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Results 101 - 150 of 414
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Cutas Daniela - - 2007
The paper explores the ethics of post-menopausal motherhood by looking at the case of Adriana Iliescu, the oldest woman ever to have given birth (so far). To this end, I will approach the three most common objections brought against the mother and/or against the team of healthcare professionals who made ...
Fujimoto Mariko - - 2008
This is the first report documenting the responses of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) to seismic activities. During our long-term fieldwork in Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania, a high-intensity earthquake with a Richter magnitude of 6.8 occurred at 15:19 hours local time on 5 December 2005. During the main tremor, ...
Ompad, Danielle C
Peer Reviewed
Wager Elizabeth - - 2007
Several published guidelines urge journal editors to ensure that cases of suspected scientific misconduct are properly investigated. Using cases submitted to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) I tried to discover what editors actually do when faced with such cases. Of the 79 cases referred to COPE between 1998 and ...
Grainger David W - - 2007
The peer-review process remains a central part of the value and validity of scientific and technical publishing and proposal assessment. The peer review mechanism has many delicate components that should function most professionally and effectively for best results. An important central tenet is that all who seek to publish should ...
Gallagher Frank - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A re-assessment of competencies and therefore learning outcomes for higher specialist training in occupational medicine (OM) is being undertaken. Although peer-reviewed literature on the subject exists, it is limited and needs appraisal. AIMS: To search, and critically appraise the peer-reviewed literature on specialist competencies in OM. METHODS: Systematic search ...
Leemann B - - 2007
Polyglot speakers who become aphasics are not necessarily affected to the same extent in each language. In some cases there is a mixing of the different languages or a switching between languages and in very rare cases the switch is to the language seldom if ever used in everyday live. ...
Dharnidharka Vikas R - - 2007
This article continues a series of organ-based reviews in this journal of published recent literature for the benefit of the clinician. The author has compiled and commented upon 25 important articles related to pediatric kidney transplantation that were published in major peer-reviewed journals during the calendar year 2006. This review ...
Schiller Henry J - - 2007
Tigers, as well as other large predators, are being held in private settings with increasing frequency. Unregulated private "zoos" are cropping up in many rural and suburban settings across the country. The number of attacks from captive predators also is on the rise. This case highlights the potentially violent and ...
Grunstein Ronald R - - 2007
Review cases of judicial sleepiness and subsequent outcomes, including media and community attitudes. Index case report and Internet search in English language at 2 recent time points. Index case and 14 other cases of judicial sleepiness reported on the Internet. Qualitative review of media and Internet reports. The index and ...
Mlacic Boris - - 2007
In this article, we describe the factor structure in both self-reports and peer ratings of the items in a cross-cultural Big-Five inventory in Croatia. Using 2 versions of an inventory developed from the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP; Goldberg, 1999), this is one of the first cross-national analyses of these ...
Gravenstein Dietrich - - 2007
We describe three cases of previously unreported failures of the Bag-Ventilator Switch in Aestiva/5 anesthesia machines (GE Healthcare/Datex-Ohmeda, Madison, WI). Each failure mode produced a large breathing-circuit leak. Examination of the switches revealed a cracked toggle actuator, residue build-up, and a cracked selector switch housing as causes for the failures. ...
Haushalter Jeanne P JP Molecular Physics Laboratory, SRI International, CA 94025, - - 2007
We report initial findings for research aimed at creating photostable lanthanide chelate reporters for proximity assays. These reporters take advantage of the nanometer-scale distance dependence of fluorescence enhancement for molecules in the vicinity of noble metal nanoparticles and also capitalize on some unique properties of lanthanide chelates. This approach promises ...
de Bonis Louis - - 2007
We report on the oldest fox (Canidae) ever found in Africa. It is dated to 7 Ma based on the degree of evolution of the whole fauna. It belongs to a new species. Its overall size and some morphological characteristics distinguish the Chadian specimen from all the other foxes. The ...
Swislocki Arthur L M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the history of the transition of bisphosphonate use from bench chemistry to clinical applications. METHODS: Pertinent medical literature, including limited-distribution as well as peer-reviewed publications, was reviewed. RESULTS: Bisphosphonates were originally developed to interfere with calcium deposition. An expanded understanding of bone physiology, as well as a ...
