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Schroter Sara - - 2010
The objectives of this research were (a) to describe the current status of grant review for biomedical projects and programmes from the perspectives of international funding organisations and grant reviewers, and (b) to explore funders' interest in developing uniform requirements for grant review aimed at making the processes and practices ...
Mahawar Kamal Kumar - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to collect the opinions of a cross section of published authors on current practices concerning peer review in biomedical publishing. A questionnaire on various aspects of peer review was emailed to authors, whose manuscripts were published in Gut or the British Journal of Surgery ...
Marques Yonara Maria Freire Soares - - 2009
Chondrosarcoma is a malignant cartilaginous tumor that rarely occurs in the maxillofacial bones. A 44-year-old woman complained about swelling and mild pain during mastication in the right parasymphysis region. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed characteristics of osteosarcoma. A microscopic examination revealed an abundant proliferation of malignant neoplastic cartilage cells of ...
Roorda Sjoerd - - 2009
A recent publication in this journal (Gordon and Poulin, 2009) argues that the cost of the NSERC peer review exceeds the cost of giving every researcher a $30,000 baseline grant. However, the authors overestimated the ratio of peer review expenses to baseline grant cost by a factor of 26. The ...
Duff Kevin - - 2009
The peer-review process is an invaluable service provided by the professional community, and it provides the critical foundation for the advancement of science. However, there is remarkably little systematic guidance for individuals who wish to become part of this process. This paper, written from the perspective of reviewers and editors ...
Anraku Ayako - - 2009
PURPOSE: To survey the disclosure policy for authors, peer reviewers, and editors in English-language ophthalmology journals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: English-language ophthalmology journals. METHODS: All indexed English-language ophthalmology journals were identified. The journals' websites were reviewed for published conflict-of-interest disclosure policies for authors, peer reviewers, and editors. In cases where ...
Bender Leila C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical peer review might be characterized by assessment heterogeneity. METHODS: We performed a prospective, anonymous, peer review of surgeon and system performance during a morbidity and mortality conference. RESULTS: Twenty-two cases were reviewed by a mean of 48.9 respondents each, including attendings, fellows, and residents. A mean of 50% ...
Egilman David - - 2009
Scientific evidence and analysis offered in litigation and public policy testimony have an important role in occupational and environmental health, but are not subject to peer review. Critique and commentary, attempts at reproduction of results, and review of data offered in such testimony is essential. Peer review of such testimony ...
Freda Margaret Comerford - - 2009
TOPIC: Nursing journals depend on the services of peer reviewers for their expertise in research and clinical practice. Although some research has been done with peer reviewers of biomedical journals, to date, our knowledge about reviewers of nursing journals is minimal. METHODS: In this international survey of 1,675 reviewers for ...
Isenberg S J - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effect of masking the author's identity to peer reviewers on reviewer bias in an ophthalmic subspecialty journal. DESIGN: A retrospective study of 531 manuscripts, involving 1182 masked reviews, submitted to Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus from 2000 to 2005. METHODS: Data were ...
Kimble Matthew O - - 2009
The modified Stroop effect (MSE), in which participants show delayed colour naming to trauma-specific words, is one of the most widely cited findings in the literature pertaining to cognitive bias in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study used a novel approach (Dissertation Abstract Review; DAR) to review the presence ...
Doherty Michael E - - 2009
Scatterplots are typically constructed for the purpose of showing the association between two variables. We argue that such scatterplots should not vary in ways that are unrelated to the degree of association. Noting that the publication standards for the preparation of scatterplots are minimal, we review empirical literature that shows ...
Morris Jonathan C - - 2009
An overview of marine natural products synthesis during 2007 is provided. As with earlier installments in this series, the emphasis is on total syntheses of molecules of contemporary interest, new total syntheses, and syntheses that have resulted in structure confirmation or stereochemical assignments.1 Introduction, 2 Review articles, 3 Azaspiracid, 4 ...
McAloon Christopher James - - 2009
Aorto-enteric fistula (AEF) is an uncommon but potentially fatal condition that is important to identify early because early diagnosis and aggressive management can reduce mortality. We report the case of a 73-year-old man with a history of aorto-bifemoral bypass grafting who was admitted for investigation of tiredness and lethargy. He ...
Saper Clifford B - - 2009
The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC) was conceived in the summer of 2007 at a meeting of editors and publishers of neuroscience journals. One of the working groups addressed whether it was possible to construct a system for permitting authors whose manuscript received supportive reviews at one journal but was ...
Yaffe Michael B - - 2009
The peer-review process can be improved by having reviewers focus on improving the work rather than simply noting its flaws.
Chatburn Robert L - - 2009
A wide variety of ventilators and modes can be used to deliver noninvasive ventilation (NIV). To navigate successfully through the many options, the clinician must first have a clear understanding of the goals of mechanical ventilation: namely, safety, comfort, and timely liberation. Examining the specific objectives associated with these goals, ...
Murie Jill - - 2009
GP appraisal may, in future, have to include objective and verifiable elements. This condition could be achieved by developing peer review of core areas of clinical practice. The setting for the study was two regions of NHS Education for Scotland (NES) without existing peer review systems (Figure 1). The South ...
Lopes Maria Cristina - - 2008
A leaf blight of carrot (Daucus carota) caused by Alternaria dauci was found in Alentejo (Ourique, Portugal). Morphological characteristics of the fungus are described.
Richardson Michael L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine whether the number of invitations extended to American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) reviewers is biased toward reviewers with last names that start with early letters of the alphabet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data for this study were extracted from the database of Editorial ...
Ehrenberg Alexandra - - 2008
We examined the role of personality and self-esteem in university students' (N = 200) use of communication technologies. More disagreeable individuals spent increased time on calls, whereas extraverted and neurotic individuals reported increased time spent text messaging. More disagreeable individuals and those with lower self-esteem spent increased time using instant ...
Nesbitt Leslie M - - 2008
Open-ended or closed-ended case study design schemes offer different educational advantages. Anatomy and physiology faculty members who participated in a conference workshop were given an identical case about blood doping and asked to build either an open-ended study or a closed-ended study. The workshop participants created a rich array of ...
Han Li-Feng - - 2008
Four triterpenoid saponins were isolated from Albizziae cortex, and a complete assignment of their (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra was carried out using 1D and 2D NMR ((1)H-(1)H COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and HSQC-TOCSY) methods. Their (1)H NMR assignments were reported for the first time and some of their (13)C NMR ...
Froese Duane G - - 2008
Climate models predict extensive and severe degradation of permafrost in response to global warming, with a potential for release of large volumes of stored carbon. However, the accuracy of these models is difficult to evaluate because little is known of the history of permafrost and its response to past warm ...
Lange Carlos E - - 2008
We report an additional case of long-term persistence of Paranosema locustae in grasshoppers of Argentina. The pathogen was introduced from North America on rangeland at Loncopué, Neuquén province. Microsporidia were not detected in pre-introduction samples whereas infected grasshoppers were found 11 years after introduction. Affected grasshoppers were the melanoplines Dichroplus ...
Santanilla Jairo I - - 2008
Over the past several years, there has been an introduction of numerous modes of mechanical ventilation, each with their own advantages and limitations. This article reviews the common modes of mechanical ventilation, new technologies, and specific ventilator strategies that have been shown to be beneficial. In addition, it reviews the ...
- - 2008
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its medical device reporting regulations to remove a requirement for baseline reports that the agency deems no longer necessary. Currently, manufacturers provide baseline reports to FDA that include the FDA product code and the premarket approval or premarket notification number. Because most ...
Wang Ying - - 2008
We report a new approach to adjust and improve nanostructures after their initial fabrication, which can reduce the trench width and hole diameter to sub-10 nm, while smoothing edge roughness and perfecting pattern shapes. In this method, termed pressed self-perfection by liquefaction (P-SPEL), a flat guiding plate is pressed on ...
Donaldson Theodore - - 2008
Expert witnesses in sexually violent predator (SVP) cases often rely on actuarial instruments to make risk determinations. Many questions surround their use, however. Bayes's Theorem holds much promise for addressing these questions. Some experts nonetheless claim that Bayesian analyses are inadmissible in SVP cases because they are not accepted by ...
- - 2008
With great appreciation for their enthusiasm, dedication, and support, we acknowledge our colleagues who performed peer review for Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM) in 2007. Without their hard work, AEM would not be able to present our readers with excellent original research and academic contributions. Their talent, thoughtfulness and responsiveness have ...
Souto E B - - 2008
A detailed review of the literature is presented in attempts to emphasize several advantages of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) for cosmetic applications. Examples of several actives are given and the main features of the solid core of SLN and NLC for topical delivery of cosmetics ...
Khera Pooja - - 2008
Anemic-appearing macules of the extremities that fluctuate with temperature and position have been referred to as Bier spots. After review of the literature and innumerable clinical presentations, we propose that the best description and better nomenclature is physiologic anemic macules. We present the case of a 27-year-old woman with physiologic ...
Johnson Claire - - 2008
Peer review is an essential component of scholarly activity that provides guidance for, and increases the quality of, manuscript processing. This is a brief update about selected peer review outcome measures for the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. This editorial evaluates the number of reviewers assigned to each manuscript ...
Williams David L - - 2008
Extraocular myositis is a rare condition in the dog and is poorly reported in the peer-reviewed veterinary literature. This case series and review are designed to be of value to those veterinary ophthalmologists seeking to investigate the disease further and also to veterinarians outside the specialty, for whom this may ...
