Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 706
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Schulte T L - - 2006
A 39-year-old man with acquired torticollis suffering from cervicobrachialgia and neurological deficits is presented. Due to a change in head position a transient reproducible tetraplegia and severe vegetative dysfunctions were caused. The origin of this uncommon serious combination of symptoms and signs was a chordoma of the upper cervical spine. ...
Khan Mustafa H - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To describe an extremely unusual case of acute quadriparesis in a white female caused by calcification of the ligamentum flavum (LF) from C1 to T2, and to review briefly the pertinent literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Diseases characterized by abnormal calcium deposition on the spinal ...
Wong David T - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report of late postoperative complication. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There have been a number of reports of migration and extrusion of cervical fusion instrumentation. The majority of such cases have a benign outcome. To our knowledge, cervical instrumentation extrusion resulting in prevertebral abscess and acute airway obstruction ...
Eddy Derrick D Sports Medicine, Akron Children's Hospital, 388 S. Main Street, Akron, OH 44311, USA. - - 2005
To review the literature for evidence that pertains to return to play and spine injuries, including cervical spinal stenosis, congenital and developmental abnormalities of the cervical spine, stingers, herniated nucleus pulposus, and spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis. Electronic databases, Pubmed (1966-2005) and Sport Discus (1975-2005), were searched for pertinent literature. Also, additional articles were ...
Kayikcioglu Fulya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ligneous change of the genital tract is a very rare condition and may result in infertility. CASE: A 27-year-old woman presented with primary infertility and ligneous changes of the genital tract. Cervical and endometrial samples revealed subepithelial deposition of dense, amorphous, eosinophilic material associated with intensive inflammatory cell infiltration. ...
Ohaegbulam Chima - - 2005
The authors of this brief case report describe a previously unreported developmental variant of the craniovertebral junction. A 10-year-old girl who presented with cervical myelopathy was found to have cervicomedullary compression by hypertrophic occipital condyles. Decompression was achieved via a midline dorsal approach with no complications. The embryology of this ...
Loizzi Vera - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is commonly seen in postmenopausal women and uterine bleeding is the first sign in 90% of the cases. Bone metastasis as the presenting feature is extremely rare. We report two endometrial cancer patients with metastasis to the tibia and cervical vertebra at the time of primary disease. ...
Kitamura Hiroshi - - 2005
We describe a case of obstruction of the cervical oesophagus in which ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed characteristic dislocation of the cervical oesophagus and food impaction in a segmental canal. Although the patient presented with complete obstruction initially, spontaneous recovery of passage was achieved with conservative therapy. One recurrent episode ...
Pollard Henry - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a case of C7 radiculopathy in a professional rugby league player after repeated cervical spine trauma. The report outlines the management of the patient following an acute cervical hyperflexion injury with chiropractic manipulation and soft tissue therapies. It also presents a change in approach to include ...
Mhaskar R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of amniotic membrane grafts in cases of vaginal and cervical agenesis. METHODS: Five girls with complete cervical and vaginal agenesis underwent cervicoplasty and vaginoplasty using amniotic membrane grafts. RESULT: Excellent epithelization and patency of cervix and vagina was achieved in all cases. CONCLUSION: Amniotic membrane ...
Karkos P D - - 2005
Lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas are relatively uncommon congenital malformations of the lymphatic system which usually present in the first years of childhood. Presentation in adult life is rare. We present a case of cervical adult cystic hygroma and discuss radiological and histopathological features as well as the management of these ...
Lasry Fatine - - 2005
Myositis ossificans progressiva (MOP) is a rare condition of which we report a case in a 13-year-old girl with involvement of the cervical paraspinal and periscapular muscles. No ectopic ossifications were visible on plain radiographs. Computed tomography disclosed diffuse inflammation. Plain radiographs of the toes confirmed the diagnosis by visualizing ...
Etus Volkan - - 2006
The presence of myelomeningocele at multiple levels along the spinal column is extremely rare. There are only a few cases of double myelomeningocele reported in the literature. We report the case of a newborn male who had two myelomeningoceles with one at the cervical level and the other at the ...
Mathews D M - - 2005
In this case a woman underwent a cervical laminectomy with a total i.v. anaesthesia technique and during her care two problems occurred with propofol delivery. In both cases, bispectral index increases alerted caregivers to the decreased propofol delivery and allowed them to make corrections in a manner timely enough to ...
Karthik Shishir - - 2005
Mediastinal lymph node biopsy plays a fundamental role in diagnosis, staging and management of lung cancer. We describe a novel method of using the video-mediastinoscope for concurrent cervical mediastinotomy and anterior mediastinoscopy. We have performed five concurrent procedures using this system in the last 14 months. In four cases, we ...
Gardner Richard O E - - 2005
Congenital midline cervical clefts (CMCC) are rare. There have been approximately 50 reports in the international literature with the majority found in Caucasian females. They consist of a skin tag, mucosal surface and a caudal sinus in the ventral midline of the neck. The embryological cause is disputed, as is ...
Song Kyung-Jin - - 2005
Non-traumatic acute myelopathy caused by cervical disc herniation is rare, and no case has been reported which the disease was caused by the extrusion or migration of a cervical disc herniation of contiguously-located two-level disc space. In this report, the disease is described, and the direction of migration and surgical ...
Cesur M - - 2005
This report describes a case in which a large anterior osteophyte on the C2 and C3 vertebrae, due to ankylosing spondylitis, resulted in distortion of the anatomy of the upper airway and difficult intubation. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a progressive inflammatory disease, characterized by stiffening of the joints and ligaments. ...
Laban Myron M - - 2005
LaBan previously described the precipitous onset of lumbar radiculopathy in 12 patients who were receiving therapeutic, intermittent cervical traction for a primary complaint of cervical radiculopathy. Cranial-to-caudal traction of the intraspinal pia with cervical spine distraction was cited as the dynamic link believed to have provoked the lumbar radiculopathy. This ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
Rosai-Dorfman disease is characterized by massive painless cervical lymphadenopathy, but can also include nasal obstruction, tonsillar enlargement, or hearing abnormalities. The disease occurs most often in the third and fourth decades. Most authors have suggested that it represents either an autoimmune disease or a reaction to an infectious agent that ...
Barkai Galia - - 2005
Spine infections are uncommon in paediatrics and are generally caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Salmonella spp. are a rare cause of spine infections, usually affecting children with sickle-cell anaemia. We present a case of group C1 Salmonella diskitis in a previously healty 2-y-old child, and review the relevant literature.
Seet Raymond C S - - 2005
We describe a 68 year-old Chinese man who presented with segmental dystonia involving the neck and right upper limb, which was exacerbated with action. EEG and MRI of the cervical spine were unremarkable, but MRI of the brain revealed a small cavernous angioma measuring one centimeter in diameter in the ...
Ata Baris - - 2005
Cervix uteri is regarded as an infrequent localization for endometriosis. With widespread use of invasive cervical procedures, however, an increased incidence can be expected. Limited awareness of the clinical appearance of the disease may account for its apparent rarity. This presentation aims to refocus attention to the disease by reviewing ...
Zrinzo L - - 2004
Anatomical variations of neural structures in the cervical spine are rare and are not necessarily visible on pre-operative imaging. The authors report an unusual arrangement of neural structures identified during cervical foraminotomy. Anatomical variations of the cervical nerve roots are reviewed and their importance in neurosurgical practice is discussed.
Ozdemir N - - 2004
Intraradicular lumbar disc herniation is very rare. The exact mechanism of the dural tear by a herniated disc is not known. Diagnosis of intraradicular lumbar disc herniation is difficult, so that it is rarely suspected preoperatively. This pathological entity may be a factor in the failure of lumbar disc surgery. ...
Aghayev Emin - - 2005
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum commonly occurs in healthy young men or parturient women in whom an increased intra-alveolar pressure (Valsalva maneuver, asthma, cough, emesis) leads to the rupture of the marginal pulmonary alveoli. The air ascends along the bronchi to the mediastinum and the subcutaneous space of the neck, causing cervico-fascial subcutaneous ...
Ralston Mark E - - 2004
Physiologic anterior subluxation is a phenomenon that is common to the upper pediatric cervical spine and characterized by the normal forward displacement of one cervical vertebra relative to the subjacent one. Physiologic anterior subluxation can be seen in children in the setting of trauma, when it must be distinguished from ...
Constantoyannis Constantine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many cases of ossiculum terminale in Down's syndrome have been reported. We describe an unusual case of sudden atlantoaxial instability in a previously healthy woman without a history of trauma due to a dystopic ossiculum of the dens that could be classified as an ossiculum terminale persistens or as ...
Conwell L S - - 2004
A case of a 9-year-old female with suprasternal extension of the thymus mimicking thyroid gland enlargement is described. Ultrasonography successfully established the diagnosis. Aberrant cervical thymic tissue is an infrequently reported cause of paediatric neck masses. It is important to be aware of this entity to prevent anxiety and inappropriate ...
Lin Mau-Roung - - 2004
A case-control study was conducted to determine the relationship between motorcycle helmets, including type (i.e. partial or full coverage) and fastening status (i.e. loose or firm), and cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs) in Taiwan. Based on a nationwide registry consisting of 396 motorcycle riders with traumatic SCIs during the 4-year ...
Rajendran V R - - 2004
Jugular phlebectasia is a rare cause of cervical swelling in children. It is a fusiform dilatation of any part of the jugular venous system and can involve the external, internal or anterior jugular veins. Previous reports suggest that the entity is often ignored or misdiagnosed. Unilateral internal jugular phlebactasia presenting ...
Menku A - - 2004
An unusual case of traumatic C6 - 7 total spondyloptosis with neurologically intactness at the time of injury is reported in a 35-year-old man. The patient was treated with a single-stage combined anterior-posterior and anterior operation to restore the cervical spondyloptosis, and creation of a three-column stabilization of the spine ...
Muzumdar D P - - 2004
We report an extremely rare anomaly in a 31-year-old male patient, where the posterior elements of the axis were almost completely absent and the anterior elements were dislocated anterior to the body of the C3 vertebra. The body of C3 caused severe compression of the high cervical cord. A radical ...
Handa Rakesh - - 2004
Lymphangiomas are congenital malformations of the lymphatic system, and 90% have manifested by the end of the second year of life. While 75% of these are located in the cervical region, only 2% to 3% are associated with an intrathoracic extension. An isolated mediastinal lymphangioma without a cervical component is ...
Malkawi S R - - 2004
Cervical smears taken from women referred for a check-up or with vaginal itching/discharge over a period of 3.5 years were reviewed at the King Hussein Medical Centre, Jordan. All smears were fixed with 96% alcohol, stained with Papanicolaou stain and screened microscopically. Of the smears from 1176 women aged 18-70 ...
Taşdemiroğlu Erol - - 2004
Iatrogenic intervertebral disc space infection is encountered following microsurgical discectomy, percutaneous laser disc decompression, automated percutaneous lumbar nucleotomy operations, and discography. The purpose of this paper is to present a case report and review the literature on the uncommon origins of pyogenic spondylodiscitis and to emphasize the significance of prophylactic ...
Adelson Robert Todd - - 2004
Spontaneous cervical haematomas are rare occurrences for which a wide variety of aetiologies have been reported. Although the pathogenesis of this condition can be quite diverse, all known cases have emanated from a cervical source. The authors report the first case of a spontaneous cervical haematoma arising from an intrathoracic ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Isolated atlantal stenosis is very rare with less than ten cases reported, mostly in adult Asians; however, this pathology should be recognized by the neurosurgeon. An unusual case of this rare clinical entity is reported in conjunction with multiple other anomalies. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a Caucasian ...
Korbmacher Heike - - 2004
From anatomic and functional aspects the stomatognathic system and the upper cervical spine are closely interlinked. Together with complex neuromuscular relationships, this gives rise to an important field of cooperation between orthodontics and orthopedics. The literature appeals for close interdisciplinary cooperation for patients with syndromes and for those with torticollis ...
O'Neal J Patrick - - 2004
A 2-year-old female with tracheotomy dependent congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis presented with a cervical aerocele inferior to the tracheotomy site. Management included bronchoscopy and surgical decompression with drain insertion and pressure dressings. Review of the literature shows no similar episodes reported of an acquired aerocele associated with a maintained ...
Dallan I - - 2004
Necrotising fascitiis is a rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the soft tissues and generally attacks the walls of the abdomen, the perineum, the limbs or, to a lesser degree, the cranio-cervical area. In the latter region, the infection involves the soft tissues of the neck, in a more or less ...
Jarboe Elke A - - 2004
Telomerase and human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA were evaluated as potential markers of high-grade dysplasia in cervical cytological specimens. Cytology specimens were collected from patients at the time of colposcopic evaluation for management of a previous abnormal cytology test result. Telomerase activity was evaluated by the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP), ...
Chou Yu-Cheng - - 2004
The authors report a very rare case of high cervical ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) in a 40-year-old woman who developed an intractable cough after a traffic accident. The patient's symptoms subsided immediately after decompressive laminectomy and removal of the lesion. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first ...
Brodie C - - 2004
During a recent discussion on classification of cervical cytology, the introduction of a 'Borderline Nuclear Change - High Grade Dyskaryosis Not Excluded' (BNCH) category was proposed. BNCH cases diagnosed prospectively were retrieved from laboratory records. Questionnaires were sent to referring practitioners regarding clinicopathological outcome. Cytopathological features resulting in the BNCH ...
Tilki Hacer Erdem - - 2004
We report a case of bilateral neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Electrophysiological examination suggested the presence of bilateral lower brachial plexus neuropathy. Radiography showed rudimentary bilateral cervical ribs. In the cases reported in the literature to date, the clinical findings are typically unilateral despite the common presence of bilateral bony ...
Nakamura Chieko - - 2004
We report two cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with upper thoracic myelopathy and a review of the literature. Clinical data of a 47-year-old woman (case 1) and a 54-year-old woman (case 2) are described. Case 1 showed a transverse-type myelopathy at the T2 segment level of the spinal cord and ...
Todo Yukiharu - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Serous adenocarcinoma (SAC) of the endometrium has a poor prognosis compared with that of typical endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EAC). The objective of this study was to determine whether SAC can be distinguished from EAC preoperatively by cervical or endometrial cytology. STUDY DESIGN: Cervical smears and endometrial smears obtained from 128 ...
Winter R B - - 2003
We report a case of degenerative L4-L5 spondylolisthesis in a 32-year-old female who had undergone thoracic (lower level T12) fusion as a teenager. All other levels in the lumbar spine were normal on magnetic resonance imaging. Subsequent fusion of L4-L5 led to improvement in function and alleviation of pain for ...
Nakagawa Hideki - - 2003
Pneumomediastinum and cervical emphysema usually occur following esophageal or chest trauma. Rarely do they occur as a complication of childbirth, and only approximately 200 such cases have been reported in the literature worldwide. We describe a new case, and we review the clinical picture, pathophysiology, and management of these conditions. ...
Ogunbiyi A O - - 2003
A 14 year old girl was seen in the clinic with a huge vulvar wart, and warts on both tonsils. She also had poikiloderma. She had bony abnormalities, which included lobster claw abnormality of the right foot, a right cervical rib, and the right clavicle was lower than the left. ...
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