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Results 301 - 350 of 1363
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Banks Martha E - - 2007
Despite evidence that more than 80% of female victims of intimate partner violence, seen for medical treatment of violence-related injuries, have sustained facial injuries, traumatic brain injury is often overlooked as a consequence of those injuries. This article reviews the scant literature available and examines research on equivalent injuries sustained ...
Peebles Joyce - - 2007
An 8-year-old child who was physically abused and developed rhabdomyolysis is presented. A literature review revealed 13 previously reported cases of child physical abuse and rhabdomyolysis. Including the patient in this report, 13 of 14 children had extensive soft tissue muscle injuries to the buttock or legs. Nine patients developed ...
Omar N - - 2007
Whiplash injuries from motor vehicle accidents are very common. The usual presentation and course of this condition normally results in resolution of symptoms within a few weeks. Brachial plexus traction injuries without any bone or joint lesion of the cervical spine have been reported before. We report a case where ...
Loo B P Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to determine the percentage of road crashes resulting in injuries requiring hospital care that are reported to the police and to identify factors associated with reporting such crashes to the police. DESIGN: The data of one of two hospitals in the Road Casualty Information System were ...
Bao Shi-ting - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the experience on diagnosis and treatment of blunt duodenal injuries, and thus to improve the therapeutic skills. METHODS: Clinical data of 34 cases of blunt duodenal injuries admitted to our hospital from 1990 to 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among them, 28 cases were cured, 20 cases ...
Bellew Michael P - - 2007
The authors describe a 36-year-old woman with traumatic lateral spondyloptosis at L-2 and complete cauda equina injury who experienced a remarkable recovery after delayed treatment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of traumatic spondyloptosis at L2-3 described in the English literature. A review of previous cases of ...
Cinar Can - - 2007
Bilateral traumatic amputation and limb-threatening injury of the lower extremities is more challenging than the unilateral amputation. Successful replantation of both lower extremities has been reported previously. However, orthotopic implantations may not be possible when amputation of both lower limbs with different levels of section and degrees of damage to ...
Offiah C - - 2007
Otologic injury associated with fatal and nonfatal lightning strikes has been sporadically reported in the literature. The most common acoustic insult is a conductive hearing loss secondary to rupture of the tympanic membrane. Although conjecture has been made of the theoretic possibility of ossicular injury from lightning strike, to our ...
Kim John Hyung-Sun - - 2007
Scapulothoracic dissociation (SD) was first recognized as a distinct traumatic injury pattern in 1984. This case report and review of the literature will be a comprehensive description of this syndrome and its management. Although the extremity prognosis of this injury is poor, patient outcome can be optimized so that the ...
Gautschi Oliver P - - 2007
Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle is a rare injury that can result in both functional and cosmetic deficiency, with fewer than 150 cases reported in the literature. To date, the injury has been reported exclusively in men and is most common among weight lifters and high-performance athletes. The treatment ...
Croyle Kristin L - - 2007
This study examined characteristics associated with mildly injurious (fingernail biting, skin picking, etc.) and more injurious (cutting, burning, etc.) self-harm (SH) in an undergraduate sample (N = 280); 31% reported mildly injurious SH within the past 3 years with no more injurious SH, whereas 20% reported more injurious SH within ...
Kragh John F JF - - 2007
We present a case of emergency tourniquet use of unusually long duration. The patient was wounded during combat operations, and the subsequent battle and evacuation caused a significant delay in surgical treatment of his wounds. Emergency tourniquets can be lifesaving, but are not benign interventions. In general, the extent of ...
O'Keefe Michael - - 2008
In cases of alleged rape the complainant (or "complainer" in Scotland) may be in a position to identify the alleged assailant and as a result of the advances in forensic science the issue frequently relates to the question of consent. In addition to collection of relevant forensic samples, the forensic ...
Coulter D M - - 2007
We report a baby born with flaccid quadraparesis that was considered possibly attributable to birth injury. Postmortem examination identified an injury that occurred well before delivery caused by hemorrhage from an arteriovenous malformation of the brainstem and spinal cord. We discuss imaging modalities to diagnose neonatal cord injuries, possible treatments, ...
Cotton Charles A - - 2007
The superior popliteomeniscal ligamentous fascicular injury association with lateral meniscal injury has been previously documented in the literature. Both superior and inferior popliteomeniscal ligamentous injuries have demonstrated associations with lateral meniscal motion, and these ligaments can be disrupted in posterolateral corner knee injuries as well. The current case demonstrates an ...
Pring C M - - 2007
Case reports of major vascular injury during open primary access during laparoscopy are very limited. An injury to the aorta with the Hasson trocar is documented here, followed by a review of the literature on major vascular injury during primary access.
Ergur Ipek - - 2007
The aim of this cadaver study is to define the anatomic structures on anterior sacrum, which are under the risk of injury during bicortical screw application to the S1 and S2 pedicles. Thirty formaldehyde-preserved human male cadavers were studied. Posterior midline incision was performed, and soft tissues and muscles were ...
