Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 908
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Viglianisi Azzurra - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of a lingual arch on mandibular arch dimensions when it is used as a space maintainer. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane Central, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were surveyed for articles published between January 1980 and January ...
Worthington H V - - 2010
 To provide readers with information about the Cochrane Oral Health Group and how the reviews on oral diseases have contributed to guideline developments and the commissioning of trials. Examples have been selected from the reviews published on The Cochrane Library. Descriptions are given of how these reviews have been used ...
- - 2010
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of existing, new, or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent clinical studies on the topic and a MAUDE (U.S. Food ...
Delaney Meghan - - 2010
As evidence-based medicine assumes increasing importance, there is a need for high-quality reporting of clinical studies. A recent review of clinical platelet (PLT) studies indicated variability in reporting. We undertook a critical analysis of PLT transfusion studies to determine the quality of reporting. A systematic MEDLINE search for clinical studies ...
Viglianisi Azzurra - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of a lingual arch on mandibular arch dimensions when it is used as a space maintainer. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane Central, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were surveyed for articles published between January 1980 and January ...
Warren R B - - 2010
This review summarizes the clinical importance of 18 systematic reviews and guidelines on psoriasis published or indexed between November 2008 and October 2009. The topics covered include guidance on the use of topical, systemic and biological therapies for the treatment of psoriasis; comorbidities associated with psoriasis; and complementary therapies for ...
Liu Constance - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to summarise the current state of healthcare quality improvement literature focusing on sub-Saharan Africa. Conventional methods of searching the literature were quickly found to be inadequate or inappropriate, given the different needs of practitioners in sub-Saharan Africa, and the inaccessibility of the literature. The ...
Pigni A - - 2010
Workpackage 3.1 (WP 3.1), within the European Palliative Research Collaborative (EPCRC), was aimed at critically revising and updating the European Association for Palliative Care recommendations on cancer pain management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of the first phase in the revision process which consists of ...
- - 2010
The ASGE Technology Committee provides reviews of existing, new, or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent clinical studies on the topic and a MAUDE (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for ...
Monasta L L Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy. - - 2010
The aim of this paper was to review the evidence for early-life (from conception to 5 years of age) determinants of obesity. The design is review of published systematic reviews. Data sources included Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO. Identification of 22 eligible reviews from a database ...
Autorino Riccardo - - 2010
Abstract Purpose: To assess the quality of reporting of randomized conrolled trials (RCTs) presented in abstract form at the annual World Congress of Endourology (WCE) and evaluate their course of subsequent publication. Materials and Methods: All RCTs presented in abstract form at the 2004, 2005, and 2006 WCE annual meetings ...
Waffenschmidt Siw - - 2010
National databases may be useful sources in the production of a systematic review (SR). The aim of this study was to assess the potential benefit of a systematic search in the German database 'Current Contents Medizin' (CCMed). The study was conducted on the basis of published SRs that included CCMed ...
Marshall Julie - - 2010
Background: Systematic reviews are increasingly being carried out in speech-and-language therapy and are used by practitioners, service commissioners, policy-makers and researchers to inform decision-making, as the body of evidence available about speech-and-language therapy grows. Although systematic reviewing is developing to incorporate new methods of review and synthesis, there are currently ...
Sodergren Mikael H - - 2010
The safe closure of the gastrotomy needs to be established before natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) can be extended to routine clinical practice. As yet no optimum closure method has been identified. A systematic review of the literature on gastrotomy closure modalities for NOTES up until December 2009 was ...
Granerod J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The threat of emerging infections and recognition of novel immune-mediated forms of encephalitis has raised the profile of this condition in recent years. Incidence is poorly defined and most cases have an unknown cause. There is currently much interest in identification of new microbial agents of encephalitis, but no ...
Henderson Lorna K - - 2010
The Cochrane Collaboration is a global network whose aim is to improve health-care decision making through systematic reviews of the effects of health-care interventions. Cochrane systematic reviews are published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews within The Cochrane Library ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com), and regularly updated as new evidence arises. Cochrane ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published monthly online and in a DVD format four times a year. The April 2010 issue contains 6049 complete reviews, 1924 protocols for reviews in production, and 11887 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there are ...
Zaina F - - 2010
Since 2007 we focused our attention as EJPRM to the best available clinical evidence as offered by the Cochrane Collaboration. Due to the absence of a specific Rehabilitation Group (only a Field exists), reviews of PRM interest are in different groups and not easy to find. Consequently, the EJPRM offer ...
Kranke Peter - - 2010
One approach to clinical decision-making requires the integration of the best available research evidence with individual clinical expertise and patient values, and is known as evidence-based medicine (EBM). In clinical decision-making with the current best evidence, systematic reviews have an important role. This review article covers the basic principles of ...
Grunau Brian E - - 2010
The use of dantrolene in the treatment of hyperpyrexia related to MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is controversial, with little data available to guide clinical decision-making. Although the treatment is recommended by several poison control centres, published data are primarily in the form of case reports and animal and in vitro experiments. We ...
Rookmoneea M - - 2010
There are many types of treatment used to manage the frozen shoulder, but there is no consensus on how best to manage patients with this painful and debilitating condition. We conducted a review of the evidence of the effectiveness of interventions used to manage primary frozen shoulder using the Cochrane ...
van Brakel Wim - - 2010
The ILEP Technical Commission (ITC) advises ILEP member associations on technical aspects of leprosy. A major review of research evidence in leprosy was published prior to the International Leprosy Congress in 2002. This current report updates that review based on research published between 2002-2009 and focuses on interventions for prevention, ...
Delière Marie - - 2010
The Cochrane Collaboration is an international scientific not-for-profit organization the purpose of which is to produce and distribute systematic reviews of randomized clinical trials. The aim of this paper is to list the different existing Cochrane systematic reviews in the field of dentofacial orthopedics (DFO) and to analyse their main ...
Smith E V - - 2011
This review highlights clinically important findings about acne treatment identified in nine systematic reviews published or indexed in the period March 2009 to February 2010. A systematic review of dietary influences on acne suggested that a possible role of dietary factors in acne cannot be dismissed, as the studies to ...
Bown M J - - 2010
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are being submitted to, and being published by biomedical journals with increasing frequency. In order to maintain the utility of such publications and avoid misguidance it is important that these studies are conducted to a high standard. This article aims to provide guidance both for those ...
Castagnetti Marco - - 2010
We systematically reviewed the literature published during the last 20 years on the treatment of primary proximal hypospadias associated with severe ventral curvature. We reviewed studies published between 1990 and December 2009, searching for "hypospadias" in MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. The search yielded 69 pertinent ...
Mazzocato Pamela - - 2010
To understand how lean thinking has been put into practice in healthcare and how it has worked. A realist literature review. Data sources The authors systematically searched for articles in PubMed, Web of Science and Business Source Premier (January 1998 to February 2008) and then added articles through a snowball ...
Robb Sheri L - - 2011
Music-based interventions are used to address a variety of problems experienced by individuals across the developmental lifespan (infants to elderly adults). In order to improve the transparency and specificity of reporting music-based interventions, a set of specific reporting guidelines is recommended. Recommendations pertain to seven different components of music-based interventions, ...
Marlow N E - - 2010
This systematic review assessed the efficacy of centralisation for the treatment of unruptured and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patient outcomes achieved by low and high volume hospitals/surgeons, including morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay, were used as proxy measures of efficacy. Systematic review was designed to identify, assess and ...
van den Berg Jos C - - 2010
Acute leg ischemia is one of the most challenging and dangerous conditions in vascular surgical practice and carries a high risk of amputation and death when left untreated. This article provides an overview of the currently held opinions on the role of catheter-based thrombolytic therapy in patients with acute leg ...
Guarda-Nardini L - - 2010
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare disease characterized by the presence of calcified loose bodies within the joint, and few systematically gathered data are available about its epidemiology. The aim of this paper was to describe a case of SC of the TMJ, and to ...
Pool Felicity - - 2010
A literature review was carried out, guided by the question, What are the important elements of a high-quality radiology written report? Two papers known to the authors were used as a basis for 5 PubMed search strategies. Exclusion criteria were applied to retrieved citations. Reference lists of retrieved citations were ...
Soliday Flanna K - - 2010
Pseudocholinesterase deficiency is an inherited or acquired condition in which the metabolism of succinylcholine, mivacurium, or ester local anesthetics is potentially impaired. In this review, genetic inheritance, variants, and testing are examined. Additionally, acquired conditions and drugs that influence enzyme activity, as well as possible treatments of the condition, are ...
Clay Fiona J - - 2010
Acute orthopaedic trauma is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. This study aims to synthesise and summarise current knowledge concerning prognostic factors for return to work and duration of work disability following acute orthopaedic trauma. A systematic review of prognostic studies was performed. The Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, ...
