Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 944
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Whelan Kevin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are increasingly used in patients receiving nutritional support; however, some case reports and trials have questioned their safety in such patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the safety of probiotics in patients receiving nutritional support through a systematic review of case reports, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and ...
Muangpaisan Weerasak W Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
Non-hypolipidemic effects of statins, known as pleiotropic effects, are likely to explain the effect of statins on dementia. Results of the relationship between statins and dementia in previous studies are conflicting. There is no systematic review investigating the effect of statins on vascular dementia (VaD). This systematic review evaluates the ...
Rosen Laura J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the methods and findings of systematic reviews (SRs) on common tobacco control interventions from two organizations: the Cochrane Collaboration ("Cochrane") and the US Task Force for Community Preventive Services ("the Guide"). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Literature review. We retrieved all reviews pertaining to tobacco control produced by ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Systematic review. The applied definition of traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) lacks specific quantified diagnostic criteria. To review currently applied TCCS diagnostic criteria and quantitative data regarding the 'disproportionate weakness' between the upper and lower extremities described in original studies reporting on TCCS subjects. A MEDLINE (1966 to 2008) literature ...
Smith Amie E M - - 2010
Attachment theory has been proposed as a suitable framework within which to understand and explore the therapeutic alliance. This review systematically explores research that has examined the relationship between clients' self reported attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance. Methodological characteristics and study findings are reviewed and discussed with the aim ...
Wootton Richard - - 2010
To review papers reporting actual experience with telemedicine in developing countries and to summarize their findings, including the strength of the evidence. A retrospective review was conducted. Study quality was assessed. Four commonly-used electronic databases. Study quality scores. From a total of 202 potential articles, 38 relevant papers were identified. ...
Zwicker Jill G - - 2010
The purpose of this review was to synthesize current evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of treadmill training (TT), including partial body-weight support (PBWS) TT (PBWSTT), TT only, robotic-assist PBWSTT, and mixed TT, in children with motor impairments. Systematic literature searches were conducted in 10 databases through May 2010. ...
Babamiri Kajal - - 2010
A wide range of cosmeceutical products are available on the market currently, but evidence to support their use is often lacking in the literature. Specifically, there is a substantial amount of evidence supporting the efficacy of tretinoin in photoaging, but the evidence supporting retinoid-based cosmeceuticals remains sparse. The authors review ...
Souza Ana - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes a wide variety of neurological deficits, with ambulatory impairment the most obvious cause of disability. Within 10 to 15 years of disease onset, 80% of persons with MS experience gait problems due to muscle weakness or spasticity, fatigue, and loss of balance. To facilitate mobility, persons ...
Georgiopoulos Miltiadis - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of the present article is a systematic review of the proposed medical or surgical treatments in patients in chronic vegetative state (VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS), as well as of their mechanisms of action and limitations. METHODS: For this review, we have agreed to include patients ...
Longo Umile Giuseppe - - 2010
The unique anatomy of the hip is challenging, and has slowed the progress of hip arthroscopy. The aim of this review is to provide an updated synthesis of existing clinical evidence on hip arthroscopy. A systematic computerized literature search was conducted by two independent reviewers using an iterative manipulation process ...
Al-Talib Ayman - - 2010
We present a case of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) after myoma morcellation and review the literature using the keywords leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata and disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis. The search was conducted in Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of systematic reviews. We encountered 132 cases of LPD in the English literature; 113 ...
Jamaty Chlo? - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) in the management of poisoned patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature with no time or language restriction. The electronic databases were searched from their inception until June 1, 2009 (Medline, EMBASE, ...
Giuca M R - - 2010
This study explores the possibility that the celiac disease (CD) may be correlated with the insurgence of some oral signs, as based on a systematic review of the literature. Should this correlation be proven, any dentistry's screening would then be important to diagnose early celiac sprue pathogenesis. A literature survey ...
Annane Djillali - - 2010
A recent report from the PROGRESS registry highlighted that low dose corticosteroids are widely used in patients with sepsis around the world. In this report, corticosteroids may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, these findings should be viewed with caution given that this study has several inherent flaws ...
Rinne Ari - - 2010
Scientists at the beginning of their careers often rely on the information obtained from review articles. Furthermore, the review articles are commonly used by sponsors in making their funding decisions of scientific projects. Thus it is very important to give a balanced view of the past as well as the ...
Niederman Richard - - 2010
DATA SOURCES: Studies were sourced using Biomed Central, Cochrane Oral Health Reviews, the Cochrane Library, Directory of Open Access Journals, Expanded ASAP Plus, the MetaRegister of Controlled Trials (www.controlled-trials.com/), Medline (PubMed) Science-Direct, Research Findings Electronic Register, and BBO/LILACS. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical trials and systematic reviews relevant to the review objective ...
