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Results 201 - 250 of 1362
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Wasfi Ehab - - 2009
In literature, many different types of foreign objects have been found to have caused eye injuries. These objects can range from organic to inorganic matter such as glass, wood, pencil, nails and fishhooks. Once the injury is recognized, removal of the foreign body and technique used in the management of ...
Dara Lily - - 2008
Dietary supplements represent an increasingly common source of drug-induced liver injury. Hydroxycut is a popular weight loss supplement which has previously been linked to hepatotoxicity, although the individual chemical components underlying liver injury remain poorly understood. We report two cases of acute hepatitis in the setting of Hydroxycut exposure and ...
Crawford David L - - 2008
This is a case of impalement injury with delayed presentation. A 60-year-old man experienced a traumatic injury after a fall on top of a broken picture frame, which caused a small laceration to his left upper abdominal wall. Sixteen months after the injury, he developed a tender left abdominal wall ...
Durak D - - 2008
Blast injury is becoming more common in the non-military population but it is still rare to see such injuries and deaths unrelated to terrorist acts. The exact mechanisms involved in blast injuries are unclear. Civilian physicians and surgeons need to have a basic understanding of the patho-mechanics and physiological effects ...
Stjernbrandt Albin - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge regarding drownings related to land motor vehicle events is limited although reports of these events occur globally. This study elucidates crash and injury mechanisms in motor vehicle-related drownings in a Swedish population during 1992 through 2006 in order to suggest preventive countermeasures. METHODS: The cases were identified in ...
Moharamzad Yashar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe mortality pattern and to determine undiagnosed fatal injuries according to autopsy findings among road traffic accident victims in Yazd, Iran. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 251 victims of road traffic accidents who were admitted to a tertiary trauma hospital over a two-year period (2006 and 2007) and ...
Gupta R K - - 2008
A case of symptomatic muscle hernia of the leg in a provincial cricketer caused by a cricket ball injury is presented. It was diagnosed clinically and treated with a limited fasciotomy. However, delay in the diagnosis and treatment ended the professional career of the player. An awareness of the condition ...
Reddy Sangala Jaypal - - 2008
Primary traumatic facet dislocations are unusual in the lumbar spine. Most occurrences have been reported at the lumbosacral junction associated with anterior subluxation. The authors describe 2 cases in which a high impact trauma resulted in lateral subluxation with a unilateral locked facet involving the lumbar spine. In their review ...
Wehner Frank - - 2008
When a crime victim has been injured with several different objects, it is of central importance for the forensic investigation to be able to show which object caused which injury, especially if one of the injuries was lethal. In cases of bullet penetration wounds it is often not possible to ...
Baguley Ian J - - 2008
Severe sympathetic overactivity occurs in several conditions that are recognized as medical emergencies. Following central nervous system injury, a small proportion of individuals develop severe paroxysmal sympathetic and motor overactivity. These individuals have a high attendant risk of unnecessary secondary morbidity. Following acquired brain injury, the syndrome is known by ...
Otte Dietmar - - 2008
The national accident statistics demonstrate that the situation of passenger car side impacts is dominated by car-to-car accidents. Car side-to-pole impacts are relatively infrequent events but result in disproportionate rates of serious and fatal injuries when compared to those in car-to-car side impact. Hence their importance has been highlighted in ...
Shpaner Alexander - - 2008
Drug hepatotoxicity is the most common cause of fulminant hepatic failure in the USA. We describe a rare case of a patient who developed an acute liver injury after initiation of therapy with quetiapine, but after conservative management and a trial of steroids, has fully recovered. This is the second ...
Magge Deepa - - 2008
Injury to the carotid artery can occur in the setting of blunt and penetrating trauma. Such injury can result in pseudoaneurysm formation. We present a case of posttraumatic common carotid pseudoaneurysm (PTCP) that was diagnosed and treated 2 months after a motor vehicle accident and review the literature on the ...
Frey Lauren C - - 2009
Lateral fluid percussion injury (LFPI) is the most commonly used experimental model of human traumatic brain injury (TBI). To date, investigators using this model have produced injury using a pendulum-and-piston-based device (PPBD) to drive fluid against an intact dural surface. Two disadvantages of this method, however, are (1) the necessary ...
Kumar S - - 2008
Foreign body trauma to the oral cavity is fairly common. However, severe injuries caused by a toothbrush are rarely reported. We report a case of a 35-year-old epileptic patient who suffered seizures while brushing his teeth. During this episode, he self-inflicted a grievous injury to his oro-pharynx with his toothbrush ...
Katrana F - - 2008
A case of severe degloving injury to the left hand with complete destruction of the extensor apparatus of the thumb and exposure of the IP joint is presented. The damaged area was resurfaced with the use of the Integra template and the abductor pollicis longus tendon, lengthened with a tendon ...
Sandmire Herbert F - - 2009
In the past decades, obstetric personnel have attempted to reduce the frequency of brachial plexus injury (BPI) by attempting to use less traction during the delivery of the fetal anterior shoulder. Clearly, these attempts have been unsuccessful in preventing or reducing the frequency of BPI. We conducted a nonsystematic literature ...
John Neely - - 2009
Paintball is an "extreme sport" that has been steadily growing in popularity since the early 1980s. Although this activity is considered recreational, there are a number of inherent dangers associated. Most notably, the number of head and neck injuries due to paintball participation has been increasing in recent years. In ...
Rao K Nagaraja - - 2008
A case series of self-injurious behavior (SIB) encountered in a General Hospital setting has been described. Limitations of current definition of SIB are explained. SIB is not a single clinical entity and it occurs in various psychiatric syndromes with wide range of psychopathology. Based on clinical criteria, a classification of ...
Mohan Rajashekar - - 2011
Background: Abdominal impalement injuries are usually associated with visceral and vascular injury, causing significant morbidity and mortality. The management of these injuries poses specific challenges in prehospital care, transport, and management strategies. Objective: We report a case of transabdominal impalement with no injury to intra-abdominal visceral or vascular structures, demonstrating ...
Sönmez Kaan - - 2008
Ureteral injuries represent less than 1% of all traumatic genitourinary injuries. The rarity of traumatic ureteral injury is at least in part because the ureters are relatively well protected in the retroperitoneum. Ureteral injuries after blunt trauma are not common, and bilateral disruption of the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) has only ...
Lin Cheng-Hung - - 2008
Although great toe loss represents not only disruption of external body integrity but also a functional defect with possible psychological consequences, only a few publications concerning great toe replantation have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this study was to present the authors' experience with great toe replantation. ...
Kohlmeier R E - - 2008
Microscopic examination was performed on 55 cases of traumatic liver lacerations incurred from fatal motor vehicle accidents. None of the deaths was due to the liver injury. In 38 of 55 cases, the decedent was pronounced dead at the scene. Microscopic examination of the liver lacerations in these 38 cases ...
Tsonis Lambros - - 2008
Hydrofluoric acid has a unique mechanism for causing devastating injuries when it contacts human tissue. Although a great deal of literature exists for cutaneous exposures, inhalational exposures have not been as well studied. Although most cases of severe inhalational exposures to hydrofluoric acid are rapidly lethal, here we present a ...
Matheï J - - 2008
A traumatic lesion of the axillary artery after a proximal humeral fracture is very uncommon. The clinical presentation can be very misleading and therefore it is mandatory to have a high index of suspicion and, as presented in this case report, to check the pulsations in different positions. Open repair ...
Julie N L - - 2008
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Troglitazone was approved for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but by 2000 it had been removed from all world markets due to severe drug-induced liver injury. Even today, we still do not know how many patients sustained a long-term liver injury. No system is in place to acquire ...
Suresh Kumar Shetty B - - 2008
Injury to the male external genitalia is relatively uncommon when compared with other parts of the human body. Trauma to external genitalia could result from accidents involving motor vehicles, power farm machinery, gun shot and stab injuries. We present a rare case of traumatic degloving injury of male external genitalia ...
El-Nahas Ahmed R - - 2008
Liver injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is very rare and is usually overlooked. In this report, we present a case of inadvertent liver injury during right supracostal PCNL and describe diagnostic tools, conservative management measures, and outcome. A literature review of potential risk factors and suggested techniques to avoid injuring ...
Pillai Mary - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Interpretation of genital findings is a key component of the medical examination for suspected child sexual abuse. This study seeks to review the extent of evidence-based research on genital findings in prepubertal girls. METHODS: Literature review on normal genital anatomy in non-abused girls, case control studies comparing abused and ...
Negri Giacomo - - 2008
We report the case of a bilateral bipartite ossification center of the proximal tibia in a 15-year-old boy with a history of knee injury. The presence of the duplicated ossific centers was an incidental finding on radiography and computed tomography performed after injury. Arthroscopy showed continuous hyaline cartilage between the ...
Gupta Ashok - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The association between hypopituitarism, Chiari I malformation, and syringomyelia has been recently recognized. Most of the reported patients suffered perinatal injury or asphyxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a premature child without identifiable perinatal injury, who was recognized to have growth hormone (GH) deficiency, Chiari I ...
Jensen Lisbeth - - 2008
Shopping carts may be associated with a variety of injuries, particularly in toddlers and young children. These usually relate to falls from carts or to tip-overs. Injuries that are sustained include hematomas/contusions, abrasions, lacerations, fractures, and fingertip amputations. Fatal episodes are uncommon and are usually due to blunt craniocerebral trauma ...
Pinho Fábia M Oliveira - - 2008
There are 4 genera of venomous snakes in Latin America: Bothrops, Crotalus, Lachesis, and Micrurus. Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported consistently after Bothrops and Crotalus envenomations. In fact, these 2 genera of snakes are responsible, along with the Russell's viper, for the majority of cases of snakebite-induced AKI ...
Bassey G O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This article reviews 16 cases of civilian gunshot injuries of the oro-facial region seen at University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar over a 5-year period and highlights the rising trend in the occurrence of gun shot injuries to the orofacial region as experienced in the south-south region of Nigeria. ...
Miller Michael A - - 2008
Ballistic protective vests and garments have evolved into important life-saving measures for members of police forces and militaries. Although effectively reducing morbidity and mortality from projectile injuries, significant injuries still do occur. We report a case demonstrating an example of the effects of transmitted forces through a protective vest resulting ...
Dunn Paul - - 2008
AIM: To review investigations of reported cases of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) performed by the National Tissue Typing laboratory since 2004. METHOD: Donors associated with reported cases of TRALI are recalled for white cell antibody tests. A donor is implicated if found to have neutrophil or HLA antibodies with ...
McCulloch Patrick C - - 2008
Triceps tendon injuries are one of the least common of all tendon injuries. While certain activities, medications, and systemic conditions have been associated with avulsion of the triceps tendon, there have been no reported familial associations. This article presents a case of a father and son who both sustained this ...
Martin J-L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate potential risk factors for whiplash injury as a function of crash configuration and driver's characteristics, and to provide information on over-reporting and under-reporting of whiplash. DESIGN: A case-control study of drivers involved in two-car injury collisions. Cases were drivers who had a diagnosis of whiplash injury, with ...
Jacobs Bruce L - - 2008
The kidney is the most commonly injured urologic organ, with most injuries occurring unilaterally. We report a rare case of synchronous bilateral renal hematomas in an 87 year old restrained driver involved in a motor vehicle accident and briefly review the management of renal trauma, including the indications for operative ...
Hekal Ihab A - - 2008
Herein, a case of ureteric injury was inflected during lumbo-sacral laminectomy is reported to be added to the previously published 15 cases. Ureteric injury is a rare complication that may be encountered during lumbar disc surgery. We traced 15 cases that were published in literatures allover the past years with ...
Richter Gresham T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Flash fires, mucosal injuries and commissure burns during otolaryngology procedures have been largely attributed to anesthetic and surgical errors. Reports of direct electrosurgical device related events are rare. The discovery of thermal damage to the oral commissure during routine suction cautery adenoidectomy at our institution prompted a detailed investigation ...
Daentzer Dorothea - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In case of atlantoaxial instability dorsal C1-C2 screw fixation is the most appropriate procedure to get immediate and sufficient three-point fixation. However, this method cannot be performed in bilateral high-riding vertebral arteries because of high risk of VA injury. CASE DESCRIPTION: In a 66-year-old woman who presented with neck ...
Deland Jonathan T - - 2008
Posterior tibial tendon tears in dancers are uncommon. No case series of such injuries has been presented. The injury does however occur, and should be differentiated from the more common causes of medial hindfoot symptoms in dancers. The relevant anatomy, biomechanics, and differential diagnosis are presented followed by a summary ...
Devarajan Prasad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents a common and devastating problem in clinical medicine. The lack of early biomarkers for AKI has led to a delay in initiating potentially effective therapies. OBJECTIVE: Identification of novel urinary biomarkers for AKI that have progressed to the clinical phase of the biomarker discovery ...
Haq Mohammad Zia Ul - - 2008
The number of electrical injuries are rising in proportion to the increased use of electricity in both domestic and industrial sectors. There are multiple ways in which electricity can cause tissue damage, which can be due to direct effects, electroporation and thermal effects. However, these mechanisms fail to explain the ...
Fejjal N - - 2008
Injury that occurs to a finger wearing a ring though rare can have grave consequences. It is a preventable injury which has a peculiar mode of trauma that is usually occupational. Injury ranges from simple contusion to degloving of soft tissues to traumatic amputation. We hereby report our experience of ...
Ravikumar Reena - - 2008
Small bowel evisceration through the rectum is extremely rare in childhood and has previously been reported in association with swimming pool suction injuries. We report a case of ileal evisceration resulting from a self-inflicted injury in a teenaged boy. Such a mechanism of injury leading to evisceration of the small ...
Kortchinsky Talna - - 2008
Children involved in high-speed vehicle collision could be particularly exposed to severe injuries when adult restraints are used. We report a case where adult 3-point restraint used without booster seat was responsible for severe thoracic injury resulting in complete shoulder and clavicle dislocation, occipito-atloidal dislocation, and complete disruption of right ...
Yadla Sanjay - - 2008
Study design Focused review of the current literature. Objective To identify and synthesize the most current data pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of whiplash and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), and to report on whiplash-related injuries. Methods A search of OVID Medline (1996-January 2007) and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews ...
Donate Guillermo - - 2008
Animal bite injuries to humans are relatively common, however, bite injuries to the lower extremity and more specifically the foot are relatively uncommon. Foot injuries, once infected, may lead to further complications, such as soft tissue loss, bone loss, and the need for amputation. Patients with preexisting medical conditions, such ...
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