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Dall G F - - 2006
More tourists are visiting the idyllic waters of the South Pacific each year. They share the shallow waters with the native wildlife, including the venomous stonefish. Although the injection of its venom has been reported to have occasional fatal neuromuscular and cardiovascular sequelae, severe tissue necrosis at the injection site ...
Gerdes Erik M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rock climbing is gaining popularity. The injury patterns and safety practices of climbers have not been well described. This study seeks to identify the general injury patterns and safety practices associated with rock climbing. METHODS: An anonymous multiple choice, Likert scale, and short-answer Internet survey was posted on several ...
Kridel Russell W H - - 2006
This article reviews the case of a 31-year-old female who had originally sustained a softball injury to her face and nose. Four years after the injury, she underwent her first rhinoplasty, which included spreader grafts. Unfortunately, a few months later, she sustained further nasal trauma, motivating her to seek a ...
Kennedy Joel - - 2006
Hockey is enjoyed by millions of people around the world and is a sport in which aggression is encouraged and injuries are common. Although body-checking is the most common cause of injury in hockey today, hockey sticks are associated with up to 14% of injuries. We report a case of ...
Phaneuf Lise R - - 2006
This case report describes sublaryngeal tracheal injury and ulceration in 15 rabbits from 3 institutions as sequelae to routine intubation and general anesthesia with isoflurane in oxygen. The rabbits were intubated for general anesthesia and mechanically ventilated for experimentally diverse procedures, with periods of anesthesia lasting 1.5 to 5 h. ...
Lawrence Bruce A - - 2007
This study evaluates the quality of injury-related coding in state hospital data and their usefulness to injury researchers. Using 1997 hospital discharge records from 19 states, hospitalized non-fatal injury-related cases were identified by first selecting all cases that met broad criteria for injury, and then dropping cases that appeared incorrectly ...
Wahl Peter - - 2006
Less-lethal weapons are used in law enforcement to neutralize combative individuals and to disperse riot crowds. Local police recently used such an impact weapon, the Flash-Ball, in two different situations. This gun fires large rubber bullets with kinetic energies around 200 J. Although it is designed to avoid skin penetration, ...
Freund Brian - - 2006
Cervical whiplash injuries are common and yet poorly understood. Several of these cases become chronic for unknown reasons and defy most forms of musculoskeletal therapy. Botulinum toxin has shown promise in selected cases in which soft tissue injury predominates. In conjunction with a good biomechanical assessment and appropriate physical rehabilitation ...
Hay Alastair - - 2006
A new riot control agent, used by the Israeli army against civilians protesting about the Separation Wall on the West Bank, has been reported as causing severe skin injuries. We obtained one of the munitions and have identified the contents as capsaicin with an inert carrier and a dispersal agent. ...
Yap Stanley A - - 2006
We report a case of traumatic testicular injury resulting in significant loss of both tunica albuginea and seminiferous tubules. Secondary to the substantial tissue loss, our approach to surgical reconstruction required a certain degree of creativity. The injury was managed by creating a single midline testis with two distinct blood ...
Luebke Thomas - - 2006
Splenic rupture after colonoscopy is rare. Only 44 cases previously have been reported in the English literature. Partial capsular avulsion is the proposed mechanism of injury. Any condition causing increased splenocolic adhesions may be a predisposing factor to splenic injury. One case of splenic injury after colonoscopy is reported in ...
Rossetto André Luiz - - 2006
Injuries caused by venomous and poisonous aquatic animals may provoke important morbidity in humans. The phylum Echinoderma include more than 6000 species of starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers some of which have been found responsible for injuries to humans. Initial injuries by sea urchins are associated with ...
Turbin Roger E - - 2006
The authors present an illustrative case of occult transorbital penetrating intracranial injury in a child, and review the literature concerning patterns of low-velocity, non-projectile injury during the era of modern CT and MRI study. Review of the mechanism of injury and analysis of surface entry site of penetration in 38 ...
Kim Sendia - - 2006
Rectal impalement involves foreign body trauma to the anus or rectum resulting in intra- or extraperitoneal rupture. Evaluation of suspected rectal impalement injury involves careful history and physical examination. Ruling out rectal perforation in patients with reported impalement is critical even if there is no evidence of trauma to the ...
Royer Michael C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 43-year-old male presented with the clinical findings of patchy alopecia that contained persistent hair and re-growth of hairs of various lengths, consistent with trichotillomania. A biopsy was performed to confirm the diagnosis.. RESULTS: Histologic evaluation revealed findings consistent with trichotillomania, including trichomalacia. Several hair shafts also showed a ...
Bradley Mahlon A - - 2006
Participation in the sport of figure skating has more than doubled in the past 10 years. The sport has changed with an increased emphasis on free skating, which includes jumps and spins. The actual art of "figure" skating has been eliminated from the sport. With this change, there is an ...
Aslan Sahin - - 2006
Air guns and blank guns may appear relatively harmless at first glance, but they are, in fact, potentially destructive, even lethal, weapons. Approximately 2 to 2.5 million nonpowder firearms are sold annually, and again approximately 12.9 per 100,000 population are treated for such injuries in hospital emergency departments each year ...
Youakim Sami - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Raynaud's phenomenon occurs among automobile mechanics secondary to long-term use of vibrating hand-held tools. It can also occur from traumatic injury to the upper extremity. AIM: This report describes a case of single digit Raynaud's phenomenon in an automobile mechanic due to focal arterial impact trauma. CASE REPORT: A ...
Jones A O - - 2006
The posterior root attachment of the medial meniscus is readily identifiable on MRI. Unless specifically reviewed, injuries involving this structure may be overlooked. Significant meniscal root pathology may cause functional incompetence of the meniscus, with consequent early onset cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis. This review article emphasizes the importance of positive ...
Matthes G - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The airbag is an established car safety device. However, recent studies pointed out that even the airbag might cause injuries. Nevertheless, most physicians do consider a lower risk in accident victims sustaining severe injury of the chest, when a deployed frontal airbag has been reported. We set out to ...
Seidel Jochen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pediatric anesthetists were surveyed regarding their anesthesia management of a screaming child with a penetrating eye injury. The results are reviewed in relation to the available evidence in the literature. METHODS: A postal survey was sent to all the members of the APA living in the UK. Seven clinical ...
Kalebi A Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The 1998 terrorist bombing of the US-Embassy in Nairobi resulted in the highest number of civilian deaths ever recorded from a single urban terrorist bombing in global history. OBJECTIVE: To present forensic findings from the Nairobi terrorist bombing and discuss some contributory factors to the high-fatality witnessed. DESIGN: Desriptive ...
Whitson Bryan A - - 2006
Vacuum injuries, otherwise known as negative pressure injuries, are unique mechanisms of traumatic injury. There are few reports of this mechanism in the literature and, although rare, familiarity with the presentation and management is essential to be life and limb saving. In addition, because of the severe inflammatory process, the ...
Van Eerd Dwayne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is a need to more accurately enumerate workers with musculoskeletal injuries who make lost-time claims to workers compensation boards. The objective of this study is to develop an approach to more accurately enumerate these workers. METHODS: Lost-time claims to the Ontario Workplace Safety & Insurance Board (WSIB) were ...
Stoodley N - - 2006
Non-accidental head injury in infants is not uncommon and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is therefore important to identify it at the earliest opportunity so that appropriate intervention can be made which protects the child from further harm. The whole topic is controversial and the aim of ...
Seider Nir - - 2006
This report describes the clinical and radiologic findings of a child who was stabbed with a pencil tip in his right upper eyelid, in what initially appeared to be an innocuous injury. The child presented again 3 weeks later with a combined orbital and frontal lobe brain abscess. The mechanism ...
Scaglione Mariano - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of chest radiography, single-slice CT and 16-row MDCT in the direct evidence of tracheobronchial injuries. METHODS: Patients with acute tracheobronchial injury were identified from the registry of our level 1 trauma center during a 5-year period ending July 2005. Findings at chest radiograph and CT ...
James H - - 2006
Bite mark analysis is unquestionably the most difficult, and contentious, work undertaken by forensic odontologists. Each injury must be assessed to determine if it was made by human or animal teeth, if the quality of the evidence allows presentation to a Court of Law, and if the pattern can be ...
Massari Michele - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyse animal-related injury features treated in an emergency department. METHODS: Inspection of all reports concerning animal-related injuries treated in the emergency department in 1998-1999, researched through non-codified diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 988 patients (1.66% of annual emergency department visits) were treated in the emergency department for animal-related ...
Das Adhikari Debasis - - 2006
Scapulothoracic dissociation (SCTD) is a rare clinical entity with fewer than 70 cases reported in English literature. The mechanism of injury is severe rotational force, which causes disruption of the shoulder girdle from the rest of chest wall. Frequently, SCTD produces massive blood loss as it involves major fractures of ...
Orbell James - - 2006
A case in which a handlebar injury to the abdomen resulted in a common hepatic duct tear is presented. This injury has not been previously documented in the literature. The case emphasizes the diverse and potentially serious consequences of handlebar injuries in children, and reminds us that the presentation may ...
Mozer Mark A - - 2006
Reports of waterskiing-related injuries are limited in the medical literature. The authors report a case of a unique waterskiing injury that progressed into a necrotizing foot infection in a well-controlled insulin-dependent diabetic. This case shows that with aggressive therapy, including hyperbaric oxygen treatments and use of a wound vacuum-assisted closure ...
Chen Derek - - 2006
Tracheal lacerations resulting from endotracheal intubation are extremely rare. We report a case where the initial diagnosis was misled by the radiological findings. Our case uniquely emphasizes several issues pertinent to the management of tracheal lacerations. We review the published works on this topic and emphasize the role of fibre-optic ...
Pole Jason D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies have used insurer-reported compensable days absent as an outcome measure when studying work-related injury or illness. Compared to self-reported days absent, insurer data are less expensive to collect. Previous work has identified that insurer-claims data consistently underestimate the duration of days absent when compared to self-report. The objective ...
Brenner Kevin A - - 2006
Coronal craniosynostosis of both the sporadic and syndromic types have been comprehensively described and extensively investigated. Previously, there have been no cases reported of acquired unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. We present a case of a 22-month-old male who developed a left unilateral coronal craniosynostosis following multiple surgical interventions for birth-related intracranial ...
Levin Pamela F - - 2006
The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the magnitude, nature, and costs of assault injuries among teachers, a high-risk group. Review of assault cases (N = 341) was based on internal and case management vendor records. The 3-year assault rate was 3.24 per 1,000 teachers. Assaults were predominately ...
Aidinian Gilbert - - 2006
Blunt abdominal aortic injury from trauma is extremely rare. It is generally from motor vehicular crashes resulting in dissection, intramural hematoma, or free rupture. Timely recognition and treatment of this injury are essential for a chance for survival. To the authors knowledge, this is the first reported case of successful ...
Dolinak David - - 2006
CONTEXT: Inflicted traumatic brain injury of infants and young children results in a complex array of autopsy findings. In many cases, immunostains for beta-amyloid precursor protein are used to detect axonal injury. Interpretation of the gross, microscopic, and immunostaining results requires the integration of the many facets of the individual ...
Wong Edward H N - - 2006
Tracheobronchial injuries from trauma can be life threatening. We present a case report of a 23-year-old man who suffered a left main bronchus transection after a motorbike accident. The diagnostic and management issues surrounding tracheobronchial injuries are reviewed. Early diagnosis and treatment lead to the best outcome, with almost complete ...
Belknap Steven M - - 2006
Gemcitabine is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent structurally and pharmacologically similar to cytarabine. Recently, instances of severe gemcitabine-associated lung injury have been reported. Herein, investigators affiliated with the Research on Adverse Drug Events and Reports (RADAR) pharmacovigilance program evaluated clinical characteristics of gemcitabine-associated severe acute lung injury from clinical trial ...
Pluim B M - - 2006
A systematic search of published reports was carried out in three electronic databases from 1966 on to identify relevant articles relating to tennis injuries. There were 39 case reports, 49 laboratory studies, 28 descriptive epidemiological studies, and three analytical epidemiological studies. The principal findings of the review were: first, there ...
Bharam Srino - - 2006
Labral tears in athletes can lead to disabling hip pain and affect their athletic performance. Other intra-articular lesions, including chondral injuries, capsular abnormalities, and ligamentum teres tears, commonly coexist with acetabular labral tears. Isolated athletic injury or repetitive traumatic activity can lead to labral tears; however, underlying structural (femoroacetabular impingement) ...
Smith Andrew R E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review the epidemiology of serious ocular trauma presenting to Cairns Base Hospital, from the far north Queensland health districts. METHODS: A retrospective study of cases from January 1995 to November 2002 inclusive. Cases were analysed with respect to demographics, cause and nature of injury, method of transport and ...
Rautji R - - 2006
Anatomic trauma scoring systems are fundamental to trauma research. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and its derivative, the Injury Severity Score (ISS), are the most frequently used scales. In a prospective study, 400 autopsies of road traffic accident victims performed between January 2002 and December 2003 were coded according to ...
Kuligod F S - - 2006
Air guns (air rifles) are used throughout the world as instruments of amusement such as toys in funfairs, for bird hunting and firearms training. In India and in many other countries, this instrument neither comes under the purview of the Arms Act, nor is there is any restriction on the ...
Banthia P - - 2006
Several studies have shown that road traffic injuries are a major cause of death and disability globally, with a disproportionate number occurring in developing countries. The growth in numbers of motor vehicles is a major contributing factor in the rising toll of fatalities and injuries from road traffic crashes in ...
Kwek Kenneth - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency that is often unpredictable and unanticipated. Despite the identification of various clinical risk factors, our ability to predict and prevent shoulder dystocia is very limited. Effective and timely clinical management is essential to offer the best chance of a satisfactory outcome. ...
Maheshwari Aditya V - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Though physeal injuries are common in children, concomitant multiple closed contiguous physeal injuries in a limb along with vascular compromise are rare. An associated distractional-separation type of physeal injury is being documented for the first time. We present here two such cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two children, aged 6 ...
Du Mont J - - 2006
This article examines judicial descriptions of and responses to intimate partner sexual assaults in the Canadian context. Drawing on data from sexual assault sentencing judgments, we investigated 186 cases across four categories of perpetrator-victim relationship. Offence and case-related characteristics, as well as sentencing outcomes were analyzed. The data indicated notable ...
Eardley W G P - - 2006
Ninety-two retrospective cases of human bite injury referred to a Plastic Surgery department are presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the relationship of alcohol intake to these injuries, their distribution and subsequent management. A review of the literature is conducted. The human bite is a leisure time injury of the ...
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