Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 412
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McConnell E E - - 1994
"Truth is the essence of science," and "peer review" is a key element in assuring the "truth". Peer review is particularly important with regard to diagnostic pathology in bioassays used for regulatory purposes and approval of drugs and medical devices for at least 2 reasons: (a) If a study is ...
Pierce M E - - 1994
Two cases of a falling anterior glenoid labrum are presented. The anterior labrum appears normal on supine double contrast computed tomographic arthrography (DCCTA). However, on prone DCCTA the anterior labrum falls away from the glenoid. The addition of prone DCCTA in these two cases reveals a labral tear, occult on ...
Stuecker R D - - 1993
The diagnosis of idiopathic pes cavo-varus is one of exclusion. Typically a neuropathic etiology is sought. Equally well known is the association of rigid flatfoot deformity with calcaneonavicular and subtalar coalition. Less well known is the association of pes cavo-varus with tarsal coalition. This is a report of three patients ...
Burney R E - - 1993
In order to learn more about peer review's acceptability, efficiency, and reliability, we performed structured implicit review with and without use of a structured case review form on a random selection of peer review organization cases. We compared the results between methods and with previously obtained review results. Twenty-five charts ...
Evans A T - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of good peer reviewers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data gathered during a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Journal of General Internal Medicine. PARTICIPANTS: 226 reviewers of 131 consecutively submitted manuscripts of original research. 201 (91%) completed the review and submitted a curriculum vitae. MEASUREMENTS AND ...
Beatson J A - - 1993
Consideration of peer review is timely, given that formalization of peer review processes is one of the responses the psychiatric profession could make to increasing calls for accountability from within and without the profession. The establishment of formal peer review evoked strong, often hostile, responses among psychiatrists in the United ...
Velasco A D - - 1993
One hundred twelve cases of Charnley low-friction arthroplasty (LFA), with elevation of the psoas tendon from the lesser trochanter, were reviewed. Twenty-six (23.3%) had heterotopic ossification in that area. No heterotopic ossification was present in 124 cases without psoas tenotomy. Periosteal elevation at the time of tenotomy is a likely ...
Mayer R - - 1993
A beta-hydroxychalcone 1, so far not reported as a natural compound, was separated from the diethyl ether extract of LEPTOSPERMUM SCOPARIUM (Myrtaceae). Furthermore, three known flavonoids 2-4 were isolated. The (13)C-NMR spectra of 2-4 are reported, since they have as yet not been reported in the literature.
Burgess M M - - 1993
What level of bioethics expertise (1) must an HEC involved in case review have to ensure full discussion of the complexities of cases in an emotionally supportive manner, and to educate healthcare professionals about relevant moral aspects of these cases? Is there a necessary level of bioethics expertise required to ...
Tantawi T I - - 1993
Until recently, the two biologically equivalent blow flies Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann) and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) had disjunct distributions outside the Americas; the former was Palaearctic, the latter Australasian and Oriental. The two species are now spreading throughout the Americas and coexist in Argentina. The predatory "hairy" larvae of both species ...
Porst H - - 1993
A total of 40 patients (average age 55.9 years, range 23 to 78 years) with erectile failure was enrolled in a study to compare 1 mg. of the nitric oxide donor linsidomine to 20 micrograms prostaglandin E1 administered for diagnostic purposes. Prostaglandin E1 was considered comparable to linsidomine by 10% ...
Aspi J - - 1993
We estimated heritabilities for several male courtship song characters in two Drosophila species using father-son regression under conditions where both fathers and sons had been raised in the laboratory. In D. montana the heritabilities of song characters were rather high (-0.23 to 0.80) and in most cases significant. In D. ...
Dymock J J - - 1993
In urban Auckland, from September 1991 to May 1992, only six specimens of the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, were collected in farmed parkland and in garden habitats. The common green blowfly, Lucilia sericata, was the most common calliphorid trapped in these habitats. Neither of the two Lucilia species were ...
Yamasoba T - - 1993
Computed tomography (CT) was used to investigate whether an isthmus block was present in 57 cases with attic retraction cholesteatomas. A ventilation route between the mesotympanum and attic was considered to exist in 30% of the cases and occurred predominantly in those ears with a cholesteatoma that did not extend ...
Weiss B D - - 1993
The objective of this report is to review the current and potential therapeutic uses of the progesterone antagonist drug RU 486 (mifepristone). Publications cited in peer-reviewed journals were identified through a search of the Index Medicus from 1987 through 1992. A wide range of research reports was reviewed, including human, ...
Borts M R - - 1992
Nonallergic perennial rhinitis is a heterogenous disorder. Although the underlying cause is unknown, there is evidence of an autonomic imbalance with parasympathetic hyperreactivity in affected persons. We review this evidence and the role of ipratropium bromide, an anticholinergic drug with topical activity, in the management of nonallergic perennial rhinitis. The ...
Cullen D J - - 1992
To analyze the consistency between independent peer reviewers in evaluating and ranking unsolicited articles, the authors used paired reviews of 422 unsolicited submissions to the Journal of Clinical Anesthesia from the end of 1988 through 1991. (The editors of this journal base their publication decisions, to a substantial degree, on ...
Shuttleworth C A - - 1992
Microfibrillar elements were isolated from developing and formed bovine dental pulp by a procedure involving bacterial collagenase tissue digestion and chromatography on Sepharose CL-2B. Two microfibrillar assemblies could be demonstrated. Type VI collagen microfibrils with a characteristic periodicity of about 100 nm appeared as long, thin, flexible filaments. In a ...
Thömke F - - 1992
Direct current electro-oculography revealed abduction nystagmus with hypermetric abduction saccades in 35 of 64 patients with unilateral and 55 of 66 patients with bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia. Slowing of abduction saccades occurred in 27 unilateral cases, mainly ipsilateral to the paretic eye, and in 36 bilateral cases. Abduction nystagmus with hypermetric ...
Springate S D - - 1992
An increasingly popular method of aiding the precise placement of bonded brackets is to identify the long axis and centre of the crown with small pencil marks. A case is reported where marks placed with a soft pencil in the centre of the etched enamel have led to the inclusion ...
Shu S Y - - 1992
The discovery of a new subdivision in the striatum of the rat, the marginal division, has recently been reported. The marginal division is located at the caudal extent of the striatum, surrounding the rostrolateral border of the globus pallidus, and has different cellular morphology, immunohistochemistry and an efferent projection pattern ...
Chhabra R C - - 1992
Faecal specimens from 162 piglets, aged 1-5 months, from four farms around Harare were examined for coccidia during 1989-1990. Oocyst count per gram (OPG) of faeces was determined by the McMaster technique. Identification of Eimeria species was done after sporulation of oocysts in 2.5% potassium dichromate solution. Measurements of sporulated ...
Rickard L G - - 1992
Gastrointestinal helminths including two species of cestodes (Taenia omissa and T. ovis krabbei) and three species of nematodes (Toxocara cati, Cylicospirura subequalis and Ollulanus tricuspis) are reported from two free-ranging cougars (Felis concolor) in Washington (USA). Ollulanus tricuspis is reported for the first time from cougars and represents the first ...
Kusuhara K - - 1992
In order to clarify the relationship between endometrial histology and progesterone (P4), plasma P4 and estradiol levels in the luteal phase were measured in 126 cases of unexplained infertility. Endometrial biopsies were performed in the midluteal period of menstrual cycles. Forty-three of the 126 cases showed retarded endometrium. Of these ...
Sennewald K - - 1991
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is characterized by the presence of massive venous occlusion of the veins in an extremity, leading to ischemia and sometimes gangrene. We report a case of phlegmasia cerulea dolens that was evaluated by radionuclide venography. We report both this case and information regarding phlegmasia and therapy ...
Keyes M A - - 1991
CHAMPUS established a contracted provider arrangement demonstration in the Norfolk, Virginia area. This article describes the development, assessment, and refinement of the quality monitoring criteria used to assess quality of care. Of 3,303 cases reviewed, 66% failed one or more criteria in two levels of review by nonphysician reviewers and ...
Harrop D E - - 1991
The uniform clinical data set (UCDS) will be introduced into the PRO review process as PROs enter the next contract cycle and begin to operate under the Fourth Scope of Work. As reported in the July issue, the Keystone Peer Review Organization (KePRO) will come under the Fourth Scope on ...
Liberski P P - - 1991
We report here PrP-immunohistochemistry performed on brains from CJD cases from Poland. Only one of five definitive CJD cases exhibited typical PrP-immunoreactive kuru-like plaques and this was case of a short duration. We thus confirm the low frequency of PrP plaques in CJD of Eastern and Central European origin.
Mooney E E - - 1991
A brief review of the significance of the hand in the mythology, folklore, and religion of Ireland from ancient times is presented. Many of these accounts are also found in the history and legends of other Celtic countries.
Yamazaki M - - 1991
A 34-year-old Japanese female with solar urticaria is described, who had an episode of urticarial response when she was exposed to indoor fluorescent light first and sunlight later. The action spectrum was found to range from 480 to 520 nm with an inhibition spectrum above 650 nm in the visible ...
Kellie S E SE Office of Quality Assurance, American Medical Association, Chicago, - - 1991
The Medicare Peer Review Organization (PRO) program includes preprocedure review using explicit criteria to assess the appropriateness of specific procedures. This study evaluates the variability in the PRO preprocedure criteria for the three procedures most frequently reviewed by PROs: carotid endarterectomy, cataract removal, and cardiac pacemaker implants. In August 1989, ...
Tracey J M - - 1991
Two peer review groups of ten general practitioners each reviewed their management of headache and fatigue. Each group used internal standards which they had set for the review of one condition and external standards set by the other group for the other condition. Data for the review was collected from ...
Weiss S J - - 1991
Malassezia furfur has been associated with fungemias in infants after prolonged intravenous lipid emulsion alimentation. Most cases of M. furfur fungemia reported in the literature involved neonates and required catheter removal for cure. M. furfur is probably an underreported problem in neonates as well as adults with central venous catheters, ...
Montandon P - - 1991
Type V tympanoplasty with fenestration of the oval window and protection of the round window in a residual hypotympanic cavity can be considered as the last-chance procedure for rehabilitation of hearing in ears with 'canal wall down' or other conditions. The review of 64 cases suggests that restoration of hearing ...
Sullivan S N - - 1990
A patient with a "thoracic succussion splash" due to achalasia is described. She noted a splashing or sloshing sensation in her chest related to jogging and bending. On examination a splashing sound could be heard over the mid sternum and the posterior chest when the patient was rocked vigorously back ...
Ron-El R - - 1990
Binovular follicles were found in 15 (0.3%) of 4,695 follicles containing oocytes. These binovular follicles were either with adjacent cumulus complexes (9 cases), or separate corona radiata and common cumulus mass (1 case), or two oocytes within a single zona pellucida (5 cases). In each of the latter form, there ...
Olson C M - - 1990
Peer review is the assessment by experts of material submitted for publication. The peer reviewer serves the editor by substantiating the quality of the manuscript, and serves the author by giving constructive criticism. This system has benefits and drawbacks, including the tendency to select against novel work. Reviewers, whose work ...
Allsopp M - - 1990
A number of clinical descriptions of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in adolescence are available but are often of small numbers of cases with highly selective recruitment methods. We describe the findings of a systematic case note review of 44 consecutive OCD patients referred to Oxford Regional Adolescent Unit between 1974 and ...
Nierman R N - - 1990
Because of the complexity of craniomandibular claims, it is difficult for insurance adjusters to keep up with all of the advances and techniques regarding craniomandibular disorders. Insurance companies have found that they can process claims more quickly and economize by having claims reviewed. Because of this, independent insurance reviews have ...
McNutt R A RA Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill - - 1990
Peer reviewers are blinded sometimes to authors' and institutions' names, but the effects of blinding on review quality are not known. We, therefore, conducted a randomized trial of blinded peer review. Each of 127 consecutive manuscripts of original research that were submitted to the Journal of General Internal Medicine were ...
Horrobin D F DF Efamol Research Institute, Kentville, Nova Scotia, - - 1990
Peer review can be performed successfully only if those involved have a clear idea as to its fundamental purpose. Most authors of articles on the subject assume that the purpose of peer review is quality control. This is an inadequate answer. The fundamental purpose of peer review in the biomedical ...
Sands R G - - 1990
Three cases in which interdisciplinary teams experienced conflict were examined in depth. Disagreement within the team was expressed covertly and overtly. In the face of conflicting perceptions, team members attempted to influence others to agree with them, changed their own recommendations, or tried to find an area of compromise. Team ...
Rosenkranz H S - - 1990
CASE, an artificial intelligence method for identifying structural determinants responsible for biological activity was applied to the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) cancer bioassay results. CASE identified structures which were significantly associated with rodent carcinogenicity. On the basis of these structural determinants CASE exhibited a sensitivity of 0.98 and a ...
Humphery-Smith I - - 1989
It has long been recognized that, in some cases, the evolution of parasites seems to follow closely that of their hosts, yet in the literature dealing with host-parasite evolution, the causes behind this Phylogenetic specificity (co-evolution) are rarely addressed, the term 'parasite' is seldom clearly defined, and the diversity inherent ...
Janati A - - 1989
We report two cases of cranial dystonia (blepharospasm) associated with olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). The pathophysiology of blepharospasm appears to involve an increased excitability of the interneurons of the blink and corneal reflexes. It is hypothesized that blepharospasm associated with OPCA might be due to rostral brainstem lesions disrupting central dopaminergic ...
Wencel S - - 1989
Although peer reviewer has faced many legal challenges, some protection is available to peer reviewers through state and federal law. Peer reviewers must follow specific guidelines provided by these laws to maintain this protection. This article outlined the most prominent protection currently available as well as the corollary duties and ...
- - 1989
This notice announces the redesignation of an area consisting of the State of Hawaii and the territories of American Samoa, Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands as a single Utilization and Quality Control Peer Review Organization (PRO) review area. Presently, the State of Hawaii comprises one review ...
Weiner H - - 1989
An extensive literature exists on the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN). This article reviews succinctly the disturbances in the reproductive biology of AN; they exemplify the fragility of the physiologic mechanisms that underlie reproductive function. They pose the following question: Why is this crucial function so easily disrupted given that ...
Solms M - - 1989
This is an English translation of Freud's report of a lecture that he delivered in 1895 on the 'Mechanism of obsessional ideas and phobias'. The report was not included in the Standard Edition of Freud's psychological works, and nor was it included in any of the other collections of his ...
el-Guebaly N - - 1988
Psychiatrists in the U.S. have raised a host of issues related to their experience with peer review including a concern for the patient's confidentiality, the need to correlate normative standards with local customary practice, the significance of the reviewer's theoretical orientation and training, the optimal documentation required and the impact ...
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