Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 908
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Chinuck R S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of appetite stimulants in cystic fibrosis (CF) is controversial because of doubts concerning efficacy and side-effects. The aim of the review was to establish whether appetite stimulants should be recommended in CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, AMED, British Nursing Index, Cinahl, Embase, The Cochrane Library, National Research ...
Tondeur Marianne - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reproducibility in reporting on renal drainage obtained during (99m)Tc MAG3 renography in children, when already processed data are offered to the observers. METHODS: Because web site facilities were used for communication, 57 observers from five continents participated in the ...
Jackson, HD ; 2–6 ...
I undertook a review of evidence for the translocation of eggs and young by nightjars through a comprehensive search of the literature. I found that most of the evidence was based on hearsay, supposition, a misunderstanding of nightjar behaviour, or on the repetition of a story going back 200 years ...
Lai Timothy Y Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reporting quality of key methodological items in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in four general clinical ophthalmology journals. METHODS: The reporting of 11 key methodological items in RCTs published in American Journal of Ophthalmology, Archives of Ophthalmology, British Journal of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmology in the year 2005 ...
Remington Ruth - - 2007
Dehydration is a serious acute condition in older adults associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hypodermoclysis (HDC; the infusion of fluids into the subcutaneous tissue) can provide an alternative to intravenous (i.v.) rehydration of older adults. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of HDC to treat mild ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2008
Systematic reviews incorporating adverse effects are assuming increasing importance as questions raised extend beyond clinical effectiveness to all effects (beneficial and harmful). The aim of this study was to survey the methods used to identify relevant studies for systematic reviews of adverse effects. All records within the Database of Abstracts ...
Phillips J S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES OF REVIEW: The use of aminoglycoside drops in the presence of a perforation/grommet is still a common practice amongst the UK ENT community, in spite of theoretical risk of ototoxicity. Mindful of the need to produce clinical guidelines based on the best available evidence, it was the ...
Junhua Zhang - - 2007
CONTEXT: Good systematic reviews/meta-analyses are important sources of information for clinicians, patients, government officials, and other decision makers. Now, there is an increasing number of systematic reviews/meta-analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Thus, it is necessary to assess the quality of these reviews. OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and reporting ...
Bonini Sergio - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A 1-year systematic review in the field of ocular allergy was carried out to select new information which may be useful for a practical approach to allergic conjunctivitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Out of the 56 articles listed by PubMed, 27 papers were included in the review following a ...
Woods P - - 2007
This paper reports the results of a literature review that was undertaken to provide background for a small pilot study that introduced violence measurement instruments that was to assist the development of nursing practice on an acute psychiatric unit. Multiple databases were searched, focusing on publications since 1994: CINAHL, Ovid ...
Blackmore A M - - 2007
This systematic review examines the effects of casting, either alone or in combination with botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A), on equinus in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Comparisons are made between casting alone and no treatment, between casting alone and BTX-A alone, between combined casting and BTX-A and each treatment ...
Cincu Rafael - - 2007
Intramedullary epidermoid cysts of the spinal cord are rare tumors, especially those not associated with spinal dysraphism. About 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Of these, only seven cases have had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. We report two cases of spinal intramedullary epidermoid cysts with MR imaging. ...
Trujillo-Santos A Javier - - 2008
The term "economy-class syndrome" defines an infrequent episode of venous thromboembolism (VTED) related to a long travel, namely by plane. However, this relation has not clearly been demonstrated by investigators. We carried out a systematic review and a meta-analysis of cases-control studies that had studied this topic. We realised a ...
Moe Rikke H - - 2007
An increasing number of systematic reviews are available regarding nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this article are to identify high-quality systematic reviews on the effect of nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip OA and to summarize available high-quality evidence for these treatment approaches. The ...
Huber Diane L - - 2007
This is the third of a 3-part series presenting 2 effective applications--acuity and dosage--that describe how the business case for case management (CM) can be made. In Part I, dosage and acuity concepts were explained as client need-severity, CM intervention-intensity, and CM activity-dose prescribed by amount, frequency, duration, and breadth ...
Schuler-Faccini Lavinia - - 2007
Thalidomide is the best known human teratogen. Although withdrawn from the market in 1961, thalidomide was remarketed after 1965 in several countries, for the treatment of erythema nodosum leprosum. Thalidomide has a potent immunomodulatory property and has now a number of approved and off-label uses in dermatologic, oncologic, infectious and ...
Lesaffre Emmanuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hujoel & Moulton previously questioned the reported quality of split-mouth studies. Since then, there has been little enquiry into the methodology of this study design. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of the reported methodology of clinical studies using a split-mouth design published in dental journals over ...
Haneline Michael T - - 2007
The objective of this review is to determine how frequently likelihood ratios (LRs) have been used or described in the chiropractic literature and to depict their appropriate use in the clinical setting. A literature search was conducted of the MEDLINE, Manual Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System, and Index to ...
Sismondo Sergio - - 2008
This article systematically reviews published studies of the association of pharmaceutical industry funding and clinical trial results, as well a few closely related studies. It reviews two earlier results, and surveys the recent literature. Results are clear: Pharmaceutical company sponsorship is strongly associated with results that favor the sponsors' interests.
Rivara Frederick P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare reviews done by editor-selected reviewers with reviews by author-suggested reviewers, examining the quality, timeliness, and recommendations of the 2 sets of reviewers. STUDY DESIGN: Comparison of reviews for 140 manuscripts submitted to a pediatric journal in 2005. For each manuscript, a review by an editor-selected reviewer was ...
Shojania Kaveh G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews are often advocated as the best source of evidence to guide clinical decisions and health care policy, yet we know little about the extent to which they require updating. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the average time to changes in evidence that are sufficiently important to warrant updating systematic ...
James Jack E - - 2007
In a recent article, Hewat et al. 1 claimed to have developed novel procedures for treating stuttering. The present article reviews relevant literature, and shows that the Hewat et al. claims of originality are exaggerated. It is concluded that the Hewat et al. study includes conceptual and methodological weaknesses that ...
Dellon Evan S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging clinicopathologic entity defined by abnormal esophageal eosinophilic infiltration. Our understanding of this disease is hampered by the lack of a uniform diagnostic standard. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the range of diagnostic strategies and histologic criteria in the EoE ...
Das Souvik - - 2007
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether routine chest x rays are required following bronchoscopy guided percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). A total of 393 citations were reviewed of which six answered the three part question. The clinical bottom line is that at present there is no clinical ...
Hanratty Barbara B Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2007
Use of evidence on clinical effectiveness that is of poor quality or is biased in favour of the therapy under study is a concern in economic evaluations and may contribute to a mistrust of pharmacoeconomic studies. This study aimed to determine whether the authors of economic evaluations use the best ...
Seoane-Vazquez E - - 2007
This article is an analysis of the characteristics of exogenous endoscopy-related infections, pseudoinfections, and toxic reactions that have occurred worldwide during the period 1974 - 2004. A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 1966 and 2004 was conducted in Medline and the Food and Drug Administration Reports database, ...
Tuon Felipe Francisco - - 2007
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from bronchoalveolar lavage clinical samples (BAL) has been used to assist in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. Several studies have been published regarding the utility of this test, although no systematic review of the literature has been performed to date. The objective of this systematic review ...
Abernethy Liz - - 2007
This systematic review set out to identify randomised controlled trials and controlled intervention studies that evaluated the effectiveness of preventive strategies in adolescent sport and to draw conclusions on the strength of the evidence. A literature search in seven databases (Medline, SportDiscus, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Review and DARE) was ...
Gebel Klaus K Centre for Physical Activity and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2007
Over the last few years an increasing number of studies investigating the association between the physical environment and physical activity have been published. Many reviews have also summarized this emerging body of research, and such review papers are frequently used by public health policymakers and researchers themselves to inform decision ...
Smith Valerie V School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. - - 2007
This systematic review aims to identify reviews of fetal fibronectin and transvaginal cervical length for predicting preterm birth, so that these could be appraised and the findings from good quality reviews highlighted. Reviews, rather than individual studies, are the basis for this systematic review because of the proliferation of reviews ...
Moher David - - 2007
Systematic reviews (SRs) have become increasingly popular to a wide range of stakeholders. We set out to capture a representative cross-sectional sample of published SRs and examine them in terms of a broad range of epidemiological, descriptive, and reporting characteristics, including emerging aspects not previously examined. We searched Medline for ...
Ma Irene W Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Methods of reporting of race/ethnicity in biomedical journals are largely unknown. We aimed to systematically examine the reporting practice of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) information in biomedical journals. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: All primary research articles that reported more than one racial/ethnic group, published between 1999 and 2003 ...
Snijders C - - 2007
To examine the characteristics of incident reporting systems in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in relation to type, aetiology, outcome and preventability of incidents. Systematic review. Search strategy: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library. Included: relevant systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, observational studies and qualitative research. Excluded: non-systematic reviews, expert opinions, case ...
McLean Rachael M - - 2007
Alopecia has previously been reported with the atypical antipsychotic medicines olanzapine and risperidone, but has not been described with quetiapine. Case reports of alopecia associated with quetiapine reported to the New Zealand Intensive Medicines Monitoring Programme were reviewed. The World Health Organization international spontaneous reporting database was also searched for ...
Victorri-Vigneau Caroline - - 2007
To show that the nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic zolpidem has a higher abuse potential than previously documented. An official enquiry was carried out by the Nantes Centre for Evaluation and Information on Pharmacodependence (CEIP). The authors made a review of literature and analysed French data corresponding to the drug's postmarketing period collected ...
Teasell Robert - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the rehabilitation literature of moderate to severe acquired brain injuries (ABI) from traumatic and non-traumatic causes. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted for studies looking at interventions in ABI rehabilitation. The methodological quality of each study was determined using the Downs ...
Krueger Courtney D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with bisphosphonates. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1966-January 2007) and a search of International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-January 2007) were conducted to identify relevant literature. Additional references were reviewed from selected articles. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Articles related to ...
Chinchilli Vernon M - - 2007
A systematic review attempts to summarize the scientific evidence related to treatment, causation, diagnosis, or prognosis of a specific disease. Meta-analysis refers to that portion of the systematic review that involves the statistical analysis. This perspective describes the appropriate steps in a systematic review and meta-analysis and critiques the recent ...
Cooper Jonathan M - - 2007
The orthopedic surgeon has little evidence-based literature to refer to when deciding when a patient is "safe" to drive a car. Current advice is derived from several empirical reports on soft-tissue and bone healing. Using the terms surgery and driving, I searched Pubmed and Medline to review the relevant English-language ...
Luther F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To review how occlusion, facial growth, TM disc position and malocclusion may relate to TMD; to review clinical studies investigating TMD pre- and post-orthodontic treatment as well as other studies linking occlusal features with TMD highlighting their limitations; and to make suggestions for improved study designs in the future ...
Sieving Pamela C - - 2007
In this era of evidence-based practice, it is important for nurses in all settings to understand and have access to high-quality systematic reviews of published evidence. This paper introduces a premier resource, the Cochrane Collaboration, and reviews mechanisms for accessing its published systematic reviews from any practice setting.
Smith Lucinda - - 2007
The purpose of the present paper was to review the current state of evidence for types of case management, focusing on the last 10 years since publication of the Cochrane Systematic Reviews of case management and assertive community treatment. A literature review of electronic databases from 1995 to the present ...
Whitten Pamela - - 2007
We conducted a systematic review of 15 relevant databases for articles about telemedicine. After eliminating articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria, 1615 remained for analysis. Three raters coded the articles to assess various theoretical and methodological variables. Only 5% (n = 85) of the telemedicine articles made mention ...
Tisi Paul - - 2007
Varicose veins are caused by poorly functioning valves in the veins, and decreased elasticity of the vein wall, allowing pooling of blood within the veins, and their subsequent enlargement. Varicose veins affect up to 40% of adults, and are more common in obese people, and in women who have had ...
Porter Stephen R - - 2007
Most people with recurrent aphthous ulcers develop a few ulcers less than 1 cm in diameter, that heal after 5-14 days without scarring. The causes are unknown, but risks of recurrence may decrease if the person gives up smoking. Local physical trauma may trigger ulcers in susceptible people. In 10% ...
Struijs Peter - - 2007
Injury of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle joint occurs in about one per 10,000 people a day, accounting for a quarter of all sports injuries. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatment strategies ...
Bhatti Ahmad F - - 2007
Free-floating thrombus (FFT) of the carotid artery is an uncommon entity that usually presents as an acute emergency. Management is based on case reports and series because the natural history and optimal treatment are unknown. This study was conducted to systematically review the world literature in an attempt to better ...
Kim Sara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known about strategies for developing teaching cases and strategies for identifying design features that optimize a learner's interactions with Web-based cases. PURPOSES: We examined design features in Web cases that facilitated interactive and engaging learning. METHODS: Nine collaborators reviewed selected Web cases and documented the presence of ...
Taylor-Robinson David - - 2007
Malaria is a major health problem in the tropics, with 300-500 million new clinical cases annually, most of them cases of uncomplicated malaria. An estimated 1.1-2.7 million deaths occur annually as a result of severe falciparum malaria. Uncomplicated malaria can progress to severe malaria, become chronic, or resolve, depending on ...
Islam Niaz - - 2007
Anterior uveitis is rare, with an annual incidence of 12/100,000 population, although it is more common in Finland (annual incidence of 23/100,000), probably because of genetic factors, such as high frequency of HLA-B27 in the population. It is often self-limiting, but can, in some cases, lead to complications such as ...
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