Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1362
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Jones A O - - 2006
The posterior root attachment of the medial meniscus is readily identifiable on MRI. Unless specifically reviewed, injuries involving this structure may be overlooked. Significant meniscal root pathology may cause functional incompetence of the meniscus, with consequent early onset cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis. This review article emphasizes the importance of positive ...
Matthes G - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The airbag is an established car safety device. However, recent studies pointed out that even the airbag might cause injuries. Nevertheless, most physicians do consider a lower risk in accident victims sustaining severe injury of the chest, when a deployed frontal airbag has been reported. We set out to ...
Seidel Jochen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pediatric anesthetists were surveyed regarding their anesthesia management of a screaming child with a penetrating eye injury. The results are reviewed in relation to the available evidence in the literature. METHODS: A postal survey was sent to all the members of the APA living in the UK. Seven clinical ...
Kalebi A Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The 1998 terrorist bombing of the US-Embassy in Nairobi resulted in the highest number of civilian deaths ever recorded from a single urban terrorist bombing in global history. OBJECTIVE: To present forensic findings from the Nairobi terrorist bombing and discuss some contributory factors to the high-fatality witnessed. DESIGN: Desriptive ...
Whitson Bryan A - - 2006
Vacuum injuries, otherwise known as negative pressure injuries, are unique mechanisms of traumatic injury. There are few reports of this mechanism in the literature and, although rare, familiarity with the presentation and management is essential to be life and limb saving. In addition, because of the severe inflammatory process, the ...
Van Eerd Dwayne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is a need to more accurately enumerate workers with musculoskeletal injuries who make lost-time claims to workers compensation boards. The objective of this study is to develop an approach to more accurately enumerate these workers. METHODS: Lost-time claims to the Ontario Workplace Safety & Insurance Board (WSIB) were ...
Stoodley N - - 2006
Non-accidental head injury in infants is not uncommon and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is therefore important to identify it at the earliest opportunity so that appropriate intervention can be made which protects the child from further harm. The whole topic is controversial and the aim of ...
Seider Nir - - 2006
This report describes the clinical and radiologic findings of a child who was stabbed with a pencil tip in his right upper eyelid, in what initially appeared to be an innocuous injury. The child presented again 3 weeks later with a combined orbital and frontal lobe brain abscess. The mechanism ...
Scaglione Mariano - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of chest radiography, single-slice CT and 16-row MDCT in the direct evidence of tracheobronchial injuries. METHODS: Patients with acute tracheobronchial injury were identified from the registry of our level 1 trauma center during a 5-year period ending July 2005. Findings at chest radiograph and CT ...
James H - - 2006
Bite mark analysis is unquestionably the most difficult, and contentious, work undertaken by forensic odontologists. Each injury must be assessed to determine if it was made by human or animal teeth, if the quality of the evidence allows presentation to a Court of Law, and if the pattern can be ...
Massari Michele - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyse animal-related injury features treated in an emergency department. METHODS: Inspection of all reports concerning animal-related injuries treated in the emergency department in 1998-1999, researched through non-codified diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 988 patients (1.66% of annual emergency department visits) were treated in the emergency department for animal-related ...
Das Adhikari Debasis - - 2006
Scapulothoracic dissociation (SCTD) is a rare clinical entity with fewer than 70 cases reported in English literature. The mechanism of injury is severe rotational force, which causes disruption of the shoulder girdle from the rest of chest wall. Frequently, SCTD produces massive blood loss as it involves major fractures of ...
Orbell James - - 2006
A case in which a handlebar injury to the abdomen resulted in a common hepatic duct tear is presented. This injury has not been previously documented in the literature. The case emphasizes the diverse and potentially serious consequences of handlebar injuries in children, and reminds us that the presentation may ...
Mozer Mark A - - 2006
Reports of waterskiing-related injuries are limited in the medical literature. The authors report a case of a unique waterskiing injury that progressed into a necrotizing foot infection in a well-controlled insulin-dependent diabetic. This case shows that with aggressive therapy, including hyperbaric oxygen treatments and use of a wound vacuum-assisted closure ...
Chen Derek - - 2006
Tracheal lacerations resulting from endotracheal intubation are extremely rare. We report a case where the initial diagnosis was misled by the radiological findings. Our case uniquely emphasizes several issues pertinent to the management of tracheal lacerations. We review the published works on this topic and emphasize the role of fibre-optic ...
Pole Jason D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies have used insurer-reported compensable days absent as an outcome measure when studying work-related injury or illness. Compared to self-reported days absent, insurer data are less expensive to collect. Previous work has identified that insurer-claims data consistently underestimate the duration of days absent when compared to self-report. The objective ...
Brenner Kevin A - - 2006
Coronal craniosynostosis of both the sporadic and syndromic types have been comprehensively described and extensively investigated. Previously, there have been no cases reported of acquired unilateral coronal craniosynostosis. We present a case of a 22-month-old male who developed a left unilateral coronal craniosynostosis following multiple surgical interventions for birth-related intracranial ...
Levin Pamela F - - 2006
The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the magnitude, nature, and costs of assault injuries among teachers, a high-risk group. Review of assault cases (N = 341) was based on internal and case management vendor records. The 3-year assault rate was 3.24 per 1,000 teachers. Assaults were predominately ...
Aidinian Gilbert - - 2006
Blunt abdominal aortic injury from trauma is extremely rare. It is generally from motor vehicular crashes resulting in dissection, intramural hematoma, or free rupture. Timely recognition and treatment of this injury are essential for a chance for survival. To the authors knowledge, this is the first reported case of successful ...
Dolinak David - - 2006
CONTEXT: Inflicted traumatic brain injury of infants and young children results in a complex array of autopsy findings. In many cases, immunostains for beta-amyloid precursor protein are used to detect axonal injury. Interpretation of the gross, microscopic, and immunostaining results requires the integration of the many facets of the individual ...
Wong Edward H N - - 2006
Tracheobronchial injuries from trauma can be life threatening. We present a case report of a 23-year-old man who suffered a left main bronchus transection after a motorbike accident. The diagnostic and management issues surrounding tracheobronchial injuries are reviewed. Early diagnosis and treatment lead to the best outcome, with almost complete ...
Belknap Steven M - - 2006
Gemcitabine is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent structurally and pharmacologically similar to cytarabine. Recently, instances of severe gemcitabine-associated lung injury have been reported. Herein, investigators affiliated with the Research on Adverse Drug Events and Reports (RADAR) pharmacovigilance program evaluated clinical characteristics of gemcitabine-associated severe acute lung injury from clinical trial ...
Pluim B M - - 2006
A systematic search of published reports was carried out in three electronic databases from 1966 on to identify relevant articles relating to tennis injuries. There were 39 case reports, 49 laboratory studies, 28 descriptive epidemiological studies, and three analytical epidemiological studies. The principal findings of the review were: first, there ...
Bharam Srino - - 2006
Labral tears in athletes can lead to disabling hip pain and affect their athletic performance. Other intra-articular lesions, including chondral injuries, capsular abnormalities, and ligamentum teres tears, commonly coexist with acetabular labral tears. Isolated athletic injury or repetitive traumatic activity can lead to labral tears; however, underlying structural (femoroacetabular impingement) ...
Smith Andrew R E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review the epidemiology of serious ocular trauma presenting to Cairns Base Hospital, from the far north Queensland health districts. METHODS: A retrospective study of cases from January 1995 to November 2002 inclusive. Cases were analysed with respect to demographics, cause and nature of injury, method of transport and ...
Rautji R - - 2006
Anatomic trauma scoring systems are fundamental to trauma research. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and its derivative, the Injury Severity Score (ISS), are the most frequently used scales. In a prospective study, 400 autopsies of road traffic accident victims performed between January 2002 and December 2003 were coded according to ...
Kuligod F S - - 2006
Air guns (air rifles) are used throughout the world as instruments of amusement such as toys in funfairs, for bird hunting and firearms training. In India and in many other countries, this instrument neither comes under the purview of the Arms Act, nor is there is any restriction on the ...
Banthia P - - 2006
Several studies have shown that road traffic injuries are a major cause of death and disability globally, with a disproportionate number occurring in developing countries. The growth in numbers of motor vehicles is a major contributing factor in the rising toll of fatalities and injuries from road traffic crashes in ...
Kwek Kenneth - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency that is often unpredictable and unanticipated. Despite the identification of various clinical risk factors, our ability to predict and prevent shoulder dystocia is very limited. Effective and timely clinical management is essential to offer the best chance of a satisfactory outcome. ...
Maheshwari Aditya V - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Though physeal injuries are common in children, concomitant multiple closed contiguous physeal injuries in a limb along with vascular compromise are rare. An associated distractional-separation type of physeal injury is being documented for the first time. We present here two such cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two children, aged 6 ...
Du Mont J - - 2006
This article examines judicial descriptions of and responses to intimate partner sexual assaults in the Canadian context. Drawing on data from sexual assault sentencing judgments, we investigated 186 cases across four categories of perpetrator-victim relationship. Offence and case-related characteristics, as well as sentencing outcomes were analyzed. The data indicated notable ...
Eardley W G P - - 2006
Ninety-two retrospective cases of human bite injury referred to a Plastic Surgery department are presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the relationship of alcohol intake to these injuries, their distribution and subsequent management. A review of the literature is conducted. The human bite is a leisure time injury of the ...
Wedmore Ian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage remains a leading cause of death in both civilian and military trauma patients. The HemCon chitosan-based hemostatic dressing is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for hemorrhage control. Animal data have shown the HemCon dressing to reduce hemorrhage and improve survival. The purpose of this ...
Kawamoto Kouei - - 2006
Although epidemiological studies on epiphyseal injury have been reported, such studies have not been made systematically in Japan. In this study, we examined the incidence of epiphyseal injury in paediatric patients treated at five general hospitals and three private clinics. We treated the patients with limb injuries between January 1992 ...
Orabi A A - - 2006
Isolated fracture of the malleus seems to be an extremely rare ossicular injury. All previously reported cases involved the handle of the malleus. This is the first reported case of fracture of the neck of the malleus. The diagnosis can easily be missed because the tympanic membrane remains intact. Furthermore, ...
Maskell Fiona - - 2006
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may result in a variety of cognitive, behavioural and physical impairments. Dizziness has been reported in up to 80% of cases within the first few days after injury. The literature was reviewed to attempt to delineate prevalence of dizziness as a symptom, impairments causing dizziness, the ...
Chloros George D - - 2006
Isolated dislocation of the carpal scaphoid is an extremely rare injury. The authors report herein a case of a 28-year-old man managed with open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation. The aim of this study is to comprehensively present this unusual injury along with its treatment and to attempt to merge ...
Ting J Y - - 2006
Splenic injuries are very rare in neonates. We report a case of splenic injury in a premature neonate, highlighting the importance of a high-index suspicion in early recognition of this rare but potentially fatal intra-abdominal injury. We also review the literature on possible aetiologies and mechanism of splenic injury, as ...
Shea Adams Christine M - - 2006
In a simulated products liability trial, we tested the effects of bifurcating decisions regarding compensatory and punitive damage awards. Fifty-nine groups of 5-7 jurors heard evidence in a unitary or bifurcated format, deliberated about the case to a unanimous decision, and awarded damages. Trial bifurcation decreased variability in compensatory damage ...
Chang Yi-Cheng - - 2006
Neuropsychiatric or cognitive disturbances are common complications after traumatic brain injury. They are commonly regarded as irreversible sequelae of organic brain injuries. We report a case of hypopituitarism in a 77-year-old man who presented with long-term neuropsychiatric disturbances, including cognitive impairment, disturbed sleep patterns, personality change, loss of affect, and ...
Chi Chia-Fen - - 2006
In 2000, the accident rate for escalator riding was about 0.815 accidents per million passenger trips through Taipei Metro Rapid Transit (MRT) heavy capacity stations. In order to reduce the probability and severity of escalator riding accidents and enhance the safety of passengers, the Drury and Brill model [Drury, C.G., ...
Khan M Akram - - 2006
Human injuries caused by animals are not uncommon and have been reported in the literature on many occasions. Most of the animals commonly involved are dogs, cats, cows, horses and camels. Injuries are usually on the trunk or limbs and sometimes on the face. Human injuries caused by an ostrich ...
McKenna David A - - 2006
Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a devastating condition that frequently results in prehospital cardiorespiratory arrest and accounts for 15% of fatal spinal trauma. Atlanto-occipital dislocation occurs 5 times more commonly in children than adults, and is believed to be caused by hyperextension. Because of improvements in prehospital resuscitation, more victims with ...
Mori T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The most common head injury in sports is concussion, and repeated concussions occurring within a short period occasionally can be fatal. Acute subdural hematoma is the most common severe head injury and can be associated with severe neurologic disability and death in sports. We investigated severe brain damage resulting ...
Tatli Mehmet - - 2006
Anesthesia dolorosa (AD) is an uncommon complication of surgical treatments for trigeminal neuralgia. Its incidence is around 0.8%. To our best knowledge, AD caused by a penetrating cranial injury has not been reported previously. We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient with left-sided neuropathic keratitis and AD that ...
Jakubietz Rafael G - - 2006
Digital avulsions and amputations are not uncommon in outdoor activities. Rope entanglement is often the cause, though specific descriptions of the mechanism of injury have not been reported. We report a common scenario where entanglement during a fall resulted in an amputation injury. Although any roping activity may cause a ...
Bull William - - 2006
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Wheelchair-related injuries are common, and with proper reporting of injuries, advanced technologic support may offer new ways to prevent those injuries. METHOD: Case REPORT AND FINDINGS: A man with tetraplegia who retains only minimal use of his right hand experienced a right-sided armrest malfunction of his wheelchair resulting in ...
Ekabua J E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A woman who is sexually assaulted experiences intense anxiety and fear. The associated stigmatization often results in under reporting and management difficulties. The aims of this study are to document the types of injuries seen in victims of sexual assault and to highlight problems in management of cases. METHOD: ...
Kumar Arun - - 2006
Penetrating head injuries in children constitute only a small part of the total number of traumatic head injuries seen in casualty. A number of household articles have been described to cause penetrating injuries, apart from gunshot and pellet injuries. We describe, for the first time, an unusual case of penetrating ...
Sawada Shigeaki - - 2006
We report a case of esophageal perforation caused by an explosion, but which was not diagnosed until 3 days after the injury. A 53-year-old worker sustained superficial dermal burns to his trachea, face, neck, and legs during an explosion. The burns were treated conservatively at a local hospital, but he ...
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