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Rahman Waheeda - - 2010
Nonaccidental head injuries may present in several ways, requiring prompt recognition and management because of the risk of death or permanent neurologic and visual impairment. Dense amblyopia and high anisometropic myopia induced by prolonged occlusion of the macula by hemorrhage is a concern in these infants, although the prognosis also ...
Bond Jason J Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, California 94608, USA. - - 2010
While the validity of self-reported consumption based on blood alcohol concentration (BAC) has been found to be high in emergency room (ER) samples, little research exists on the estimated number of drinks consumed given a BAC level. Such data would be useful in establishing a dose-response relationship between drinking and ...
Juern Jeremy - - 2010
Suction evisceration from a pool drain is a rare injury. This child presented with what appeared to be isolated perineal trauma. Ultimately, the patient was found to have complete transanal small bowel evisceration. Reported herein are the specifics of this case, along with a review of the relevant literature relating ...
Desai Alana C - - 2010
We describe a case of a splenic injury caused by a transsplenic percutaneous nephrostomy tract. The case was completed without incident and the nephrostomy tube was noted to traverse the spleen on routine postoperative imaging. This rare complication was managed by deposition of Gelfoam((R)) pledgets along the transsplenic nephrostomy tract ...
Mabry Robert L - - 2010
Airway compromise is the third leading cause of potentially preventable death on the battlefield. An understanding of the injuries associated with fatal airway compromise is necessary to develop improvements in equipment, training, and prehospital management strategies in order to maximize survival. To determine injury patters resulting in airway compromise in ...
Vaidya Sandeep S - - 2010
Dissection of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is rare, with only a few published reports in the literature. It is usually associated with blunt abdominal injury or iatrogenic injury from a catheter manipulation. Venous dissections are rare due to lack of well-developed layers in the walls (intima, media and adventitia), ...
Zichello Christine - - 2010
A well-defined incident review committee may prevent losses, identify areas for corrective action, and promote overall safety in an organization. A multidisciplinary committee will involve employees in the safety process and heighten safety awareness. Reviewing injuries, incidents, occupational illnesses, and workers' compensation claims assists in root cause analysis and enables ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2010
Life-threatening complications due to apparently minor penetrating neck injuries can occur. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy, who had what initially appeared to be a superficial stab wound to his neck. After further evaluation, he was found to have major injuries to his larynx and esophagus. This case ...
Mancini Stefano - - 2010
Despite its rarity, infliximab-related hepatitis constitutes a cutting edge and challenging problem. In December 2004, a drug warning was issued by the Food and Drug Administration to alert healthcare professionals to the risk of hepatotoxicity in course of infliximab therapy. Subsequently, several reports of probable infliximab hepatitis have been published ...
Boatright Su L - - 2010
Compression is the most common cause of damage to the fibular head, the site of most peroneal nerve injuries which cause foot drop. Compression injuries can be caused by prolonged immobility and habitual leg-crossing. A review of the literature does not reveal the existence of a nationwide study that investigates ...
Kavanagh Dara Oliver - - 2010
Impairments of speech and language are important consequences of head injury as they compromise interaction between the patient and others. A large spectrum of communication deficits can occur. There are few reports in the literature of aphasia following closed head injury despite the common presentation of closed head injury. Herein ...
Singh Abhayjit - - 2010
A metaplastic change where normal squamous mucosa of the esophagus is replaced by columnar mucosa is considered an adaptive process to withstand the chronic gastroesophageal reflux injury. However, this phenotypic switch in the esophageal mucosa is associated with an increased propensity to undergo neoplastic transformation. In this chapter, we review ...
Singh Deepak - - 2010
Penetrating injuries other than gunshot wounds or low-velocity wounds to the head are extremely rare. We report the case of a 19 year old male who sustained a penetrating craniocerebral trauma following a road traffic accident. Noncontrast CT scan revealed three foreign bodies embedded in left frontal lobe, which on ...
Somi Mohammad Hossein - - 2010
Obstructive jaundice is infrequently caused by a foreign body. We report a 42-year-old man who presented with obstructive jaundice by an impacted shrapnel splinter in the common bile duct (CBD) 23 years after a combat injury. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of this type in Iranian ...
Paiva Wellingson Silva - - 2010
Penetrating injury of the skull and brain are relatively uncommon events, representing about 0.4% of all head injuries. Transorbital penetrating brain injury is an unusual occurrence in emergency practice and presents with controversial management. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who fell forward on a bamboo stick while ...
Farooq Umar - - 2010
The aim of study was to assess differences in reporting of violence and deliberate self harm (DSH) related injuries to police and emergency department (ED) in an urban town of Pakistan. Study setting was Rawalpindi city of 1.6 million inhabitants. Incidences of violence and DSH related injuries and deaths were ...
Dahl William J - - 2010
Sea urchin injuries to the hand are uncommon. A variety of home remedies can be found on the internet and other sources for dealing with this problem in the acute setting. Many long term complications such as granulomas, arthritis, and tenosynovitis can result from a neglected sea urchin injury. We ...
Jentink Janneke - - 2010
To identify specific major congenital malformations associated with use of carbamazepine in the first trimester of pregnancy. A review of all published cohort studies to identify key indications and a population based case-control study to test these indications. Review of PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase for papers about carbamazepine ...
Sever Celalettin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to present a case report of a patient with hand frostbite injury sustained by helium vapor and discuss the circumstances of this injury, treatment, and preventive measures. A case report of the incident was drafted and the relevant literatures were reviewed. The patient was ...
Pothula Aravind - - 2010
Colonoscopy is a common procedure with the rare complication of a splenic injury. The proposed mechanism of injury is excessive splenocolic ligament traction. The diagnosis is made by computed tomography and the treatment is determined by the patient's stability. Here we report a case of splenic injury during colonoscopy with ...
Clark Justin James JJ University of Hawaii Surgical Residency Program, Honolulu, HI 96813, - - 2012
Needlefish injuries to humans are extremely rare. An extensive review of the medical literature reveals only 22 cases previously reported. Most injuries reported have occurred in the Indo-Pacific region, but there are scattered reports worldwide. To report two cases of life-threatening penetrating abdominal injuries from needlefish impalement. A 19-year-old man ...
Yard Ellen E - - 2009
High school athletes sustain more than 1.4 million injuries annually. National high school sports injury surveillance forms the foundation for developing and evaluating preventive interventions to reduce injury rates. For national surveillance, individuals must report consistently and accurately with little one-on-one interaction with study staff. To examine the feasibility of ...
Smith David F - - 2009
Blunt neck trauma is an infrequent cause of injury in the pediatric population; however, significant injury is possible even with minor trauma to the neck. The authors present the previously unreported case of a combined laryngotracheal and esophageal disruption as well as a severe laryngeal crush injury in a pediatric ...
Freeman Michael D - - 2009
Clinical determinations of causation in cases of intervertebral disk (IVD) injury after a motor vehicle crash (MVC) are often disputed in medicolegal settings. No published systematic guidelines exist for making such determinations, which has resulted in infringement by nonclinical personnel into injury causation evaluations, a traditionally clinical activity. The result ...
Hinchey Paul R - - 2009
Use of the TASER electronic control device by law enforcement and civilians is increasing. Advocates for the use of the device believe that it has reduced the number of officer and suspect injuries. However, the use of the device is not without complications. Many of these injuries to superficial body ...
Kobayashi Masahiko - - 2009
Rubber bullets are one of the less-lethal (nonlethal) weapons, which are increasingly used to incapacitate dangerous individuals, avoiding use of firearms. An autopsy examination of a man who was shot with improved rubber bullets revealed that the bullet caused pulmonary contusion. The bullet was 30 g in weight and consisted ...
Delgado-Beltran Alvaro - - 2009
Reports of inferior vena cava (IVC) pseudoaneurysms are always associated with arteriovenous fistulae and arterial injuries. This seems to be the first case report of an isolated IVC pseudoaneurysm in a 40-year-old man who suffered a penetrating abdominal injury 4 weeks before being referred to our hospital. Jaundice was the ...
Rahman Waheeda - - 2009
Nonaccidental head injuries may present in several ways, requiring prompt recognition and management because of the risk of death or permanent neurologic and visual impairment. Dense amblyopia and high anisometropic myopia induced by prolonged occlusion of the macula by hemorrhage is a concern in these infants, although the prognosis also ...
Liss Gordon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Given the number of publications appearing annually regarding drug-induced liver injury (DILI), there remains a need to concisely summarize each year's new crop of case series and reports as well as the advances in mechanisms of liver injury and in the field of pharmacogenomics relating to DILI. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Medina Carlos Remolina - - 2009
Post-intubation tracheal injury is a rare and potentially fatal complication. Among the most common causes, cuff overinflation and repetitive attempts of orotracheal intubation in emergency situations are paramount. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiological suspicion, confirmed by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Both conservative and surgical management apply, and the decision-making process ...
Ajmal Saad - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Firearm injuries to the spine may cause injury to the neurological structures and/or to the spine, including ligaments and bones. PURPOSE: Patients usually present with symptoms immediately after injury. However, only a few cases have been reported where a patient is neurologically intact after the initial injury but ...
Adams Titus S - - 2010
Barrel explosions (or "bursts") can occur when different gauge cartridges are inadvertently placed into the breech of a shotgun. This article describes two cases in which injuries were sustained to the left hand and forearm as a result of the placement of 12- and 20-gauge cartridges into 12-bore shotguns. Although ...
Samantaray Supriti - - 2009
A vast literature extolling the benefits of melatonin has accumulated during the past four decades. Melatonin was previously considered of importance to seasonal reproduction and circadian rhythmicity. Currently, it appears to be a versatile anti-oxidative and anti-nitrosative agent, a molecule with immunomodulatory actions and profound oncostatic activity, and also to ...
Pomeranz Meir - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several organs may be damaged by strangulation by hair or strings that cause ischemia and necrosis. There have been sporadic case reports of such events. Injuries to the hands, feet, and fingers, as well as penile(1-5) and clitoral injuries(6-8) have been reported. CASES: Three cases of labia minor strangulation ...
Cho Chul-Hyun - - 2009
Most injuries resulting from break-dancing are minor, such as sprains and strains, but there is great potential for dance participants to sustain severe and life-threatening conditions, such as cervical cord injuries. Break-dancing carries many of the risks of conventional dance and gymnastics, but unlike those forms of activity, it is ...
Kerr Hui-Ling - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of sharps injury reporting amongst surgeons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 164 surgeons completed a questionnaire on the reporting of sharps injuries, on the reasons for not reporting and their practise of universal precautions. RESULTS: Out of 164 ...
Rautji Ravi - - 2009
A 35-year-old male, employed at a construction site, accidentally injured himself when an iron rod, which he was handing up from the ground floor to a fellow worker standing on the first floor, fell backwards. It pierced his suprascapular fossa on the right side, damaging great vessels and the tricuspid ...
Akinbami B O - - 2009
Parotid gland injuries are accompanied by a large number of sequelae. The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of thorough management of these parotid glandinjuries especially at initial presentation in order to minimize the complications that accompany these injuries. A review of the aetiology and management of ...
Marinaro Jonathan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The first use of HBOC-201 in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is presented. The use of noninvasive cerebral oximetric devices to follow clinical progress in a patient infused with HBOC-201 is reported and the literature of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) in brain injury is reported. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old ...
Mackerle Z - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A penetrating head injury belongs to the most severe traumatic brain injuries, in which communication can arise between the intracranial cavity and surrounding environment. DISCUSSION: The authors present a literature review and typical case reports of a penetrating head injury in children. The list of patients treated at the ...
Stockwell Beverley - - 2009
Despite clear guidance for the need for rescuers to avoid contact with a patient during external defibrillation, the advice regarding the potential dangers of rescuer contact during the firing of an internal cardioverter defibrillator [ICD] generally implies that such contact is safe. This case report describes documented nerve injury to ...
King J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Between 1999 and 2005, 51 neonates were admitted to the regional Neonatal Surgical Unit (NSU), Glasgow with a diagnosis of head injury. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare this cohort with those from an earlier review of similar cases. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cases were reviewed using ...
Satyarthee G D - - 2009
Penetrating cranial injury is a potentially life-threatening condition. The majority of war injuries are high-velocity penetrating cranial injuries; but in civilian cases, most penetrating cranial wounds are low-velocity type. We report an interesting case of transorbital penetrating cranial injury with a knife-sharpening stone made up of ceramic in a 28-year-old ...
Babikian Talin T Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2009
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) continues to be one of the leading causes of death and disability in the pediatric population. Although the literature on neurocognitive outcomes is relatively rich, studies vary significantly in the methods used to group subjects on several moderating variables, including age at injury, injury severity, and ...
Nabi Dar G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review injury patterns caused by falling from tall trees in Kashmir, and to suggest preventive measures. METHOD: A prospective study involving rural workers presenting after falling from a walnut tree. Participants were followed for a mean 11.8 (4-20) months. RESULTS: From March 2006 to October 2007, 120 people ...
Heck Josh M - - 2009
Abdominal aortic injury after blunt trauma is rare in the pediatric population. There have been fewer than 20 reported cases in the literature since 1960, and most were the result of motor vehicle collisions. We report the case of a 16-month-old boy who is the youngest reported patient to sustain ...
Riouallon G - - 2009
Vascular injuries diagnosed during the course of total hip arthroplasty (THA) implantations are rare. They must be constantly feared as they sometimes put at risk the vital and functional prognosis of the operated limb. We report the case of a common femoral artery injury diagnosed by arteriography within two days ...
Naeem I - - 2009
Residual metallic fragments after intra-abdominal penetrating injuries due to fragments of artillery shells are generally inert, although they may rarely re-activate. The authors present a case where such a fragment presented as a renal stone 17 years after injury. The literature was reviewed and the initial difficulties with the radiological ...
Bailey Christopher M - - 2009
Mild head injury is a controversial topic because patients may have subtle deficits and widely varied outcomes. Accordingly, neuropsychologists are frequently asked to provide expert testimony about the nature of mild head injury. This article discusses how the sports-related concussion literature, including the concept of baseline assessment, can inform expert ...
Cosper Graham H - - 2009
Tracheobronchial injuries are uncommon after pediatric blunt trauma. Because they are easily missed and potentially life-threatening, surgeons caring for pediatric patients with trauma should be aware of this spectrum of injuries. We present a case of tracheobronchial injury in a 10-year-old girl caused by blunt trauma sustained during an all-terrain ...
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