Crowther Mark - - 2010
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are being increasingly used to summarize medical literature and identify areas in which research is needed. Systematic reviews limit bias with the use of a reproducible scientific process to search the literature and evaluate the quality of the individual studies. If possible the results are statistically ...
Hopayian Kevork - - 2010
Piriformis syndrome, sciatica caused by compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle, has been described for over 70 years; yet, it remains controversial. The literature consists mainly of case series and narrative reviews. The objectives of the study were: first, to make the best use of existing evidence ...
De Coster Carolyn - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Referrals to nephrologists comprise not only patients with chronic kidney disease but also those with other nephrological conditions. There may be confusion about when to refer a patient to a nephrologist. We conducted a literature review to identify preexisting priority-setting, triage or referral criteria developed to guide referrals from ...
Schnabel Alexander - - 2010
Once rather a niche business, evidence-based medicine (EBM) as an approach to clinical decision-making requiring the integration of the best available research evidence with individual clinical expertise and patient values, has gained widespread acceptance and support within the healthcare community. This review article covers the basic principles of systematic reviews ...
Hoehner Christine - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This review assessed whether conference abstracts yield useful information on the types and effectiveness of community-based physical activity (PA) interventions in Latin America, beyond that from interventions included in a recent systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. METHODS: Abstracts from 9 conferences were searched for community-based interventions to promote PA ...
Huisstede Bionka M - - 2010
To review literature systematically concerning effectiveness of nonsurgical interventions for treating carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro were searched for relevant systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential studies. Two reviewers independently extracted the ...
Stuifbergen Alexa K - - 2010
Persons living with the effects of chronic and disabling conditions are often at increased risk for the development of secondary conditions and disabilities that can lead to further decline in health status, independence, functional status, life satisfaction, and overall quality of life. The purpose of this study was to review ...
Lui Steve - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Given the international focus and rigorous literature searches employed in Cochrane systematic reviews, this study was undertaken to evaluate strategies employed in Cochrane reviews and protocols assessing acupuncture as a primary or secondary intervention. METHODS: The Cochrane Collaboration of systematic reviews was searched in February 2009 for all reviews ...
Herselman Marietjie - - 2010
The primary objective of this systematic review was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Systematic review of primarily observational studies. Adult patients from all gender, race, or ethnic groups on maintenance hemodialysis. Medline, Science Citation Index, Academic Search Premier, Cochrane Library, and ...
MacDonald Susan L - - 2010
PURPOSE: Well done systematic reviews provide the highest quality evidence for clinical questions of therapeutic effectiveness. We assessed the methodological quality of systematic reviews in the urological literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically investigated all systematic reviews published in 4 major urological journals from 1998 to 2008. Studies were identified ...
Dias Andrew - - 2010
The study of errors in medicine has proliferated since the publication of The Institute of Medicine Report 'TO ERR IS HUMAN' in 2000. Case nuances and process of care issues are valuable areas to explore if the goal is to provide the health care worker with the knowledge to avoid ...
Jellema P - - 2010
When lactose malabsorption gives rise to symptoms, the result is called 'lactose intolerance'. Although lactose intolerance is often bothersome for patients, once recognized it may be managed by simple dietary adjustments. However, diagnosing lactose intolerance is not straightforward, especially in primary care. To summarize available evidence on the diagnostic performance ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and also has been updated monthly online since January 2010. Issue 1 for 2010 contains 4125 complete reviews, 1924 protocols for reviews in production, and 11,887 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. ...
Wai Eugene K - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a disorder that commonly affects the working population, resulting in disability, health-care utilization, and a heavy socioeconomic burden. Although the etiology of LBP remains uncertain, occupational activities have been implicated. Evaluating these potentially causal relationships requires a methodologically rigorous approach. Occupational repetitive and/or heavy lifting ...
Papaioannou Diana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Literature for a systematic review on the student experience of e-learning is located across a range of subject areas including health, education, social science, library and information science. OBJECTIVES: To assess the merits and shortcomings of using different search techniques in retrieval of evidence in the social science literature. ...
Ridgewell Emily - - 2010
Studies which have examined the effects of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) on children with cerebral palsy (CP) often report insufficient detail about the participants, devices and testing protocols. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the level and quality of detail reported about these factors in order to generate ...
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