Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 918
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ten Hacken Nick - - 2008
Bronchiectasis is usually a complication of previous lower respiratory infection, and causes chronic cough and copious production of sputum, which is often purulent. Bronchiectasis may cause signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It can also be associated with cystic fibrosis and other congenital disorders, foreign body inhalation, and other causes ...
Kok Marjolein - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical factors that influence the estimates of clinicians of the success of an external cephalic version(ECV), and the subsequent management decisions made by clinicians. DESIGN: We constructed 16 fictional vignettes of women with a term fetus in breech position eligible for ECV. Setting. Secondary and tertiary ...
Soll Roger F - - 2008
Maintaining updated systematic reviews is one of the key goals of the Cochrane Collaboration. Reviews are meant to be updated at an interval of no more than 2 years. The Cochrane Neonatal Review (CNRG) is one of the most productive contributors to the Cochrane Collaboration. However, this means that the ...
Hajioff Daniel - - 2008
Otitis externa is thought to affect 10% of people at some stage, and can present in acute, chronic, or necrotising forms. Otitis externa may be associated with eczema of the ear canal, and is more common in swimmers, humid environments, people with absence of ear wax or with narrow ear ...
Javadpour Mohsen - - 2008
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may arise spontaneously or as a result of trauma. Spontaneous SAH accounts for about 5% of all strokes. Ruptured aneurysms are the cause of 85% of spontaneous SAH. The most characteristic clinical feature is sudden-onset severe headache. Other features include vomiting, photophobia, and focal neurological deficit or ...
Peinemann Frank - - 2008
Primary study selection between systematic reviews is inconsistent, and reviews on the same topic may reach different conclusions. Our main objective was to compare systematic reviews on negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) regarding their agreement in primary study selection. This retrospective analysis was conducted within the framework of a systematic ...
Potack Jonathan Z - - 2008
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is one of the most commonly performed gastrointestinal procedures, despite absence of benefit in many patients and risks associated with the procedure. Increased education of primary care physicians about the shortcomings of PEG may allow for better selection of patients to be referred for PEG placement. ...
Henry Kevin A - - 2008
To reduce the number of non-geocoded cases researchers and organizations sometimes include cases geocoded to postal code centroids along with cases geocoded with the greater precision of a full street address. Some analysts then use the postal code to assign information to the cases from finer-level geographies such as a ...
Fesperman Susan F - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined study characteristics, authorship and institutional origin of studies presented in abstract form at the Southeastern Section of the American Urological Association annual meetings and identified predictors of full text publication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All abstracts of poster and podium presentations from the Southeastern Section of the American ...
Hassan Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To highlight therapeutic controversies, and present a critical review of the most recent evidence on the management of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search from October 1996 until October 2006 was carried out. Pertinent literature was identified and other references identified from the bibliographic citations of the ...
Chinuck R S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of appetite stimulants in cystic fibrosis (CF) is controversial because of doubts concerning efficacy and side-effects. The aim of the review was to establish whether appetite stimulants should be recommended in CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, AMED, British Nursing Index, Cinahl, Embase, The Cochrane Library, National Research ...
Tondeur Marianne - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer reproducibility in reporting on renal drainage obtained during (99m)Tc MAG3 renography in children, when already processed data are offered to the observers. METHODS: Because web site facilities were used for communication, 57 observers from five continents participated in the ...
Jackson, HD ; 2–6 ...
I undertook a review of evidence for the translocation of eggs and young by nightjars through a comprehensive search of the literature. I found that most of the evidence was based on hearsay, supposition, a misunderstanding of nightjar behaviour, or on the repetition of a story going back 200 years ...
Lai Timothy Y Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reporting quality of key methodological items in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in four general clinical ophthalmology journals. METHODS: The reporting of 11 key methodological items in RCTs published in American Journal of Ophthalmology, Archives of Ophthalmology, British Journal of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmology in the year 2005 ...
Remington Ruth - - 2007
Dehydration is a serious acute condition in older adults associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hypodermoclysis (HDC; the infusion of fluids into the subcutaneous tissue) can provide an alternative to intravenous (i.v.) rehydration of older adults. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of HDC to treat mild ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2008
Systematic reviews incorporating adverse effects are assuming increasing importance as questions raised extend beyond clinical effectiveness to all effects (beneficial and harmful). The aim of this study was to survey the methods used to identify relevant studies for systematic reviews of adverse effects. All records within the Database of Abstracts ...
Phillips J S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES OF REVIEW: The use of aminoglycoside drops in the presence of a perforation/grommet is still a common practice amongst the UK ENT community, in spite of theoretical risk of ototoxicity. Mindful of the need to produce clinical guidelines based on the best available evidence, it was the ...
Junhua Zhang - - 2007
CONTEXT: Good systematic reviews/meta-analyses are important sources of information for clinicians, patients, government officials, and other decision makers. Now, there is an increasing number of systematic reviews/meta-analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Thus, it is necessary to assess the quality of these reviews. OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and reporting ...
Bonini Sergio - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A 1-year systematic review in the field of ocular allergy was carried out to select new information which may be useful for a practical approach to allergic conjunctivitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Out of the 56 articles listed by PubMed, 27 papers were included in the review following a ...
Woods P - - 2007
This paper reports the results of a literature review that was undertaken to provide background for a small pilot study that introduced violence measurement instruments that was to assist the development of nursing practice on an acute psychiatric unit. Multiple databases were searched, focusing on publications since 1994: CINAHL, Ovid ...
Blackmore A M - - 2007
This systematic review examines the effects of casting, either alone or in combination with botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A), on equinus in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Comparisons are made between casting alone and no treatment, between casting alone and BTX-A alone, between combined casting and BTX-A and each treatment ...
Cincu Rafael - - 2007
Intramedullary epidermoid cysts of the spinal cord are rare tumors, especially those not associated with spinal dysraphism. About 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Of these, only seven cases have had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. We report two cases of spinal intramedullary epidermoid cysts with MR imaging. ...
Trujillo-Santos A Javier - - 2008
The term "economy-class syndrome" defines an infrequent episode of venous thromboembolism (VTED) related to a long travel, namely by plane. However, this relation has not clearly been demonstrated by investigators. We carried out a systematic review and a meta-analysis of cases-control studies that had studied this topic. We realised a ...
Moe Rikke H - - 2007
An increasing number of systematic reviews are available regarding nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this article are to identify high-quality systematic reviews on the effect of nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip OA and to summarize available high-quality evidence for these treatment approaches. The ...
Huber Diane L - - 2007
This is the third of a 3-part series presenting 2 effective applications--acuity and dosage--that describe how the business case for case management (CM) can be made. In Part I, dosage and acuity concepts were explained as client need-severity, CM intervention-intensity, and CM activity-dose prescribed by amount, frequency, duration, and breadth ...
Schuler-Faccini Lavinia - - 2007
Thalidomide is the best known human teratogen. Although withdrawn from the market in 1961, thalidomide was remarketed after 1965 in several countries, for the treatment of erythema nodosum leprosum. Thalidomide has a potent immunomodulatory property and has now a number of approved and off-label uses in dermatologic, oncologic, infectious and ...
Lesaffre Emmanuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hujoel & Moulton previously questioned the reported quality of split-mouth studies. Since then, there has been little enquiry into the methodology of this study design. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of the reported methodology of clinical studies using a split-mouth design published in dental journals over ...
Haneline Michael T - - 2007
The objective of this review is to determine how frequently likelihood ratios (LRs) have been used or described in the chiropractic literature and to depict their appropriate use in the clinical setting. A literature search was conducted of the MEDLINE, Manual Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System, and Index to ...
Sismondo Sergio - - 2008
This article systematically reviews published studies of the association of pharmaceutical industry funding and clinical trial results, as well a few closely related studies. It reviews two earlier results, and surveys the recent literature. Results are clear: Pharmaceutical company sponsorship is strongly associated with results that favor the sponsors' interests.
Rivara Frederick P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare reviews done by editor-selected reviewers with reviews by author-suggested reviewers, examining the quality, timeliness, and recommendations of the 2 sets of reviewers. STUDY DESIGN: Comparison of reviews for 140 manuscripts submitted to a pediatric journal in 2005. For each manuscript, a review by an editor-selected reviewer was ...
Shojania Kaveh G KG Ottawa Health Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Chalmers Research Group, and Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. - - 2007
Systematic reviews are often advocated as the best source of evidence to guide clinical decisions and health care policy, yet we know little about the extent to which they require updating. To estimate the average time to changes in evidence that are sufficiently important to warrant updating systematic reviews. Survival ...
James Jack E - - 2007
In a recent article, Hewat et al. 1 claimed to have developed novel procedures for treating stuttering. The present article reviews relevant literature, and shows that the Hewat et al. claims of originality are exaggerated. It is concluded that the Hewat et al. study includes conceptual and methodological weaknesses that ...
Dellon Evan S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging clinicopathologic entity defined by abnormal esophageal eosinophilic infiltration. Our understanding of this disease is hampered by the lack of a uniform diagnostic standard. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the range of diagnostic strategies and histologic criteria in the EoE ...
Das Souvik - - 2007
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether routine chest x rays are required following bronchoscopy guided percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). A total of 393 citations were reviewed of which six answered the three part question. The clinical bottom line is that at present there is no clinical ...
