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Results 201 - 250 of 568
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Minagar Alireza - - 2003
The Edwin Smith surgical papyrus, which dates back nearly five millennia, is the oldest known medical text and contains the first written example of the word "brain", as well as the earliest known descriptions of the meninges and the cerebrospinal fluid. The papyrus describes 48 cases and gives the first ...
Barnes Brian J - - 2003
A 55-year-old woman was found unresponsive and subsequently was diagnosed with a subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a right posterior communicating artery aneurysm. The development of hydrocephalus and decreased mental status necessitated placement of an intraventricular catheter; 18 days later she was diagnosed with Enterobacter cloacae ventriculitis. After treatment was begun ...
Sun A-Ping - - 2003
AIMS: Hyaline membrane (HM) in diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern is frequently detected in the acute stage of interstitial pneumonia (IP). To determine the exact nature of HM, we investigated immunohistochemically 25 cases of HM-containing IP. METHODS: The cases examined using various kinds of antibodies were four cases associated with ...
Deshmukh Sanjay D - - 2003
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) has been reported as one of the opportunistic pathogens in AIDS. The significance of this pathogen in AIDS is well established so that, the diagnosis of PCP in an adult simultaneously establishes the diagnosis of AIDS. This point is well emphasised in the CDC case definition ...
Shaikh Shams uddin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reasons for paradoxical increase in cases of meningitis in the summer of the year 2001. DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Medical Unit III, Peoples Medical College Hospital, Nawabshah, Pakistan, from 1st January, 2001 to 31st December, 2001. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total ...
Winner Jamie S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of Pasteurella multocida cellulitis and bacteremia treated successfully with aztreonam. CASE SUMMARY: An 81-year-old white man with multiple antibiotic allergies was admitted with severe cellulitis of the left arm and bacteremia due to P. multocida. The patient was treated for 14 days with aztreonam and ...
Fisk David T - - 2003
We review Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients in the developing world (i.e., Africa, Asia, the Philippines, and Central and South America) who have acquired immunodeficiency disease (AIDS). During the first decade of the AIDS pandemic, PCP rarely occurred in African adults. More recent reports have noted that PCP comprises ...
Katzenstein Anna-Luise A - - 2002
The pathologic findings in biopsy and subsequent explant specimens from 20 patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) were reviewed to refine histologic criteria for diagnosis, to identify factors that may confound diagnosis, and to assess the relationship of UIP and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). One case of NSIP was also ...
Miyashita Naoyuki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia in Japan and to evaluate the newly created Japanese community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter CAP surveillance study was carried out in 20 hospitals between December 1999 and March 2000. The diagnosis of C. pneumoniae infection was ...
Awan Mohammad Sohail - - 2002
Tuberculous otitis media can be difficult to diagnose because it can easily be confused with other acute or chronic middle ear conditions. Compounding this problem is the fact that physicians are generally unfamiliar with the typical features of tuberculous otitis media. Finally, the final diagnosis can be difficult because it ...
Kanungo Reba - - 2002
Melioidosis is an acute infectious disease caused by a safety-pin-shaped gram-negative bacteria called Burkholderia pseudomallei. Here, we report the first case of melioidosis in a middle aged male agricultural worker, from Pondicherry. The isolation of this organism from subcutaneous nodules on the extensor aspect of his limbs underlines the diversity ...
Kim B-N - - 2002
To identify the clinical implications of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production, 162 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteraemia in 154 adults were analysed. Of these cases, 44 (27.2%) were ESBL-producing (ESBLKP). Common sources of ESBLKP bacteraemia included primary bacteraemia (34.1%) and biliary infection (29.5%). The placement of a biliary drainage catheter, nosocomial ...
Zeller Jörn A - - 2002
This paper describes a previously unreported clinical onset of carcinomatous meningitis with bilateral deafness. Typical changes in the cerebrospinal fluid aside from positive cytology findings are reviewed. In cases of suspected carcinomatous meningitis the clustering of increased CSF protein, lactate, decreased glucose, and a high opening pressure is suggestive of ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2002
Currarino triad is a rarely hereditary condition including: (1) an anorectal malformation, (2) an anterior sacral defect, and (3) a presacral mass. Autosomal dominant transmission is suggested. We reported one case of Currarino triad, who was a 3-month-old male with sacral dysgenesis, imperforated anus and enteric cyst. This case presented ...
Razzaq F - - 2002
We report a case of Addisonian crisis due to cytomegalovirus (CMV) adrenalitis occurring in a patient with AIDS while receiving supraphysiological doses of steroids for the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. The case highlights the importance of considering the diagnosis of adrenal failure in AIDS, even in patients receiving supraphysiological ...
Kanungo Reba - - 2002
Anthrax continues to remain a problem in parts of India. Meningitis is often a complication encountered among cases with cutaneous anthrax. We have encountered a dozen cases of anthrax meningitis in our hosptal in the past decade. A sudden unexplained rise in cases in the past two years with hundred ...
Rudensky Bernard - - 2002
We report a case of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens bacteremia in a young child who had no underlying disease. The case should alert microbiologists and physicians to an uncommon organism that is very often resistant to antibiotics normally prescribed empirically for infections caused by organisms of similar morphology and characteristics such as ...
Nijs A - - 2002
Presented here is the case of a 63-year-old patient with a Streptococcus pneumoniae-infected aneurysm extending from a persistent lobar pneumonia of the left lung into the thoracic aorta. The patient was successfully treated with surgery and high-dose penicillin, and he remained well at 6-month follow-up. A review of the English-language ...
Petti Cathy A - - 2002
In this report, we describe a patient with acute terminal ileitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, review 3 previously reported cases of isolated enteritis due to S. pneumoniae, and summarize the English-language literature on primary and secondary pneumococcal gastrointestinal diseases. Various theories have been advanced to explain the pathogenesis of this ...
Karim M - - 2002
Salmonella meningitis is an unusual complication of Salmonella sepsis and occurs almost exclusively in infants and young children. One case of Salmonella meningitis and two cases of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis in adult patients with Salmonella bacteremia were studied and the literature was reviewed. On a retrospective review of the ...
Bonnel Renan A - - 2002
Rofecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is reported to act by selectively inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2. A review and analysis of reports sent to the Spontaneous Reporting System of the Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Md, suggest that aseptic meningitis is associated with rofecoxib use. To our knowledge, there have been ...
Al-Abbasi A M - - 2002
This study examined all cases of tuberculous meningoencephalitis admitted to Ibn El-Khateeb Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Baghdad from 1993 to 1999. The diagnosis was based on the patient's history, clinical findings, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, microbial isolation and response to antitubercular drug therapy. The findings for cases diagnosed with tuberculous ...
Ko Wen-Chien - - 2002
We initiated a worldwide collaborative study, including 455 episodes of bacteremia, to elucidate the clinical patterns of Klebsiella pneumoniae. Historically, community-acquired pneumonia has been consistently associated with K. pneumoniae. Only four cases of community-acquired bacteremic K. pneumoniae pneumonia were seen in the 2-year study period in the United States, Argentina, ...
Frebourg Noëlle Barbier - - 2002
Bacteremia due to Pasteurella pneumotropica occurs infrequently. We report a case of septicemia in a 72-year-old woman who had no underlying illness. The microorganism was isolated from 10 blood cultures and identified by conventional and molecular methods. This is the first reported case of P. pneumotropica septicemia in an immunocompetent ...
Vilarrasa N - - 2002
We describe the first case in the English language of Streptococcus bovis meningitis in a 45-y-old patient without any underlying disease or predisposing condition. S. bovis biotype II was isolated from his spinal fluid and blood. The illness was community-acquired and was clinically and biologically similar to disease caused by ...
Totan Mehmet - - 2002
Meningitis due to Salmonella is a rare condition. Here we report seven cases with neonatal Salmonella meningitis diagnosed and treated in the Pediatric Neonatology Unit of Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine between January 1985-February 2001. Five cases were cured with appropriate treatment; in two of them no neurological sequelae ...
Paschoal J R - - 2002
Cerebrospinal fluid otorrhoea may occur through the temporal bone both in children and adults. In children it is generally associated with labyrinthine malformations and usually presents with hearing loss in a child with recurrent meningitis. In adults it is sequel to direct head injury, otologic or neurotologic surgery or infection. ...
Lerolle Nicolas - - 2002
Recently, empirical therapy has been recommended for severe community-acquired pneumonia. We report the case of a 68-year-old prednisone-treated man with multiple myeloma who developed a fatal pneumonia due to Legionella pneumophila and Listeria monocytogenes confirmed by immunohistochemistry on postmortem lung sampling. Involvement of the latter bacteria and association of two ...
Kane Sandra L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To document the first successful treatment of a patient with Hansenula anomala pneumonia. CASE SUMMARY: A healthy 32-year-old white man who underwent splenectomy and aortic repair following a motor vehicle accident developed a life-threatening infection 2 days after admission into the intensive care unit (ICU). A rare fungus, H. ...
Williamson John C - - 2002
We report a case of ventriculostomy-related meningitis caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE). The patient was successfully treated with administration of quinupristin/dalfopristin by both intravenous and intraventricular routes. A brief review of the literature is provided, which indicates that optimal management with quinupristin/dalfopristin should include daily intraventricular doses of at ...
Hodgson A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal meningitis epidemics are frequent in the Sahel zone of Africa but there is little information on the frequency of long-term sequelae. We analysed excess mortality in the two years following the 1997 epidemic in northern Ghana and carried out a case-control study to assess sequelae in the survivors. ...
Hiraoka A - - 2001
A 74-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of interstitial pneumonia. She had a 14-year history of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) diagnosed histologically, with a positive test for anti-mitochondrial antibodies and elevated biliary enzyme activity. She also had a 7-year history of rheumatoid arthritis and a 26-year history of ...
Zeana C - - 2001
Enterococci cause serious illness in immunocompromised patients and severely ill, hospitalized patients. Resistance to vancomycin has increased in frequency during the past few years. Limited therapeutic options are available for vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infections and the optimum therapy has not been established. We report a case of nosocomial vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium ...
Kurakawa E - - 2001
A newly approved oral fluoropyrimidine, TS-1, is a dihydropyrimide dehydrogenase (DPD)-inhibiting fluoropyrimidine (DIF) drug. We describe a case of interstitial pneumonia probably caused by TS-1. A peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulating test (DLST) with TS-1 demonstrated a substantial positive reaction. So far only three cases of TS-1-induced interstitial pneumonia have been ...
Jolly K - - 2001
Implementation of the advice to give penicillin prior to admission, a fall in the lumbar puncture rate and the introduction into routine use of the meningococcal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test are factors that have led us to reassess the way meningitis is diagnosed. We examined data for the period ...
Chow M - - 2001
Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare benign primary melanotic tumor of the meninges, most commonly found in the spinal canal and the posterior fossa. The authors report the 19th published case of a supratentorial meningeal melanocytoma and the first reported case in which the tumor arose from the planum sphenoidale. The ...
Kalima P - - 2001
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare cause of skin infections in adults. We present three cases and a review of the literature on this infection. Nine of the 42 (21%) cases occurred in previously healthy individuals without predisposing conditions. The majority of cases (88%) had bacteraemia. More than half the cases ...
Saenz R E - - 2001
We report a case of allergic bronchopulmonary disease caused by Bipolaris hawaiisensis in an immunocompetent host, presenting with symptoms and radiographic findings suggestive of necrotizing pneumonia. Cultures of the plugs and bronchial washing yielded the pathogenic fungi. Laboratory tests revealed eosinophilia and elevation of serum IgE. This patient was successfully ...
Bar-Oz B - - 2001
Enterobacter sakazakii, a Gram-negative bacillus, previously known as "yellow pigmented Enterobacter cloacae", is a rare cause of neonatal infection. We describe the detailed clinical presentation of two cases in whom E. sakazakii was isolated in our neonatal service during the course of 1 mo. These include one case of sepsis ...
Vuori-Holopainen E - - 2001
Identification of the etiology of childhood pneumonia is difficult, even in the cases that most likely have bacterial origins. A positive blood culture result is diagnostic but rare (< 10% of cases), and other noninvasive microbiological methods are nonspecific or are at least shadowed by interpretation problems. However, lung tap ...
Quah S P - - 2001
Improvement in the immunological and virological profile of HIV-infected population during the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), has allowed guidelines on discontinuation of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis to be published. A case of a 37-year-old homosexual man, who had sustained CD4 count over 200 cells/microl for 2 ...
Matschke J - - 2001
Infections of the leptomeninges with the infectious agent gaining access to the intracranial compartment by traumatic means are termed post-traumatic. In cases with fatal outcome, the manner of death has to be classified as non-natural. Six cases of post-traumatic meningitis as the cause of death from the archives of the ...
Portolani M - - 2001
Twenty five cases of meningitis occurred in urban areas surrounding a city (Modena) in Northern Italy, in the period May-July 1999. When the patients were admitted to the Infectious Diseases Division of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Hospital and studied by virological and serological methods, the meningitis proved ...
Senior B A - - 2001
The purpose of this article is to review the endoscopic management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and encephaloceles, with particular emphasis on safety and efficacy, by retrospective assessment utilizing the results of a mailed questionnaire. Surveys were mailed to members of the American Rhinologic Society with practices in both academic ...
Vuori-Holopainen E - - 2001
A previously healthy 6-y-old girl presented with a disease very similar to pneumococcal pneumonia. However, Moraxella osloensis was isolated by lung tap. The patient responded well to a course of parenteral penicillin. This is probably the first documented case of community-acquired pneumonia associated with this agent. Clinical isolates of M. ...
Dennis M - - 2000
Meningeal involvement in myeloma is a rare though recognised complication, and previous treatment strategies have included radiotherapy, intra-thecal and systemic chemotherapy to which there is almost universally a poor response. We report a case of a 60-year-old lady in serological remission with IgG lambda myeloma, presenting with obstructive hydrocephalus due ...
Hatchette T F - - 2000
We report a case of rapidly fatal Pseudomonas aeruginosa community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a previously healthy 67-year-old woman. Eleven published case reports of P. aeruginosa CAP in previously healthy adults are reviewed. According to our review, the mean age of affected patients is 45.3 years. Five patients described in the ...
Chang W N - - 2000
Community-acquired Acinetobacter meningitis in adults is an extremely rare infection of the central nervous system (CNS). Here we report one adult case of this rare CNS infection and review the clinical data of another seven cases reported in the English language literature. In total, eight patients (six men and two ...
García-Lechuz J M - - 2000
Polymicrobial anaerobic meningitis is a rare event secondary to a contiguous infection in the head or neck. Anaerobic meningitis due to a meningo-intestinal fistula is a rare event with only two cases reported in the literature. We describe a new case of adult polymicrobial anaerobic meningitis after colorectal surgery and ...
Deziel P J - - 2000
The incidence of invasive disease due to Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus [GBS]) in adults is on the rise; however, meningitis in adults due to GBS remains rare. We report 2 cases of GBS meningitis complicating elective abortion, 1 of which was a septic incomplete abortion. Only 1 case of ...
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