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Results 351 - 400 of 567
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Bennett M I - - 1994
Staphylococcal meningitis associated with implantation of an intrathecal drug pump for spasticity was successfully treated by intrathecal vancomycin delivered by the same pump. This produced high CSF antibiotic levels, and the pump and catheter system did not have to be removed. We are unable to identify a similar case reported ...
Jones D N - - 1994
A case report of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP); also known as bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is presented. The histopathologic findings of COP are well documented in the literature and typically consist of organizing pneumonia of uniform appearance. This case report describes, in addition to the classic findings, more acute ...
Yeldandi A V - - 1994
Most histopathologic descriptions of influenza pneumonia are based on autopsy findings in fatal cases during epidemics and pandemics of influenza. We describe the histologic findings of influenza pneumonia observed in biopsy material derived from six sporadic cases of influenza (influenza A, four cases; influenza B, one case; and influenza A ...
Lodge-Rigal R D - - 1994
Hypersegmented neutrophils can occasionally be seen in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with acute pyogenic meningitis, and rarely as an artifact of cytocentrifugation. We report a case of florid neutrophil hypersegmentation in cytocentrifuged CSF specimens from a patient presenting with anemia and mental status changes. Megaloblastic anemia was excluded ...
Tashiro, Takayoshi
A 69-year-old female complaining of fever, cough and dyspnea was admitted to our hospital. Chest X-ray examination showed bilateral infiltration shadows that increased in spite of antibiotics therapy. Broncho-alveolar lavage fluid analysis demonstrated an increased lymphocytes with an inverted CD4/CD8 ratio. Histopathology of lung biopsy specimens showed organizing granulation tissue ...
Parras F - - 1993
In recent years, Aeromonas species has been reported to cause extraintestinal infections with a growing frequency. Meningitis due to Aeromonas species is, however, a rare entity. We report a case of aeromonas meningitis in a 54-year-old man with a history of chronic alcoholic liver disease who, after an episode of ...
Oka S - - 1993
In order to evaluate the usefulness of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis and monitoring of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in specimens obtained from non-invasive techniques, expectorated or induced sputa were collected from 30 patients who were tentatively diagnosed as having PCP and administered intravenous trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Using appropriate criteria, ...
Patel R - - 1993
Enterococcus avium, formerly "group Q streptococcus," has rarely been reported as a pathogen in humans. To determine the clinical significance of this organism, we reviewed the records of all patients whose blood cultures were positive for E. avium who were seen at our institution from 1986 through 1991 and identified ...
Eggen P J - - 1993
Discitis after intradiscal injection of chymodiactin is nearly always associated with an infection introduced by the needle tip. The authors report a patient with a postchemonucleolysis spondylodiscitis who recovered complete without surgery or antibiotics. The clinical findings and results of CRP and MRI suggested an aseptic spondylodiscitis due to chymodiactin.
Cieslak T J - - 1993
Although we have reported the first case of Staphylococcus aureus meningitis due to pyogenic arthritis of the sacroiliac joint, this finding is actually not surprising, given the strong association between this form of meningitis and underlying bone, joint, and soft tissue infections. The physician faced with a case of meningitis ...
Schmidt M E - - 1993
Endophthalmitis due to gram-negative bacilli has been associated with a high degree of vision loss. We report three cases due to the nonenteric gram-negative bacilli Moraxella nonliquefaciens, Haemophilus paraphrophilus, and multidrug-resistant Haemophilus influenzae. The features of these cases are compared with those of other reported cases of endophthalmitis due to ...
Watanabe T - - 1993
Anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) are concerned with many central nervous system diseases in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, no report has described the relationship between aseptic meningitis and aPL in SLE. We report a case of SLE with aPL, presenting cerebral infarction and aseptic meningitis. A 14 year old female with ...
Ault K A - - 1993
Haemophilus influenzae is an uncommon cause of obstetric and neonatal infections. Three cases of amnionitis caused by H. influenzae are presented. These cases occurred in three maternal transports to our tertiary level hospital within an 11-day period. The organisms were analyzed for biotypes, penicillinase status, and composition of membrane fatty ...
Pappas D G DG - - 1993
Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is the result of transdural communication between the subarachnoid space and the skull base. A transdural fistula may originate from the anterior, middle, or posterior cranial compartments. All skull-base sites of leakage potentially lead to the nasal cavity. Recurrent meningitis is commonly associated with such a direct ...
Kadakia J - - 1993
Pneumocystis carinii is the most frequent manifestation of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Typical histologic findings include foamy, acellular eosinophilic intra-alveolar exudate in which the cysts of the organisms are readily demonstrated with silver stains. Granuloma formation is rare. Only nine such cases have been described in the English literature. ...
Johnson F Y - - 1993
A case of a manic episode secondary to cryptococcal meningitis is reported. Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common cause of chronic meningitis in adults in Papua New Guinea and may rarely present with features of functional psychosis. Laboratory investigations on the cerebrospinal fluid such as the India ink smear and ...
Vranković D - - 1993
The classification of anterior fossa fractures with their sequelae: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, pneumocephalus, or meningitis is presented. This classification is based on five selection criteria which are discussed in this paper. This classification resulted in the table of indications for operative treatment, according to which the appropriate time for ...
Cuevas L E - - 1993
The Meningitis Hypertext Case Study is a computer-assisted learning module developed by the Liverpool Epidemiology Programme as part of a comprehensive set of modules and case studies to assist health workers to learn epidemiology. The objectives of the case study are to highlight important concepts in diagnosing an epidemic of ...
Sarmiento R - - 1993
A case of group B streptococcal meningitis in an adult is presented with a review of 42 other cases reported in the English literature since 1940. Their median age was 58 years (72.5% were older than 45 years). Male/female ratio was 0.9:1, with male predominance in patients older than 60 ...
Levin A S - - 1993
Legionella sp has been emerging over the last decade as an important cause of pneumonia both hospital and community-acquired. Following an outbreak in a Renal-Transplant Unit stocked serum was tested for antibodies against Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, and 5 cases of Legionnaires' Disease were reviewed. Two of the cases were ...
Reinert P - - 1993
Results are reported of an epidemiological study which spanned ten years and was carried out in two French departments. A total of 277 cases of Hib disease occurring in children < 5 years old are reported and, in this age group, the incidence is evaluated at 21/100,000. Meningitis accounted for ...
Jacobs J A - - 1993
This paper reports a case of fatal meningitis caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum in a previously healthy five-year-old child. The organism was isolated in pure culture from the cerebrospinal fluid and from intracranial pus obtained at autopsy. The role of F. necrophorum in the development of meningitis is reaffirmed ...
Luby J P - - 1992
Infections of the central nervous system are common, serious medical conditions. One hundred consecutive adult cases with purulent meningitis of known etiology encountered by the Medical Service at Parkland Memorial Hospital were reviewed. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most common pathogen (56 cases), followed by Neisseria meningitidis (16 cases) and Listeria ...
Dupas D - - 1992
Meningitis caused by Streptococcus suis type 2, a rare disease first recognized in 1968 (108 cases worldwide in 1989), is contracted by occupational exposure to pigs and often results in very severe disabilities (definitive deafness and ataxia in 50% of cases). We report the case of an employee in a ...
Kumar R - - 1992
A retrospective study was carried out at Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana (Punjab) during the period from January 1985 to June 1990 to know the incidence of meningococcal meningitis. Meningococcal etiology was established in 170 (49.41%) cases out of 344 cases of bacterial meningitis. Out of 170 cases of ...
Lin M S - - 1992
Sonographic characteristics of various chest diseases in 154 cases were analysed according to margin of the lesion, internal echogenecity, posterior echo enhancement, air bronchogram etc. We intended to present the basic sonographic patterns of common chest diseases. The study included 10 normal cases, 10 cases with lung abscesses, 31 cases ...
da Silva L J - - 1992
Listeriosis is a not uncommon infection in humans, usually associated with immunodeficient states and with newborns. However, relatively few cases have been reported in HIV-infected patients. This scarcity of reported cases has aroused interest in the association of listeriosis and AIDS. In this paper we present a case of meningitis ...
Chen C W - - 1992
Bacteremic pneumonia is a highly specified subgroup of pneumonia that is potentially life-threatening. In order to find out the prognostic factors in this subgroup of pneumonia, we conducted a 40-month retrospective analysis of 70 cases in our hospital. The male to female ratio was 54:16. Forty-one cases were community-acquired bacteremic ...
Aquino V - - 1992
Uvulitis is an uncommonly reported disorder with the potential for significant morbidity. We describe three cases of uvulitis seen within a six month period in our emergency department. In two cases with respiratory distress, but without epiglottitis, Haemophilus influenzae was isolated from throat or blood cultures. The third case was ...
Marinac J S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this article is to provide readers with case reports of drug- or chemical-induced aseptic meningitis (DCAM) described in the medical literature. Background information regarding the classification of DCAM, incidence, proposed mechanisms, associated risk factors, clinical management, and sequelae is presented. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search ...
Rouse A R - - 1992
The case fatality rate for meningococcal meningitis has changed little in recent years. A study of persons admitted to hospital in Bristol with suspected meningitis found that only five of the 41 cases admitted in 1991 were given penicillin prior to admission. Possible reasons for this include lack of awareness ...
Buchheit J - - 1992
Acute, noninfectious, eosinophilic pneumonia with respiratory failure has been described in adults. This new form of eosinophilic lung disease differs from the previously described types of eosinophilic pneumonia. Patients with this entity develop rapid progressive respiratory failure, which seems to respond to corticosteroid therapy. Eosinophilia in lung biopsy specimen, or ...
Lalloo U G UG Department of Medicine, University of Natal, - - 1992
Nine cases, 3 adults and 6 children, with Listeria monocytogenes meningitis were seen over a 10-year period at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban. These cases accounted for 0.8% (3/374) and 0.6% (6/1,210) of all culture-positive cases of acute bacterial meningitis in adults and children, respectively, and represented 2.9% (4/136) of ...
Kasantikul D - - 1992
We report a case of encephalitis in a 32-year-old woman who initially developed a schizophreniform disorder. The symptoms were further complicated by abnormal movements, dysphagia, progressive weight loss, and aspiration pneumonia. At necropsy, the lesion was noted in various parts of cerebrum and brainstem. Such unusual presentation in patient with ...
Van Erps J - - 1992
A male adolescent with a history of pharyngitis developed meningitis due to Kingella kingae. This is a Gram-negative coccobacillus belonging to the family of Neisseriaceae. It is a rarely reported human pathogen, from which only 2 cases of meningitis have been described up to the present day. Our patient developed ...
Woo J H - - 1992
We report a case of nosocomial legionellosis in a 63 year-old man who was managed with neurosurgery under the diagnosis of subarachnoidal hemorrhage and complicated pneumonia in the intensive care unit. A legionella species was reported from sputum culture and direct immunofluorescent antibody test revealed L. pneumophila (serogroup 2). Our ...
Johnsson H - - 1992
Pneumococci (Streptococcus pneumoniae) infrequently cause neonatal septicemia. An increased number of cases have been reported in recent years, but no increase in the relative incidence among neonatal infections has been noted. Two recent cases that occurred within a short period of time are described. They were found to exhibit most ...
Lawlor M T - - 1992
Although Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the most common cause of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia, its involvement in skin infection is notably infrequent. A review of the literature uncovered only 13 cases of pneumococcal cellulitis in adults. Distinguishing features of skin infection by S. pneumoniae included the presence of bullae, brawny erythema, and ...
Mermel L A - - 1992
Serratia odorifera biovar 1 has been infrequently isolated from humans, and infection caused by this organism rarely has been documented. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of nosocomial sepsis due to S. odorifera biovar 1 and review the literature for which English-language abstracts were available on ...
Gogos C A - - 1992
Pneumonia is a rare but serious and occasionally fatal complication of varicella. Two cases of varicella pneumonia were successfully treated with acyclovir in our department. We reviewed the pulmonary manifestations of varicella, the risk factors and the effect of acyclovir on varicella pneumonia on immunocompetent adults. Early, aggressive therapy with ...
Kim K H - - 1991
In severe combined immunodeficiency disease, both T and B cell functions are diminished or absent and affected usually succumb to overwhelming infection within the first year of life. We are reporting a case with severe combined immunodeficiency, Swiss type who suffered from interstitial pneumonia which cleared by treatment with recombinant ...
Elwood L J - - 1991
We describe the cytologic appearance of Pneumocystis carinii in pleural fluid of a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and a rapidly accumulating pleural effusion. The diagnosis of P carinii infection was made by examination of air-dried, Diff-Quik-stained Cytospin preparations of the pleural fluid. The diagnostic appearances of P carinii organisms ...
Stotka J L - - 1991
Neisseria mucosa is a species of gram-negative cocci that has a characteristic mucoid, adherent colonial morphology and includes pigmented and nonpigmented morphotypes. The ability of N. mucosa to reduce nitrates distinguishes it from other Neisseria species. N. mucosa is part of the normal human nasopharyngeal flora and infrequently causes human ...
Dammeijer P F - - 1991
A case of Pasteurella multocida meningitis, following a mastoidectomy is presented. The association of close contact with pets, many of which harbour Pasteurella multocida as part of their normal buccal flora. This case confirms the potential benefit of taking an ear swab prior to mastoid surgery and in seeking an ...
Lotshaw R R - - 1991
Varicella pneumonia is a relatively rare disease in the reproductive-aged woman, but has a reported 41 percent maternal mortality rate in pregnancy. Seventeen cases managed with intraveneous acyclovir are reviewed. We report successful management with the unpublished addition of oral acyclovir to complete antiviral therapy on an outpatient basis.
Amir J - - 1991
Disk inflammation in children is believed to result from infection, and Staphylococcus aureus is reported to be the organism most commonly isolated from cases of intervertebral disk infection. A case of disk inflammation caused by the unusual pathogen Kingella kingae is described. The antibiotic susceptibility of other K. kingae isolates ...
Theccanat G - - 1991
A case of Serratia marcescens meningitis in a 66-year-old man is reported. The infection occurred 4 weeks after apparently successful otic surgery, and a nidus of infection in the middle ear was established at autopsy. This is the second case of S. marcescens meningitis following ear surgery reported in the ...
Korvick J A - - 1991
A classic clinical and radiographic picture of Klebsiella pneumonia has emerged in the literature. Patients are typically male, older than 48 years, and have a history of chronic alcoholism. The majority of these pneumonias are community acquired. Bulging interlobar fissures and cavitation are radiographic findings said to be distinctive for ...
Aronson S M - - 1991
There were 667 recorded cases of bacterial meningitis in the hospitals of Rhode Island during the ten year interval of 1976 to 1985 yielding an average annual incidence rate of 6.9 cases per 100,000 population, and a case fatality rate of 10.3%. These rates are similar to those generated in ...
Jay V - - 1991
Except for isolated case reports, blastomycosis has not been identified as a significant problem in immunosuppressed patients. We describe an unusual case with blastomycotic infection of a cerebral glioma in a 56-year-old man who underwent radiotherapy for his tumor and died of fulminant blastomycotic pneumonia. This is believed to be ...
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