Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1389
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Wall Matthew J MJ - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Blunt injury of the pericardium with strangulation of the heart is a rare clinical injury. METHODS: We conducted a review of clinical records and performed prospective collection of forensic data from a large urban medical examiner's office. RESULTS: Ten cases of blunt injury to the pericardium were identified. All ...
Tran De Q H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes the successful use of early stellate ganglion block to salvage an acutely ischemic hand caused by the extravasation of vasopressors. CASE REPORT: A young man with a gunshot wound to the right inguinal area was brought to the operating room for surgical hemostasis and exploration. ...
Mohanty Sachidananda - - 2005
Homicide represents one of the leading causes of death, and the head is the target in the majority of cases. The objective of the present study was to analyze the pattern of head injury among homicidal death victims. Information was obtained by interviewing the accompanying persons, post-mortem examination and perusal ...
Romero Martin - - 2005
Oral and peri-oral structures can be traumatized by self-injurious behavior (SIB). Various articles have described prostheses used to prevent SIB-related injuries to the oral tissues of patients who have developmental or medical problems, such as psychological problems, congenital syndromes or mental retardation; however, reports of oral SIB in individuals unaffected ...
Kenney Kristin S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although air bags are placed in automobiles to act as safety devices, they have been shown to carry a risk of injury themselves. Ocular injury, in particular, can often be a direct consequence of air bag deployment. A case of ocular air bag injury is presented. A discussion and ...
Hagel Brent - - 2005
The objective of this investigation was to determine the effect of wrist guard use on all upper-extremity injuries in snowboarders. This matched case-control study was conducted at 19 ski areas in Quebec, Canada. Cases were 1,066 injured snowboarders who reported upper-extremity injuries to the ski patrol during the 2001-2002 season. ...
Hansen Jennifer K - - 2006
Vocal fold scarring is the greatest cause of poor voice after vocal fold injury. Scarring causes a disruption of the viscoelastic layered structure of the lamina propria, an increase in stiffness of the vibratory structure, and glottic incompetence. Current treatments for this complex condition are inconsistent and often produce suboptimal ...
Karabatsou Konstantina - - 2005
A 32-year-old Caucasian male with a history of repeated self-injury drilled a hole in his skull using a power tool and subsequently introduced intracerebrally a binding wire from a sketch pad. An emergency craniotomy was performed around the site of cranial injury, and the foreign body was carefully extracted. The ...
Jones Alwyn - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A case of L4 spinous process avulsion following a hyperflexion injury treated with surgical excision. OBJECTIVE: To show that single photon emission computerized tomography is essential for the diagnosis and that excision can provide a successful outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The avulsion resulted from a forced hyperflexion ...
Reichard R R - - 2005
The neuropathologist involved in forensic work is not uncommonly confronted with a case in which there is no or only a limited history or, if available, the information is uncertain or is often conflicting. In recent years the immunohistochemical stain beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) has been used to assess the ...
Merican A M - - 2005
Near total amputation of the upper limb if unsalvageable would cause severe disability. However, delayed revascularisation can be life threatening. We report two cases of revascularisation of the upper limb following near total amputation that was successful and functional after a warm ischaemic time of ten hours. The first was ...
Heater Douglas Winston - - 2005
Although uncommon and rarely reported, pharyngoesophageal perforation has medical and legal consequences of substantial proportion. Perforation of the upper aerodigestive system may result in severe airway complications that include pneumothorax, pneumonia, mediastinitis, and retropharyngeal abscess. Despite the relative rare occurrence of esophageal perforation during intubation, this type of injury is ...
Sumpter Ruth E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic brain injury is unclear. One issue involves the validity of diagnosis using self-report questionnaires. AIMS: To compare PTSD'caseness' arising from questionnaire self-report and structured interview. METHOD: Participants (n=34) with traumatic brain injury were recruited. Screening measures and self-report questionnaires were ...
Schoderbek Robert J - - 2005
Traumatic hemipelvectomy is a rare but devastating injury involving complete disruption of the hemipelvis from the pubic symphysis to the sacroiliac joints and often results in death. We present an interesting case of traumatic hemipelvectomy caused by a previously undescribed mechanism of injury in which judicious angiography and aggressive surgical ...
Janousek Petr - - 2005
Over the past few years, the ENT clinic in Motol has noticed an alarming increase in the number of cases of severe upper GIT injury in children, in the majority of cases caused by accidental ingestion of corrosives. Suicidal and homicidal cases in the paediatric population are rare. The following ...
Ebrahim Irshaad Osman IO The London Sleep Centre, Harley Street, London, United Kingdom. - - 2005
Hypersomnia following head injury is quite common, but the diagnosis of posttraumatic narcolepsy has tended to court controversy to the extent that the existence of this disorder has been questioned. The recent discovery of the hypocretins (orexins) and the subsequent confirmation that their deficiency causes narcolepsy have shed light on ...
Reijnders Udo J L - - 2005
This study explores the ability of Dutch general practitioners (GPs) in recognising types of injury. In the three sample cases, 48-91% classified the injury correctly. Only 9% of GPs recognised self-harm injury and in the 3rd case (child abuse) only 15% referred to the improbability of the account given. Only ...
Hoskins Wayne T - - 2005
Hamstring injuries are the most prevalent injury in Australian Rules football. There is a lack of evidence based literature on the treatment, prevention and management of hamstring injuries, although it is agreed that the etiology is complicated and multi-factorial. We present two cases of hamstring injury that had full resolution ...
McCann Philip A - - 2005
Penile injuries are relatively uncommon. The crush injury mediated by entrapment of the skin between the teeth and fastener of a zipper mechanism has been described. It is seen more commonly in uncircumcised children than adults. A number of treatment methods have been mentioned in the literature. An adult case ...
Herr Harry W - - 2005
PURPOSE: We compiled all cases of urethral injury received in battle during the Civil War to detail their management and determine the outcome of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgeon medical reports of individual cases of urethral injury listed in the Medical and Surgical History of the Civil War, and pension ...
Jacob Jeffrey T - - 2005
The authors present the unusual case of a 9-year-old girl who sustained injury to her brainstem as a result of the orbital penetration of a metal projectile (nail) into the juxtamedullary region. This case and others reported in the literature associate this type of injury with relatively minor complications. Thorough ...
Bhadani Umesh Kumar - - 2005
Low voltage energy source is not free from danger. An exceptionally rare and peculiar mode of facial blast injury is reported. The blast took place silently in the mouth of a 15-year-old boy, due to short-circuiting of wires connected to a12-volt car battery while peeling off insulation with the intent ...
Leone H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature pertaining to amantadine as therapy for improving cognition and reducing agitation following a non-penetrating traumatic brain injury (TBI). DATA SOURCES: Clinical literature was accessed through MEDLINE (from 1966 to February 2004) and bibliographic searches. Key search terms included 'amantadine', 'traumatic brain injury', 'cognition', and ...
Ng Weng - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the presentation and treatment of a Taser penetrating ocular injury. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A 50-year-old man with a Taser injury 1.5 cm below the right lower eyelid margin was admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary hospital. The case report describes the ophthalmic assessment, investigation, ...
Huitink Gary - - 2005
Despite the shortcomings of a newspaper injury surveillance system to capture agricultural injury data, there is merit to reviewing the types of injuries occurring on Arkansas farms. Over an 11-year period, 482 cases of injuries were identified by a newspaper clipping service and entered into a database. These cases exclude ...
Sankar B - - 2005
Removal of toe nail is a minor procedure that can be under ring block with no significant complications. We report the case of a young lady who developed a rapidly growing subungual exostosis on her right great toe following nail removal. Inadvertent iatrogenic injury to the nail bed and underlying ...
Nanni M - - 2005
We describe a case of chronic Salter-Harris I injury of the proximal tibial epiphysis. To our knowledge such an injury has not been described in the English language literature. The radiological appearance can mimic chronic infection. The possibility of chronic athletic stress-related change should be considered in such scenarios to ...
Kravitz Alan B - - 2005
A case of an isolated, traumatic, osteochondral injury to the articular surface of the first metatarsal head, which was successfully treated with an autogenous transplant of an osteochondral plug from the ipsilateral knee, is reported. After a 2-year follow-up, the patient reported no persistent symptoms, full resumption of preinjury activities, ...
Blumenthal Ryan - - 2005
A review of the Southern Africa medical literature shows a paucity of published data regarding lightning fatalities. The South African Highveld has a lightning ground flash density of 6 to 9 flashes/km/year, with a high incidence of thunderstorm days per year (some 40-70). The Highveld has a largely urban population, ...
Wadsworth David J S - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Athletic Lisfranc injuries are characterized by disruption of the soft tissues about the tarsometatarsal joint complex. They are frequently missed on initial consultation due to a paucity of demonstrable physical signs, yet often result in significant disability. This case illustrates the 2 great challenges in ...
Preuss Richard - - 2005
This paper provides a review of the current literature supporting the hypothesis that segmental spine buckling resulting in tissue damage may be a primary cause of sudden onset low back pain, even during activities that are sub-maximal with respect to loading and muscle activation. While a temporal link exists, it ...
Daniels Stacie R - - 2005
Cerebellar mutism is an uncommon complication of posterior fossa surgery. Manifestations include disturbances of articulation, prosody, and pitch, and, if severe, complete mutism. Symptoms are independent of recognizable cortical or brainstem injury, and recovery is variable, with permanent deficits frequently observed. Cerebellar dysfunction is commonly invoked as an etiology, although ...
Wu K - - 2005
Pharyngeal injuries caused by trauma are common and have been reported previously in the medical literature. In some cases of a penetrating injury there is a collection of air in the retropharyngeal space that can be shown on lateral soft tissue radiography of the neck. If this condition is not ...
Bahebeck Jean - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review firearm injuries in five hospitals of Douala and Yaounde, both towns of Cameroon, a Sub-Saharan African country where ownership of firearm is forbidden. METHODS: This was a retrospective investigation carried out within the period January 1998 to December 2002. Records of the mortuaries, the emergency departments, the ...
Sathornsumetee Sith - - 2006
Brachial plexopathy can result from traction injury, radiation injury, local or metastatic cancer, hereditary, or idiopathic causes. However, brachial plexopathy resulting from malposition of an arm during sleep, similar to Saturday night palsy, has not been reported. We report a case of brachial plexus neuropathy that occurred after the patient ...
Reithmeier Thomas - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Head injury is the leading cause of accidental death in children. Recent reports have shown the benefit of decompressive craniectomy in children and the role of early timing has been emphasized. However, there is still a lack of data to determine the optimal time for performing craniectomy. CASE REPORT: ...
Hagel Brent E - - 2005
To determine the effect of helmets on the risk of head and neck injuries in skiers and snowboarders. Matched case-control and case crossover study. 19 ski areas in Quebec, Canada, November 2001 to April 2002. 1082 skiers and snowboarders (cases) with head and neck injuries reported by the ski patrol ...
PaydaƟ Saime - - 2005
Renal involvement may occur in cases with malignant disorders. Glomerular injury may be the first sign of these diseases and may predict the overall survival. In some cases, glomerular injury may be associated with tumor antigens, and in some others, viruses cause renal injury together with underlying malignant disease. Here ...
Hagel Brent - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of helmet use on non-head-neck injury severity and crash circumstances in skiers and snowboarders. We used a matched case-control study over the November 2001 to April 2002 winter season. 3295 of 4667 injured skiers and snowboarders reporting to the ski ...
Kuz Julian E - - 2005
Traumatic axial dislocation of the carpus in a 20-year-old man is described. This injury was accompanied by a crushing injury to the hand. The disruption pattern was different from those of previously reported cases. Despite the restoration of painless wrist motion postoperatively, grip strength remained below normal. Early accurate reduction, ...
McHardy Andrew - - 2005
To review the epidemiological literature on low back pain in golfers and to review the golf swing and relate the literature on the mechanics of the swing to the lower back. A computer search was conducted of Index Medicus (1966 to 2004), MANTIS (1880 to present) and CINAHL (1982 to ...
Benvenga Salvatore - - 2005
In the year 2000, the latest review on post-head trauma hypopituitarism (PHTH) collected 367 cases of isolated or multiple deficiency of anterior pituitary hormones subsequent to traumatic brain injury. The first patient had been published in 1918 and the latest 15 were my personal observations reported in the said review. ...
Ganveer Gunjan B - - 2005
What is the pattern of injuries among non-fatal cases of road traffic accidents? To study the pattern of injuries among non-fatal cases of road traffic accidents. Cross-sectional study. Nagpur, a city in central India. 423 non-fatal cases of road traffic accidents reporting for treatment to Indira Gandhi Medical College, Nagpur ...
Matheny Michael E - - 2005
To evaluate the discriminatory power of TraumaSCAN-Web, a system for assessing penetrating trauma, using retrospective multi-center case data for gunshot and stab wounds to the thorax and abdomen. 80 gunshot and 114 stab cases were evaluated using TraumaSCAN-Web. Areas under the Receiver Operator Characteristic Curves (AUC) were calculated for each ...
Padmanaban Jeya J JP Research Inc., Mountain View, CA, - - 2005
National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) crash statistics were examined to understand injury patterns of belted occupants in rollover crashes and determine accuracy / completeness of selected NASS-coded variables. A comprehensive statistical study, followed by detailed engineering reviews of 278 NASS cases, is in progress. The primary objective is to understand ...
Geddes J F - - 2004
There is scant neuropathological information in the child abuse literature; even the best reviews include assumptions based on the findings of a few inadequate early studies. Our recent series of 53 fatal cases (Brain 124 (2001) 1290, 1299 [1,2]) demonstrated age-related patterns of brain injury and showed the substrate of ...
Andersen T E - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe, using video analysis, the mechanisms of head injuries and of incidents with a high risk of head injury in elite football. METHODS: Videotapes and injury information were collected prospectively for 313 of the 409 matches played in the Norwegian (2000 season) ...
Bhootra B L - - 2004
Missile head injury is predominantly caused by firearms; however, small blunt objects such as a stone can be propelled into the air and cause a low-velocity-type missile injury, as described in this case report. Since the cerebral damage in low-velocity missile injuries is usually focal, there might not be disturbance ...
Huda M F - - 2004
AIMS: The authors analyze epidemiology, location, clinical profile and outcome of double extradural hematoma (EDH) or EDH at more than one site. DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 46 cases of double EDH were studied. All the cases were evaluated for their mode of injury, clinical presentation, level ...
Rajan G P - - 2004
The case is presented of a professional half pipe snowboarder with a large post-traumatic subdural haematoma, which allowed close to normal functioning and socialisation. It is an example of a potentially life threatening sports injury in an increasingly commercialised and popular winter sport. It highlights that a knowledge of injury ...
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