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Lancaster K J KJ Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, - - 2014
African Americans, especially women, have higher obesity rates than the general US population. Because of the importance of faith to many African Americans, faith-based organizations (FBOs) may be effective venues for delivering health messages and promoting adoption of healthy behaviours. This article systematically reviews interventions targeting weight and related behaviours ...
de Souza Simone Lima - - 2014
Central nervous system involvement is considered a rare complication of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and so there is the risk of being overlooked. We report a case of central nervous system involvement in a 75-year-old mulatto woman with chronic lymphocytic leukemia after 5 years of follow-up and a literature review on ...
- - 2014
The input of clinicians is encouraged to allow identification of important covariates (covariate = predictor of the outcome of the study, that is continuous) that in turn might inform clinical decision-making.
Navaie Maryam M Advance Health Solutions LLC, Boston, Massachusetts, USA - - 2014
This review examined the diagnostic approach, surgical treatment, and outcomes of cervical sympathetic chain schwannomas (CSCS) to guide clinical decision making. Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. A literature review from 1998 to 2013 identified 156 articles of which 51 representing 89 CSCS cases were evaluated in detail. Demographic, clinical, and ...
González-Moreno J J Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Son Llàtzer, Spain Autoimmune Diseases Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Spain - - 2014
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon, distinctive cutaneous ulceration which is usually idiopathic, but may be associated with many systemic disorders. The etiopathogenesis of PG is still not well understood. PG is part of the spectrum of the neutrophilic dermatoses and it has been proposed as a prototype of cutaneous ...
Liddle Morna J - - 2014
Objective :  To identify and critically appraise the literature on the psychosocial outcomes of orthognathic surgery, reflect on the clinical and theoretical implications, and suggest avenues for future research. Design :  A search of the literature was completed using the databases Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO to identify English-language ...
Park Ki-Ho KH From the Departments of *Internal Medicine, †Nuclear Medicine, and ‡Pathology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul Republic of Korea; and Departments of §Infectious Diseases and ¶Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Bone involvement is an unusual manifestation of secondary syphilis, but little information is available in the English-language literature. We carried out a systematic review of the English-language literature from 1964 to 2013, describing cases of secondary syphilis with bone involvement. We also describe a case of secondary syphilis with multiple ...
Lopez-Fernandez O O Universitat de Barcelona, - - 2014
Potentially addictive mobile phone use has been studied scientifically during the last decade; however, very few revisions have been done with this recent cyberaddiction. A review has been prepared to observe conceptualizations commonly used defining facets on mobile phone dysfunctional use, and especially its measurement through valid psychometric tools. A ...
Rosso Federica F University of Study of Torino, AO Mauriziano Umberto I. Largo Turati 62, 10128, Torino, Italy, - - 2014
Osteotomies around the knee are well-recognized treatments for unloading the affected compartment in cases of lower limb malalignment. There are few papers in the literature describing the outcomes of distal femoral osteotomy (DFO), as compared with the studies reporting on high tibial osteotomy (HTO), probably because valgus malalignment is less ...
Imam Yahia Zakaria Bashier YZ Neurology Section (YZI, SK, OE, TES, YO, DD); Department of Medicine (HK), Hamad Medical Corporation; and Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (SK, OE, TES, DD), Doha, - - 2014
Diethylene glycol is a common industrial solvent which is responsible for accidental and epidemic poisoning as early as the 1930s. Due to the unavailability and unaffordability of ethanol, people in Qatar among the low income group are consuming household chemicals, some of which contain diethylene glycol, for recreational purposes.The history ...
Song Kyung-Jin KJ Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Biomedical Science Institute, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, - - 2014
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a safe and effective procedure for degenerative cervical spinal disease unresponsive to conservative management and its outstanding results have been reported. To increase fusion rates and decrease complications, numerous graft materials, cage, anterior plating and total disc replacement have been developed, and better ...
