Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 568
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Krcméry Vladimír - - 2007
In recent supplement of neuroendocrinology letters, first time the authors from West and East, North and South of EU and the "Third World" present data on neuroinfections in high technology society - on nosocomial meningitis and vice versa in low technology and income countries of sub-Saharan Africa. 14 years survey ...
Sparks J R - - 2007
Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare complication of bacteremia. Proper intervention is critical, as the majority of affected patients lose vision in the infected eye. Treatment options include systemic antibiotics, intravitreous antibiotics and vitrectomy. We report a case of endogenous endophthalmitis presenting as leukocoria in a premature neonate with group B ...
Luzzati Roberto - - 2007
The triad of pneumonia, meningitis, and endocarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae is known as Austrian syndrome. We report a case with an aortic-right atrium fistula in a 39-year-old woman who had undergone splenectomy for Hodgkin's lymphoma. The review of literature shows that the prevalence of Austrian syndrome is decreasing from ...
Tang Chen-Wei - - 2007
We report a case of community-acquired bleb-related endophthalmitis caused by vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in a 79-year-old woman. VRE has usually been considered a nosocomial infection of immune-compromised patients, but ophthalmologists should be alert to the possibility of community-acquired eye infections caused by VRE, particularly in those countries with a high ...
Boisier Pascal - - 2007
In the African meningitis belt, reported case-fatality ratio (CFR) for meningitis are usually calculated on the basis of presumed cases. We reviewed 3509 presumed cases of bacterial meningitis reported in Niger for which a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample had been tested later at the reference laboratory. The main aetiologies were ...
Adjogble Kokou-Louis-Sewonou - - 2007
Few reports documenting the epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) serogroup W135 exist, and none from Togo. During 2003-2005, we conducted acute bacterial meningitis surveillance at three major reference hospitals in Togo. Of 116 Nm identified, 83 (71%) were NmA, 23 (20%) were NmW135, and 10 (9%) did not have a ...
Skull S A - - 2008
This study examines the validity of using ICD-10 codes to identify hospitalized pneumonia cases. Using a case-cohort design, subjects were randomly selected from monthly cohorts of patients aged > or = 65 years discharged from April 2000 to March 2002 from two large tertiary Australian hospitals. Cases had ICD-10-AM codes ...
- - 2007
Staphylococcus aureus infection has been reported infrequently as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and typically has been associated with influenza virus infection or influenza-like illness (ILI). During the 2003-04 influenza season, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) gained attention as a cause of 15 cases of influenza-associated CAP. No formal surveillance ...
Mani R - - 2007
Despite the recent resurgence in reports of invasive Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infections worldwide, it remains a rare cause of pyogenic meningitis both in children and adults. We report a case of fatal GAS meningitis in a healthy adult emphasizing the need for clinicians to be aware of its fulminant ...
Sorenson Eric J - - 2007
Aspiration pneumonia is believed to be an uncommon complication of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the incidence of aspiration pneumonia and its contribution to morbidity and mortality are unknown in ALS. All cases of ALS from Olmsted County, Minnesota from 1990 to 2005 were reviewed. Baseline demographics were noted for ...
de Louvois John - - 2007
To determine whether having had meningitis in infancy adversely affects academic achievement at age 16. A case-control study in England and Wales of 461 teenagers who had bacterial meningitis in infancy and 289 GP matched controls recruited when the index cases were aged 5. Comparison between index cases and controls ...
Miyares Francisco Ruiz - - 2007
A 35-year-old man presented with a meningeal syndrome and acute onset of visual blurring. Clinical investigations revealed bacterial meningitis with bilateral papillitis and ophthalmoparesis. Serum and cerebrospinal fluid serology confirmed the diagnosis of chronic active neurobrucellosis. Following therapy there was no improvement and he developed optic atrophy. Extensive literature review ...
Lai Chung-Hsu - - 2007
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the most common cause of eosinophilic meningitis in humans after ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked intermediate hosts or food contaminated with infective third-stage larvae. Frogs are known to be a paratenic host of A. cantonensis, but have never been reported as the infectious source of human ...
Tan Che Kim - - 2007
Melioidosis is an endemic disease in southeast Asia and northern Australia, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. A typhoon-related outbreak occurred in southern Taiwan in July 2005. High mortality in melioidosis associated with bacteremic pneumonia and septic shock. We report a patient with life-threatening melioidosis who developed rapid progression of bacteremic pneumonia ...
Fine Andrew M - - 2007
Broadly, to create a bidirectional communication link between public health surveillance and clinical practice. Specifically, to measure the impact of integrating public health surveillance data into an existing clinical prediction rule. We incorporate data about recent local trends in meningitis epidemiology into a prediction model differentiating aseptic from bacterial meningitis. ...
Alsaghir Abdullah H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because reports of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) are lacking from the Middle East, we conducted a retrospective review of of all histopathologically proven cases of BOOP over a 10-year period at three tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh and describe the clinical features and outcome. METHODS: Charts at the ...
Bravo Dina - - 2007
We present the clinical, radiological and pathological features of a case of a cranial hypertrophic pachymeningitis that developed in the course of mastoiditis and petrous apex inflammation and responded to immunosuppressive therapy only. Documented by the development of clinical findings, magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid changes, histopathology findings, by otosurgical ...
Rastogi V L - - 2007
A case of invasive Trichosporonosis due to Trichosporon asahii in an otherwise healthy young adult male presenting as meningoencephalitis and pneumonia is reported here. T. asahii was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid and sputum of the patient and morphologic forms of organism was also demonstrated on direct Gram stain of sputum. ...
Foroulis Christoforos N - - 2007
We report the case of a 56-y-old male admitted with a left-sided post-pneumonic empyema. Clostridium sordellii DNA was directly detected in its pleural fluid by a broad-range 16S rRNA PCR, after 24 h of specimen collection. This is the third case of pleural infection caused by C. sordellii in the ...
Nakamura Shigeki - - 2007
Hypersensitivity vasculitis (HSV) has been used to describe several forms of vasculitis of small blood vessels, including Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), mixed cryoglobulinemia, and allergic vasculitis, etc. HSP is a disease occasionally seen in childhood, and is characterized by dermatological and abdominal symptoms. Here, we report a rare case of HSV ...
Satish Kadappa S - - 2006
Cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients. We present a case of cryptococcal meningitis with bilateral papillitis, multifocal choroiditis, and sensorineural hearing loss. The ocular manifestations present in this patient were unusual. The management of such cases poses a challenge because blindness and deafness can be the morbid ...
Berger Joseph R - - 2006
Although the diagnosis is rarely confirmed, enteroviruses are a common cause of meningitis. Coxsackie B is responsible for more than half of the cases of aseptic meningitis in infants less than 3 months old, but is less common as a cause of neurological disease in older persons. In addition to ...
Nishida Yoichiro - - 2007
We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of listeria meningitis with increased adenosine deaminase (ADA) in cerebrospinal fluid. Although some cases of other etiologies were also reported, this report informs those who manage patients with meningitis that not only Mycobacterium and Brucella spp. but also other ...
Thorley Anna M - - 2007
Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus infection is rare in humans, but a well-known cause of pyogenic disease in cows and horses. S. zooepidemicus uncommonly causes post-strep glomerulonephritis (PSGN) in humans via epidemic outbreaks. We present a sporadic case of post S. zooepidemicus glomerulonephritis in a child most probably contracted from a ...
Gerber Jeffrey S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sporadic cases of invasive Streptococcus bovis disease have been reported in young infants. However, little is known about the clinical manifestations or the conditions that predispose to S. bovis infection in this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case series and review of the literature was to describe cases ...
Patil Asha B - - 2006
Salmonella enterica serovar Weltevreden is an uncommon cause of gastroenteritis occurring worldwide. For the first time, we report 2 cases of neonatal sepsis caused by S. Weltevreden from Hubli, India. In the first case, the neonate had features of septicemia and S. Weltevreden was isolated from a blood culture. The ...