Hammick Marilyn - - 2010
This paper outlines the essential aspects of conducting a systematic review of an educational topic beginning with the work needed once an initial idea for a review topic has been suggested through to the stage when all data from the selected primary studies has been coded. It draws extensively on ...
Humphreys B Kim - - 2010
Pediatric manual therapy is controversial within the medical community particularly with respect to adverse events. Pediatric manual therapy (Ped MT) is commonly used by a number of professions such as chiropractors, osteopaths and naturopaths for a variety of treatments in children. Ped MT interventions range from advice, light touch, massage, ...
Rubin G James - - 2010
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF; formerly 'electromagetic hypersensitivity') is a medically unexplained illness in which subjective symptoms are reported following exposure to electrical devices. In an earlier systematic review, we reported data from 31 blind provocation studies which had exposed IEI-EMF volunteers to active or sham electromagnetic ...
Hertle Richard W - - 2010
To discuss the common characteristics of infants and children with nystagmus and review treatments and their evidence. The NEI-sponsored classification of eye movement abnormalities and strabismus and a PubMed search for papers from 1995 through 2005 on interventions for Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome (INS) are reviewed. The review of treatments revealed ...
Ganann Rebecca - - 2010
Policy makers and others often require synthesis of knowledge in an area within six months or less. Traditional systematic reviews typically take at least 12 months to conduct. Rapid reviews streamline traditional systematic review methods in order to synthesize evidence within a shortened timeframe. There is great variation in the ...
Torchia Daniele - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even after the description of papuloerythroderma of Ofuji (PEO) in 1984, little is known about this clinical entity. OBJECTIVE: To report on 2 new cases of PEO and review of the worldwide literature on this topic. METHODS: Article citations were searched on several biomedical search engines (PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, ...
Brien Susan E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is an extensive body of literature on health system quality reporting that has yet to be characterized. Scoping is a novel methodology for systematically assessing the breadth of a body of literature in a particular research area. Our objectives were to showcase the scoping review methodology in the ...
McGauran Natalie - - 2010
Reporting bias represents a major problem in the assessment of health care interventions. Several prominent cases have been described in the literature, for example, in the reporting of trials of antidepressants, Class I anti-arrhythmic drugs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors. The aim of this narrative review is to gain an overview ...
Jaidee Wanlop - - 2010
The recommended interval between updates for systematic reviews included in The Cochrane Library is 2 years. However, it is unclear whether this interval is always appropriate. Whereas excessive updating wastes time and resources, insufficient updating allows out-of-date or incomplete evidence to guide clinical decision-making. We set out to determine, for ...
Fischer Walker Christa L - - 2010
Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in all regions of the world and among all ages, yet little is known about the fraction of diarrhea episodes and deaths due to each pathogen. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify all papers reporting the proportion of diarrhea ...
Pappalardo Elisa Maria - - 2010
Although prostaglandins are largely used and considered safe drugs to induce midtrimester abortion, the literature reports several cases of uterine rupture consequent to their administration. We report the second ever-described case of uterine rupture after administration of gemeprost and sulprostone for midtrimester abortion in a 45 years-old women with scarred ...
Wallace Byron C - - 2010
Systematic reviews address a specific clinical question by unbiasedly assessing and analyzing the pertinent literature. Citation screening is a time-consuming and critical step in systematic reviews. Typically, reviewers must evaluate thousands of citations to identify articles eligible for a given review. We explore the application of machine learning techniques to ...
Ahmad Nizar - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to evaluate systematic reviews of research into two public health priorities, tobacco consumption and HIV infection, in terms of the reporting of data related to the applicability of trial results (i.e., whether the results of a trial can be reasonably applied or generalized to ...
O'Connor Annette M - - 2010
A systematic review was conducted for the association between animal feeding operations (AFOs) and the health of individuals living near AFOs. The review was restricted to studies reporting respiratory, gastrointestinal and mental health outcomes in individuals living near AFOs in North America, European Union, United Kingdom, and Scandinavia. From June ...
Donegan Sarah - - 2010
The indirect comparison of two interventions can be valuable in many situations. However, the quality of an indirect comparison will depend on several factors including the chosen methodology and validity of underlying assumptions. Published indirect comparisons are increasingly more common in the medical literature, but as yet, there are no ...
Kirkham Jamie J JJ Centre for Medical Statistics and Health Evaluation, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England. - - 2010
Adding, omitting or changing outcomes after a systematic review protocol is published can result in bias because it increases the potential for unacknowledged or post hoc revisions of the planned analyses. The main objective of this study was to look for discrepancies between primary outcomes listed in protocols and in ...
Kirkham Jamie J JJ Centre for Medical Statistics and Health Evaluation, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 - - 2010
To examine the prevalence of outcome reporting bias-the selection for publication of a subset of the original recorded outcome variables on the basis of the results-and its impact on Cochrane reviews. A nine point classification system for missing outcome data in randomised trials was developed and applied to the trials ...
Poulsen Peter Bo PB Medical & Access, Pfizer ApS, Pfizer Denmark, Ballerup, Denmark. - - 2010
Tobacco smoke is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. A total of 50% of all smokers will die from a smoking-related disease with a major impact upon quality of life and health-care costs. Tobacco-controlling policies, including smoking cessation, have increasingly been implemented across European countries. Reported effectiveness ...
Ono Shimpei S Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2010
In order to improve health care efficiency and effectiveness, treatments should provide disease improvement or resolution at a reasonable cost. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) published a guideline for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in 2009 based on review of the literature up to April 6, 2007. ...
Meyer Matthew J MJ Aging, Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Program, Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario, - - 2010
To review the literature regarding techniques used to promote arousal from coma following an acquired brain injury. A literature search of multiple databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO) and hand searched articles covering the years 1980-2008 was performed. Peer reviewed articles were assessed for methodological quality using the PEDro scoring ...
Kilov Andrea M AM Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. - - 2010
To systematically review literature and electronic resources that address the topic of chatroom use of teenagers with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI). Electronic databases and websites on the Internet were searched up to and including 25 June 2009, using terms relating to chatroom use of teenagers without and with ...
Mahmood Asif A Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, - - 2010
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a rare disorder with great clinical variability. We report the first case of triplets with the late infantile form of the disease and their systematic progression of symptoms. We reviewed the literature and identified all human studies that reported new cases since 1921. We analyzed survival by ...
Giuca M R - - 2009
This study explores the possibility that the celiac disease (CD) may be correlated with the insurgence of some oral signs, as based on a systematic review of the literature. Should this correlation be proven, any dentistry's screening would then be important to diagnose early celiac sprue pathogenesis. A literature survey ...
Hol A M - - 2010
The aim of this systematic review was to find evidence-based support in the literature to allow immediate unrestricted weight bearing after primary uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). Accelerated rehabilitation programs for THA are becoming increasingly popular to shorten hospital stay and to facilitate rapid restoration of function. The goals of ...
Mills Kathryn - - 2010
This article systematically reviews the available literature to improve our understanding of the physiological basis for orthoses under the kinematic, shock attenuation and neuromotor control paradigms. The propositions made under these three paradigms have not been systematically reviewed collectively, and as such, there is no single-point synthesis of this clinically ...
Bartoli Simona - - 2010
The paper provides a systematization of the scientific evidence on quality of life of patients affected by urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB) through a systematic literature review. A single search strategy was performed through the databases and papers collected are reviewed by independent researchers finally, including 39 papers. ...
Glazebrook Mark A - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the literature to provide a comprehensive description of the Level of Evidence available to support the surgical technique of ankle arthroscopy for the current generally accepted indications and assign a grade of recommendation for each of them. METHODS: A comprehensive review ...
Emmanuel A V - - 2009
The approach of this review is to give a pragmatic approach to using laxatives, based on a combination of what is known about mechanism of action and the available literature on evidence.
Cornelius V R - - 2009
PURPOSE: There is a need for high quality evidence on the adverse effects of medical interventions to inform policy, practice and research. Methods to systematically review adverse effects have not been fully developed. We aimed to assess the current methods and reporting used by such reviews. METHODS: Survey of general ...
Marret Emmanuel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dr. Scott Reuben allegedly fabricated data. The authors of the current article examined the impact of Reuben reports on conclusions of systematic reviews. METHODS: The authors searched in ISI Web of Knowledge systematic reviews citing Reuben reports. Systematic reviews were grouped into one of three categories: I, only cited ...
Lundh Andreas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To ensure evidence-based decision making in pediatric oncology systematic reviews are necessary. The objective of our study was to evaluate the methodological quality of all currently existing systematic reviews in pediatric oncology. METHODS: We identified eligible systematic reviews through a systematic search of the literature. Data on clinical and ...
Zaina F - - 2009
AIM: Since 2007 we have been focusing our attention to EJPRM as the best available clinical evidence as offered by the Cochrane Collaboration. Due to the absence of a specific Rehabilitation Group (only a Field does exist), some reviews in the field of PRM are not easy to find. Consequently, ...
Neely J Gail - - 2010
A systematic review is a transparent and unbiased review of available information. The published systematic review must report the details of the conduct of the review as one might report the details of a primary research project. A meta-analysis is a powerful and rigorous statistical approach to synthesize data from ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >