Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 412
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Markovitz Barry P - - 2003
We reported at AMIA 1999 on the apparent lack of privacy protection for the subjects of case reports at 32 websites. It has been clear for some time that print journal editors and Institutional Review Boards require informed consent from patients or their surrogates if they can be potentially identified ...
Shine Daniel - - 2002
Identification of alternatives to manual chart review might improve efficiency in quality improvement work. This study at a large community teaching hospital in central New Jersey considered whether selected charges from a patient-level costs database could identify compliance with Sixth Scope of Work indicators in congestive heart failure (CHF). Charges ...
McConkey Kevin M - - 2002
The authors revisit and update their previous historiographical note (McConkey & Perry, 1985) on Benjamin Franklin's involvement with and investigation of animal magnetism or mesmerism. They incorporate more recent literature and offer additional comment about Franklin's role in and views about mesmerism. Franklin had a higher degree of personal involvement ...
Anantaphruti Malinee T - - 2002
A study of hookworm infections of schoolchildren was conducted in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand. Of the 2,940 hookworms that were recovered from the children, almost all (99.9%), were Necator americanus, only three (0.1%) were identified as Ancylostoma duodenale, and all were female worms. An estimation of the worm ...
Callaham Michael L - - 2002
Study objective: We sought to determine whether peer reviewers who attend a formal interactive training session produce better reviews. Peer reviewers were invited to attend a formal, 4-hour, highly interactive workshop on peer review. Attendees received a sample manuscript to read and review in writing in advance. The workshop included ...
- - 2002
Precede the abstract with the title of the manuscript. Prepare a structured abstract with the following sections (include these headings): BACKGROUND: Summarize the literature review, demonstrating the need for this study. OBJECTIVES: Clearly state the main question or hypothesis of this study in one sentence. METHODS: Describe the study design, ...
Godlee Fiona - - 2002
Anonymity for peer reviewers remains the overwhelming norm within biomedical journals. While acknowledging that open review is not without challenges, this article presents 4 key arguments in its favor: (1) ethical superiority, (2) lack of important adverse effects, (3) feasibility in practice, and (4) potential to balance greater accountability for ...
Weber Ellen J - - 2002
CONTEXT: To determine author perception of peer review and association between quality of review and author satisfaction. METHODS: Survey between May 1999 and October 2000 of 897 corresponding authors of manuscripts under consideration by the Annals of Emergency Medicine and had received final editorial decisions during the study period. A ...
Pitkin Roy M - - 2002
CONTEXT: To compare telephone, fax, and e-mail methods of prodding tardy reviewers. METHODS: Randomized trial conducted January 1998 through June 1999 at the main editorial office of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Reviewers who had failed to file reviews by 28 days after being sent manuscripts (7 days after deadline) were sent ...
Jefferson Tom - - 2002
CONTEXT: The quality of a process can only be tested against its agreed objectives. Editorial peer-review is widely used, yet there appears to be little agreement about how to measure its effects or processes. METHODS: To identify outcome measures used to assess editorial peer review as performed by biomedical journals, ...
Meisheri I V - - 2002
Between January 1997 and December 1998, 30 consecutive children with suspected biliary atresia (BA) were selected to assess whether duodenal intubation (DI) and testing of aspirate for bile would help to rule out BA. Duodenal fluid was aspirated every 2 h for 24 h and tested for bile. A HIDA ...
Grant J E - - 2002
Kleptomania, an often secret inability to resist the impulse to steal objects not needed for personal use or their monetary value, is an underrecognized disorder that is unknown to many clinicians. Kleptomania has gone virtually non mentioned in the adolescent literature, despite the fact that kleptomania often has its onset ...
Wade Martin S - - 2002
We report a case of persistent depigmented hair regrowth from the site of a patch of alopecia areata. It is well known that hair may regrow unpigmented from a site of alopecia areata; however, it was previously thought that this was temporary, lasting no longer than the first hair cycle.
Haines H - - 2002
Participatory ergonomics is reported in an increasing number of case studies, but there is little evidence of emerging supportive theory and relatively little generic advice or guidance. The paper describes an effort to provide clarity and organization to the field of participatory ergonomics. A framework has been developed to define ...
Twyman Lance J - - 2002
Catalytic sites can be placed at the core, at interior positions or at the periphery of a dendrimer. There are many examples of the use of peripherally functionalized dendrimers in catalysis and this subject has been thoroughly reviewed in the recent literature. This review is concerned only with dendrimer based ...
Reitz Stuart R - - 2002
Competitive displacement is the most severe outcome of interspecific competition. For the purposes of this review, we define this type of displacement as the removal of a formerly established species from a habitat as a result of direct or indirect competitive interactions with another species. We reviewed the literature for ...
Lemont H - - 2001
The medical literature reveals numerous reports of transient taste disturbance associated with the use of oral terbinafine. A review of these reports, however, fails to confirm taste disturbances by formal taste testing. In this article, a case of long-standing taste dysfunction in a patient who exhibited normal formal taste thresholds ...
Ascoli V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) among bakers and pastry cooks has never been documented. CASE REPORTS: We detected eight cases of MPM in bakers, pastry cooks, and biscuit cooks engaged in making, baking/cooking, and selling pastry/bread in two hospital-based series (Rome and Orbassano/Turin, Italy; period 1990-1997; 222 ...
Costello J - - 2001
This paper provides interim findings from the implementation of peer review of classroom teaching in a large UK University School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting. A total of 258 classroom teaching sessions, involving 129 teaching staff (n=129) were included over a period of 7 months. Teachers had two teaching ...
Damiani P C - - 2001
The spectrofluorometric determination of ibuprofen in pharmaceutical tablets, creams and syrup is described. It involves excitation at 263 nm and emission at 288 nm. the linear range is 2-73 mg L(-1). Other drugs or excipients present in the different formulations do not interfere, except in the case of chlorzoxazone containing ...
Zepf S - - 2001
With a view to establishing an area of metapsychological common ground, the author examines the attempts made by G. S. Klein, Gill and Brenner to interpret Freud's conception of metapsychology. Quoting liberally from the correspondence with Fliess and from works composed at all stages of Freud's career, the author shows ...
Dyken R A - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to gain more information on the assessment of orthodontic treatment using the PAR Index. The PAR Index was used to assess the study casts of 54 cases treated by 5 orthodontists who successfully completed Phase III of the American Board of Orthodontics. These ...
Secrist J A JA - - 2001
Current nomenclature in the area of nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids comprises a mixture of (1) common names that have gained official recognition, (2) guidelines that have been derived and officially recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)/International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB), and ...
Kirby R L - - 2001
We report the case of a patient who had a transtibial amputation and whose wheelchair had been inadvertently fitted with a push-to-lock brake on one side and a pull-to-lock brake on the other. During a standing-pivot transfer from bed to wheelchair, during which the patient thought that she had applied ...
Morley J - - 2001
Accurate use of published data and references is a cornerstone of the peer-review process. Statements, inferences, and conclusions based upon these references should logically ensue from the data they contain. When journal articles and textbook chapters summarizing the safety and efficacy of particular therapies or interventions use references inaccurately or ...
Richichi J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A 14-year-old accidentally inserted a slim fit tampon into her urethra. Such a case could occur again in young teenagers who otherwise have never inserted a tampon and especially have yet to see a gynecologist for their first gynecologic examination. CASE: Accidental insertion of a slim fit tampon into ...
Fallen C T - - 2001
The elastic moduli of fine wires made from MP35N and 304SS used in implantable biomedical devices are assumed to be the same as those published in the literature. However, the cold working required to manufacture the wire significantly alters the elastic moduli of the material. We describe three experiments performed ...
Ebeling H - - 2001
The characteristics of five 11- to 15-year-old patients with somatic symptoms and alexithymia in conjunction with psychological distress are reported. The findings are compared with the existing literature. Preceding somatic disorders and difficulties at school and in peer relationships were found. Family violence was evident in two cases. We postulate ...
Druks J - - 2000
Zurif and Piñango (1999) claimed that they excluded the four agrammatic patients reported by Druks and Marshall (1991) from their review article because two of the patients were nonnative speakers of Hebrew and because the Hebrew sentences we used in our investigations were ungrammatical. In Druks and Marshall (1991) we ...
Vranas P B - - 2000
Gigerenzer has argued that it may be inappropriate to characterize some of the biases identified by Kahneman and Tversky as "errors" or "fallacies," for three reasons: (a) according to frequentists, no norms are appropriate for single-case judgments because single-case probabilities are meaningless; (b) even if single-case probabilities make sense, they ...
Kanaya N - - 2000
We experienced a case of unanticipated difficult intubation with direct laryngoscopy because of narrowing of the retropharyngeal air space and laryngeal vestibulum. It is suggested that three-dimensional computed tomography is useful for evaluating both the abnormality of an airway and its relationship to surrounding tissue.
Hadjistavropoulos T - - 2000
The peer review process, whether formally applied in publication and grant review, or informally, such as exchange of ideas in scientific and professional newsgroups, has sparked controversy. Writers in this area agree that scholarly reviews that are inappropriate in tone are not uncommon. Indeed, commentators have suggested rules and guidelines ...
Iltis A S - - 2000
Bioethical decision-making depends on presuppositions about the function and goal of bioethics. The authors in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy share the assumption that bioethics is about resolving cases, not about moral theory, and that the best method of bioethical decision-making is that which produces useful ...
McEnery K W - - 2000
Professional peer review of random prior radiologist's interpretations is mandated by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). The JCAHO expects documentation of 5% rate of random peer-review cases. Countless hours are spent in departments fulfilling these requirements. The integration of the peer-review process into the radiologist's interpretation ...
Resch K I - - 2000
A study was designed to test the hypothesis that experts who review papers for publication are prejudiced against an unconventional form of therapy. Two versions were produced (A and B) of a 'short report' that related to treatments of obesity, identical except for the nature of the intervention. Version A ...
Tafaro J T - - 2000
In two cases investigated by the New Orleans Police Department Crime Lab, hairs recovered from crime scenes were found to exhibit microscopic postmortem changes in anagen hair roots. These microscopic characteristics were used to associate these hairs with various victims in the cases. In addition to associating questioned hairs with ...
Heifferon B - - 2000
In this paper I argue that rhetorical theory is a valuable tool in medical ethics cases. The case I use as an example is one in which traditional, philosophy-based medical ethics are applied. In this case the traditional ethical approach is not adequate to the task. Key issues and problems ...
Walsh E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Most scientific journals practise anonymous peer review. There is no evidence, however, that this is any better than an open system. AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility of an open peer review system. METHOD: Reviewers for the British Journal of Psychiatry were asked whether they would agree to have their ...
Betteridge K J - - 2000
In the belief that the vitality of a discipline benefits from a knowledge of its roots, events surrounding the first embryo transfer to produce a live calf (by Willett and his colleagues in Wisconsin fifty years ago) have been reviewed. That first success is discussed in the context of those ...
McLachlan H V - - 2000
It is argued by Anderson and also in the Brazier Report that Commercial Surrogate Motherhood (C.S.M.) contracts and agencies should be illegal on the grounds that C.S.M. involves the commodification of both mothers and babies. This paper takes issue with this view and argues that C.S.M. is not inconsistent with ...
Kachur A V - - 1999
We report on the preparation of a hypoxia marker 2-(2-nitroimidazol-1[H]-yl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)acetamide (EF1) and its 18F analog, 2-(2-nitroimidazol-1[H]-yl)-N- (3-[18F]fluoropropyl)acetamide ([18F]-EF1). Two methods for the preparation of 3-fluoropropylamine, the EF1 side chain, are described. [18F]-EF1 was prepared with a radiochemical yield of 2% by nucleophilic substitution of bromine in 2-(2-nitroimidazol-1[H]-yl)-N-(3-bromopropyl)acetamide (EBr1) by carrier-added ...
Wang A R - - 1999
Neurothekeomas are benign, predominantly cutaneous neoplasms that are divided histologically into myxoid, intermediate, and cellular types. Although it is generally agreed that the myxoid type of neurothekeoma has a neural origin, the lack of consistent immunoreactivity to neural markers and insufficient ultrastructural evidence of neural differentiation in cellular neurothekeoma have ...
Gerber A S - - 1999
This paper reports the results of a randomized field experiment involving registered voters in the city of New Haven. Nonpartisan get-out-the-vote messages were delivered through personal canvassing shortly before the November 1998 election. We find that personal canvassing increased voter turnout by approximately 6. The effect of personal contact seems ...
Das Sinha S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The quality of peer reviewing in developing countries is thought to be poor. To examine whether this was so, we compared the performance of Indian and non-Indian reviewers who were sent original and review articles submitted to The National Medical Journal of India. We also tested whether informing reviewers ...
Ingraham J L - - 1999
Reviews of scientific literature began to appear in the 17th century. Journals dedicated to them soon followed, leading eventually to this one, which emerged in the 1930s as Bacteriological Reviews; it adapted to the many changes in our fluid discipline, evolving into the present, much broader Microbiology and Molecular Biology ...
Kelly I M - - 1999
AIM: To report problems in the tethering catheter shaft of the Tempofilter, temporary caval filter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cases are reported where the tethering catheter shaft of the Tempofilter buckled within the jugular vein. RESULTS: Buckling of the tethering shaft caused cephalic migration of the filter into the right ...
van Rooyen S - - 1999
To examine the effect on peer review of asking reviewers to have their identity revealed to the authors of the paper. Randomised trial. Consecutive eligible papers were sent to two reviewers who were randomised to have their identity revealed to the authors or to remain anonymous. Editors and authors were ...
Stehbens W E - - 1999
The peer review system does not always detect fraud, plagiarism, poor quality or gross error and there is editorial reluctance to correct errors or to publish criticisms of sacred cows or 'controversial' or nonconformist views of sceptics and dissident minorities. Mediocrity is thereby perpetuated, with highly innovative science stifled by ...
Takayanagi K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The trauma-injury severity-score (TRISS) methodology was developed in the United States to calculate the probability of survival for trauma patients presenting for emergency care. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the utility of using the TRISS methodology to identify preventable trauma deaths and compared the results to peer review using explicit standards. ...
Callaham M L - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether attendance at a voluntary training workshop improves quality ratings of medical journal peer reviewers. METHODS: Peer reviewers for Annals of Emergency Medicine who completed two or more reviews during the 20 months before or the 20 months after October 1995 were eligible. Reviews were routinely ...
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