Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 918
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Stuifbergen Alexa K - - 2010
Persons living with the effects of chronic and disabling conditions are often at increased risk for the development of secondary conditions and disabilities that can lead to further decline in health status, independence, functional status, life satisfaction, and overall quality of life. The purpose of this study was to review ...
Lui Steve - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Given the international focus and rigorous literature searches employed in Cochrane systematic reviews, this study was undertaken to evaluate strategies employed in Cochrane reviews and protocols assessing acupuncture as a primary or secondary intervention. METHODS: The Cochrane Collaboration of systematic reviews was searched in February 2009 for all reviews ...
Herselman Marietjie - - 2010
The primary objective of this systematic review was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Systematic review of primarily observational studies. Adult patients from all gender, race, or ethnic groups on maintenance hemodialysis. Medline, Science Citation Index, Academic Search Premier, Cochrane Library, and ...
MacDonald Susan L - - 2010
PURPOSE: Well done systematic reviews provide the highest quality evidence for clinical questions of therapeutic effectiveness. We assessed the methodological quality of systematic reviews in the urological literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically investigated all systematic reviews published in 4 major urological journals from 1998 to 2008. Studies were identified ...
Dias Andrew - - 2010
The study of errors in medicine has proliferated since the publication of The Institute of Medicine Report 'TO ERR IS HUMAN' in 2000. Case nuances and process of care issues are valuable areas to explore if the goal is to provide the health care worker with the knowledge to avoid ...
Jellema P P Department of General Practice, EMGO Institute for Health and Care research, VU University Medical Centre and NIVEL (Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research), Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The - - 2010
When lactose malabsorption gives rise to symptoms, the result is called 'lactose intolerance'. Although lactose intolerance is often bothersome for patients, once recognized it may be managed by simple dietary adjustments. However, diagnosing lactose intolerance is not straightforward, especially in primary care. To summarize available evidence on the diagnostic performance ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and also has been updated monthly online since January 2010. Issue 1 for 2010 contains 4125 complete reviews, 1924 protocols for reviews in production, and 11,887 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. ...
Wai Eugene K - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a disorder that commonly affects the working population, resulting in disability, health-care utilization, and a heavy socioeconomic burden. Although the etiology of LBP remains uncertain, occupational activities have been implicated. Evaluating these potentially causal relationships requires a methodologically rigorous approach. Occupational repetitive and/or heavy lifting ...
Papaioannou Diana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Literature for a systematic review on the student experience of e-learning is located across a range of subject areas including health, education, social science, library and information science. OBJECTIVES: To assess the merits and shortcomings of using different search techniques in retrieval of evidence in the social science literature. ...
Ridgewell Emily - - 2010
Studies which have examined the effects of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on children with cerebral palsy (CP) often report insufficient detail about the participants, devices and testing protocols. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the level and quality of detail reported about these factors in order to generate ...
Borgeat Alain - - 2010
The literature on the impact of opioid pharmacotherapy on driving ability and safety is reviewed. Recommendations for safe driving while taking opioids and limitations of the data are discussed.
Roffey Darren M - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent and expensive musculoskeletal condition that predominantly occurs in working-age individuals of industrialized nations. Although numerous occupational physical activities have been implicated in its etiology, determining the causation of occupational LBP still remains a challenge. To conduct a systematic review evaluating the causal relationship ...
Zaina F - - 2010
AIM: Since 2007 we focused our attention as EJPRM to the best available clinical evidence as offered by the Cochrane Collaboration. Due to the absence of a specific Rehabilitation Group (only a Field exists), reviews of PRM interest are in different groups and not easy to find. Consequently, the EJPRM ...
Rocha-e-Silva Mauricio - - 2010
This review of original reports on metabolic and infectious diseases that were recently published in Brazilian journals is designed to inform the readership of CLINICS about their content. I conducted a search in PubMed for original research articles (clinical or basic research) recently published (2008-2009) by Brazilian medical and biological ...
Worthington Hv - - 2010
Oral Diseases (2010) doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01674.x Objectives: To provide readers with information about the Cochrane Oral Health Group and how the reviews on oral diseases have contributed to guideline developments and the commissioning of trials. Materials and methods: Examples have been selected from the reviews published on The Cochrane Library. Descriptions ...
Chung Mei - - 2010
Workshops sponsored by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the World Health Organization suggested that incorporating systematic (evidence) reviews into the process of updating nutrient reference values would provide a comprehensive and distilled evidence document to decision makers and enhance the transparency of the decision-making process the IOM used in ...
Semlitsch Thomas - - 2010
Radiofrequency ablation with the HALO system is a new option for the treatment of patients with Barrett's esophagus. This systematic review summarizes the results of all relevant publications on this topic to answer patient-relevant clinical questions and to evaluate the potential benefit and harm of this new therapy. A systematic ...
