Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 937
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Pinto Evelin - - 2012
Objective: To report the outcomes from two cases of ovarian stimulation following the sole administration of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in the context of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design: A case study was conducted. Setting: National Referral Unit of Reproductive Medicine. Patients: Two infertile women undergoing IVF participated in the ...
Leff D R - - 2012
Aim  A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to examine reported cases of stump appendicitis (SA) to determine the relationship between SA and the original operative strategy (open vs laparoscopic), and to evaluate the clinical features and diagnosis. Method  A Pub-med search was conducted to identify cases of appendicitis ...
Nigam Aruna A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, Delhi 110001, - - 2012
Genital prolapse is commonly observed in postmenopausal and multiparous women, However, nulliparous women contribute to 2% of prevalence. We report a case of 21-year-old female who presented with a large nabothian cyst contributing to prolapse. This is the first case reported in the literature.
Swank H A - - 2011
Aim  Histopathological examination of the appendix after appendectomy is routinely performed. The object of this systematic review is to determine whether routine histopathological examination of the appendix is justified. Method  PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane library were searched without language restriction up to 1 October 2009. All ...
de Vet E - - 2011
An extensive body of research exists on environmental influences on weight-related behaviours in young people. Existing reviews aimed to synthesize this body of work, but generally focused on specific samples, behaviours or environmental influences and integration of findings is lacking. Hereto, we reviewed 18 reviews representing 671 unique studies, aiming ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2011
The occurrence of an inhibitor against coagulation factor V (FV) is a rare but challenging condition, which may span from asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities to potentially life-threatening bleeding. The onset of FV inhibitors has been associated most frequently in the past with the patients' exposure to topical bovine thrombin administered during ...
Hodges Laura J LJ University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2011
What do we mean by a 'psychological intervention' in the context of cancer care? It is critical to know what treatments are included under this term, if data from diverse treatment trials are to be summarized in order to inform clinical practice. We, therefore, aimed to determine how the term ...
Prasad Ganesh - - 2011
The treatment of discal cysts is controversial, with different surgical options described in the literature. We present an interesting case of spontaneous resolution of a symptomatic discal cyst. Based on our case report, we recommend non-operative management in the first instance and an up-to-date MRI scan before contemplating surgery.
Juneja Manish - - 2011
The present report describes a case of a lingual cyst lined by a respiratory epithelium occurring in a 1-year-old girl. The article also reviews the cases published in the literature under the heading of lingual cysts and segregates all the cases having predominant respiratory epithelium as the cystic lining. Reclassification, ...
Guerrero M E - - 2011
This review evaluates the evidence for the diagnostic efficacy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for impacted teeth and associated features. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched using specific indexing terms and reference lists were hand searched. Two reviewers selected relevant publications on the basis of pre-determined inclusion ...
Teh B M - - 2011
Background:Paratracheal air-filled cysts are rare. Tracheocoele or acquired tracheal diverticulum is the term given to these acquired abnormalities, which usually arise in adults. The majority is asymptomatic, being discovered as incidental findings on radiological imaging.Methods:We report the case of a 72-year-old man with a previously identified tracheocoele which became symptomatic ...
Kaguelidou Florentia - - 2011
: Ciprofloxacin has no marketing authorization for use in neonates worldwide but it is prescribed for the treatment of neonatal life-threatening infections, mainly in developing countries and in Europe. Given the concerns about its toxicity in this population and the necessity for its use in specific clinical situations, we conducted ...
Kamlesh Yadav - - 2011
Parvovirus B19 is the etiologic agent of erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), a fever-rash illness occurring in childhood. We present a 10 month old child with high grade fever for 10 days, generalized tonic-clonic seizure, bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, generalized maculopapular rash, hematemesis and malena. Bone marrow aspiration and liver biopsy were ...
Eton David T - - 2011
Interest in the efficacy and potential deleterious consequences of treatment with erythropoietic-stimulating agents (ESAs) is very high. Recently, the ESAs have come under intense scrutiny as several clinical trials have shown their use to be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis, and a concern for increased mortality risk in ...
Kim Tad - - 2011
Round ligament tumors are rare, and when found are typically leiomyomas. Herein is described a case of an epidermoid cyst of the round ligament, previously reported only once in the literature. Epidermoid cysts are similar to dermoid tumors but have only an epidermis-lined structure filled with keratin. Management included laparoscopic ...
Li Jing-Yi - - 2011
Objectives. To evaluate the reporting quality of published randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the Tai Chi literature following the publication of the CONSORT guidelines in 2001. Data Sources. The OVID MEDLINE and PUBMED databases. Review Methods. To survey the general characteristics of Tai Chi RCTs in the literature, we included ...
