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Sabuncuo─člu Hakan - - 2008
Although the first reported surgery for lumbar disc herniation was published many years ago, there still remains little agreement for the most effective treatment protocol for symptomatic cases. Many patients with extruded lumbar disc herniation require surgical intervention due to radiculopathy of lower extremities but some neurological symptoms of intervertebral ...
Schoyer Katherine D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe two cases of infertile sisters who are compound heterozygote carriers of the cystic fibrosis (CF) DeltaF508 and R117H/7T mutations and who were found to have significantly abnormal cervical mucus. DESIGN: Case reports and review of literature. SETTING: Infertility practice based in an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Two ...
Cipullo Lucio - - 2008
Five consecutive cases of cervical pregnancy (CP) are presented. In four cases, the diagnosis was made at routine check-ups and these were all treated conservatively. In the fifth case, an erroneous diagnosis of inevitable abortion was made, in a patient presenting with profuse vaginal bleeding. Persistent bleeding following curettage required ...
Murphy Donald R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cases have been reported in which radiculopathy or myelopathy secondary to herniated disk has occurred after cervical manipulation. In each case, it is not possible to determine whether the neurologic symptoms and signs were directly caused by the manipulation or whether they developed as part of the natural history ...
Han Serdar - - 2008
Tracheal diverticulum is a rarely encountered entity which is frequently an incidental finding in the postmortem examination, reported in 1% of patients in an autopsy series. Most cases are asymptomatic, but when symptoms are present they usually have airway symptoms with cough or recurrent respiratory infection. We herein report a ...
Akbal Ayla - - 2009
Cervical osteophytes may cause dysphagia by compressing the esophagus and may cause dysphonia by compressing the larynx and inferior laryngeal nerve. The occurrence of dysphagia and dysphonia due to cervical osteophytes has rarely been reported in literature. In this article, a case, in which the multiple cervical osteophytes were found ...
van Crevel Reinout - - 2009
Two young adult brothers, with no apparent risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI), presented with unilateral cervical lymphadenitis. Syphilis was diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology in one case, and subsequent serology and revision of a resected lymph node in the second case. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion ...
Haney John C - - 2008
Fusiform dilation of the jugular vein, or jugular venous phlebectasia, is a rare clinical entity, with an etiology of cervical swelling. We present a case of a 15-year-old male with no antecedent history of trauma and an enlarging right neck mass. Pertinent literature and relevant diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are ...
Suzuki Teppei - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical myelopathy caused by osteophyte formation appearing at the pseudoarthrosis between the posterior arch of the atlas and the lamina of the axis is extremely rare. To our knowledge, only 2 cases in non-Klippel-Feil syndrome have been reported so far. METHODS: A ...
Robertson B A - - 2008
This systematic review evaluates the strength of the evidence for the role of cervical musculoskeletal dysfunction in migraine. In this review, cervical musculoskeletal dysfunction will refer to the abnormal sensory afferentation from cervical region structures contained within the receptive field of the trigeminocervical nucleus. Electronic database searches using MEDLINE, PubMed ...
Legaye Jean - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical spondylolysis (CS) is a rare disorder involving a cleft in the articular mass, at the junction of the superior and inferior facet joints, and often a complex malformation of the posterior elements of the vertebra. The most commonly affected level is the sixth cervical vertebra. Most of ...
Abidi Alireza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Carcinosarcomas are rare neoplasms of the female genital tract. They tend to be highly aggressive and are generally associated with a poor prognosis. Carcinosarcomas of the uterine cervix are extremely rare, with only approximately 35 cases previously reported in English. CASE: A 68-year-old woman presented with cervical carcinosarcoma. She ...
Tessitore Enrico - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of polyostotic Paget disease of bone (PDB), with axis, lumbar, and calcaneum involvement. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PDB can involve cervical spine. This can lead to cervical cord compression and cervical myelopathy. A cranio-cervical instability has been rarely described in patients ...
Bucella Dario - - 2008
BACKGROUND: If cervical polyps are a common pathology in the female adult population, giant cervical polyps with a size greater than 4 cm are rare and until now only several cases have been described in literature. The size and the clinical presentation can mimic a cervical neoplasia. The management is ...
Cao Dong - - 2008
Solitary juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) in the spinal column is extremely rare and there has been no report of such a lesion involving C1 and C2 in English literature so far. Here, we report and characterize the first case of xanthogranuloma of the upper cervical spine. This case report draws attention ...
Garg Kapil
Chiari III malformation is an extremely rare anomaly characterized by low occipital and high cervical encephalocele with herniation of posterior fossa contents, that is, the cerebellum and/or the brainstem, occipital lobe, and fourth ventricle. We report the case of Chairi III malformation in a neonate with associated hypertelorism and microcephaly, ...
Antovska S V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of a genital prolapse has to include the POPQ-pelvic organ position quantification as a descriptive system. OBJECTIVES: Effectiveness of our modification of the POPQ in the diagnosis of supravaginal cervical elongation. METHODS: We evaluated our modification: Bal (midpoint of distance Aa/Va); Vas (most proximal point of anterior ...
Schneck Michael - - 2008
A 34-year-old woman presented with a 5-month history of persistent vertigo after multiple roller coaster rides, followed by neck pain for 1 month and then 2 weeks of blurred vision related to diplopia. She was ultimately found to have bilateral cervical vertebral artery dissection. The images are described and the ...
Moon Hyung Ho - - 2008
Fungal infections of the spine are relatively uncommon. Moreover, cervical spondylodiscitis due to Candida albicans in non-immunocompromised patient is very rare. We report a case of Candida spondylodiscitis in a 64-year-old woman who complained of neck pain. The clinical feature and treatment option are presented with a review of pertinent ...
Lee Hyun-Woo - - 2008
Ligamentum flavum hematoma is a rare condition. Twenty cases including present case have been reported in English-language literature. Among them, only one case reported in pure thoracic spine. A 72-year-old man presented with thoracic myelopathy without precedent cause. Magnetic resonance images revealed a posterior semicircular mass which was located in ...
Gürkanlar D - - 2007
Cervical lipomyelomeningocele is a rare congenital spinal pathology. Lipomyelomeningocele is the commonest cause of congenital tethering, which causes neurological deterioration due to the conus medullaris and root ischemia. Early intervention is recommended even in cases with normal neurological examinations in order to prevent deterioration but our patient with cervical lipomyelomeningocele ...
Van Landuyt Kristel - - 2008
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis in the elderly. Common presenting symptoms include cranial ischemic complications, constitutional manifestations and polymyalgia rheumatica. Facial and cervical edema is increasingly recognized as an inaugural sign of GCA. We present a case with tender facial and cervical edema as the dominating ...
Carl Rebecca L - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: We present a case of a nonambulatory patient with an isthmic spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pars defects are thought to be due to repeated mechanical stress on the spine in individuals with bipedal posture. Epidemiologic and mechanical studies have supported the idea that repeated ...
Floman Yizhar - - 2007
Lumbar epidural varices either primary or secondary to outflow obstruction have been implicated in causing lumbar radiculopathy. We report a case of an adolescent male who presented with lumbar radiculopathy attributable to thrombosed lumbar epidural varix as a result of inferior vena cava thrombosis emanating from factor V Leiden mutation. ...
Schaberg Madeleine R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Dysphagia after anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) is a common complaint. We present two cases of dysphagia caused by a rare complication after ACDF: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak into the neck. STUDY DESIGN: A case series of two patients. METHODS: Both patients underwent a chart review, comprehensive history, physical ...
Gouveia Liliana Olim - - 2007
Chiropractic's popularity is rising among the general population. Moreover, few studies have been conducted to properly evaluate its safety. We report three cases of serious neurological adverse events in patients treated with chiropractic manipulation. The first case is a 41 years old woman who developed a vertebro-basilar stroke 48 h ...
Weaver Edgar Newman EN - - 2007
The goal of this study was to establish a much less invasive method for access to the lateral lumbar spine for posterolateral fusion and pedicle screw (PS) placement. The technique was developed through knowledge of the anatomy literature and the author's clinical experience in more than 90 completed cases. The ...
Zhao Chang-Qing - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Case report and review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: To report a 23-year-old woman with osteochondroma of the lower cervical spine who presented with Horner syndrome and to review the relevant literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Osteochondroma is the most common benign lesion of bone but rarely affects the ...
Abdullah Layla S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reports describing the frequency and pattern of abnormal Pap smears in developing countries using the revised Bethesda system for Pap smear are few. We studied the pattern of cervical intraepithelial lesions and carcinoma detected in Pap smears of Saudi females in the western region of Saudi Arabia using the ...
Amini Amin - - 2007
The thoracic duct along with the cisterna chyli is a major lymphatic pathway near the anterior thoracolumbar spine. Despite the fragile nature of the lymphatic system and its proximity to the spinal column, chylorrhea is rarely encountered by spine surgeons. The authors present a unique case of chylorrhea associated with ...
Scavarda Didier - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of tumoral cervical chondrocalcinosis that appeared 28 years after the patient had undergone suboccipital craniotomy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman suffered from cervicalgia associated with a firm mass at the occipitocervical region. Plain x-ray and computed tomographic and magnetic resonance images revealed a calcified ...
Tins Bernhard - - 2007
Clearance of the traumatic cervical spine is a subject affecting most healthcare professionals dealing with trauma patients. There is a host of often contradictory literature making it hard for an interested reader to come to their own informed opinion based on the current evidence. This review aims to outline the ...
Mukerji Nitin - - 2007
Although degenerative cervical spondylosis is a common neurosurgical problem, not much has been published about the hereditary factors responsible for it. The authors report on a set of identical twins who presented to their service at a relatively young age with myelopathy due to degenerative cervical disc prolapse and who ...
Das Amitava - - 2007
A case of Klippel-Feil syndrome in a 12-year-old boy presentingwith the features of low set posterior hairline, short webbed neck, scoliosis and Sprengel's deformity associated with upper eyelid coloboma and pre-auricular appendages is described. Radiologically there was evidence of maldeveloped cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae associated with elevated scapula. The ...
Amirjamshidi Abbass - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present 4 rare cases of medullary compressive lesions presenting with IH, to discuss the indications for neurosurgical decompression in such cases, and to review the possible etiologies of IH briefly. METHODS: The reported cases include (1) a 19-year-old adolescent boy and a ...
Lim E C H - - 2007
Electrical injuries to the extremities may result in a range of neurologic manifestations, which include movement disorders such as parkinsonism, segmental myoclonus, choreoathetosis, tremors and dystonia. A 66-year-old man developed segmental dystonia of the right upper extremity at the age of nine, three years after he accidentally held a live ...
Ghogawala Zoher - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Surgeons attending a Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS) meeting were surveyed about the surgical approach to cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). OBJECTIVE: To elicit spine surgeons' opinions on the suitability of a panel of test cases for randomization in a proposed randomized controlled trial (RCT) of ventral versus dorsal ...
Manoharan M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mullerian adenosarcoma of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor seen in young women of reproductive age group. It presents as cervical polyps and is a low-grade malignancy with a tendency for local recurrence. Diagnosis can be difficult since it can easily be mistaken for benign polyps, both clinically ...
Lee J-K - - 2007
Case report.Objective:To report three cases of Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) associated with cervical disc herniation. We describe clinical and radiographic review of three patients who presented with BSS caused by cervical disc herniation. Three patients presented with ipsilateral motor weakness and diminished sensation to pain and temperature on the contralateral side. ...
Almond L M - - 2007
Intradural disc herniation is a well-recognized entity in the lumbar region, where over 90% of all intradural herniations are seen.1 By contrast, fewer than 5% occur in either the cervical or thoracic regions.1 We describe a case of a sudden onset neurological deficit caused by an intradural thoracic disc herniation ...
Leon-Sanchez Andres - - 2007
There are multiple reports in the literature of serious and at times fatal complications after cervical spine manipulation therapy (CSMT), even though CSMT is considered by some health providers to be an effective and safe therapeutic procedure for head and neck pain syndromes. We report a case of a young ...
Pavanello Marco - - 2007
Cystic angiomatosis of the skull and spine is an exceptionally rare, benign vascular lesion. Both the vertebral bones and the skull may be affected. Diagnosis and treatment of this disease is multidisciplinary. Histological examination is ultimately required to make a diagnosis. When the craniocervical junction is involved, the site of ...
Smith, Matthew T
Objective: To review the existing literature regarding the nature of cervical spine degeneration, with specific emphasis on the Kirkaldy- Willis model. This information is presented and used to analyse the radiographic features of a case study demonstrating a classic representation of this model occurring over a 9 year period in ...
Ozgen Serdar - - 2007
Lumbar disc herniation very rarely occurs in adolescence. The aim of this study was to assess the radiological, clinical and surgical features and case outcomes for adolescents with lumbar disc herniation, and to compare with adult cases. The cases of 17 adolescents (7 girls and 10 boys, age range 13-17 ...
Stankovic Z B - - 2007
Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most common soft tissue sarcomas in childhood and adolescence. In cases of minimal cervical invasion, less invasive local excision in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy has resulted in excellent survival rates with complete preservation of the bladder, rectum, uterus and vagina. Herein we present the case of an ...
Okutomi T - - 2007
The anesthetic management of a parturient undergoing ex-utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedures for airway control of a newborn with a potentially life-threatening difficult airway is complex and often challenging. We herein report on the successful anesthetic management of the EXIT procedure in a 30-year-old primigravida carrying a fetus with large ...
Berlucchi Marco - - 2007
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening, progressive, bacterial soft tissue infection characterized by necrosis of skin, subcutaneous tissues, fasciae, and muscles. It usually occurs in adults and is most often localized to the abdominal wall, the extremities, the perineum, the pelvis, and the thoracic region. Localization to the head and ...
Lotgering Frederik K - - 2007
Fetal loss is a painful experience. A history of second or early third trimester fetal loss, after painless dilatation of the cervix, prolapse or rupture of the membranes, and expulsion of a live fetus despite minimal uterine activity, is characteristic for cervical insufficiency. In such cases the risk of recurrence ...
Harrop James S - - 2007
The neurological manifestations of cervical spondylosis include symptomatic compression of the spinal cord (myelopathy), nerve roots (radiculopathy), or a combination of the two (myeloradiculopathy). The term myeloradiculopathy herein defines these often indistinct and inseparable entities. The pathophysiology of myeloradiculopathy is multifactorial in nature, and the natural history of untreated myeloradiculopathy ...
Salakos N - - 2007
A case of a postmenopausal woman who was investigated for a large cystic peritoneal tumor which turned out to be hematometra is presented. From her clinical history, a wide excision of the uterine cervix was reported due to a high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia. Laparotomy showed a greatly enlarged uterus and ...
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