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Results 551 - 568 of 568
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Goldacre M J - - 1976
Several different sources of data, including statutory notifications, were used to identify cases of acute bacterial meningitis in childhood in a defined population. Only half the cases of meningococcal meningitis and less than one quarter of ofther types of bacterial meningitis had been notified. Notified cases differed from the remainder ...
Gehrz R C - - 1976
Haemophilus influenzae type B and Clostridium perfringens were recovered simultaneously from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with purulent meningitis. No antecedent history of head trauma was present to explain the coexistence of the anaerobe with Haemophilus organisms. A review of the literature on mixed meningitis indicates that no previous ...
Mintz A A - - 1976
The use of isoniazid (INH) in persons exposed to active cases of tuberculosis has been challenged, Reports of toxic reactions to isoniazid warrant a review of the drug's potential benefits and hazards. This prompted a retrospective survey of cases admitted to a large county hospital to determine admission incidence before ...
Karandanis D - - 1976
Infectious meningitis in adults was reviewed to establish the frequency of meningitis due to each causative agent and to reexamine the laboratory parameters that help to distinguish aseptic, bacterial, and mycobacterial meningitis. Aseptic meningitis occurred 2.2 times more often than bacterial and mycobacterial meningitis combined. The most common nonviral causative ...
Qadri S M - - 1976
A case of meningitis caused by Aeromonas hydrophila is reported. The infection complicated an otherwise successful frontotemporal craniotomy. Survey of the literature revealed that human infections due to this organism are relatively uncommon, and its causal relationship in meningitis has not been previously reported. A. hydrophila is known to cause ...
Owor R - - 1976
A case of fatal strongyloidiasis associated with pyogenic meningitis in an adult male African is reported. Strongyloides larvae were present in the purulent exudate in the the meninges, an observation not, to the authors knowledge, hitherto reported in man. Fatal strongyloidiasis due to autoinfection has been reported by several authors ...
Rao M - - 1975
Although the literature well describes chronic eosinophilic pneumonia in the adult, there are no reports of this entity in the pediatric age group. We describe a child with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, emphasizing the specific radiologic features, common conditions in the differential diagnosis, and dramatic response in corticosteroid administration, which is ...
Davis S D - - 1975
To examine the influence of partial antibiotic therapy on laboratory findings in Haemophilus influenzae meningitis, 272 untreated cases and 202 partially treated, culture-positive cases from 1953 through 1971 were reviewed. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to several cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) values. Both the untreated ...
Bachman D S - - 1975
Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The children ...
El Shafei I L - - 1975
The author proposes ventriculovenous shunts to a ligated neck vein (external jugular or facial) for the treatment of hydrocephalus. He postulates that the ligated neck vein is filled with CSF and becomes an extension of the shunt tube, which prevents venous thrombosis. The pressure of the shunt at the venous ...
Harper I A - - 1971
A case of meningitis due to a group B streptococcus in a newborn baby is described. Treatment was successful; it depended upon the bacteriological diagnosis and sensitivity testing. Only a few such cases are reported in the British literature, but this type of infection may be more common than these ...
Haddock D R - - 1971
Forty-seven cases of pyogenic meningitis treated at Korle Bu Hospital are described. Twenty-two were pneumococcal and in the other 25 no organisms were isolated from the C.S.F. The mortality rate was high (62%). Late presentation, extracerebral sepsis and fulminant infection were common. Clinical features, reasons for the high mortality rate, ...
du Cheyron, D
This report describes two cases of Osler’s triad of pneumonia, meningitis, and endocarditis, as a result of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, also called Austrian’s syndrome. In the first patient, a 51 year old non-alcoholic man, the aortic valve was affected and needed to be replaced in an emergency operation. The mitral ...
Kyriacou Demetrios N - - 2004
Limitation of a bioterrorist anthrax attack will require rapid and accurate recognition of the earliest victims. To identify clinical characteristics of inhalational anthrax, we compared 47 historical cases (including 11 cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax) with 376 controls with community-acquired pneumonia or influenza-like illness. Nausea, vomiting, pallor or cyanosis, diaphoresis, altered ...
Lewin R A - - 1966
In five cases of meningitis or septicemia in children, the causative organism was Neisseria subflava. The organism is similar to N meningitidis. Only one previous case of meningitis caused by N subflava in a child has been found in the literature, but this organism may be more commonly pathogenic than ...
EINSTEIN H E - - 1961
Amphotericin B is the first agent to alter favorably the course of coccidioidal meningitis. The morbidity and toxicity of the drug are at present its chief limiting factors. Although no cures were obtained in a series of 11 cases, significant remissions usually followed a course of therapy. Comparison with similar ...
MACCHIAVELLO A - - 1954
Four villages in Kordofan Province of the Sudan were selected by the authors to determine the effectiveness of mass prophylactic treatment with sulfa drugs and penicillin in controlling cerebrospinal meningitis epidemics in rural areas with highly primitive living conditions. Sulfadimidine was given orally in two of the villages, and procaine ...
BUSS W C - - 1950
In a review of 53 cases of coccidioidal disease, 50 of which resulted in death, some symptoms were noted to be so common as to facilitate diagnosis. Laboratory studies of spinal fluid gave helpful information. Particularly noteworthy with regard to roentgenologic studies was the fact that in no case in ...
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