Lund Crick - - 2010
In spite of high levels of poverty in low and middle income countries (LMIC), and the high burden posed by common mental disorders (CMD), it is only in the last two decades that research has emerged that empirically addresses the relationship between poverty and CMD in these countries. We conducted ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2010
To assess the impact of including unpublished data on adverse effects in systematic reviews. We carried out a systematic review of methodological evaluations that compared the quantitative reporting of adverse effects data between published and unpublished sources, in particular, the frequency, rate, or risk of reported adverse effects. Included studies ...
Wai Eugene K - - 2010
Occupational low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder that results in high healthcare use and a heavy societal burden from morbidity and medical costs. The etiology of LBP is unclear, although numerous physical activities in the workplace have been implicated in its development. Determining the causal relationship between ...
Mann Rachel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression (PND) has a significant impact on maternal mental health. Systematic reviews provide a useful tool to summarise research, however little is known about the quantity and quality of existing systematic reviews of prevalence and incidence of PND. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to provide a ...
Ng K H - - 2010
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) aims to combine the best available scientific evidence with clinical experience and individual judgment of patient needs. In the hierarchy of scientific evidence, systematic reviews (along with meta-analyses) occupy the highest levels in terms of the quality of evidence. A systematic review is the process of searching, ...
Robinson Richard - - 2010
This paper examined quality of forensic reports submitted to the Hawaii Judiciary. Hawaii utilizes a three panel system for assessing fitness to proceed, where two psychologists and one psychiatrist submit independent reports to the Court. Utilizing a survey instrument based on previous research and nationally-derived quality standards, 150 competency to ...
Arbesman Marian - - 2010
Systematic reviews of literature relevant to children and adolescents with difficulty processing and integrating sensory information are important to the practice of occupational therapy in this area. This article explains the five questions that were developed and served as the focus for these reviews: neuronal plasticity, subtyping, sensory integration and ...
Calabria Bianca - - 2010
ISSUES: To conduct a comprehensive search of the peer-reviewed literature to assess risk of cannabis-related mortality. APPROACH: Systematic peer-reviewed literature searches were conducted in Medline, EMBASE and PsycINFO to identify data on mortality associated with cannabis use. Search strings for cannabis and mortality were used. Searches were limited to human ...
Shadgan Babak - - 2010
To identify the 100 top-cited articles ever published in rehabilitation journals and to analyze their characteristics as a quantitative approach to investigating the quality and evolution of rehabilitation research. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database and the 2007 and 2008 Journal Citation Report Science Editions were used ...
Doull Marion - - 2010
To examine the use of sex- and gender-based analysis (SGBA) in systematic reviews of cardiovascular health in order to strengthen the evidence base for clinical practice and policy. To determine the current status of SGBA in systematic reviews, an appraisal tool was developed by the research team and applied by ...
Minozzi Silvia - - 2010
ISSUES: Cross-sectional surveys have revealed that cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance in Western countries. Cannabis intoxication can lead to acute, transient psychotic symptoms and the short-term exacerbation of pre-existing psychotic symptoms. However, controversy exists about whether cannabis can actually cause long-term psychosis. APPROACH: We summarised the findings ...
Lane Shelly J - - 2010
When Ayres first presented the theory of sensory integration (SI), she grounded it in the neuroscience literature. Neuroplasticity was then, and is today, considered to be at the heart of this theory. This evidence-based review sought to critically examine the basic science literature to specifically identify evidence for the assumptions ...
Zikria Jennifer - - 2010
Based on anecdotal reports, the question of whether cranberry juice interacts with warfarin has been raised. This article discusses the potential mechanism, and systematically reviews case reports as well as clinical trials examining the possible interaction. We systematically searched MEDLINE via PubMed, and the Cochrane Library database. Fifteen case reports ...
Reeves Scott - - 2010
Over the past decade systematic reviews of interprofessional education (IPE) have provided a more informed understanding of the effects of this type of education. This paper contributes to this literature by reporting an update of a Cochrane systematic review published in this journal ten years ago (Zwarenstein et al., 1999 ...
Mullassery D D Division of Child Health, University of Liverpool, Alder Hey Children's Hospital NHS Trust, Liverpool, UK. - - 2010
Intrathoracic liver herniation (ILH) is being used to estimate prognosis and hence guide antenatal interventions in fetal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). However, the literature regarding its utility in this role is conflicting. This review systematically examines the currently available evidence of ILH use in fetal CDH. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases ...
Durand Anne-Claire - - 2011
Nonurgent visits to emergency departments (ED) are a controversial issue; they have been negatively associated with crowding and costs. We have conducted a critical review of the literature regarding methods for categorizing ED visits into urgent or nonurgent and analyzed the proportions of nonurgent ED visits. We found 51 methods ...
Scheffel Peter T - - 2010
Chondrolysis can be a devastating complication of shoulder arthroscopy. We undertook a review of the 100 cases reported in the English language to test the hypothesis that common factors could be identified and that the identification of these factors could suggest strategies for avoiding this complication. We systematically reviewed the ...
Sundt Gullhaugen Aina - - 2011
The character Hannibal "the Cannibal" Lecter, best known from the motion picture The Silence of the Lambs from 1991, has become a cultural icon and model for later portrayals of seriously disturbed offenders. He displays key characteristics of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, such as arrogance, manipulation, callousness, and lack of remorse. ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (generally considered to be the most reliable source of evidence) was searched in January 2010. STUDY SELECTION: Cochrane reviews with the term "homeopathy" in the title, abstract or keywords were ...
Bronson C - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to changes in balance due to the breakdown of a number of neurological processes. Hippotherapy utilizes the movement of the horse to provide sensory feedback and has been used as a therapeutic intervention for different neurological conditions. Little is known about the effects of hippotherapy in ...
Bronson C - - 2010
AIM: Multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to changes in balance due to the breakdown of a number of neurological processes. Hippotherapy utilizes the movement of the horse to provide sensory feedback and has been used as a therapeutic intervention for different neurological conditions. Little is known about the effects of hippotherapy ...
- - 2010
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of new or emerging endoscopic technologies that have the potential to have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used by performing a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent preclinical and clinical studies on the ...
Boyd Jeff - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Avalanche resuscitation will save lives if focussed on victims that have the potential to survive. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine 4 critical prognostic factors for burial victims in cardiac arrest. METHODS: Time of burial, airway patency, core temperature and serum potassium level were analyzed as ...
Kurmis Andrew P - - 2010
The risk of secondary haematologic complications such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism increases significantly when a transient period of hypercoagulability is induced after total hip replacement (THR). A number of drug-based anticoagulant approaches are available to modulate this risk, but the optimal length of therapy for such approaches ...
Al-Mosawi Aamir Jalal - - 2010
Essential oil preparation of the terpenic type was introduced for the first time in the 1930s for the management of urolithiasis. Although essential oil preparations are registered in 50 countries, including some developed countries such as the United Kingdom, Italy, and Japan, for use in urolithiasis, no literature has been ...
Roberston-Malt Suzie - - 2010
Overview of reviews, compiling evidence from multiple Cochrane reviews into one accessible and usable document, is a new methodology being developed by the Cochrane methods group and mastered by the Child Health Network. Overviews of reviews are rapidly gaining in popularity as a 'friendly front end' to the Cochrane Library. ...
Jälevik B - - 2010
AIM: This was to review the literature published, to point out shortcomings and to suggest areas in need of improvement concerning the diagnosis and prevalence of MIH. METHODS: A broad search of the PubMed database was conducted. Relevant papers published in English were identified after a review of their titles, ...
Classie Justin A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chest protectors and/or safety baseballs reduce the incidence of commotio cordis during sport through a review of the best available evidence. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Embase databases from 1950 to 2009. We selected articles according to "death, sudden, cardiac," "commotio cordis," "sports equipment," and ...
Makris Una E - - 2010
To systematically review the literature on reported adverse effects (AE) associated with use of topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). A systematic search of Medline (1950 to November 2009), Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane databases, Dissertation and American College of Rheumatology meeting abstracts was ...
Gagnon Marie-Pierre MP Quebec University Hospital Research Centre, Québec City, Canada. - - 2012
This systematic review of mixed methods studies focuses on factors that can facilitate or limit the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in clinical settings. Systematic searches of relevant bibliographic databases identified studies about interventions promoting ICT adoption by healthcare professionals. Content analysis was performed by two reviewers using ...
Bhardwaj Gaurav - - 2010
To review systematically the diagnostic accuracy of various ocular signs for pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT). Intraocular hemorrhages (IOH), perimacular retinal folds, traumatic retinoschisis and optic nerve sheath hemorrhages have been reported as cardinal signs of AHT. The evidence base supporting the accuracy of this interpretation, however, has not been ...
Hohl Corinne M - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on the effect of a bolus dose of etomidate on adrenal function, mortality, and health services utilization compared with other induction agents used for rapid sequence intubation. METHODS: We developed a systematic search strategy and applied it to 10 electronic bibliographic databases. We hand ...
Krassioukov A - - 2010
Randomized-controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort, case-control, pre-post studies, and case reports that assessed pharmacological and non-pharmacological intervention for the management of the neurogenic bowel after spinal cord injury (SCI) were included. To systematically review the evidence for the management of neurogenic bowel in individuals with SCI. Literature searches were conducted ...
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