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Results 451 - 500 of 706
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Kumar B N - - 1997
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL), or Kikuchi's disease, is a benign cause of lymph node enlargement of unknown origin. It may be mistaken for malignant lymphoma, both clinically and histologically. Though well recognized in the pathological literature few clinicians are aware of the disease. We present a case of cervical HNL ...
Plewa M C - - 1997
Acute traumatic aortic injury (ATAI) results in several characteristic chest radiographic findings, most notably mediastinal widening. This study was based on the hypothesis that blood or fluid in the widened mediastinum might track up into the neck and be detected on lateral cervical radiographs. In a blinded, retrospective, case-control review ...
Barker GM - - 1997
A neonate who had a ruptured exomphalos with a fetiform teratoma arising from the end of a long intestinal tubular duplication and a short gut is presented. The management is discussed and the literature is reviewed.
Sipilä J - - 1997
A case report of a patient with circumferential benign squamous cell papilloma of the cervical esophagus is presented. The location, appearance and symptoms of the lesion are unusual, and the etiology and treatment are discussed. The case is important for otorhinolaryngologists, because the widely used method to examine the upper ...
Majoral M - - 1997
The length of the vertebral column of 425 primates (151 prosimians, 76 platyrrhines and 198 catarrhines) was related to body mass from bibliographic sources. Regressions were calculated for the whole sample and separately for the three taxonomic groups quoted above. In parallel, the lengths of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar ...
Matsui H - - 1997
A case of lateral disc herniation in the lumbar spine which occurred soon after percutaneous discectomy is described. This is a rare complication, but in this patient it appeared that the extrusion occurred through the hole in the annulus made at the first operation.
Jerant A F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is an increasingly common cervical neoplasm that has received little attention in the primary care literature. The purpose of this paper is to describe an illustrative case that provides an excellent opportunity to review the symptoms, diagnostic pitfalls, treatment options, and prognosis of this ...
Leo L - - 1997
The role of cervical cerclage was evaluated in six pregnant women with anomalous uterus. Early prophylactic cerclage according to the Shirodkar and McDonald technique was done on all cases of uterine malformation (except septate uterus) with or without cervical incompetence in association with progesterone and antispastic therapy. Improvement in obstetrical ...
McCulloch J A - - 1996
This paper is based on a review, analysis, and discussion of the extensive literature on indications, technique, and complications of discectomy (macro and micro) for lumbar disc herniation. Outcomes for lumbar discectomy for disc herniation depend on patient selection. Short-term results of discectomy are excellent when there is agreement between ...
Coombs R J - - 1996
Chordoma is a malignant neoplasm believed to arise from notochordal remnants. It is most often found in the midline of the sacrococcygeal region (50%), skull base (35%), and the mobile spine (15%). When present in the sacral region, chordomas most often grow anteriorly. We present an unusual case of sacral ...
Jaster J H - - 1996
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report. OBJECTIVES: To present a case of cervical kyphosis after resolution of myopathic head drop. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Myopathic head drop is a severe and persistent local myopathy that never progresses beyond the neck extensor muscles. METHODS: A case is reported of a ...
Onwudike M - - 1996
This is the first reported case of isolated retropharyngeal emphysema caused by ingestion of the amphetamine derivatives "Ecstasy" and "Speed". The same complication has been reported with marihuana, cocaine, and heroin abuse. The condition resolved spontaneously and this seems to be the experience of others who have reported cases of ...
Wetzler M J - - 1996
We undertook a retrospective study to document and analyze the occurrence of cervical spinal injuries in rugby in the United States from 1970 to 1994. We studied 59 cases (average, 2.36 per year). Thirty junior-level players (50.8%) (college or high school), 28 (47.5%) men's club players, and 1 (1.7%) woman ...
Tung M Y - - 1996
A case of dysphagia caused by anterior cervical osteophytes is presented. Although dysphagia and cervical spondylosis are common presenting problems, they are often unrelated to each other. The association between the two should, therefore, be accepted with caution; adequate investigation is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis. Review of the literature showed ...
Vilke G M - - 1996
We report a case of cervical spine epidural abscess in a 50-year-old man with a 4-day history of neck pain but no neurologic deficits or fever. The patient had no predisposing risk factors such as recent spinal surgery, trauma, instrumentation, distal site of infection, immunosuppression, diabetes, or i.v. drug abuse. ...
Nocera A - - 1996
The inability to correctly position the patient may cause difficulty during oral endotracheal intubation. Examples of such circumstances include cases of suspected cervical spine injury and cases of restricted access to the patient in the prehospital environment. The Eschmann tracheal tube introducer, more commonly called the "gum elastic bougie", is ...
Xu R - - 1996
STUDY DESIGN: This study reported the histopathologic findings of peri-implant tissue harvested from two patients with titanium plate-screw fixation in the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVES: To describe and discuss the histopathologic findings with regard to local tissue response to the titanium plate-screw system in the lumbar spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ...
Giannini C - - 1996
Cases of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) that affect the axial skeleton are rare and thus information regarding its natural history, treatment, and prognosis remains limited. To characterize this lesion more fully, the authors reviewed their experience with 12 cases of PVNS of the spine (one of which had been previously ...
Torreman M - - 1996
The case of a 33-year-old woman with bilateral partial agenesis (type D) of the posterior arch of the atlas and recurrent transient quadriparesis due to contusion of the spinal cord after minor cervical trauma is described. At least some patients with type C or D congenital anomalies of the posterior ...
Sosner J - - 1996
STUDY DESIGN: Case presentation and review of pertinent literature. OBJECTIVES: To present an unusual case and alert other physicians to possible missed diagnoses. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An unusual case is presented of a young man with server psoriatic spondyloarthropathy and fusion of C2-C7 (Type II cervical psoriatic ankylosing disease) ...
Dudding N - - 1996
The management of women with mild dyskaryosis continues to be the subject of debate. The management of cases with such smears could be improved if additional morphological features were found to be indicative of low/high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Our own experience in the routine audit of the diagnostic ...
Izumoto H - - 1996
We describe herein the case of a patient in whom a median sternotomy was successfully employed for mediastinal drainage in the treatment of descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). Although most reports describe cervical or thoracotomy approaches, our experience strongly suggests that median sternotomy is a satisfactory alternative approach for treatment of ...
Cama A - - 1995
Chiari malformations are a group of anomalies particularly involving the hindbrain and cervical spinal cord. Since these malformations present many common features, we called them "Chiari Complex". After reviewing our 312 patients affected by different types of Chiari malformations we propose the following classification: Chiari I (30 cases): 1) This ...
Van Zandijcke M - - 1995
A literature survey was done to outline the natural history of cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis). The disorder starts between 25 and 60 years with head deviation or neck pain. Sometimes, there are personal or familial extrapyramidal antecedents (tremor, dystonia). The role of a preceding neck or head trauma is unsettled. ...
Maggi G - - 1995
Dumbbell neurogenic tumors are unusual in children. The authors report an extremely rare case of cervical intraspinal ganglioneuroma with a contiguous paravertebral component in an eighteen month old female patient. Both the intraspinal and the extraspinal parts of the dumbbell tumor were totally removed during the same surgical session. A ...
Agrillo U - - 1995
Cervical locked facet represent 5.6% of cervical lesion. If an identity of views is present in the use of tractions, we can't say as for the setting fixation techniques. Our cases histories (13 cases) and the experience of other authors incline us to support a precocious surgical treatment characterized by ...
Matsukuma S - - 1995
A 69 year old Japanese woman was hospitalized for emergency treatment of sudden onset of tetraplegia and somnolence. The patient had a long history of occipital pain without definite diagnosis. After admission, the patient progressively developed generalized palsy including respiratory paralysis, and died of bronchopneumonia. Autopsy revealed osteosarcoma of the ...
Ollayos C W - - 1995
Human papillomavirus is a common genital tract infection believed to be a causative agent of uterine cervical dysplasia. In a minority of cases, dysplasia progresses to squamous cell carcinoma. We reviewed the cervical smear reports for all female recruits who reported for training at Navy Recruit Training Center, Orlando, in ...
Pare M C - - 1995
The case of a 38-year-old man with delayed myelopathy 19 years after a nontreated odontoid type II fracture is reported. Magnetic resonance imaging of the craniocervical region revealed a periodontoid cicatrix. The clinical syndrome improved, and complete resolution of the retro-odontoid mass was achieved 9 months after posterior cervical fixation. ...
Sweeney P J - - 1995
This article considers the entities of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy. Beginning with a brief historical note and neuroanatomy review of the cord and nerve roots, the discussion proceeds with analysis of symptoms and signs of cervical root disease and then compressive cervical myelopathy. A discussion of diagnostic testing and a ...
Casolin A L - - 1995
We describe a 44-year-old woman with progressive cervical pain in whom plain films of the cervical spine showed only minor syndesmophyte formation when the patient first presented. However, after 5 weeks, repeat films demonstrated heavy symmetrical calcification of the cervical dorsal root ganglia. A review of the literature did not ...
Foult H - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: This study described the course of a case of massive osteolysis (Gorham's disease) of the cervical spine and discussed the literature data. OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of massive osteolysis of the cervical spine with fatal outcome and to discuss the classification of the disease among osteolysis and ...
Thompson D N - - 1995
The authors describe the clinical, radiological, and postmortem findings of a case of cloverleaf skull syndrome. The presence of hindbrain herniation, abnormal cervical segmentation, and atlantoaxial subluxation illustrate the anatomical complexity of the skull base and the craniocervical junction that may coexist in this condition. Unavoidable division of occipital emissary ...
Genaidy A M - - 1995
In recent years, there has been an increased use of back supports in US industry to reduce the frequency and concomitant costs of lower-back disorders. The obvious question is, 'Can back supports relieve the load on the lumbar spine for employees engaged in industrial operations?'. This paper is directed towards ...