Sobota A - - 2011
Thalassemia is a chronic, inherited blood disorder, which, in its most severe form, causes life-threatening anemia. Advances in treatment have led to increased life expectancy however the need for chronic blood transfusions and chelation therapy remains a significant burden for patients. Our study compared health related quality of life (HRQOL) ...
de Andrade Márcia - - 2012
As the lateral periodontal cyst (LPC) is an unusual odontogenic cyst, most papers are single case reports or series with a limited number of cases, with few large series. The aim of this study is to report an additional case of LPC, emphasizing the clinical, radiographic, and histopathological features, differential ...
Denagamage T - - 2010
A systematic review approach was used to evaluate the association between sub-therapeutic antibiotics in feed and Salmonella Typhimurium isolation in market-weight finisher swine raised in modern swine production systems. Fourteen challenge trials described the efficacy of different antibiotics after challenge with S. Typhimurium. The studies identified were of limited evidentiary ...
Thomas Mark V - - 2010
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Systematic review on the effect of rinsing with povidone-iodine during nonsurgical therapy. Sahrmann P, Puhan MA, Attin T, Scmidlin PR. J Periodontal Res 2010;45:153-64. REVIEWER: Mark V. Thomas, DMD. PURPOSE/QUESTION: In patients with chronic periodontitis, does intrasulcular irrigation with povidone-iodine (PVP-I) offer an adjunctive benefit ...
Batchelor J M - - 2010
This review summarizes clinically important findings from nine systematic reviews of the causes, treatment and prevention of atopic eczema (AE) published between August 2008 and August 2009. Two systematic reviews concluded that there is a strong and consistent association between filaggrin (FLG) mutations and development of eczema. The associations between ...
Lerner Fred - - 2010
The value of a systematic review or meta-analysis depends upon the care with which it is designed and conducted. A major factor in this is the literature search that identifies the articles to be reviewed. Careful selection of bibliographic databases and the use of well-designed search strategies based on the ...
Macdonald-Jankowski D S - - 2010
The aims of the review were to evaluate the principal clinical and conventional radiographic features of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) by systematic review (SR), and to compare the frequency of OOC between four global groups. The databases searched were the PubMed interface of MEDLINE and LILACS. Only those reports of ...
Brundage Michael - - 2011
To assess the patterns of, and trends over time in, health-related quality of life (HRQL) reporting in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The English-language literature of RCTs published in 2002-2008 was identified using Medline, Embase, and Healthstar databases, in addition to the Cochrane Clinical Trials Registry. Eligible trials were phase III ...
Sayre Michael R - - 2010
In summary, the evidence review process has attempted to provide a systematic review of the scientific literature using a priori defined methods. The details and steps of the literature review are transparent and replicable. External opinions and community critique are highly valued, and the final products represent the combined labor ...
Cho Eujin - - 2010
Milia are small, white, benign keratinous cysts that are frequently encountered. Multiple eruptive milia are rare, and are characterized by the development of milia that are more extensive in number and distribution than would be expected in primary milia. We report a case of a 19-year-old girl with tiny, white ...
Abduo J J Department of Oral Rehabilitation, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. - - 2010
The aim of this study is to review all the published literature investigating the accuracy of fit of zirconia fixed partial dentures (FPD). A comprehensive electronic search was performed through PubMed (MEDLINE) using Boolean operators to combine the following key words: 'zirconia,''margin,''FPD,''internal,''fit,''gap,''fitting surface,''bridge' and 'fixed prosthesis.' The search was limited ...
Perrier Laure - - 2011
Systematic reviews have the potential to inform clinical decisions, yet little is known about the impact of interventions on increasing the use of systematic reviews in clinical decision-making. To systematically review the evidence on the impact of interventions for seeking, appraising, and applying evidence from systematic reviews in decision-making by ...
Shamliyan Tatyana - - 2010
High-quality epidemiologic research is essential in reducing chronic diseases. We analyzed the quality of systematic reviews of observational nontherapeutic studies. We searched several databases for systematic reviews of observational nontherapeutic studies that examined the prevalence of or risk factors for chronic diseases and were published in core clinical journals from ...
Viglianisi Azzurra - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of a lingual arch on mandibular arch dimensions when it is used as a space maintainer. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane Central, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were surveyed for articles published between January 1980 and January ...
Worthington H V - - 2010
 To provide readers with information about the Cochrane Oral Health Group and how the reviews on oral diseases have contributed to guideline developments and the commissioning of trials. Examples have been selected from the reviews published on The Cochrane Library. Descriptions are given of how these reviews have been used ...
- - 2010
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of existing, new, or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent clinical studies on the topic and a MAUDE (U.S. Food ...
