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Results 301 - 350 of 1390
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Sammut S J C - - 2008
Warts are a common skin complaint in childhood. We describe 3 unusual cases in which inadvertent tissue injury was caused during the treatment of viral warts by a commercially available cryotherapy device. In each case there was a failure to follow the instructions provided correctly. If such devices are to ...
Liu B C - - 2008
Motorcycle crash victims form a high proportion of those killed or injured in road traffic crashes. Injuries to the head, following motorcycle crashes, are a common cause of severe morbidity and mortality. It seems intuitive that helmets should protect against head injuries but it has been argued that motorcycle helmet ...
Kelly Patrick - - 2008
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of subdural haemorrhage (SDH) in New Zealand infants. METHODS: Prospective enrollment of all cases of infantile SDH from 2000 to 2002. Retrospective analysis of national discharge and death data for the same period. RESULTS: Seventy-seven cases of infantile SDH were identified prospectively, and a further ...
Hammond Philip J - - 2007
Conventional treatment of anorectal impalement injuries involves an open exploration and either a fecal diversion and/or a primary repair dictated by the degree of soft-tissue disruption and contamination. In this paper, the authors present the case report of a successful primary laparoscopic repair of an accidental transanal intraperitoneal impalement injury ...
Hunt P R - - 2007
The accuracy of external cause of injury codes (E codes) for work-related and non-work-related injuries in Massachusetts emergency department data were evaluated. Medical records were reviewed and coded by a nosologist with expertise in E coding for a stratified random sample of 1000 probable work-related (PWR) and 250 probable non-work-related ...
Denman Jason P - - 2007
A 44-year-old man with a history of childhood brain injury presented with dysarthria, confusion, reduced oral intake and reduced mobility after a week of heatwave conditions. He had severe hypernatraemia and raised serum creatine kinase levels, consistent with rhabdomyolysis. In most previous case reports linking hypernatraemia and rhabdomyolysis, other factors ...
Shemirani Nima L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although cricopharyngeal electromyography (CP-EMG) is recognized as a diagnostic tool for dysphagia assessment, few reports in the literature characterize CP-EMG abnormalities in relation to clinical presentation. The aim of this study was to review a large series of CP-EMG studies, and compare the CP-EMG results with the patients' diagnoses. ...
Skipworth James - - 2007
We present the case of a patient who sustained a blunt head injury resulting in a delayed diagnosis of a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. Although rare in occurrence, a high index of suspicion is paramount with a history of head injury and developing signs in the eyes and face. Prompt referral ...
Saad Abdo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Since its first report in 1974, 66 cases of splenic injury after colonoscopy have been reported in the world literature. Splenic injury is among the rarest complications of colonoscopy. However, it can be associated with severe morbidity and has rarely been fatal. OBJECTIVES: Three cases of splenic injury following ...
Ebenezer J - - 2007
The use of toothbrushes has significantly improved oral hygiene. However, if brushing of the teeth is not done judiciously, it could result in severe trauma to the soft tissues of the oral cavity. This is particularly true in the young age group, since children tend to be very playful while ...
Shibahara Hiroaki - - 2007
AIM: Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) has recently been developed as a less invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopy. There are some reports that described the usefulness and prognostic value of diagnostic THL in infertile women. Moreover, operative THL such as ovarian drilling for unovulatory women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) to induce ...
Ho Jason Y - - 2007
As allogeneic musculoskeletal tissue is readily available, has minimal limitation in size or shape, and carries no donor site morbidity, it has become attractive for use in reconstructive shoulder surgery. Allograft is a viable option for treating osseous defects associated with glenohumeral instability and has been shown to achieve a ...
Gwin Che - - 2007
CONTEXT: Laryngotracheal injury secondary to endotracheal intubation results from ischemic necrosis, which develops within hours of intubation, with injury severity increasing with duration of intubation. Postextubation and postmortem observations demonstrate that laryngotracheal injury still occurs in a large number of intubated patients. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laryngeal injury, specifically pseudodiverticulum formation, ...
de Vries Shidan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the long-term sequelae of a case of bilateral chemical keratitis caused by airbag deployment. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: A 21-year-old woman presented with bilateral reduced vision, photophobia, and tearing after a car accident. Examination revealed some facial burns and severe chemical injury ...
Tibballs James - - 2007
The concept of "loss of chance" as an alternative cause of action in cases of medical negligence has succeeded in recent cases where actions based on causation have failed. The plaintiff must prove negligence and loss of a chance of a better outcome. The quantity of loss of chance must ...
Lam Samuel H F - - 2008
Fallen television sets can cause significant injuries in toddlers. We report the case of a child with a focal brainstem injury who presented with subtle physical examination findings, which eventually led to aspiration and airway compromise. This case illustrates the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion and performing ...
Seeff Leonard B - - 2007
There is appropriate concern about the potential risk for hepatotoxicity from herbal products because they are unregulated and therefore not standardized with regard to their contents. This is particularly the case for the crude herbals that are commonly formulated as a mixture, so that their ingredients may be ambiguous and ...
Nagao Yoshimasa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The risk of transmission of occupational blood-borne infection is a serious problem for health care workers (HCWs) in Japan. Although the Japanese version of Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet) was introduced in 1997, no published data in the clinical setting have been available yet. OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiology ...
Singh Amit - - 2007
Radial epiphyseal injuries are common. Ulnar epiphyseal injury is responsible for majority of cases of growth arrest and is commonly missed. The occurrence of associated ulnar epiphyseal injury is very rare and a concomitant type II injury of both radial and ulnar epiphyseal injury is also uncommon. A four-year follow-up ...
Grubb Blair P - - 2007
Lightning injuries are one of the top three causes of death from environmental causes. Survivors of lightning injuries may be left with injuries, which may affect either the somatic or autonomic nervous systems. We report on two previously healthy patients who developed severe forms of postural tachycardia syndrome following a ...
Kuan James K - - 2007
PURPOSE: Injury prevention requires efficient diagnosis and management, and knowledge of collision kinematics may allow first responders to triage victims earlier based on crash scene assessment. We identified possible collision patterns and vehicle interior components that may have a role in kidney injury following motor vehicle collision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
De Cicco Carlo - - 2007
Ureter injuries are a well-known complication of gynecologic surgery and a frequent cause of medicolegal problems. Because there are no randomized, controlled trials and the available studies are small series and case reports, the evidence on which to base treatment is weak. We therefore reviewed the complete English-language literature of ...
Banks Martha E - - 2007
Despite evidence that more than 80% of female victims of intimate partner violence, seen for medical treatment of violence-related injuries, have sustained facial injuries, traumatic brain injury is often overlooked as a consequence of those injuries. This article reviews the scant literature available and examines research on equivalent injuries sustained ...
Peebles Joyce - - 2007
An 8-year-old child who was physically abused and developed rhabdomyolysis is presented. A literature review revealed 13 previously reported cases of child physical abuse and rhabdomyolysis. Including the patient in this report, 13 of 14 children had extensive soft tissue muscle injuries to the buttock or legs. Nine patients developed ...
Omar N - - 2007
Whiplash injuries from motor vehicle accidents are very common. The usual presentation and course of this condition normally results in resolution of symptoms within a few weeks. Brachial plexus traction injuries without any bone or joint lesion of the cervical spine have been reported before. We report a case where ...
Loo B P Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to determine the percentage of road crashes resulting in injuries requiring hospital care that are reported to the police and to identify factors associated with reporting such crashes to the police. DESIGN: The data of one of two hospitals in the Road Casualty Information System were ...
Bao Shi-ting - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the experience on diagnosis and treatment of blunt duodenal injuries, and thus to improve the therapeutic skills. METHODS: Clinical data of 34 cases of blunt duodenal injuries admitted to our hospital from 1990 to 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among them, 28 cases were cured, 20 cases ...
Bellew Michael P - - 2007
The authors describe a 36-year-old woman with traumatic lateral spondyloptosis at L-2 and complete cauda equina injury who experienced a remarkable recovery after delayed treatment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of traumatic spondyloptosis at L2-3 described in the English literature. A review of previous cases of ...
Cinar Can - - 2007
Bilateral traumatic amputation and limb-threatening injury of the lower extremities is more challenging than the unilateral amputation. Successful replantation of both lower extremities has been reported previously. However, orthotopic implantations may not be possible when amputation of both lower limbs with different levels of section and degrees of damage to ...
Offiah C - - 2007
Otologic injury associated with fatal and nonfatal lightning strikes has been sporadically reported in the literature. The most common acoustic insult is a conductive hearing loss secondary to rupture of the tympanic membrane. Although conjecture has been made of the theoretic possibility of ossicular injury from lightning strike, to our ...
Kim John Hyung-Sun - - 2007
Scapulothoracic dissociation (SD) was first recognized as a distinct traumatic injury pattern in 1984. This case report and review of the literature will be a comprehensive description of this syndrome and its management. Although the extremity prognosis of this injury is poor, patient outcome can be optimized so that the ...
Gautschi Oliver P - - 2007
Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle is a rare injury that can result in both functional and cosmetic deficiency, with fewer than 150 cases reported in the literature. To date, the injury has been reported exclusively in men and is most common among weight lifters and high-performance athletes. The treatment ...
Croyle Kristin L - - 2007
This study examined characteristics associated with mildly injurious (fingernail biting, skin picking, etc.) and more injurious (cutting, burning, etc.) self-harm (SH) in an undergraduate sample (N = 280); 31% reported mildly injurious SH within the past 3 years with no more injurious SH, whereas 20% reported more injurious SH within ...
Kragh John F JF - - 2007
We present a case of emergency tourniquet use of unusually long duration. The patient was wounded during combat operations, and the subsequent battle and evacuation caused a significant delay in surgical treatment of his wounds. Emergency tourniquets can be lifesaving, but are not benign interventions. In general, the extent of ...
O'Keefe Michael - - 2008
In cases of alleged rape the complainant (or "complainer" in Scotland) may be in a position to identify the alleged assailant and as a result of the advances in forensic science the issue frequently relates to the question of consent. In addition to collection of relevant forensic samples, the forensic ...
Coulter D M - - 2007
We report a baby born with flaccid quadraparesis that was considered possibly attributable to birth injury. Postmortem examination identified an injury that occurred well before delivery caused by hemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation of the brainstem and spinal cord. We discuss imaging modalities to diagnose neonatal cord injuries, possible treatments, ...
Cotton Charles A - - 2007
The superior popliteomeniscal ligamentous fascicular injury association with lateral meniscal injury has been previously documented in the literature. Both superior and inferior popliteomeniscal ligamentous injuries have demonstrated associations with lateral meniscal motion, and these ligaments can be disrupted in posterolateral corner knee injuries as well. The current case demonstrates an ...
Pring C M - - 2007
Case reports of major vascular injury during open primary access during laparoscopy are very limited. An injury to the aorta with the Hasson trocar is documented here, followed by a review of the literature on major vascular injury during primary access.
Ergur Ipek - - 2007
The aim of this cadaver study is to define the anatomic structures on anterior sacrum, which are under the risk of injury during bicortical screw application to the S1 and S2 pedicles. Thirty formaldehyde-preserved human male cadavers were studied. Posterior midline incision was performed, and soft tissues and muscles were ...
Sivanesan Kanapathippilai - - 2007
Although rare, serious vascular injuries after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion have been well known. We present a case of external iliac artery injury after TVT insertion, managed successfully by surgical intervention. This article also reviews the literature regarding major vascular injuries and their management. We conclude that clinicians should ...
Sherief Tamer I - - 2007
Lisfranc injuries are sometimes easily missed especially if they present in a subtle form. In this study, we have tried to measure the level of accuracy of plain radiographs in detecting this type of injury. We have selected 30 sets of foot radiographs with various diagnoses. Eighteen of them had ...
Gautret Philippe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased travel to exotic destinations around the world is escalating the risk of exposure to animal-associated injuries with a risk of acquiring rabies. METHODS: We have examined data reported to GeoSentinel Surveillance Network to highlight characteristics of animal-associated injuries in travellers. RESULTS: A total of 320 cases were reported ...
Versteegh, Sean
This report examines whether there is evidence for the proposition that knowledge of the nature of a road crash aids in the treatment of injuries that arise from the crash. We reviewed published reports in which the utility of crash reports for triage was examined. We also reviewed the evidence ...
Boyle Malcolm J - - 2007
The literature identifying mechanism of injury came to prominence in the mid to late 1980s. The current Victorian prehospital triage guidelines do not necessarily reflect the conditions within the Victorian population as the triage guidelines are based on studies undertaken and validated in the U.S.A. The objective of this study ...
Milutinović D - - 2007
Fracture of the penis, or rupture of the corpus c avernosum is an uncommon injury, but probably under-reported entity. Only approximately 180 cases have been reported in the literature. Penile fracture with urethral injury is even more uncommon, accounting for approximately 10 to 20% of the cases reported. Early reports ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2007
Transorbital orbitocranial penetrating injuries (TOPI) are relatively rare and can be caused by a variety of unusual objects. Diagnosis of TOPI should be based on a detailed history and evaluation of available investigations as the penetrating injury may be overlooked. In the present case, a child sustained a penetrating injury ...
Brown Garrett D - - 2007
Practitioners of Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) claim dramatic reductions in worker injuries and illnesses through modifying workers' "unsafe behaviors." This case study of a BBS program implemented by KFM, a giant construction consortium rebuilding the eastern span of the San Francisco Bay Bridge in California, documents how BBS was used to ...
Plott E - - 2007
The esophagus provides a diagnostic and therapeutic pathway not only for gastroenterologists but for surgeons, radiologists, cardiologists, and other specialists. Unfortunately, this procedural traffic occasionally leads to iatrogenic injury. As well, though reasonably well protected anatomically, frank esophageal injuries due to non-iatrogenic causes are not uncommon. We present a review ...
Maconochie Ian - - 2007
Head injury in young adults is often associated with motor vehicle accidents, violence, and sports injuries. In older adults it is often associated with falls. Severe head injury can lead to secondary brain damage from cerebral ischaemia resulting from hypotension, hypercapnia, and raised intracranial pressure. Severity of brain injury is ...
Stitzel Joel D - - 2007
The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) provides significant details on injuries, and data on patient outcomes that is unavailable in the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS). However, CIREN cases are selected from specific Level I trauma centers with different inclusion criteria than those used for NASS, and the ...
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