- - 2007
The ACLAM Analgesia Task Force was appointed by ACLAM President Diane Gaertner in 2003. The charge to the Task Force was to develop guidelines that could be used by veterinarians, scientists and IACUCs in helping to provide appropriate assessment and management of pain in rodents, with the understanding that ultimately ...
Pham David Q - - 2007
PURPOSE: The interaction potential between warfarin and cranberry juice is discussed. SUMMARY: Reports from the United Kingdom have raised concern over the interaction potential between cranberry juice and warfarin. Warfarin is the most commonly prescribed oral medication for anticoagulation therapy. Cranberry juice is a flavonoid, which has been shown to ...
Milne C J - - 2007
Jet lag is often cited as a cause of poor sporting performance. We report on the case of a rugby league player who flew 20,000 km and 12 time zones, then repeated the feat a few days later, prior to playing with distinction in an important final match in an ...
Nahar L - - 2007
Since the publication of the review by Li and Dias in 1997, which covered almost all steroid dimers known to us until the early part of 1997, there have been significant amounts of work carried out on steroid dimers, and another review on this topic has long been overdue. Thus, ...
Callaham Michael L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peer review is considered crucial to the selection and publication of quality science, but very little is known about the previous experiences and training that might identify high-quality peer reviewers. The reviewer selection processes of most journals, and thus the qualifications of their reviewers, are ill defined. More objective ...
Stamm Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Head & Face Medicine (HFM) was launched in August 2005 to provide multidisciplinary science in the field of head and face disorders with an open access and open peer review publication platform. The objective of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of submissions, the effectiveness of open peer ...
Triggle Chris R - - 2007
Peer review is an essential component of the process that is universally applied prior to the acceptance of a manuscript, grant or other scholarly work. Most of us willingly accept the responsibilities that come with being a reviewer but how comfortable are we with the process? Peer review is open ...
Cobo Erik - - 2007
Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer ...
Tite Leanne L BMJ Editorial Office, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, - - 2007
Peer reviewers are usually unpaid and their efforts not formally acknowledged. Some journals have difficulty finding appropriate reviewers able to complete timely reviews, resulting in publication delay. A survey of peer reviewers from five biomedical journals was conducted to determine why reviewers decline to review and their opinions on reviewer ...
Nowakowska Zdzisława - - 2007
Chalcones, considered as the precursors of flavonoids and isoflavonoids, are abundant in edible plants, and have also been shown to display a diverse array of pharmacological activities. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the pharmacological activity of synthetic and naturally occurring chalcones. This review is ...
Abbasi Tasneem - - 2007
Dust explosions pose the most serious and widespread of explosion hazards in the process industry alongside vapour cloud explosions (VCE) and boiling liquid expanding vapour explosions (BLEVE). Dust explosions almost always lead to serious financial losses in terms of damage to facilities and down time. They also often cause serious ...
Bernstein Max - - 2006
One of the greatest puzzles of all time is how did life arise? It has been universally presumed that life arose in a soup rich in carbon compounds, but from where did these organic molecules come? In this article, I will review proposed terrestrial sources of prebiotic organic molecules, such ...
Phillips Patrick J - - 2006
'I've got these ugly red blotches on my legs and they are getting worse?' Lisa, 32 years of age, is an accountant who always presents herself meticulously. You can understand why she doesn't like the raised red brown blotches on her shins. The lesions are raised, indurated with follicular accentuation. ...
Colletti, Lisa M.
Peer Reviewed
Fujiwara Takashi T Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine and Osaka Police Hospital, Japan. - - 2006
The epicanthal fold, which is peculiar to East Asians, forms an arch across the medial canthus in parallel with the nose. It is often accompanied by entropion of the medial eyelid. Although many surgical procedures have been described for correction of the epicanthal fold, none has reported a procedure to ...
Hale Michelle S - - 2006
Thingstad et al. (Reports, 12 August 2005, p. 1068) reported that in situ mesoscale phosphorus enrichment of the eastern Mediterranean Sea altered selected biological parameters and concluded that the added phosphorus was rapidly transferred from bacteria to mesozooplankton. However, because of a lack of replication and a misinterpretation of their ...
Padanilam Benzy J - - 2006
We report a case of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) using a concealed para-Hisian accessory pathway for retrograde conduction, which also required anterograde conduction over the AV nodal slow pathway to maintain the tachycardia. The shortest VA interval during AVRT (70 ms) was noted at a site with His bundle electrogram ...
