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Results 501 - 550 of 568
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Morrow R - - 1983
Aspergillosis of the cerebral ventricles developed in a 36-year-old heroin abuser who died during the sixth week of illness. The diagnosis was not made during life. A review of our case and of four previous cases from the literature indicates that aspergillosis should be considered in parenteral drug abusers with ...
Trautmann M - - 1983
Tuberculous meningitis was diagnosed in a 16-year-old patient with symptoms and signs of a space-occupying process of the right hemisphere. Cranial computed tomography demonstrated focal encephalitis of the right temporoparietal region. The case reminds that tuberculous meningitis can present itself under uncommon neurologic syndromes and should, even in the presence ...
Davey P G - - 1982
Between January 1968 and December 1977, 635 cases of acute bacterial meningitis were admitted to hospitals in the Birmingham Area Health Authority. The epidemiology of these cases was analysed and compared with the 270 cases which were admitted to the regional infectious diseases unit at East Birmingham Hospital (E.B.H.). In ...
Chryssanthopoulos C - - 1982
We report a case of Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in an apparently healthy 3-year-old boy. This is the first case reported in English literature where adequate evaluation of immune status did not reveal an immunologic defect. The patient is in the age group least affected by an opportunistic organism and has ...
Ricketts R R - - 1982
Hemophilus influenza is the causative organism in only 7%-11% of the cases of pyogenic pericarditis in children. A total of 36 cases have been reported in the literature since 1942. This report analyzes those cases, adds four more (ages 8 mo, 4 yr, 5 yr, and 7 yr), and recommends ...
Tecson-Tumang F - - 1982
A case of purulent meningitis in an adult caused by Streptococcus MG-intermedius, also known as Streptococcus milleri, is described. The intriguing taxonomical history of this organism and its association with mycoplasma pneumoniae pulmonary infections is reviewed. The incidence of central nervous system infections due to this organism is also discussed.
Desjardins R - - 1982
Congenital CSF otorrhea is seldom the cause of meningitis but has to be looked for especially if associated with a dead ear or with recurrent meningitis. Polytomograms of the mastoids are essential to rule out any abnormality of the internal ear. Three patients with a congenital CSF otorrhea and associated ...
Whitby M - - 1982
Three cases of pyogenic Haemophilus influenzae meningitis in adults have been diagnosed within the Brisbane Metropolitan area in the last twelve months. This had been considered a very unusual cause of meningitis in adults which has not previously been recorded in the Australian literature, and should alert clinicians to a ...
Shanon E - - 1982
A case is described of sudden unilateral deafness associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae. The hearing function of the patient returned to normal on the third day of treatment with tetracycline. M pneumoniae is a common causative agent of protean respiratory disease and the true incidence of hearing loss in these cases ...
Hull D S - - 1982
A 13-month-old child with Neisseria meningitidis developed bilateral metastatic endophthalmitis. Treatment with systemic and periocular injections of penicillin G and steroids resulted in resolution of the meningitis and the endophthalmitis. This case should alert the pediatrician to the possibility of binding endophthalmitis in a patient with meningitis and ocular abnormalities.
Kuzemenská P - - 1982
The Slidex-méningite-Kit allows the used of the rather highly sensitive and specific latex-agglutination method for the detection of N. meningitis group A and C and H. influenzae b exoantigens within a few minutes. In model experiments positive results persisted at unchanged intensity for prolonged periods of time regardless of storage ...
Chitale V R - - 1982
A small series of nine cases of tuberculous meningitis with hydrocephalus is presented in which a ventriculoatrial shunt was carried out. Upadhyaya valves were used. Four of these nine cases are doing well and are normal 1 1/2 to 2 years after surgery. Two of them remained spastic and athetotic ...
Ackley A M - - 1981
Legionella pneumophila is transmitted by aerosolization of water or dust from soil. There are six serotypes and four newly recognized related organisms. Sporadic cased of Legionnaires; disease are more common than epidemic case and are less likely to be suspected . Most reporters cases are characterized by severe pneumonia. Bacteriologic ...
