Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 944
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McClelland Shearwood S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative wound infection (PWI) after intracranial neurosurgery remains a significant worldwide problem, resulting in substantial morbidity/mortality if not combatted quickly and energetically. Although the danger of PWI is universally recognized, the reported incidence of PWI after intracranial neurosurgery remains variable, ranging from 1% to 8% in published series. The ...
Chou Roger - - 2010
Comparative effectiveness reviews (CERs) are systematic reviews that evaluate evidence on alternative interventions to help clinicians, policy makers, and patients make informed treatment choices. Reviews should assess harms and benefits to provide balanced assessments of alternative interventions. Identifying important harms of treatment and quantifying the magnitude of any risks require ...
Van Meter Woodford S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature to evaluate the safety of overnight orthokeratology (OOK) for the treatment of myopia. METHODS: Repeated searches of peer-reviewed literature were conducted in PubMed (limited to the English language) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (no language limitations) for 2005, 2006, and 2007. ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2009
Many trials of acupuncture and numerous systematic reviews have recently become available. Their conclusions are far from uniform. In an attempt to find the most reliable type of evidence, this article provides an overview of Cochrane reviews of acupuncture. Such reviews were studied, their details extracted, and they were categorized ...
Tandon Sankalap - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is used to diagnose masses presenting in the head and neck region. No systematic review of FNAC in this group has yet been performed. METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature and meta-analysis of data extracted from the included studies were compared with a ...
Birknes John K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review and define principles and features of treatment for adult degenerative scoliosis, the most common cause of adult spinal deformities. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature and our clinical experience. METHODS: A systematic review of Medline was conducted, including journal articles published in March ...
Palmer R M - - 2008
AIM: To review the scientific preclinical background and clinical studies of current methods of periodontal regeneration in the treatment of infrabony defects and soft tissue deficiencies. METHOD: Five commissioned review papers including two systematic reviews were scrutinized by a group of experts in order to derive consensus conclusions, clinical relevance/implications ...
Bender Ralf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the problem of multiple comparisons in systematic reviews and to provide some guidelines on how to deal with it in practice. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We describe common reasons for multiplicity in systematic reviews, and present some examples. We provide guidance ...
Morgan A G - - 2008
To review recent dental child case reports to determine: 1 the main focus of the paper; 2 perceived contribution to the dental literature and, 3 involvement of the child. Systematic review. Case reports published between 2000 and 2005 were identified using Medline via Ovid and Embase databases. Papers were reviewed ...
Belsey J - - 2009
Background  Screening colonoscopy exposes healthy patients to the risk of serious adverse events associated with bowel preparation. Randomized controlled trials are not an effective method for evaluating this risk. Aim  To search published literature in order to characterize the risk of adverse events associated with oral polyethylene glycol (PEG) or ...
Lewiecki E Michael - - 2008
The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) periodically convenes Position Development Conferences (PDCs) in order to establish standards and guidelines for the assessment of skeletal health. The most recent Adult PDC was held July 20-22, 2007, in Lansdowne, Virginia, USA; the first Pediatric PDC was June 20-21, 2007 in Montreal, ...
Fernández Antonio B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all published case reports and the US Food and Drug Administration adverse event reporting (FDA-AER) database to examine the relationship between statins and interstitial lung disease (ILD). DATA SOURCES: PubMed (1987 to September 2007) and the FDA-AER database (as of June 2007) were searched for reports ...
Nybo Mads - - 2008
Anaphylactic reactions caused by injection of protamine sulfate during cardiac surgery are a well-known complication. A systematic literature review was therefore conducted to gather evidence of the knowledge concerning these side effects, and to see if any prospective randomized studies supported this. Studies investigating the effect of protamine sulfate in ...
Poulsen Sven - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a disease primarily affecting amelogenesis, but other aberrations have been reported. The purposes of this review were: (1) to identify other anomalies associated with AI, and (2) to describe the impact of the disease and its associated conditions on the oral health-related quality of life ...
Cook David A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Medical education instructional methods typically imply one 'best' management approach. Our objectives were to develop and evaluate an intervention to enhance residents' appreciation for the diversity of acceptable approaches when managing complex patients. METHODS: A total of 124 internal medicine residents enrolled in a randomised, crossover trial. Residents completed ...
Zafar Atif - - 2008
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common cause of blindness among the working age group in the developed world. To identify potentially treatable DR, systematic screening is recommended. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies in DR screening. METHODS: We conducted ...
Ozkan Banu - - 2008
The aim of this study is to systematically review the published literature on pharmacotherapy for inappropriate sexual behaviors in dementia. Literature search of the 5 databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and COCHRANE collaboration) and the analysis of the data available for the pharmacotherapeutic treatments of inappropriate sexual behaviors in dementia ...