Al Shirawi N - - 2006
Intrathecal colistin (Polymxin E) is becoming an important option for the treatment of post-neurosurgical meningitis caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii. We report a case of 28-year-old man who developed meningitis due to MDR A. baumannii associated with an external ventricular drain. The patient was cured using a 4-week ...
Yang Chih-Jen - - 2006
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate related extreme thrombocytosis during the treatment of pneumonia has never been reported. We present a 54-year-old patient who was admitted due to pneumonia, and was treated with amoxicillin/clavulanate IV and 3-day course of 500 mg azithromycin. Despite clinical and radiological evidence showing that pneumonia improved, thrombocytes increased rapidly. After ...
Leemann Corinne - - 2006
Bacteremia due to Helicobacter canis has been reported in a patient with X-linked hypogammaglobulinemia. Here we report on the first human case of H. canis bacteremia in an immunocompetent host. Identification of the organism was made by genetic and phylogenetic analyses of the complete 16S rRNA sequence.
Toyoshima Marcos Tadashi Kakitani - - 2006
Two cases of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) caused by Listeria monocytogenes in cirrhotic patients are reported. In one of the cases, the microorganism was isolated from pleural effusion and ascites. SBP is a serious and common complication of patients with ascites caused by hepatic cirrhosis and the culture of the ...
Chotmongkol Verajit - - 2006
We studied adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 16 cases of tuberculous meningitis, 4 cases of cryptococcal meningitis, 5 cases of bacterial meningitis, 12 cases of eosinophilic meningitis, 26 cases of aseptic meningitis, 6 cases of carcinomatous meningitis and 108 cases with normal CSF. The mean CSF ...
Khawcharoenporn Thana - - 2006
Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common cryptococci causing infection in humans. Non-neoformans cryptococci have generally been regarded as saprophytes and rarely reported as human pathogens. We report a probable case of Cryptococcus laurentii meningitis in a HIV-infected patient and reviewed the literature on risk factors and treatment of this infection ...
Hong Ji Man - - 2006
We report a 20-year-old man who presented with temporary encephalopathy. Serial brain MRI revealed an isolated and transient splenial lesion of the corpus callosum (SCC). He was subsequently diagnosed with septic metastasis of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) involving both lungs and multiple joints; however, there was no indication of S. ...
Ito Shuichi - - 2006
Norovirus is a common cause of gastroenteritis. We describe the case of a 23-month-old girl with encephalopathy possibly associated with norovirus infection. The viral genome was detected in stool, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. This is the first report of encephalopathy potentially caused by ...
Adams Wendy E - - 2006
We present a case in which a new organism, Sphingomonas paucimobilis, caused endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification in a 73-year-old woman. The case shows a recurrent acute endophthalmitis with complete resolution only after vitrectomy. This organism has not been described as a cause of endophthalmitis and was resistant to initial medical management. ...
Jain A K - - 2006
The H5N1 influenza virus infected human in 1997 for the first time in Hong Kong leading to development of influenza like symptoms. Its incubation period is 8-17 days. Cases of influenza can be confirmed with possible viral culture for H5N1 or positive PCR for H5N1 or positive IFA test using ...
Ozsoy Saliha - - 2006
We report the case of a 31-year-old man with bipolar disorder who was on a combination therapy of lithium, lamotrigine and escitalopram. Serum lithium level was within therapeutic range. Cerebellar symptoms such as dysarthria, ataxia, and dyskinesia developed in the patient following the pneumonia. Cerebellar syndrome was most likely due ...
Walker Steven - - 2006
We report a case of rhabdomyolysis associated with the use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) in a newly diagnosed AIDS patient with presumed Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly named Pneumocystis Carinii) pneumonia. The present case is significant because of the paucity of similar cases in the literature and the relative frequency with which TMP-SMX ...
Raghav S - - 2007
Three women (aged 21-36 years) developed acute illnesses that were similar to epidemic encephalitis lethargica. Each presented with a neuropsychiatric disturbance that was succeeded by pyrexia, a fluctuating conscious state and involuntary movements including oculogyria. Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed a predominantly lymphocytic pleocytosis (64-120x10(6) cells/L) and oligoclonal bands were detected ...
McLean Thomas W - - 2006
Roseomonas is a newly described genus of pink-pigmented, gram-negative bacteria. Human infections caused by Roseomonas species are very rare. We report two cases of central venous catheter-related bacteremia associated with Roseomonas species (one case with R. gilardii and one with R. fauriae), and review the clinical spectrum of previously reported ...
Tsiodras S - - 2006
Myelitis is one of the most severe central nervous system complications seen in association with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections and both acute transverse myelitis (ATM) as well as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) have been observed. We reviewed all available literature on cases of Mycoplasma spp. associated ATM as well as ADEM ...
Choudhury Shahana A - - 2006
Salmonella panama is group-D nontyphi salmonella strongly associated with invasive infection, including meningitis. So far, no case of S. panama meningitis has been reported from the United States, and none has ever been reported in babies >3.5 months of age. To the best of our knowledge, we are reporting the ...
Masiero Stefano - - 2006
We report a case of aspiration admitted to our rehabilitation unit in a patient with dysphagia due to diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis or Forestier's disease of the cervical spine, in whom an episode of pneumonia had occurred. Clinical and instrumental findings, including radiography of the spine, (CT Scan) and videofluoroscopy, ...
Morelli N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of Legionella pneumonia with unusual neurologic involvement. INTERVENTION: Chest X-ray, lumbar puncture, magnetic imaging of the brain, electroencephalography, audiometry, brainstem acoustic evoked potentials and institution of oral antibiotics and steroids. MAIN RESULT: Gradual clinical improvement of neurologic and pulmonary illness within 4 weeks. CONCLUSION: Legionellosis ...
Bhaduri-McIntosh Sumita - - 2006
Purulent pericarditis is a rare disease that is most often caused by organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, viridans streptococci, Haemophilus influenzae, and anaerobic bacteria. We present an unusual case of purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Lancefield group A streptococcus (GAS), and we provide a review of the ...
Dylewski J - - 2006
Despite rising rates of macrolide resistance to Streptococcus pneumoniae, the current guidelines for outpatient treatment of community-acquired pneumonia include a macrolide as initial empiric therapy. There have only been a few previously documented cases of macrolide treatment failure in community-acquired pneumonia and there is controversy as to whether macrolide resistance ...
Garg Praveen - - 2006
We report a case of bacterial pericarditis in an immunologically competent adult female caused by nonencapsulated Haemophilus influenzae (H influenzae) that was complicated by the acute development of life-threatening pericardial tamponade. H influenzae is a gram-negative coccobacillus, a pathogen most frequently associated with childhood exanthema (otitis media, meningitis) and, less ...
Tsai Hung-Chin - - 2005
Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen which causes meningitis, bacteremia, and endocarditis in pigs. Human infection is rare and often presents as meningitis with the sequela of permanent deafness and endocarditis. Previous cases were reported from pig-rearing countries such as Holland and Hong Kong. We report a 55-year-old bedridden man ...
Stover Diane E - - 2005
Some macrolides have been found to exert anti-inflammatory effects. Lung diseases such as asthma, panbronchiolitis, cystic fibrosis, and bronchiectasis are thought to respond to the immunomodulatory properties of macrolides. We report three cases of idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, now called cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, and three cases of radiation-related bronchiolitis ...
Hoffman Lucas R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe 2 cases of lipoid pneumonia in Mexican American infants after administration of vegetable- or animal-derived oils and the cultural barriers to diagnosis. Various folk remedies have been documented in the international medical literature that involve the oral or nasal administration of vegetable- or animal-derived oils to children ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >