Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 378
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Dorn T W - - 2001
A small but significant number of adults admitted to our burn center were assaulted by burning. Eighty-five such cases were identified at our burn center. Fifteen deaths were caused by these assaults. These cases are in one sense unique in that in addition to the burn victim, society is also ...
Tsikoudas A - - 2001
Inflammatory myositis is an extremely rare benign inflammatory condition of skeletal muscle. It usually affects the extremities, and there are only 10 cases reported in the head and neck region. Its significance is that in this region it can be clinically mistaken for a neoplasm. We describe a case and ...
Stricker L J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Erythermalgia is a rare disorder characterized by erythema, edema, elevated skin temperature, and burning pain of the hands and/or feet. The etiology of primary erythermalgia is idiopathic while secondary erythermalgia is associated with autoimmune and rheumatologic factors. Symptoms are typically refractory to medical management. We report the ...
Spoo J - - 2001
We review the literature on cement burns of the skin published during the last 4 decades. 51 case reports were analyzed with special regard to common modes of injury, localization of cement exposure, preventive measures taken and treatment. Cement burns are injuries concerning professionals at the workplace as well as ...
Kowalski P J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) of the head and neck is a rare neoplasm whose biologic behavior is difficult to predict by means of conventional histologic parameters. METHODS: H & E-stained sections from 12 cases of HPC were reviewed. Proliferation index was assessed using an immunoperoxidase stain for MIB-1 (Ki-67). RESULTS: The ...
Pham T - - 2001
Chemical burn injuries commonly occur at the workplace and can be caused by a variety of agents. Sodium azide is a volatile compound used in the industrial setting and it is also a constituent of car airbags. The known toxic effects of sodium azide include hypotension, bradycardia, and headaches. At ...
Anderson P J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atypical fibroxanthoma occurs most frequently in the head and neck region of the elderly. Previous reports have identified that the condition usually arises at the following sites: the nose, cheeks, forehead, and the ears; its development at other sites is unusual. METHOD: We report a series of 10 cases ...
Sherman B E - - 2001
Cystic hygroma is an uncommon lymphatic tumor seen rarely in adults, with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. The etiology and pathophysiology of this lesion is still in question. The majority of cystic hygromas occur in the head and neck, particularly in the posterior triangle. Although cystic hygromas ...
Hitosugi M - - 2001
This is a rare case involving a motorcyclist. A 57 year old motorcycle rider wearing a full face type helmet, suffered incomplete decapitation. The autopsy findings revealed a wide lacerated wound accompanied by extension marks in the front neck, atlanto-occipital dislocation and complete transection of the brainstem. According to the ...
Al-Sebeih K - - 2001
Chylothorax is a serious condition with a high rate of morbidity that may lead to death. Although it is encountered more frequently with certain thoracic procedures, it is considered to be a rare complication of neck dissection. Different forms of management have been postulated; however, no consensus of treatment has ...
Saraiya H - - 2001
This report presents a case of post-burn palmar contracture with flexion contracture of thumb of 20-year duration. The contracture was released and the raw area was covered with split thickness skin graft. Only one 'K' wire in soft tissue was needed to keep all the fingers straight and immobilized, suggestive ...
Fenton S - - 2001
Two cases of ischaemic optic neuropathy, which occurred as a complication of oncological neck surgery, are reported. These cases are submitted because of the apparent scarcity in the literature of this complication after head and neck surgery. They are also unusual because they presented with different clinical manifestations of ischaemic ...
Southward R D - - 2001
A case of a superficial burn following exposure to CS incapacitant spray is reported. This is followed by a summary of the properties and effects of CS and the other agents which occur in the incapacitant spray. CS is relatively safe, but it does have unwanted effects, especially on skin ...
Jortay A - - 2001
Bilateral chylothorax, as a complication of neck dissection, is very rare as evidenced by the 11 cases reported in the literature up to date. We present an additional case of bilateral chylothorax following a left radical neck dissection and concomitant chylous neck fistula. This case was successfully treated by chest ...
Moore T O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The "eccrine" poroma is a benign neoplasm previously thought to originate from the eccrine sweat gland. Early studies suggested that these were primarily lesions of the hairless acral surfaces. OBJECTIVE: This article reports the clinical and histologic findings of 10 cases of poroma of the head and neck area. ...
Hayes D W DW - - 2001
Burn wounds, although uncommon in the foot, present a uniquely challenging opportunity to physicians. The keys to successful management include a proper and specific initial evaluation of the burning agent, the location, the TBSA affected, and the depth. Ultimately, proper recognition and meticulous wound care with skin grafting, when necessary, ...
Nayak D R - - 2001
A rare case of granulocytic sarcoma of the head and neck region is presented to highlight its unusual clinical presentation and the difficulties encountered in its diagnosis. The risk factors, pathological findings, and treatment modalities are discussed to make head and neck surgeons aware of this condition, which can have ...
Steinwender G - - 2001
Two cases of deformities in scarred feet are presented. One case had an old, well healed forefoot amputation with severe equinovarus deformity, and the other had an equinus deformity following a burn injury 10 months prior. Both the cases were managed by primary release of the contracted joint capsules. The ...
Kaneko H - - 2001
We report the case of a boy whose serum CH50 was below the detection limit following burn injury and skin transplantation. The APCH50 level was slightly decreased, although C3, C4, and the other complements were within the normal range. Cold activation was not detected in his plasma. His peripheral blood ...
Narayanan V - - 2000
Burns due to lime, although well reported as a result of occupational exposure, are uncommon in the sports arena. A case of such a chemical burn, which required surgery in a football goalkeeper is presented. There are safe alternatives to line marking on football pitches the use of which will ...
Cronin C T - - 2000
The adult rhabdomyoma is a rare, benign skeletal muscle neoplasm that usually occurs in the head and neck. A case report of an adult rhabdomyoma arising in the thigh is presented with a review of the literature. This is the first case of an extremity adult rhabdomyoma to be reported. ...
Lancaster J - - 2000
We report what we believe to be only the 10th case of palatal necrosis secondary to cocaine abuse in a 33-year-old female patient. Extensive necrosis also involved the cartilaginous and bony septum and paranasal sinuses. Following exclusion of other mid-line destructive diseases her treatment involved saline douches and cessation of ...
Einav S - - 2000
Scald injuries caused by hot liquids are not a frequently reported cause of pediatric respiratory and alimentary tract burns. Aspiration of molten wax with subsequent pharyngeal or laryngeal burns has not been described at all, to the best of our knowledge. A case of an adolescent who presented with airway ...
Andrews T - - 2000
PURPOSE: Myxomas are rare, locally infiltrative, benign, connective tissue tumors that are found in bone and somatic soft tissues. This article reports our experience with head and neck myxomas and provides a comprehensive literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective record review of head and neck myxoma cases seen at 2 ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 1999
The denervated limb of the child with obstetrical brachial plexus injury is theoretically at risk of contact burns. A prospective study was designed to document the incidence and clinical presentation of these burn injuries in a series of 127 birth palsy cases. The study group included 90 Erb's and 37 ...
Pazos G A - - 1999
The primary objective of this review of the literature is to identify the probable causes of blindness after bilateral radical neck dissections. This case report and literature review also discusses possible preventive measures that may avert this catastrophic outcome. Cases of blindness after bilateral radical neck dissection were identified by ...
Chou T D - - 1999
Methemoglobinemia is a rare complication in individuals exposed to nitrates or nitrites. Whereas methemoglobinemia is a recognized potential complication in burn patients treated with topical 0.5% silver nitrate solution, no report of methemoglobinemia in burn patients has been present in the literature for more than 15 years. We raise consciousness ...
Sakurai K - - 1999
Benign mesenchymoma is a soft tissue neoplasm that contains 2 or more differentiated mesenchymal components in addition to fibrous tissue. A rare case of benign mesenchymoma of the cheek in a 6-year-old boy is presented. The literature pertaining to mesenchymoma in the head and neck region is reviewed and discussed.
Petruccelli B P - - 1999
The burning of oil wells in Kuwait in 1991 discharged a high volume of potentially toxic pollutants into the air. To determine whether there were health-related complaints associated with having lived and worked there, questionnaires were administered to 1599 soldiers after their return from a 3-month mission in Kuwait. Symptoms ...
Liu R M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) involvement of the head and neck, particularly of the larynx, can represent a challenge to the otolaryngologist. In this article, we present a case report of an infant with laryngeal EB requiring tracheostomy. All cases of EB occurring over the past 10 years at The Hospital ...
Baron J M - - 1999
We describe the case of a 53-year-old man in whom pigmented bowenoid papulosis developed on the skin of the neck. By polymerase chain reaction with general primers for genital human papillomaviruses (HPV) and subsequent restriction enzyme cleavage we could demonstrate HPV 18-related DNA in two biopsy specimens of the pigmented ...
Reece P H - - 1999
Dercum's disease (adiposis dolorosa) is a rare condition characterized by progressively painful fatty deposits, usually, in menopausal women with obesity, asthenia and mental phenomena. We report a case of a 48-year-old woman with recurrent neck swelling and pain in the neck and parotid region, and a review of management of ...
Baruchin A M - - 1999
Airbags have been shown as a vital, supplemental restraining device that save lives and reduce morbidity associated with motor vehicles crashes. However, as with any developing technology, airbags have also been identified in some instances, as the source of injuries which, have been well described in the literature. To a ...
Kubo M - - 1999
Although plain X-ray analysis is able to reveal anatomical changes in the frontal plane of the pelvis after Chiari pelvic osteotomy involving medial displacement (medialization) in the distal fragment and lateral displacement (lateralization) in the proximal fragment, changes in the horizontal or sagittal plane can not be discerned. Here, I ...
O'Toole G - - 1998
Smoke inhalation is a leading cause of death in burns patients. Conventional ventilation cannot always maintain adequate tissue oxygenation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has rarely been used in the treatment of smoke inhalation injuries. ECMO is a proven therapy in severe neonatal respiratory failure and has also been used to ...
Ung F - - 1998
Extravasation of thorium dioxide after transcervical carotid angiography has resulted in persistent open draining neck wounds. These difficult problems have remained a challenge for the treating head and neck surgeon. Neck dissection has been the mainstay of treatment in the past; however, this has been fraught with complications. The application ...
Burkhart C G - - 1998
A plethora of head lice cases that require optimal therapeutic assessments are developing in elementary schools. Over-the-counter therapies continue to be the mainstream solution for most cases of pediculosis capitis, but the onset of resistant cases dictates a review of available treatment modalities. The increased efficacy of prescription drugs, namely ...
Phillips T J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The term Marjolin ulcer is now synonymous with malignant transformation of chronic ulcers, sinus tracts, and burn scars. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the importance of incisional or excisional biopsies in cases of suspected burn scar carcinoma. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: Multiple punch biopsies were negative ...
Farrugia M K - - 1998
Lipoblastoma and lipoblastomatosis are rare benign tumours of embryonal fat that exhibit a tendency to invade locally but not to metastasize. This condition most often presents before the age of 3 years, affects males more than females, and is typified by a slowly-growing, usually subcutaneous mass arising in a limb. ...
Thompson J W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Fire in the modern operating room is still a constant danger today despite the usual absence of the historically explosive anesthetic gases, cyclopropane, and ether. During a tracheostomy, three conditions are present that will support an explosive or combustive event: heat, fuel and oxygen. METHODS: We report three routine ...
Lascaratos J - - 1997
I believe that the transient blindness which presented Alexander the Great after his being wounded on his head and/or his neck by a stone from a catapult during the siege of Cyropolis (329 BC) was in all probability a case of transient cortical blindness that was recognized as a special ...
Balus L - - 1997
The clinical and histological features of the entities known as 'white fibrous papulosis of the neck' (WFPN) and 'acquired elastolysis of the papillary dermis simulating pseudoxanthoma elasticum' (PDE) are not clearly defined. This study was conducted to compare our experience of WFPN/PDE with those described in the literature. Twenty patients ...
Tilliss T S - - 1997
The extraoral and intraoral examination should be part of the clinician's examination process. During the extraoral portion, it is necessary to assess skin moles that may be present in the head/neck region or on other accessible skin areas. This review paper is a discussion of melanoma and provides information on ...
Blizzard L - - 1997
Melanoma risk differs by sun-sensitive phenotype, of which self-reported skin type (tendency to burn, inability to tan) is an indicator. If self-reports of skin type are influenced by the amount of sun exposure subjects have had, the two principal determinants of risk are linked, and stratifying by skin type would ...
Vandeweyer E - - 1997
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a slow-growing but locally aggressive malignant neoplasm of the skin. The preferential locations are on the trunk and proximal extremities but it can occur in the head and neck region in about 15% of the cases. This is a report of such a case and a review ...
Jennett R J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: In spite of mounting evidence to the contrary, plaintiffs' expert witnesses continue to maintain that brachial plexus impairment is almost always the result of excessive lateral traction on the head during the last phase of delivery. Case studies are presented to challenge this concept. STUDY DESIGN: Examples encountered in ...
Welinder N R - - 1997
Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS) is an uncommon complication of upper neck inflammatory processes and head and neck surgery. It is also known under the eponym of Grisel's syndrome (GS). We present a case report of a 6-year-old boy with GS that resulted from a retropharyngeal abscess. A diagnosis was not ...
Knowles W O - - 1996
Localized myositis is a result of heterogenous group of disorders associated with variable clinical, enzyme and pathologic findings. We report the case of a young woman who developed progressive, relapsing myositis of her head and neck after a hornet sting. We provide an update about the clinical spectrum of different ...
Morley S E - - 1996
Burns caused by prolonged contact of wet cement with skin are common in this country. Recent literature has highlighted other ways in which the use and manufacture of cement can lead to burn injuries, notably through explosion and contact with hot powder during manufacturing. These injuries are uncommon in this ...
Migues A - - 1996
In this article, a case of talar neck fracture nonunion is presented. Union was accomplished with an indirect placement of a corticocancellous fibular graft through a posterolateral approach. The advantages and indications for this method of the treatment of talar neck nonunion are discussed, together with a review of the ...
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