Di Silverio A - - 1995
Pityriasis versicolor is a superficial mycosis that rarely afflicts children. We present a case in a 2-month-old male baby in good health, with hyper- and hypopigmented macules located in the cervical region and on the scalp, face and chest. Moreover, we report our record of cases in infancy and the ...
Vaz R M - - 1995
The authors report a unique case of cervical chordoma in a 37-year-old woman without radiological evidence of bone involvement that was found to be totally intradural at surgery. Chordomas that are entirely extrasseous and intradural are extremely rare and in most of the cases described are located near the clivus. ...
Walker J - - 1995
On the lateral cervical spine radiographs of a 60-year-old woman complaining of neck pain, diffuse hyperostosis or calcification was present anterior to the anterior arch of the atlas. CT of atlas revealed it to be bipartite and the hyperostosis to be due to hypertrophy of its anterior arch. We report ...
Nazzal M M - - 1995
Intradural disc herniation accounts for < 0.3% of all disc herniations. Intraradicular disc herniation accounts for 4.1% of all such cases. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult, and a high index of suspicion during surgery is required for the diagnosis. We present a patient with intraradicular disc herniation in the lumbar region ...
Scarpinati M - - 1995
Eosinophilic granuloma is an uncommon lesion, often self-limiting. A location in the spine is rare; until now, only 35 cases have been reported. MRI is the most effective diagnostic technique, although conventional X-ray can also be useful as a first approach. Therapy consists of immobilization of the patients, surgery and ...
Vasudeva N - - 1995
Anatomical texts allude to many variations in the foramen transversarium of the seventh cervical vertebra, including its absence, but absent foramen transversarium of the atlas vertebra has not been mentioned. This is the case report of an atlas vertebra, the transverse process of which did not exhibit this foramen on ...
Baba H - - 1995
We report 57 cases of the Klippel-Feil syndrome. Five had type I congenital cervical fusion, 48 type II and 4 type III. The symptoms and signs varied considerably. Patients with C2-C3 fusion often had symptoms associated with odontoid dysplasia and occipito-cervical instability. Twenty-one had progressive neurological symptoms and 19 were ...
Botella C - - 1994
A 55-year-old woman with a unique form of chronic hypertrophic pachymeningitis involving the posterior fossa and upper cervical spine is reported. Unlike other cases previously described, the clinical picture was dominated by signs of increased intracranial pressure, lower cranial nerve disorders, and a progressive cervical radiculomyelopathy. The diagnosis was made ...
Jeffers M D - - 1994
AIMS: To determine the pattern of p53 immunoreactivity in cervical squamous epithelium and to investigate the relation between p53 immunostaining and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. METHODS: Immunocytochemistry for p53 was performed in 65 specimens of formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded cervical tissue using a polyclonal antibody against recombinant p53. Microwave ...
Sotto A - - 1994
Spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter diversus is rare. An unusual case of bifocal cervical spondylodiscitis following transurethral prostatectomy is reported. C. diversus was detected by urinary cultures and locally by intervertebral disc puncture. Satisfactory recovery occurred after treatment with imipenem and amikacin, and then imipenem alone. Citrobacter infections are still rare ...
Kjaer I - - 1994
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the axial skeleton related to the notochord in human anencephalic fetuses in order to elucidate the pathogenesis. Fifteen second trimester fetuses were examined. The spine and the cranial base were dissected and radiographed. Comparison with normal fetuses was performed. Two patterns ...
Prasad V S - - 1994
A case of fluorotic cervical compressive myelopathy precipitated by trauma is reported. The delayed neurological deterioration was due to a posttraumatic pseudomenincocele, the prompt treatment of which resulted in recovery. Posttraumatic pseudomeningocele is very rate; and certainly so in fluorosis, and thus has not been reported in the literature to ...
Nyame P K - - 1994
Sixty-four cases of non-traumatic paraplegia in Accra, Ghana, were investigated. The commonest cause of paraplegia was tuberculosis (29.69%). Next were transverse myelitis and the Guillain-Barré syndrome, each accounting for 10.94% of cases. Parasitic causes were not seen in this study. The other important causes are neoplastic conditions (14.07%) and degenerative ...
Duthel R - - 1994
A case of an abnormal loop of the extracranial vertebral artery enlarging the intervertebral foramen at C5-C6 and the transverse foramen at C5 is reported. This occurrence is rare and was associated with cervicobrachial neuralgia caused by neurovascular compression of the C6 root. The patient was cured by microvascular decompression.
Branfoot T - - 1994
Injured motorcyclists may have a damaged and unstable cervical spine (C-spine). This paper looks at whether a helmet can be safely removed, how and when should this be done? The literature is reviewed and the recommendations of the Trauma Working party of the Joint Colleges Ambulance Liaison Committee are presented.
Hosni A A - - 1994
Cervical spine osteomyelitis is rare. Haematogenous spread is the usual method by which organisms reach the spine. A review of the English literature reveals very few reported cases of local spread of infection to the spine. Here we present the case of a 68-year-old woman with cervical spine osteomyelitis and ...
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