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Castillo-Iglesias H - - 2006
Unlike solitary parenchymal cysts, chronic meningitis is unusual in patients with neurocysticercosis and may poorly respond to treatment. We report the case of neurocysticercosis characterized by severe headache and chronic eosinophilic meningitis occurring 30 years after infestation with Taenia solium. The patient showed considerable improvement following treatment with albendazole and ...
Aardema H - - 2005
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is endemic in South East Asia and tropical regions of Northern Australia. Sporadic cases have been described elsewhere. In this article we present a case of acute pulmonary melioidosis with fatal outcome imported from Brazil. The most common pathogen causing ...
Schlesinger Cory - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Basic information as well as more recent concepts regarding cryptogenic organizing pneumonia and secondary forms of the disease. RECENT FINDINGS: More recently described and less well recognized illnesses associated with organizing pneumonia, such as organizing pneumonia associated with radiation, are enumerated. In vitro studies from separate laboratories ...
Kalkanci Ayse - - 2005
We describe a case of cavitary pneumonia due to Candida dubliniensis along with fungemia due to Candida kefyr in a leukemic patient. This is the first case of C. dubliniensis isolated in our laboratory. The identification was performed by phenotypic and molecular methods such as thermotolerance test, carbohydrate fermentation and ...
Perera Nelun - - 2005
Group A streptococcus is an uncommon cause of meningitis in children. We report a single case of Group A streptococcus meningitis, in an apparently healthy 6-week-old infant. Twenty-five cases in the English-language literature in the last 25 years and our case are reviewed. The commonest associated illness was otitis media. ...
Legaria M C - - 2005
Bacteremia due to Fusobacterium spp. is unusual (<10% of cases of anaerobic bacteremia), and the isolation of Fusobacterium varium is especially uncommon. The most probable sources of Fusobacterium bacteremia are the respiratory, the gastrointestinal, and the genitourinary tracts. A.-M. Bourgault et al. (Clin. Infect. Dis. 25[Suppl. 2]:181-183) described 40 patients ...
Saini Santosh - - 2005
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is one of the commonest illnesses in ENT practice which requires medical attention all the more in children of poor socio-economic status having in past inadequate treatment and negligent medical care. The present study was conducted to find out the various aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms ...
Cailhol J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of culture-positive and culture-negative tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in France in 2000. METHODS: Capture-recapture method using two unrelated sources of data: the tuberculosis (TB) mandatory notification system (MNTB), recording patients treated by anti-tuberculosis drugs, and a survey by the National Reference Centre (NRC) for mycobacterial drug ...
Gasparetto Emerson L - - 2005
We report two cases of varicella pneumonia in immunocompetent patients, with emphasis on high-resolution computer tomography manifestations. The predominant findings consisted of multiple bilateral nodules, ranging from 1-10 mm in diameter, with or without a surrounding halo of ground-glass attenuation. Other findings include ground-glass opacities, focal areas of consolidation and ...
O'Neill E - - 2005
Pasteurella multocida forms part of the normal flora in the nasopharynx of many domestic and wild animals. Most human P. multocida infections are soft tissue infections due to animal bites. P. multocida meningitis is a rare condition. We report a case of P. multocida meningitis with a complicated outcome and ...
Lee Oneil - - 2005
Carcinomatous meningitis, also known as leptomeningeal metastasis and meningeal carcinomatosis, is the invasion of neoplastic cells into the leptomeninges. Head and neck cancers, especially nasopharyngeal carcinoma, give rise to carcinomatous meningitis very infrequently. In this case report, we present a rare case of carcinomatous meningitis with nasopharyngeal carcinoma as the ...
Karachaliou I - - 2005
Neurologic involvement in patients with familial Mediterranean fever is relatively uncommon, and rarely described in the literature. Although headache occurs frequently, meningitis and convulsions are rare. We describe the case of a 30-year-old man with attacks of meningitis. After colchicine therapy, no further recurrence of fever and meningitis were observed. ...
Rozin G F - - 2005
AIMS: Structural remodelling in acute and chronic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) has been extensively investigated, but little attention has been directed to the elastic tissue in these situations. The aim of this study was to determine whether elastic deposition accompanies collagen deposition in the four major histological patterns of IIP: ...
Yang Hyun-Duk - - 2005
The involvement of the nervous system in Kikuchi's disease (KD) is rare. Although some reports of meningeal involvement in KD were described in the literature from Japan, it has rarely been reported in Korea. A 23-year-old man presented with severe headache, fever, and vomiting. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed an ...
Birtles Andrew - - 2005
Two apparently linked fatal cases of pneumococcal meningitis were investigated. Pneumolysin PCR performed on blood and cerebrospinal fluid was positive in a culture-negative case. A second case yielded Streptococcus pneumoniae from blood culture. Multilocus sequence typing performed on DNA extracted from case 1 (specimens) and case 2 (isolate) revealed identical ...
Ang Y M - - 2005
Meliodosis is an infectious disease encountered mainly in tropics. It is not an uncommon problem in Malaysia especially in areas with agricultural activities. Although it can occur in all age groups, there have been few reported cases in children. Men are more commonly affected than women due to outdoor activities. ...
Silva-Vergara Mario León ML Departamento de Clínica Médica, Disciplina de Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias e, Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil. - - 2005
This report describes a 29-year-old man with AIDS and disseminated lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis diagnosis presenting a poor therapeutic adhesion to itraconazole therapy that later evolved to neurological impairment and death. Necropsy showed granulomatous reaction and yeast-like forms similar to Sporothrix schenckii in meninges, lymph nodes, marrow bone, skin, testicles, epididymides and ...
Peters Erica - - 2005
Laboratory acquired infection with toxoplasmosis has been described. The clinical features in this situation can vary from asymptomatic to severe disease. Prophylactic therapy is recommended on the basis of clinical experience and case reports. We describe a case in a young man, where prophylaxis resulted in neutropenia complicated by subsequent ...
Suankratay Chusana - - 2004
Streptococcus suis may be the second most common cause of adult streptococcal meningitis. The clinical and epidemiological data of S. suis meningitis are occasionally reviewed. To date, there have been only two large case series from Hong Kong and the Netherlands. We describe twelve cases of S. suis meningitis who ...
Eberhardt O - - 2005
Toxocariasis is a worldwide-occurring parasitic infection leading to tissue damage in various organs due to wandering Toxocara larvae (visceral larva migrans). More than 40 cases of CNS involvement in children and immunocompetent adults have been documented in detail to date. Here, we present evidence of eosinophilic meningomyelitis in an adult ...
Hershckowitz Sylvia - - 2004
Nine premature infants developed early onset sepsis and/or pneumonia with Haemophilus influenzae during a period of 53 months (January 2000 -May 2004). Their respiratory problems were pneumonia-like rather than classic respiratory distress syndrome. In 8 of the cases, the pathogen was a beta-lactamase-negative, nontypable H. influenzae. In the remaining case, ...
Felisati Giovanni - - 2004
Otogenic meningitis is the most common intracranial complication of neglected otitis media. In the western world, such complications seldom occur in children and young adults and are extremely rare in adults and elderly people. The current use of antibiotics and of more sophisticated surgery has greatly diminished the incidence of ...
Guarner Jeannette - - 2004
Neisseria meningitidis remains the leading cause of fatal sepsis. Cultures may not be available in fulminant fatal cases. An immunohistochemical assay for N meningitidis was applied to formalin-fixed samples from 14 patients with meningococcal disease. Histopathologic findings in 12 fatal cases included interstitial pneumonitis, hemorrhagic adrenal glands, myocarditis, meningitis, and ...
Parmar M S - - 2004
Gas within the intracranial cavity (pneumocephalus) commonly results from trauma or after surgery and rarely from infection by gas-forming organisms. The presence of pneumocephalus in the absence of injury or surgery should raise the suspicion of anaerobic infection of the central nervous system. I present a case of pneumocephalus associated ...
Miyashita Naoyuki - - 2004
The Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) published the guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in 2000. The guidelines set up nine parameters and criteria for the differential diagnosis of atypical pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia based on clinical symptoms, physical signs and laboratory data. To evaluate the performance of these guideline ...
Wazir Javed F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review and update the literature on current trends with regard to Pneumocystis carinii (jiroveci ) diagnosis, treatment modalities, and its role in human disease processes. DATA SOURCES: Bibliographic databases (PubMed and Ovid) were searched for material and data between 1980 and September 2003 relevant to the review. Indexing ...
Koszyca B - - 2004
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is hyperendemic in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia, as well as being widespread throughout tropical south east Asia. The infection is primarily acquired via the inoculation of compromised surface tissues by contaminated soils and water and ...
Boorman Dg - - 2004
Meningitis is an important cause of profound sensorineural hearing loss, especially in children. In this case, a five-year-old suffered a head injury complicated by bacterial meningitis and developed a profound hearing loss. Magnetic resonance imaging at four weeks following injury showed evidence of developing labyrinthitis ossificans and a decision was ...
Meyer C N - - 2004
Episodes of adult bacterial meningitis (ABM) at a Danish hospital in 1991-2000 were identified from the databases of the Department of Clinical Microbiology, and compared with data from the Danish National Patient Register and the Danish National Notification System. Reduced penicillin susceptibility occurred in 21 (23%) of 92 cases of ...
Allan R - - 2004
Prevotella oralis, an obligate Gram-negative anaerobe, was shown to be the cause of meningitis in a two-year-old crossbreed dog. The dog had a six-week history of lethargy and neck pain. On presentation, the animal was reluctant to walk, had a stiff gait and neck pain on flexion. Analysis of cerebrospinal ...
Khater Fares J - - 2004
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a disease of the small airways characterized by intraluminal polyps of myxoid connective tissue. Although various infectious and non-infectious agents have been implicated as possible precipitants of BOOP, the concomitant occurrence of BOOP with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has rarely been described. We ...
Ozisik Handan Isin - - 2004
Brucella melitensis infection is endemic in the eastern and south-eastern Anatolia regions of Turkey. We report an unusual case of brucella meningitis presenting with bilateral papilla stasis, diplopia and absence of other neurological involvement. Diagnosis was made by positive culture of Brucella spp. with a BACTEC 9120 system with inoculation ...
de Oliveira Marcelo José - - 2004
Primary meningeal neoplasias are rare, and their diffuse growth within the subarachnoid space may simulate inflammatory processes or metastatic neoplastic dissemination. We report here the case of a boy with an 18-day history of fever and progressive neurological deterioration. While in the hospital, the patient showed neurological deterioration and did ...
Wang Ruay-Shyang - - 2004
Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is usually self-limited without severe sequelae. We report 5 pediatric patients with necrotizing pneumonitis caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and reviewed the reported cases in the English language. Protracted course of fever and respiratory distress were noted in all 5 patients. Macrolides and adequate chest tube drainage for ...
Chihab Wafae - - 2004
Chryseomonas luteola has only rarely been reported as a human bacterial pathogen. It has been shown that this organism in particular affects patients with health or indwelling disorders. Most reported cases showed septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, or peritonitis. Two C. luteola infections observed in Morocco are described in the present study.
Morrison Alan - - 2004
Fusobacterium necrophorum is a strict anaerobic organism responsible for a number of clinical syndromes known as necrobacillosis. Although meningeal infections with anaerobes are rare, delayed diagnosis and treatment can be potentially fatal. We report a unique case of Fusobacterium meningitis, mastoiditis, and sepsis in a previously healthy adolescent. Diagnosis and ...
Köse Mehmet - - 2004
Pseudomonas stutzeri is an aerobic, nonfermentative, gram-negative rod with polar monotrichous flagella. We report the case of a four-year-old boy who developed community-acquired pneumonia and empyema caused by P. stutzeri. To our knowledge, this is the first report on community-acquired pneumonia and empyema caused by this organism in childhood.
deFreitas Dorian Joseph - - 2004
Despite the frequency of dural tears in spinal surgery, meningitis is a rare complication reported to occur with a frequency of 0.18%. To the best of our knowledge, no case of Acinetobacter baumanii meningitis has been reported in the literature after a dural tear secondary to lumbar spine discectomy. This ...
Krueger Wolfgang A - - 2004
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) can cause nosocomial meningitis in the presence of prosthetic devices. Vancomycin is the treatment of choice, but its penetration into the cerebrospinal fluid is poor, especially in cases without severe meningeal inflammation. We successfully used linezolid to treat a case of posttraumatic MRSE meningitis with a ...
Rosales Cecilia M - - 2004
We present a case of Malassezia furfur meningitis arising in a very low birth weight infant with chronic lung disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, and intraventricular hemorrhage. M. furfur meningitis was probably acquired late following successful treatment for earlier systemic central line-associated M. furfur infection. M. furfur meningitis has only once been ...
Kelly Martin Gerard - - 2004
Two cases of severe community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia (CAP) admitted to our hospital within 24 h are described, both in young males. These two cases illustrate the usefulness of the British Thoracic Society severity criteria and serve to emphasize the importance of early recognition of adverse physiology in critically ill patients. ...
Manfredi Roberto - - 2004
Common variable immunodeficiency with an associated broad immunoglobulin (0.7%) deficit affecting all subclasses, was revealed in a 27-y-old previously healthy female, upon development of a severe pneumococcal meningitis. We report the third case of purulent meningitis complicating this primary immunodeficiency, and the second due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Clinicians should maintain ...
Siegersma Jan Eize - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of bacterial endophthalmitis after otitis media in a healthy adult. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A healthy 49-year-old Caucasian woman developed acute otitis media of the right ear. Three weeks after the first onset there was a recurrence of the otitis media, with perforation of ...
Mukhopadhyay Chiranjoy - - 2003
Although there are ever increasing reports of extraintestinal human infections caused by Aeromonads, in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients, respiratory tract infections remain uncommon. We describe a case of aspiration pneumonia in an immunocompetent patient with multiple sclerosis, caused by a community acquired, multidrug resistant strain of Aeromonas hydrophila sensitive ...
Djibo S - - 2003
In the African meningitis belt, the recurrent meningococcal meningitis epidemics are generally caused by serogroup A. In the past 20 years, other serogroups have been detected, such as X or W135, which have caused sporadic cases or clusters. We report here 134 meningitis cases caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup X ...
Hughes Pamela A - - 2003
Prompted by a case of eosinophilic meningitis (EM), a review of the literature was performed to evaluate the strength of the diagnoses associated with EM and compares these results with our hospital's experience. Articles were critically reviewed for supporting evidence, method of diagnosis, and established standards for specific diagnosis. EM ...
Kim Kyu-Sik - - 2003
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP), also known as alveolar macrophage pneumonia (AMP), represents a subset of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia that responds better to steroids and has a more favourable prognosis than usual interstitial pneumonia. Recently, we encountered a case of DIP with the formation of multiple pulmonary cysts during corticosteroid maintenance ...
Jackson Timothy L - - 2003
Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis is a rare but serious condition that occurs when bacteria cross the blood-ocular barrier and multiply within the eye. We provide an overview of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis by reviewing 267 reported cases and integrating this with our experience of an additional 19 cases. The majority of patients ...
Gavin Patrick J - - 2003
Streptococcus bovis is an uncommon cause of infection in neonates. However, S. bovis is capable of causing fulminant neonatal sepsis or meningitis that is indistinguishable clinically from that caused by group B streptococcus. S. bovis and S. bovis variant (sometimes referred to as S. bovis biotypes I and II, respectively) ...
Capdevila O - - 2003
In order to better characterize bacteremic cellulitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, a review was conducted of 10 cases of bacteremic pneumococcal cellulitis, which represented 0.9% of all cases of pneumococcal bacteremia (n=1,076) and 3.2% of all cases of community-acquired bacteremic cellulitis (n=312) that occurred in the Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona, ...
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