Search Results
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- - 2010
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of new or emerging endoscopic technologies that have the potential to have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used by performing a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent preclinical and clinical studies on the ...
Boyd Jeff - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Avalanche resuscitation will save lives if focussed on victims that have the potential to survive. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine 4 critical prognostic factors for burial victims in cardiac arrest. METHODS: Time of burial, airway patency, core temperature and serum potassium level were analyzed as ...
Kurmis Andrew P - - 2010
The risk of secondary haematologic complications such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism increases significantly when a transient period of hypercoagulability is induced after total hip replacement (THR). A number of drug-based anticoagulant approaches are available to modulate this risk, but the optimal length of therapy for such approaches ...
Al-Mosawi Aamir Jalal - - 2010
Essential oil preparation of the terpenic type was introduced for the first time in the 1930s for the management of urolithiasis. Although essential oil preparations are registered in 50 countries, including some developed countries such as the United Kingdom, Italy, and Japan, for use in urolithiasis, no literature has been ...
Roberston-Malt Suzie - - 2010
Overview of reviews, compiling evidence from multiple Cochrane reviews into one accessible and usable document, is a new methodology being developed by the Cochrane methods group and mastered by the Child Health Network. Overviews of reviews are rapidly gaining in popularity as a 'friendly front end' to the Cochrane Library. ...
Jälevik B - - 2010
AIM: This was to review the literature published, to point out shortcomings and to suggest areas in need of improvement concerning the diagnosis and prevalence of MIH. METHODS: A broad search of the PubMed database was conducted. Relevant papers published in English were identified after a review of their titles, ...
Classie Justin A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chest protectors and/or safety baseballs reduce the incidence of commotio cordis during sport through a review of the best available evidence. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Embase databases from 1950 to 2009. We selected articles according to "death, sudden, cardiac," "commotio cordis," "sports equipment," and ...
Makris Una E UE Section of Rheumatology, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box 208031, 300 Cedar Street, S-525 TAC, New Haven, CT 06520-8031, USA. - - 2010
To systematically review the literature on reported adverse effects (AE) associated with use of topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). A systematic search of Medline (1950 to November 2009), Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane databases, Dissertation and American College of Rheumatology meeting abstracts was ...
Gagnon Marie-Pierre MP Quebec University Hospital Research Centre, Québec City, Canada. - - 2012
This systematic review of mixed methods studies focuses on factors that can facilitate or limit the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in clinical settings. Systematic searches of relevant bibliographic databases identified studies about interventions promoting ICT adoption by healthcare professionals. Content analysis was performed by two reviewers using ...
Bhardwaj Gaurav - - 2010
To review systematically the diagnostic accuracy of various ocular signs for pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT). Intraocular hemorrhages (IOH), perimacular retinal folds, traumatic retinoschisis and optic nerve sheath hemorrhages have been reported as cardinal signs of AHT. The evidence base supporting the accuracy of this interpretation, however, has not been ...
Hohl Corinne M - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on the effect of a bolus dose of etomidate on adrenal function, mortality, and health services utilization compared with other induction agents used for rapid sequence intubation. METHODS: We developed a systematic search strategy and applied it to 10 electronic bibliographic databases. We hand ...
Krassioukov A - - 2010
Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort, case-control, pre-post studies, and case reports that assessed pharmacological and non-pharmacological intervention for the management of the neurogenic bowel after spinal cord injury (SCI) were included. To systematically review the evidence for the management of neurogenic bowel in individuals with SCI. Literature searches were conducted ...
Panitvisai Piyanee - - 2010
Fracture of root canal instruments is one of the most troublesome incidents in endodontic therapy. This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to determine the outcome difference between retained fractured instrument cases and matched conventional treated cases. The MEDLINE database, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database were searched. Reference ...
Devaiah Anand K - - 2010
This study reviewed the published outcomes literature on endoscopic or endoscopic-assisted treatment of sinonasal and skull base adenocarcinoma (SSBA). A systematic literature review was performed. A PubMed search of English language articles on endoscopic or endoscopic-assisted SSBA was performed. Each article was examined for patient data and outcomes for analysis. ...
Zaina F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since 2007 we focused our attention as EJPRM to the best available clinical evidence offered by the Cochrane Collaboration. Due to the absence of a specific Rehabilitation Group (only a field exists), reviews of PRM interest are in different groups and not easy to find. Consequently, the EJPRM lists ...
Land Martin F - - 2010
Approximately 50 articles were included in this review based on a MEDLINE and PubMed search of English-language peer-reviewed literature focused on research published between 1993 and 2008. The authors also hand searched relevant dental journals. Randomized controlled trials, nonrandomized controlled trials, longitudinal experimental clinical studies, longitudinal prospective studies, and longitudinal ...
Mylona Eleni E - - 2010
The authors conducted a systematic review of the English literature for cases of Gastric Syphilis (GS) in the last 50 years. The 34 studies which met selection criteria included 52 patients with GS. Of the reviewed patients, only 13% had a history of syphilis diagnosis and 46% had prior or ...
Ellett Marsha L Cirgin - - 2010
A 2007 survey of members of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates identified a need for more evidence regarding sedation medications including propofol. Therefore, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Randomized Clinical Trials, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the National Guideline Clearinghouse (http://www.guideline.gov) databases were individually searched ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 4 for 2009 contains 4027 complete reviews, 1906 protocols for reviews in production, and 11447 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are citations of 600,000 randomized controlled trials, and 12,200 cited papers ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To perform a systematic pooled-data analysis of literature data involving laryngeal mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and pooled-data analysis. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, clinicaltrials.gov, and the National Guideline ...
Skoretz Stacey A - - 2010
Hospitalized patients are often at increased risk for oropharyngeal dysphagia following prolonged endotracheal intubation. Although reported incidence can be high, it varies widely. We conducted a systematic review to determine: (1) the incidence of dysphagia following endotracheal intubation, (2) the association between dysphagia and intubation time, and (3) patient characteristics ...
Tsui Ban C H - - 2010
This review was performed to evaluate and discuss the quality and outcomes of studies assessing ultrasound imaging in pediatric regional anesthesia. Literature searches were conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE, combining the search term "ultrasonography" with "regional anesthesia," "nerve block," "epidural anesthesia," and "spinal anesthesia," with the limit of 0 to ...
Molica Stefano - - 2010
A systematic and comprehensive search of literature was performed using MEDLINE databases from 1st January 1978 to 2nd November 2009 and hand search of references. A search performed by combining the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms 'Richter's syndrome' and 'chronic lymphocytic leukemia' (CLL) yielded 143 citations. Ten additional case-control studies ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2011
To review methods for completing knowledge synthesis. We discuss how to complete a broad range of knowledge syntheses. Our article is intended as an introductory guide. Many groups worldwide conduct knowledge syntheses, and some methods are applicable to most reviews. However, variations of these methods are apparent for different types ...
Palmer Suetonia C - - 2010
A systematic review provides the best summary of evidence for clinical decision-making in nephrology by summarizing all the primary studies that evaluate a specific clinical question. By using rigorous and pre-specified methods, conclusions about the overall effect of an intervention can be more reliable, precise and comprehensive in a systematic ...
Roffey Darren M - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread musculoskeletal condition that frequently occurs in the working-age population. Numerous occupational physical activities have been implicated in its etiology. To conduct a systematic review establishing a causal relationship between occupational standing or walking and LBP. Systematic review of the literature. Studies reporting an ...
Liu Spencer S - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This systematic review summarizes existing evidence for superior onset, quality, and duration of block for ultrasound (US) guidance versus other techniques for nerve localization. METHODS: MEDLINE was systematically searched from 1966 to September 2009 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing US guidance to another technique for peripheral ...
Thomson Andrew A Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, The Canberra Hospital and the Australian National University, Australia. - - 2010
Sedation practices for endoscopy vary widely. The present review focuses on the commonly used regimens in endoscopic sedation and the associated risks and benefits together with the appropriate safety measures and monitoring practices. In addition, alternatives and additions to intravenous sedation are discussed. Personnel requirements for endoscopic sedation are reviewed; ...
Suebnukarn Siriwan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses have been suggested to be the highest form of evidence available to clinicians to guide clinical practice in dental care. High methodologic quality is a prerequisite for valid interpretation and application of review findings. However, meta-analyses are complex exercises, and assessing quality can be a daunting task. Clinicians ...
Johnson N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: UK guidelines recommend routine vaginal dilation during and after pelvic radiotherapy to prevent stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine critically the evidence behind this guideline. SEARCH STRATEGY: Cochrane-style systematic review of the data and literature relevant to vaginal dilation and stenosis attributable to radiotherapy. SELECTION CRITERIA: Any and every measure of ...
Stensvold Christen R - - 2010
Metronidazole constitutes a mainstay in the antimicrobial therapy of intestinal protozoa, and is also traditionally considered first-line therapy in cases where there is a requirement to treat Blastocystis, a common protist of disputable clinical significance. Many compounds have been used in attempts to eradicate the parasite, and an accumulating body ...
Kuo Bruce T - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (apical ballooning syndrome) has been reported with increased frequency, most commonly in postmenopausal women. Despite the gender disparity, no clear link between estrogen and its possible cardioprotective effects has been shown. We present a case series of takotsubo cardiomyopathy in women and examine the prevalence of estrogen replacement ...
Caddell Lisa S - - 2010
There is much debate in the literature as to the extent to which self and identity persist in people with dementia. The aim of this systematic review was to examine methods currently used to investigate self and identity in people with dementia, and the resulting evidence as to the persistence ...
Soler Robin E - - 2010
In 2000, the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) completed a systematic review of the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity including informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Among these approaches was the use of signs placed by elevators and escalators to encourage stair ...
Roffey Darren M - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a common and disabling musculoskeletal disorder that often occurs in a working-age population. Determining the precise causation of LBP remains difficult. Any attempt to implicate a specific occupational activity in the genesis of LBP requires a methodologically rigorous approach. To conduct a systematic review of ...
Schriger David L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Forest plots are graphical displays of findings of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Little is known about the style and content of these plots and whether published plots maximize the graphic's potential for information exchange. METHODS: We examine the number, style and content of forest plots presented in a previously ...
Whelan Kevin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are increasingly used in patients receiving nutritional support; however, some case reports and trials have questioned their safety in such patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the safety of probiotics in patients receiving nutritional support through a systematic review of case reports, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and ...
Muangpaisan Weerasak W Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
Non-hypolipidemic effects of statins, known as pleiotropic effects, are likely to explain the effect of statins on dementia. Results of the relationship between statins and dementia in previous studies are conflicting. There is no systematic review investigating the effect of statins on vascular dementia (VaD). This systematic review evaluates the ...
Rosen Laura J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the methods and findings of systematic reviews (SRs) on common tobacco control interventions from two organizations: the Cochrane Collaboration ("Cochrane") and the US Task Force for Community Preventive Services ("the Guide"). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Literature review. We retrieved all reviews pertaining to tobacco control produced by ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Systematic review. The applied definition of traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) lacks specific quantified diagnostic criteria. To review currently applied TCCS diagnostic criteria and quantitative data regarding the 'disproportionate weakness' between the upper and lower extremities described in original studies reporting on TCCS subjects. A MEDLINE (1966 to 2008) literature ...
Smith Amie E M - - 2010
Attachment theory has been proposed as a suitable framework within which to understand and explore the therapeutic alliance. This review systematically explores research that has examined the relationship between clients' self reported attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance. Methodological characteristics and study findings are reviewed and discussed with the aim ...
Kilov Andrea M - - 2010
To systematically review literature and electronic resources that address the topic of chatroom use of teenagers with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI). Electronic databases and websites on the Internet were searched up to and including 25 June 2009, using terms relating to chatroom use of teenagers without and with ...
Wootton Richard - - 2010
To review papers reporting actual experience with telemedicine in developing countries and to summarize their findings, including the strength of the evidence. A retrospective review was conducted. Study quality was assessed. Four commonly-used electronic databases. Study quality scores. From a total of 202 potential articles, 38 relevant papers were identified. ...
Zwicker Jill G - - 2010
The purpose of this review was to synthesize current evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of treadmill training (TT), including partial body-weight support (PBWS) TT (PBWSTT), TT only, robotic-assist PBWSTT, and mixed TT, in children with motor impairments. Systematic literature searches were conducted in 10 databases through May 2010. ...
Babamiri Kajal - - 2010
A wide range of cosmeceutical products are available on the market currently, but evidence to support their use is often lacking in the literature. Specifically, there is a substantial amount of evidence supporting the efficacy of tretinoin in photoaging, but the evidence supporting retinoid-based cosmeceuticals remains sparse. The authors review ...
Souza Ana - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes a wide variety of neurological deficits, with ambulatory impairment the most obvious cause of disability. Within 10 to 15 years of disease onset, 80% of persons with MS experience gait problems due to muscle weakness or spasticity, fatigue, and loss of balance. To facilitate mobility, persons ...
Georgiopoulos Miltiadis - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of the present article is a systematic review of the proposed medical or surgical treatments in patients in chronic vegetative state (VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS), as well as of their mechanisms of action and limitations. METHODS: For this review, we have agreed to include patients ...
Longo Umile Giuseppe - - 2010
The unique anatomy of the hip is challenging, and has slowed the progress of hip arthroscopy. The aim of this review is to provide an updated synthesis of existing clinical evidence on hip arthroscopy. A systematic computerized literature search was conducted by two independent reviewers using an iterative manipulation process ...
Al-Talib Ayman - - 2010
We present a case of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) after myoma morcellation and review the literature using the keywords leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata and disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis. The search was conducted in Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of systematic reviews. We encountered 132 cases of LPD in the English literature; 113 ...
Jamaty Chlo? - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) in the management of poisoned patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature with no time or language restriction. The electronic databases were searched from their inception until June 1, 2009 (Medline, EMBASE, ...
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