Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 908
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Liberati Alessandro A Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. - - 2009
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are essential to summarize evidence relating to efficacy and safety of health care interventions accurately and reliably. The clarity and transparency of these reports, however, is not optimal. Poor reporting of systematic reviews diminishes their value to clinicians, policy makers, and other users.Since the development of ...
Liberati Alessandro A Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. - - 2009
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are essential to summarize evidence relating to efficacy and safety of health care interventions accurately and reliably. The clarity and transparency of these reports, however, is not optimal. Poor reporting of systematic reviews diminishes their value to clinicians, policy makers, and other users. Since the development ...
Lo Scalzo Alessandra - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the evidence of diagnostic accuracy of the wireless capsule for endoscopy (WCE) for the diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) and small bowel disease in adults and translate it to the context of the Italian National Health Service. METHODS: We performed ...
Metcalfe David - - 2009
A number of non-operative interventions are used to manage Achilles tendinopathy. In particular, local glucocorticoid injections have generated controversy. Although a number of case reports indicate symptomatic relief following glucocorticoid injection, one systematic review found little evidence to support their efficacy. Furthermore, local glucocorticoid injections may be associated with rupture ...
Kars H J J Cojanne - - 2009
The objective of this review is to identify and review publications describing the impact of reduced somatosensation on balance. Based on knowledge of the association between specific somatosensory loss and deterioration of balance, conclusions can be made about role of somatosensation in standing balance. A systematic literature review is presented ...
Wolfenden L - - 2010
To facilitate the translation of research evidence into practice, policy makers and practitioners require practice-relevant information such as the effectiveness of interventions delivered in specific settings, by various personnel, using various intervention modalities, and descriptions of intervention costs or adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to review the ...
van der Molen H F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to describe the main steps and to conduct a systematic literature review on preventive interventions concerning work-related injuries and to illustrate the process. METHODS: Based on the Cochrane handbook, a structured framework of six steps was outlined for the development of a systematic ...
Fitzpatrick D - - 2009
To determine the extent to which post-hypoglycaemic patients with diabetes, who are prescribed oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHA) are at risk of repeat hypoglycaemic events (RHE) after being treated in the prehospital environment and whether they should be transported to hospital regardless of their post-treatment response, a systematic literature review was ...
Horkan L - - 2009
Many systematic reviews have found insufficient evidence to support claims that modern dressings promote healing, or that one particular modern dressing is more effective than another. This paper evaluates why this might be the case.
Ressing Meike - - 2009
Because of the rising number of scientific publications, it is important to have a means of jointly summarizing and assessing different studies on a single topic. Systematic literature reviews, meta-analyses of published data, and meta-analyses of individual data (pooled reanalyses) are now being published with increasing frequency. We here describe ...
Carlisle Daloni - - 2009
A number of initiatives proposed in Lord Darzi's next stage review are under way or are in preparation stages, including quality accounts. It is still unclear how far middle managers and clinicians have taken the quality vision on board. Sudden economic downturn has set off a new debate over whether ...
Knox Ellen M - - 2009
Systematic reviews of fetal medicine can serve as a tool for translation of research findings from a few expert centres to a wider healthcare specialty. The extent to which reviews of fetal medicine research are systematic and unbiased is not known. In this review of systematic reviews in fetal medicine, ...
Heinrich Michael - - 2009
AIMS OF THE STUDY: More than 100 cases of nephropathy over the last 10 years caused by the systemic and longer term application of Chinese snakeroot (Aristolochia fangchi) highlighted the risk of using preparations which contain aristolochic acids. On the other hand anecdotal evidence highlights the widespread use of Aristolochia ...
Leucht S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are increasingly frequently used in the evaluation of medical treatments. This review explains the principles of the methodology, significance and limitations of systematic reviews. METHOD: Short review article. RESULTS: In contrast to conventional reviews, systematic reviews use a structured approach in retrieving, analyzing and interpreting ...
Danish Shabbar F - - 2009
Decompressive hemicraniectomy is well accepted for the surgical treatment of intractable intracranial hypertension in cases in which medical management fails. Although it is performed as a life-saving procedure when death is imminent from intracranial hypertension, little is known about the functional outcomes for these patients on long-term follow-up. In this ...
Humphries Kathleen - - 2009
Approximately 4.5 million Americans have an intellectual or developmental disability. Concern is increasing about these individuals' nutrition-related behavior and its implications for their health. This article reports on a systematic search of the current literature listed in the PsycINFO and PubMed databases related to nutritional status of adults with intellectual ...
Tan Hock Heng - - 2009
As the use of atypical antipsychotic medications (AAPMs) increases, the number of overdoses continues to grow. Cardiovascular toxicity was common with older psychiatric medications but seems uncommon with AAPM. We conducted a systematic literature review to describe the cardiovascular effects reported after overdose of 5 common AAPM: aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, ...