Hanratty Barbara B Division of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2007
Use of evidence on clinical effectiveness that is of poor quality or is biased in favour of the therapy under study is a concern in economic evaluations and may contribute to a mistrust of pharmacoeconomic studies. This study aimed to determine whether the authors of economic evaluations use the best ...
Seoane-Vazquez E - - 2007
This article is an analysis of the characteristics of exogenous endoscopy-related infections, pseudoinfections, and toxic reactions that have occurred worldwide during the period 1974 - 2004. A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 1966 and 2004 was conducted in Medline and the Food and Drug Administration Reports database, ...
Tuon Felipe Francisco - - 2007
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from bronchoalveolar lavage clinical samples (BAL) has been used to assist in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. Several studies have been published regarding the utility of this test, although no systematic review of the literature has been performed to date. The objective of this systematic review ...
Abernethy Liz - - 2007
This systematic review set out to identify randomised controlled trials and controlled intervention studies that evaluated the effectiveness of preventive strategies in adolescent sport and to draw conclusions on the strength of the evidence. A literature search in seven databases (Medline, SportDiscus, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Review and DARE) was ...
Gebel Klaus K Centre for Physical Activity and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2007
Over the last few years an increasing number of studies investigating the association between the physical environment and physical activity have been published. Many reviews have also summarized this emerging body of research, and such review papers are frequently used by public health policymakers and researchers themselves to inform decision ...
Smith Valerie V School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland. - - 2007
This systematic review aims to identify reviews of fetal fibronectin and transvaginal cervical length for predicting preterm birth, so that these could be appraised and the findings from good quality reviews highlighted. Reviews, rather than individual studies, are the basis for this systematic review because of the proliferation of reviews ...
Moher David - - 2007
Systematic reviews (SRs) have become increasingly popular to a wide range of stakeholders. We set out to capture a representative cross-sectional sample of published SRs and examine them in terms of a broad range of epidemiological, descriptive, and reporting characteristics, including emerging aspects not previously examined. We searched Medline for ...
Ma Irene W Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Methods of reporting of race/ethnicity in biomedical journals are largely unknown. We aimed to systematically examine the reporting practice of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) information in biomedical journals. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: All primary research articles that reported more than one racial/ethnic group, published between 1999 and 2003 ...
Snijders C C Dr C Snijders, Princess Amalia Department of Paediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Isala Clinics, Sophia, PO Box 10400, 8000 GK Zwolle, The Netherlands. - - 2007
To examine the characteristics of incident reporting systems in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in relation to type, aetiology, outcome and preventability of incidents. Systematic review. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library. Included: relevant systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, observational studies and qualitative research. Excluded: non-systematic reviews, expert opinions, case reports and ...
McLean Rachael M - - 2007
Alopecia has previously been reported with the atypical antipsychotic medicines olanzapine and risperidone, but has not been described with quetiapine. Case reports of alopecia associated with quetiapine reported to the New Zealand Intensive Medicines Monitoring Programme were reviewed. The World Health Organization international spontaneous reporting database was also searched for ...
Victorri-Vigneau Caroline - - 2007
To show that the nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic zolpidem has a higher abuse potential than previously documented. An official enquiry was carried out by the Nantes Centre for Evaluation and Information on Pharmacodependence (CEIP). The authors made a review of literature and analysed French data corresponding to the drug's postmarketing period collected ...
Teasell Robert - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the rehabilitation literature of moderate to severe acquired brain injuries (ABI) from traumatic and non-traumatic causes. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted for studies looking at interventions in ABI rehabilitation. The methodological quality of each study was determined using the Downs ...
Krueger Courtney D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with bisphosphonates. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1966-January 2007) and a search of International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-January 2007) were conducted to identify relevant literature. Additional references were reviewed from selected articles. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Articles related to ...
Chinchilli Vernon M - - 2007
A systematic review attempts to summarize the scientific evidence related to treatment, causation, diagnosis, or prognosis of a specific disease. Meta-analysis refers to that portion of the systematic review that involves the statistical analysis. This perspective describes the appropriate steps in a systematic review and meta-analysis and critiques the recent ...
Cooper Jonathan M - - 2007
The orthopedic surgeon has little evidence-based literature to refer to when deciding when a patient is "safe" to drive a car. Current advice is derived from several empirical reports on soft-tissue and bone healing. Using the terms surgery and driving, I searched Pubmed and Medline to review the relevant English-language ...
Luther F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To review how occlusion, facial growth, TM disc position and malocclusion may relate to TMD; to review clinical studies investigating TMD pre- and post-orthodontic treatment as well as other studies linking occlusal features with TMD highlighting their limitations; and to make suggestions for improved study designs in the future ...
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