Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 412
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Baxt W G - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a fictitious manuscript into which purposeful errors were placed could be used as an instrument to evaluate peer reviewer performance. METHODS: An instrument for reviewer evaluation was created in the form of a fictitious manuscript into which deliberate errors were placed in order to develop ...
Crigger N J - - 1998
Editorial peer reviewers play an important role in shaping the direction of knowledge growth of their discipline. Recent concern over reports of peer review misconduct has led some to advocate the establishment of a code of ethics for peer reviewers. Such a code should include guidelines for the discipline and ...
Bingham C M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Peer review of medical papers is a confidential consultancy between the reviewer and the journal editor, and has been criticised for its potential bias and inadequacy. We explored the potential of the internet for open peer review to see whether this approach improved the quality and outcome of peer ...
Zardawi I M - - 1998
In 1992 we set up a peer review system to address all the steps involved in the production of a cytopathology report. The aim of the study was to generate accurate, timely and clinically relevant cytopathology reports. During a four year period we monitored and recorded activities such as turnaround ...
Callaham M L ML Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0208, USA. - - 1998
Quality of reviewers is crucial to journal quality, but there are usually too many for editors to know them all personally. A reliable method of rating them (for education and monitoring) is needed. Whether editors' quality ratings of peer reviewers are reliable and how they compare with other performance measures. ...
Alecu M - - 1998
Serological level of interleukin-1 (IL-1), Interleukin-2 (IL-2), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha was investigated in 26 patients with scleroderma, divided into three lots, by the extension and the progress of the disease. Determinations were performed by ELISA in attack and in remission (after treatment with prednison). Normal ...
Bhatia A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of a prospective peer review program on diagnostic accuracy in a routine cytopathology laboratory. STUDY DESIGN: For the study, 4,836 consecutive cases subjected to fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) over a one-year period were used. Nine pathologists performed both reporting and peer review functions. Disagreements ...
Robinson J M - - 1998
In this article, we review the immunocytochemical literature with respect to a comparison between conventional colloidal gold and ultrasmall gold particles as immunoprobes. We discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of each of these types of particles for immunocytochemical applications. We present results from our own laboratories, in which we ...
Brown R S - - 1998
The authors present two case reports that illustrate synthetic hair braid extension artifacts in panoramic radiographs. They found that hairstyles using synthetic hair braid extensions created radiopaque patterns that varied according to hairstyles. They discuss how these hair extensions may affect panoramic radiographs and the importance of determining whether patients ...
Wilson W - - 1998
The modus operandi of female serial killers was examined from a chronology of 58 cases in America and 47 cases in 17 other countries, compiled over 25-year intervals. Female serial killers in other countries accounted for a disproportionately greater number of victims, but those in America managed a longer killing ...
Perera I - - 1998
A case report of a patient with amineptine and midazolam dependence is presented. A literature search was done for other cases of amineptine abuse and their presentations and medical investigations are compared. This is the first locally reported case of amineptine abuse and highlights the fact that amineptine is a ...
Ransil B J - - 1998
The handedness preference (laterality) of 1,196 professionals grouped in nine professions previously reported using self-reported global handedness and scores on a modified Edinburgh Handedness Inventory was further defined by evaluating the association between profession and the 10 manual tasks of the inventory. The previously reported ranking of professions in order ...
Bergner R M - - 1998
Paradigmatically, meaningful action, and by extension meaningful living, inhere in immersed participation in activities from which one derives substantial instrumental, intrinsic, and/or spiritual value. The greater the departure from this paradigm (the existentialist's "absurd" being the extreme case), the more meaningless will one's existence seem. Employing this paradigm case as ...
Anglani C - - 1998
A review of literature on nonstructural and structural carbohydrate contents in sorghum is presented. This review describes the influence of temperature, maturity, genotype, culm section, spacing, and fertilization on nonstructural carbohydrate contents. The starch properties and the chief criteria of sorghum malt quality are discussed. Differences in structural carbohydrate contents ...
Rutherford R B - - 1997
Appropriate standards for reports on endovascular procedures are discussed in terms of whether existing standards suffice or should be revised. SVS/ISCVS and SCVIR reporting standards form the basis for recommendations. The recently revised SVS/ISCVS "recommended standards for reports dealing with lower extremity ischemia" serves appropriately for most outcome comparisons for ...
Becker D G - - 1997
We describe the use of powered instrumentation for precise modification of the bony nasal dorsum. Specific modifications were made to design a drill specifically for the bony nasal dorsum. This drill has a protective sheath that covers all but the active part of the drill, protecting the skin-soft tissue envelope, ...
Ajao O G - - 1997
Every academic scientist will come into contact with peer review process either as a reviewer of others work, or as an author whose work is being reviewed by others, or as an applicant for research grant. Historically, peer review process came at various times to various journals for a variety ...
Cooper C R CR - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge regarding the opportunistic dimorphic fungal pathogen Penicillium marneffei. Clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, mycology, histopathology, diagnostic serology, in vitro antifungal agent susceptibility testing, and therapy are discussed for human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals primarily living in Southeast Asia. DATA SOURCES: Critical evaluation of peer-reviewed publications located through ...
Baig L A - - 1997
The role of supervisors in diarrhoea case management at the Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) corners of Sindh was assessed by a random sample of 62 ORT corners in rural and urban areas of Sindh. The supervisors at each facility included, Medical Superintendents, District Health Officers, Senior Medical Officers, Civil Surgeons ...
Ruble R - - 1997
This paper reviews the ambient air literature and discusses the link between particulate matter with an MMAD < or = 10 micrograms (PM10) emissions and estimates of silica particulate concentrations. Silica appears to represent a range of 0.4-21% of PM10 emissions, although this estimation needs more research (including direct measurements) ...
Yao F S - - 1997
We describe a case of difficult intubation, possibly due to marked pseudocholinesterase hyperactivity that caused rapid inactivation of succinycholine. Possible causes of difficult intubation and pseudocholinesterase hyperactivity are discussed. Literature on genetic variants associated with markedly increased pseudocholinesterase activity are reviewed. It is concluded that pseudocholinesterase hyperactivity may be a ...
Gale M E - - 1997
Teleradiology has been used for nearly 3 years at our institution to provide urgent radiologic interpretations for two outpatient clinics and an affiliated hospital. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical reliability of the existing system. Teleradiology images were interpreted using 1600 x 1200 pixel display stations. ...
Burton S - - 1997
Five cases of hypoadrenocorticism in young related Nova Scotia duck tolling retrievers are discussed. Two were littermates and the others shared one or more common ancestors. No specific mode of inheritance was determined. Clinical and laboratory findings typical of hypoadrenocorticism were observed. Further documentation will be required to confirm a ...
Gilbert B - - 1997
The final results of this case were pleasing to the patient and the dentist (Fig.5). The diastemas had been closed (Fig. 6), and the bioesthetic symmetry and harmony had been restored (Fig. 7). The patient reported an increase in self confidence with his peers and professors, especially during assignments both ...
Shulman K I - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Traditional monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) continue to play an important role in the management of a wide variety of clinical conditions. Accordingly, a practical and safe approach to MAOI dietary restrictions remains an essential component of patient management. METHOD: In an effort to refine MAOI dietary recommendations, we report ...
Middleton A M - - 1997
The rate of recovery and time to detection of mycobacteria from clinical specimens were analysed for specimens inoculated into both radiometric Middlebrook 7H12 (Bactec 12B, originally 12A) medium and Lowenstein-Jensen egg-based medium (with and without sodium pyruvate) over the 15-year period from 1980 to 1994. A total of 19,679 Bactec ...
Bonnen J G - - 1997
We report a case of gamma knife pallidotomy resulting in a permanent contralateral homonymous hemianopsia and transient contralateral hemiparesis with some improvement in contralateral parkinsonian symptoms. This case illustrates the risk of gamma knife pallidotomy which precludes physiologic target localization and can subject structures surrounding the target to a significant ...
Levy Y - - 1996
This paper focuses on claims for the modularity of language that have been voiced within the field of cognitive developmental disorders. It will be argued that, whereas there is sound empirical support for "little" modularity, i.e., the internal modularity of the grammar, the cases that have been brought up in ...
Marshall J B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Documentation of total colonoscopy usually rests on a statement in the endoscopy report indicating that cecal landmarks were visualized. We sought to determine whether providing photographs of cecal landmarks provided an objective marker of complete colonoscopy. METHODS: We had 12 outside experienced endoscopists review 120 photographs of cecal landmarks ...
Miller R - - 1996
Notated sacred solo song dates from 1,000 B.C. Early secular song exhibits modest vocal demands of chant-like character. Popular song and liturgical solo song share common origins. Western European secular song notation began in the early Medieval Age. Compositional writing for solo voice took a dramatic turn toward virtuosity about ...
Andreassen S - - 1996
The diagnostic performance of the medical expert system MUNIN for diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders was evaluated on a set of 30 test cases. The cases were provided by 7 experienced electromyographers who were subsequently invited to participate in the evaluation. To reasonably cover the range of disorders, the electromyographers were ...
Perrett Roy W - - 1996
I believe that there is no intrinsic moral difference between killing and letting die. That is, there is no difference that depends solely on the distinction between an act and an omission. I also believe that we can reasonably establish this thesis by appeal to the Bare Difference Argument. The ...
Jordon R - - 1996
The Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC's) final disclosure rule affects healthcare providers who have $10 million or more in bonds outstanding and providers that plan to be active in the bond market in the future. As managed care providers, HMOs come under the jurisdiction of the rule and are required ...
Verstraten F A - - 1996
Scientists agree that Aristotle in his Parva Naturalia was the first to report a visual illusion known as the motion aftereffect (MAE). But there is less consensus as to who was the first to report the direction of the MAE. According to some, Aristotle only described the phenomenon without saying ...
Parker J A - - 1996
The Internet and particularly the World-Wide-Web is becoming a useful tool for the nuclear medicine community. METHODS: The Computer and Instrumentation Council of the Society of Nuclear Medicine convened an Internet Focus group to discuss collaboration using the Internet. The prototype application considered was development of case-based teaching files using ...
Lind A C - - 1995
Quality assurance (QA) in surgical pathology has focused primarily on retrospective audits of randomly selected cases. The authors describe an effective method of prospective audit for a selected class of surgical specimens--diagnostic biopsies--and document the benefits, additional staff time required and impact on turnaround time. Additionally, these results were compared ...
Felton C J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The study examined whether employing mental health consumers as peer specialists in an intensive case management program can enhance outcomes for clients with serious mental illness. METHODS: A quasiexperimental, longitudinal, nonequivalent control group design was used to compare outcomes of clients assigned to three case management conditions: teams of ...
Schouten G - - 1995
In a previous study, Schouten and Blommaert (1995) explicitly showed that brightness constancy implies a substantial compression in the luminance-brightness mapping. Here it is argued that additional compression mechanisms are required for scenes with large luminance ranges. To trace these, a series of experiments was conducted which involved expansion of ...
Polak J F - - 1995
Peer review of submitted manuscripts is recognized as a critical component of the publication process in all major medical journals. It lends respectability and scientific credibility to those journals that have adopted the process [1]. This function is delegated to a group of persons who perform the task selflessly and ...
Page R L - - 1995
In 1992 the British Thoracic Society arranged a series of voluntary interdepartmental peer reviews. Their prime objective was to help to improve services by enabling clinicians to share experiences and ideas on the organisational aspects of the service and training provided. This paper outlines the planning and implementation of the ...
Ward J M - - 1995
Peer review of histopathology findings in safety assessment studies involving rodents and other animals is a relatively recent procedure in toxicologic pathology. It serves to ensure the integrity of the pathology evaluation in safety studies, encourages consistency of diagnostic criteria and use of common terminology, and provides a method of ...
Cook C A - - 1995
A particularly misunderstood type of domestic violence is the type of incident where both partners are violent, for example, where one partner is violent and the other is violent in self-defense. The present study examined third-party attributions about such battering. Subjects read a fictitious newspaper report of a domestic battering ...
White D J - - 1995
Three cases of striae distensae of the breast after augmentation mammoplasty are presented. The patients were all in their early 20s and nulliparous. The striae developed in the first few months after surgery. A review of the literature on striae distensae is presented. To the best of our knowledge, striae ...
Lindquist R D - - 1995
The grant review process that operationalizes peer review for the critique, scoring, approval, and selection of research grants for funding may intimidate a novice reviewer. This article describes the peer review panel and process of grant review, specifies the role and responsibilities of the reviewer in the review session, and ...
Shapiro T - - 1994
The editor's vantage-point adds additional requirements to our concept of a psychoanalytic fact. The data of the psychoanalytic experience must pass peer review and enlist the conviction of the editors that what is asserted holds up to the general conceptions of truth within the context of the profession. Issues that ...
Tancredi L R - - 1994
The defence in malpractice cases has traditionally relied upon a commonly accepted body of knowledge. According to the American 'Frye rule', this knowledge could either have been accepted generally or by a 'respectable minority' of physicians. The US Supreme Court, however, has recently ruled in the Daubert case that conclusions ...
Ernst E - - 1994
Peer review is the ordinary method for judging the acceptability of scientific papers for publication. Yet there are few prospective data defining the accuracy or reproducibility of this method. This study was aimed at evaluating interrater consistency in reviewing a single manuscript and at determining whether a referee's likely predisposition ...
Sweitzer B J BJ Department of Anesthesia, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston - - 1994
To evaluate the authors' satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the peer review process of the Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. Anonymous questionnaires were sent to authors to survey their opinions about specific aspects of the peer review process. Authors were grouped by status of their manuscripts: AR (accept with revision), RR (reject ...
Gamzon M - - 1994
This is the third year that Contemporary Long Term Care, in conjunction with Senior Housing Investment Advisors, Inc., has prepared the Seniors housing Industry Review and Forecast Report. The perspective of 20 industry experts who are involved in various aspects of the business comprise the basis for this evaluation of ...
Borman W H - - 1994
Skeletal myogenesis in the chick embryo first occurs in the somite. Somites are transient, paired mesodermal structures adjacent to the neural tube. Somites form from the segmental plate mesenchyme at approximately 90-min intervals. We identify somitic myogenic cells by using confocal microscopy to detect the muscle specific intermediate filament protein, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >