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Khalatbari Mahmoud Reza - - 2011
Cavernous malformations of the conus medullaris are rare lesions; only 9 cases have been reported in the literature. Most cases are described in adults and only one case has been reported in pediatric age group. In this report, the authors describe a 16-year-old male presenting with acute myelopathy due to ...
Martinón-Torres Nazareth - - 2011
Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT) is a rare disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia and absence or decline in the number of megakaryocytic precursors in the bone marrow. It is caused by mutations in the thrombopoietin receptor gene, c-mpl, involved in the proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes and platelets. The association between CAMT ...
Smit Jeroen M - - 2010
Mallet finger is a common injury. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the different treatment options of mallet injuries and their indications, outcomes, and potential complications. A literature-based study was conducted using the PubMed database comprising world literature from January of 1980 until January of ...
Chen Pei - - 2010
Penetrating cranionasal injuries are relatively rare, usually occur in young children, and can be caused by a variety of unusual objects. The mortality and disability rates are high without appropriate treatment. We report a penetrating cranionasal injury caused by a bicycle spoke. Some fundamental principles in the diagnosis and treatment ...
Singh Iqbal - - 2010
Penile strangulation is rare and usually results following placement of constricting objects to enhance sexual stimulation. It requires urgent treatment as delay may lead to irreversible penile ischemia and gangrene. Various objects causing penile strangulation have been reported. Nonmetallic and thin metallic objects can be removed easily as compared to ...
Diaz Rebecca - - 2010
Atlanto-occipital dislocation is a rare, oftentimes fatal injury sustained from high-impact trauma. It is seen more often in children compared with adults. In the past decade, there are more pediatric survivors presenting to the emergency department for treatment. This case reviews the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of a child who ...
Moberly A C - - 2011
Objective:To report an unusual case of hypopharyngeal perforation in a sword-swallower, with emphasis on management options.Method:Case report and review of the English language literature concerning sword-swallowing injuries to the hypopharynx and oesophagus.Results:A 29-year-old male sword-swallower suffered hypopharyngeal perforation during a performance. The patient received conservative management, with intensive care unit ...
W Milne Leslie - - 2011
The traditional sport of polo has been played for centuries and has been deemed one of the most dangerous sports due to its high speed and the uncertainty of what might happen as directions change and contact occurs between horses and riders as well as with balls and mallets. Despite ...
Gao You-Shui - - 2010
Above-knee amputations are rare injuries that need emergent replantation or primary amputation. Although survival could be achieved in selective cases, postoperative function of the affected limb is usually unsatisfactory and a late amputation has to be performed for poor prognosis or severe complications. Experience of the surgical team may play ...
Hall M S - - 2010
A 19-year-old Thoroughbred gelding presented with sudden onset, non-weight bearing lameness in the right hindlimb. Radiography confirmed distal luxation of the patella, which was replaced into its normal anatomical location under general anaesthesia. There were no pathological sequelae noted on follow-up examination 9 months after the initial injury. To our ...
Patel Sutchin R - - 2010
To evaluate cases of gallbladder injury, a rare and potentially serious complication, in the setting of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. We report two cases of gallbladder injury after percutaneous nephrolithotomy and review the literature on this rare complication. Both cases of gallbladder injury at our institution along with the four other case ...
Wisler James W - - 2010
The authors report two cases of patients presenting with chemical frostbite-like injuries to the hands and wrists after contact exposure to Freon liquid. Although the history and initial physical presentations were quite similar, the severity of these injuries varied widely from superficial bullae to deep tissue injuries, requiring skin grafting ...
Ehsani Johnathon P - - 2010
This article is a subject review summarizing and interpreting the existing knowledge on the question "Can a simple short fall cause fatal head injury in an infant?" It also reflects on the challenges of undertaking a review in the contentious area of pediatric forensic pathology. The authors identified and considered ...
DiGuiseppi Carolyn - - 2010
Subject matter experts systematically reviewed evidence on the effectiveness of housing interventions that affect safety and injury outcomes, such as falls, fire-related injuries, burns, drowning, carbon monoxide poisoning, heat-related deaths, and noise-related harm, associated with structural housing deficiencies. Structural deficiencies were defined as those deficiencies for which a builder, landlord, ...
Hendrickson Robert G - - 2010
After acute ingestion, acetaminophen (APAP) is generally absorbed within 4 h and the APAP concentration ([APAP]) slowly decreases with a predictable half-life. Alterations in these pharmacokinetic principles have been rarely reported. We report here three cases of an unusual double hump, or Bactrian, pattern of [APAP]. We review the literature ...
Guerrero Arthur F - - 2010
Recent civilian data obtained in those sustaining head injuries, has found a high prevalence of pituitary dysfunction. Currently, there is no data available in the military population. We reviewed the literature for traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related hypopituitarism and found that the prevalence of anterior hypopituitarism may be as high as ...
Juffermans Nicole P - - 2010
Recent insights from models of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), and from clinical reports, reveal that host factors are important in TRALI pathogenesis. Predisposing factors with lung neutrophil-priming capacity, such as sepsis and mechanical ventilation, increase susceptibility for a TRALI reaction, and can aggravate the course of disease. These findings ...
Perkes Iain I Westmead Hospital, - - 2010
Severe excessive autonomic overactivity occurs in a subgroup of people surviving acquired brain injury, the majority of whom show paroxysmal sympathetic and motor overactivity. Delayed recognition of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) after brain injury may increase morbidity and long-term disability. Despite its significant clinical impact, the scientific literature on this ...
Alafaci Concetta - - 2010
Traumatic intracranial penetration of foreign objects of non-missile intracranial nature rarely occurs. Haemorrhages, major vascular injury and contusions can be causes of death in early stage, epileptic seizures and infections are possible complications in later stages. Complete excision of the foreign body should be performed. Possible dural and vascular injuries ...
Ralli Giovanni - - 2010
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common form of dizziness. The causes of BPPV are not yet known but a relationship between the onset of vertigo and head trauma has been found. Among the causes of head injury related to BPPV, dropping off a camel has not been reported ...
Nwiloh Jonathan - - 2010
Arrow injury to the heart is a common cause of penetrating trauma in rural areas of underdeveloped nations. We report such a patient who survived 3 days after such an injury and traveled 1000 km with a pulsating arrow in the chest for treatment. The literature on such injuries is ...
Saha Abhijeet - - 2010
Indigenously made rocking cradle is frequently used in rural India. We report strangulation from an indigenously made rocking cradle in an 11-month-old female child. The unique mode of injury and its mechanism have been discussed. Strangulation is an important cause of homicidal and suicidal injury in adults but in children ...
Paramhans Dharmdas - - 2010
A case of impacted metallic arrowhead in the brain through an unusual route of the neck and behind the external carotid artery to the base of the skull up to the brainstem is reported. Review of the literature reveals no previous reports of this type of injury. A 35-year-old man ...
Briggs R H - - 2010
To assess the accuracy of provisional reporting and the impact on patient management. Over a 6 month period, 137 polytrauma computed tomography (CT) examinations were performed by on-call registrar radiologists at our institution. After exclusions, 130 cases were analysed. Discrepancies between registrar and consultant reports were reviewed and classified as ...
Sircar T - - 2010
Injury to the milk-duct following a road traffic accident has not been reported in the literature. This case report describes a 25-year-old postpartum lady with massive swelling of the breast due to milk-duct injury and collection of milk within the breast. We describe the possible mechanism of milk-duct injury, its ...
Hardcastle Timothy C - - 2010
This case report details the management of a posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm in the right lobe of the liver in an 8-year-old child with the use of angioembolization. Because this was considered to be an uncommon injury in this age group, a pseudoaneurysm-specific literature review was performed, which is discussed in the ...
Bussewitz Bradly - - 2010
A review of the literature yields few reported cases of industrial-strength high-pressure water injection injuries involving the foot, and sources of information for industrial-strength high-pressure water injection injuries reside primarily in the hand surgical literature. Toxic materials, such as grease, paint, and diesel oil, are relatively common agents involved in ...
Dorevitch Samuel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To characterize needlestick injuries (NSIs) among airport workers, and to suggest preventive strategies. METHODS: A retrospective chart review (2003-2008) of workers evaluated at a clinic in a large US airport that provides occupational health services. RESULTS: Over a period of 6 years, 14 NSI cases were seen. The majority ...
Desai Atman - - 2010
The authors describe the case of a 13-year-old boy who exhibited progressive disabling motor restlessness, torticollis, urinary symptoms, and confusion following a fall from a bicycle. The differential diagnosis of this striking symptom complex in this clinical context can be problematic. In this case, the symptoms ultimately appeared most consistent ...
Rahman Waheeda - - 2010
Nonaccidental head injuries may present in several ways, requiring prompt recognition and management because of the risk of death or permanent neurologic and visual impairment. Dense amblyopia and high anisometropic myopia induced by prolonged occlusion of the macula by hemorrhage is a concern in these infants, although the prognosis also ...
Bond Jason - - 2010
While the validity of self-reported consumption based on blood alcohol concentration (BAC) has been found to be high in emergency room (ER) samples, little research exists on the estimated number of drinks consumed given a BAC level. Such data would be useful in establishing a dose-response relationship between drinking and ...
Juern Jeremy - - 2010
Suction evisceration from a pool drain is a rare injury. This child presented with what appeared to be isolated perineal trauma. Ultimately, the patient was found to have complete transanal small bowel evisceration. Reported herein are the specifics of this case, along with a review of the relevant literature relating ...
Desai Alana C - - 2010
We describe a case of a splenic injury caused by a transsplenic percutaneous nephrostomy tract. The case was completed without incident and the nephrostomy tube was noted to traverse the spleen on routine postoperative imaging. This rare complication was managed by deposition of Gelfoam((R)) pledgets along the transsplenic nephrostomy tract ...
Mabry Robert L - - 2010
Airway compromise is the third leading cause of potentially preventable death on the battlefield. An understanding of the injuries associated with fatal airway compromise is necessary to develop improvements in equipment, training, and prehospital management strategies in order to maximize survival. To determine injury patters resulting in airway compromise in ...
Vaidya Sandeep S - - 2010
Dissection of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is rare, with only a few published reports in the literature. It is usually associated with blunt abdominal injury or iatrogenic injury from a catheter manipulation. Venous dissections are rare due to lack of well-developed layers in the walls (intima, media and adventitia), ...
Zichello Christine - - 2010
A well-defined incident review committee may prevent losses, identify areas for corrective action, and promote overall safety in an organization. A multidisciplinary committee will involve employees in the safety process and heighten safety awareness. Reviewing injuries, incidents, occupational illnesses, and workers' compensation claims assists in root cause analysis and enables ...
Waseem Muhammad - - 2010
Life-threatening complications due to apparently minor penetrating neck injuries can occur. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy, who had what initially appeared to be a superficial stab wound to his neck. After further evaluation, he was found to have major injuries to his larynx and esophagus. This case ...
Mancini Stefano - - 2010
Despite its rarity, infliximab-related hepatitis constitutes a cutting edge and challenging problem. In December 2004, a drug warning was issued by the Food and Drug Administration to alert healthcare professionals to the risk of hepatotoxicity in course of infliximab therapy. Subsequently, several reports of probable infliximab hepatitis have been published ...
Boatright Su L - - 2010
Compression is the most common cause of damage to the fibular head, the site of most peroneal nerve injuries which cause foot drop. Compression injuries can be caused by prolonged immobility and habitual leg-crossing. A review of the literature does not reveal the existence of a nationwide study that investigates ...
Kavanagh Dara Oliver - - 2010
Impairments of speech and language are important consequences of head injury as they compromise interaction between the patient and others. A large spectrum of communication deficits can occur. There are few reports in the literature of aphasia following closed head injury despite the common presentation of closed head injury. Herein ...
Singh Abhayjit - - 2010
A metaplastic change where normal squamous mucosa of the esophagus is replaced by columnar mucosa is considered an adaptive process to withstand the chronic gastroesophageal reflux injury. However, this phenotypic switch in the esophageal mucosa is associated with an increased propensity to undergo neoplastic transformation. In this chapter, we review ...
Singh Deepak - - 2010
Penetrating injuries other than gunshot wounds or low-velocity wounds to the head are extremely rare. We report the case of a 19 year old male who sustained a penetrating craniocerebral trauma following a road traffic accident. Noncontrast CT scan revealed three foreign bodies embedded in left frontal lobe, which on ...
Sever Celalettin - - 2010
Objective: The aim of this study was to present a case report of a patient with hand frostbite injury sustained by helium vapor and discuss the circumstances of this injury, treatment, and preventive measures. Methods: A case report of the incident was drafted and the relevant literatures were reviewed. The ...
Somi Mohammad Hossein - - 2010
Obstructive jaundice is infrequently caused by a foreign body. We report a 42-year-old man who presented with obstructive jaundice by an impacted shrapnel splinter in the common bile duct (CBD) 23 years after a combat injury. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of this type in Iranian ...
Paiva Wellingson Silva - - 2010
Penetrating injury of the skull and brain are relatively uncommon events, representing about 0.4% of all head injuries. Transorbital penetrating brain injury is an unusual occurrence in emergency practice and presents with controversial management. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who fell forward on a bamboo stick while ...
Farooq Umar - - 2010
The aim of study was to assess differences in reporting of violence and deliberate self harm (DSH) related injuries to police and emergency department (ED) in an urban town of Pakistan. Study setting was Rawalpindi city of 1.6 million inhabitants. Incidences of violence and DSH related injuries and deaths were ...
Dahl William J - - 2010
Sea urchin injuries to the hand are uncommon. A variety of home remedies can be found on the internet and other sources for dealing with this problem in the acute setting. Many long term complications such as granulomas, arthritis, and tenosynovitis can result from a neglected sea urchin injury. We ...
Jentink Janneke - - 2010
To identify specific major congenital malformations associated with use of carbamazepine in the first trimester of pregnancy. A review of all published cohort studies to identify key indications and a population based case-control study to test these indications. Review of PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase for papers about carbamazepine ...
Pothula Aravind - - 2010
Colonoscopy is a common procedure with the rare complication of a splenic injury. The proposed mechanism of injury is excessive splenocolic ligament traction. The diagnosis is made by computed tomography and the treatment is determined by the patient's stability. Here we report a case of splenic injury during colonoscopy with ...
Clark Justin James - - 2012
Background: Needlefish injuries to humans are extremely rare. An extensive review of the medical literature reveals only 22 cases previously reported. Most injuries reported have occurred in the Indo-Pacific region, but there are scattered reports worldwide. Objective: To report two cases of life-threatening penetrating abdominal injuries from needlefish impalement. Case ...
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