Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 915
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Jackson Daniel L DL GE Healthcare, Pollards Wood, Nightingales Lane, Chalfont St, Giles, Bucks, HP8 4SP, UK. - - 2009
Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are generally sedated for prolonged periods. Over-sedation and under-sedation both have negative effects on patient safety and resource use. We conducted a systematic review of the literature in order to establish the incidence of sub-optimal sedation (both over- and under-sedation) in ICUs. We searched ...
Song Fujian F Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ. - - 2009
To investigate basic assumptions and other methodological problems in the application of indirect comparison in systematic reviews of competing healthcare interventions. Survey of published systematic reviews. Inclusion criteria Systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2007 in which an indirect approach had been explicitly used. Identified reviews were assessed for comprehensiveness ...
Little Carol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are currently a number of different methods available to obtain anaesthesia in minor dermatological procedures. Although intradermal infiltration of 1% lidocaine is the favoured method for anaesthesia induction in laceration repair, it can cause significant pain in itself. Topical anaesthesia has been investigated as an alternative to infiltration ...
Fung Anne E - - 2009
To evaluate the quality of reporting in the neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD) literature by applying the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement writing standards. CONSORT and STROBE impact analysis; literature review. Phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of ...
Mulhall John P - - 2009
PURPOSE: The contemporary literature pertaining to erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy was evaluated. The limitations of this literature are discussed and recommendations are made for the reporting of erectile function outcomes after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE literature search was conducted in February 2008 to review English language ...
Rubenstein L V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Stakeholders in quality improvement agree on the need for augmenting and synthesising the scientific literature supporting it. The diversity of perspectives, approaches, and contexts critical to advancing quality improvement science, however, creates challenges. The paper explores the heterogeneity in clinical quality improvement intervention (QII) publications. METHODS: A preliminary classification ...
Lawrence D W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess what is lost if only one literature database is searched for articles relevant to injury prevention and safety promotion (IPSP) topics. METHOD: Serial textword (keyword, free-text) searches using multiple synonym terms for five key IPSP topics (bicycle-related brain injuries, ethanol-impaired driving, house fires, road rage, and suicidal ...
Waksman Javier C - - 2008
Rosiglitazone is an effective therapy for type 2 diabetes although concerns have grown about the incidence of oedema and cardiovascular adverse events in patients treated with the drug. The following review was conducted to evaluate further and complement the evidence linking rosiglitazone with an increased risk for cardiovascular adverse events ...
Matzinger Oscar - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: EORTC trial 22991 was designed to evaluate the addition of concomitant and adjuvant short-term hormonal treatments to curative radiotherapy in terms of disease-free survival for patients with intermediate risk localized prostate cancer. In order to assess the compliance to the 3D conformal radiotherapy protocol guidelines, all participating centres were ...
Tseng Timothy Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop and apply a standardized evaluation form for assessing the methodological and reporting quality of observational studies of surgical interventions in urology. METHODS: An evaluation standard was developed using the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials statement and previously reported surgical reporting quality instruments. Consensus scoring among three reviewers ...
Roundtree Aimee Kendall - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of reviews about etanercept (ETN) and infliximab (IFX), two biologic treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive, systematic review, including searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and other electronic databases and hand-searches for published and unpublished literature. Two raters independently examined each article and identified ...
Mullan Rebecca J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Author contact can enhance the quality of systematic reviews. We conducted a systematic review of the practice of author contact in recently published systematic reviews to characterize its prevalence, quality, and results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Eligible studies were systematic reviews of efficacy published in 2005-2006 in the 25 ...
Smith Valerie V School of Nursing & Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2009
The aim of this paper is to identify reviews of interventions for preventing and treating preterm birth so that these could be appraised and the findings from good quality reviews highlighted. Reviews, rather than individual studies, are the basis for this systematic review because of the proliferation of reviews and ...
Wolf Dennis M - - 2009
To compare the citation indices of original articles and case reports in otolaryngology journals and thereby determine whether case reports are of less interest and possibly of academically inferior value to original articles. All articles in two reputable UK otolaryngology journals (Clinical Otolaryngology and Journal of Laryngology and Otology) for ...
Govender P - - 2008
AIMS: The purpose of this study online is to evaluate whether online submission of papers to a peer reviewed journal is more efficient than hard copy submission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study covering a 12-month period was performed. With the help of the editorial office of a selected radiologic ...
Pandurangi Anand K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the prevalence of polypharmacy with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in clinical practice, pharmacological reasons for such practice, and the evidence for and against such polypharmacy. METHODS: Clinical trial reports, case reports, and reviews were identified by a PubMed literature search from 1966 ...
Borrelli Francesca - - 2008
Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) is used most often to treat symptoms that can occur during menopause. However, in the last years, several concerns regarding its safety have been voiced. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the clinical evidence for or against the safety of black cohosh. Systematic ...
Kelly Len - - 2008
ABSTRACTOBJECTIVETo describe the scope, content, and organization of commonly used medical databases and search strategies, using a search of the topic aboriginal to illustrate the various ways the topic is covered in each of the databases.DESIGNComparison of literature searches.METHODSeven common medical databases were searched using all the MeSH terms that ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios - - 2008
The reported incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is 7-30% per annum in cirrhotic patients. Timely diagnosis and treatment is crucial to reduce mortality owing to this infection. Recently, leucocyte esterase reagent strips have been tested in the diagnosis of infection in the ascitic fluid. The objective was to evaluate ...
DasGupta Ranan - - 2009
The use of botulinum toxin in paediatric urology has become increasingly widespread during recent years; however, the evidence base for its clinical use has been from adult urology centres and trials. The mechanism of action of this potent neurotoxin is discussed and evidence for its efficacy and safety is reviewed ...
Yuan J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the difference in acupuncture treatment regimens for low back pain (LBP) among textbooks, clinical studies and clinical practice, and explore reasons for such differences. METHODS: A systematic review of textbooks, surveys, clinical studies (randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and case studies) published in English or Chinese, was conducted, ...
McClelland Shearwood S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative wound infection (PWI) after intracranial neurosurgery remains a significant worldwide problem, resulting in substantial morbidity/mortality if not combatted quickly and energetically. Although the danger of PWI is universally recognized, the reported incidence of PWI after intracranial neurosurgery remains variable, ranging from 1% to 8% in published series. The ...
Chou Roger - - 2010
Comparative effectiveness reviews (CERs) are systematic reviews that evaluate evidence on alternative interventions to help clinicians, policy makers, and patients make informed treatment choices. Reviews should assess harms and benefits to provide balanced assessments of alternative interventions. Identifying important harms of treatment and quantifying the magnitude of any risks require ...
Van Meter Woodford S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature to evaluate the safety of overnight orthokeratology (OOK) for the treatment of myopia. METHODS: Repeated searches of peer-reviewed literature were conducted in PubMed (limited to the English language) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (no language limitations) for 2005, 2006, and 2007. ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2009
Many trials of acupuncture and numerous systematic reviews have recently become available. Their conclusions are far from uniform. In an attempt to find the most reliable type of evidence, this article provides an overview of Cochrane reviews of acupuncture. Such reviews were studied, their details extracted, and they were categorized ...
Tandon Sankalap - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is used to diagnose masses presenting in the head and neck region. No systematic review of FNAC in this group has yet been performed. METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature and meta-analysis of data extracted from the included studies were compared with a ...
Birknes John K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review and define principles and features of treatment for adult degenerative scoliosis, the most common cause of adult spinal deformities. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature and our clinical experience. METHODS: A systematic review of Medline was conducted, including journal articles published in March ...
Palmer R M - - 2008
AIM: To review the scientific preclinical background and clinical studies of current methods of periodontal regeneration in the treatment of infrabony defects and soft tissue deficiencies. METHOD: Five commissioned review papers including two systematic reviews were scrutinized by a group of experts in order to derive consensus conclusions, clinical relevance/implications ...
Bender Ralf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the problem of multiple comparisons in systematic reviews and to provide some guidelines on how to deal with it in practice. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We describe common reasons for multiplicity in systematic reviews, and present some examples. We provide guidance ...
Morgan A G - - 2008
To review recent dental child case reports to determine: 1 the main focus of the paper; 2 perceived contribution to the dental literature and, 3 involvement of the child. Systematic review. Case reports published between 2000 and 2005 were identified using Medline via Ovid and Embase databases. Papers were reviewed ...
Belsey J - - 2009
Background  Screening colonoscopy exposes healthy patients to the risk of serious adverse events associated with bowel preparation. Randomized controlled trials are not an effective method for evaluating this risk. Aim  To search published literature in order to characterize the risk of adverse events associated with oral polyethylene glycol (PEG) or ...
Lewiecki E Michael - - 2008
The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) periodically convenes Position Development Conferences (PDCs) in order to establish standards and guidelines for the assessment of skeletal health. The most recent Adult PDC was held July 20-22, 2007, in Lansdowne, Virginia, USA; the first Pediatric PDC was June 20-21, 2007 in Montreal, ...
Fernández Antonio B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all published case reports and the US Food and Drug Administration adverse event reporting (FDA-AER) database to examine the relationship between statins and interstitial lung disease (ILD). DATA SOURCES: PubMed (1987 to September 2007) and the FDA-AER database (as of June 2007) were searched for reports ...
Nybo Mads - - 2008
Anaphylactic reactions caused by injection of protamine sulfate during cardiac surgery are a well-known complication. A systematic literature review was therefore conducted to gather evidence of the knowledge concerning these side effects, and to see if any prospective randomized studies supported this. Studies investigating the effect of protamine sulfate in ...
Poulsen Sven - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a disease primarily affecting amelogenesis, but other aberrations have been reported. The purposes of this review were: (1) to identify other anomalies associated with AI, and (2) to describe the impact of the disease and its associated conditions on the oral health-related quality of life ...
Cook David A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Medical education instructional methods typically imply one 'best' management approach. Our objectives were to develop and evaluate an intervention to enhance residents' appreciation for the diversity of acceptable approaches when managing complex patients. METHODS: A total of 124 internal medicine residents enrolled in a randomised, crossover trial. Residents completed ...
Zafar Atif - - 2008
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common cause of blindness among the working age group in the developed world. To identify potentially treatable DR, systematic screening is recommended. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies in DR screening. METHODS: We conducted ...
Ozkan Banu - - 2008
The aim of this study is to systematically review the published literature on pharmacotherapy for inappropriate sexual behaviors in dementia. Literature search of the 5 databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and COCHRANE collaboration) and the analysis of the data available for the pharmacotherapeutic treatments of inappropriate sexual behaviors in dementia ...
Folkes Amy - - 2008
The revised Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement recognizes the importance of including data so that readers are able to judge the reliability or relevance of randomized controlled trial (RCT) findings. However, it is unclear whether journals consistently report the pre-randomization information necessary to assess the general applicability of ...
Mahady Gail B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Black cohosh [Actaea racemosa L., formerly Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt.] is a botanical used mainly for the management of menopausal symptoms. Recently, regulatory agencies in Australia, Canada, and the European Union have released statements regarding the "potential association" between black cohosh and hepatotoxicity. In response, the Dietary Supplement Information ...
Cagidiaco Maria C - - 2008
PURPOSE: This literature review aimed to find answers to relevant questions regarding the clinical outcome of endontically treated teeth restored with fiber posts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All clinical studies published since 1990 in journals indexed in MEDLINE were retrieved by searching PubMed with the query terms "fiber posts and clinical ...
Hoek M R - - 2008
SUMMARYWe performed a systematic review to estimate the effectiveness of vaccination, in addition to chemoprophylaxis, in preventing meningococcal disease among household contacts. Medline, EMBASE, EMGM, and EUIBIS were used for data collection. Studies reporting on at least 100 primary cases and on subsequent cases in household settings with follow-up of ...
Bergqvist D - - 2008
AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. ...
Nolan Karen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Inpatient aggression is poorly documented in official records. Video technology can improve detection, but is labor-intensive and costly. We examined the effectiveness of interventions to improve reporting on a secure inpatient research unit equipped with audio/video surveillance. METHOD: Systematic review of all video recorded during a six-week period in ...
Myburgh Corrie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproducibility of manual palpation in identifying trigger points based on a systematic review of available literature. DATA SOURCES: Medline (1965-2007), CINHAL (1982-2007), ISI Web of Science (1945-2007), and MANTIS (1966-2007) databases and reference lists of articles. STUDY SELECTION: Reproducibility studies relating to identification and diagnosis of ...
Morgan Matt - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of alternative therapies for chronic urticaria refractory to first-line treatments in an evidence-based manner. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE searches were performed cross-referencing urticaria with the names of multiple therapies. Articles were then reviewed for additional citations. Articles published after 1950 were considered. STUDY SELECTION: All articles, ...
Dubuske Lawrence M LM Consultant in Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Clinical Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2008
Levocetirizine, a recent, second-generation oral antihistamine, was approved by the US FDA in May 2007 to treat symptoms of allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. To review the economic literature for levocetirizine. Two reviewers conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify abstracts that met the inclusion criteria. Abstracts ...
Whitlock Evelyn P - - 2008
Systematic reviewers increasingly must decide whether and how to incorporate existing systematic reviews into complex systematic reviews that are commissioned to support clinical guideline development or for other health policy uses. To date, however, this issue has been largely unexamined. Reviewers seeking to incorporate existing reviews into new reviews face ...
Snell Deborah L - - 2009
Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is common and results in persisting disability for a minority of cases. Evidence guiding clinical management of this more complex group is lacking. This study systematically reviews psychological/neuropsychological treatments for adults with MTBI, with an emphasis on external validity. A total of 8 further studies ...
Graham James E JE Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-1137, USA. - - 2008
To provide a systematic review and describe how assessments of walking speed are reported in the health care literature. MEDLINE electronic database and bibliographies of select articles were searched for terms describing walking speed and distances walked. The search was limited to English language journals from 1996 to 2006. The ...
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