Sivanesan Kanapathippilai - - 2007
Although rare, serious vascular injuries after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion have been well known. We present a case of external iliac artery injury after TVT insertion, managed successfully by surgical intervention. This article also reviews the literature regarding major vascular injuries and their management. We conclude that clinicians should ...
Sherief Tamer I - - 2007
Lisfranc injuries are sometimes easily missed especially if they present in a subtle form. In this study, we have tried to measure the level of accuracy of plain radiographs in detecting this type of injury. We have selected 30 sets of foot radiographs with various diagnoses. Eighteen of them had ...
Gautret Philippe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased travel to exotic destinations around the world is escalating the risk of exposure to animal-associated injuries with a risk of acquiring rabies. METHODS: We have examined data reported to GeoSentinel Surveillance Network to highlight characteristics of animal-associated injuries in travellers. RESULTS: A total of 320 cases were reported ...
Versteegh, Sean
This report examines whether there is evidence for the proposition that knowledge of the nature of a road crash aids in the treatment of injuries that arise from the crash. We reviewed published reports in which the utility of crash reports for triage was examined. We also reviewed the evidence ...
Boyle Malcolm J - - 2007
The literature identifying mechanism of injury came to prominence in the mid to late 1980s. The current Victorian prehospital triage guidelines do not necessarily reflect the conditions within the Victorian population as the triage guidelines are based on studies undertaken and validated in the U.S.A. The objective of this study ...
Milutinović D - - 2007
Fracture of the penis, or rupture of the corpus c avernosum is an uncommon injury, but probably under-reported entity. Only approximately 180 cases have been reported in the literature. Penile fracture with urethral injury is even more uncommon, accounting for approximately 10 to 20% of the cases reported. Early reports ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2007
Transorbital orbitocranial penetrating injuries (TOPI) are relatively rare and can be caused by a variety of unusual objects. Diagnosis of TOPI should be based on a detailed history and evaluation of available investigations as the penetrating injury may be overlooked. In the present case, a child sustained a penetrating injury ...
Brown Garrett D - - 2007
Practitioners of Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) claim dramatic reductions in worker injuries and illnesses through modifying workers' "unsafe behaviors." This case study of a BBS program implemented by KFM, a giant construction consortium rebuilding the eastern span of the San Francisco Bay Bridge in California, documents how BBS was used to ...
Plott E - - 2007
The esophagus provides a diagnostic and therapeutic pathway not only for gastroenterologists but for surgeons, radiologists, cardiologists, and other specialists. Unfortunately, this procedural traffic occasionally leads to iatrogenic injury. As well, though reasonably well protected anatomically, frank esophageal injuries due to non-iatrogenic causes are not uncommon. We present a review ...
Maconochie Ian - - 2007
Head injury in young adults is often associated with motor vehicle accidents, violence, and sports injuries. In older adults it is often associated with falls. Severe head injury can lead to secondary brain damage from cerebral ischaemia resulting from hypotension, hypercapnia, and raised intracranial pressure. Severity of brain injury is ...
Stitzel Joel D - - 2007
The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) provides significant details on injuries, and data on patient outcomes that is unavailable in the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS). However, CIREN cases are selected from specific Level I trauma centers with different inclusion criteria than those used for NASS, and the ...
Fernández-Torre J L JL Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital "Marqués de Valdecilla", Santander, Cantabria, Spain. - - 2007
We describe the case of an octogenarian woman who experienced a severe alteration of mental state due to non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) complicating an intraventricular hemorrhage. Our report emphasizes that NCSE may be the cause of unexplained neurological deterioration in elderly patients with acute brain injury.
Navarro-Holgado Pablo - - 2007
This paper reports on two cases of medial meniscus injury involving detachment of the anterior horn together with a coronary ligament tear. Both cases were associated with tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament. The meniscal injuries observed were similar to those reported in the literature prior to the development of ...
Hoppa Eric C - - 2006
Penile injury is a rare chief complaint in the pediatric emergency department. The most common penile injuries are iatrogenic or postsurgical complications, blunt trauma, tourniquet injuries, fractures, and zipper injuries. We report a series of 3 cases of penile foreskin entrapment within the mesh lining of bathing suits as a ...
Lasisi O A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Reports of penetrating injuries of the cranium have been mainly craniocerebral or faciocerebral, craniocerebellar projectiles are few. CASE: We present a case of a 23 year old Nigerian with a craniofacial penetrating injury by a hunting arrow. The trajectory of the arrow through the facial skeleton across the craniocervical ...
Ozeren Ali - - 2006
Global aphasia is an acquired language disorder characterized by severe impairments in all modalities of language. The specific sites of injury commonly include Wernike's and Broca's areas and result from large strokes--particularly those involving the internal carotid or middle cerebral arteries. Rarely, deep subcortical lesions may cause global aphasia. We ...
Dall G F - - 2006
More tourists are visiting the idyllic waters of the South Pacific each year. They share the shallow waters with the native wildlife, including the venomous stonefish. Although the injection of its venom has been reported to have occasional fatal neuromuscular and cardiovascular sequelae, severe tissue necrosis at the injection site ...
Gerdes Erik M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rock climbing is gaining popularity. The injury patterns and safety practices of climbers have not been well described. This study seeks to identify the general injury patterns and safety practices associated with rock climbing. METHODS: An anonymous multiple choice, Likert scale, and short-answer Internet survey was posted on several ...
Kridel Russell W H - - 2006
This article reviews the case of a 31-year-old female who had originally sustained a softball injury to her face and nose. Four years after the injury, she underwent her first rhinoplasty, which included spreader grafts. Unfortunately, a few months later, she sustained further nasal trauma, motivating her to seek a ...
Kennedy Joel - - 2006
Hockey is enjoyed by millions of people around the world and is a sport in which aggression is encouraged and injuries are common. Although body-checking is the most common cause of injury in hockey today, hockey sticks are associated with up to 14% of injuries. We report a case of ...
Phaneuf Lise R - - 2006
This case report describes sublaryngeal tracheal injury and ulceration in 15 rabbits from 3 institutions as sequelae to routine intubation and general anesthesia with isoflurane in oxygen. The rabbits were intubated for general anesthesia and mechanically ventilated for experimentally diverse procedures, with periods of anesthesia lasting 1.5 to 5 h. ...
Lawrence Bruce A - - 2007
This study evaluates the quality of injury-related coding in state hospital data and their usefulness to injury researchers. Using 1997 hospital discharge records from 19 states, hospitalized non-fatal injury-related cases were identified by first selecting all cases that met broad criteria for injury, and then dropping cases that appeared incorrectly ...
Wahl Peter - - 2006
Less-lethal weapons are used in law enforcement to neutralize combative individuals and to disperse riot crowds. Local police recently used such an impact weapon, the Flash-Ball, in two different situations. This gun fires large rubber bullets with kinetic energies around 200 J. Although it is designed to avoid skin penetration, ...
Freund Brian - - 2006
Cervical whiplash injuries are common and yet poorly understood. Several of these cases become chronic for unknown reasons and defy most forms of musculoskeletal therapy. Botulinum toxin has shown promise in selected cases in which soft tissue injury predominates. In conjunction with a good biomechanical assessment and appropriate physical rehabilitation ...
Hay Alastair - - 2006
A new riot control agent, used by the Israeli army against civilians protesting about the Separation Wall on the West Bank, has been reported as causing severe skin injuries. We obtained one of the munitions and have identified the contents as capsaicin with an inert carrier and a dispersal agent. ...
Yap Stanley A - - 2006
We report a case of traumatic testicular injury resulting in significant loss of both tunica albuginea and seminiferous tubules. Secondary to the substantial tissue loss, our approach to surgical reconstruction required a certain degree of creativity. The injury was managed by creating a single midline testis with two distinct blood ...
Luebke Thomas - - 2006
Splenic rupture after colonoscopy is rare. Only 44 cases previously have been reported in the English literature. Partial capsular avulsion is the proposed mechanism of injury. Any condition causing increased splenocolic adhesions may be a predisposing factor to splenic injury. One case of splenic injury after colonoscopy is reported in ...
Rossetto André Luiz - - 2006
Injuries caused by venomous and poisonous aquatic animals may provoke important morbidity in humans. The phylum Echinoderma include more than 6000 species of starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers some of which have been found responsible for injuries to humans. Initial injuries by sea urchins are associated with ...
Turbin Roger E - - 2006
The authors present an illustrative case of occult transorbital penetrating intracranial injury in a child, and review the literature concerning patterns of low-velocity, non-projectile injury during the era of modern CT and MRI study. Review of the mechanism of injury and analysis of surface entry site of penetration in 38 ...
Kim Sendia - - 2006
Rectal impalement involves foreign body trauma to the anus or rectum resulting in intra- or extraperitoneal rupture. Evaluation of suspected rectal impalement injury involves careful history and physical examination. Ruling out rectal perforation in patients with reported impalement is critical even if there is no evidence of trauma to the ...
Royer Michael C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 43-year-old male presented with the clinical findings of patchy alopecia that contained persistent hair and re-growth of hairs of various lengths, consistent with trichotillomania. A biopsy was performed to confirm the diagnosis.. RESULTS: Histologic evaluation revealed findings consistent with trichotillomania, including trichomalacia. Several hair shafts also showed a ...
Bradley Mahlon A - - 2006
Participation in the sport of figure skating has more than doubled in the past 10 years. The sport has changed with an increased emphasis on free skating, which includes jumps and spins. The actual art of "figure" skating has been eliminated from the sport. With this change, there is an ...
Aslan Sahin - - 2006
Air guns and blank guns may appear relatively harmless at first glance, but they are, in fact, potentially destructive, even lethal, weapons. Approximately 2 to 2.5 million nonpowder firearms are sold annually, and again approximately 12.9 per 100,000 population are treated for such injuries in hospital emergency departments each year ...
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