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Ellett Marsha L Cirgin - - 2010
A 2007 survey of members of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates identified a need for more evidence regarding sedation medications including propofol. Therefore, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Randomized Clinical Trials, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the National Guideline Clearinghouse (http://www.guideline.gov) databases were individually searched ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. Issue 4 for 2009 contains 4027 complete reviews, 1906 protocols for reviews in production, and 11447 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are citations of 600,000 randomized controlled trials, and 12,200 cited papers ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To perform a systematic pooled-data analysis of literature data involving laryngeal mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and pooled-data analysis. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, clinicaltrials.gov, and the National Guideline ...
Skoretz Stacey A - - 2010
Hospitalized patients are often at increased risk for oropharyngeal dysphagia following prolonged endotracheal intubation. Although reported incidence can be high, it varies widely. We conducted a systematic review to determine: (1) the incidence of dysphagia following endotracheal intubation, (2) the association between dysphagia and intubation time, and (3) patient characteristics ...
Tsui Ban C H - - 2010
This review was performed to evaluate and discuss the quality and outcomes of studies assessing ultrasound imaging in pediatric regional anesthesia. Literature searches were conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE, combining the search term "ultrasonography" with "regional anesthesia," "nerve block," "epidural anesthesia," and "spinal anesthesia," with the limit of 0 to ...
Molica Stefano - - 2010
A systematic and comprehensive search of literature was performed using MEDLINE databases from 1st January 1978 to 2nd November 2009 and hand search of references. A search performed by combining the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms 'Richter's syndrome' and 'chronic lymphocytic leukemia' (CLL) yielded 143 citations. Ten additional case-control studies ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2011
To review methods for completing knowledge synthesis. We discuss how to complete a broad range of knowledge syntheses. Our article is intended as an introductory guide. Many groups worldwide conduct knowledge syntheses, and some methods are applicable to most reviews. However, variations of these methods are apparent for different types ...
Thomson Andrew - - 2010
Sedation practices for endoscopy vary widely. The present review focuses on the commonly used regimens in endoscopic sedation and the associated risks and benefits together with the appropriate safety measures and monitoring practices. In addition, alternatives and additions to intravenous sedation are discussed. Personnel requirements for endoscopic sedation are reviewed; ...
Palmer Suetonia C - - 2010
A systematic review provides the best summary of evidence for clinical decision-making in nephrology by summarizing all the primary studies that evaluate a specific clinical question. By using rigorous and pre-specified methods, conclusions about the overall effect of an intervention can be more reliable, precise and comprehensive in a systematic ...
Roffey Darren M - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread musculoskeletal condition that frequently occurs in the working-age population. Numerous occupational physical activities have been implicated in its etiology. To conduct a systematic review establishing a causal relationship between occupational standing or walking and LBP. Systematic review of the literature. Studies reporting an ...
Liu Spencer S - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This systematic review summarizes existing evidence for superior onset, quality, and duration of block for ultrasound (US) guidance versus other techniques for nerve localization. METHODS: MEDLINE was systematically searched from 1966 to September 2009 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing US guidance to another technique for peripheral ...
Suebnukarn Siriwan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses have been suggested to be the highest form of evidence available to clinicians to guide clinical practice in dental care. High methodologic quality is a prerequisite for valid interpretation and application of review findings. However, meta-analyses are complex exercises, and assessing quality can be a daunting task. Clinicians ...
Johnson N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: UK guidelines recommend routine vaginal dilation during and after pelvic radiotherapy to prevent stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine critically the evidence behind this guideline. SEARCH STRATEGY: Cochrane-style systematic review of the data and literature relevant to vaginal dilation and stenosis attributable to radiotherapy. SELECTION CRITERIA: Any and every measure of ...
Stensvold Christen R - - 2010
Metronidazole constitutes a mainstay in the antimicrobial therapy of intestinal protozoa, and is also traditionally considered first-line therapy in cases where there is a requirement to treat Blastocystis, a common protist of disputable clinical significance. Many compounds have been used in attempts to eradicate the parasite, and an accumulating body ...
Kuo Bruce T - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (apical ballooning syndrome) has been reported with increased frequency, most commonly in postmenopausal women. Despite the gender disparity, no clear link between estrogen and its possible cardioprotective effects has been shown. We present a case series of takotsubo cardiomyopathy in women and examine the prevalence of estrogen replacement ...
Caddell Lisa S - - 2010
There is much debate in the literature as to the extent to which self and identity persist in people with dementia. The aim of this systematic review was to examine methods currently used to investigate self and identity in people with dementia, and the resulting evidence as to the persistence ...
