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Clark Justin James - - 2012
Background: Needlefish injuries to humans are extremely rare. An extensive review of the medical literature reveals only 22 cases previously reported. Most injuries reported have occurred in the Indo-Pacific region, but there are scattered reports worldwide. Objective: To report two cases of life-threatening penetrating abdominal injuries from needlefish impalement. Case ...
Yard Ellen E - - 2009
High school athletes sustain more than 1.4 million injuries annually. National high school sports injury surveillance forms the foundation for developing and evaluating preventive interventions to reduce injury rates. For national surveillance, individuals must report consistently and accurately with little one-on-one interaction with study staff. To examine the feasibility of ...
Smith David F - - 2009
Blunt neck trauma is an infrequent cause of injury in the pediatric population; however, significant injury is possible even with minor trauma to the neck. The authors present the previously unreported case of a combined laryngotracheal and esophageal disruption as well as a severe laryngeal crush injury in a pediatric ...
Freeman Michael D - - 2009
Clinical determinations of causation in cases of intervertebral disk (IVD) injury after a motor vehicle crash (MVC) are often disputed in medicolegal settings. No published systematic guidelines exist for making such determinations, which has resulted in infringement by nonclinical personnel into injury causation evaluations, a traditionally clinical activity. The result ...
Hinchey Paul R - - 2009
Use of the TASER electronic control device by law enforcement and civilians is increasing. Advocates for the use of the device believe that it has reduced the number of officer and suspect injuries. However, the use of the device is not without complications. Many of these injuries to superficial body ...
Kobayashi Masahiko - - 2009
Rubber bullets are one of the less-lethal (nonlethal) weapons, which are increasingly used to incapacitate dangerous individuals, avoiding use of firearms. An autopsy examination of a man who was shot with improved rubber bullets revealed that the bullet caused pulmonary contusion. The bullet was 30 g in weight and consisted ...
Delgado-Beltran Alvaro - - 2009
Reports of inferior vena cava (IVC) pseudoaneurysms are always associated with arteriovenous fistulae and arterial injuries. This seems to be the first case report of an isolated IVC pseudoaneurysm in a 40-year-old man who suffered a penetrating abdominal injury 4 weeks before being referred to our hospital. Jaundice was the ...
Rahman Waheeda - - 2009
Nonaccidental head injuries may present in several ways, requiring prompt recognition and management because of the risk of death or permanent neurologic and visual impairment. Dense amblyopia and high anisometropic myopia induced by prolonged occlusion of the macula by hemorrhage is a concern in these infants, although the prognosis also ...
Liss Gordon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Given the number of publications appearing annually regarding drug-induced liver injury (DILI), there remains a need to concisely summarize each year's new crop of case series and reports as well as the advances in mechanisms of liver injury and in the field of pharmacogenomics relating to DILI. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Medina Carlos Remolina - - 2009
Post-intubation tracheal injury is a rare and potentially fatal complication. Among the most common causes, cuff overinflation and repetitive attempts of orotracheal intubation in emergency situations are paramount. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiological suspicion, confirmed by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Both conservative and surgical management apply, and the decision-making process ...
Ajmal Saad - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Firearm injuries to the spine may cause injury to the neurological structures and/or to the spine, including ligaments and bones. PURPOSE: Patients usually present with symptoms immediately after injury. However, only a few cases have been reported where a patient is neurologically intact after the initial injury but ...
Adams Titus S - - 2010
Barrel explosions (or "bursts") can occur when different gauge cartridges are inadvertently placed into the breech of a shotgun. This article describes two cases in which injuries were sustained to the left hand and forearm as a result of the placement of 12- and 20-gauge cartridges into 12-bore shotguns. Although ...
Samantaray Supriti - - 2009
A vast literature extolling the benefits of melatonin has accumulated during the past four decades. Melatonin was previously considered of importance to seasonal reproduction and circadian rhythmicity. Currently, it appears to be a versatile anti-oxidative and anti-nitrosative agent, a molecule with immunomodulatory actions and profound oncostatic activity, and also to ...
Pomeranz Meir - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several organs may be damaged by strangulation by hair or strings that cause ischemia and necrosis. There have been sporadic case reports of such events. Injuries to the hands, feet, and fingers, as well as penile(1-5) and clitoral injuries(6-8) have been reported. CASES: Three cases of labia minor strangulation ...
Cho Chul-Hyun - - 2009
Most injuries resulting from break-dancing are minor, such as sprains and strains, but there is great potential for dance participants to sustain severe and life-threatening conditions, such as cervical cord injuries. Break-dancing carries many of the risks of conventional dance and gymnastics, but unlike those forms of activity, it is ...
Kerr Hui-Ling - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of sharps injury reporting amongst surgeons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 164 surgeons completed a questionnaire on the reporting of sharps injuries, on the reasons for not reporting and their practise of universal precautions. RESULTS: Out of 164 ...
Rautji Ravi - - 2009
A 35-year-old male, employed at a construction site, accidentally injured himself when an iron rod, which he was handing up from the ground floor to a fellow worker standing on the first floor, fell backwards. It pierced his suprascapular fossa on the right side, damaging great vessels and the tricuspid ...
Akinbami B O - - 2009
Parotid gland injuries are accompanied by a large number of sequelae. The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of thorough management of these parotid glandinjuries especially at initial presentation in order to minimize the complications that accompany these injuries. A review of the aetiology and management of ...
Marinaro Jonathan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The first use of HBOC-201 in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is presented. The use of noninvasive cerebral oximetric devices to follow clinical progress in a patient infused with HBOC-201 is reported and the literature of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) in brain injury is reported. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old ...
Mackerle Z - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: A penetrating head injury belongs to the most severe traumatic brain injuries, in which communication can arise between the intracranial cavity and surrounding environment. DISCUSSION: The authors present a literature review and typical case reports of a penetrating head injury in children. The list of patients treated at the ...
Stockwell Beverley - - 2009
Despite clear guidance for the need for rescuers to avoid contact with a patient during external defibrillation, the advice regarding the potential dangers of rescuer contact during the firing of an internal cardioverter defibrillator [ICD] generally implies that such contact is safe. This case report describes documented nerve injury to ...
Babikian Talin - - 2009
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) continues to be one of the leading causes of death and disability in the pediatric population. Although the literature on neurocognitive outcomes is relatively rich, studies vary significantly in the methods used to group subjects on several moderating variables, including age at injury, injury severity, and ...
King J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Between 1999 and 2005, 51 neonates were admitted to the regional Neonatal Surgical Unit (NSU), Glasgow with a diagnosis of head injury. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare this cohort with those from an earlier review of similar cases. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cases were reviewed using ...
Satyarthee G D - - 2009
Penetrating cranial injury is a potentially life-threatening condition. The majority of war injuries are high-velocity penetrating cranial injuries; but in civilian cases, most penetrating cranial wounds are low-velocity type. We report an interesting case of transorbital penetrating cranial injury with a knife-sharpening stone made up of ceramic in a 28-year-old ...
Nabi Dar G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review injury patterns caused by falling from tall trees in Kashmir, and to suggest preventive measures. METHOD: A prospective study involving rural workers presenting after falling from a walnut tree. Participants were followed for a mean 11.8 (4-20) months. RESULTS: From March 2006 to October 2007, 120 people ...
Heck Josh M - - 2009
Abdominal aortic injury after blunt trauma is rare in the pediatric population. There have been fewer than 20 reported cases in the literature since 1960, and most were the result of motor vehicle collisions. We report the case of a 16-month-old boy who is the youngest reported patient to sustain ...
Riouallon G - - 2009
Vascular injuries diagnosed during the course of total hip arthroplasty (THA) implantations are rare. They must be constantly feared as they sometimes put at risk the vital and functional prognosis of the operated limb. We report the case of a common femoral artery injury diagnosed by arteriography within two days ...
Naeem I - - 2009
Residual metallic fragments after intra-abdominal penetrating injuries due to fragments of artillery shells are generally inert, although they may rarely re-activate. The authors present a case where such a fragment presented as a renal stone 17 years after injury. The literature was reviewed and the initial difficulties with the radiological ...
Bailey Christopher M - - 2009
Mild head injury is a controversial topic because patients may have subtle deficits and widely varied outcomes. Accordingly, neuropsychologists are frequently asked to provide expert testimony about the nature of mild head injury. This article discusses how the sports-related concussion literature, including the concept of baseline assessment, can inform expert ...
Povlishock John T - - 2009
To date, considerable attention has been focused upon the use of hypothermia as a therapeutic strategy for attenuating many of the damaging consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite the promise of hypothermic intervention following TBI, many questions remain regarding the optimal use of hypothermic intervention, including, but not limited ...
Cosper Graham H - - 2009
Tracheobronchial injuries are uncommon after pediatric blunt trauma. Because they are easily missed and potentially life-threatening, surgeons caring for pediatric patients with trauma should be aware of this spectrum of injuries. We present a case of tracheobronchial injury in a 10-year-old girl caused by blunt trauma sustained during an all-terrain ...
Goligher Ewan Christopher - - 2009
The case of a 33-year-old man with aplastic anemia who experienced recurrent episodes of hypoxemia and pulmonary infiltrates during infusions of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is described. With the use of high-dose corticosteroids, the patient's original episodes resolved, and were subsequently prevented before additional administrations of ATG. Rare reports of an ...
Neequaye S - - 2009
Although traumatic abdominal missile injuries have been previously widely reported, there are no reports on penetrating hand held flare injuries. We report a case of a penetrating abdominal flare injury and the subsequent complications that occurred as a result of this unique injury.
Brunworth Louis Seitz - - 2009
Aggressive screening for blunt cerebrovascular injuries in patients with trauma has led to the identification and successful treatment of these injuries. We report the case of an 8-year-old boy who sustained a vertebral artery injury after a motor vehicle collision. Computed tomography angiogram showed an 8-mm thrombosed segment of the ...
Kepler Christopher K - - 2009
This case report provides background reviewing mortality rates associated with falls from height before detailing the clinical history of a patient who survived a fall from a height of 43 stories. A multidisciplinary team treated both orthopaedic and nonorthopaedic injuries with the ultimate goal of preserving potential for independent function. ...
Nguyen Minh Hung - - 2009
We report the case of a 6-year-old boy presenting with small bowel evisceration following a fall onto a bicycle handle-bar. His case is presented, a review of the literature performed and interesting photos pre and post-op are presented.
Forrester Joseph D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: There have been no studies to date exploring the nature of injuries and illness experienced by individuals in a National Park in the southeastern United States. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of such illnesses and injuries to visitors in Shenandoah National Park. METHODS: This ...
Calil Ana Maria - - 2009
The objective of this study was to identify the body regions most affected in traffic accident victims and to map the trauma and severity of the lesions. A systematic literature review using key words related to traffic accidents, transportation accidents, wounds and injuries found a total of 248 articles. The ...
Wasfy Ismail A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of ophthalmic medicolegal cases with emphasis on cases of assault, and to acquaint ophthalmologists with rules pertaining to expert testimony and medical reports. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out to review files of 247 medicolegal cases from Upper Egypt seen by the senior author ...
Subramanian Padmanabhan - - 2009
A 14 year old boy with a history and clinical examination suggestive of a medial meniscal tear is presented. The MRI findings suggested a horizontal cleavage tear so arthroscopy was carried out. No intra articular pathology was found at the time of surgery. The role of MRI in investigation of ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2009
Throat pain is a common presenting complaint in the pediatric emergency department and often occurs secondary to non-life-threatening conditions. Certain etiologies may initially appear benign, but if not recognized and treated, may result in airway compromise. Patients with blunt trauma to the neck may present with throat pain. This is ...
Chikkappa Maruthesh Gowda - - 2009
A 52-year-old, Caucasian, British man suffered significant injury following simple fall. A man with no significant past medical history, presented to the accident and emergency with right side chest pain and shortness of breath. He reported a simple fall, two days before admission. Chest radiograph showed simple bilateral pneumothorax and ...
Rezende-Neto Joao - - 2009
We present the case of a patient who sustained a penetrating injury to the chest caused by an attenuated energy rubber bullet and review the literature on thoracic injuries caused by plastic and rubber "less-lethal" munitions. The patient of this report underwent a right thoracotomy to extract the projectile as ...
Laberge-Nadeau Claire - - 2009
PROBLEM: Side impacts are a serious automotive injury problem; they represent about 30% of all fatalities for passenger vehicle occupants. This literature review focuses on occupant injuries resulting from real lateral collisions. It emphasizes the interaction between injury patterns and crash factors, taking into account type of injuries and their ...
Sparks Dorothy - - 2009
PURPOSE: The increasing popularity of the Wii video game console has been associated with a number of gameplay related traumas. We sought to investigate if there were any identifiable injury patterns associated with Wii use. METHODS: Utilising a database of self-reported Wii related injuries, the data was categorised by type ...
Terrio Heidi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to report the proportion of soldiers in a Brigade Combat Team (BCT) with at least 1 clinician-confirmed deployment-acquired traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to describe the nature of sequelae associated with such injuries. PARTICIPANTS: Members of an Army unit (n = 3973) that ...
Sheldon Kristi J - - 2009
The hazards associated with breeding livestock were well documented in some of the earliest annals of literature. With the exception of horses, bulls have probably caused more livestock- related deaths and injuries to human beings throughout recorded history than any other domesticated animal. A review of the literature might suggest ...
Ibeanu Okechukwu A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and location of injury to the urinary tract during hysterectomy for benign gynecologic disease. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical study in an academic environment performed at three sites. Diagnostic cystourethroscopy was performed on all patients after hysterectomy for benign disease. RESULTS: Eight hundred thirty-nine ...
Moncure Michael - - 2009
Impalement injuries are a unique form of penetrating trauma and are typically associated with a fall onto the object (Steele, 2006). We present the case of a 45-year-old man who reportedly slipped in his bathtub and fell onto a broomstick. Radiographic examination revealed a slender mass extending from his rectum ...
Abad Syed - - 2009
Historically airguns were powerful weapons. Modern models, though less lethal, are still capable of inflicting serious or life threatening injuries. Current United Kingdom legislation fails to take into the account the capacity for airguns to maim and kill. We believe that airguns should be governed by the same law that ...
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