Giraud Tatiana - - 2008
In this review on fungal speciation, we first contrast the issues of species definition and species criteria and show that by distinguishing the two concepts the approaches to studying the speciation can be clarified. We then review recent developments in the understanding of modes of speciation in fungi. Allopatric speciation ...
Litle Virginia R - - 2008
Achalasia is a rare primary motility disorder of the esophagus with a United States prevalence of less than 0.001%. Laparoscopic modified Heller myotomy has become the standard of care for palliation of this incurable but benign disease. The role of a fundoplication with the myotomy continues to be controversial. This ...
Nahata Milap C - - 2008
Peer reviewed publications are the primary source of important new information. This editorial provides tips for writing various sections of research papers, review articles, and case reports. Additional topics discussed include making decisions about authorship, selecting a journal for submission of an article, understanding the peer review process and expectations ...
Gedanken Aharon - - 2008
In 1990, Suslick and co-workers developed a method in which they used high-intensity ultrasound to make aqueous suspensions of proteinaceous microcapsules filled with water-insoluble liquids, and demonstrated the chemical mechanism of their formation. Suslick's paper opened up a new field that is reviewed in the current manuscript, and this article ...
Moss Jacob A - - 2008
This article examines halakhic (Jewish legal) passages that relate to homosexuality and marriage between two males. The article sets forth the respective positions of contemporary Jewish denominations in regard to homosexual marriage. Homosexual marriage is a case of first impression in Judaism and requires new decisions and new marriage contracts. ...
Janjua Shahbaz A - - 2008
Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans is a rare, X-linked disorder characterized by scarring alopecia of the scalp and eyebrows in the setting of widespread keratosis pilaris. Less frequent associations are ocular abnormalities and palmoplantar keratoderma. Acne keloidalis nuchae has previously been described in one patient with keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans. We ...
Kaplan David - - 2008
The Working Group on Peer Review of the Advisory Committee to the Director of NIH has recommended that at least 4 reviewers should be used to assess each grant application. A sample size analysis of the number of reviewers needed to evaluate grant applications reveals that a substantially larger number ...
Ben Hamida Azza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a distinct and aggressive form of locally-advanced breast cancer with high metastatic potential. In Tunisia, IBC is associated with a high death rate. Among the major molecular subtypes, basal breast carcinomas are poorly differentiated, have metastatic potential and poor prognosis, but respond relatively well ...
Wortmann Jennifer H - - 2008
Surprisingly little research has examined the widely held assumption that religion and spirituality are generally helpful in adjusting to bereavement. A systematic literature search located 73 empirical articles that examined religion/spirituality in the context of bereavement. The authors describe the multidimensional nature of religion/spirituality and use this framework to organize ...
Grod Olyana N - - 2008
The characteristics of referees and the potential subsequent effects on the peer-review process are an important consideration for science since the integrity of the system depends on the appropriate evaluation of merit. In 2006, we conducted an online survey of 1334 ecologists and evolutionary biologists pertaining to the review process. ...
Wilmer Jeremy B JB Vision Sciences, SUNY State College of Optometry, 33 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, USA. - - 2008
Autostereograms--commonly known as Magic Eye stereograms (MESs)--are two-dimensional images that support stereoscopic depth perception given an appropriate crossing or uncrossing of the eyes. We find that self-reported MES skill is highly predictive of stereoacuity as measured by a standard clinical test (r142 = 0.45, p < 0.0001; TNO test). Indeed, ...
Thomson Allan D - - 2008
AIMS: A translation into English of the case history section of Carl Wernicke's original manuscript of 1881, with a discussion on its relevance for clinicians today. METHODS: A copy of Carl Wernicke's original German text was obtained by one of the authors (CCHC) and translated into English from the old ...
Narurkar Vic A - - 2007
Skin resurfacing can be divided into nonablative, nonablative fractional, ablative fractional, and traditional ablative categories. Nonablative technologies have yielded inconsistent and unimpressive results, whereas ablative technologies, although generally clinically effective, are losing momentum as a result of prolonged recovery times, risks for hypopigmentation, limitation in lighter skin types, and the ...
Budden Amber E - - 2008
Double-blind peer review, in which neither author nor reviewer identity are revealed, is rarely practised in ecology or evolution journals. However, in 2001, double-blind review was introduced by the journal Behavioral Ecology. Following this policy change, there was a significant increase in female first-authored papers, a pattern not observed in ...
Cutas Daniela - - 2007
The paper explores the ethics of post-menopausal motherhood by looking at the case of Adriana Iliescu, the oldest woman ever to have given birth (so far). To this end, I will approach the three most common objections brought against the mother and/or against the team of healthcare professionals who made ...
Fujimoto Mariko - - 2008
This is the first report documenting the responses of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) to seismic activities. During our long-term fieldwork in Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania, a high-intensity earthquake with a Richter magnitude of 6.8 occurred at 15:19 hours local time on 5 December 2005. During the main tremor, ...
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