Delaney Meghan - - 2010
As evidence-based medicine assumes increasing importance, there is a need for high-quality reporting of clinical studies. A recent review of clinical platelet (PLT) studies indicated variability in reporting. We undertook a critical analysis of PLT transfusion studies to determine the quality of reporting. A systematic MEDLINE search for clinical studies ...
Viglianisi Azzurra - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of a lingual arch on mandibular arch dimensions when it is used as a space maintainer. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane Central, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were surveyed for articles published between January 1980 and January ...
Warren R B - - 2010
This review summarizes the clinical importance of 18 systematic reviews and guidelines on psoriasis published or indexed between November 2008 and October 2009. The topics covered include guidance on the use of topical, systemic and biological therapies for the treatment of psoriasis; comorbidities associated with psoriasis; and complementary therapies for ...
Liu Constance - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to summarise the current state of healthcare quality improvement literature focusing on sub-Saharan Africa. Conventional methods of searching the literature were quickly found to be inadequate or inappropriate, given the different needs of practitioners in sub-Saharan Africa, and the inaccessibility of the literature. The ...
Pigni A - - 2010
Workpackage 3.1 (WP 3.1), within the European Palliative Research Collaborative (EPCRC), was aimed at critically revising and updating the European Association for Palliative Care recommendations on cancer pain management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of the first phase in the revision process which consists of ...
- - 2010
The ASGE Technology Committee provides reviews of existing, new, or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent clinical studies on the topic and a MAUDE (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for ...
Monasta L L Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy. - - 2010
The aim of this paper was to review the evidence for early-life (from conception to 5 years of age) determinants of obesity. The design is review of published systematic reviews. Data sources included Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO. Identification of 22 eligible reviews from a database ...
Autorino Riccardo - - 2010
Abstract Purpose: To assess the quality of reporting of randomized conrolled trials (RCTs) presented in abstract form at the annual World Congress of Endourology (WCE) and evaluate their course of subsequent publication. Materials and Methods: All RCTs presented in abstract form at the 2004, 2005, and 2006 WCE annual meetings ...
Waffenschmidt Siw - - 2010
National databases may be useful sources in the production of a systematic review (SR). The aim of this study was to assess the potential benefit of a systematic search in the German database 'Current Contents Medizin' (CCMed). The study was conducted on the basis of published SRs that included CCMed ...
Marshall Julie - - 2010
Background: Systematic reviews are increasingly being carried out in speech-and-language therapy and are used by practitioners, service commissioners, policy-makers and researchers to inform decision-making, as the body of evidence available about speech-and-language therapy grows. Although systematic reviewing is developing to incorporate new methods of review and synthesis, there are currently ...
Sodergren Mikael H - - 2010
The safe closure of the gastrotomy needs to be established before natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) can be extended to routine clinical practice. As yet no optimum closure method has been identified. A systematic review of the literature on gastrotomy closure modalities for NOTES up until December 2009 was ...
Granerod J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The threat of emerging infections and recognition of novel immune-mediated forms of encephalitis has raised the profile of this condition in recent years. Incidence is poorly defined and most cases have an unknown cause. There is currently much interest in identification of new microbial agents of encephalitis, but no ...
Henderson Lorna K - - 2010
The Cochrane Collaboration is a global network whose aim is to improve health-care decision making through systematic reviews of the effects of health-care interventions. Cochrane systematic reviews are published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews within The Cochrane Library ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com), and regularly updated as new evidence arises. Cochrane ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published monthly online and in a DVD format four times a year. The April 2010 issue contains 6049 complete reviews, 1924 protocols for reviews in production, and 11887 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are ...
Zaina F - - 2010
Since 2007 we focused our attention as EJPRM to the best available clinical evidence as offered by the Cochrane Collaboration. Due to the absence of a specific Rehabilitation Group (only a Field exists), reviews of PRM interest are in different groups and not easy to find. Consequently, the EJPRM offer ...
Kranke Peter - - 2010
One approach to clinical decision-making requires the integration of the best available research evidence with individual clinical expertise and patient values, and is known as evidence-based medicine (EBM). In clinical decision-making with the current best evidence, systematic reviews have an important role. This review article covers the basic principles of ...
Grunau Brian E - - 2010
The use of dantrolene in the treatment of hyperpyrexia related to MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is controversial, with little data available to guide clinical decision-making. Although the treatment is recommended by several poison control centres, published data are primarily in the form of case reports and animal and in vitro experiments. We ...
Rookmoneea M - - 2010
There are many types of treatment used to manage the frozen shoulder, but there is no consensus on how best to manage patients with this painful and debilitating condition. We conducted a review of the evidence of the effectiveness of interventions used to manage primary frozen shoulder using the Cochrane ...
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