Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 933
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Obremskey William T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The American edition of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS-A) has included a level-of-evidence rating for each of its clinical scientific papers published since January 2003. The purpose of this study was to assess the type and level of evidence found in nine different orthopaedic journals by ...
Whittemore Robin - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this paper is to distinguish the integrative review method from other review methods and to propose methodological strategies specific to the integrative review method to enhance the rigour of the process. BACKGROUND: Recent evidence-based practice initiatives have increased the need for and the production of all ...
Deforge D - - 2006
Systematic review. To review sexuality in persons with spinal cord injuries (SCIs), and to report the effectiveness of erectile interventions. Reports from six databases (1966-2003), selected annual proceedings (1997-2002) and manufacturer's information were screened against eligibility criteria. Included reports were abstracted and data pooled from case-series reports regarding intracavernous injections ...
Shea Beverley - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of reporting in Cochrane musculoskeletal systematic reviews (excluding back and injury reviews). METHODS: This study assessed all the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group's systematic reviews from Issue 4, 2002, of the Cochrane Library Database of Systematic Reviews. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed quality. Two assessment ...
Mutch Robert D RD - - 2005
A new distance-drawdown method for aquifers with anisotropy on the horizontal plane is presented. The method uses scalar transformation to convert to an equivalent, isotropic medium, thus permitting application of the Cooper-Jacob Method. The method is applicable to cases where at least one ellipse of equal drawdown can be delineated ...
Peng Xiaoxia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for Elemene injections, one ingredient of Chinese herb Curcuma wenyujin, for malignant tumors widely used in clinical practice in China. METHODS: We used a systematic sample of 127 reports of RCTs that used Elemene injections as an intervention. The quality ...
Greenhalgh Trisha - - 2005
To describe where papers come from in a systematic review of complex evidence. Method Audit of how the 495 primary sources for the review were originally identified. Only 30% of sources were obtained from the protocol defined at the outset of the study (that is, from the database and hand ...
Arpaia Nicola - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical and dermoscopic aspects of dermatofibroma (DF) are usually typical. Systematic analysis of dermoscopic features of DFs has rarely been performed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dermoscopic patterns of DFs and, in selected cases, the change of these patterns over time. METHODS: Dermoscopic examination was performed in 39 DFs belonging ...
Harris D L - - 2006
The incidence of cerebral white matter damage reported to the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) varies between neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Differences in the capture, storage, and interpretation of the cerebral ultrasound scans could account for some of this variation. A total of 255 infants of birth ...
Torabinejad Mahmoud - - 2005
The purpose of this systematic review was (a) to search for clinical articles pertaining to success and failure of nonsurgical root canal therapy, and (b) to assign levels of evidence to these studies. Electronic and manual searches were conducted to identify studies published between January 1966 and September 2004 with ...
Corrao Salvatore - - 2005
In clinical practice, the clinician is challenged with symptoms and/or signs at times apparently insoluble by diagnostic and/or therapeutic means. We propose that in these cases, we have to use an EBM approach in which evidence may be looked up in every available clinical report and bibliographic databases are used ...
Kanjwal M Yousuf - - 2005
Syncope is not an uncommon condition. The evaluation can be as frustrating as the treatment. The role of a detailed history and physical examination cannot be underestimated and both remain a cornerstone in the evaluation of syncope. A systematic approach may not only lead to correct diagnosis in most cases, ...
Teece Stewart - - 2005
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether serial x rays were necessary in cases of battery ingestion where the battery has passed through the oesophagus. A total of 104 papers were found using the reported search, of which none presented any evidence to answer the clinical question. ...
Akobeng A K - - 2005
This review covers the basic principles of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The problems associated with traditional narrative reviews are discussed, as is the role of systematic reviews in limiting bias associated with the assembly, critical appraisal, and synthesis of studies addressing specific clinical questions. Important issues that need to be ...
Lawson Margaret L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality of systematic reviews reported in English and in languages other than English, and to determine whether there are differences between conventional medicine (CM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) reports. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used the Oxman and Guyatt (OG) scale to assess the ...
Sood Amit - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Since the early 1970s, the efficacy of acupuncture for treating clinical conditions has been evaluated in several hundred randomized trials. Results from these trials have been synthesized in systematic reviews. A well-designed systematic review provides the highest level of evidence for establishing the efficacy of a clinical intervention. OBJECTIVES: ...
Gorschlüter Marcus - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neutropenic enterocolitis is a life-threatening complication occurring most frequently after intensive chemotherapy in acute leukaemias. The literature is heterogeneous and a systematic review is lacking. METHODS: Following a systematic search we categorised all relevant reports according to their quality and extracted evidence to answer the questions: Which diagnostic criteria ...
Kliewer Mark A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine which manuscript reviewer characteristics are most strongly associated with reviewer performance as judged by editors of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: At the AJR, manuscript reviews are rated by the journal editors on a subjective scale from ...
Papa Linda - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In preparation for the World Congress on Drowning uniform reporting consensus document of drowning incidents we reviewed systematically the medical literature for the terms and definitions used to describe drowning incidents to assess the uniformity of these terms in the medical literature. METHODS: The search strategy included a literature ...
Khan S B - - 2005
Removable partial dentures (RPD) are an effective and affordable treatment option for partial edentulism. If the main reason for seeking treatment is the need for improved aesthetics, treatment should be geared towards achieving this goal. This article is the result of a literature study on aesthetic clasp design for the ...
Raghavendra Sangeetha - - 2005
The knowledge base of information related to early wound healing around endosseous dental implants is rapidly changing and expanding. Unless one is directly involved with creating this pool of information or has an extraordinary interest in the literature of the field, it is difficult to keep up to date with ...
Carlsson Gunnar E - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the growth and content of the prosthodontic literature over the last 4 decades, to make a prognosis on its probable development in the coming 4 decades and to discuss changes in the content of the International Journal of Prosthodontics (IJP) from its start in 1988 to 2004. ...
Jones Ashley P - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Extracting data from primary articles is an essential component in conducting systematic reviews. Incorrect data extraction can lead to false conclusions. The objective of this study was to retrospectively repeat the data extraction in all systematic reviews conducted by the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group. ...
Moja Lorenzo P - - 2005
To describe how the methodological quality of primary studies is assessed in systematic reviews and whether the quality assessment is taken into account in the interpretation of results. Cochrane systematic reviews and systematic reviews in paper based journals. 965 systematic reviews (809 Cochrane reviews and 156 paper based reviews) published ...
Don C. Arnold
A systematic study of the chewing louse genus Ornithobius (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) was undertaken to identify several species found among the unidentified specimens in the K. C. Emerson Collection. The seven described species are reviewed, one species is placed in synonymy and two new species are described.
Feldstein David A - - 2005
Systematic reviews answer clinical questions by finding and evaluating all available evidence. The systematic review is a powerful tool to help clinicians use evidence for patient care decisions. There are many sources for high-quality systematic reviews. Like all scientific studies there are potential biases, but systematic reviews have many benefits ...
Waliszewski Michael - - 2005
Despite the fact that solutions to functional and comfort problems are often available, successfully restoring the appearance of an edentulous patient remains a challenge. This review of the literature demonstrates the limited amount of useful evidence-based information available for restoration of dentate appearance in edentulous individuals. The English language peer-reviewed ...
van Rhijn Bas W G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The follow-up of patients with urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the bladder is done by cystoscopy and, in most cases, cytology. The last decade, many urine-based tests for UCC have been developed and tested in different populations. For the urological practice, considering the amount of follow-up cystoscopies, especially urine ...
Smidt Nynke - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate quality of reporting in diagnostic accuracy articles published in 2000 in journals with impact factor of at least 4 by using items of Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) statement published later in 2003. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English-language articles on primary diagnostic accuracy studies in 2000 ...
de Craen Anton J M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the frequency of quality assessment of randomized controlled trials within systematic reviews and the incorporation of the quality assessment in the analysis. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We included new systematic reviews of at least five trials of therapeutic or preventive interventions that appeared in issue 2, 2003, ...
Gibson Cheryl A - - 2005
To adequately assess individual studies and synthesize quantitative research on weight loss studies, transparent reporting of data is required. The authors examined the reporting quality of randomized trials in the weight loss literature, focusing exclusively on subject characteristics as they relate to enrollment, allocation, and follow-up. An extensive literature review, ...
Bookstein F L - - 2005
The purpose of a scientific paper in this journal is to persuade the reader of some important or potentially important facts. For a reader to be persuaded, first the manuscript reviewers must be persuaded, and if the manuscript involves statistical reasoning, at least one of those reviewers is likely to ...
Bonhoeffer J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess current reporting practices of immunisation safety data in the scientific literature. METHODS: Systematic literature search for recent prospective clinical studies on vaccines in humans. The main outcome measures were methodological differences in the assessment, definition, analysis and presentation of 'adverse events following immunisation' (AEFI). RESULTS: In total, ...
Johnson Kelly K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical and comprehensive review of the literature, specifically case reports and observational studies used to support the concept of cross-reactivity between sulfonylarylamines and non-sulfonylarylamines. DATA SOURCES: A list of medications was formulated from several different review articles. A MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted (1966-March 2004) using the ...
Cecil Joe S - - 2005
In the ten years since Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc, the standards for admissibility at trial of expert testimony in general and scientific evidence in particular have become more demanding. Reviews of recent cases and empirical studies of federal judges' and attorneys' practices indicate that judges are more likely ...
Goldberg Joseph F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review the rationales, risks, and benefits for using standard antidepressants versus mood stabilizing agents and/or atypical antipsychotics to treat bipolar depression. METHOD: A selective literature review was conducted using key terms and by reference known to the authors. Bibliographies of articles and ...
Ranjith G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a controversial disorder with different case definitions, aetiological models and proposed treatments. An epidemiological approach is likely to bring some clarity to the field. AIM: The aim of this article is to review the literature on the epidemiology of fatigue, chronic fatigue and CFS. ...
Neumann Peter J - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cost-utility analyses (CUAs) have become increasingly popular, although questions persist about their comparability and credibility. Our objectives were to: 1) describe the growth and characteristics of CUAs published in the peer-reviewed literature through 2001; 2) investigate whether CUA quality has improved over time; 3) examine whether quality varies by ...
Whiting Penny - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To review existing quality assessment tools for diagnostic accuracy studies and to examine to what extent quality was assessed and incorporated in diagnostic systematic reviews. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for tools to assess the quality of studies of diagnostic accuracy or guides for conducting, reporting or ...
Bonacina Stefano - - 2005
Cardiology is the clinical area where death causes are more frequent than in any other clinical area, and it could benefit from telemedicine. At present, assessment about telecardiology application are hard to find, and sometimes can be found in review article about telemedicine, but there is a lack of review ...
Cooper Nicola J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The importance of systematic reviews in identifying gaps in the evidence base and providing a quantitative basis for informing new research initiatives is widely acknowledged, but little is known about what actually happens in practice. Our objective was to assess the use made of results of reviews in the ...
Herbison Peter - - 2005
AIMS: The quality of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is associated with bias. Thus, reports of RCTs must have enough detail of key elements of quality to enable them to be interpreted properly. This study examines the quality of abstracts of RCTs reported at the ICS meeting in Heidelberg in 2002, ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2005
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. The Library now contains 2249 complete reviews, 1539 protocols of reviews and 5009 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 435,786 randomised controlled trials, 19 methodology reviews and 6370 cited ...
Naidoo Rajen N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: South Africa has one of the largest miner autopsy databases, PATHAUT, dating back to 1925. The diagnoses recorded on this database have never been evaluated for coal miners. The objective was to determine the validity of the autopsy diagnoses for coal workers, specifically bronchitis, silicosis, tuberculosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis ...
French Simon D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews aim to provide readers with the most up-to-date evidence on the effects of healthcare interventions. The policy of updating Cochrane reviews every two years consumes valuable time and resources and may not be appropriate for all reviews. The objective of this study was to examine the ...
Thomas Prem - - 2005
Efforts to improve quality of medical care often involve large data sets. Reviewing laboratory results over time for a cohort of patients is particularly problematic: traditional statistics conflate case to case variations with day to day variations (within a case). To help solve this problem, we propose using sparklines for ...
Robinson Joan L - - 2005
Intravenous gamma globulin (IVGG) is commonly used in the management of acute myocarditis. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature evaluating this practice. We conducted a comprehensive search (electronic databases, trials registries, conference proceedings, reference lists, contact with authors) to identify studies evaluating the use of ...
Jacobs W C H - - 2004
A systematic review of the literature will fail to provide information needed for evidence-based medicine (EBM) if the design, execution and reporting of individual trials do not adhere to strict guidelines. Experience gained while conducting systematic literature reviews have revealed serious shortcomings in current literature. These limitations pertain to randomisation, ...
Kertz A F - - 2004
Based on a 5-yr review of published reports, reporting of materials, methods, and data for calf and heifer studies is often not very complete. The number of calves or heifers per treatment was often inadequate to detect meaningful and statistically significant differences with observed variability. A set of guidelines is ...
Klont Rocus R - - 2004
The detection of circulating galactomannan in serum is an important tool for the early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Platelia Aspergillus; BioRad) was shown to be both highly sensitive and specific for detection of galactomannan in serum samples. Despite the fact that this assay is validated ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >