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Neuhold Johanna Christina JC Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, - - 2014
Childhood melanoma (ChM) is rare, with clinical and epidemiologic characteristics that differ from those of adult melanomas. The objective of the current study was to systematically identify and analyze case reports and case series of fatal and metastasizing ChM in the medical literature. ChM case reports with a fatal outcome ...
Ivy Cindy C CC Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic in Arizona, 5777 E. Mayo Boulevard, Phoenix, AZ 85054 USA ; School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering (SBHSE), Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ - - 2014
Central to the armamentarium of a hand therapist is evaluation for successful orthotic use. Orthoses can have a profound effect on quality of life in persons with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/motor neuron disease (MND). The purposes of orthoses are to decrease the effects of muscle imbalance, provide assistance in performance ...
Bustamante Alejandro A Neurovascular Research Laboratory, Vall d'Hebron Institut of Research, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Pg. Vall d'Hebron, 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, - - 2014
Stroke represents one of the major causes of disability and mortality worldwide and prediction of outcome represents a challenge for both clinicians and researchers. In the past years, many blood markers have been associated with stroke outcome but despite this evidence, no biomarker is routinely used in stroke management. In ...
Spittau Björn B Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Department of Molecular Embryology, Albert-Ludwigs-University - - 2014
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the hypoglossal canal (HCDAVFs) are rare and display a complex angiographic anatomy. Hitherto, they have been referred to as various entities (for example, "marginal sinus DAVFs") solely described in case reports or small series. In this in-depth review of HCDAVF, the authors describe clinical and ...
Forrester Joseph D JD Department of Surgery, Stanford University , Stanford, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is associated with high mortality rates. Appropriate and early antifungal therapy and prompt surgical intervention are essential. Method: Case report and literature review. Results: Nineteen case reports were reviewed describing adults with hematologic malignant tumors who developed intestinal mucormycosis and underwent surgery. The overall survival rate ...
Smith Valerie V School of Nursing & Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To survey the outcomes used in Cochrane Reviews, as part of our work within the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials Initiative. A descriptive survey of Cochrane Reviews, divided by Cochrane Review Group (CRG), published in full for the first time in 2007 and 2011. Outcomes specified in the methods ...
Shermak Michele A MA Lutherville, Md. From the Plastic Surgery Center of - - 2014
The literature has witnessed an evolution in brachioplasty technique since the procedure was introduced by Thorek in 1930. Aesthetic refinements in brachioplasty have been increasingly described in the literature, and this has paralleled the rise in the massive weight loss population. The aim of this review is to share the ...
Vavuranakis Manolis M 1st Department of Cardiology, Hippokration Hospital, Medical School, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. vavouran@otenet.gr and - - 2014
Very limited data exist on transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in the setting of a preexisting mitral prosthesis regarding the technique, potential complications, and outcomes. Here, we report two cases of transfemoral TAVI with a self-expanding bioprosthesis (CoreValve; Medtronic, Inc) in patients who had previously undergone mitral valve replacement (one ...
Ordonez Jhonny E JE Parkland Health and Hospital System, Dallas, Texas, United States - - 2014
Introduction: Exposure to the liquid nicotine solutions (LNS) IN: electronic cigarettes E-CIGS: may be dangerous because they are highly concentrated. Little is known about the impact of exposure on public health. This study describes E-CIG: exposures reported to poison centers. Methods: All E-CIG: exposures reported to Texas poison centers during ...
Ito Daisuke D Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Showa General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Outside of these high-risk regions, acute amebic appendicitis is considerably rarer and the mortality rate is much higher than with non-amebic appendicitis. A 31-year-old woman presented with fever and right lower abdominal pain with no history of traveling abroad or sexual infection. Computed tomography revealed a dilated appendix and thickened ...
Ahmad Ibrahim Ali IA Restorative Dentistry Department, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The knowledge of root canal anatomy is essential to ensure a successful outcome of surgical and nonsurgical root canal treatment. The aims of this article were to present 2 cases of maxillary molars with 3 mesiobuccal root canals and to review the available literature on this anatomic variation. The first ...
Guerin Andrea A Division of Clinical and Metabolic Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Pyridox(am)ine-5-phosphate oxidase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of pyridoxine metabolism. Intractable neonatal epileptic encephalopathy is the classical presentation. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate or pyridoxine supplementation improves symptoms. We report a patient with myoclonic and tonic seizures at the age of 1 hour. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate was started on the first day of life and ...
Lancaster K J KJ Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, - - 2014
African Americans, especially women, have higher obesity rates than the general US population. Because of the importance of faith to many African Americans, faith-based organizations (FBOs) may be effective venues for delivering health messages and promoting adoption of healthy behaviours. This article systematically reviews interventions targeting weight and related behaviours ...
Page Matthew J MJ School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Systematic reviews may be compromised by selective inclusion and reporting of outcomes and analyses. Selective inclusion occurs when there are multiple effect estimates in a trial report that could be included in a particular meta-analysis (e.g. from multiple measurement scales and time points) and the choice of effect estimate to ...
Mangaraj S S Department of Internal Medicine, Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical College, Berhampur, Odisha, - - 2014
Zygomycosis represent a group of uncommon but potentially fatal fungal infections. The incidence of zygomycosis has increased manifold in recent years. Despite aggressive treatment, it can lead to a highly invasive disease state with fatal outcomes, especially among immuno-compromised. Syncephalastrum racemosum is a fungus belonging to Zygomycetes. Very few cases ...
Kim Ki Hong KH Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic University of Daegu College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Clival chordoma is a rare intracranial neoplasm located in the clivus with bony extension and destruction. It is difficult to resect completely and generally has a poor prognosis. However, intradural clival chordomas have been reported with good surgical outcomes. We present a rare case of intradural chordoma and a review ...
de Souza Simone Lima - - 2014
Central nervous system involvement is considered a rare complication of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and so there is the risk of being overlooked. We report a case of central nervous system involvement in a 75-year-old mulatto woman with chronic lymphocytic leukemia after 5 years of follow-up and a literature review on ...
Navaie Maryam M Advance Health Solutions LLC, Boston, Massachusetts, USA - - 2014
This review examined the diagnostic approach, surgical treatment, and outcomes of cervical sympathetic chain schwannomas (CSCS) to guide clinical decision making. Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. A literature review from 1998 to 2013 identified 156 articles of which 51 representing 89 CSCS cases were evaluated in detail. Demographic, clinical, and ...
González-Moreno J J Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Son Llàtzer, Spain Autoimmune Diseases Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Spain - - 2014
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon, distinctive cutaneous ulceration which is usually idiopathic, but may be associated with many systemic disorders. The etiopathogenesis of PG is still not well understood. PG is part of the spectrum of the neutrophilic dermatoses and it has been proposed as a prototype of cutaneous ...
Liddle Morna J - - 2014
Objective :  To identify and critically appraise the literature on the psychosocial outcomes of orthognathic surgery, reflect on the clinical and theoretical implications, and suggest avenues for future research. Design :  A search of the literature was completed using the databases Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO to identify English-language ...
Park Ki-Ho KH From the Departments of *Internal Medicine, †Nuclear Medicine, and ‡Pathology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul Republic of Korea; and Departments of §Infectious Diseases and ¶Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Bone involvement is an unusual manifestation of secondary syphilis, but little information is available in the English-language literature. We carried out a systematic review of the English-language literature from 1964 to 2013, describing cases of secondary syphilis with bone involvement. We also describe a case of secondary syphilis with multiple ...
Yorifuji Takashi T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University, Faculty of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the sustained effects of emergency cerclage using slowly absorbable monofilament sutures, changes in cervical length after cerclage were evaluated in six cases. A delayed absorbable monofilament suture (1 PDS-Plus; Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) has been used for emergency cerclage after 20 weeks of gestation at Juntendo University ...
Rosso Federica F University of Study of Torino, AO Mauriziano Umberto I. Largo Turati 62, 10128, Torino, Italy, - - 2014
Osteotomies around the knee are well-recognized treatments for unloading the affected compartment in cases of lower limb malalignment. There are few papers in the literature describing the outcomes of distal femoral osteotomy (DFO), as compared with the studies reporting on high tibial osteotomy (HTO), probably because valgus malalignment is less ...
Imam Yahia Zakaria Bashier YZ Neurology Section (YZI, SK, OE, TES, YO, DD); Department of Medicine (HK), Hamad Medical Corporation; and Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (SK, OE, TES, DD), Doha, - - 2014
Diethylene glycol is a common industrial solvent which is responsible for accidental and epidemic poisoning as early as the 1930s. Due to the unavailability and unaffordability of ethanol, people in Qatar among the low income group are consuming household chemicals, some of which contain diethylene glycol, for recreational purposes.The history ...
Song Kyung-Jin KJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Biomedical Science Institute, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, - - 2014
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a safe and effective procedure for degenerative cervical spinal disease unresponsive to conservative management and its outstanding results have been reported. To increase fusion rates and decrease complications, numerous graft materials, cage, anterior plating and total disc replacement have been developed, and better ...
Srinivasan Uddanapalli Sreeramulu US Department of Neurosurgery, MIOT Hospitals, Chennai, - - 2014
It is a case series involving clinical presentation, radiological findings, surgical technique and long term outcome of Non-dysraphic intramedullary spinal cord lipomas in adults along with the review of the literature. The purpose of the study is to find out from our series as well as from literature what determines ...
Panigrahi Pradeep Kumar PK Department of Microbiology, Aditya Birla Sankara Nethralaya, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
We report a rare case of Aspergillus terreus endogenous endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent patient with subretinal abscess and also review the reported cases. A 50-year-old healthy male presented with sudden painful loss of vision in right eye. He was diagnosed with endogenous endophthalmitis and underwent urgent vitrectomy. Aspergillus terreus growth ...
Seagle Brandon-Luke L BL Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Western Connecticut Health Network, Danbury Hospital, 24 Hospital Avenue, Danbury, CT 06810, - - 2014
•Two cases of large cervical mullerian adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth or heterologous elements and contrasting survival outcomes are reported.•When the diagnosis of mullerian adenosarcoma is uncertain or suspected, review of pathology by a national expert may be considered.•Rhabdomyoblastic differentiation of mullerian adenosarcoma may be a more aggressive histologic type.
Carangelo B - - 2014
Background. Internal haemorrhagic pachymeningiosis (IHP) is a rare disease characterized by a fibrous thickening and inflammatory infiltration in dural space mimicking chronic subdural hematoma. The pathogenesis of IHP is not entirely clear yet and treatment is still controversial. Objective. We want to emphasize the importance of differentiating pachymeningiosis from chronic ...
Yaji Prabhat P Postgraduate Student, Department of General Surgery, Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences , Bellary, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly spreading progressive infection of the fascia with necrosis of the subcutaneous tissues. Primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast is extremely rare and hence we report the case of a 55-year-old woman presenting to our hospital with primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast in a state ...
Karthikeyan M K MK Department of Orthodontics, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to review the principles of case management of impacted mandibular molars and to illustrate their potential to respond well to treatment. Although the scope of treatment may be influenced by the patient's age, past dental history, severity of impaction, dentoalveolar development, and root form, ...
Halkia Evgenia E 1Surgical Clinic, Peritoneal Surface Malignancy Unit, IASO General Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a condition that has been associated with poor outcomes and up until recently was considered a terminal condition. However, recent data suggest that cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and the administration of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an effective therapeutic approach. This paper is a review of the ...
Boonsarngsuk Viboon V Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Tailandia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Penicilliosis is an opportunistic infection in HIV-infected and other immunocompromised patients mostly in Southeast Asia, Southern China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, with respiratory manifestations in about one-third of patients. We report the case of a 26-year-old non-HIV immunocompromised patient presenting with an airway obstruction caused by penicilliosis, together with a ...
Woods Erin A EA Hospital Pharmacy Resident. Alberta Health Services, Edmonton Zone, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Objective: To review the literature evaluating antiretroviral-related alopecia and to provide guidance on the differential diagnosis and management of this condition. A literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), and the Cochrane database (through May 2014). Relevant ...
Odongo Fatuma Catherine Atieno FC Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical School of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
This case report highlights a challenging clinical dilemma to administer antiretroviral therapy in a critically ill human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient who presented with multiple opportunistic infections and a non-functional gastrointestinal tract. The need for parenteral antiretroviral drug options is discussed and investigational drugs are briefly reviewed.
Lorkowski Jacek J Clinical Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior in Warsaw, - - 2014
Hip arthroplasty is widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, especially in patients with steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head. However, this procedure in HIV-seropositive patients has not been described in the Polish literature and is not considered a standard treatment. This paper presents a case study of an HIVseropositive ...
Schwenk Hayden H From the *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; †Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; ‡Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Mattel Children's Hospital, Los Angeles, CA; §Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital; ¶Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; ‖Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; **Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; ††Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by JC virus. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in HIV- and non-infected children. We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and AIDS who presented with nystagmus, dysarthria and ataxia. ...
Dorwal Pranav P Department of Pathology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PL) is a relatively new category of lymphoma, which has been considered to be found predominantly in the oral cavity and has a strong association with HIV. Case: We report a case of extraoral/mesenteric PL detected using cytological examination of ascitic fluid assisted by flow cytometric (FC) ...
B R Ashwini A Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College & RI , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Cryptococcus has been increasingly seen as a pathogen with the growing incidence of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Cryptococcosis commonly presents with pulmonary, CNS or skin involvement. Bone marrow involvement of Cryptococci has been rarely reported. We are reporting a case of bone marrow Cryptococcosis in a 50-year-old Human Immune ...
Fernandes Russell R Department of Internal Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, - - 2014
We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a history of HIV and hepatitis C who sought medical attention because of severe oedema of the lower limbs and abdomen. CT of the chest showed a thickened pericardium, and cardiac catheterisation demonstrated constrictive physiology. She underwent pericardiectomy, but the procedure ...
Mohammad Farhan F Department of Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY 10305, - - 2014
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) or body cavity lymphoma is a rare type of extra nodal lymphoma of B-cell origin that presents as lymphomatous effusion(s) without any nodal enlargement or tumor masses. It belongs to the group of AIDS related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. First described in 1996 in HIV infected individuals who ...
Wu Jia-Zhu JZ Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital Nanjing 210029, - - 2014
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an uncommon malignancy which predominantly occurs in the oral cavity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. Sporadic cases have been published describing PBL in immunocompetent patients as well as in immunodeficient patients following immunosuppressive therapy or transplantation. We hereby reported a case of PBL in a ...
Ural Ahmet A Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology. - - 2014
Verruca vulgaris (common warts) is a benign lesion of skin and mucous membranes caused by human papillomovirus (HPV). The lesions are typically self-limited but may vary in size and number. The occurrence on the tongue is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only one verruca vulgaris existing in ...
Ben Nsir Atef A 0000-0002-8539-6360 Department of Neurosurgery, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Farhat Hached Street, 5000 Monastir, - - 2014
Extradural spinal meningiomas are rare. Our understanding of purely extradural spinal meningiomas is still incomplete and they may be easily confused with malignant neoplasms, much more common in this location. We report a rare case of a purely extradural thoracic spine meningioma in a 70-year-old man, with an unusual progression. ...
Saldanha Ian J IJ Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Choice of outcomes is critical for clinical trialists and systematic reviewers. It is currently unclear how systematic reviewers choose and pre-specify outcomes for systematic reviews. Our objective was to assess the completeness of pre-specification and comparability of outcomes in all Cochrane reviews addressing four common eye conditions. We examined protocols ...
Dave Vivek Pravin VP Smt Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreoretinal Diseases, LV Prasad Eye Institute, GMR Varalakshmi Campus, Visakhapatnam, - - 2014
Endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy is a very uncommon cause of endophthalmitis. Cases reported over the last decade show a decrease in incidence over time. To optimize visual outcome, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. In this review we report a summary of the incidence of endophthalmitis following vitrectomy, various ...
Saini Pooja P Department of Public Health and Policy, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
To determine the extent and nature of selective non-reporting of harm outcomes in clinical studies that were eligible for inclusion in a cohort of systematic reviews. Cohort study of systematic reviews from two databases. Outcome reporting bias in trials for harm outcomes (ORBIT II) in systematic reviews from the Cochrane ...
Saraceni Christine - - 2013
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive variant of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The prognosis of PBL patients is poor. The majority of patients succumb to a fulminant disease course, with most dying in the first year after diagnosis. The small number of HIV-negative PBL cases reported in ...
Ghosal Samit S Nightingale Hospital, Kolkata, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
Hypoglycemia is an established complication of diabetes management. It has been related to numerous adverse outcomes including dementia, falls, cognitive dysfunction, coma, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and many more. Of all these adverse cardiovascular outcomes is the most discussed and reported complication related to hypoglycemia. There have been several mechanistic ...
Schwarze-Zander C - - 2013
The protease inhibitor (PI) ritonavir is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 activity and frequently prescribed to boost the effectiveness of other PIs as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy. It is well established that ritonavir is capable of inducing iatrogenic Cushing syndrome (ICS) through a drug-drug interaction ...
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