Nelson Michael P - - 2009
Debate about the nature and appropriateness of advocacy by environmental scientists is important--it represents understanding the role of these citizens in our society. Much has been written about advocacy by scientists, and that literature describes substantial diversity in reasons why advocacy by scientists is or is not appropriate. Despite the ...
Gouveia Liliana Olim - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of reported adverse events. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tolerability and safety of chiropractic procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the increasing popularity of chiropractic, there are few properly designed prospective controlled trials, and there is a disproportionate lack of evaluation of its safety profile. The literature ...
Baba Nadim Z - - 2009
PURPOSE: Prefabricated dowels have become popular, and a wide variety of systems are available. Recently, in response to a need for tooth-colored dowels, several nonmetallic dowels such as carbon-fiber epoxy resin, zirconia, glass fiber-reinforced epoxy resin, and ultra-high polyethelene fiber-reinforced dowels are available. With a plethora of different materials and ...
Simunovic Nicole - - 2009
The validity and applicability of a systematic review depends on the quality of the primary studies that are included and the quality of the methods used to conduct the review itself. Sometimes, observational studies represent the best available evidence. Subject to selection, information, and confounding biases, observational studies are thought ...
Bellini Carlo - - 2009
Hydrops fetalis (HF) indicates excessive fluid accumulation within the fetal extravascular compartments and body cavities. HF is not a diagnosis in itself but a symptom, and the end-stage of a wide variety of disorders. In the era before routine immunization of Rhesus (Rh) negative mothers, most cases of hydrops were ...
Dijkers Marcel P J M - - 2009
Reviews offer examinations of published material on a topic, and are becoming indispensable in keeping up with an exponentially growing rehabilitation literature. Adherents of the systematic reviews that support evidence-based practice have been quite dismissive of narrative (traditional, qualitative, and nonsystematic) reviews. However, the types of problems that plague the ...
Yuan Yuhong - - 2009
Systematic reviews systematically evaluate and summarize current knowledge and have many advantages over narrative reviews. Meta-analyses provide a more reliable and enhanced precision of effect estimate than do individual studies. Systematic reviews are invaluable for defining the methods used in subsequent studies, but, as retrospective research projects, they are subject ...
Heimer Kathryn A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present a critical evaluation of the current evidence concerning the therapeutic value of vitamin C for the prophylaxis and treatment of the common cold. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane, PubMed, Natural Standard, and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine databases were searched to identify and acquire primary research ...
Robb Sheri L - - 2009
Determining how music-based interventions have been described in published literature is an important first step in evaluating whether guidelines for reporting music-based interventions need to be developed. Twenty-two pediatric intervention studies that met specified inclusion criteria were reviewed for content in 11 areas. This review revealed significant gaps in intervention ...
Hon Jennifer M L - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reported risks of hemorrhage from intracranial developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) vary, so we investigated this in a systematic review and population-based study. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature (Ovid Medline and Embase to November 7, 2007) and selected studies of >or=20 participants with >or=1 DVA(s) that described ...
Hart Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Three systematic reviews of echinacea for the prevention of colds have somewhat different conclusions. Our study objectives were to illustrate how selection criteria for trials in each of the reviews could lead to different conclusions, and to classify the ways in which webpage authors use the reviews to construct ...
Richardson W S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic laparoscopy is minimally invasive surgery for the diagnosis of intraabdominal diseases. The aim of this review is a critical examination of the available literature on the role of laparoscopy for chronic intraabdominal conditions. METHODS: A systematic literature search of English-language articles on MEDLINE, the Cochrane database of evidence-based ...
Murphy Michael - - 2009
This study is a systematic literature review of outcomes following total knee arthroplasty with implants specifically designed to enable increased knee flexion. English language comparative studies without date restriction were identified through a computerised literature search and bibliography review. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria representing a total of 399 ...
Chambers Duncan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Case series can influence clinical practice but are often omitted from systematic reviews. We evaluated the contribution of case series to a systematic review of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of the results of a systematic review based on ...
Williams John W JW - - 2009
Despite the lack of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), gabapentin use increased rapidly in the 1990s for mental health conditions. Subsequent RCTs did not demonstrate efficacy for bipolar disorder (BD). We examined the characteristics of review articles to determine their potential role in the growth of gabapentin for BD. We searched ...
Simons F Estelle R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the rate of occurrence of unintentional injections from epinephrine autoinjectors used in the first aid treatment of anaphylaxis and to provide information about the resulting needle stick injuries. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was performed. The MEDLINE, Scirus, CINAHL, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases ...
Fraser L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nasal obstruction is a common presenting symptom to the otolaryngology clinic. A variety of structural and mucosal abnormalities can interrupt the subjective sensation of nasal airflow. METHODS: This review was based on a literature search last performed on 1 October 2008. Current texts and the MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE ...
Chen Shu-Mei - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically studies examining the association between sedentary lifestyle and low back pain (LBP) using a comprehensive definition of sedentary behaviour including prolonged sitting both at work and during leisure time. METHODS: Journal articles published between 1998 and 2006 were obtained by searching computerized bibliographical databases. Quality assessment ...
Moseley Anne M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality and methods of systematic reviews of physiotherapy interventions, compare Cochrane and non-Cochrane reviews, and establish the interrater reliability of the Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire (OQAQ) quality assessment tool. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A survey of 200 published systematic reviews was done. Two independent raters assessed ...
Keir J - - 2009
To review the current evidence for the use of concomitant interventions to reduce the persistent perforation rate following the removal of long-term ventilation tubes. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials on this topic. Medline (1952-2008), EMBASE (1974-2008) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
dos Reis Paula Elaine Diniz - - 2009
This study presents a systematic review for evaluating effective pharmacological actions for the treatment of phlebitis stemming from infusion therapy. The studies reviewed were categorized according to the type of therapeutic approach proposed by the author and by the level of evidence presented. The review found that topical nitroglycerin and ...
Davis Dave - - 2009
BACKGROUND: By its synthesis of a selected portion of the continuing medical education (CME) literature, the evidence-based practice center (EPC) review discovered several major issues in primary study design and in the systematic review process of CME studies. Through this process, the review speaks to the need for clarity in ...
Zaina F - - 2009
AIM: In 2007 a systematic review about the rehabilitation contents of the Cochrane Collaboration was published. That review was then continuously updated by systematically searching the new papers published in every Cochrane Issue. The aim of the present paper was to systematically review all the rehabilitation papers published in the ...
Ry? Przemys?aw - - 2009
A large number of scientific articles published every year requires from practicing physicians the ability to choose among them and to use secondary studies, such as guidelines, review articles, meta-analyses and systematic reviews. The aim of this article was to discuss basic differences between meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Meta-analysis is ...
Api Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical therapy with laparoscopic ovarian 'drilling' (LOD) may avoid or reduce the need for gonadotrophins or may facilitate their use. However, the procedure, though effective, can be traumatic on the ovaries, which may cause postoperative adhesions and/or diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature, whether the ...
Throckmorton Terry - - 2009
This article aims to (1) describe the steps in the development of a systematic review, (2) discuss the use of systematic reviews in developing an evidence base for case management practice, and (3) present listings of agencies that provide systematic reviews on clinical topics and resources to evaluate systematic reviews ...
Gilbody Julian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic tibia vara (Blount disease) is an acquired form of tibial deformity found mainly in children who are Afro-Caribbean and obese. It is uncommon. Several methods have been described for the surgical treatment of this condition, which can be categorized as either acute or gradual correction. The aim of ...
Slaughter Robin J - - 2009
AIM: New Zealand is home to a small number of venomous creatures. The purpose of this review is to educate and update healthcare professionals on the management of envenoming from these creatures. METHODS: An extensive literature review was performed by systematically searching OVID MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science. In ...
Chung Mei - - 2009
The quality of nutrition-related systematic reviews (SRs) is an unstudied but important factor affecting their usefulness. The objectives were to evaluate the reporting quality of published SRs and to identify areas of improvement. Descriptive and exploratory analyses of the reporting quality (7 nutrition items and 28 SR reporting items) of ...
Mokkink Lidwine B - - 2009
A systematic review of measurement properties of health-status instruments is a tool for evaluating the quality of instruments. Our aim was to appraise the quality of the review process, to describe how authors assess the methodological quality of primary studies of measurement properties, and to describe how authors evaluate results ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Complex and highly sensitive electronic literature search strategies are required for systematic reviews; however, no guidelines exist for their peer review. Poor searches may fail to identify existing evidence because of inadequate recall (sensitivity) or increase the resource requirements of reviews as a result of inadequate precision. Our objective ...
Kastner Monika - - 2009
Systematic reviews of health care topics are valuable summaries of all pertinent studies on focused questions. However, finding all relevant primary studies for systematic reviews remains challenging. To determine the performance of the Clinical Queries sensitive search filter for diagnostic accuracy studies for retrieving studies for systematic reviews. We compared ...
Lee J G L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the prevalence of tobacco use among sexual minorities in the US through a systematic review of literature from 1987 to May 2007. METHODS: Seven databases were searched for peer-reviewed research (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Library via Wiley InterScience, Education Resources ...
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