Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 694
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von Rahden B H A - - 2002
We herein report about a case of perforation of the cervical esophagus by an artificial denture, which had been swallowed by the patient after a horse-related-injury. Impactation of the foreign body at the level of the upper esophageal sphincter was followed by its penetration through the esophageal wall, causing severe ...
Ɓebkowski Wojciech J - - 2002
According to many investigators, lumbar disc herniation is formed by the nucleus pulposus displaced to the vertebral canal through the cracks in the annulus fibrosus as a final result of disc degeneration. Specimens obtained during 187 disc surgeries were studied to identify the morphological nature of various forms of disc ...
Benhalima H - - 2001
An unusual case of massive osteolysis destroying the left side of the mandible, the maxilla, the orbit, the cranium bones and the upper cervical spine is reported. The evolution of this disease was observed over a period of 4 years. The literature was reviewed, only 39 cases have been found ...
Bedaiwy M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Osseous metaplasia of the uterus is a rare pathologic entity usually affecting the endometrial cavity without cervical extension. It has been reported after abortion, in cases of chronic endometritis, and as a result of metabolic disorders as hypervitaminosis D, hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia. CASE: A woman developed osseous metaplasia ...
Weiner B K - - 2001
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Anterior approaches to the lumbosacral spine afford the ideal window to the disc for interbody fusion. Vascular injuries represent the most feared complications of such approaches. Unfortunately, the combination of more procedures being performed, more surgeons at the beginning of the learning curve and less invasive techniques of ...
Bagatur A E - - 2001
This case report concerns a 5-year-old boy who had intervertebral disc calcification with involvement of two disc spaces and herniation of nucleus pulposus in one. The patient's symptoms resolved completely in a week with conservative measures. At the 4-year follow-up, the child was symptom-free and in full health, the herniation ...
Slavin K V - - 2001
A case of spontaneous regression of a large herniated disc at the lumbar level is presented. The disc regression correlated with clinical improvement and was documented on serial MRI studies. Although the phenomenon of spontaneous disappearance of decrease in size of herniated disc fragments is well known, the exact mechanism ...
Sharma S - - 2001
We present a case history of a woman who was diagnosed as having cervical schistosomiasis on histology following investigations for abnormal cervical smear. Schistosomiasis of the female genital tract can present with varied symptoms and there is a need for greater awareness of this diagnosis as the number of travellers ...
Xin C Y - - 2001
The variation of the E6 region of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is associated with a high risk for cervical carcinogenesis. To see whether the same is the case with HPV33, 52 and 58, known to have high homology with HPV16, we analyzed the E6 sequence variation of these HPVs ...
Galli J - - 2001
Cervical vertebral anomalies are often associated with malformations or traumas, they may be completely asymptomatic and represent an occasional finding in vertigo or can cause severe neurologic complications (ie, compression of the upper cervical spine with myelopathy, epilepsy, or respiratory failure). This clinical case is a patient who came to ...
Bilgen I G - - 2001
We present the MRI findings in a case of a 24-year-old woman with spinal hemangioblastoma, causing neural foraminal widening by producing a dumbbell mass in the lower cervical region. Hemangioblastomas can very rarely present as an intradural extramedullary lesions and this case is another exceptional pathology which should be considered ...
Geyer T E - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of a 76-year-old woman who retched up a screw from a cervical spine locking plate 5 years after anterior cervical spine fusion. The literature relevant to this topic is reviewed. OBJECTIVES: To report the rare but potentially life-threatening complication of oral screw extrusion after anterior ...
Eftekhar B - - 2001
Cervical actinomycosis causing spinal cord compression is a rare clinical entity. In a review of the literature, the authors found only 13 cases with actinomycosis-related spinal neurological deficit. The authors describe the case of a 26-year-old man who presented with neck pain and partial paresis of the upper limbs. Magnetic ...
Erbil K M - - 2001
Transverse foramens of 250 cervical vertebras were examined. There were accessory foramina and variations in shape and number in 10 out of 250 cervical vertebras. Since such a variation of foramens, through which the vertebral artery passes, has not been detected in the literature, these ten cases are to be ...
Brennan J W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We report the first case in the literature of cervical myelopathy caused by progressive cord compression as a result of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the cervical vertebra. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old man presented with progressive cervical myelopathy. Imaging revealed a vascular, expansile lesion of contiguous cervical vertebrae causing ...
Häberle J - - 2001
Chiari malformations are brain stem anomalies with or without spinal canal involvement. The combination of brain stem and cerebellar anomaly with a cervical cele is named Chiari III malformation. Patients with this extremely rare defect frequently present with severe neurological defects and can have a poor prognosis. Following a report ...
Roy P K - - 2001
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an uncommon but potentially lethal soft-tissue infection. Mortality rate is high and has not changed since it was first described by Meleny. Although immunodeficiency is a risk factor for NF, there is only one reported case of NF in AIDS involving the cervical region. We report ...
Mercer S R - - 2001
The developing understanding of the morphology of the cervical spine has revealed the complexity of the system. A review of selected literature reported that a number of the joints have an unusual nature and exhibit complicated and even paradoxical motions. For the practicing therapist, the significance of these observations is ...
Iwamura Y - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of anterior en bloc resected cervical intradural disc herniation and a review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the pathogenesis of cervical intradural disc herniation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Including this study case, only 17 cases of cervical intradural disc herniation have been reported. There ...
Lee M Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Most cases of cryptococcosis are diagnosed when signs of meningitis have appeared. We report a case of lymphonodular cryptococcosis that was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), excisional biopsy of a cervical lymph node and culture of aspirated material. CASE: An 11-year-old boy presented with a history of ...
Velan G J - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in a patient with vitamin D-resistant rickets is presented together with a review of literature. OBJECTIVE: To report the diagnosis of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in a white woman with vitamin D-resistant ...
Nishikawa K - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: Case reports of patients with cervical myelopathy to hypoplasia of the atlas. OBJECTIVES: To report cases of cervical myelopathy due to congenital hypoplasia of the atlas and to review the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Six previously documented cases of congenital hypoplasia of the atlas as a cause ...
Paleri V - - 2001
Jugular phlebectasia is an entity that is being increasingly recognised in recent years. The term phlebectasia indicates dilatation of the vein without tortuosity. It has been described in almost all cervical veins. Internal jugular phlebectasia is seen more often on the right side. This paper reports two new cases, reviews ...
Gerlach R - - 2001
The authors report the case of a 10-year-old girl with intervertebral disc calcifications from the levels C6/C7 to Th1/Th2, presenting with a herniated calcified intervertebral disc at the C7/Th1 level, causing spinal cord compression with subsequent progressive paresis and sensory loss of her left leg. After anterior cervical discectomy and ...
Celebi S - - 2001
We here report a 44-year-old female patient who is the first documented case of cervical carcinoma with amyopathic dermatomysitis (ADM). The association of ADM with malignancy is clearly stated in the literature. This patient first presented with classic cutaneous findings of dermatomyositis with no signs and symptoms of muscle involvement ...
Malik S N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed consecutive cases classified as benign cellular changes (BCC) over a four-month period. STUDY DESIGN: Cases classified as BCC were retrieved from the cytology files. A search was carried out to identify the previous Pap smears and concomitant cervical biopsies. RESULTS: One thousand one hundred three cases (23% ...
Cornu A S - - 2001
The authors present a case of ectopic cervical thymus in a 4-month-old child. Ectopic cervical thymus is an uncommon etiology of a neck mass in a child. It is often misdiagnosed preoperatively as a possible malignancy. It is usually located along the embryologic course of thymus migration from the angle ...
Currarino G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Occipital osteodiastasis (OOD) is a form of birth injury characterized by a tear along the innominate (posterior occipital or supraoccipital-exoccipital) synchondrosis with separation of the occipital squama from the lateral or condylar parts of the occipital bone. The condition, frequently mentioned in the older literature as relatively common and ...
Kathmann I - - 2000
Reports on intervertebral disc disease in cats are rare in the veterinary literature. It has been postulated that intervertebral disc protrusion is a frequent finding during necropsy in cats, without having any clinical relevance (King and Smith 1958, King & Smith 1960a, King & Smith 1960b). However, a total of ...
Al-Jishi A - - 2000
A case of primary dystonia with atlantoaxial subluxation is reported. This 46-year-old man who was suffering from primary generalized dystonia since childhood presented with clinical features suggestive of recent onset of cervical myelopathy. Imaging studies confirmed presence of severe spondylotic changes in the cervical spine with cord compression along with ...
Bogduk N - - 2000
This review constitutes the first of four reviews that systematically address contemporary knowledge about the mechanical behavior of the cervical vertebrae and the soft-tissues of the cervical spine, under normal conditions and under conditions that result in minor or major injuries. This first review considers the normal kinematics of the ...
Güler N - - 2000
We report two cases of acute cervical angina and ECG changes induced by anteflexion of the head. Cervical angina is defined as chest pain that resembles true cardiac angina but originates from cervical discopathy with nerve root compression. In these patients, Prinzmetal's angina, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, left ...
Howard A W - - 2000
Cervical spondylolysis is a rare defect of unknown etiology. Five cases of cervical spondylolysis as well as two cases of fractures of the pedicles of C2 in infants are presented. Comparison of the cases suggests that a fracture at birth or in infancy may be the cause of some cases ...
Fujibayashi S - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A case report of an anterior cervical plate and screws that disappeared completely. OBJECTIVES: To present a case of a missing anterior cervical plate and screws, this being quite a rare complication of a cervical implant. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No mention of this complication was found in ...
