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Schwenk Hayden H From the *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; †Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; ‡Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Mattel Children's Hospital, Los Angeles, CA; §Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital; ¶Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; ‖Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; **Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; ††Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by JC virus. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in HIV- and non-infected children. We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and AIDS who presented with nystagmus, dysarthria and ataxia. ...
Dorwal Pranav P Department of Pathology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PL) is a relatively new category of lymphoma, which has been considered to be found predominantly in the oral cavity and has a strong association with HIV. Case: We report a case of extraoral/mesenteric PL detected using cytological examination of ascitic fluid assisted by flow cytometric (FC) ...
B R Ashwini A Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College & RI , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Cryptococcus has been increasingly seen as a pathogen with the growing incidence of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Cryptococcosis commonly presents with pulmonary, CNS or skin involvement. Bone marrow involvement of Cryptococci has been rarely reported. We are reporting a case of bone marrow Cryptococcosis in a 50-year-old Human Immune ...
Fernandes Russell R Department of Internal Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, - - 2014
We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a history of HIV and hepatitis C who sought medical attention because of severe oedema of the lower limbs and abdomen. CT of the chest showed a thickened pericardium, and cardiac catheterisation demonstrated constrictive physiology. She underwent pericardiectomy, but the procedure ...
Mohammad Farhan F Department of Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY 10305, - - 2014
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) or body cavity lymphoma is a rare type of extra nodal lymphoma of B-cell origin that presents as lymphomatous effusion(s) without any nodal enlargement or tumor masses. It belongs to the group of AIDS related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. First described in 1996 in HIV infected individuals who ...
Saraceni Christine - - 2013
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive variant of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The prognosis of PBL patients is poor. The majority of patients succumb to a fulminant disease course, with most dying in the first year after diagnosis. The small number of HIV-negative PBL cases reported in ...
Schwarze-Zander C - - 2013
The protease inhibitor (PI) ritonavir is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 activity and frequently prescribed to boost the effectiveness of other PIs as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy. It is well established that ritonavir is capable of inducing iatrogenic Cushing syndrome (ICS) through a drug-drug interaction ...
Hauptman Aaron - - 2013
There is considerable literature on the neuropsychiatric effects of antiretrovirals. This is the first case, to our knowledge, of new-onset obsessive-compulsive symptoms correlated with emtricitabine/tenofovir, a commonly prescribed HIV prophylaxis combination. We describe the case of a woman, who developed upsetting obsessive thoughts following initiation of this pharmacotherapy and include ...
Delgado-Alvarado Manuel - - 2013
Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a syndrome described in patients with low counts of CD4 cells and no other causes for immunosuppression. A few cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have been described in association with this entity. There is no effective treatment for any of them, and the clinical ...
Tiong Ing Soo - - 2013
We report a case of Epstein-Barr-virus-(EBV-) positive primary cutaneous plasmablastic lymphoma in a human-immunodeficiency-virus-(HIV-) negative, immunocompetent 62-year-old female patient. We postulate that her lymphoma development is due to the longstanding use of pyrimethamine for essential thrombocythemia. This has never been described in the literature.
Saba Nakhle S - - 2013
Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). While classically associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), cases of PBL in immunocompetent patients have been increasingly described. PBL shares common morphological and immunohistochemical features with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and multiple myeloma (MM). Due to ...
Aigner B - - 2013
Palmoplantar erythrodysesthesia is an uncommon localised cutaneous reaction to certain chemotherapeutic agents and characterized by painful palmoplantar erythema and dysesthesia. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of plantar erythrodysesthesia in a 40-year-old male patient receiving an antiretroviral combination therapy for HIV.
Dinardo Andrew R AR Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2013
Toxoplasma encephalitis immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TE-IRIS) is rare and usually occurs in an unmasking, rather than paradoxical form. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of paradoxical TE-IRIS and nine cases of unmasking TE-IRIS have been previously described. We present two additional cases of histopathology-consistent paradoxical TE-IRIS, ...
van Ramshorst Mette S MS Anova Health Institute, Khutso Kurhula Project, Johannesburg, South - - 2013
Prepubertal gynecomastia is a rare condition and most frequently classified as idiopathic. In HIV-infected adults gynecomastia is a recognised but infrequent side-effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and mostly attributed to efavirenz use. Gynecomastia should be distinguished from pseudogynecomastia as part of the lipodystrophy syndrome caused by Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors ...
Prohaska Emily S - - 2012
Purpose Case reports and other published or manufacturer-provided data on the administration of antiretroviral agents through enteral feeding tubes are reviewed. Summary There is very limited published evidence to guide clinicians in the delivery of therapies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by feeding tubes, especially crushed tablets and capsule ...
Gollard Russell - - 2012
Factor X inhibitors are rare. The few cases documented in the literature have occurred after viral prodromes, in association with cancer, or after exposure to antibiotics. Acquired factor X deficiencies are also rare and their etiology is largely unknown. We report a new case of a factor X inhibitor and ...
Martin Angela - - 2012
For women who have a fetal demise with an abdominal cerclage in place, route of uterine evacuation is a clinical dilemma. We review a case of a second trimester loss in the setting of an abdominal cerclage in an HIV positive woman. We provide other clinician's experience and management strategies ...
- - 2012
Three cases of focal symmetrical encephalomalacia diagnosed in calves Diffuse fibrosing alveolitis diagnosed in an adult cow Review of abortion in sheep Erysipelas septicaemia in outdoor-reared piglets Fine sawdust bedding associated with pneumonia in layer chicks These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for May from SAC ...
Takač Iztok - - 2012
Subinvolution of placental bed vessels, a well-recognized cause of postpartum and postabortal hemorrhage, is defined with prolonged or excessive uterine hemorrhage beginning after the delivery or abortion. Although physiological changes in uteroplacental parts of spiral arteries are well known, the sequence of events in involution of these vessels is not ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2012
We report a challenging case of a huge gangrenous prolapsed cervical leiomyoma in a multiparous HIV positive lady. A 37-year-old para 3 lady presented with a progressively increasing irreducible mass protruding out per vaginam, 3 months duration of heavy menses, and symptoms of a urinary tract infection. We performed a ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review case reports of hepatic hematoma/rupture in women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. METHODS: MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS databases were searched for case reports of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia with hepatic hematoma/rupture. Only articles written in English, Spanish, French, or Portuguese and published between 1990 and 2010 were reviewed. RESULTS: In total, 180 cases ...
Pinto Evelin - - 2012
Objective: To report the outcomes from two cases of ovarian stimulation following the sole administration of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in the context of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design: A case study was conducted. Setting: National Referral Unit of Reproductive Medicine. Patients: Two infertile women undergoing IVF participated in the ...
Leff D R - - 2012
Aim  A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to examine reported cases of stump appendicitis (SA) to determine the relationship between SA and the original operative strategy (open vs laparoscopic), and to evaluate the clinical features and diagnosis. Method  A Pub-med search was conducted to identify cases of appendicitis ...
Nigam Aruna A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, Delhi 110001, - - 2012
Genital prolapse is commonly observed in postmenopausal and multiparous women, However, nulliparous women contribute to 2% of prevalence. We report a case of 21-year-old female who presented with a large nabothian cyst contributing to prolapse. This is the first case reported in the literature.
Swank H A - - 2011
Aim  Histopathological examination of the appendix after appendectomy is routinely performed. The object of this systematic review is to determine whether routine histopathological examination of the appendix is justified. Method  PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane library were searched without language restriction up to 1 October 2009. All ...
de Vet E - - 2011
An extensive body of research exists on environmental influences on weight-related behaviours in young people. Existing reviews aimed to synthesize this body of work, but generally focused on specific samples, behaviours or environmental influences and integration of findings is lacking. Hereto, we reviewed 18 reviews representing 671 unique studies, aiming ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2011
The occurrence of an inhibitor against coagulation factor V (FV) is a rare but challenging condition, which may span from asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities to potentially life-threatening bleeding. The onset of FV inhibitors has been associated most frequently in the past with the patients' exposure to topical bovine thrombin administered during ...
Hodges Laura J LJ University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2011
What do we mean by a 'psychological intervention' in the context of cancer care? It is critical to know what treatments are included under this term, if data from diverse treatment trials are to be summarized in order to inform clinical practice. We, therefore, aimed to determine how the term ...
Prasad Ganesh - - 2011
The treatment of discal cysts is controversial, with different surgical options described in the literature. We present an interesting case of spontaneous resolution of a symptomatic discal cyst. Based on our case report, we recommend non-operative management in the first instance and an up-to-date MRI scan before contemplating surgery.
Juneja Manish - - 2011
The present report describes a case of a lingual cyst lined by a respiratory epithelium occurring in a 1-year-old girl. The article also reviews the cases published in the literature under the heading of lingual cysts and segregates all the cases having predominant respiratory epithelium as the cystic lining. Reclassification, ...
Guerrero M E - - 2011
This review evaluates the evidence for the diagnostic efficacy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for impacted teeth and associated features. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched using specific indexing terms and reference lists were hand searched. Two reviewers selected relevant publications on the basis of pre-determined inclusion ...
Teh B M - - 2011
Background:Paratracheal air-filled cysts are rare. Tracheocoele or acquired tracheal diverticulum is the term given to these acquired abnormalities, which usually arise in adults. The majority is asymptomatic, being discovered as incidental findings on radiological imaging.Methods:We report the case of a 72-year-old man with a previously identified tracheocoele which became symptomatic ...
Kaguelidou Florentia - - 2011
: Ciprofloxacin has no marketing authorization for use in neonates worldwide but it is prescribed for the treatment of neonatal life-threatening infections, mainly in developing countries and in Europe. Given the concerns about its toxicity in this population and the necessity for its use in specific clinical situations, we conducted ...
Kamlesh Yadav - - 2011
Parvovirus B19 is the etiologic agent of erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), a fever-rash illness occurring in childhood. We present a 10 month old child with high grade fever for 10 days, generalized tonic-clonic seizure, bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, generalized maculopapular rash, hematemesis and malena. Bone marrow aspiration and liver biopsy were ...
Eton David T - - 2011
Interest in the efficacy and potential deleterious consequences of treatment with erythropoietic-stimulating agents (ESAs) is very high. Recently, the ESAs have come under intense scrutiny as several clinical trials have shown their use to be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis, and a concern for increased mortality risk in ...
Kim Tad - - 2011
Round ligament tumors are rare, and when found are typically leiomyomas. Herein is described a case of an epidermoid cyst of the round ligament, previously reported only once in the literature. Epidermoid cysts are similar to dermoid tumors but have only an epidermis-lined structure filled with keratin. Management included laparoscopic ...
Li Jing-Yi - - 2011
Objectives. To evaluate the reporting quality of published randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the Tai Chi literature following the publication of the CONSORT guidelines in 2001. Data Sources. The OVID MEDLINE and PUBMED databases. Review Methods. To survey the general characteristics of Tai Chi RCTs in the literature, we included ...
Sobota A - - 2011
Thalassemia is a chronic, inherited blood disorder, which, in its most severe form, causes life-threatening anemia. Advances in treatment have led to increased life expectancy however the need for chronic blood transfusions and chelation therapy remains a significant burden for patients. Our study compared health related quality of life (HRQOL) ...
de Andrade Márcia - - 2012
As the lateral periodontal cyst (LPC) is an unusual odontogenic cyst, most papers are single case reports or series with a limited number of cases, with few large series. The aim of this study is to report an additional case of LPC, emphasizing the clinical, radiographic, and histopathological features, differential ...
Denagamage T - - 2010
A systematic review approach was used to evaluate the association between sub-therapeutic antibiotics in feed and Salmonella Typhimurium isolation in market-weight finisher swine raised in modern swine production systems. Fourteen challenge trials described the efficacy of different antibiotics after challenge with S. Typhimurium. The studies identified were of limited evidentiary ...
Thomas Mark V - - 2010
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Systematic review on the effect of rinsing with povidone-iodine during nonsurgical therapy. Sahrmann P, Puhan MA, Attin T, Scmidlin PR. J Periodontal Res 2010;45:153-64. REVIEWER: Mark V. Thomas, DMD. PURPOSE/QUESTION: In patients with chronic periodontitis, does intrasulcular irrigation with povidone-iodine (PVP-I) offer an adjunctive benefit ...
Batchelor J M - - 2010
This review summarizes clinically important findings from nine systematic reviews of the causes, treatment and prevention of atopic eczema (AE) published between August 2008 and August 2009. Two systematic reviews concluded that there is a strong and consistent association between filaggrin (FLG) mutations and development of eczema. The associations between ...
Lerner Fred - - 2010
The value of a systematic review or meta-analysis depends upon the care with which it is designed and conducted. A major factor in this is the literature search that identifies the articles to be reviewed. Careful selection of bibliographic databases and the use of well-designed search strategies based on the ...
Macdonald-Jankowski D S - - 2010
The aims of the review were to evaluate the principal clinical and conventional radiographic features of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) by systematic review (SR), and to compare the frequency of OOC between four global groups. The databases searched were the PubMed interface of MEDLINE and LILACS. Only those reports of ...
Brundage Michael - - 2011
To assess the patterns of, and trends over time in, health-related quality of life (HRQL) reporting in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The English-language literature of RCTs published in 2002-2008 was identified using Medline, Embase, and Healthstar databases, in addition to the Cochrane Clinical Trials Registry. Eligible trials were phase III ...
Sayre Michael R - - 2010
In summary, the evidence review process has attempted to provide a systematic review of the scientific literature using a priori defined methods. The details and steps of the literature review are transparent and replicable. External opinions and community critique are highly valued, and the final products represent the combined labor ...
Abduo J - - 2010
The aim of this study is to review all the published literature investigating the accuracy of fit of zirconia fixed partial dentures (FPD). A comprehensive electronic search was performed through PubMed (MEDLINE) using Boolean operators to combine the following key words: 'zirconia,''margin,''FPD,''internal,''fit,''gap,''fitting surface,''bridge' and 'fixed prosthesis.' The search was limited ...
Cho Eujin - - 2010
Milia are small, white, benign keratinous cysts that are frequently encountered. Multiple eruptive milia are rare, and are characterized by the development of milia that are more extensive in number and distribution than would be expected in primary milia. We report a case of a 19-year-old girl with tiny, white ...
Perrier Laure - - 2011
Systematic reviews have the potential to inform clinical decisions, yet little is known about the impact of interventions on increasing the use of systematic reviews in clinical decision-making. To systematically review the evidence on the impact of interventions for seeking, appraising, and applying evidence from systematic reviews in decision-making by ...
Shamliyan Tatyana - - 2010
High-quality epidemiologic research is essential in reducing chronic diseases. We analyzed the quality of systematic reviews of observational nontherapeutic studies. We searched several databases for systematic reviews of observational nontherapeutic studies that examined the prevalence of or risk factors for chronic diseases and were published in core clinical journals from ...
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