Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 933
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Marr Amy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are many different confidence interval calculation methods, each providing different as well as in some cases inadequate interval estimates. Readers who know which method is used are better able to understand potentially significant limitations in study reports. OBJECTIVES: To quantify how often confidence interval calculation methods are disclosed ...
Mahid S S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Understanding of data-reporting methods is imperative for correct interpretation of the medical literature as well as for proper performance of future clinical research. Recent developments in biostatistics have greatly changed the types of statistical analyses used and the minimum quality standards that must be maintained. METHOD: Different types of ...
Jayaram P M - - 2006
We set out to determine the quality of existing systematic reviews on multiple pregnancies. We conducted an electronic search in MEDLINE (1951 - 2005), EMBASE (1974 - 2005) and the Cochrane Database for Systematic reviews (2005:2) and a hand-search of reference lists without any language restrictions to identify relevant reviews. ...
Maxwell Lara - - 2006
The Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group (CMSG), one of 50 groups of the not-for-profit international Cochrane Collaboration, prepares, maintains, and disseminates systematic reviews of treatments for musculoskeletal diseases. To enhance the quality and usability of systematic reviews, the CMSG has developed tailored methodological guidelines for authors of CMSG systematic reviews. Recommendations specific ...
Roposch Andreas A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Institute of Child Health, University College London, Great Ormond St, London WC1N 3JH, England. - - 2006
To systematically review the quality of diagnostic accuracy reporting in studies on the use of ultrasonography (US) for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). A systematic review of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE, and Cochrane Library databases was performed by using a validated search strategy. Two independent reviewers ...
Jørgensen Anders W - - 2006
To compare the methodological quality and conclusions in Cochrane reviews with those in industry supported meta-analyses and other meta-analyses of the same drugs. Systematic review comparing pairs of meta-analyses that studied the same two drugs in the same disease and were published within two years of each other. Cochrane Database ...
Sinha Mukesh K - - 2006
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses often occupy the top of the hierarchy of evidence in support of evidence-based clinical practice. These studies commonly inform the formulation of clinical guidelines. Bias can intrude at several levels during the conduct of systematic reviews. The effect these various biases, in particular reporting bias, have ...
Lepore Stephen J - - 2006
We review a decade of review articles concerning psychosocial interventions for cancer patients. We find a distinct progression in the tone of interpretations of the literature, as better quality studies accumulate and the sophistication of reviews improves. The current literature does not make a compelling case for the value of ...
Ghosh Angaj - - 2006
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether myringotomy is of value in cases of haemotympanum. In all, 205 papers were found in Medline and 105 in Cochrane using the reported searches. None presented any evidence to answer the clinical question. Hence, it is concluded that there is no ...
Mahady Gail B - - 2006
The purpose of this article is to assess recent data supporting the safety and efficacy of black cohosh products for the mitigation of menopause-related symptoms. Searches of the published literature in Napralert, Cochrane Library and PubMed databases were performed from 2003 to 2006. Information from drug regulatory agencies from five ...
Ferreira Lydia M - - 2006
The superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) is not included in the International Anatomic Terminology, although it is a fundamental anatomical structure in plastic surgeons. In the literature, the concept of the SMAS is not clear, leading to repercussions in the treatment of the SMAS via the various techniques for rhytidoplasty. This ...
Major Michael P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of systematic reviews are published each year, though little has been done to evaluate their search and selection methodology. METHODS: The authors searched dental systematic reviews published between Jan. 1, 2000, and July 14, 2005, for descriptions of how researchers used multiple electronic databases and secondary searches. ...
Leong S C L - - 2006
AIMS: To define the role of medical or surgical treatment in patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA syndrome). METHODS: A Medline search was performed using the terms PFAPA, periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis, treatment. A systematic review of the English literature was performed. ...
Jacob Susan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, risk factors, mechanism, times of onset and resolution, and treatment of hyponatremia associated with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). DATA SOURCES: An English-language literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (1966-December 2005) using the search terms selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, hyponatremia, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, ...
Flores-Mir Carlos - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: More systematic reviews related to orthodontic topics are published each year, although little has been done to evaluate their search and selection methodologies. METHODS: Systematic reviews related to orthodontics published between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2004, were searched for their use of multiple electronic databases and secondary ...
Parkes Georgina - - 2006
In clinical practice, we have come across people with intellectual disability who have gender dysphoria and cross-dress. Here, we review the literature on this subject and present an illustrative case example. We searched databases, followed-up references from relevant articles, and contacted colleagues in the field. We found nine papers with ...
