Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 936
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Dijkers Marcel P J M - - 2009
Reviews offer examinations of published material on a topic, and are becoming indispensable in keeping up with an exponentially growing rehabilitation literature. Adherents of the systematic reviews that support evidence-based practice have been quite dismissive of narrative (traditional, qualitative, and nonsystematic) reviews. However, the types of problems that plague the ...
Yuan Yuhong - - 2009
Systematic reviews systematically evaluate and summarize current knowledge and have many advantages over narrative reviews. Meta-analyses provide a more reliable and enhanced precision of effect estimate than do individual studies. Systematic reviews are invaluable for defining the methods used in subsequent studies, but, as retrospective research projects, they are subject ...
Heimer Kathryn A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present a critical evaluation of the current evidence concerning the therapeutic value of vitamin C for the prophylaxis and treatment of the common cold. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane, PubMed, Natural Standard, and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine databases were searched to identify and acquire primary research ...
Robb Sheri L - - 2009
Determining how music-based interventions have been described in published literature is an important first step in evaluating whether guidelines for reporting music-based interventions need to be developed. Twenty-two pediatric intervention studies that met specified inclusion criteria were reviewed for content in 11 areas. This review revealed significant gaps in intervention ...
Hon Jennifer M L - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reported risks of hemorrhage from intracranial developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) vary, so we investigated this in a systematic review and population-based study. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature (Ovid Medline and Embase to November 7, 2007) and selected studies of >or=20 participants with >or=1 DVA(s) that described ...
Hart Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Three systematic reviews of echinacea for the prevention of colds have somewhat different conclusions. Our study objectives were to illustrate how selection criteria for trials in each of the reviews could lead to different conclusions, and to classify the ways in which webpage authors use the reviews to construct ...
Richardson W S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic laparoscopy is minimally invasive surgery for the diagnosis of intraabdominal diseases. The aim of this review is a critical examination of the available literature on the role of laparoscopy for chronic intraabdominal conditions. METHODS: A systematic literature search of English-language articles on MEDLINE, the Cochrane database of evidence-based ...
Murphy Michael - - 2009
This study is a systematic literature review of outcomes following total knee arthroplasty with implants specifically designed to enable increased knee flexion. English language comparative studies without date restriction were identified through a computerised literature search and bibliography review. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria representing a total of 399 ...
Chambers Duncan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Case series can influence clinical practice but are often omitted from systematic reviews. We evaluated the contribution of case series to a systematic review of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of the results of a systematic review based on ...
Williams John W JW - - 2009
Despite the lack of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), gabapentin use increased rapidly in the 1990s for mental health conditions. Subsequent RCTs did not demonstrate efficacy for bipolar disorder (BD). We examined the characteristics of review articles to determine their potential role in the growth of gabapentin for BD. We searched ...
Simons F Estelle R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the rate of occurrence of unintentional injections from epinephrine autoinjectors used in the first aid treatment of anaphylaxis and to provide information about the resulting needle stick injuries. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was performed. The MEDLINE, Scirus, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases ...
Fraser L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nasal obstruction is a common presenting symptom to the otolaryngology clinic. A variety of structural and mucosal abnormalities can interrupt the subjective sensation of nasal airflow. METHODS: This review was based on a literature search last performed on 1 October 2008. Current texts and the MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE ...
Chen Shu-Mei - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically studies examining the association between sedentary lifestyle and low back pain (LBP) using a comprehensive definition of sedentary behaviour including prolonged sitting both at work and during leisure time. METHODS: Journal articles published between 1998 and 2006 were obtained by searching computerized bibliographical databases. Quality assessment ...
Moseley Anne M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality and methods of systematic reviews of physiotherapy interventions, compare Cochrane and non-Cochrane reviews, and establish the interrater reliability of the Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire (OQAQ) quality assessment tool. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A survey of 200 published systematic reviews was done. Two independent raters assessed ...
Keir J - - 2009
To review the current evidence for the use of concomitant interventions to reduce the persistent perforation rate following the removal of long-term ventilation tubes. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials on this topic. Medline (1952-2008), EMBASE (1974-2008) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
dos Reis Paula Elaine Diniz - - 2009
This study presents a systematic review for evaluating effective pharmacological actions for the treatment of phlebitis stemming from infusion therapy. The studies reviewed were categorized according to the type of therapeutic approach proposed by the author and by the level of evidence presented. The review found that topical nitroglycerin and ...
Davis Dave - - 2009
BACKGROUND: By its synthesis of a selected portion of the continuing medical education (CME) literature, the evidence-based practice center (EPC) review discovered several major issues in primary study design and in the systematic review process of CME studies. Through this process, the review speaks to the need for clarity in ...
Zaina F - - 2009
AIM: In 2007 a systematic review about the rehabilitation contents of the Cochrane Collaboration was published. That review was then continuously updated by systematically searching the new papers published in every Cochrane Issue. The aim of the present paper was to systematically review all the rehabilitation papers published in the ...
Ry? Przemys?aw - - 2009
A large number of scientific articles published every year requires from practicing physicians the ability to choose among them and to use secondary studies, such as guidelines, review articles, meta-analyses and systematic reviews. The aim of this article was to discuss basic differences between meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Meta-analysis is ...
Api Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical therapy with laparoscopic ovarian 'drilling' (LOD) may avoid or reduce the need for gonadotrophins or may facilitate their use. However, the procedure, though effective, can be traumatic on the ovaries, which may cause postoperative adhesions and/or diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature, whether the ...
Throckmorton Terry - - 2009
This article aims to (1) describe the steps in the development of a systematic review, (2) discuss the use of systematic reviews in developing an evidence base for case management practice, and (3) present listings of agencies that provide systematic reviews on clinical topics and resources to evaluate systematic reviews ...
Gilbody Julian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic tibia vara (Blount disease) is an acquired form of tibial deformity found mainly in children who are Afro-Caribbean and obese. It is uncommon. Several methods have been described for the surgical treatment of this condition, which can be categorized as either acute or gradual correction. The aim of ...
Slaughter Robin J - - 2009
AIM: New Zealand is home to a small number of venomous creatures. The purpose of this review is to educate and update healthcare professionals on the management of envenoming from these creatures. METHODS: An extensive literature review was performed by systematically searching OVID MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science. In ...
Chung Mei M Tufts Evidence-Based Practice Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2009
The quality of nutrition-related systematic reviews (SRs) is an unstudied but important factor affecting their usefulness. The objectives were to evaluate the reporting quality of published SRs and to identify areas of improvement. Descriptive and exploratory analyses of the reporting quality (7 nutrition items and 28 SR reporting items) of ...
Mokkink Lidwine B - - 2009
A systematic review of measurement properties of health-status instruments is a tool for evaluating the quality of instruments. Our aim was to appraise the quality of the review process, to describe how authors assess the methodological quality of primary studies of measurement properties, and to describe how authors evaluate results ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Complex and highly sensitive electronic literature search strategies are required for systematic reviews; however, no guidelines exist for their peer review. Poor searches may fail to identify existing evidence because of inadequate recall (sensitivity) or increase the resource requirements of reviews as a result of inadequate precision. Our objective ...
Kastner Monika - - 2009
Systematic reviews of health care topics are valuable summaries of all pertinent studies on focused questions. However, finding all relevant primary studies for systematic reviews remains challenging. To determine the performance of the Clinical Queries sensitive search filter for diagnostic accuracy studies for retrieving studies for systematic reviews. We compared ...
Lee J G L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the prevalence of tobacco use among sexual minorities in the US through a systematic review of literature from 1987 to May 2007. METHODS: Seven databases were searched for peer-reviewed research (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Library via Wiley InterScience, Education Resources ...
Wall G Michael - - 2009
The objective of this article is to review the literature related to ciprofloxacin 0.3% and dexamethasone 0.1% sterile otic suspension. A systematic literature search utilizing Medline was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles related to safety and efficacy. A total of 47 publications were identified and reviewed herein. The literature supports ...
Patricio Madalena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has experienced an explosion of use which has rarely been accompanied by systematic investigations on its validity, reliability and feasibility. A systematic review of OSCE was undertaken as part of Best Evidence Medical Education at the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine of the ...
Rüb U - - 2009
Recent progress in oculomotor research has enabled new insights into the functional neuroanatomy of the human premotor oculomotor brainstem network. In the present review, we provide an overview of its functional neuroanatomy and summarize the broad range of oculomotor dysfunctions that may occur in Huntington's disease (HD) patients. Although some ...
Seida Jennifer Krebs - - 2009
AIM: A wide range of psychosocial interventions for the treatment of individuals with autism-spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been evaluated in systematic reviews. We conducted an umbrella review of systematic reviews of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for ASD. METHOD: Comprehensive searches were conducted in 25 bibliographic databases, relevant journals and ...
Hayden J A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews of prognostic factors for low back pain vary substantially in design and conduct. The objective of this study was to identify, describe, and synthesize systematic reviews of low back pain prognosis, and explore the potential impact of review methods on the conclusions. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We ...
van Driel Mieke L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of searching for unpublished data by exploring the extent to which Cochrane reviews include unpublished data and by evaluating the quality of unpublished trials. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We screened all 2,462 completed Cochrane reviews published since 2000 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ...
Tsirikos Athanasios I - - 2009
A review of the current literature demonstrates considerable debate regarding the pathogenesis, natural history and treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis. Most of the views and recommendations provided in various reports are weakly supported by levels of evidence. In addition, prospective studies using validated questionnaire instruments and long-term follow-ups to assess clinical ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2009
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 4 for 2008 contains 3625 complete reviews, 1921 protocols for reviews in production, and 9025 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are citations of 549,000 randomized controlled trials, and 10,900 cited papers ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review was performed to determine the clinical value of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the supine position in comparison with the convention of performing the procedure in the prone position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the medical literature was conducted searching for studies on percutaneous nephrolithotomy in ...
Yoshii Adriana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions provides instructions for documenting a systematic review's electronic database search strategy, listing elements that should be in the description. Complete documentation of the search strategy allows readers to evaluate the search when critically appraising a review's quality. OBJECTIVE: The research analyzed ...
Taylor R S - - 2009
To explore the use of surrogate outcomes in Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and provide a basis for guidance for their future use, validation and reporting. This report focuses on the role of surrogate outcomes in cost-effectiveness models (CEMs) within UK HTA Programme reports. Reports published in the UK HTA Programme ...
Lavis John N - - 2009
This article is part of a series written for people responsible for making decisions about health policies and programmes and for those who support these decision makers. Systematic reviews are increasingly seen as a key source of information in policymaking, particularly in terms of assisting with descriptions of the impacts ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2009
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 2 2009 contains 3826 complete reviews, 1959 protocols for reviews in production, and 9964 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are citations of 576,000 randomized controlled trials, and 11,500 cited papers in ...
Agbabiaka Taofikat B - - 2009
Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small, also known as saw palmetto, is one of the most widely used herbal preparations for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Although a number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews of the efficacy of S. repens ...
Al Faleh Khalid - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Cochrane Neonatal Review Group (CNRG) has achieved a lot with limited resources in producing high quality systematic reviews to assist clinicians in evidence-based decision-making. A formal assessment of published CNRG systematic reviews has not been undertaken; we sought to provide a comprehensive assessment of the quality of systematic ...
Frymark Tobi - - 2009
Evidence-based systematic reviews (EBSRs), in conjunction with clinical expertise and client values, are invaluable tools for speech-language pathologists and audiologists. This article provides an overview of the levels-of-evidence scheme used by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) to conduct systematic reviews. The goal of ASHA reviews is to provide a tool ...
Rabi Doreen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis suggested the use of rosiglitazone was associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Rosiglitazone remained available for use as more definitive safety trials were ongoing. This issue was reported in the lay media. OBJECTIVE: To review lay media articles to determine the extent of media ...
Reese George E - - 2009
Haemorrhoids are cushions of submucosal vascular tissue located in the anal canal starting just distal to the dentate line. Incidence is difficult to ascertain as many people with the condition will never consult with a medical practitioner, although one study found 10 million people in the USA complaining of the ...
Kawamoto Kensaku - - 2009
Prior to clinical use, pharmacogenetic tests should be systematically evaluated for their clinical validity and utility. Here, we evaluated whether the publicly available, online Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base (PharmGKB) could facilitate such assessments by efficiently identifying relevant peer-reviewed manuscripts. The search targets were 55 manuscripts regarding clinical validity and utility included ...
Cohen Joshua P - - 2009
With the inclusion of $US1.1 billion earmarked for comparative effectiveness research (CER) in the recently enacted stimulus package, the US government indicated it will play an important role in informing prescribing and reimbursement decisions. However, this sizable investment does beg four important questions: what is the nature of CER data; ...
Walton David - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review the various definitions of recovery used in the prognostic whiplash literature to date, and to evaluate them from the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: Reference lists of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the ...
Cahill David - - 2009
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed in up to 10% of women attending gynaecology clinics, but the prevalence in the population as a whole is unclear. PCOS has been associated with hirsutism, infertility, acne, weight gain, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and endometrial hyperplasia. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted ...
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