Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1385
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Pillai Mary - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Interpretation of genital findings is a key component of the medical examination for suspected child sexual abuse. This study seeks to review the extent of evidence-based research on genital findings in prepubertal girls. METHODS: Literature review on normal genital anatomy in non-abused girls, case control studies comparing abused and ...
Negri Giacomo - - 2008
We report the case of a bilateral bipartite ossification center of the proximal tibia in a 15-year-old boy with a history of knee injury. The presence of the duplicated ossific centers was an incidental finding on radiography and computed tomography performed after injury. Arthroscopy showed continuous hyaline cartilage between the ...
Gupta Ashok - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The association between hypopituitarism, Chiari I malformation, and syringomyelia has been recently recognized. Most of the reported patients suffered perinatal injury or asphyxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a premature child without identifiable perinatal injury, who was recognized to have growth hormone (GH) deficiency, Chiari I ...
Jensen Lisbeth - - 2008
Shopping carts may be associated with a variety of injuries, particularly in toddlers and young children. These usually relate to falls from carts or to tip-overs. Injuries that are sustained include hematomas/contusions, abrasions, lacerations, fractures, and fingertip amputations. Fatal episodes are uncommon and are usually due to blunt craniocerebral trauma ...
Pinho Fábia M Oliveira - - 2008
There are 4 genera of venomous snakes in Latin America: Bothrops, Crotalus, Lachesis, and Micrurus. Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported consistently after Bothrops and Crotalus envenomations. In fact, these 2 genera of snakes are responsible, along with the Russell's viper, for the majority of cases of snakebite-induced AKI ...
Bassey G O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This article reviews 16 cases of civilian gunshot injuries of the oro-facial region seen at University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar over a 5-year period and highlights the rising trend in the occurrence of gun shot injuries to the orofacial region as experienced in the south-south region of Nigeria. ...
Miller Michael A - - 2008
Ballistic protective vests and garments have evolved into important life-saving measures for members of police forces and militaries. Although effectively reducing morbidity and mortality from projectile injuries, significant injuries still do occur. We report a case demonstrating an example of the effects of transmitted forces through a protective vest resulting ...
Dunn Paul - - 2008
AIM: To review investigations of reported cases of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) performed by the National Tissue Typing laboratory since 2004. METHOD: Donors associated with reported cases of TRALI are recalled for white cell antibody tests. A donor is implicated if found to have neutrophil or HLA antibodies with ...
McCulloch Patrick C - - 2008
Triceps tendon injuries are one of the least common of all tendon injuries. While certain activities, medications, and systemic conditions have been associated with avulsion of the triceps tendon, there have been no reported familial associations. This article presents a case of a father and son who both sustained this ...
Martin J-L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate potential risk factors for whiplash injury as a function of crash configuration and driver's characteristics, and to provide information on over-reporting and under-reporting of whiplash. DESIGN: A case-control study of drivers involved in two-car injury collisions. Cases were drivers who had a diagnosis of whiplash injury, with ...
Jacobs Bruce L - - 2008
The kidney is the most commonly injured urologic organ, with most injuries occurring unilaterally. We report a rare case of synchronous bilateral renal hematomas in an 87 year old restrained driver involved in a motor vehicle accident and briefly review the management of renal trauma, including the indications for operative ...
Hekal Ihab A - - 2008
Herein, a case of ureteric injury was inflected during lumbo-sacral laminectomy is reported to be added to the previously published 15 cases. Ureteric injury is a rare complication that may be encountered during lumbar disc surgery. We traced 15 cases that were published in literatures allover the past years with ...
Richter Gresham T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Flash fires, mucosal injuries and commissure burns during otolaryngology procedures have been largely attributed to anesthetic and surgical errors. Reports of direct electrosurgical device related events are rare. The discovery of thermal damage to the oral commissure during routine suction cautery adenoidectomy at our institution prompted a detailed investigation ...
Daentzer Dorothea - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In case of atlantoaxial instability dorsal C1-C2 screw fixation is the most appropriate procedure to get immediate and sufficient three-point fixation. However, this method cannot be performed in bilateral high-riding vertebral arteries because of high risk of VA injury. CASE DESCRIPTION: In a 66-year-old woman who presented with neck ...
Deland Jonathan T - - 2008
Posterior tibial tendon tears in dancers are uncommon. No case series of such injuries has been presented. The injury does however occur, and should be differentiated from the more common causes of medial hindfoot symptoms in dancers. The relevant anatomy, biomechanics, and differential diagnosis are presented followed by a summary ...
Devarajan Prasad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents a common and devastating problem in clinical medicine. The lack of early biomarkers for AKI has led to a delay in initiating potentially effective therapies. OBJECTIVE: Identification of novel urinary biomarkers for AKI that have progressed to the clinical phase of the biomarker discovery ...
Haq Mohammad Zia Ul - - 2008
The number of electrical injuries are rising in proportion to the increased use of electricity in both domestic and industrial sectors. There are multiple ways in which electricity can cause tissue damage, which can be due to direct effects, electroporation and thermal effects. However, these mechanisms fail to explain the ...
Fejjal N - - 2008
Injury that occurs to a finger wearing a ring though rare can have grave consequences. It is a preventable injury which has a peculiar mode of trauma that is usually occupational. Injury ranges from simple contusion to degloving of soft tissues to traumatic amputation. We hereby report our experience of ...
Ravikumar Reena - - 2008
Small bowel evisceration through the rectum is extremely rare in childhood and has previously been reported in association with swimming pool suction injuries. We report a case of ileal evisceration resulting from a self-inflicted injury in a teenaged boy. Such a mechanism of injury leading to evisceration of the small ...
Kortchinsky Talna - - 2008
Children involved in high-speed vehicle collision could be particularly exposed to severe injuries when adult restraints are used. We report a case where adult 3-point restraint used without booster seat was responsible for severe thoracic injury resulting in complete shoulder and clavicle dislocation, occipito-atloidal dislocation, and complete disruption of right ...
Yadla Sanjay - - 2008
Study design Focused review of the current literature. Objective To identify and synthesize the most current data pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of whiplash and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), and to report on whiplash-related injuries. Methods A search of OVID Medline (1996-January 2007) and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews ...
Donate Guillermo - - 2008
Animal bite injuries to humans are relatively common, however, bite injuries to the lower extremity and more specifically the foot are relatively uncommon. Foot injuries, once infected, may lead to further complications, such as soft tissue loss, bone loss, and the need for amputation. Patients with preexisting medical conditions, such ...
Trickett R - - 2009
Sting-ray injuries have recently had high profile media coverage following a rare fatality. However, minor injuries to the hands and feet are common. We present a case of a sting-ray injury to the hand. This was washed out under local anaesthetic at the local emergency department and was a delayed ...
Guo Lei - - 2008
This paper presents the approach of computer simulation to clarify the questions faced by forensic experts about what causes the various injuries characteristic of two motorcycle victims, including the motorcycle driver and the back seat occupant on the motorcycle, and how to exactly confirm which one of them is the ...
Boden Leslie I - - 2008
PURPOSE: We examine reporting of nonfatal injury and illness reporting for the two most important sources of such data in the United States: workers' compensation data and the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. METHODS: We linked individual case records from establishments reporting to ...
Wick Regula - - 2008
A 20-year retrospective review of files at Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, Australia was undertaken for cases of matricide occurring between the years 1985 and 2004. A total of 11 cases were identified: 10 males and 1 female. The victims were aged between 42 and 83 years (mean=61 years) and the ...
Amirjamshidi Abbass - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Traumatic rotary posterior dislocation of C1 on C2 without fracture (TRPDAAWF) is a very rare complication in severe accidents, and its pathophysiology is still under debate. CASE DESCRIPTION: Although 6 similar cases have been reported previously, we report the lessons learned during handling of the patient. A young man ...
Zoccolella Stefano - - 2008
Several cases of motor neuron disease (MND) after electric injury have been reported in the last number of years, but the relationship between electric injury and MND remains controversial. Herein we report the case of a 60-year-old man who developed a MND following an electrical trauma. In the case presented ...
Safaz Ismail - - 2008
The authors report on a 19-year-old man who sustained a traumatic brain injury. Following decompressive craniotomy, he suffered from an unusual heterotopic ossification due to the temporary placement of the skull bone flap in his thigh. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that a ...
Lilienstein David A - - 2008
This case report provides an unusual presentation of a gunshot wound (GSW) and stresses the importance of gathering complete clinical, scene and historical information, if possible. Sufficient details regarding an injured patient's mechanism of injury (MOI) should be elicited by the treating physician when hemodynamic status of the patient allows. ...
Andrews, N B; ;
Objective and Importance: The trauma literature rarely addresses injuries related to livestock. We report a case of penetrating head injury caused by a bovine, discuss the presentation and management and review the literature on livestock related injuries. Clinical Presentation: We report the case of a 47-year old man who presented ...
Kuniak M - - 2008
Our goal was to adapt current diagnostic methods for radiation overexposure patients into a practical system that can be implemented rapidly and reliably by responders unfamiliar with the effects of radiation. Our Radiation Injury Severity Classification (RISC) system uses clinical and haematological parameters from the prodromal phase of the acute ...
Rao K
A case series of self-injurious behavior (SIB) encountered in a General Hospital setting has been described. Limitations of current definition of SIB are explained. SIB is not a single clinical entity and it occurs in various psychiatric syndromes with wide range of psychopathology. Based on clinical criteria, a classification of ...
Fejjal N
Injury that occurs to a finger wearing a ring though rare can have grave consequences. It is a preventable injury which has a peculiar mode of trauma that is usually occupational. Injury ranges from simple contusion to degloving of soft tissues to traumatic amputation. We hereby report our experience of ...
Gee Christopher J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A review of ocular injury related to mass disaster over the past 25 years, including injury type, treatment, and final visual outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injury types, treatment, and final visual acuity. RESULTS: Acts of terror and war result in significant and increasingly more common ocular ...
Blaauw G - - 2008
Most brachial plexus lesions are traction injuries sustained during birth, but in adolescents and older people they are usually caused by traffic accidents or following a fall in the home. A minority are the result of penetrating injury after civilian assault or trauma encountered during wartime. Birth palsy cases (obstetric ...
Squier Waney - - 2008
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), characterized by the triad of subdural haemorrhage, retinal haemorrhage, and encephalopathy, was initially based on the hypothesis that shaking causes tearing of bridging veins and bilateral subdural bleeding. It remains controversial. New evidence since SBS was first defined three decades ago needs to be reviewed. Neuropathology ...
Chloros George D - - 2008
Acute compartment syndrome following fracture of the distal radius occurs in less than 1% of cases, but if the diagnosis is delayed, the potential consequences may be devastating. The majority of the cases involve high-energy injuries in young patients, and increasing pain "out of proportion to the injury sustained" is ...
Carmont Michael R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Mountain biking is a fast, exciting adventure sport with increasing numbers of participants and competitions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A search of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, DH data, and Embase databases was performed using the following keywords: mountain, biking and injuries. This revealed 2 review articles, 17 case controlled studies, 4 ...
Singh Vinay - - 2008
Acute constriction ring syndrome (ACRS) is a rare clinical condition characterized by formation of a circumferential constriction ring around an appendage or genitalia. Cases are mostly reported in infants and young children. Early recognition and a definitive treatment are of paramount importance in order to avoid irreversible ischemia and possible ...
Bawany Fauzia Ahmad - - 2008
Transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a potentially fatal Acute Lung Injury following transfusion of blood components. Hypotheses implicate donor-derived anti-human leukocyte antigen or granulocyte antibodies reacting with recipients' leukocytes, releasing inflammatory mediators. Lack of agreement on underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms renders improving transfusion safety difficult and expensive. ...
Asuquo M E - - 2008
Background: Lightning injuries are relatively uncommon and have been a subject of awe since primitive times. It most significantly affects the cardiorespiratory, nervous, and integumentary systems. Surprisingly, cutaneous burn injuries caused by lightning are usually superficial. Objective: To present the cutaneous manifestations of lightning injuries and the sequelae of improper ...
Nepal Manish - - 2008
Urate nephropathy in children is uncommon, occurring mostly in those who have undergone chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The characteristic obstruction of distal nephron tubules by uric acid precipitates is considered key to the subsequent parenchymal injury. Whether proximal tubular injury plays a role in urate nephropathy remains unclear. We report one ...
Male Kishore Reddy - - 2008
: This is a case report of intra cranial penetration by halo pins resulting in cerebritis and fits secondary to incorrect halo care by the patient and his family. Halo pin penetration into the skull with brain injury is itself a rare incident. Previously documented case reports were in patients ...
Thakore Nainoor - - 2008
Common Carotid Artery (CCA) is an uncommon site of injury following a blunt trauma, its presentation with spontaneous delayed rupture is even more uncommon and a rugby tackle leading to CCA injury is a rare event. What makes this case unique and very rare is combination of all of the ...
Hussey Keith - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aberdeen Royal Infirmary is a teaching hospital serving a population of over 500,000. A number of nail gun injuries to the hand prompted a review of our management of these injuries and a review of the literature. These are deep penetrating injuries, often contaminated by particles of skin, oil, ...
Bravman Jonathan T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low energy trauma to the upper extremity is rarely associated with a significant vascular injury. Due to the low incidence, a high level of suspicion combined with appropriate diagnostic algorithms are mandatory for early recognition and timely management of these potentially detrimental injuries. METHODS: Review of the pertinent literature, ...
Wani Adil Hafeez - - 2008
We report a case of a 15 year old young female who suffered autoamputation of left mid foot and four digits of right foot following repeated application of snow to relieve the pain in her frost bitten feet. The sociodemographic background, cause, resulting injury and subsequent management are discussed. Such ...
Lasanianos N - - 2008
Late diagnoses of orthopaedic injuries after epileptic crisis are a matter of concern. The rarity of correlation between seizure and specific trauma incidences such as bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation, may lead to improper estimation of the patient's clinical state, wrong treatment and unpleasant complications. We report the rare case of ...
Sammut S J C - - 2008
Warts are a common skin complaint in childhood. We describe 3 unusual cases in which inadvertent tissue injury was caused during the treatment of viral warts by a commercially available cryotherapy device. In each case there was a failure to follow the instructions provided correctly. If such devices are to ...
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