Mallett Susan - - 2006
To assess the methods and reporting of systematic reviews of diagnostic tests. Systematic searches of Medline, Embase, and five other databases identified reviews of tests used in patients with cancer. Of these, 89 satisfied our inclusion criteria of reporting accuracy of the test compared with a reference test, including an ...
Leroi Iracema - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical management of cognitive impairment and dementia related to Parkinson's disease (PD), with emphasis on pharmacologic intervention strategies such as cholinesterase inhibitors. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and Cochrane Collaboration search of English language literature from 1970 to 2004 was performed to identify reviews, studies, ...
van den Ende Cornelia H M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To identify the strategies used to deal with the clinical heterogeneity of interventions and multiple outcome measures used in Cochrane reviews on physiotherapy and occupational therapy. METHODS: A search for systematic reviews on physiotherapy and occupational therapy in the Cochrane Library was performed. Data on the method ...
Jordan James B - - 2006
A review of the efficacy of acupuncture as treatment for opiate addiction, covering 33 years of reported literature in western scientific journals, was systematically undertaken. Some abstracts from Chinese language journals were also briefly reviewed. Supportive evidence often came from non-controlled nonblinded methodologies. When well-designed clinical trials (randomized, controlled, single-blind ...
Martínez M - - 2006
The potential of Case-Based Reasoning to use the knowledge gained from past experiences to solve problematic situations has made this Artificial Intelligence technique a useful decision support tool in different environmental domains such as wastewater treatment. Case-Based Reasoning tools automatically identify similarities between present and previous situations (cases) and reuse ...
Provenzale James M - - 2006
In this article, we provide a step-by-step guide to reviewing a manuscript that we hope will improve the quality of reviews for the AJR. We have provided a detailed series of guidelines for providing excellent reviews of manuscripts. The template we have provided can be used to serve as a ...
Mallen Christian - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To review current practice in the assessment of the quality of original observational studies included in systematic reviews. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Examination of all systematic reviews identified by a basic PubMed search for the years 1999-2000 (32 reviews) and 2003-2004 (98 reviews). English language systematic reviews published ...
van Teijlingen Edwin E Department of Public Health, University of - - 2006
This paper highlights the key steps to follow when conducting a systematic review (see Box 2). Healthcare practitioners may be limited by time and resources when conducting literature reviews, however, a systematic and transparent approach should be adopted wherever possible. Further detailed guidance on conducting systematic reviews is available from ...
Reilly K A - - 2006
Studies on the use of lateral wedge orthotics in the conservative management of medial compartment osteoarthritis are widely quoted. This approach, however, does not consider the disruption of the interaction between lower limb and foot and ankle function that lateral wedges would produce. This comprehensive, systematic review was therefore undertaken ...
Hirashima, Yoshihiro
Additional 19 species of Palaeorhiza taken by the 3rd Archbold Expedition are reported in this second and final report. Sixteen species are described as new, as follows : polita, bicolorata, subhyalina, trigona, robusta, falcifera, nigra, dis-tincta, gloriosa, paracylindrica, punctata, capitata, aenea, nana, viridiceps and swbcrassi-Ceps.
Dawut, Ahmatjan
The second report of a systematic study of the subgenus Seladonia Robertson of the genus Halictus (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae) in Asia is presented. In the present paper five species, Halictus (Seladonia) seladonius (Fabricius), H. propinquus Smith, H. subaurat (Rossi), H. subauratoides Bluthgen, and H. vicinus Vachal are treated.
Dawut, Ahmatjan
The third report of a systematic study of the subgenus Seladonia Robertson of the genus Halictus (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) in Asia is presented. Eight species, Halictus (Seladonia) smaragdulus Vachal, H. semitectus Morawitz, H. mongolicus Morawitz, H. dorni Ebmer, H. tumulorum higashi Sakagami & Ebmer are treated in the present paper.
Bridevaux Isabelle Peytremann - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: . To evaluate how the level of evidence perceived by an international panel of experts was concordant with the level of evidence found in the literature, to compare experts perceived level of evidence to their appropriateness scores, and to compare appropriateness criteria for colonoscopy between experts and an evidence-based ...
Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
Published in The Timberman, March 1929. Information reviewed and reaffirmed, 1963. Original report dated March 1929.
Wark David M - - 2006
This review summarizes the use of hypnotic inductions while the subject is physically active, open-eyed and focused on the external environment. Research cited from several sources documents that traditional and alert inductions produce similar hypnotic susceptibility scores, but after an alert induction, subjects may report feeling more alert and in ...
Frost Brandy K - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to review the current knowledge regarding ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) use in clinical practice and to provide example cases for its use in a hypertension (HTN) specialty clinic. DATA SOURCES: Published research trials, medical literature, and cases from the Center for Senior ...
Sgouros Spiros N - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an increasingly recognized condition both in children and adults. The aim of the present study was to review the available evidence regarding EE in adults. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and medical textbooks were searched in May-June 2005 for English-language articles published between January 1978 and June ...
Dundar Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent of use of data from conference abstracts and presentations in health technology assessments (HTAs) provided as part of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) appraisal process. Also to assess the methodological quality of trials from conference abstracts and presentations, the consistency of ...
Schroter Sara S BMJ Editorial Office, BMA House, London, England. - - 2006
Many journals give authors who submit papers the opportunity to suggest reviewers. Use of these reviewers varies by journal and little is known about the quality of the reviews they produce. To compare author- and editor-suggested reviewers to investigate differences in review quality and recommendations for publication. Observational study of ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2006
To appraise multiple systematic reviews on the same clinical topic, focusing on predictors and correlates of quality of reporting of meta-analysis (QUOROM) scores. Case study. Reviews providing at least individual quantitative estimates on role of acetylcysteine in the prevention of contrast associated nephropathy. PubMed, the database of abstracts of reviews ...
Irwin Richard S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on habit, tic, and psychogenic cough, and to make evidence-based recommendations regarding diagnosis and treatment. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY: For data on adults, an Ovid MEDLINE literature review (through February 2005) was performed for all studies published in the English language, including case series and case reports, since ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2006
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. It now contains 2524 complete reviews, 1589 protocols of reviews and 5585 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 463,763 randomized controlled trials, 20 methodology reviews and 7484 cited papers ...
Lavis John N - - 2006
Systematic reviews are increasingly seen as helpful "knowledge support" for managers and policy makers, and deliberative processes are starting to be seen as promising, locally contextualized "decision support." Increases to the flow of systematic reviews should be complemented by efforts to facilitate the retrieval, and adapt the presentation, of the ...
Wager Elizabeth - - 2006
BACKGROUND: BioMed Central (BMC) requires authors to suggest four reviewers when making a submission. Editors searching for reviewers use these suggestions as a source. The review process of the medical journals in the BMC series is open--authors and reviewers know each other's identity--although reviewers can make confidential comments to the ...
Crawford Fay - - 2006
Around 15-25% of people are likely to have athlete's foot at any one time. The infection can spread to other parts of the body and to other people. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of topical ...
Herman Sari M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To critically review the body of literature that refutes or supports the role of antimalarials in the exacerbation of psoriasis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were reviewed to identify English-language publications from 1966-2005 examining the role of antimalarials in the exacerbation of psoriasis. ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2006
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. It now contains 2435 complete reviews, 1606 protocols of reviews and 5340 one page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 454,449 randomized controlled trials, 20 methodology reviews and 7059 cited papers ...
Peters Jaime L - - 2006
To maximize the findings of animal experiments to inform likely health effects in humans, a thorough review and evaluation of the animal evidence is required. Systematic reviews and, where appropriate, meta-analyses have great potential in facilitating such an evaluation, making efficient use of the animal evidence while minimizing possible sources ...
Hauer Klaus - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to review systematically the range of case definitions and methods used to measure falls in randomised controlled trials. DESIGN/METHODS: a Cochrane review of fall prevention interventions was used to identify fall definitions in published trials. Secondary searches of various databases were used to identify additional methodological or theoretical papers. ...
Sampson Margaret - - 2006
Most electronic search efforts directed at identifying primary studies for inclusion in systematic reviews rely on the optimal Boolean search features of search interfaces such as DIALOG and Ovid. Our objective is to test the ability of an Ultraseek search engine to rank MEDLINE records of the included studies of ...
Shea Beverley - - 2006
Systematic reviews (SRs) must be of high quality. The purpose of our research was to compare the methodological and reporting quality of original versus updated Cochrane SRs to determine whether updating had improved these two quality dimensions. We identified updated Cochrane SRs published in issue 4, 2002 of the Cochrane ...
Krause Gérard - - 2006
Case definitions have been recognized to be important elements of public health surveillance systems. They are to assure comparability and consistency of surveillance data and have crucial impact on the sensitivity and the positive predictive value of a surveillance system. The reliability of case definitions has rarely been investigated systematically. ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2006
Although the methods for conducting systematic reviews of efficacy are well established, there is much less guidance on how systematic reviews of adverse effects should be performed. In order to determine where methodological research is most needed to improve systematic reviews of adverse effects of health care interventions, we conducted ...
Gary Margaret M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The systematic analysis of morbidity and mortality for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medical abortion regimen using mifepristone is possible using data from the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System. OBJECTIVE: To assess mifepristone's mortality, morbidity, sentinel events, and quality of postmarketing surveillance using mifepristone adverse event reports (AERs). ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >