Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 913
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Kyzas Panayiotis A - - 2008
PURPOSE: The amount and quality of research evidence in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) journals have never been evaluated. The current study aims to empirically assess the evidence available in this literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main (Database 1) and neighboring (Database 2) journals of OMFS were manually screened over ...
Gill Joanna R - - 2009
Pacing as an intervention appears with great regularity in the chronic pain management literature and yet what service providers actually mean by pacing is unclear and poorly defined. This short communication reports the findings of a structured review of the literature which examined the strength of the evidence for pacing ...
Hopewell Sally - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess how information about adverse events is included in systematic reviews. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We included all new Cochrane reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSRs) and all new reviews (2003--2004) in the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DAREs) in Issue 1 ...
Mrkobrada Marko - - 2008
Systematic reviews of clinical studies aim to compile best available evidence for various diagnosis and treatment options. This study assessed the methodologic quality of all systematic reviews relevant to the practice of nephrology published in 2005. We searched electronic databases (Medline, Embase, American College of Physicians Journal Club, Cochrane) and ...
Weder Natalie D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To write an up-to-date review paper on catatonia using published literature. METHODS: This review involved a search using the terms "catatonia," "stupor," "catatonic schizophrenia" and "catalepsy" in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Medline database and EMBASE and PsychINFO. Additional use was made of these databases in searching ...
Brodell Lindsey A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the pathogenesis of chronic urticaria (excluding physical urticaria). DATA SOURCES: PubMed was searched using the keywords urticaria and either chronic or autoimmune or pathogenesis for articles published from January 1972 to June 2007. All searches were limited to the English language. References from review ...
Harrold Leslie R - - 2008
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is not commonly associated with hematologic abnormalities. We report the first case of pancytopenia as the presenting symptom of PAN. There was no associated malignancy or reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (RHS) to explain the findings. The patient, after successful treatment of PAN, subsequently developed RHS a few years ...
McGarry Anthony - - 2008
This review aims to determine how head shape is measured and describes the use of orthoses in the management of deformational plagiocephaly. A systematic review was conducted and papers published in English up to and including 2006 were sourced from nine databases. After initial screening, 20 papers were included; three ...
Schneider Jennifer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of fatal colon cancer in a young, previously healthy woman 4 years after repeated ovarian stimulation for egg donation, review previous publications on the risks of ovarian stimulation, and make recommendations for further egg donor follow-up, research, and actions by professional associations and regulatory ...
Carey Timothy S - - 2008
Systematic reviews have become a common method of synthesizing literature to examine the comparative effectiveness of medical interventions. Groups such as the Cochrane Collaboration and the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) conduct dozens of such reviews each year. However, these documents are often hundreds of pages long ...
Finckh Axel - - 2008
Properly conducted meta-analyses that are based on systematic reviews of the literature allow the conclusive synthesis of accumulating scientific evidence. Systematic reviews, with or without meta-analyses, offer a more objective appraisal of the available evidence compared with traditional narrative reviews. Combining data from independent studies using meta-analytic methods can improve ...
Ivarsson Ann-Britt - - 2008
The aims of this study were to explore the intended meaning of the terms "occupation", "activity", "doing", and "task" used in international occupational therapy literature and from this perspective explore which Swedish terms best capture these meanings. A literature review of occupational therapy-related journals was performed to gain a basic ...
Slevin Eamonn - - 2008
This article presents the findings from a literature review related to community learning disability teams (CLDTs). Much of the existing literature on CLDTs is inspirational, theoretical or opinion based rather than evidence based. It was considered that current knowledge is insufficient to allow a systematic review; therefore a structured review ...
Kulkarni Kunal - - 2008
This review is based on Pubmed, Medline and Internet literature searches, supplemented by knowledge from textbooks, conference presentations, and personal communications with experts in the field of hearing restoration and patients. We have not specifically selected a time limit for our literature searches; however, the majority are articles from the ...
Grigg, Richard W
Present occurrence of the coral genus Acropora in Hawaii has long been questioned. This paper reviews the scientific literature concerning this controversy and presents the results of a recent resource survey of the entire Hawaiian Archipelago that clearly establishes the presence of three species of Acropora in Hawaii. These species ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The reporting of the search methods used in systematic reviews has implications for how systematic reviews are critically appraised, their reproducibility and how easily they may be updated. The objective of this paper was to identify validated or evaluated search reporting instruments used in reporting systematic review searches and ...