Soler Robin E - - 2010
In 2000, the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) completed a systematic review of the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity including informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Among these approaches was the use of signs placed by elevators and escalators to encourage stair ...
Roffey Darren M - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a common and disabling musculoskeletal disorder that often occurs in a working-age population. Determining the precise causation of LBP remains difficult. Any attempt to implicate a specific occupational activity in the genesis of LBP requires a methodologically rigorous approach. To conduct a systematic review of ...
Schriger David L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Forest plots are graphical displays of findings of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Little is known about the style and content of these plots and whether published plots maximize the graphic's potential for information exchange. METHODS: We examine the number, style and content of forest plots presented in a previously ...
Whelan Kevin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are increasingly used in patients receiving nutritional support; however, some case reports and trials have questioned their safety in such patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the safety of probiotics in patients receiving nutritional support through a systematic review of case reports, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and ...
Muangpaisan Weerasak W Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
Non-hypolipidemic effects of statins, known as pleiotropic effects, are likely to explain the effect of statins on dementia. Results of the relationship between statins and dementia in previous studies are conflicting. There is no systematic review investigating the effect of statins on vascular dementia (VaD). This systematic review evaluates the ...
Rosen Laura J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the methods and findings of systematic reviews (SRs) on common tobacco control interventions from two organizations: the Cochrane Collaboration ("Cochrane") and the US Task Force for Community Preventive Services ("the Guide"). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Literature review. We retrieved all reviews pertaining to tobacco control produced by ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Systematic review. The applied definition of traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) lacks specific quantified diagnostic criteria. To review currently applied TCCS diagnostic criteria and quantitative data regarding the 'disproportionate weakness' between the upper and lower extremities described in original studies reporting on TCCS subjects. A MEDLINE (1966 to 2008) literature ...
Smith Amie E M - - 2010
Attachment theory has been proposed as a suitable framework within which to understand and explore the therapeutic alliance. This review systematically explores research that has examined the relationship between clients' self reported attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance. Methodological characteristics and study findings are reviewed and discussed with the aim ...
Kilov Andrea M - - 2010
To systematically review literature and electronic resources that address the topic of chatroom use of teenagers with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI). Electronic databases and websites on the Internet were searched up to and including 25 June 2009, using terms relating to chatroom use of teenagers without and with ...
Wootton Richard - - 2010
To review papers reporting actual experience with telemedicine in developing countries and to summarize their findings, including the strength of the evidence. A retrospective review was conducted. Study quality was assessed. Four commonly-used electronic databases. Study quality scores. From a total of 202 potential articles, 38 relevant papers were identified. ...
Zwicker Jill G - - 2010
The purpose of this review was to synthesize current evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of treadmill training (TT), including partial body-weight support (PBWS) TT (PBWSTT), TT only, robotic-assist PBWSTT, and mixed TT, in children with motor impairments. Systematic literature searches were conducted in 10 databases through May 2010. ...
Babamiri Kajal - - 2010
A wide range of cosmeceutical products are available on the market currently, but evidence to support their use is often lacking in the literature. Specifically, there is a substantial amount of evidence supporting the efficacy of tretinoin in photoaging, but the evidence supporting retinoid-based cosmeceuticals remains sparse. The authors review ...
Souza Ana - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes a wide variety of neurological deficits, with ambulatory impairment the most obvious cause of disability. Within 10 to 15 years of disease onset, 80% of persons with MS experience gait problems due to muscle weakness or spasticity, fatigue, and loss of balance. To facilitate mobility, persons ...
Georgiopoulos Miltiadis - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of the present article is a systematic review of the proposed medical or surgical treatments in patients in chronic vegetative state (VS) or minimally conscious state (MCS), as well as of their mechanisms of action and limitations. METHODS: For this review, we have agreed to include patients ...
Longo Umile Giuseppe - - 2010
The unique anatomy of the hip is challenging, and has slowed the progress of hip arthroscopy. The aim of this review is to provide an updated synthesis of existing clinical evidence on hip arthroscopy. A systematic computerized literature search was conducted by two independent reviewers using an iterative manipulation process ...
Al-Talib Ayman - - 2010
We present a case of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) after myoma morcellation and review the literature using the keywords leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata and disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis. The search was conducted in Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of systematic reviews. We encountered 132 cases of LPD in the English literature; 113 ...
Jamaty Chlo? - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) in the management of poisoned patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature with no time or language restriction. The electronic databases were searched from their inception until June 1, 2009 (Medline, EMBASE, ...
Giuca M R - - 2010
This study explores the possibility that the celiac disease (CD) may be correlated with the insurgence of some oral signs, as based on a systematic review of the literature. Should this correlation be proven, any dentistry's screening would then be important to diagnose early celiac sprue pathogenesis. A literature survey ...
Meyer Matthew J - - 2010
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding techniques used to promote arousal from coma following an acquired brain injury. MAIN OUTCOMES: A literature search of multiple databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO) and hand searched articles covering the years 1980-2008 was performed. Peer reviewed articles were assessed for methodological quality ...
Annane Djillali - - 2010
A recent report from the PROGRESS registry highlighted that low dose corticosteroids are widely used in patients with sepsis around the world. In this report, corticosteroids may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, these findings should be viewed with caution given that this study has several inherent flaws ...
Rinne Ari - - 2010
Scientists at the beginning of their careers often rely on the information obtained from review articles. Furthermore, the review articles are commonly used by sponsors in making their funding decisions of scientific projects. Thus it is very important to give a balanced view of the past as well as the ...
Niederman Richard - - 2010
DATA SOURCES: Studies were sourced using Biomed Central, Cochrane Oral Health Reviews, the Cochrane Library, Directory of Open Access Journals, Expanded ASAP Plus, the MetaRegister of Controlled Trials (www.controlled-trials.com/), Medline (PubMed) Science-Direct, Research Findings Electronic Register, and BBO/LILACS. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical trials and systematic reviews relevant to the review objective ...
Hammick Marilyn - - 2010
This paper outlines the essential aspects of conducting a systematic review of an educational topic beginning with the work needed once an initial idea for a review topic has been suggested through to the stage when all data from the selected primary studies has been coded. It draws extensively on ...
Poulsen Peter Bo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoke is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. A total of 50% of all smokers will die from a smoking-related disease with a major impact upon quality of life and health-care costs. Tobacco-controlling policies, including smoking cessation, have increasingly been implemented across European countries. Reported ...
Humphreys B Kim - - 2010
Pediatric manual therapy is controversial within the medical community particularly with respect to adverse events. Pediatric manual therapy (Ped MT) is commonly used by a number of professions such as chiropractors, osteopaths and naturopaths for a variety of treatments in children. Ped MT interventions range from advice, light touch, massage, ...
Rubin G James - - 2010
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF; formerly 'electromagetic hypersensitivity') is a medically unexplained illness in which subjective symptoms are reported following exposure to electrical devices. In an earlier systematic review, we reported data from 31 blind provocation studies which had exposed IEI-EMF volunteers to active or sham electromagnetic ...
Hertle Richard W - - 2010
To discuss the common characteristics of infants and children with nystagmus and review treatments and their evidence. The NEI-sponsored classification of eye movement abnormalities and strabismus and a PubMed search for papers from 1995 through 2005 on interventions for Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome (INS) are reviewed. The review of treatments revealed ...
Ganann Rebecca - - 2010
Policy makers and others often require synthesis of knowledge in an area within six months or less. Traditional systematic reviews typically take at least 12 months to conduct. Rapid reviews streamline traditional systematic review methods in order to synthesize evidence within a shortened timeframe. There is great variation in the ...
Torchia Daniele - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even after the description of papuloerythroderma of Ofuji (PEO) in 1984, little is known about this clinical entity. OBJECTIVE: To report on 2 new cases of PEO and review of the worldwide literature on this topic. METHODS: Article citations were searched on several biomedical search engines (PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, ...
Brien Susan E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is an extensive body of literature on health system quality reporting that has yet to be characterized. Scoping is a novel methodology for systematically assessing the breadth of a body of literature in a particular research area. Our objectives were to showcase the scoping review methodology in the ...
McGauran Natalie - - 2010
Reporting bias represents a major problem in the assessment of health care interventions. Several prominent cases have been described in the literature, for example, in the reporting of trials of antidepressants, Class I anti-arrhythmic drugs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors. The aim of this narrative review is to gain an overview ...
Jaidee Wanlop - - 2010
The recommended interval between updates for systematic reviews included in The Cochrane Library is 2 years. However, it is unclear whether this interval is always appropriate. Whereas excessive updating wastes time and resources, insufficient updating allows out-of-date or incomplete evidence to guide clinical decision-making. We set out to determine, for ...
Fischer Walker Christa L - - 2010
Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in all regions of the world and among all ages, yet little is known about the fraction of diarrhea episodes and deaths due to each pathogen. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify all papers reporting the proportion of diarrhea ...
Ono Shimpei - - 2010
In order to improve health care efficiency and effectiveness, treatments should provide disease improvement or resolution at a reasonable cost. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) published a guideline for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in 2009 based on review of the literature up to April 6, 2007. ...
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