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Results 401 - 450 of 706
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Sharma R R - - 2000
An unusual case of pyogenic cervical osteomyelitis is reported in a newborn who immediately after birth had no movements in the left shoulder. There was a fullness in the left cervical region. Left Erb's palsy due to an unrecognized birth trauma was diagnosed in a peripheral hospital. Later, the child ...
López-Gatius F - - 2000
The breeding of cattle using conventional artificial insemination methods involves the deposition of semen in the uterine body. However, it has been recently proposed by several authors that the site of semen deposition be changed to the uterine horns. This suggestion is based on 2 facts: the acceptance that the ...
Bulten J - - 2000
Papanicolaou-stained cervical smears (Pap smears) of post-menopausal women often present difficulties in distinguishing atrophic cervical epithelium from high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2-3). The aim of this study was to disclose differences in proliferative activity in normal cervical epithelium, cervical atrophy, and high-grade CIN lesions, in order to develop specific and ...
Brown P G - - 2000
Trampolines were responsible for over 6,500 pediatric cervical spine injuries in 1998. This represents a five-fold increase in just 10 years. While most have been minor, paraplegia, quadriplegia and death are all reported. We present 2 cases of trampoline-related cervical spine injury and review the relevant literature. Additionally, we examine ...
Derwinis T - - 2000
A review of the general principles governing radiological procedures in cases of acute trauma to the cervical spine, depending on the patient's clinical status, and on the location and nature of the injury. Various X-ray techniques are presented that can be used to attain better differentiation of the sequelae of ...
Eastlack J P - - 2000
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly of the ventral neck that heretofore has not been reported in the dermatology literature. We present a case of a midline cervical cleft that was diagnosed and managed at an early age. We also review the literature and discuss its clinical and ...
Whitesides L - - 2000
PURPOSE: This article reviews the demographics, presentation, cause, clinical findings, and treatment of 12 cases of cervical necrotizing fasciitis of odontogenic origin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 12 cases treated between 1987 and 1997 was done. RESULTS: Most cases resulted from an abscessed mandibular molar. The most ...
Guyot-Drouot M H - - 2000
Arthritis, tenosynovitis, and bursitis due to sea urchin spine injuries have unique pathological features and run a chronic course until the spines are removed. Of the 40 cases of sea urchin spine-related clinical symptoms published to date, only 12 had osteoarticular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 12 cases with ...
Souza J W - - 2000
Schwannoma of the cervical sympathetic chain is a rare nerve tumor with fewer than 40 confirmed cases in the English literature. These lesions typically present as an asymptomatic neck mass and are easily mistaken for a carotid body tumor during the initial workup. We report a case of schwannoma of ...
Lubianca-Neto J F - - 1999
Phlebectasia is an abnormal dilatation of an isolated vein, may affect any vein, and is usually asymptomatic. When the internal jugular vein is involved, it presents as a cervical swelling that can mimic the signs of either pharyngocele or a laryngocele and, because of its rarity, is frequently misdiagnosed. We ...
Shand A - - 1999
We describe two cases of oesophageal intramural pseudo-diverticulosis associated with a cervical oesophageal web presenting as intermittent dysphagia. In both cases, disruption of the web endoscopically resulted in lasting relief from symptoms. This observation, together with a review of the literature written during the past 39 years, suggests that oesophageal ...
Levy E I - - 1999
We report a case of eosinophilic granuloma involving the vertebral bodies of the cervical spine in a 33-month-old girl. This lesion was diagnosed by needle biopsy and treated with prednisone and vinblastine therapy along with immobilization in a Minerva brace. The child has done well over a 9-month follow-up and ...
Thongsuksai P - - 1999
Kikuchi's disease or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is a self limiting disorder which usually affects young women and manifests clinically by cervical lymphadenopathy with or without fever. Though the disease has been described since 1972, many clinicians and pathologists are unaware of its existence. We therefore reviewed 23 cases of Kikuchi's ...
Rodiek S O - - 1999
We report a case of a 15-year-old girl suffering from cervicobrachialgia who was admitted to our service due to an enlarged neural foramen suspicious for a neurinoma. The cervical phlebography, however, revealed a space-occupying dilated epidural vein with increased blood supply from the suboccipital venous plexus. Lesions like this are ...
Piovesan E J - - 1999
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) can virtually affect any organ, presenting most frequently with "cafe au lait" spots and neurofibromas. Vasculopathy is a known complication of NF1, but cerebrovascular disease is rare. We report the case of a 51-year-old man admitted to the hospital with a history of stroke four months ...
Schwam E - - 1999
We report a case of fulminant supraglottitis with dramatic external cervical swelling due to associated cellulitis. Blood cultures were positive for Neisseria meningitidis. The patient recovered completely after emergency fiberoptic intubation and appropriate antibiotic therapy. We summarize five other cases of meningococcal supraglottitis, all reported since 1995, and discuss possible ...
Goffin J - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: Case report and literature review. OBJECTIVES: To review the English literature pertaining to spondyloptosis of the cervical spine in patients with Von Recklinghausen's disease and to present as an illustrative example the case of a 41-year-old woman with a spondyloptotic kyphotic curve of the spine at C5-C7 of ...
van Ooij A - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of cervical spondylodiscitis after removal of a lodged fishbone. OBJECTIVES: To present a rare case of cervical spondylodiscitis and to inform the readers that a lodged fishbone can give rise to this complication after its removal. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In the literature, only one ...
Daumen-Legré V - - 1999
Nontraumatic anteroposterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been described in several rheumatic or inherited disorders, especially rheumatoid arthritis and to a lesser extent the inflammatory spondyloarthropathies. We describe AAS secondary to osteoarthritis (OA) of the cervical spine in a 76-year-old man and a 73-year-old woman with severe cervical OA, symptomatic C1-C2 ...
Andersen A B - - 1999
A case of hepatic actinomycosis contracted one year after removal of an intrauterine device during ongoing Actinomyces cervicitis is reported. During active disease, lymphocytes from the apparently fully immunocompetent patient were able to proliferate but not to produce the proinflammatory lymphokine gamma-interferon in response to Actinomyces antigen. This ability was ...
Choy D S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The use of percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) for the treatment of erectile dysfunction caused by herniated disc disease is described. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Disc herniation is often overlooked as a cause of erectile dysfunction, with few cases reported in the literature. METHODS: Two patients with erectile dysfunction were ...
Jayaraj S M - - 1999
We report a case of a 27-year-old Asian man presenting with the typical features of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis who was commenced on anti-tuberculous therapy on the strength of the clinical presentation. Histological examination of an excised cervical lymph node however, revealed the diagnosis of Kikuchi's syndrome; a histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis ...
Basaranoglu M - - 1999
Spondylitis is one of the more frequent osteoarticular complications of Brucella infection, but cervical spine involvement is rare. We report here a case of cervical Brucella spondylitis with paravertebral anterior epidural abscess which resulted in neurological deficits. The diagnosis is based on clinical history supported by Brucella serology, radiological findings ...
Hećimović I - - 1999
We present a successful treatment result in a rare case of low velocity missile transpharyngeal wound to the upper cervical area in a 33-year-old man. There are very few reports concerning related cases, with some disagreement regarding their treatment. The retained missile was successfully removed from the anterior region of ...
Baysal T - - 1999
An unusual case of myositis ossificans traumatica lesion located in the paraspinal region is reported. Despite the contiguity of the lesion with the cervical vertebrae and ominous appearance of the biopsy material, the history of antecedent trauma and computed tomography findings allowed preoperative accurate diagnosis. To our knowledge, myositis ossificans ...
Jelinek J S - - 1998
Sarcoidosis is a common multisystem disorder characterized by noncaseating epithelial granulomata, with osseous involvement typically seen in 5% of patients. While the lace-like or cystic pattern frequently seen in radiographs of the phalanges is well appreciated, sclerotic lesions of the spine are uncommon. We review a case of sarcoidosis of ...
Babores M - - 1998
An 80-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with recurrent right-sided aspiration pneumonia, found on barium swallow to be due to diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (Forrestier's disease) of the cervical spine, with the formation of a giant cervical osteophyte. He was treated conservatively with a feeding gastrostomy. The medical literature ...
Nadler S F - - 1998
The high lumbar disc refers to a disc herniation involving the upper lumbar discs (L2-4). Radiculopathy caused by an upper lumbar disc is occasionally difficult to diagnose secondary to ambiguous presenting symptoms. Once accurately diagnosed, the treatment program is straight-forward but specific for the high nerve root pathology. A series ...
Sood S - - 1998
A case of an acquired pharyngeal pouch which formed as a consequence of previous anterior cervical fusion is reported. This is a rare cause of pharyngeal pouch formation with only one such case previously reported in the English language literature. In our case adhesions had formed between the posterior pharyngeal ...
Abraham D J - - 1998
Over the last 10 years, the annual number of spinal procedures performed in the United States has more than doubled. In 1996, there were roughly 29,000 thoracic or dorsal fusion procedures, which made up almost 13% of all spine fusions performed. Scoliosis was the most common condition necessitating posterior thoracic ...
Tsung P A - - 1998
Dance injuries associated with cervical radiculopathy have not been described in the literature. This report describes the case of an international-style ballroom dancer who developed a cervical radiculopathy as a result of frequent lateral rotation and hyperextension of the cervical spine during dancing. The patient's symptoms and signs suggestive of ...
Seshul M J - - 1998
Fibrovascular polyp of the upper aerodigestive tract is an uncommon tumor that may present in pediatric patients with symptoms ranging from dysphagia to asphyxiation and death. We present a unique case of a pediatric patient with an asymptomatic fibrovascular polyp noted as an incidental finding on a cervical ultrasound evaluation. ...
Mittal K - - 1998
Changes of condyloma are sometimes difficult to distinguish from changes seen with inflammation or with squamous metaplasia (SM) in the uterine cervix. Cervical condylomas show increased proliferative activity, so we sought to discover whether this increased activity is more than that seen in SM or with inflammation. Mitotic activity per ...
Goupille P - - 1998
STUDY DESIGN: A review of the current literature on the role of matrix metalloproteinases in intervertebral disc degeneration. OBJECTIVE: To detail the characteristics of matrix metalloproteinases (classification, structure, substrate specificity and regulation) and to report previous studies of intervertebral discs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degeneration of the intervertebral disc, a ...
Lu F H - - 1998
In contrast to other types of cervical adenocarcinoma, well-differentiated papillary villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is unique for its tendency to develop in young women and its excellent prognosis. Until now, no tumor recurrence has been reported in the English literature following surgical treatment that varies from conization to ...
Dehal S A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The consequences and management of asymptomatic Actinomyces-like organisms detected on cervical cytologic smears continue to be controversial. CASE: A unilateral tuboovarian actinomycotic abscess was discovered in a woman who had undergone a hysterectomy for uterine leiomyomas. She had had an intrauterine device in place for many years without any ...
Matsuura Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the development of low grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (LCIN) and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in cases with long-term follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-three cases of LCIN were followed for more than five years with cytology, colposcopy and Vira Pap. Coexistence of HPV infection was sought ...
Lesser K B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The placement of a transabdominal cervical cerclage has been regarded as considerably more morbid than a transvaginal cerclage, in part due to the need for two laparotomies. We describe a technique for the laparoscopic placement and removal of a transabdominal cerclage. CASES: Two cases of women with insufficient cervical ...
Martínez-Lage J F - - 1998
Avulsion of lumbar vertebral rim plate is an uncommon lesion, seen specially in young adults. Its occurrence in pediatric age is very infrequent. As with intervertebral disc herniation in children, an accurate diagnosis may be often delayed due to concerns for neoplasm, infection, and spondylolisthesis. We report a 15-year-old boy ...
Morgan H - - 1998
In preparing this paper, the authors reviewed their experiences with four cases of T1-2 disc herniation as well as the medical literature on the subject. Intervertebral thoracic disc herniations are uncommon and high thoracic disc herniations are rare. In the upper third of the thoracic spine, T1-2 is the most ...
Okuno S - - 1998
Cases of cervical infarction with clearly documented evidence of the underlying aetiology and associated neuroradiological abnormalities have not been frequently reported. A rare case of cervical infarction caused by midvertebral artery occlusion due to spondylotic degeneration of the spine is described. The most probable aetiological factor affecting this disease entity, ...
Di Vito J J - - 1998
Cervical osteophytes are common in the aging population. Dysphagia induced by cervical osteophytes, although uncommon, is an important and treatable cause of dysphagia that must be identified during the modified barium swallow. Previous authors have described osteophyte impingement as a cause for dysphagia. This report describes a case of this ...
Minet A - - 1998
The definition, mode of development and symptomatology of cervico-thoracic goiters are described. The treatment of choice is a total thyroidectomy. The indication of each step in the preoperative work-up and the details of the surgical technique specific for cervico-thoracic goiters are reviewed. The choice between a purely cervical and a ...
Floman Y - - 1998
The cases of six adolescent males with a mild thoracic scoliosis of unknown etiology and a marked limitation of neck flexion are reported. All six complained of mild thoracic spine pain and were 13-17 years old at the onset of their symptoms. In addition to the thoracic scoliosis, all were ...
Vincent M - - 1997
Before Sjaastad coined the term cervicogenic headache (CR) 15 years ago, neck-related headaches have been considered by different authors for many years. Even after the publication of diagnostic criteria, dispute on the clinical picture, differential diagnosis, pathophysiology and treatment of CR still persists. A paper published in 1949 by Josey ...
Fontenot T - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of ultrasound in identifying fetal position and cervical spine flexion in breech presentations. Radiographic and ultrasonographic determinations of the type of presentation (frank, complete or incomplete) and degree of cervical spine flexion in 52 breech presentations were compared. The angle ...
Feigenbaum F - - 1997
The authors present the case of a 15-year-old Jehovah's Witness with a hematocrit level of 19% who was 4 months pregnant and had a two-level spondyloptotic cervical spine fracture. The patient was transferred to Georgetown University Medical Center with C-5 quadriplegia 3 weeks after having been injured in an automobile ...
Stanley-Christian H - - 1997
Villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix is a distinct histologic type of cervical cancer. Fewer than 60 cases have been reported in the literature. Previous reports suggest that, due to the highly favorable prognosis of this rare histologic type of cervical cancer, conservative surgical therapy with cervical conization or extrafascial hysterectomy ...
Ayache D - - 1997
Midline cervical cleft is a rare congenital anomaly of the ventral neck and its embryological origin has not been clearly established. Less than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of midline cervical cleft operated on at the age of 2 months in order to ...
Sudhakar C B - - 1997
Anterior cervical osteophyte is a rare cause of dysphagia usually occurring in the elderly. We report two cases in which the anterior cervical osteophytes impinged upon the esophagus, and we describe their surgical management. Initial investigation of a case of dysphagia should be directed to the common causes; however, in ...
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