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Results 551 - 600 of 704
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Matsui H - - 1991
An adult case of untreated hypophosphatemic vitamin D-resistant rickets with symptomatic ossification of the ligamentum flavum in the thoracic region is reported and discussed with regard to the calcium metabolism and the ligamentous ossification. Factors influencing ossification of the ligamentum flavum may be mechanical stress on the spine and an ...
Fahmy K - - 1991
Colposcopic examination was done in 189 successive parturients within 6-48 h of delivery for evidence of type, site, and extent of cervical trauma and its relation to various obstetric factors. There was trauma in 66% of cases, as erosion in 79%, as laceration in 56%, as bruising in 30%, and ...
Parham D M - - 1991
The tissue sections and preceding cervical smears of 1262 women who had colposcopic cervical biopsies were reviewed and the reports correlated. Close correlation between the cytological and histological findings, to within one histological grade of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), was noted in 86% of cases. However, the biopsy was negative, ...
Maigne J Y - - 1991
We have examined 203 lumbar and sacral skeletal specimens and have noted the frequent occurrence of a mamillo-accessory foramen, formed by the ossification of the mamillo-accessory ligament. The dorsal ramus of the lumbar nerve passes through this foramen. At the L5 level, this foramen is found frequently: in 26% of ...
Dickinson L D - - 1991
This is a report of a case of eosinophilic granuloma involving the second cervical vertebra in a 33-year-old woman. There have been 32 case reports in the literature describing eosinophilic granuloma presenting as cervical spine disease. Due to its intimate relation to the central nervous system, the opportunity for neurological ...
Dönmez T - - 1991
It was previously reported that a low density are in the posterior aspect of the intervertebral disk is an additional computed tomography (CT) finding suggesting a herniated nucleuos pulposus. In this report the incidence of this finding, its correlation with the duration of symptoms and severity of herniation, were studied ...
Yildizhan A - - 1991
The relatively rare occurrence and uncertainty about pathogenesis of intradurally displaced disc herniations stimulated an anatomico-pathological study into intradural disc herniations. The relation between the ventral dura and posterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral regions were examined macroscopically and microscopically, and ventral and dorsal dural thickness ...
Nakamura T - - 1990
Lumbar yellow ligaments were obtained from 20 cases of lumbar spinal canal stenosis and 20 cases of degenerative olisthesis with slippage of more than 3 mm. The ligaments were stained with safranin-O, von Kossa, and immunohistochemical staining methods (S-100 protein). In the unstable group the safranin-O staining was more intense, ...
Dolan J - - 1990
Cervical cytology material from 5,815 women who presented to General Practitioners throughout Ireland for routine cervical smears were referred to our Pathology Laboratory. The smears were reviewed retrospectively in order to report on the incidence of dyskaryosis and other abnormalities diagnosed on cervical cytology. Evidence of dyskaryosis was found in ...
Ekman S - - 1990
Lesions in the cervical spine of 28 young horses (Standardbred Trotters and Swedish Warmbloods), killed because of longstanding or severe ataxia, are described. The material consists of all horses with ataxia available for necropsy and presented to the large animal clinic of the School of Veterinary Medicine, Uppsala and the ...
Golan A - - 1990
Twenty-nine cases of cervical incompetence were found among 98 women diagnosed as having a congenital uterine anomaly on hysterosalpingography, a high incidence of 30%. The highest incidence was found in the bicornuate uterus group--38%. The incidence of premature delivery and late abortion was higher in this group than in the ...
Govrin-Yehudain J - - 1990
Among the anomalies and curiosities of nature, a braid-like cervical protrusion is a rare anatomical finding. Most similar reported cases of tail-like appendages have been observed in the sacrococcygeal or lumbar region. Herein we describe a newborn with a high cervical malformation located along the vertebral column, and its histological ...
Aspegren D D - - 1990
Brucellosis infection in humans is very rare in the United States. Occasional cases are identified primarily in individuals who have been exposed to an animal's raw dairy products. Presented is a rare case of human brucellosis involving the cervical spine. Of interest is how the case unfolds, reminding the practitioner ...
Thibert L - - 1990
In 1987, Mycobacterium haemophilum was isolated from cutaneous lesions, a lymph node, and the right eye of a male patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and also from a cervical lymph node in a 3-year-old girl. These two cases are the first M. haemophilum infections to be reported in Canada.
Johnson N - - 1990
We measured the effect of a progesterone antagonist on the pregnant cervix with a custom-built cervicometer. The change in cervical diameter was studied in 11 pregnant patients after oral administration of 600 mg of RU-486. In all cases RU-486 ripened the cervix (p = 0.0007). The average increase in diameter ...
Ricca G F - - 1990
Intervertebral disc degeneration of any etiology may be associated with the formation of spaces or clefts within the disc. Gas collects within these spaces and can be seen roentgenographically. A case is presented in which intradiscal gas herniated into a connective tissue capsule, displacing the left S-1 nerve root and ...
Colgan T J - - 1990
Thirty-eight cases of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) were studied to see if the topography of the ACIS and any stromal invasion by adenocarcinoma were associated with the presence (22 cases) or absence (16 cases) of squamous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Neither the topography of the ACIS (proximal linear extent, ...
Vanden Hoek T - - 1990
Much emphasis has been placed on evaluating the entire cervical spine through the seventh cervical vertebra. A case of a missed C7-T1 fracture-subluxation with resultant morbidity is presented. A review of the literature reveals the necessity to view the C7-T1 interspace when evaluating cervical spine radiographs. Recommendations are made suggesting ...
Ito S - - 1990
In order to study the antepriori etiologic factors of degenerative spondylolisthesis, the discograms and CTD were analyzed and the rate of disc slipping and disc indices wer evaluated in 30 cases with degenerative spondylolisthesis. (1) The characteristic S-shaped image which extended from anteroinferior to posterosuperior up to the posterior margin ...
Shroyer K R - - 1990
The classic cytologic criteria, koilocytotic atypia and dyskeratocytosis, fail to identify most cases with colposcopic and histologic evidence of cervical condylomata. The purpose of this study was to identify a novel cytologic diagnostic criterion, spindled nuclei, to predict the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of the cervical epithelium. Review ...
Tobias M E - - 1989
A case of a 23-year-old man who sustained a traumatic cricotracheal separation after a closed neck injury is reported. Hyoid bone elevation above the level of the superior surface of the body of the third cervical vertebra was present on lateral cervical radiography. The importance of the recognition of this ...
Eadie P A - - 1989
Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation often presents in childhood as a stiff, painful neck with associated torticollis. It can occur spontaneously following minor trauma or an inflammatory process in the cervical tissues. Failure to recognise the condition may result in a fixed rotatory subluxation which can be difficult to treat. The authors ...
Hirabayashi S - - 1989
The case of a 21-year-old man with dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of the scalp that spread to deep cervical lymph nodes is presented. Available literature is reviewed, and the infrequency of metastasis is discussed. Since cases of metastases almost always involve recurrent lesions, the importance of wide and deep resection in the ...
Obafunwa J O - - 1989
Two cases of malignant Cystosarcoma phyllodes seen in Jos University Teaching Hospital over a 9-year period are being reported. One occurred in a 16-year girl now dead and the other in a 52-year old woman probably dead. Both cases showed metastases, the axillary nodes being involved in the deceased, cervical ...
Iida H - - 1989
Cervical myelopathy due to developmental cervical canal stenosis occurred in a 13-year-old boy. The patient's father and aunt also had an abnormally small cervical canal, although both were asymptomatic. The patient and his family had many congenital anomalies including hereditary brachydactyly, syndactyly, and hyperopia. The association of these anomalies seems ...
Cain C M - - 1989
A lateral radiograph of the cervical spine was obtained for 174 of the 207 persons killed in road crashes in Adelaide, South Australia, during the 12-month period of June 1, 1987 to May 31, 1988. Of the total of 57 cases of cervical injury, routine postmortem examination identified 30 cases ...
Jenkins L E - - 1989
Intradural disc herniation of an intervertebral disc is a rare occurrence. The clinical presentation varies in severity and a high level of suspicion is necessary to determine the diagnosis. This is a case report of an intradural disc herniation in a young male. A review of the literature identifying the ...
Takimoto T - - 1989
Parapharyngeal schwannomas of the cervical sympathetic chain are benign tumors that have not been reported in children, compared to parapharyngeal neuroblastomas. We present, to our knowledge, the youngest reported case of parapharyngeal schwannoma of the cervical sympathetic chain. The nerve of origin could be clearly ascertained when excision was made ...
Zupruk G M - - 1989
Post-traumatic cervical epidural hematoma is an uncommon entity. A case is presented in which such a lesion developed after chiropractic manipulation of the neck. The patient presented with a Brown-Séquard syndrome, which has only rarely been reported in association with cervical epidural hematoma. The correct diagnosis was obtained by computed ...
Aquino B C - - 1989
"Effort" thrombosis, also called the Paget-Schroetter syndrome or primary thrombosis of the upper extremity, has been well documented in the literature. However, in our review of the United States, Canadian, and British literature, we found only 52 cases in which it was related to sports participation. We report a case ...
Groen R J - - 1989
A patient is described with myoclonic dystonia, a disorder characterized by a combination of dystonia and myoclonic contractions. A very good response to epidural cervical cord electrical stimulation was obtained. The findings in this case indicate that epidural cervical cord electrical stimulation could be a useful therapeutic approach in cases ...
Davis J W - - 1989
A subluxation of an unstable cervical spine injury occurring during swimmer's positioning is described. Based on this experience, it is recommended that the initial radiographs be obtained and reviewed without traction or swimmer's positioning. With clinical or radiographic evidence of cervical injury, bilateral oblique views, plain lateral tomography, or computerized ...
Kataoka O - - 1989
Intradural lumbar disc herniation (ILDH) is rare. Three new cases of this condition are reported, adding to the 70 previously documented cases. An incidence of ILDH in between 0.04 and 0.33 percent of lumbar disc protrusions has been reported. More than one third of ILDH were observed at L1-2 to ...
Matsumoto T - - 1989
This report describes 2 cases of the blue nevus in the uterine cervix. Both were found incidentally in biopsy specimens that had been taken for an examination of a cervical polyp (case 1) or cervical erosion (case 2). The blue nevus in a cervical polyp has been scarcely reported in ...
Solini A - - 1989
The authors report 31 cases submitted to transversectomy and uncosectomy according to the Jung and Kehr method for the treatment of vertebrobasilar insufficiency secondary to compression of the vertebral artery due to cervical uncoarthrosis. The results obtained were all classified as excellent or good. Emphasis is placed on several diagnostic ...
Barron M M - - 1989
Two cases of cervical spine fractures presenting as cardiac arrest in one case and as a coma with pneumonia and cervical osteomyelitis in the other are discussed. They demonstrate the need for careful history taking as well as a cautious approach to the cervical spine when accurate historical data are ...
Papadopoulos S M - - 1989
An uncommon cause of progressive dysphagia may be large cervical osteophytes impinging upon the cervical esophagus. Dysphagia may be due to the mechanical mass effect of a large anterior osteophyte, trapping the esophagus opposite a fixed point such as the cricoid cartilage, or a local inflammatory reaction resulting in cricopharyngeal ...
Lozes G - - 1989
The authors report their experience with 150 cases of discectomies performed with interbody grafts using a copolymer (Biocompatible Orthopedic Polymer or BOP). Made of N-Vinylpyrrolidone-Methylmethacrylate monomers, polyamide fibres and calcium gluconate. BOP is a biocompatible, biodegradable, osteoconductive matrix, easy to use and quite safe. These properties are quite well appreciated ...
Spaziante R - - 1988
Osteochondroma is about 50% of benign bone neoplasms and up to 15% of all primary tumours of the skeleton; metaphysis of long bones are more frequently involved with the spine being interested in 2.5-5% of all cases, usually pertaining to multiple osteochondromatosis, in which many areas of the skeleton are ...
Sumchai A - - 1988
The seatbelt syndrome represents a spectrum of traumatic entities reported in restrained survivors of sudden impact decelerations, who may exhibit bruising of the torso along the site of seatbelt placement. The case is presented of a patient sustaining cervical spine dislocation and quadriplegia attributed to impingement upon a 3-point attachment ...
Thivolle P - - 1988
Solitary abnormalities located within the spine from 75 bone images with Tc-99m MDP were reviewed. For the sake of convenience, patients were grouped in three classes of age: 15-50, 51-65, and 66-90 years. In 67 cases, the diagnosis was apparent from clinical studies, x-ray examinations, or biopsies. In eight cases, ...
Alvarez O - - 1988
Thoracic disk herniation is a disorder that can present clinically perplexing problems for physicians. The true incidence of thoracic disk herniation is difficult to assess with various authors reporting an incidence ranging between 0.15 and 1.8% of all disk herniations. Multiple thoracic disk herniations are rare and, to the best ...
De Bleecker J - - 1988
A case of cervical myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament is presented. This disease is rather frequent among Japanese, but rare among non-Mongolian persons. To our knowledge, this is the first published Belgian patient with a myelopathy. The clinical and radiographic data are discussed together with a ...
Herzberg A J - - 1988
We report on a 20-week fetus with manifestations similar, but not identical, to those of atelosteogenesis. The present fetus had rhizomelic micromelia with absence of ossification in the humerus, radius, ulna, and cervical and upper thoracic vertebral bodies; coronal clefts in the ossified thoracic vertebral bodies; and talipes equinovarus. The ...
Baber W W - - 1988
A case of cervical periosteal chondroma presenting with an enlarged neural foramen is described. Review of the literature showed that cervical chondromas are rare but that their characteristic clinical and computed tomographic findings aid in their diagnosis. The computed tomographic findings of two previously reported cases of cervical periosteal chondroma ...
Chan K M - - 1988
Pyogenic osteomyelitis of the spine is an uncommon disease. A series of 16 cases is reported. The site of involvement includes the lumbar, cervical, and thoracic segments, in that order of frequency of occurrence. Drug addiction and diabetes mellitus are important predisposing factors. The spectrum of clinical presentation is described. ...
Aburajab A M - - 1988
A 22-year-old Jordanian woman with enlarged cervical lymph nodes proved histologically to be suffering from necrotizing lymphadenitis; she recovered spontaneously. She had remained in good health at four years follow up. This is the first case reported from Jordan. The clinical picture, etiology, histopathology, course and differential diagnosis of the ...
Gundersen J H - - 1988
We reviewed the results of Papanicolaou smears and cervigrams obtained at the same session from 250 patients. Seven Papanicolaou smears were abnormal, and 56 cervigrams were abnormal. Fourteen cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia I and two cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III were missed by the Papanicolaou smear but identified ...
Annis J A - - 1987
This study reviews the radiographs and clinical case notes of 897 patients who attended the Accident and Emergency (A & E) Department of Leicester Royal Infirmary, over an 8-month period, for whom radiographs of the cervical spine were requested. The radiological interpretations by the casualty officers and junior radiologists in ...
Tseng P - - 1987
Microcolpohysteroscopy allows one to observe the cervix and endocervix at magnifications of 1:1-1:150. More important, it permits examination of the squamocolumnar junction when it is obscured within the endocervix. This preliminary report compares standard colposcopy with a microcolpohysteroscopy technique in 65 patients with abnormal Papanicolaou smears. Using contact microcolpohysteroscopy, the ...
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