Revankar Sanjay G - - 2008
Terbinafine is the only systemic allylamine antifungal currently available. Its mechanism of action is unique and sets it apart from other agents. Although it is primarily used for dermatophyte infections, such as onychomycosis and tinea pedis, terbinafine has broad in vitro activity against a variety of non-dermatophyte fungal pathogens, including ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2008
The objective of this review was to evaluate and summarize the current literature on the unlicensed use of the novel agent recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in the management of major postpartum hemorrhage. After a systematic electronic search without temporal limits on MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID and SCOPUS, the bibliographic references ...
Fleming P S - - 2008
The literature is becoming replete with systematic reviews of orthodontic-related topics. However, their findings have not been appraised and summarised collectively. METHODS: Systematic reviews related to orthodontics published between 1 January 2000, and 31 January 2007 were identified and reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty-one orthodontic systematic reviews were identified in the defined ...
Grimes David A - - 2008
In part because of limited public access, Cochrane reviews are underused in the United States compared with other developed nations. To assess use of these reviews by opinion leaders, we examined citation of Cochrane reviews in the Clinical Expert Series of Obstetrics & Gynecology from inception through June of 2007. ...
Welsh Alec - - 2008
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is emerging as a novel therapy for the treatment of life or fertility-threatening post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) unresponsive to standard therapy that in some cases may prevent the need for peripartum hysterectomy. The level of evidence to date for use of rFVIIa in PPH is limited ...
Jin Jing - - 2008
To explore and evaluate the most common factors causing therapeutic non-compliance. A qualitative review was undertaken by a literature search of the Medline database from 1970 to 2005 to identify studies evaluating the factors contributing to therapeutic non-compliance. A total of 102 articles was retrieved and used in the review ...
Hall Sue S Complementary Medicine Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, UK. - - 2008
Kinesiology is a diagnostic, therapeutic complementary therapy utilising subtle change in manual muscle testing results to evaluate the body's energetic balance and select healing modalities. Anecdotal evidence suggests kinesiology is helpful, therefore we wished to critically review the literature. (1) To ascertain if diagnostic accuracy including inter-examiner reliability has been ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2008
The Cochrane Library is published quarterly. Issue 1, 2008, contains 3,385 complete reviews, 1,786 protocols for reviews in production, and 7,048 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 527,000 randomized controlled trials, and 10,000 cited papers in the Cochrane methodology ...
Wark Peter - - 2008
Acute bronchitis, with transient inflammation of the trachea and major bronchi, affects over 40/1000 adults a year in the UK. The causes are usually considered to be infective, but only around half of people have identifiable pathogens. The role of smoking or of environmental tobacco smoke inhalation in predisposing to ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2008
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 4 2007 contains 3298 complete reviews, 1755 protocols for reviews in production and 6761 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are citations of 522,000 randomized controlled trials and 10,000 cited papers in ...
Langenberg Christoph - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is the most common trigger of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients; understanding the structural changes associated with its occurrence is therefore important. Accordingly, we systematically reviewed the literature to assess current knowledge on the histopathology of septic AKI. METHODS: A systematic review of the MEDLINE, ...
Walker Sarah L - - 2008
Cholangiocarcinoma is a serious but common complication of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) that is often difficult to diagnose. The aim of this study was to conduct an evidence based radiology review of the diagnostic modalities used to identify cholangiocarcinoma in patients with PSC. A systematic review of the current best ...
Pope Janet Elizabeth - - 2008
Raynaud's phenomenon is an episodic vasospasm of the peripheral arteries, causing pallor followed by cyanosis and redness with pain and sometimes paraesthesia. On rare occasions it can lead to ulceration of the fingers and toes (and in some cases of the ears or nose). This review focuses on primary (idiopathic) ...
Johnstone Prof Paul - - 2008
Scabies is a common public health problem, with an estimated prevalence of 300 million cases worldwide, the majority in resource-poor countries. In industrialised countries, it is most common in institutionalised communities. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the ...
Thilander B - - 2008
The aim was to give a systematic review of alternative orthodontic space closure and implant placement in young adults with missing teeth. A literary search was made in the MEDLINE (Pub Med) database from 1990 to 2007. Totally 146 articles were found. Only studies in the English language or other ...
Eastwood Sarah - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The literature regarding the management of factitious disorder (FD) is diverse and generally of case reports or case series. To date there has been no systematic review of the effectiveness of management techniques. METHODS: Systematic review of all evidence reporting the management and subsequent outcome in FD. Data were ...
Scully Cbe Crispian - - 2008
Halitosis can be caused by oral disease, or by respiratory tract conditions such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, and bronchiectasis, but an estimated 40% of affected individuals have no underlying organic disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects ...
Manríquez Juan Jorge - - 2008
Skin disorders associated with photodamage from ultraviolet light include wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, tactile roughness, and telangiectasia, and are more common in people with white compared with other skin types. Wrinkles are also associated with aging, hormonal status, smoking, and intercurrent disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed ...
Sarma Dandapantula N - - 2008
Green tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze] is the fourth most commonly used dietary supplement in the US. Recently, regulatory agencies in France and Spain suspended market authorization of a weight-loss product containing green tea extract because of hepatotoxicity concerns. This was followed by publication of adverse event case reports involving ...
Afshar K - - 2008
There are many ongoing controversies surrounding vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). These include variable aspects of this common congenital anomaly. Lack of evidence-based recommendations has prolonged the debate. Systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analysis (MA) are considered high-level evidence. The purpose of this review article is to summarize and critically appraise the available ...
Ah-See Kim - - 2008
Acute sinusitis is defined pathologically, by transient inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses lasting less than 4 weeks. Clinically, it is characterised by nasal congestion, rhinorrhoea, facial pain, hyposmia, sneezing, and, if more severe, additional malaise and fever. It affects 1-5% of the adult population each year ...
Bond Gary R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment for clients with severe mental illness has been described as a standardization of evidence-based supported employment. Although several reviews on the literature on its effectiveness have been conducted, the completion of several new studies suggests an updated review is ...
Herxheimer Andrew - - 2008
Jet lag affects most air travellers crossing five or more time zones; it tends to be worse on eastward than on westward flights. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of interventions to prevent or minimise jet ...
Tranulis Constantin - - 2008
Combination antipsychotic prescription is an increasingly common practice in clinical psychiatry. This clinical practice is at odds with clinical guidelines promoting antipsychotic monotherapy. Moreover, there has been increased concern over the safety profile of atypical antipsychotics in the last 10-15 years. We reviewed the literature on antipsychotic combinations with a ...
de Bruyn Guy - - 2008
An estimated 4000 million cases of diarrhoea occurred worldwide in 1996, resulting in 2.5 million deaths. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments for acute diarrhoea in adults living in resource-rich countries? What are the ...
Watt Amber - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This review assessed current practice in the preparation of rapid reviews by health technology assessment (HTA) organizations, both internationally and in the Australian context, and evaluated the available peer-reviewed literature pertaining to the methodology used in the preparation of these reviews. METHODS: A survey tool was developed and distributed ...
Purdy Sarah - - 2008
Acne vulgaris affects over 80% of teenagers, and persists beyond the age of 25 years in 3% of men and 12% of women. Typical lesions of acne include comedones, inflammatory papules, and pustules. Nodules and cysts occur in more severe acne and can cause scarring and psychological distress. METHODS AND ...
Herrick Ariane - - 2008
Raynaud's phenomenon is episodic vasospasm of the peripheral vessels, causing pallor followed by cyanosis and redness with pain and sometimes paraesthesia, and, rarely, ulceration of the fingers and toes. It presents as episodic colour changes of the digits, usually in response to cold exposure or stress. The classic triphasic colour ...
Dib Elie G - - 2008
Some of the earliest case reports describing individual patients afflicted with cancer can be traced all the way back to the papyrus records of Ancient Egyptian medicine of approximately 1600 B.C.. Throughout the centuries physicians have continued the practice of writing case reports. Case reporting has provided significant advances in ...
ten Hacken Nick - - 2008
Bronchiectasis is usually a complication of previous lower respiratory infection, and causes chronic cough and copious production of sputum, which is often purulent. Bronchiectasis may cause signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It can also be associated with cystic fibrosis and other congenital disorders, foreign body inhalation, and other causes ...
Kok Marjolein - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical factors that influence the estimates of clinicians of the success of an external cephalic version(ECV), and the subsequent management decisions made by clinicians. DESIGN: We constructed 16 fictional vignettes of women with a term fetus in breech position eligible for ECV. Setting. Secondary and tertiary ...
Soll Roger F - - 2008
Maintaining updated systematic reviews is one of the key goals of the Cochrane Collaboration. Reviews are meant to be updated at an interval of no more than 2 years. The Cochrane Neonatal Review (CNRG) is one of the most productive contributors to the Cochrane Collaboration. However, this means that the ...
Hajioff Daniel - - 2008
Otitis externa is thought to affect 10% of people at some stage, and can present in acute, chronic, or necrotising forms. Otitis externa may be associated with eczema of the ear canal, and is more common in swimmers, humid environments, people with absence of ear wax or with narrow ear ...
Javadpour Mohsen - - 2008
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may arise spontaneously or as a result of trauma. Spontaneous SAH accounts for about 5% of all strokes. Ruptured aneurysms are the cause of 85% of spontaneous SAH. The most characteristic clinical feature is sudden-onset severe headache. Other features include vomiting, photophobia, and focal neurological deficit or ...
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