Folkes Amy - - 2008
The revised Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement recognizes the importance of including data so that readers are able to judge the reliability or relevance of randomized controlled trial (RCT) findings. However, it is unclear whether journals consistently report the pre-randomization information necessary to assess the general applicability of ...
Mahady Gail B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Black cohosh [Actaea racemosa L., formerly Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt.] is a botanical used mainly for the management of menopausal symptoms. Recently, regulatory agencies in Australia, Canada, and the European Union have released statements regarding the "potential association" between black cohosh and hepatotoxicity. In response, the Dietary Supplement Information ...
Cagidiaco Maria C - - 2008
PURPOSE: This literature review aimed to find answers to relevant questions regarding the clinical outcome of endontically treated teeth restored with fiber posts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All clinical studies published since 1990 in journals indexed in MEDLINE were retrieved by searching PubMed with the query terms "fiber posts and clinical ...
Hoek M R - - 2008
SUMMARYWe performed a systematic review to estimate the effectiveness of vaccination, in addition to chemoprophylaxis, in preventing meningococcal disease among household contacts. Medline, EMBASE, EMGM, and EUIBIS were used for data collection. Studies reporting on at least 100 primary cases and on subsequent cases in household settings with follow-up of ...
Bergqvist D - - 2008
AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. ...
Nolan Karen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Inpatient aggression is poorly documented in official records. Video technology can improve detection, but is labor-intensive and costly. We examined the effectiveness of interventions to improve reporting on a secure inpatient research unit equipped with audio/video surveillance. METHOD: Systematic review of all video recorded during a six-week period in ...
Myburgh Corrie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproducibility of manual palpation in identifying trigger points based on a systematic review of available literature. DATA SOURCES: Medline (1965-2007), CINHAL (1982-2007), ISI Web of Science (1945-2007), and MANTIS (1966-2007) databases and reference lists of articles. STUDY SELECTION: Reproducibility studies relating to identification and diagnosis of ...
Morgan Matt - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of alternative therapies for chronic urticaria refractory to first-line treatments in an evidence-based manner. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE searches were performed cross-referencing urticaria with the names of multiple therapies. Articles were then reviewed for additional citations. Articles published after 1950 were considered. STUDY SELECTION: All articles, ...
Dubuske Lawrence M LM Consultant in Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Clinical Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2008
Levocetirizine, a recent, second-generation oral antihistamine, was approved by the US FDA in May 2007 to treat symptoms of allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. To review the economic literature for levocetirizine. Two reviewers conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify abstracts that met the inclusion criteria. Abstracts ...
Whitlock Evelyn P - - 2008
Systematic reviewers increasingly must decide whether and how to incorporate existing systematic reviews into complex systematic reviews that are commissioned to support clinical guideline development or for other health policy uses. To date, however, this issue has been largely unexamined. Reviewers seeking to incorporate existing reviews into new reviews face ...
Snell Deborah L - - 2009
Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is common and results in persisting disability for a minority of cases. Evidence guiding clinical management of this more complex group is lacking. This study systematically reviews psychological/neuropsychological treatments for adults with MTBI, with an emphasis on external validity. A total of 8 further studies ...
Graham James E JE Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-1137, USA. - - 2008
To provide a systematic review and describe how assessments of walking speed are reported in the health care literature. MEDLINE electronic database and bibliographies of select articles were searched for terms describing walking speed and distances walked. The search was limited to English language journals from 1996 to 2006. The ...
Morgan Matt - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of alternative therapies for chronic urticaria refractory to first-line treatments in an evidence-based manner. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE searches were performed cross-referencing urticaria with the names of multiple therapies. Articles were then reviewed for additional citations. Articles published after 1950 were considered. STUDY SELECTION: All articles, ...
Weiss Albert A - - 2008
The 2007 Meeting on Upper Limb in Tetraplegia in Philadelphia provided an opportunity to explore individual and regional differences in surgeons' preferences in tetraplegic upper limb reconstruction. Reports were heard from New Zealand, Canada, Asia, Australia, and Europe. Most presenters attempted to gather data from across their regions. Each reporter ...
Kyzas Panayiotis A - - 2008
PURPOSE: The amount and quality of research evidence in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) journals have never been evaluated. The current study aims to empirically assess the evidence available in this literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The main (Database 1) and neighboring (Database 2) journals of OMFS were manually screened over ...
Gill Joanna R - - 2009
Pacing as an intervention appears with great regularity in the chronic pain management literature and yet what service providers actually mean by pacing is unclear and poorly defined. This short communication reports the findings of a structured review of the literature which examined the strength of the evidence for pacing ...
Hopewell Sally - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess how information about adverse events is included in systematic reviews. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We included all new Cochrane reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSRs) and all new reviews (2003--2004) in the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DAREs) in Issue 1 ...
Mrkobrada Marko - - 2008
Systematic reviews of clinical studies aim to compile best available evidence for various diagnosis and treatment options. This study assessed the methodologic quality of all systematic reviews relevant to the practice of nephrology published in 2005. We searched electronic databases (Medline, Embase, American College of Physicians Journal Club, Cochrane) and ...
Weder Natalie D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To write an up-to-date review paper on catatonia using published literature. METHODS: This review involved a search using the terms "catatonia," "stupor," "catatonic schizophrenia" and "catalepsy" in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Medline database and EMBASE and PsychINFO. Additional use was made of these databases in searching ...
Brodell Lindsey A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the pathogenesis of chronic urticaria (excluding physical urticaria). DATA SOURCES: PubMed was searched using the keywords urticaria and either chronic or autoimmune or pathogenesis for articles published from January 1972 to June 2007. All searches were limited to the English language. References from review ...
Harrold Leslie R - - 2008
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is not commonly associated with hematologic abnormalities. We report the first case of pancytopenia as the presenting symptom of PAN. There was no associated malignancy or reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (RHS) to explain the findings. The patient, after successful treatment of PAN, subsequently developed RHS a few years ...
McGarry Anthony - - 2008
This review aims to determine how head shape is measured and describes the use of orthoses in the management of deformational plagiocephaly. A systematic review was conducted and papers published in English up to and including 2006 were sourced from nine databases. After initial screening, 20 papers were included; three ...
Schneider Jennifer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of fatal colon cancer in a young, previously healthy woman 4 years after repeated ovarian stimulation for egg donation, review previous publications on the risks of ovarian stimulation, and make recommendations for further egg donor follow-up, research, and actions by professional associations and regulatory ...
Carey Timothy S - - 2008
Systematic reviews have become a common method of synthesizing literature to examine the comparative effectiveness of medical interventions. Groups such as the Cochrane Collaboration and the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) conduct dozens of such reviews each year. However, these documents are often hundreds of pages long ...
Finckh Axel - - 2008
Properly conducted meta-analyses that are based on systematic reviews of the literature allow the conclusive synthesis of accumulating scientific evidence. Systematic reviews, with or without meta-analyses, offer a more objective appraisal of the available evidence compared with traditional narrative reviews. Combining data from independent studies using meta-analytic methods can improve ...
Ivarsson Ann-Britt - - 2008
The aims of this study were to explore the intended meaning of the terms "occupation", "activity", "doing", and "task" used in international occupational therapy literature and from this perspective explore which Swedish terms best capture these meanings. A literature review of occupational therapy-related journals was performed to gain a basic ...
Slevin Eamonn - - 2008
This article presents the findings from a literature review related to community learning disability teams (CLDTs). Much of the existing literature on CLDTs is inspirational, theoretical or opinion based rather than evidence based. It was considered that current knowledge is insufficient to allow a systematic review; therefore a structured review ...
Kulkarni Kunal - - 2008
This review is based on Pubmed, Medline and Internet literature searches, supplemented by knowledge from textbooks, conference presentations, and personal communications with experts in the field of hearing restoration and patients. We have not specifically selected a time limit for our literature searches; however, the majority are articles from the ...
Grigg, Richard W
Present occurrence of the coral genus Acropora in Hawaii has long been questioned. This paper reviews the scientific literature concerning this controversy and presents the results of a recent resource survey of the entire Hawaiian Archipelago that clearly establishes the presence of three species of Acropora in Hawaii. These species ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The reporting of the search methods used in systematic reviews has implications for how systematic reviews are critically appraised, their reproducibility and how easily they may be updated. The objective of this paper was to identify validated or evaluated search reporting instruments used in reporting systematic review searches and ...
Revankar Sanjay G - - 2008
Terbinafine is the only systemic allylamine antifungal currently available. Its mechanism of action is unique and sets it apart from other agents. Although it is primarily used for dermatophyte infections, such as onychomycosis and tinea pedis, terbinafine has broad in vitro activity against a variety of non-dermatophyte fungal pathogens, including ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2008
The objective of this review was to evaluate and summarize the current literature on the unlicensed use of the novel agent recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in the management of major postpartum hemorrhage. After a systematic electronic search without temporal limits on MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID and SCOPUS, the bibliographic references ...
Fleming P S - - 2008
The literature is becoming replete with systematic reviews of orthodontic-related topics. However, their findings have not been appraised and summarised collectively. METHODS: Systematic reviews related to orthodontics published between 1 January 2000, and 31 January 2007 were identified and reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty-one orthodontic systematic reviews were identified in the defined ...
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