Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 913
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Martínez M - - 2006
The potential of Case-Based Reasoning to use the knowledge gained from past experiences to solve problematic situations has made this Artificial Intelligence technique a useful decision support tool in different environmental domains such as wastewater treatment. Case-Based Reasoning tools automatically identify similarities between present and previous situations (cases) and reuse ...
Provenzale James M - - 2006
In this article, we provide a step-by-step guide to reviewing a manuscript that we hope will improve the quality of reviews for the AJR. We have provided a detailed series of guidelines for providing excellent reviews of manuscripts. The template we have provided can be used to serve as a ...
Mallen Christian - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To review current practice in the assessment of the quality of original observational studies included in systematic reviews. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Examination of all systematic reviews identified by a basic PubMed search for the years 1999-2000 (32 reviews) and 2003-2004 (98 reviews). English language systematic reviews published ...
van Teijlingen Edwin E Department of Public Health, University of - - 2006
This paper highlights the key steps to follow when conducting a systematic review (see Box 2). Healthcare practitioners may be limited by time and resources when conducting literature reviews, however, a systematic and transparent approach should be adopted wherever possible. Further detailed guidance on conducting systematic reviews is available from ...
Reilly K A - - 2006
Studies on the use of lateral wedge orthotics in the conservative management of medial compartment osteoarthritis are widely quoted. This approach, however, does not consider the disruption of the interaction between lower limb and foot and ankle function that lateral wedges would produce. This comprehensive, systematic review was therefore undertaken ...
Hirashima, Yoshihiro
Additional 19 species of Palaeorhiza taken by the 3rd Archbold Expedition are reported in this second and final report. Sixteen species are described as new, as follows : polita, bicolorata, subhyalina, trigona, robusta, falcifera, nigra, dis-tincta, gloriosa, paracylindrica, punctata, capitata, aenea, nana, viridiceps and swbcrassi-Ceps.
Dawut, Ahmatjan
The second report of a systematic study of the subgenus Seladonia Robertson of the genus Halictus (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae) in Asia is presented. In the present paper five species, Halictus (Seladonia) seladonius (Fabricius), H. propinquus Smith, H. subaurat (Rossi), H. subauratoides Bluthgen, and H. vicinus Vachal are treated.
Dawut, Ahmatjan
The third report of a systematic study of the subgenus Seladonia Robertson of the genus Halictus (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) in Asia is presented. Eight species, Halictus (Seladonia) smaragdulus Vachal, H. semitectus Morawitz, H. mongolicus Morawitz, H. dorni Ebmer, H. tumulorum higashi Sakagami & Ebmer are treated in the present paper.
Bridevaux Isabelle Peytremann - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: . To evaluate how the level of evidence perceived by an international panel of experts was concordant with the level of evidence found in the literature, to compare experts perceived level of evidence to their appropriateness scores, and to compare appropriateness criteria for colonoscopy between experts and an evidence-based ...
Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
Published in The Timberman, March 1929. Information reviewed and reaffirmed, 1963. Original report dated March 1929.
Wark David M - - 2006
This review summarizes the use of hypnotic inductions while the subject is physically active, open-eyed and focused on the external environment. Research cited from several sources documents that traditional and alert inductions produce similar hypnotic susceptibility scores, but after an alert induction, subjects may report feeling more alert and in ...
Frost Brandy K - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review the current knowledge regarding ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) use in clinical practice and to provide example cases for its use in a hypertension (HTN) specialty clinic. DATA SOURCES: Published research trials, medical literature, and cases from the Center for Senior ...
Sgouros Spiros N - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an increasingly recognized condition both in children and adults. The aim of the present study was to review the available evidence regarding EE in adults. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and medical textbooks were searched in May-June 2005 for English-language articles published between January 1978 and June ...
Dundar Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent of use of data from conference abstracts and presentations in health technology assessments (HTAs) provided as part of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) appraisal process. Also to assess the methodological quality of trials from conference abstracts and presentations, the consistency of ...
Schroter Sara - - 2006
CONTEXT: Many journals give authors who submit papers the opportunity to suggest reviewers. Use of these reviewers varies by journal and little is known about the quality of the reviews they produce. OBJECTIVE: To compare author- and editor-suggested reviewers to investigate differences in review quality and recommendations for publication. DESIGN, ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2006
To appraise multiple systematic reviews on the same clinical topic, focusing on predictors and correlates of quality of reporting of meta-analysis (QUOROM) scores. Case study. Reviews providing at least individual quantitative estimates on role of acetylcysteine in the prevention of contrast associated nephropathy. PubMed, the database of abstracts of reviews ...
Irwin Richard S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on habit, tic, and psychogenic cough, and to make evidence-based recommendations regarding diagnosis and treatment. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY: For data on adults, an Ovid MEDLINE literature review (through February 2005) was performed for all studies published in the English language, including case series and case reports, since ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2006
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. It now contains 2524 complete reviews, 1589 protocols of reviews and 5585 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 463,763 randomized controlled trials, 20 methodology reviews and 7484 cited papers ...
Lavis John N - - 2006
Systematic reviews are increasingly seen as helpful "knowledge support" for managers and policy makers, and deliberative processes are starting to be seen as promising, locally contextualized "decision support." Increases to the flow of systematic reviews should be complemented by efforts to facilitate the retrieval, and adapt the presentation, of the ...
Wager Elizabeth - - 2006
BACKGROUND: BioMed Central (BMC) requires authors to suggest four reviewers when making a submission. Editors searching for reviewers use these suggestions as a source. The review process of the medical journals in the BMC series is open--authors and reviewers know each other's identity--although reviewers can make confidential comments to the ...
Crawford Fay - - 2006
Around 15-25% of people are likely to have athlete's foot at any one time. The infection can spread to other parts of the body and to other people. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of topical ...
Herman Sari M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To critically review the body of literature that refutes or supports the role of antimalarials in the exacerbation of psoriasis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were reviewed to identify English-language publications from 1966-2005 examining the role of antimalarials in the exacerbation of psoriasis. ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2006
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. It now contains 2435 complete reviews, 1606 protocols of reviews and 5340 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 454,449 randomized controlled trials, 20 methodology reviews and 7059 cited papers ...
Peters Jaime L - - 2006
To maximize the findings of animal experiments to inform likely health effects in humans, a thorough review and evaluation of the animal evidence is required. Systematic reviews and, where appropriate, meta-analyses have great potential in facilitating such an evaluation, making efficient use of the animal evidence while minimizing possible sources ...
Hauer Klaus - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to review systematically the range of case definitions and methods used to measure falls in randomised controlled trials. DESIGN/METHODS: a Cochrane review of fall prevention interventions was used to identify fall definitions in published trials. Secondary searches of various databases were used to identify additional methodological or theoretical papers. ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2006
Most electronic search efforts directed at identifying primary studies for inclusion in systematic reviews rely on the optimal Boolean search features of search interfaces such as DIALOG and Ovid. Our objective is to test the ability of an Ultraseek search engine to rank MEDLINE records of the included studies of ...
Shea Beverley - - 2006
Systematic reviews (SRs) must be of high quality. The purpose of our research was to compare the methodological and reporting quality of original versus updated Cochrane SRs to determine whether updating had improved these two quality dimensions. We identified updated Cochrane SRs published in issue 4, 2002 of the Cochrane ...
Krause Gérard - - 2006
Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensitivity and the positive predictive value of a surveillance system. The reliability of case definitions has rarely been investigated systematically. ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2006
Although the methods for conducting systematic reviews of efficacy are well established, there is much less guidance on how systematic reviews of adverse effects should be performed. In order to determine where methodological research is most needed to improve systematic reviews of adverse effects of health care interventions, we conducted ...
Gary Margaret M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The systematic analysis of morbidity and mortality for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medical abortion regimen using mifepristone is possible using data from the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System. OBJECTIVE: To assess mifepristone's mortality, morbidity, sentinel events, and quality of postmarketing surveillance using mifepristone adverse event reports (AERs). ...
Obremskey William T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The American edition of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS-A) has included a level-of-evidence rating for each of its clinical scientific papers published since January 2003. The purpose of this study was to assess the type and level of evidence found in nine different orthopaedic journals by ...
Whittemore Robin - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this paper is to distinguish the integrative review method from other review methods and to propose methodological strategies specific to the integrative review method to enhance the rigour of the process. BACKGROUND: Recent evidence-based practice initiatives have increased the need for and the production of all ...
Deforge D - - 2006
Systematic review. To review sexuality in persons with spinal cord injuries (SCIs), and to report the effectiveness of erectile interventions. Reports from six databases (1966-2003), selected annual proceedings (1997-2002) and manufacturer's information were screened against eligibility criteria. Included reports were abstracted and data pooled from case-series reports regarding intracavernous injections ...
Shea Beverley - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of reporting in Cochrane musculoskeletal systematic reviews (excluding back and injury reviews). METHODS: This study assessed all the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group's systematic reviews from Issue 4, 2002, of the Cochrane Library Database of Systematic Reviews. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed quality. Two assessment ...
Mutch Robert D RD - - 2005
A new distance-drawdown method for aquifers with anisotropy on the horizontal plane is presented. The method uses scalar transformation to convert to an equivalent, isotropic medium, thus permitting application of the Cooper-Jacob Method. The method is applicable to cases where at least one ellipse of equal drawdown can be delineated ...
Peng Xiaoxia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for Elemene injections, one ingredient of Chinese herb Curcuma wenyujin, for malignant tumors widely used in clinical practice in China. METHODS: We used a systematic sample of 127 reports of RCTs that used Elemene injections as an intervention. The quality ...
Greenhalgh Trisha - - 2005
To describe where papers come from in a systematic review of complex evidence. Method Audit of how the 495 primary sources for the review were originally identified. Only 30% of sources were obtained from the protocol defined at the outset of the study (that is, from the database and hand ...
Arpaia Nicola - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical and dermoscopic aspects of dermatofibroma (DF) are usually typical. Systematic analysis of dermoscopic features of DFs has rarely been performed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dermoscopic patterns of DFs and, in selected cases, the change of these patterns over time. METHODS: Dermoscopic examination was performed in 39 DFs belonging ...
Harris D L - - 2006
The incidence of cerebral white matter damage reported to the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) varies between neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Differences in the capture, storage, and interpretation of the cerebral ultrasound scans could account for some of this variation. A total of 255 infants of birth ...
Torabinejad Mahmoud - - 2005
The purpose of this systematic review was (a) to search for clinical articles pertaining to success and failure of nonsurgical root canal therapy, and (b) to assign levels of evidence to these studies. Electronic and manual searches were conducted to identify studies published between January 1966 and September 2004 with ...
Corrao Salvatore - - 2005
In clinical practice, the clinician is challenged with symptoms and/or signs at times apparently insoluble by diagnostic and/or therapeutic means. We propose that in these cases, we have to use an EBM approach in which evidence may be looked up in every available clinical report and bibliographic databases are used ...
Kanjwal M Yousuf - - 2005
Syncope is not an uncommon condition. The evaluation can be as frustrating as the treatment. The role of a detailed history and physical examination cannot be underestimated and both remain a cornerstone in the evaluation of syncope. A systematic approach may not only lead to correct diagnosis in most cases, ...
Teece Stewart - - 2005
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether serial x rays were necessary in cases of battery ingestion where the battery has passed through the oesophagus. A total of 104 papers were found using the reported search, of which none presented any evidence to answer the clinical question. ...
Akobeng A K - - 2005
This review covers the basic principles of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The problems associated with traditional narrative reviews are discussed, as is the role of systematic reviews in limiting bias associated with the assembly, critical appraisal, and synthesis of studies addressing specific clinical questions. Important issues that need to be ...
Lawson Margaret L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality of systematic reviews reported in English and in languages other than English, and to determine whether there are differences between conventional medicine (CM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) reports. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used the Oxman and Guyatt (OG) scale to assess the ...
Sood Amit - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Since the early 1970s, the efficacy of acupuncture for treating clinical conditions has been evaluated in several hundred randomized trials. Results from these trials have been synthesized in systematic reviews. A well-designed systematic review provides the highest level of evidence for establishing the efficacy of a clinical intervention. OBJECTIVES: ...
Gorschlüter Marcus - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neutropenic enterocolitis is a life-threatening complication occurring most frequently after intensive chemotherapy in acute leukaemias. The literature is heterogeneous and a systematic review is lacking. METHODS: Following a systematic search we categorised all relevant reports according to their quality and extracted evidence to answer the questions: Which diagnostic criteria ...
Kliewer Mark A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine which manuscript reviewer characteristics are most strongly associated with reviewer performance as judged by editors of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: At the AJR, manuscript reviews are rated by the journal editors on a subjective scale from ...
Papa Linda - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In preparation for the World Congress on Drowning uniform reporting consensus document of drowning incidents we reviewed systematically the medical literature for the terms and definitions used to describe drowning incidents to assess the uniformity of these terms in the medical literature. METHODS: The search strategy included a literature ...
Khan S B - - 2005
Removable partial dentures (RPD) are an effective and affordable treatment option for partial edentulism. If the main reason for seeking treatment is the need for improved aesthetics, treatment should be geared towards achieving this goal. This article is the result of a literature study on aesthetic clasp design for the ...
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