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Kwek Kenneth - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency that is often unpredictable and unanticipated. Despite the identification of various clinical risk factors, our ability to predict and prevent shoulder dystocia is very limited. Effective and timely clinical management is essential to offer the best chance of a satisfactory outcome. ...
Maheshwari Aditya V - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Though physeal injuries are common in children, concomitant multiple closed contiguous physeal injuries in a limb along with vascular compromise are rare. An associated distractional-separation type of physeal injury is being documented for the first time. We present here two such cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two children, aged 6 ...
Du Mont J - - 2006
This article examines judicial descriptions of and responses to intimate partner sexual assaults in the Canadian context. Drawing on data from sexual assault sentencing judgments, we investigated 186 cases across four categories of perpetrator-victim relationship. Offence and case-related characteristics, as well as sentencing outcomes were analyzed. The data indicated notable ...
Eardley W G P - - 2006
Ninety-two retrospective cases of human bite injury referred to a Plastic Surgery department are presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the relationship of alcohol intake to these injuries, their distribution and subsequent management. A review of the literature is conducted. The human bite is a leisure time injury of the ...
Wedmore Ian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage remains a leading cause of death in both civilian and military trauma patients. The HemCon chitosan-based hemostatic dressing is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for hemorrhage control. Animal data have shown the HemCon dressing to reduce hemorrhage and improve survival. The purpose of this ...
Kawamoto Kouei - - 2006
Although epidemiological studies on epiphyseal injury have been reported, such studies have not been made systematically in Japan. In this study, we examined the incidence of epiphyseal injury in paediatric patients treated at five general hospitals and three private clinics. We treated the patients with limb injuries between January 1992 ...
Orabi A A - - 2006
Isolated fracture of the malleus seems to be an extremely rare ossicular injury. All previously reported cases involved the handle of the malleus. This is the first reported case of fracture of the neck of the malleus. The diagnosis can easily be missed because the tympanic membrane remains intact. Furthermore, ...
Maskell Fiona - - 2006
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may result in a variety of cognitive, behavioural and physical impairments. Dizziness has been reported in up to 80% of cases within the first few days after injury. The literature was reviewed to attempt to delineate prevalence of dizziness as a symptom, impairments causing dizziness, the ...
Chloros George D - - 2006
Isolated dislocation of the carpal scaphoid is an extremely rare injury. The authors report herein a case of a 28-year-old man managed with open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation. The aim of this study is to comprehensively present this unusual injury along with its treatment and to attempt to merge ...
Ting J Y - - 2006
Splenic injuries are very rare in neonates. We report a case of splenic injury in a premature neonate, highlighting the importance of a high-index suspicion in early recognition of this rare but potentially fatal intra-abdominal injury. We also review the literature on possible aetiologies and mechanism of splenic injury, as ...
Shea Adams Christine M - - 2006
In a simulated products liability trial, we tested the effects of bifurcating decisions regarding compensatory and punitive damage awards. Fifty-nine groups of 5-7 jurors heard evidence in a unitary or bifurcated format, deliberated about the case to a unanimous decision, and awarded damages. Trial bifurcation decreased variability in compensatory damage ...
Chang Yi-Cheng - - 2006
Neuropsychiatric or cognitive disturbances are common complications after traumatic brain injury. They are commonly regarded as irreversible sequelae of organic brain injuries. We report a case of hypopituitarism in a 77-year-old man who presented with long-term neuropsychiatric disturbances, including cognitive impairment, disturbed sleep patterns, personality change, loss of affect, and ...
Chi Chia-Fen - - 2006
In 2000, the accident rate for escalator riding was about 0.815 accidents per million passenger trips through Taipei Metro Rapid Transit (MRT) heavy capacity stations. In order to reduce the probability and severity of escalator riding accidents and enhance the safety of passengers, the Drury and Brill model [Drury, C.G., ...
Khan M Akram - - 2006
Human injuries caused by animals are not uncommon and have been reported in the literature on many occasions. Most of the animals commonly involved are dogs, cats, cows, horses and camels. Injuries are usually on the trunk or limbs and sometimes on the face. Human injuries caused by an ostrich ...
McKenna David A - - 2006
Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a devastating condition that frequently results in prehospital cardiorespiratory arrest and accounts for 15% of fatal spinal trauma. Atlanto-occipital dislocation occurs 5 times more commonly in children than adults, and is believed to be caused by hyperextension. Because of improvements in prehospital resuscitation, more victims with ...
Mori T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The most common head injury in sports is concussion, and repeated concussions occurring within a short period occasionally can be fatal. Acute subdural hematoma is the most common severe head injury and can be associated with severe neurologic disability and death in sports. We investigated severe brain damage resulting ...
Tatli Mehmet - - 2006
Anesthesia dolorosa (AD) is an uncommon complication of surgical treatments for trigeminal neuralgia. Its incidence is around 0.8%. To our best knowledge, AD caused by a penetrating cranial injury has not been reported previously. We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient with left-sided neuropathic keratitis and AD that ...
Jakubietz Rafael G - - 2006
Digital avulsions and amputations are not uncommon in outdoor activities. Rope entanglement is often the cause, though specific descriptions of the mechanism of injury have not been reported. We report a common scenario where entanglement during a fall resulted in an amputation injury. Although any roping activity may cause a ...
Bull William - - 2006
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Wheelchair-related injuries are common, and with proper reporting of injuries, advanced technologic support may offer new ways to prevent those injuries. METHOD: Case REPORT AND FINDINGS: A man with tetraplegia who retains only minimal use of his right hand experienced a right-sided armrest malfunction of his wheelchair resulting in ...
Ekabua J E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A woman who is sexually assaulted experiences intense anxiety and fear. The associated stigmatization often results in under reporting and management difficulties. The aims of this study are to document the types of injuries seen in victims of sexual assault and to highlight problems in management of cases. METHOD: ...
Kumar Arun - - 2006
Penetrating head injuries in children constitute only a small part of the total number of traumatic head injuries seen in casualty. A number of household articles have been described to cause penetrating injuries, apart from gunshot and pellet injuries. We describe, for the first time, an unusual case of penetrating ...
Sawada Shigeaki - - 2006
We report a case of esophageal perforation caused by an explosion, but which was not diagnosed until 3 days after the injury. A 53-year-old worker sustained superficial dermal burns to his trachea, face, neck, and legs during an explosion. The burns were treated conservatively at a local hospital, but he ...
Sheridan Janie - - 2006
This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sources described cases and others described injury risk as part of an overall review of methamphetamine misuse. Thus, a number of ...
Mäkitie I - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Expanding violence may necessitate treatment of explosion victims, requiring a broadening of existing medical skills and knowlegde of injury mechanisms. The aim of the study was to assess the number, nature and injury pattern of fatal explosion incidents in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of explosion-related ...
De Tanti Antonio - - 2005
This case report describes a patient in vegetative state after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) with hypothalamic damage and clinical manifestations of autonomic dysfunction. He also presented late onset paroxysmal hypothermia associated with mild bradycardia and hypotension. Hypothermia due to traumatic lesions of the hypothalamus is an uncommon clinical problem ...
Healey D L - - 2005
A case of a fatal dog attack on a middle aged woman is presented. The offending dog was her own Bull-mastiff, which had previously shown signs of aggression towards her. Most of the injuries were found on the victim's face, neck and skull. A noteworthy feature of this attack was ...
Pierro M M - - 2005
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of near-drowning and rehabilitation contexts for recovery. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Standardized measures were used to emphasize the functional impact of deficits over the first year post-injury in three children <2 years. Multimodal contexts for meaningful interplay were early adapted to the three cases. MAIN ...
Murphy Colin G - - 2005
Although it is widespread in orthopaedic surgery, tourniquet use is associated with appreciable morbidity and even mortality. We review the use of tourniquets, highlighting how an understanding of their design and application can reduce the complications and injuries associated with their use. We also review the attempts being made to ...
Deng Zheng-Hua - - 2005
To scrutinize the epidemiological characteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province, China. A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862 victims and 2856 offenders were registered. The majority of victims and ...
Ronsivalle Joseph - - 2005
In the trauma setting, penetrating vascular injuries secondary to gunshot wounds need to be addressed promptly and carefully. By identifying the entry and exit sites, the pathway of injury can usually be determined. Vessel injury is typically related to direct vascular trauma or secondary blast injury. On rare occasions, the ...
Walmsley John P - - 2005
The accuracy of the diagnosis of ligamentous and meniscal injuries in the equine stifle has improved significantly in the last 20 years. There are, however, significant limitations in the diagnosis of stifle injuries because of the size and anatomy of the equine stifle. Treatment of soft tissue injuries to the ...
Brisset Ingrid Blanc - - 2006
Freshwater stingrays of the Potamotrygon genus are regarded by native people in the Amazonia as dangerous fishes responsible of frequent stings. Small freshwater stingrays are imported to Europe and sold as aquarium fish because they are easy to keep captive. The purpose of this report is to describe two new ...
Manipady Shahnavaz - - 2006
Attacks on humans by wild animals causing fatal injuries are not uncommon in rural and forest areas of India. But death occurring due to attack by a wild boar is rare. As the victims of boar attack are usually recovered from dense forest areas, the investigating officers could be misled ...
Hidalgo-Ovejero Angel M - - 2005
Isolated dislocation of the first cuneiform bone is an extremely rare lesion that can usually be diagnosed on plain radiography. Few cases of this injury have been previously described in the literature. The case presented here resulted from a torsion injury and was treated by means of closed reduction with ...
Wilson S M - - 2006
Wrist injuries in the gymnast are due to the transformation of the upper extremity into a weight bearing entity. Gymnast wrist pain presents a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Here, we present a new case of extensor tendon impingement in an elite gymnast. To our knowledge, there is no similar ...
Pollack K M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the published evidence on interventions to prevent softball related injuries among adults, and to encourage more epidemiologic research as a foundation for future softball injury prevention efforts. METHODS: The authors reviewed literature identified from six electronic databases for studies on softball related injuries. The search was limited ...
Kompus Tiina - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the number of injuries inflicted on victim during violent assault and other variables, characterizing the offender and the assault. The study is based on all the cases that were processed at the City Court of Tallinn, Estonia in ...
Elliott S - - 2006
Case reports. To present a series of cases of protracted and severe autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in men with spinal cord injury (SCI), who sustained damage to their descending autonomic pathways. GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Sexual Health Rehabilitation Service, Vancouver Sperm Retrieval Clinic, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority, Vancouver, BC, Canada. AD ...
Mackenzie J A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Expectations about effects of minor traumatic brain injury (MTBI) may play a role in maintaining symptoms, the ability to simulate post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and the extent to which professionals might associate patient complaints with MTBI. In turn, expectations will be related to knowledge about MTBI. This study investigates knowledge ...
Petty Jane - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this paper we review literature published in 2004 on self-injurious behaviour in individuals with intellectual disabilities. Reviewed studies examine phenomenology and comorbidity, pharmacological and other interventions, genetic syndromes, and behavioural assessment and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Key findings include the possible association between self-injury and impulse control ...
Revuelta Regina - - 2005
The increasing popularity of high-risk extreme sports such as acrobatic biking, mountain biking, skateboarding, or rollerblading is becoming a notable cause of maxillofacial injuries. Dentists should, therefore, be familiar with the presentation and management of uncommon maxillofacial injuries as a result of these extreme sports. The purpose of this article ...
Blok Agnieszka - - 2005
Background. The purpose of this paper is to describe the frequency, pathophysiology and clinical sequelae of synovial plica of the knee. This structure is a remnant of tissue pouches found in the early stages of fetal growth. Symptomatic plica syndrome develops when the medial plica is irritated by injuries, an ...
Sciortino Stanley - - 2005
GOALS: Police reports of severely injured pedestrians help identify hazardous traffic areas in San Francisco, but they under-report non-fatal collisions. We set out to: identify injured pedestrians who were missing from police collision reports, see what biases exist in injury reporting and assess the utility of broad categories of police ...
Fedakar Recep - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite many published retrospective analyses on cardiac injuries in treated patients, there is a striking scarcity of population-based studies that include autopsies. OBJECTIVES: To provide data on fatal traumatic heart wounds in autopsied cases. METHODS: We reviewed 2,487 medico-legal autopsy records from the morgue of the Bursa branch of ...
Goldsmith William W - - 2005
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a complication associated with blood product administration. Although it is well described in the critical care and hematology literature, there is a paucity of information found in the anesthesiology literature. Because most transfusions are administered in the surgical arena, it is important that anesthesiologists ...
Aganovic Lejla - - 2005
Blunt traumatic aortic and tracheobronchial injuries are extremely rare in children. We report a case of a 5 year old male who suffered both of these rare injuries (traumatic aortic rupture and left mainstem bronchus transaction). To our knowledge this combination of injuries has not been previously described in a ...
Bansal Rajeev - - 2005
We report a case of acute post-traumatic snapping of the biceps femoris tendon following a soccer injury. Surgical stabilisation, achieved by re-routing the tendon insertion through a tunnel in the fibular head, resolved the symptoms after conservative management failed. We believe this is the first report of a 'snapping knee' ...
Zeren Bülent - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Professional and amateur soccer players often perform dramatic on-field feats of celebration after scoring a goal. Injuries may occur during these activities. PURPOSE: With the aim of preventing such "score-celebration injuries" in the future, the authors examine these events in professional soccer players and discuss potential avenues for prevention. ...
Vialle Luiz R - - 2005
Pediatric spine injuries are rare, not only due to the plasticity of the pediatric spine, but also due to the difficulty of diagnosis and the usually severe, if not fatal, associated injuries. Mechanisms of injury, transportation, initial management, diagnostic exams, and management of such lesions are different from those of ...
Wall Matthew J MJ - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Blunt injury of the pericardium with strangulation of the heart is a rare clinical injury. METHODS: We conducted a review of clinical records and performed prospective collection of forensic data from a large urban medical examiner's office. RESULTS: Ten cases of blunt injury to the pericardium were identified. All ...
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