Srinivasan Uddanapalli Sreeramulu US Department of Neurosurgery, MIOT Hospitals, Chennai, - - 2014
It is a case series involving clinical presentation, radiological findings, surgical technique and long term outcome of Non-dysraphic intramedullary spinal cord lipomas in adults along with the review of the literature. The purpose of the study is to find out from our series as well as from literature what determines ...
Carangelo B - - 2014
Background. Internal haemorrhagic pachymeningiosis (IHP) is a rare disease characterized by a fibrous thickening and inflammatory infiltration in dural space mimicking chronic subdural hematoma. The pathogenesis of IHP is not entirely clear yet and treatment is still controversial. Objective. We want to emphasize the importance of differentiating pachymeningiosis from chronic ...
Yaji Prabhat P Postgraduate Student, Department of General Surgery, Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences , Bellary, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly spreading progressive infection of the fascia with necrosis of the subcutaneous tissues. Primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast is extremely rare and hence we report the case of a 55-year-old woman presenting to our hospital with primary necrotising fasciitis of the breast in a state ...
Karthikeyan M K MK Department of Orthodontics, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to review the principles of case management of impacted mandibular molars and to illustrate their potential to respond well to treatment. Although the scope of treatment may be influenced by the patient's age, past dental history, severity of impaction, dentoalveolar development, and root form, ...
Boonsarngsuk Viboon V Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Tailandia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Penicilliosis is an opportunistic infection in HIV-infected and other immunocompromised patients mostly in Southeast Asia, Southern China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, with respiratory manifestations in about one-third of patients. We report the case of a 26-year-old non-HIV immunocompromised patient presenting with an airway obstruction caused by penicilliosis, together with a ...
Woods Erin A EA Hospital Pharmacy Resident. Alberta Health Services, Edmonton Zone, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Objective: To review the literature evaluating antiretroviral-related alopecia and to provide guidance on the differential diagnosis and management of this condition. A literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), and the Cochrane database (through May 2014). Relevant ...
Odongo Fatuma Catherine Atieno FC Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical School of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
This case report highlights a challenging clinical dilemma to administer antiretroviral therapy in a critically ill human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient who presented with multiple opportunistic infections and a non-functional gastrointestinal tract. The need for parenteral antiretroviral drug options is discussed and investigational drugs are briefly reviewed.
Lorkowski Jacek J Clinical Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior in Warsaw, - - 2014
Hip arthroplasty is widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, especially in patients with steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head. However, this procedure in HIV-seropositive patients has not been described in the Polish literature and is not considered a standard treatment. This paper presents a case study of an HIVseropositive ...
Schwenk Hayden H From the *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; †Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; ‡Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Mattel Children's Hospital, Los Angeles, CA; §Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital; ¶Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; ‖Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA; **Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; ††Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by JC virus. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported in HIV- and non-infected children. We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and AIDS who presented with nystagmus, dysarthria and ataxia. ...
Dorwal Pranav P Department of Pathology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PL) is a relatively new category of lymphoma, which has been considered to be found predominantly in the oral cavity and has a strong association with HIV. Case: We report a case of extraoral/mesenteric PL detected using cytological examination of ascitic fluid assisted by flow cytometric (FC) ...
B R Ashwini A Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College & RI , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Cryptococcus has been increasingly seen as a pathogen with the growing incidence of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Cryptococcosis commonly presents with pulmonary, CNS or skin involvement. Bone marrow involvement of Cryptococci has been rarely reported. We are reporting a case of bone marrow Cryptococcosis in a 50-year-old Human Immune ...
Fernandes Russell R Department of Internal Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, - - 2014
We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a history of HIV and hepatitis C who sought medical attention because of severe oedema of the lower limbs and abdomen. CT of the chest showed a thickened pericardium, and cardiac catheterisation demonstrated constrictive physiology. She underwent pericardiectomy, but the procedure ...
Mohammad Farhan F Department of Internal Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY 10305, - - 2014
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) or body cavity lymphoma is a rare type of extra nodal lymphoma of B-cell origin that presents as lymphomatous effusion(s) without any nodal enlargement or tumor masses. It belongs to the group of AIDS related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. First described in 1996 in HIV infected individuals who ...
Wu Jia-Zhu JZ Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital Nanjing 210029, - - 2014
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an uncommon malignancy which predominantly occurs in the oral cavity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. Sporadic cases have been published describing PBL in immunocompetent patients as well as in immunodeficient patients following immunosuppressive therapy or transplantation. We hereby reported a case of PBL in a ...
Ural Ahmet A Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology. - - 2014
Verruca vulgaris (common warts) is a benign lesion of skin and mucous membranes caused by human papillomovirus (HPV). The lesions are typically self-limited but may vary in size and number. The occurrence on the tongue is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only one verruca vulgaris existing in ...
Saraceni Christine - - 2013
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive variant of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The prognosis of PBL patients is poor. The majority of patients succumb to a fulminant disease course, with most dying in the first year after diagnosis. The small number of HIV-negative PBL cases reported in ...
Schwarze-Zander C - - 2013
The protease inhibitor (PI) ritonavir is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 activity and frequently prescribed to boost the effectiveness of other PIs as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy. It is well established that ritonavir is capable of inducing iatrogenic Cushing syndrome (ICS) through a drug-drug interaction ...
Hauptman Aaron - - 2013
There is considerable literature on the neuropsychiatric effects of antiretrovirals. This is the first case, to our knowledge, of new-onset obsessive-compulsive symptoms correlated with emtricitabine/tenofovir, a commonly prescribed HIV prophylaxis combination. We describe the case of a woman, who developed upsetting obsessive thoughts following initiation of this pharmacotherapy and include ...
Delgado-Alvarado Manuel - - 2013
Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a syndrome described in patients with low counts of CD4 cells and no other causes for immunosuppression. A few cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have been described in association with this entity. There is no effective treatment for any of them, and the clinical ...
Tiong Ing Soo - - 2013
We report a case of Epstein-Barr-virus-(EBV-) positive primary cutaneous plasmablastic lymphoma in a human-immunodeficiency-virus-(HIV-) negative, immunocompetent 62-year-old female patient. We postulate that her lymphoma development is due to the longstanding use of pyrimethamine for essential thrombocythemia. This has never been described in the literature.
Saba Nakhle S - - 2013
Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). While classically associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), cases of PBL in immunocompetent patients have been increasingly described. PBL shares common morphological and immunohistochemical features with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and multiple myeloma (MM). Due to ...
Aigner B - - 2013
Palmoplantar erythrodysesthesia is an uncommon localised cutaneous reaction to certain chemotherapeutic agents and characterized by painful palmoplantar erythema and dysesthesia. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of plantar erythrodysesthesia in a 40-year-old male patient receiving an antiretroviral combination therapy for HIV.
Dinardo Andrew R AR Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2013
Toxoplasma encephalitis immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TE-IRIS) is rare and usually occurs in an unmasking, rather than paradoxical form. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of paradoxical TE-IRIS and nine cases of unmasking TE-IRIS have been previously described. We present two additional cases of histopathology-consistent paradoxical TE-IRIS, ...
van Ramshorst Mette S MS Anova Health Institute, Khutso Kurhula Project, Johannesburg, South - - 2013
Prepubertal gynecomastia is a rare condition and most frequently classified as idiopathic. In HIV-infected adults gynecomastia is a recognised but infrequent side-effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and mostly attributed to efavirenz use. Gynecomastia should be distinguished from pseudogynecomastia as part of the lipodystrophy syndrome caused by Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors ...
Rodríguez Carolina C Universidad del Valle. Hospital Universitario del Valle. Department of Internal Medicine. Cali, Colombia. - - 2013
We, herein, describe an HIV-positive patient with toxoplasmosis of the spinal cord. We also carried out a comprehensive literature review of this topic, with emphasis on the diagnostic tools and therapeutic approach.
Prohaska Emily S - - 2012
Purpose Case reports and other published or manufacturer-provided data on the administration of antiretroviral agents through enteral feeding tubes are reviewed. Summary There is very limited published evidence to guide clinicians in the delivery of therapies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by feeding tubes, especially crushed tablets and capsule ...
Gollard Russell - - 2012
Factor X inhibitors are rare. The few cases documented in the literature have occurred after viral prodromes, in association with cancer, or after exposure to antibiotics. Acquired factor X deficiencies are also rare and their etiology is largely unknown. We report a new case of a factor X inhibitor and ...
Martin Angela - - 2012
For women who have a fetal demise with an abdominal cerclage in place, route of uterine evacuation is a clinical dilemma. We review a case of a second trimester loss in the setting of an abdominal cerclage in an HIV positive woman. We provide other clinician's experience and management strategies ...
- - 2012
Three cases of focal symmetrical encephalomalacia diagnosed in calves Diffuse fibrosing alveolitis diagnosed in an adult cow Review of abortion in sheep Erysipelas septicaemia in outdoor-reared piglets Fine sawdust bedding associated with pneumonia in layer chicks These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for May from SAC ...
Takač Iztok - - 2012
Subinvolution of placental bed vessels, a well-recognized cause of postpartum and postabortal hemorrhage, is defined with prolonged or excessive uterine hemorrhage beginning after the delivery or abortion. Although physiological changes in uteroplacental parts of spiral arteries are well known, the sequence of events in involution of these vessels is not ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2012
We report a challenging case of a huge gangrenous prolapsed cervical leiomyoma in a multiparous HIV positive lady. A 37-year-old para 3 lady presented with a progressively increasing irreducible mass protruding out per vaginam, 3 months duration of heavy menses, and symptoms of a urinary tract infection. We performed a ...
Vigil-De Gracia Paulino - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review case reports of hepatic hematoma/rupture in women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. METHODS: MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS databases were searched for case reports of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia with hepatic hematoma/rupture. Only articles written in English, Spanish, French, or Portuguese and published between 1990 and 2010 were reviewed. RESULTS: In total, 180 cases ...
Pinto Evelin - - 2012
Objective: To report the outcomes from two cases of ovarian stimulation following the sole administration of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in the context of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design: A case study was conducted. Setting: National Referral Unit of Reproductive Medicine. Patients: Two infertile women undergoing IVF participated in the ...
Leff D R - - 2012
Aim  A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to examine reported cases of stump appendicitis (SA) to determine the relationship between SA and the original operative strategy (open vs laparoscopic), and to evaluate the clinical features and diagnosis. Method  A Pub-med search was conducted to identify cases of appendicitis ...
Nigam Aruna A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, Delhi 110001, - - 2012
Genital prolapse is commonly observed in postmenopausal and multiparous women, However, nulliparous women contribute to 2% of prevalence. We report a case of 21-year-old female who presented with a large nabothian cyst contributing to prolapse. This is the first case reported in the literature.
Swank H A - - 2011
Aim  Histopathological examination of the appendix after appendectomy is routinely performed. The object of this systematic review is to determine whether routine histopathological examination of the appendix is justified. Method  PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane library were searched without language restriction up to 1 October 2009. All ...
de Vet E - - 2011
An extensive body of research exists on environmental influences on weight-related behaviours in young people. Existing reviews aimed to synthesize this body of work, but generally focused on specific samples, behaviours or environmental influences and integration of findings is lacking. Hereto, we reviewed 18 reviews representing 671 unique studies, aiming ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2011
The occurrence of an inhibitor against coagulation factor V (FV) is a rare but challenging condition, which may span from asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities to potentially life-threatening bleeding. The onset of FV inhibitors has been associated most frequently in the past with the patients' exposure to topical bovine thrombin administered during ...
Hodges Laura J LJ University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2011
What do we mean by a 'psychological intervention' in the context of cancer care? It is critical to know what treatments are included under this term, if data from diverse treatment trials are to be summarized in order to inform clinical practice. We, therefore, aimed to determine how the term ...
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