Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 915
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Papa Linda - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In preparation for the World Congress on Drowning uniform reporting consensus document of drowning incidents we reviewed systematically the medical literature for the terms and definitions used to describe drowning incidents to assess the uniformity of these terms in the medical literature. METHODS: The search strategy included a literature ...
Khan S B - - 2005
Removable partial dentures (RPD) are an effective and affordable treatment option for partial edentulism. If the main reason for seeking treatment is the need for improved aesthetics, treatment should be geared towards achieving this goal. This article is the result of a literature study on aesthetic clasp design for the ...
Raghavendra Sangeetha - - 2005
The knowledge base of information related to early wound healing around endosseous dental implants is rapidly changing and expanding. Unless one is directly involved with creating this pool of information or has an extraordinary interest in the literature of the field, it is difficult to keep up to date with ...
Carlsson Gunnar E - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the growth and content of the prosthodontic literature over the last 4 decades, to make a prognosis on its probable development in the coming 4 decades and to discuss changes in the content of the International Journal of Prosthodontics (IJP) from its start in 1988 to 2004. ...
Jones Ashley P - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Extracting data from primary articles is an essential component in conducting systematic reviews. Incorrect data extraction can lead to false conclusions. The objective of this study was to retrospectively repeat the data extraction in all systematic reviews conducted by the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group. ...
Moja Lorenzo P - - 2005
To describe how the methodological quality of primary studies is assessed in systematic reviews and whether the quality assessment is taken into account in the interpretation of results. Cochrane systematic reviews and systematic reviews in paper based journals. 965 systematic reviews (809 Cochrane reviews and 156 paper based reviews) published ...
Don C. Arnold
A systematic study of the chewing louse genus Ornithobius (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) was undertaken to identify several species found among the unidentified specimens in the K. C. Emerson Collection. The seven described species are reviewed, one species is placed in synonymy and two new species are described.
Feldstein David A - - 2005
Systematic reviews answer clinical questions by finding and evaluating all available evidence. The systematic review is a powerful tool to help clinicians use evidence for patient care decisions. There are many sources for high-quality systematic reviews. Like all scientific studies there are potential biases, but systematic reviews have many benefits ...
Waliszewski Michael - - 2005
Despite the fact that solutions to functional and comfort problems are often available, successfully restoring the appearance of an edentulous patient remains a challenge. This review of the literature demonstrates the limited amount of useful evidence-based information available for restoration of dentate appearance in edentulous individuals. The English language peer-reviewed ...
van Rhijn Bas W G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The follow-up of patients with urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the bladder is done by cystoscopy and, in most cases, cytology. The last decade, many urine-based tests for UCC have been developed and tested in different populations. For the urological practice, considering the amount of follow-up cystoscopies, especially urine ...
Smidt Nynke - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate quality of reporting in diagnostic accuracy articles published in 2000 in journals with impact factor of at least 4 by using items of Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) statement published later in 2003. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language articles on primary diagnostic accuracy studies in 2000 ...
de Craen Anton J M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the frequency of quality assessment of randomized controlled trials within systematic reviews and the incorporation of the quality assessment in the analysis. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We included new systematic reviews of at least five trials of therapeutic or preventive interventions that appeared in issue 2, 2003, ...
Gibson Cheryl A - - 2005
To adequately assess individual studies and synthesize quantitative research on weight loss studies, transparent reporting of data is required. The authors examined the reporting quality of randomized trials in the weight loss literature, focusing exclusively on subject characteristics as they relate to enrollment, allocation, and follow-up. An extensive literature review, ...
Bookstein F L - - 2005
The purpose of a scientific paper in this journal is to persuade the reader of some important or potentially important facts. For a reader to be persuaded, first the manuscript reviewers must be persuaded, and if the manuscript involves statistical reasoning, at least one of those reviewers is likely to ...
Bonhoeffer J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess current reporting practices of immunisation safety data in the scientific literature. METHODS: Systematic literature search for recent prospective clinical studies on vaccines in humans. The main outcome measures were methodological differences in the assessment, definition, analysis and presentation of 'adverse events following immunisation' (AEFI). RESULTS: In total, ...
Johnson Kelly K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical and comprehensive review of the literature, specifically case reports and observational studies used to support the concept of cross-reactivity between sulfonylarylamines and non-sulfonylarylamines. DATA SOURCES: A list of medications was formulated from several different review articles. A MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted (1966-March 2004) using the ...
Cecil Joe S - - 2005
In the ten years since Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc, the standards for admissibility at trial of expert testimony in general and scientific evidence in particular have become more demanding. Reviews of recent cases and empirical studies of federal judges' and attorneys' practices indicate that judges are more likely ...
Goldberg Joseph F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the rationales, risks, and benefits for using standard antidepressants versus mood stabilizing agents and/or atypical antipsychotics to treat bipolar depression. METHOD: A selective literature review was conducted using key terms and by reference known to the authors. Bibliographies of articles and ...
Ranjith G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a controversial disorder with different case definitions, aetiological models and proposed treatments. An epidemiological approach is likely to bring some clarity to the field. AIM: The aim of this article is to review the literature on the epidemiology of fatigue, chronic fatigue and CFS. ...
Neumann Peter J - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cost-utility analyses (CUAs) have become increasingly popular, although questions persist about their comparability and credibility. Our objectives were to: 1) describe the growth and characteristics of CUAs published in the peer-reviewed literature through 2001; 2) investigate whether CUA quality has improved over time; 3) examine whether quality varies by ...
Whiting Penny - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To review existing quality assessment tools for diagnostic accuracy studies and to examine to what extent quality was assessed and incorporated in diagnostic systematic reviews. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for tools to assess the quality of studies of diagnostic accuracy or guides for conducting, reporting or ...
Bonacina Stefano - - 2005
Cardiology is the clinical area where death causes are more frequent than in any other clinical area, and it could benefit from telemedicine. At present, assessment about telecardiology application are hard to find, and sometimes can be found in review article about telemedicine, but there is a lack of review ...
Cooper Nicola J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The importance of systematic reviews in identifying gaps in the evidence base and providing a quantitative basis for informing new research initiatives is widely acknowledged, but little is known about what actually happens in practice. Our objective was to assess the use made of results of reviews in the ...
Herbison Peter - - 2005
AIMS: The quality of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is associated with bias. Thus, reports of RCTs must have enough detail of key elements of quality to enable them to be interpreted properly. This study examines the quality of abstracts of RCTs reported at the ICS meeting in Heidelberg in 2002, ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2005
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. The Library now contains 2249 complete reviews, 1539 protocols of reviews and 5009 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 435,786 randomised controlled trials, 19 methodology reviews and 6370 cited ...
Naidoo Rajen N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: South Africa has one of the largest miner autopsy databases, PATHAUT, dating back to 1925. The diagnoses recorded on this database have never been evaluated for coal miners. The objective was to determine the validity of the autopsy diagnoses for coal workers, specifically bronchitis, silicosis, tuberculosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis ...
French Simon D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews aim to provide readers with the most up-to-date evidence on the effects of healthcare interventions. The policy of updating Cochrane reviews every two years consumes valuable time and resources and may not be appropriate for all reviews. The objective of this study was to examine the ...
Thomas Prem - - 2005
Efforts to improve quality of medical care often involve large data sets. Reviewing laboratory results over time for a cohort of patients is particularly problematic: traditional statistics conflate case to case variations with day to day variations (within a case). To help solve this problem, we propose using sparklines for ...
Robinson Joan L - - 2005
Intravenous gamma globulin (IVGG) is commonly used in the management of acute myocarditis. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature evaluating this practice. We conducted a comprehensive search (electronic databases, trials registries, conference proceedings, reference lists, contact with authors) to identify studies evaluating the use of ...
Jacobs W C H - - 2004
A systematic review of the literature will fail to provide information needed for evidence-based medicine (EBM) if the design, execution and reporting of individual trials do not adhere to strict guidelines. Experience gained while conducting systematic literature reviews have revealed serious shortcomings in current literature. These limitations pertain to randomisation, ...
Kertz A F - - 2004
Based on a 5-yr review of published reports, reporting of materials, methods, and data for calf and heifer studies is often not very complete. The number of calves or heifers per treatment was often inadequate to detect meaningful and statistically significant differences with observed variability. A set of guidelines is ...
Klont Rocus R - - 2004
The detection of circulating galactomannan in serum is an important tool for the early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Platelia Aspergillus; BioRad) was shown to be both highly sensitive and specific for detection of galactomannan in serum samples. Despite the fact that this assay is validated ...
Papanikolaou Panagiotis N - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess how frequently systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials convey large-scale evidence on specific, well-defined adverse events. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for reviews containing quantitative data on specific, well-defined harms for at least 4000 randomized subjects, the minimum sample required for adequate power ...
Pierson David J - - 2004
The information in a case report should be viewed cautiously in terms of generalization beyond the reported example. Appropriately written and interpreted, however, a case report can be a valuable contribution to medical knowledge and educational for both author and reader. This article discusses the essential components of a case ...
Cafazzo Joseph A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether digital video is suitable for the documentation of colonoscopy. Standards are required for the visual documentation of endoscopic findings and to optimize image quality while limiting file size and bandwidth requirements. METHODS: Video recordings of colonoscopy procedures were encoded using ...
Vintzileos Anthony M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to propose guidelines for the design, execution, interpretation, and reporting of economic evaluation studies in obstetrics. Study design We performed a PubMed search of economic evaluation articles to identify those articles that deal with the quality of published economic evaluation studies, the development ...
McCord J Fraser - - 2004
The literature on maxillofacial prosthodontics may be considered to be dominated by articles describing case reports or case series. Prospective, well-controlled clinical trials are scarce owing to the inherent difficulty of performing such trials in patients suffering from oral cancer. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic ...
Teece Stewart - - 2004
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether the absence of a clinical pulse deficit can be used to exclude dissecting thoracic aneurysm in patients with chest pain. Altogether 89 papers were found using the reported search, of which one was a previous systematic literature review. A further ...
Turnbull Oliver H - - 2004
Some neurological patients with medial frontal lesions exhibit striking confabulations. Most accounts of the cause of confabulations are cognitive, though the literature has produced anecdotal suggestions that confabulations may not be emotionally neutral, having a ('wish-fulfilment') bias that shapes the patient's perception of reality in a more affectively positive direction. ...
Gülmezoglu A Metin - - 2004
Reducing maternal mortality and morbidity are among the key international development goals. A prerequisite for monitoring the progress towards attainment of these goals is accurate assessment of the levels of mortality and morbidity. In order to contribute to mapping the global burden of reproductive ill-health, we are conducting a systematic ...
Yu-Feng Hsu
Within the genus Howarthia, Howarthia melli (Forster) is the most frequently reported species across the southern provinces of China. An examination of the type series of H. melli, in combination with results of rearing experiments, reveals that three species have been frequently confused under the name H. melli. The three ...
Costello Jonathan - - 2004
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether antibiotic prophylaxis is indicated after trephining of a subungual haematoma. Two papers were found using the reported search, of which neither presented any evidence to answer the clinical question. It is concluded that there is no evidence available to answer ...
Wong Vicky Kwan - - 2004
Desonide (as a cream, ointment, or lotion formulation) is widely used for the treatment of steroid-responsive dermatoses. This paper provides information on its safety record, as determined from adverse event reports and published trial results. A pharmacovigilance program, initiated in 1992 for all countries where desonide is available, collected reports ...
White Adrian - - 2004
Case reports are particularly valuable in specialist clinical areas such as acupuncture to report new adverse events and to suggest possible new hypotheses. They can also be used to report events that have been reported previously but are rare or serious, in order to illustrate their frequency. They may illuminate ...
Taylor Shane H - - 2004
Over the past decade, mechanical adjusting devices (MADs) were a major source of debate within the Chiropractors' Association of Saskatchewan (CAS). Since Saskatchewan was the only jurisdiction in North America to prohibit the use of MADs, the CAS established a committee in 2001 to review the literature on MADs. The ...
Krishnan J A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the methodology and cumulative evidence presented in systematic reviews of clinical trials comparing low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) with unfractionated heparin (UFH) for the treatment of venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We reviewed all systematic reviews of clinical trials published until March 2002. Fourteen systematic literature reviews were published between 1994 ...
Reid Julie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A literature review was conducted to identify feeding interventions recommended for infants with cleft conditions. Selected articles were critically appraised using an evidence-based practice framework to determine the strength of the evidence underpinning each intervention. DESIGN: Electronic databases were searched for reports of cleft palate feeding interventions. The selected ...
Gutmann Lori B - - 2004
Although several reviews of smoking cessation trials have been published, none have specifically evaluated the adequacy of the studies' reporting practices in terms of describing the intervention and outcome variables used. This review evaluates the reporting procedures of 109 smoking cessation trials published in English language peer-reviewed publications from 1994 ...
Parker Eva R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of review databases for dermatology has been questioned because of the impression that these reviews frequently report finding insufficient evidence to guide therapeutic recommendations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the number of review database entries most relevant to dermatology (addressing diseases with skin manifestations whereby a dermatologist ...
Fiddick Laurence - - 2004
Deontic reasoning has been studied in two subfields of psychology: the cognitive and moral reasoning literatures. These literatures have drawn different conclusions about the nature of deontic reasoning. The consensus within the cognitive reasoning literature is that deontic reasoning is a unitary phenomenon, whereas the consensus within the moral reasoning ...
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