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Burton M Caroline MC Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, - - 2014
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP), more formally known as factitious disorder imposed on another, is a form of abuse in which a caregiver deliberately produces or feigns illness in a person under his or her care so that the proxy will receive medical care that gratifies the caregiver. Although well ...
Wang Hsiu-Yin HY Department of Pharmacy, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, - - 2014
A blood culture-guided review strategy was applied to a hospital-wide computerised antimicrobial approval system (HCAAS) at a medical centre in Taiwan. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of this deployment on prescribers' behaviours, antimicrobial consumption, antimicrobial expenditure and healthcare quality in adult intensive care units (ICUs). The HCAAS automatically ...
Dean Erin - - 2014
UK HEALTHCARE staff who have been helping people caught up in the conflict in Gaza have described the conditions they found there.
Murad Mohammad Hassan MH Division of Preventive Medicine and Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, - - 2014
Clinical decisions should be based on the totality of the best evidence and not the results of individual studies. When clinicians apply the results of a systematic review or meta-analysis to patient care, they should start by evaluating the credibility of the methods of the systematic review, ie, the extent ...
Sargeant J M JM Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2014
This article is the first in a series of six articles related to systematic reviews in animal agriculture and veterinary medicine. In this article, we overview the methodology of systematic reviews and provide a discussion of their use. Systematic reviews differ qualitatively from traditional reviews by explicitly defining a specific ...
Qazi Atika A Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Existing opinion mining studies have focused on and explored only two types of reviews, that is, regular and comparative. There is a visible gap in determining the useful review types from customers and designers perspective. Based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and statistical measures we examine users' perception about different ...
Won Sekon - - 2013
Methamphetamine and related compounds are now the second most commonly used illicit substance worldwide, after cannabis. Reports of methamphetamine-associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) are increasing, but MAC has not been well reviewed. This analysis of MAC will provide an overview of the pharmacology of methamphetamine, historical perspective and epidemiology, a review of ...
Papanti Duccio - - 2013
The use of synthetic cannabimimetics (SC; "spice" drugs) is increasing, especially among teenagers and young adults. In parallel with this, the number of studies describing intoxication episodes associated with psychotic symptoms in SC users is growing. We present both a systematic review of the related literature and a case report, ...
Becour Bertrand - - 2013
Low-lethality weapons are intended to neutralize a person with maximum security and with minimal risk of injury or death to the user of the weapon, the person arrested, and the witnesses. Under the same circumstances, the use of a firearm is causing mortality of 50%. Marketed since 1974, the Taser ...
Wu C Q CQ Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Previous studies have provided conflicting results regarding the effect of drospirenone-containing oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) on the risk of venous and arterial thrombosis. To conduct a systematic review to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke in individuals taking drospirenone-containing OCPs. We systematically searched CINAHL, ...
Barrow Paul C - - 2013
The regulatory toxicology report is an unusual document that requires a particular skill to write. The report must be clear, accurate, concise, and focused. A clear and direct writing style is required. The end-users of the report will hope to find the information they seek with as little effort as ...
Badea-Romero Alexandro - - 2012
The potential effectiveness of vehicle-based secondary safety systems for the protection of pedestrians and pedal cyclists is related to the proportion of cases where injury arises by contact with the road or ground rather than with the striking vehicle. A detailed case review of 205 accidents from the UK On-the-Spot ...
Santoro S - - 2011
Background  Three aromatase inhibitors, namely anastrozole, letrozole and exemestane, which reduce circulating oestrogen, are used to treat breast cancer patients; the therapeutic use of such aromatase inhibitors is quickly increasing. Objective  We intended (i) to review aromatase inhibitor-induced cutaneous adverse effects and (ii) to describe a recently observed case of ...
Lowe C F - - 2011
Between 1998 and 2007, records from 33 patients with cutaneous diphtheria from Vancouver's inner city were reviewed. Cases were associated with injection drug use and poverty. Coinfections with Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum occurred. Corynebacterium diphtheriae is endemic in Vancouver's urban core, with strains of multilocus sequence type ...
Dalle Vedove Camilla - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease with cutaneous lesions present in about one fourth of patients. Cutaneous lesions may be specific or nonspecific based on the presence or the absence of sarcoidal granulomas. Subcutaneos sarcoidosis is the less frequent of the specific cutaneous lesions of sarcoidosis. We report here 2 new ...
Glasser Jessie S - - 2011
AmBisome (liposomal amphotericin B) is used for prophylaxis and treatment of fungal infections, treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, and more recently, treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Although the package insert cites neurologic toxicities in up to 20% of cases, review of the literature did not reveal any specific cases describing this side ...
Lin Benjamin - - 2011
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Marshall Vl - - 2011
A 6-week-old Warmblood colt foal was presented for investigation of multiple haematoma formation in various locations, poor wound healing and abnormal scar formation. Based on the history and clinical presentation of hyperextensible skin with prolonged skin tenting, the foal was diagnosed with cutaneous asthenia and euthanased because of the poor ...
López Verónica - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease that affects multiple organs in adults between 20 and 50 years old. Interferon alpha (IFN-α) is an immunomodulator that has been used in a wide range of diseases, including hepatitis C virus infection, multiple sclerosis, and other types of neoplasias, including leukemia, lymphoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, ...
Hyun Shin Young - - 2011
Cutaneous metastases from internal malignancies are uncommon. Furthermore, cutaneous metastases from cholangiocarcinoma are extremely rare. Here we report a case of two patients with distant cutaneous metastases of cholangiocarcinoma: 1) a 66-year-old man who presented with a solitary, erythematous nodule on the scalp and 2) a 44-year-old man who presented ...
Pena Tahuanty A - - 2011
Chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis (CCPA) has been associated with advanced lung diseases. Pulmonary sarcoidosis, a granulomatous inflammatory disorder, is associated with CCPA. We identified CCPA in 2% of cases in a large cohort of sarcoidosis patients. We found a lack of response to medical treatment and poor outcome in this ...
Rennie C E - - 2011
Objective:We report an extremely rare case of laryngeal lichen planus.Method:A case report and literature review of the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and management of laryngeal lichen planus are presented.Results:A male patient presented with hoarseness and a history suggestive of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. However, characteristic histopathological findings demonstrated lichen ...
Alexandrescu Doru T - - 2011
Whereas the association between multisystem and pulmonary sarcoidosis and malignancy has been documented, a relationship between cutaneous sarcoidosis and neoplasia has not yet been reported. Because cutaneous manifestations are seen in 20-25 percent of cases of sarcoidosis, this association deserves further investigation. We reviewed the relevant literature, in addition to ...
Romero Ricardo - - 2011
Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumours (pPNETs) are a group of soft-tissue tumours of neuroepithelial origin that arise outside the central and sympathetic nervous system. Orbital location is infrequent, and to the best of the authors' knowledge only 16 cases have been reported in the literature. With this article, the authors report ...
Celik Gokhan - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of an unknown etiology. Subcutaneous sarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis, and plantar involvement is extremely rare and there is only one such case report in the medical literature. Herein we present an interesting case of a patient who was diagnosed as having ...
Piek Jürgen - - 2010
Schwannomas and ependymomas are the most frequent tumours of the filum terminale. Giant schwannomas, however, are very rare in this location with less than 30 cases reported in the literature, most of them presenting with preoperative neurological deficits. We present the case of a giant schwannoma in a 75-year-old lady ...
Ruparelia Meera Satish - - 2011
Desmoid tumours are benign fibrous neoplasms originating from musculoaponeurotic structures throughout the body. These tumours are rare in the mandible and the literature is limited to case reports and retrospective reviews and to date there is no agreed protocol for the management of these lesions in the paediatric mandible. The ...
Hasni Sarfaraz A - - 2010
Report of 2 cases of sarcoidosis involving vertebrae successfully treated with tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNF-α antagonist). To disseminate knowledge concerning successful treatment of sarcoidosis involving the axial skeleton with the use of TNF-α blockers. Osseous sarcoidosis most commonly involves small bones of hands and feet; vertebral involvement is rare, ...
Elliott Jason E - - 2010
Testicular epithelial mucinous tumours are an extremely rare, but interesting form of testicular neoplasm. We reviewed the medical literature using PubMed search terms: testis, mucinous cystadenoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, neoplasms and testicular neoplasms. We describe a case from our institution and provide a review of the literature. Only 11 previously reported ...
Mendez-Probst Carlos Enrique - - 2010
Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas are relatively rare soft tissue malignant tumours, most commonly located in the extremities. Their occurrence in the genitourinary tract is extremely rare. We present a clinical case report of an extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma originating in the scrotum.
Aftab Syed - - 2010
Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare soft tissue tumour of uncertain histogenesis and unpredictable biological behaviour, which was first described in the pleura and subsequently in many extra-pleural locations. Fat-forming SFT is a sub-type of SFT and only a handful of cases have been reported in the literature. We ...
François Patrick - - 2010
We present three cases of meningiomas developing at the site of an old head trauma. We then review the literature regarding the controversies on the development of post-traumatic brain tumors and, finally, we emphasize the medico-legal characteristics of post-traumatic meningiomas, particularly with respect to their cell type which is frequently ...
Sun N X - - 2010
Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare softtissue tumour, typically occurring in the female pelvis and carrying a high risk of local infiltration and relapse. Surgery remains the first line of treatment, however some adjuvant treatments, such as gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, have been used for primary treatment and for treatment against ...
Singh Roop - - 2010
Extraskeletal osteochondroma of the foot are rare benign cartilaginous tumours. We present a case of soft-tissue osteochondroma in the heel pad superficial to the postero-inferior aspect of the calcaneus. We propose the pathogenesis of this lesion might be related to metaplasia in the plantar aponeurosis as described in literature, or ...
Arogundade R A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Brain tumours and head trauma are two pathological entities that may involve the central nervous system to produce similar clinical neurologic signs and symptoms. There has been a long-term debate in the literature on association between these two clinical conditions following observations over time of development of intracranial tumours ...
Verma Raman - - 2011
Primary intra-cranial germ-cell tumours (GCT) are rare and it is important to differentiate them histologically as their prognosis and treatment is quite different. Moreover, highly malignant non-germinomatous GCT (NG GCT) comprise a small portion of these tumours with limited data available on appropriate treatment approaches. We present the case of ...
González-Pérez L M - - 2010
Giant cell angiofibroma was first described as a distinctive orbital soft-tissue tumour in male adults; it is now recognized that this mesenchymal tumour can present in other anatomical regions. In this article, a case of giant cell angiofibroma of parapharyngeal space in a 25-year-old woman is described. Clinicopathologic features of ...
Alzarae Ali Hassan - - 2010
Extracranial meningiomas are rare tumors that usually represent extensions from intracranial lesions. Here, we report a case of primary meningioma of the nasal septum. A 60-year-old man presented with nasal obstruction and postnasal drip. On examination he had a mass in the nasal cavity. Computed tomography studies revealed absence of ...
Acevedo-Henao C-M - - 2010
Inverted papilloma (IP) is a rare nasosinusal benign tumour, with epithelium surface inversion to inside the stroma. Extension to intracranial temporal fossa and middle ear has been reported in few cases in the literature. This involvement may be derived from either direct extension from sinonasal cavity via the Eustachian tube ...
Gong Z-C - - 2010
The authors describe a 34-year-old man who presented with an unapparent swelling on the right preauricular zygomatic region, with progressive limitation of mouth opening and slight temporomandibular joint pain. Based on fine-needle aspiration cytology and radiological investigations, the patient was diagnosed preoperatively as having a possible tenosynovial giant cell tumour ...
Lee H-H - - 2010
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) results in multiple central nervous system tumours. In this case report, the patient has one vestibular schwannoma, one trigeminal schwannoma and two meningiomas developed before the age of 30. Aiming to treat three targets at one fraction with minimal interaction and overlapping doses to normal tissue, the ...
Ord R A - - 2010
This study is a retrospective review of the records of all cases treated in the authors' department since 1991 to identify patients with condylar masses diagnosed as osteochondromas. In 2186 cases of benign and malignant cysts/tumours of the maxillofacial region (1560 malignant and 626 benign), 8 osteochondromas of the mandibular ...
Butt Fawzia M A - - 2010
Xeroderma pigmentosa (XP) is a condition inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and is characterized by photosensitivity, pigmentary changes, premature skin ageing and malignant tumour development resulting from the defect in DNA repair. The management of complications of XP, especially orofacial tumours entails an enormous surgical challenge to the clinicians. ...
Arenaz Búa J - - 2010
Angiolipomas are either encapsulated or non-encapsulated fatty tumours. They are distinguished from other lipomas by the excessive degree of vascular proliferation and because they are mixed with mature adipocytes. They commonly occur in the trunk and extremities and are rare in the maxillofacial area. Only 36 cases in the head ...
Lin C T - - 2010
Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a rare malignancy composed of epithelial and mesenchymal elements. In general, these neoplasms occur in older individuals at the age of 60 on average and are more commonly found in males who are heavy smokers. We report a 25-year-old male with a tumour shadow of the right ...
Magill J C - - 2010
We present the first reported case in the English language literature of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the right tonsil in a young, pregnant woman, and we report a management strategy for this enigmatic entity. A 28-year-old, pregnant woman presented with a 10-day history of odynophagia despite a course of ...
Zanger P - - 2010
Schistosoma japonicum infection associated with a rectal carcinoid in an asymptomatic 44-year-old female from the Philippines is described. A systematic review of the literature could not identify similar reports, suggesting a rare coincidence. However, epidemiological data on the frequency of both conditions as well as published results of a colorectal ...
de Vries Iris A C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Castleman disease (CD) is a rare benign disorder characterised by hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue that may develop at a single site or throughout the body. The etiology of this disorder is unclear, although the histopathological presentation can be differentiated into a hyaline vascular variant, a plasma cell variant and ...
Wojnar Andrzej - - 2010
Haemangiomas represent benign tumours of vascular origin. Cavernous haemangiomas are formed by cavernally widened irregular vascular spaces, lined with endothelia with no signs of atypia. In the fallopian tube haemangiomas are rare. In the available literature, only six cases were noted. We present a clinical and morphological case of a ...
Peters Peter - - 2010
A 60 year old lady was referred to the Princess Alexandra Hospital (Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) tertiary Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Unit from a peripheral hospital for investigation and management of a tumour at the base of the tongue. Biopsy of the tumour revealed it to be an epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of ...
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