Likosky Donald S - - 2006
In this editorial, I shall describe methods commonly used for synthesizing evidence and review some contemporary examples of how this methodology has been applied to the peer-reviewed literature. It is my hope that the reader will find this interesting, but more importantly useful as you find yourself reading the evermore ...
Blackburn Jessica L - - 2006
Peer-review ratings of 1,983 posters submitted for three annual conferences of a professional society were examined for evidence of bias. Hypotheses derived from the literature on the better-than-average effect were tested by analyzing 7,383 sets of ratings. Reviewers who authored posters gave lower average ratings than reviewers who did not ...
Jeffree Ross A - - 2006
Encased embryos of spotted dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula absorbed six radio-isotopes (241Am, 109Cd, 57Co, 134Cs, 54Mn and 65Zn) directly from seawater during short-term experimental exposure, demonstrating the permeability of the egg-case to these contaminants. Embryo to water concentration factors (CFs) ranged from 0.14 for 134Cs to 7.4 for 65Zn. The 65Zn ...
Peak Amy Sutton - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To identify board examination preparation tools most commonly used by recent pharmacy graduates and determine which tools are perceived as most valuable and representative of the actual content of licensure examinations. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all 2004 graduates of colleges of pharmacy in Indiana. Participants identified ...
Mayo Nancy E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a persistent degree of uncertainty and dissatisfaction with the peer review process underlining the need to validate the current grant awarding procedures. This study compared the CLassic Structured Scientific In-depth two reviewer critique (CLASSIC) with an all panel members' independent ranking method (RANKING). Eleven reviewers, ...
Netto Marcelo V - - 2006
PURPOSE: To provide an evidence-based overview of wavefront-guided refractive surgery outcomes, benefits, and limitations. DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Review of FDA study reports and indexed, peer-reviewed literature. RESULTS: More than 400 reports investigating wavefront applications in refractive surgery exist, but studies comparing the outcomes of wavefront-guided treatment with conventional treatment ...
Kopecka Justyna - - 2006
In the framework of the EU funded BEEP project a set of biomarkers, gross morphometric indices and tissue concentrations of selected organic pollutants were measured in flounder (Platichthys flesus) and mussels (Mytilus trossulus) collected twice a year (April and October) from three sites in the inner Gulf of Gdańsk between ...
Wenban Adrian B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The misuse of the title 'chiropractor' and term 'chiropractic manipulation', in relation to injury associated with cervical spine manipulation, have previously been reported in the peer-reviewed literature. The objectives of this study were to--1) Prospectively monitor the peer-reviewed literature for papers reporting an association between chiropractic, or chiropractic manipulation, ...
Green Bart N - - 2006
This paper describes how and why to write a case report for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the Index to Chiropractic Literature were searched from 2000 through September 2006 using the following search terms: case report, authorship, peer ...
Davis Ray S - - 2006
The following case was presented at the Eastern Allergy Conference May 2005 to each of four small group sessions in an attempt to incorporate problem-based learning (PBL) into the curriculum of the conference for the first time in its 18-year history. Before this, the format had always been non-stop lectures ...
Liao S Matthew - - 2006
In the debate regarding the moral status of human embryos, the Embryo Rescue Case has been used to suggest that embryos are not rightholders. This case is premised on the idea that in a situation where one has a choice between saving some number of embryos or a child, it ...
Hilliard Russell E - - 2006
The review of literature provides an overview of both qualitative and quantitative research studies in the area of pediatric oncology music therapy. A total of 12 studies were reviewed. Eight used qualitative and four used quantitative research methods. All articles were published in peer-reviewed journals. This review summarizes the use ...
Eek Frida Carlsson - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present analysis was to examine the prevalence and intraindividual stability of negative awakening responses in a healthy study population. Furthermore, it was of interest to elucidate the extent to which self-reported stress, sleep disturbances, or delay between awakening and the first salivary sample could explain ...
Bracchini Luca - - 2006
Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) is an important component in freshwater and marine ecosystems and plays direct and indirect role in biogeochemical cycles. CDOM originates from the degradation process of organic materials, usually macrophytes and planktons. The present work examines the importance of wetland derived CDOM on the optical and ...
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