Stones D K - - 1981
Four cases of salmonella meningitis occurring in young children from an area in which typhoid fever is endemic are described. The paucity of clinical signs and misleading initial lumbar puncture results in some cases are outlined, and the clinical picture, treatment and mortality are discussed.
Graham D R - - 1981
Brain abscess is an infrequent complication of meningitis, including cases caused by Gram-negative enteric bacteria in neonates. Because brain abscesses recently developed in four of five neonates with Citrobacter diversus meningitis at one institution, we reviewed cases of C diversus meningitis reported in the literature and those enrolled in the ...
Herbert D A - - 1981
Neisseriae other than N. meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae are common upper respiratory commensals, but rarely cause disease. A case of N. sicca bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient is reported, and the literature dealing with infections attributed to these usually nonpathogenic organisms is reviewed. These neisseriae have been shown to cause ...
Maritz F J - - 1981
A 19-year-old man was admitted with haematemesis and over the next 24 hours developed a bronchopneumonia and septicaemia. Three blood cultures yielded a growth of Pasteurella ureae. An autopsy revealed liver cirrhosis and bleeding oesophageal varices. Past. ureae has been isolated from cases of sinusitis and chronic lung disease but ...
Cadoz M - - 1981
In 21 of the 24 cases the diagnosis of purulent meningitis was confirmed by culturing the causal agent and/or by immunological diagnosis. The daily dosage of Rocephin ranged between 15 and 200 mg/kg administered in 2 i.m. injections. A cure was achieved in cases of meningococcal meningitis (1 case with ...
Kaplan C - - 1980
Legionnaires' disease (LD) was first identified as an epidemic pneumonia occurring in the USA in 1976. Sporadic cases have since been identified in many countries. This report describes the first 2 cases in South Africa of LD with pneumonia in patients in whom the diagnosis was established by the finding ...
Schulman P - - 1980
Myelomatous meningitis is a rare occurrence in multiple myeloma. We report 2 cases of documented IgD myeloma with cytologic evidence of meningeal involvement in 1 and detailed paraprotein analysis in both. The occurrence of meningeal involvement in this rare form of plasma cell neoplasm may be more common than previously ...
Schraeder P L - - 1980
A 21-year-old man had typical symptoms of hemiplegic migraine. A lumbar puncture demonstrated a significant lymphocytic response and an elevated CSF protein level on the day of and 24 days after the headache despite the absence of any other clinical symptoms. Other reported cases of CSF leukorrhaghia associated with hemiplegic ...
Challa V R - - 1980
Yersinia enterocolitica, a gram negative aerobic non-haemolytic bacillus, has been identified as a cause of meningitis only once before and the neuropathological features of Y. enterocolitica meningitis have not been reported in the literature. We describe the pathological features of a case of acute fatal meningitis caused by Y. enterocolitica, ...
Roberts D B - - 1980
A critical review of the literature concerning bullous myringitis has found one case of possible mycoplasmal, one of possible viral, and 43 of bacterial, etiology. The bacteria were Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and beta-hemolytic Streptococcus, in the same percentages as found in (nonbullous) otitis media. One of 858 attempts to ...
Bollati A - - 1980
We report the case of a true aneurysm of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) associated with no other pathological findings. After a review of the literature, we emphasize that this case is not associated either with skull traumas, with vascular hypertension or with Paget's disease of the skull. Histological examination ...
Dahm L J - - 1980
Serious Plesiomonas (Aeromonas) shigelloides infections have rarely been reported, and have probably been missed because this organism is very similar to the Enterobacteriaceae in associated clinical disease, and in properties investigated in the diagnostic laboratory. A case of overwhelming neonatal meningitis and sepsis is discussed, and the use of the ...
Solmonson S R - - 1980
There is a broad spectrum of disease encompassed by the various forms of eosinophilic pneumonia. Variations in both clinical course and histologic picture make these conditions difficult to classify. A case is reported of an 18-year-old black female, seven weeks postpartum, who presented with distinctive subcutaneous nodules on her extremities. ...
van den Bergh R - - 1980
The authors present a case history of a meningeal arteriovenous malformation, presenting as a pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. Subarachnoid hemorrhage did not occur and brain configuration was normal on CT-scan. The pathogenesis of papilledema in this case is discussed. Probably the cause must be sought in the massive overload of the ...
Schmidt U - - 1980
Five cases of extra-intestinal Campylobacter fetus infections are described and an additional 242 cases are reviewed from the literature. A variety of clinical syndromes are encountered including endocarditis; thrombophlebitis; meningitis; pneumonia and pleuritis; and infectious arthritis. Thirty-eight per cent of patients presented with bacteremia enteritis. Campylobacter fetus demonstrates a preference ...
Silva C A - - 1980
The clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of two cases of neurobrucellosis are described. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein electrophoresis showed increased gamma-globulins and decreased relative values of pre-albumin and albumin, associated to high values of total CSF protein. The evidence of oligoclonal morphology of CSF gamma-globulins suggests that part of ...
Tomkins A M - - 1980
The bacterial flora of the upper intestine has been examined in symptomatic expatriate adults with mild tropical malabsorption, without steatorrhoea, persisting for many months after return to a western environment. Seven of the 11 patients had enterobacteria in luminal fluid or mucosal samples in numbers ranging from 10(3) to 10(8) ...
Ginsburg C M - - 1979
During a 14-year period there were 65 cases of pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenzae b; 83% were children less than 2 years of age and 80% of illness occurred in winter and spring. The roentgenographic picture was consolidative pneumonia in 75% and pleural effusions were present in 75% of all ...
Rudin M L - - 1979
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus var anitratus, a nonfermentative grampnegative bacillus, has been infrequently reported as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In this paper we describe the course of six recent patients with community-acquired, bacteremic pneumonia due to this organism and review the six previously reported cases. Our experience suggests this organism is ...
Brook I - - 1979
Meningococcal conjunctivitis is typically described as an acute purulent infection. An atypical case of mild catarrhal conjunctivitis occurred in a 19-year-old college student. The meningococci were identified as Neisseria meningitidis, group A, and were isolated from the throats of the patient and her roommate. The conjunctivitis responded rapidly to treatment ...
McCarthy V P - - 1979
Attention is called to the rarely described clinical entity of pneumococcal infection involving both mother and neonate. A case is described in which neonatal sepsis and puerperal endometritis were documented by isolating Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 from both mother and child. Clinical implications and a review of relevant literature are ...
van Rensburg M J - - 1978
A case of aneurysm of the vein of Galen associated with diffuse meningeal angiectasia is described and compared with a similar reported case. The current literature dealing with arteriovenous malformation of the vein of Galen in young children is reviewed. The need for proper clinical and angiographic examination of all ...
Miner W F - - 1978
Between 1 January 1971 and 31 December 1975, 1,333 patients with acute bacterial meningitis were admitted to the meningitis ward of the Abbassia Fever Hospital. These cases are tabulated by distribution of diagnosis, seasonal distribution, age and sex distribution, and age-specific case fatality ratio. Results are compared with those of ...
Kindley A D - - 1978
Meningitis may be difficult to diagnose. If it is suspected clinically and a first lumbar puncture is normal, a second cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample may be required within a few hours to confirm the diagnosis. A child is presented in whom CSF was normal 14 hours after the onset of ...
Nadol J B JB - - 1978
A retrospective study of 547 cases of meningitis was performed. Of these, 236 were bacterial, 304 were viral, and 7 were fungal in etiology. Of 110 survivors of bacterial meningitis over the age of 2 1/2 years, 23 or 21% suffered partial or complete sensorineural hearing loss. The site of ...