Takasita M - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: Two case reports. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate two rare cases of atlantoaxial subluxation associated with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the cervical spine, in which spastic quadriplegia developed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are only two reports of an association of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis with atlantoaxial ...
Bhandari H - - 2000
The present study comprised 50 patients of chronic cervicitis attending gynaecological clinic of Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh. The aim of the study was to isolate some of the common sexually transmitted disease (STD) pathogens in chronic cervicitis. Cervical swabs were taken from the patients. The ...
Trummer M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Meralgia paresthetica, a syndrome of pain and/or dysesthesia in the anterolateral thigh, is normally caused by an entrapment of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) at the anterior superior iliac spine. In a few cases compression of the nerve in the retroperitoneum has been reported to mimic meralgia paresthetica. ...
Vijaikumar M - - 2000
We describe a 37-year-old woman who presented with palmoplantar pigmentation, thickening and pitting of 4 years duration. Bluish pigmented patches were seen over the sclera of her eyes. Her lumbar spine showed typical calcification of the intervertebral discs. Addition of Benedict's reagent to a urine sample of the patient gave ...
Sharma R R - - 2000
An unusual case of pyogenic cervical osteomyelitis is reported in a newborn who immediately after birth had no movements in the left shoulder. There was a fullness in the left cervical region. Left Erb's palsy due to an unrecognized birth trauma was diagnosed in a peripheral hospital. Later, the child ...
López-Gatius F - - 2000
The breeding of cattle using conventional artificial insemination methods involves the deposition of semen in the uterine body. However, it has been recently proposed by several authors that the site of semen deposition be changed to the uterine horns. This suggestion is based on 2 facts: the acceptance that the ...
Brown P G - - 2000
Trampolines were responsible for over 6,500 pediatric cervical spine injuries in 1998. This represents a five-fold increase in just 10 years. While most have been minor, paraplegia, quadriplegia and death are all reported. We present 2 cases of trampoline-related cervical spine injury and review the relevant literature. Additionally, we examine ...
Bulten J - - 2000
Papanicolaou-stained cervical smears (Pap smears) of post-menopausal women often present difficulties in distinguishing atrophic cervical epithelium from high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2-3). The aim of this study was to disclose differences in proliferative activity in normal cervical epithelium, cervical atrophy, and high-grade CIN lesions, in order to develop specific and ...
Derwinis T - - 2000
A review of the general principles governing radiological procedures in cases of acute trauma to the cervical spine, depending on the patient's clinical status, and on the location and nature of the injury. Various X-ray techniques are presented that can be used to attain better differentiation of the sequelae of ...
Eastlack J P - - 2000
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly of the ventral neck that heretofore has not been reported in the dermatology literature. We present a case of a midline cervical cleft that was diagnosed and managed at an early age. We also review the literature and discuss its clinical and ...
Whitesides L - - 2000
PURPOSE: This article reviews the demographics, presentation, cause, clinical findings, and treatment of 12 cases of cervical necrotizing fasciitis of odontogenic origin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 12 cases treated between 1987 and 1997 was done. RESULTS: Most cases resulted from an abscessed mandibular molar. The most ...
Guyot-Drouot M H - - 2000
Arthritis, tenosynovitis, and bursitis due to sea urchin spine injuries have unique pathological features and run a chronic course until the spines are removed. Of the 40 cases of sea urchin spine-related clinical symptoms published to date, only 12 had osteoarticular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 12 cases with ...
Souza J W - - 2000
Schwannoma of the cervical sympathetic chain is a rare nerve tumor with fewer than 40 confirmed cases in the English literature. These lesions typically present as an asymptomatic neck mass and are easily mistaken for a carotid body tumor during the initial workup. We report a case of schwannoma of ...
Shand A - - 1999
We describe two cases of oesophageal intramural pseudo-diverticulosis associated with a cervical oesophageal web presenting as intermittent dysphagia. In both cases, disruption of the web endoscopically resulted in lasting relief from symptoms. This observation, together with a review of the literature written during the past 39 years, suggests that oesophageal ...
Lubianca-Neto J F - - 1999
Phlebectasia is an abnormal dilatation of an isolated vein, may affect any vein, and is usually asymptomatic. When the internal jugular vein is involved, it presents as a cervical swelling that can mimic the signs of either pharyngocele or a laryngocele and, because of its rarity, is frequently misdiagnosed. We ...
Levy E I - - 1999
We report a case of eosinophilic granuloma involving the vertebral bodies of the cervical spine in a 33-month-old girl. This lesion was diagnosed by needle biopsy and treated with prednisone and vinblastine therapy along with immobilization in a Minerva brace. The child has done well over a 9-month follow-up and ...
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