Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1363
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Sawada Shigeaki - - 2006
We report a case of esophageal perforation caused by an explosion, but which was not diagnosed until 3 days after the injury. A 53-year-old worker sustained superficial dermal burns to his trachea, face, neck, and legs during an explosion. The burns were treated conservatively at a local hospital, but he ...
Sheridan Janie - - 2006
This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sources described cases and others described injury risk as part of an overall review of methamphetamine misuse. Thus, a number of ...
Mäkitie I - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Expanding violence may necessitate treatment of explosion victims, requiring a broadening of existing medical skills and knowlegde of injury mechanisms. The aim of the study was to assess the number, nature and injury pattern of fatal explosion incidents in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of explosion-related ...
De Tanti Antonio - - 2005
This case report describes a patient in vegetative state after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) with hypothalamic damage and clinical manifestations of autonomic dysfunction. He also presented late onset paroxysmal hypothermia associated with mild bradycardia and hypotension. Hypothermia due to traumatic lesions of the hypothalamus is an uncommon clinical problem ...
Healey D L - - 2005
A case of a fatal dog attack on a middle aged woman is presented. The offending dog was her own Bull-mastiff, which had previously shown signs of aggression towards her. Most of the injuries were found on the victim's face, neck and skull. A noteworthy feature of this attack was ...
Pierro M M - - 2005
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of near-drowning and rehabilitation contexts for recovery. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Standardized measures were used to emphasize the functional impact of deficits over the first year post-injury in three children <2 years. Multimodal contexts for meaningful interplay were early adapted to the three cases. MAIN ...
Murphy Colin G - - 2005
Although it is widespread in orthopaedic surgery, tourniquet use is associated with appreciable morbidity and even mortality. We review the use of tourniquets, highlighting how an understanding of their design and application can reduce the complications and injuries associated with their use. We also review the attempts being made to ...
Deng Zheng-Hua - - 2005
To scrutinize the epidemiological characteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province, China. A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862 victims and 2856 offenders were registered. The majority of victims and ...
Ronsivalle Joseph - - 2005
In the trauma setting, penetrating vascular injuries secondary to gunshot wounds need to be addressed promptly and carefully. By identifying the entry and exit sites, the pathway of injury can usually be determined. Vessel injury is typically related to direct vascular trauma or secondary blast injury. On rare occasions, the ...
Walmsley John P - - 2005
The accuracy of the diagnosis of ligamentous and meniscal injuries in the equine stifle has improved significantly in the last 20 years. There are, however, significant limitations in the diagnosis of stifle injuries because of the size and anatomy of the equine stifle. Treatment of soft tissue injuries to the ...
Brisset Ingrid Blanc - - 2006
Freshwater stingrays of the Potamotrygon genus are regarded by native people in the Amazonia as dangerous fishes responsible of frequent stings. Small freshwater stingrays are imported to Europe and sold as aquarium fish because they are easy to keep captive. The purpose of this report is to describe two new ...
Manipady Shahnavaz - - 2006
Attacks on humans by wild animals causing fatal injuries are not uncommon in rural and forest areas of India. But death occurring due to attack by a wild boar is rare. As the victims of boar attack are usually recovered from dense forest areas, the investigating officers could be misled ...
Hidalgo-Ovejero Angel M - - 2005
Isolated dislocation of the first cuneiform bone is an extremely rare lesion that can usually be diagnosed on plain radiography. Few cases of this injury have been previously described in the literature. The case presented here resulted from a torsion injury and was treated by means of closed reduction with ...
Wilson S M - - 2006
Wrist injuries in the gymnast are due to the transformation of the upper extremity into a weight bearing entity. Gymnast wrist pain presents a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Here, we present a new case of extensor tendon impingement in an elite gymnast. To our knowledge, there is no similar ...
Pollack K M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the published evidence on interventions to prevent softball related injuries among adults, and to encourage more epidemiologic research as a foundation for future softball injury prevention efforts. METHODS: The authors reviewed literature identified from six electronic databases for studies on softball related injuries. The search was limited ...
Kompus Tiina - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the number of injuries inflicted on victim during violent assault and other variables, characterizing the offender and the assault. The study is based on all the cases that were processed at the City Court of Tallinn, Estonia in ...
Elliott S - - 2006
Case reports. To present a series of cases of protracted and severe autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in men with spinal cord injury (SCI), who sustained damage to their descending autonomic pathways. GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Sexual Health Rehabilitation Service, Vancouver Sperm Retrieval Clinic, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, Vancouver, BC, Canada. AD ...
Mackenzie J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Expectations about effects of minor traumatic brain injury (MTBI) may play a role in maintaining symptoms, the ability to simulate post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and the extent to which professionals might associate patient complaints with MTBI. In turn, expectations will be related to knowledge about MTBI. This study investigates knowledge ...
Petty Jane - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this paper we review literature published in 2004 on self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Reviewed studies examine phenomenology and comorbidity, pharmacological and other interventions, genetic syndromes, and behavioural assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Key findings include the possible association between self-injury and impulse control ...
Revuelta Regina - - 2005
The increasing popularity of high-risk extreme sports such as acrobatic biking, mountain biking, skateboarding, or rollerblading is becoming a notable cause of maxillofacial injuries. Dentists should, therefore, be familiar with the presentation and management of uncommon maxillofacial injuries as a result of these extreme sports. The purpose of this article ...
Blok Agnieszka - - 2005
Background. The purpose of this paper is to describe the frequency, pathophysiology and clinical sequelae of synovial plica of the knee. This structure is a remnant of tissue pouches found in the early stages of fetal growth. Symptomatic plica syndrome develops when the medial plica is irritated by injuries, an ...
Sciortino Stanley - - 2005
GOALS: Police reports of severely injured pedestrians help identify hazardous traffic areas in San Francisco, but they under-report non-fatal collisions. We set out to: identify injured pedestrians who were missing from police collision reports, see what biases exist in injury reporting and assess the utility of broad categories of police ...
Fedakar Recep - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite many published retrospective analyses on cardiac injuries in treated patients, there is a striking scarcity of population-based studies that include autopsies. OBJECTIVES: To provide data on fatal traumatic heart wounds in autopsied cases. METHODS: We reviewed 2,487 medico-legal autopsy records from the morgue of the Bursa branch of ...
Goldsmith William W - - 2005
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a complication associated with blood product administration. Although it is well described in the critical care and hematology literature, there is a paucity of information found in the anesthesiology literature. Because most transfusions are administered in the surgical arena, it is important that anesthesiologists ...
Aganovic Lejla - - 2005
Blunt traumatic aortic and tracheobronchial injuries are extremely rare in children. We report a case of a 5 year old male who suffered both of these rare injuries (traumatic aortic rupture and left mainstem bronchus transaction). To our knowledge this combination of injuries has not been previously described in a ...
Bansal Rajeev - - 2005
We report a case of acute post-traumatic snapping of the biceps femoris tendon following a soccer injury. Surgical stabilisation, achieved by re-routing the tendon insertion through a tunnel in the fibular head, resolved the symptoms after conservative management failed. We believe this is the first report of a 'snapping knee' ...
Zeren Bülent - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Professional and amateur soccer players often perform dramatic on-field feats of celebration after scoring a goal. Injuries may occur during these activities. PURPOSE: With the aim of preventing such "score-celebration injuries" in the future, the authors examine these events in professional soccer players and discuss potential avenues for prevention. ...
Vialle Luiz R - - 2005
Pediatric spine injuries are rare, not only due to the plasticity of the pediatric spine, but also due to the difficulty of diagnosis and the usually severe, if not fatal, associated injuries. Mechanisms of injury, transportation, initial management, diagnostic exams, and management of such lesions are different from those of ...
Wall Matthew J MJ - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Blunt injury of the pericardium with strangulation of the heart is a rare clinical injury. METHODS: We conducted a review of clinical records and performed prospective collection of forensic data from a large urban medical examiner's office. RESULTS: Ten cases of blunt injury to the pericardium were identified. All ...
Tran De Q H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes the successful use of early stellate ganglion block to salvage an acutely ischemic hand caused by the extravasation of vasopressors. CASE REPORT: A young man with a gunshot wound to the right inguinal area was brought to the operating room for surgical hemostasis and exploration. ...
Mohanty Sachidananda - - 2005
Homicide represents one of the leading causes of death, and the head is the target in the majority of cases. The objective of the present study was to analyze the pattern of head injury among homicidal death victims. Information was obtained by interviewing the accompanying persons, post-mortem examination and perusal ...
Romero Martin - - 2005
Oral and peri-oral structures can be traumatized by self-injurious behavior (SIB). Various articles have described prostheses used to prevent SIB-related injuries to the oral tissues of patients who have developmental or medical problems, such as psychological problems, congenital syndromes or mental retardation; however, reports of oral SIB in individuals unaffected ...
Kenney Kristin S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although air bags are placed in automobiles to act as safety devices, they have been shown to carry a risk of injury themselves. Ocular injury, in particular, can often be a direct consequence of air bag deployment. A case of ocular air bag injury is presented. A discussion and ...
Hagel Brent - - 2005
The objective of this investigation was to determine the effect of wrist guard use on all upper-extremity injuries in snowboarders. This matched case-control study was conducted at 19 ski areas in Quebec, Canada. Cases were 1,066 injured snowboarders who reported upper-extremity injuries to the ski patrol during the 2001-2002 season. ...
Hansen Jennifer K - - 2006
Vocal fold scarring is the greatest cause of poor voice after vocal fold injury. Scarring causes a disruption of the viscoelastic layered structure of the lamina propria, an increase in stiffness of the vibratory structure, and glottic incompetence. Current treatments for this complex condition are inconsistent and often produce suboptimal ...
Karabatsou Konstantina - - 2005
A 32-year-old Caucasian male with a history of repeated self-injury drilled a hole in his skull using a power tool and subsequently introduced intracerebrally a binding wire from a sketch pad. An emergency craniotomy was performed around the site of cranial injury, and the foreign body was carefully extracted. The ...
Jones Alwyn - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A case of L4 spinous process avulsion following a hyperflexion injury treated with surgical excision. OBJECTIVE: To show that single photon emission computerized tomography is essential for the diagnosis and that excision can provide a successful outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The avulsion resulted from a forced hyperflexion ...
Reichard R R - - 2005
The neuropathologist involved in forensic work is not uncommonly confronted with a case in which there is no or only a limited history or, if available, the information is uncertain or is often conflicting. In recent years the immunohistochemical stain beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) has been used to assess the ...
Merican A M - - 2005
Near total amputation of the upper limb if unsalvageable would cause severe disability. However, delayed revascularisation can be life threatening. We report two cases of revascularisation of the upper limb following near total amputation that was successful and functional after a warm ischaemic time of ten hours. The first was ...
Heater Douglas Winston - - 2005
Although uncommon and rarely reported, pharyngoesophageal perforation has medical and legal consequences of substantial proportion. Perforation of the upper aerodigestive system may result in severe airway complications that include pneumothorax, pneumonia, mediastinitis, and retropharyngeal abscess. Despite the relative rare occurrence of esophageal perforation during intubation, this type of injury is ...
Sumpter Ruth E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic brain injury is unclear. One issue involves the validity of diagnosis using self-report questionnaires. AIMS: To compare PTSD'caseness' arising from questionnaire self-report and structured interview. METHOD: Participants (n=34) with traumatic brain injury were recruited. Screening measures and self-report questionnaires were ...
Schoderbek Robert J - - 2005
Traumatic hemipelvectomy is a rare but devastating injury involving complete disruption of the hemipelvis from the pubic symphysis to the sacroiliac joints and often results in death. We present an interesting case of traumatic hemipelvectomy caused by a previously undescribed mechanism of injury in which judicious angiography and aggressive surgical ...
Janousek Petr - - 2005
Over the past few years, the ENT clinic in Motol has noticed an alarming increase in the number of cases of severe upper GIT injury in children, in the majority of cases caused by accidental ingestion of corrosives. Suicidal and homicidal cases in the paediatric population are rare. The following ...
Ebrahim Irshaad Osman - - 2005
Study Objectives: Hypersomnia following head injury is quite common, but the diagnosis of posttraumatic narcolepsy has tended to court controversy to the extent that the existence of this disorder has been questioned. The recent discovery of the hypocretins (orexins) and the subsequent confirmation that their deficiency causes narcolepsy have shed ...
Reijnders Udo J L - - 2005
This study explores the ability of Dutch general practitioners (GPs) in recognising types of injury. In the three sample cases, 48-91% classified the injury correctly. Only 9% of GPs recognised self-harm injury and in the 3rd case (child abuse) only 15% referred to the improbability of the account given. Only ...
Hoskins Wayne T - - 2005
Hamstring injuries are the most prevalent injury in Australian Rules football. There is a lack of evidence based literature on the treatment, prevention and management of hamstring injuries, although it is agreed that the etiology is complicated and multi-factorial. We present two cases of hamstring injury that had full resolution ...
McCann Philip A - - 2005
Penile injuries are relatively uncommon. The crush injury mediated by entrapment of the skin between the teeth and fastener of a zipper mechanism has been described. It is seen more commonly in uncircumcised children than adults. A number of treatment methods have been mentioned in the literature. An adult case ...
Herr Harry W - - 2005
PURPOSE: We compiled all cases of urethral injury received in battle during the Civil War to detail their management and determine the outcome of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgeon medical reports of individual cases of urethral injury listed in the Medical and Surgical History of the Civil War, and pension ...
Jacob Jeffrey T - - 2005
The authors present the unusual case of a 9-year-old girl who sustained injury to her brainstem as a result of the orbital penetration of a metal projectile (nail) into the juxtamedullary region. This case and others reported in the literature associate this type of injury with relatively minor complications. Thorough ...
Bhadani Umesh Kumar - - 2005
Low voltage energy source is not free from danger. An exceptionally rare and peculiar mode of facial blast injury is reported. The blast took place silently in the mouth of a 15-year-old boy, due to short-circuiting of wires connected to a12-volt car battery while peeling off insulation with the intent ...
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