Alberts M C - - 1978
Although the syndrome of carcinomatous meningitis presenting as multiple cranial neuropathies is well known, hearing loss as a presenting complaint has not been previously stressed. Five cases of carcinomatous meningitis beginning as hearing loss are presented and the clinical and laboratory features discussed. A thorough review of the literature summarizes ...
Kallenbach J - - 1977
Four cases of Aspergillus pneumonia occurred in an intensive care unit within a short period. Clusters of cases of invasive aspergillosis are rare and have usually been attributed to excessive contamination of the environment. Extensive environmental studies were, however, negative. Three of the cases were diagnosed ante mortem. One patient ...
Tejani A - - 1977
Meningitis and epiglottitis are the clinical manifestations of severe Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection. Compared with meningitis, epiglottitis occurs in older children. When secondary cases occur within the family, the type of clinical manifestation produced by this serotype is generally similar in siblings. This report concerns the unusual occurrence of ...
Olmstead C B - - 1977
A case of genital herpes associated with aseptic meningitis is presented. The current concepts regarding epidemiology and pathogenesis, with special attention to involvement of the central nervous system, are discussed. The various clinical and laboratory aspects of the disease are briefly discussed. A review of the literature revealed only forty-four ...
Angelillo V A - - 1977
The clinical and radiological findings of four patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia are presented. This brings the total number of cases in the English literature to 27. A comparison of all 27 patients is given. The syndrome can readily be distinguished from other eosinophilic pneumonias. After appropriate evaluation, a therapeutic ...
Hevron J E JE - - 1977
To date only 9 culture-proven cases of herpes simplex virus Type 2 meningitis have been recorded. Presented here is the 10th case with a review of the literature. Although generally a benign disease, its recognition in association with herpes progenitalis must be appreciated to avoid confusion in the treatment of ...
Moore M A - - 1977
One-hundred fifty-four cases of pneumonia occurring over a 6-month period were analyzed. Population characteristics, admission diagnoses, causative pathogens, frequency of associated illnesses, antibiotic usage and mortality were evaluated. Despite population characteristics known to predispose to a poor clinical outcome, the mortality was low, probably because of rapid institution of a ...
Suratt P M - - 1977
Two hundred forty-nine fiberoptic bronchoscopy procedures were surveyed for the presence of bronchoscopy-related pneumonia. The first 103 procedures were performed during a period when the fiberscope was presemably contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Chart review of these 103 procedures and prospective epidemiologic surveillance of the remaining 146 procedures revealed no cases ...
Sicilia T - - 1977
A study has been made of 12 patients with pneumococcal meningitis with ages ranging from 12 months to 59 years. In all cases pneumococcus was isolated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Seventeen pneumococci were studied for their sensitivity to fosfomycin, ampicillin and gentamicin, including their MIC. All were sensitive to ...
Maetz H M - - 1976
Eleven cases of hamster associated lymphocytic choriomeningitis occurred within a space of four months in Jefferson County, Alabama residents. A single Birmingham breeder was the source of the infected hamsters. Ten cases experienced an illness of one to three weeks duration with grippe-like symptoms being most frequent. Complaints of nine ...
Molteni R A - - 1976
A review of 72 cases of epiglottitis seen at the Children's Hospital of Denver was undertaken to determine the incidence of extraepiglottic and septic foci in this disease. A parallel review of the literature was also undertaken. The clinical, bacteriologic, laboratory, and radiologic findings of this patient population are described. ...
Coulehan J L - - 1976
An analysis of 219 confirmed cases of bacterial meningitis among Navajo Indians during a 5-year period, July 1, 1968, through June 30, 1973, revealed that 56 percent were caused by Haemophilus influenzae, 26 percent by Neisseria meningitidis, 6 percent by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and 6 percent by other organisms. The annual ...
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