Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 660
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Hood S - - 1997
We report the case of a 65 year old immunocompetent man with a listerial pleural effusion. Infection of the pulmonary parenchyma and pleura with listeria monocytogenes has been reported in small numbers of immunocompromised patients but there have been only two previous reports of pulmonary listeria in non-compromised hosts.
Nuorva K - - 1997
A case of disseminated bilateral pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is reported in a two year old Finnish girl. She recovered from this rare infection after treatment with amphotericin B. She is the first human case of adiaspiromycosis in Scandinavia and she is the youngest child with this disease reported so far. Electron ...
Bartoloni A - - 1997
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) is an unusual manifestation of filarial infection, most commonly found in South-East Asia and caused by immunologic hyperresponsiveness to Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. This report concerns a case of TPE in a 25-year-old Indian male who had been living in Italy for two years and ...
Navío P - - 1997
In 97 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), we analyzed the incidence of atypical roentgenographic locations, roentgenographic patterns, the correlation between the diagnostic yield and the roentgenographic pattern and the usefulness of simple or induced sputum (82 cases), bronchoaspirate (BAS; 29 cases), postfiberoptic bronchoscopy sputum (PFBS; 16 cases) and how the ...
Yalçin S - - 1997
Multiple chondromatous hamartomas are extremely rare and we have not found any bilateral presentation in the literature. We report the case of a 47-year-old woman presenting with a cough, chest pain and dyspnea. Chest x-ray and computed tomography revealed multiple and bilateral pulmonary nodules. A metastatic carcinoma was considered, but ...
Bassil S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of unilateral hydrothorax occurrence after ovarian stimulation for IVF. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 39-year-old female suffering from primary infertility due to a severe male factor. INTERVENTION(S): Thoracocentesis with IV albumin administration for correction of a concomitant hypoalbuminemia. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Brown H S - - 1996
We report the case of a patient with pelvic endometriosis and recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces who had thoracotomy and diagnostic laparoscopy, with subsequent acute pulmonary edema. Potential causes are discussed. After a thorough literature search, we believe this to be the first case in which thoracotomy has been combined with diagnostic ...
Manns B J - - 1996
A previously well 59-year-old man presented with paracoccidioidomycosis, more than 15 years after leaving South America. He failed to respond to conventional therapies, first with oral itraconazole and then with amphotericin B plus sulfadiazine, and eventually died of recurrent arterial emboli possibly due to paracoccidioidomycotic aortitis. This patient's presentation demonstrates ...
Wu C T - - 1996
Unilateral pulmonary agenesis is extremely rare and the diagnosis can be made by a number of conventional methods. We report two cases: a 16-day-old girl and a 14-year-old girl presenting with tachypnoea in whom three-dimensional reconstruction of helical chest computed tomography was used to demonstrate the complete absence of the ...
Chi T W - - 1996
We present a case of a patient suffering from acute abdomen with a palpable mass on the left lower quadrant of the abdominal wall. The clinical manifestations and plain abdomen gave the misleading diagnosis of a ventral hernia. A review of the patient history revealed the use of anticoagulants for ...
Kon O M - - 1996
Pulmonary complications of crack cocaine have been reported mainly from American centres. Crack usage is now on the increase in the UK. Three cases of "crack lung" are reported in patients who acquired the drug from the same source. The pulmonary syndrome they developed was due to an impure form ...
Clavel A - - 1996
Five case of intestinal cryptosporidiosis with pulmonary involvement in patients with AIDS are reported. The diagnosis was based on the recognition of acid-fast oocysts in sputum or aspirated bronchial material and stool specimens. Coughing and excess secretions were present in all cases. Four patients had other associated pulmonary pathogens: two ...
Pampiglione S - - 1996
Two new cases of human pulmonary dirofilariasis, in a 66-year-old woman and a 69-year-old man, respectively, both living in the Po valley, are described. They represent the 7th and 8th cases reported in Italy and seem to be ascribable to Dirofilaria repens, even though the poor state of preservation of ...
Tan K L - - 1996
Distant metastases due to paraganglioma are a rare occurrence. We report a case of paraganglioma with pulmonary metastases and review the literature on paragangliomas. A 29-year-old female presented with cervical lymphadenopathy, excision biopsy of which confirmed the diagnosis of paraganglioma. She subsequently underwent tumour embolisation and received a course of ...
Thompson J W - - 1996
Hemoptysis is an occasional complication of adult pulmonary disease and is rare in children. The most common causes in adults are infection, bronchiectasis, pulmonary neoplasm, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary infarct, and trauma; in children the most common causes are infection and congenital abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary vasculature. Nine cases of hemoptysis ...
Lim G I - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are heterogeneous groups of disorders that involve the interstitium of the lung. Lung biopsy is mandatory in most cases of ILD for diagnosis. In Korea, a few clinical data about ILD were analyzed on the basis of pathologic proof. Thus, we analysed the clinical profiles ...
Bitton A - - 1996
Lung toxicity associated with 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA) agents is a rare entity. We report the case of a 32-yr-old woman with ulcerative colitis who developed progressive shortness of breath while taking one of the 5-ASA drugs, oral mesalamine. Bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, peripheral eosinophilia, and histological findings consistent with acute pneumonitis characterized ...
Bassiri A G - - 1996
We present the first case of mediastinitis and the third case of pneumonia attributed to Actinomyces odontolyticus. The first patient presented 10 months after single-lung transplant with a subacute apical infiltrate in the native lung and responded to therapy with oral penicillin. The second patient developed pyogenic mediastinitis 25 days ...
McManus D T - - 1996
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, characterised by defective transport of the cationic amino acids lysine, arginine and ornithine. To date there are few reported necropsy cases. This report describes the necropsy findings in a 21 year old female patient originally diagnosed as ...
Ivanov G - - 1996
Between 1980 and 1994, 244 children (aged 1-15 years) with pulmonary hydatid disease underwent surgery at the Emergency Medical Institute 'N. I. Pirogov', Sofia, Bulgaria. The number of cases/year generally increased with time. Initial diagnosis, based on X-rays, ultrasonography and computed tomography, was confirmed by immunology. Cysts were either found ...
Schiavetti A - - 1996
The cases of two children under three years of age with primary pulmonary rhabdomyosarcoma and no associated lung malformations are reported and a review of the literature is presented. In both, complete surgical removal of the tumor was performed and histologic examination revealed embryonal subtype. Flow cytometric assessment showed a ...
Masur Y - - 1996
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH), first described by Wagenvoort et al. in 1978, is a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension which occurs predominantly in young adults. In the literature only 18 cases have been reported. In 1988 Langleben et al. proposed a hereditary form of PCH with probable autosomal-recessive transmission. Histologic ...
Rutherford R B - - 1996
Anticoagulant therapy can successfully prevent pulmonary embolism and rethrombosis in most cases, but cannot affect either early morbidity or the late post-thrombotic sequelae. In carefully selected cases, early clot removal by thrombolysis or thrombectomy may be justified by improved outcome because of the significant role early and late outflow obstruction ...
Rayner C F - - 1996
Ciliary disorientation has been proposed as a variant of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD); cilia have normal ultrastructure and normal or near normal ciliary beat frequency (CBF) but lack efficacy because their beat direction is disorientated. We have identified 11 patients, including two siblings, with the clinical features of PCD, who ...
de la Hoz R E - - 1996
Inhalation of highly hydrosoluble toxicants, like ammonia, can be associated with chronic lung diseases, which have been partially characterized. We present the case of three patients who were evaluated 2 years after massive exposure to ammonia in occupational settings. They presented with chronic dyspnea, and clinical pictures consistent with restrictive ...
Domínguez H - - 1996
Multiple pulmonary chondromatous hamartomas (MPCH) are rare, and MPCH with tracheal involvement have not been, to the best of our knowledge, reported before. Furthermore, there is no agreement in the literature about the origin of these tumours. We report a case of MPCH involving trachea, bronchi and lung parenchyma, incidentally ...
Carapiet D A - - 1996
The case of a 12-year-old girl who suffered a severe intracranial bleed secondary to a large arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is described. Following investigation the appropriate treatment was considered to be embolization of the AVM, under general anaesthesia, using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA). During the procedure acute desaturation and pulmonary oedema occurred ...
Shelly M A - - 1996
A pulmonary mycetoma is a round to oval-shaped mass of fungi situated within a cavity in the lung. Most mycetomas are caused by Aspergillus species. Other fungi have occasionally been reported to cause clinically and roentgenographically similar lesions. We report a case of pulmonary mycetoma caused by Candida albicans. Review ...
Mahut B - - 1996
We report eight pediatric cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) that illustrate the polymorphic nature of this disease: two cases with severe neonatal onset, three cases with progressive respiratory distress in patients under 1 year old, and three cases in older children with mild symptoms. Consanguineous parents or affected siblings ...
Coppens L L Service de Médecine Interne, Centre Hospitalier Molière-Longchamp (ULB), Bruxelles, - - 1996
We present an unusual observation actinomycosis involving muscles of the back and probably of one thigh in a patient with pulmonary lesions. The patient was alcoholic and a heavy smoker and his teeth were in very poor repair. Opportunity is taken to review the literature on the rare cases of ...
Koizumi N - - 1995
We propose cloudy nodule (CN) on HRCT as a special type of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. CN was defined as a cloudy nodular shadow in the peripheral part of the lung with lower density than pulmonary vessels on HRCT. Radiologic images of nine CNs in eight cases were correlated with the pathological ...
Rodrigues-Silva R - - 1995
The authors presented a detailed summary of the geographical distribution, clinical and pathological aspects of human pulmonary dirofilariasis. Although benign, this zoonosis, of which Dirofilaria immitis is the major etiological agent, represents a medical problem since it produces symptoms which may be confused with neoplasia and thus may subject patients ...
Yusen R D - - 1995
Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) associated with myelofibrosis uncommonly occurs within the thorax. We describe the first reported case of acute and rapidly fatal respiratory failure due to pulmonary interstitial EMH associated with myelofibrosis. Interstitial EMH should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with interstitial pulmonary infiltrates and respiratory failure ...
Teglia O F - - 1995
Leptospirosis is an uncommon zoonosis. As a systemic infectious disease, leptospirosis usually is characterized by multisystem involvement. Pulmonary involvement with leptospirosis often is manifested by respiratory symptoms, but pneumonia commonly is not a prominent clinical manifestation of the illness. We report a case of fulminant leptospiral pneumonia in which pulmonary ...
Harding M J - - 1995
A survey of tuberculosis in Croydon between 1988 and 1991, using Chest Clinic health visitor records, showed that the disease occurred most frequently in those of Indian Sub-Continent (ISC) ethnic origin. Of the 222 cases during the 4-year period, 65% were of ISC ethnic origin, 22% were Caucasian and 11% ...
Brimacombe J R - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of pulmonary aspiration with the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). DESIGN: A meta-analysis of all published literature on the LMA to September 1993. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: All 547 publications were reviewed and coded, and those observational studies in which the LMA was the main ...
Takayama K - - 1995
It has been reported that various organs are involved in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. Frequently, the heart, lung, skin, and nervous system are involved. Involvement of the middle ear, however, has not yet been reported. In this article, the authors describe the first case of hypereosinophilic syndrome involving the lung and ...
Failla P J - - 1995
Seven diverse cases of pulmonary blastomycosis were recently diagnosed at this institution. It is our purpose to review the unique features in the spectrum of this systemic illness as illustrated by these cases. The wide range of radiographic findings included parenchymal disease, mass-like lesions, and pleural effusions. One patient had ...
Soderstrom M J - - 1995
Fulminant, fatal pulmonary edema developed in an eight-week-old kitten following external splint correction of severe pectus excavatum. History, signalment, onset of clinical signs, and gross pathological findings were most compatible with a diagnosis of reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE). This report presents case findings and a literature review of RPE.
Das D K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to assess the utility of transthoracic (percutaneous) fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. DESIGN: During a period of 6 years (1985-90), 202 ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic FNA of pulmonary lesions were performed. Review of smears available ...
Frazer C K - - 1995
Previous reports on computed tomography findings in pulmonary embolism have concentrated on describing large peripheral wedged-shaped opacities thought to represent infarcts, and filling defects in the central vessels presumed to represent emboli. Two cases are presented of mosaic oligaemia with areas of apparent increase in density initially though to represent ...
al-Lamki Z - - 1995
We report an unusual case of anaphylaxis and hepatitic dysfunction in a child with the administration of the twenty-third course of high-dose methotrexate. The latter had been used as an adjuvant to prevent pulmonary metastases and the prior 22 courses had been well tolerated. An attempt to reinstate methotrexate after ...
Becmeur F - - 1995
The authors report a case history of a male newborn at term, presenting with an accessory diaphragm in the right hemithorax, and an associated lung hypoplasia, revealed by a transient respiratory distress. The review of 31 cases published in the literature confirm the rare occurrence of this malformation. The diagnostic ...
Zapatero J - - 1995
The case of a 70-year-old male with lymphoblastic leukemia is reviewed, who presented the rare and almost always fatal complication of pulmonary mucormycosis, but who was treated satisfactorily with amphotericin B and surgery. The risk of massive hemoptysis in the course of mucormycosis that invades the lung vessels, makes us ...
Srebro S H - - 1994
Tremolite is nearly ubiquitous and represents the most common amphibole fiber in the lungs of urbanites. Tremolite asbestos is not mined or used commercially but is a frequent contaminant of chrysotile asbestos, vermiculite, and talc. Therefore, individuals exposed to these materials or to end-products containing these materials may be exposed ...
Seballos R M - - 1994
Pulmonary blastoma is a rare primary neoplasm of the lung. Approximately 25% of the reported cases have occurred in pediatric patients. The authors found 45 cases of these tumors in children aged < or = 16 years, and report two more cases of pulmonary blastoma--in a 3 1/2-year-old boy and ...
Hasan S - - 1994
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disease of unknown etiology. There is a formation of calcific bodies within the alveoli. The X-Ray shows extensive infiltration of both lungs. So far less than 100 cases were reported. However, we are unware of a case with pectus excavatum. In this report we ...
Multz A S - - 1994
Pulmonary bacterial pseudomycosis, also referred to as botryomycosis, is a very rare, indolent illness that has been described mostly in patients with immunological problems. The histological appearance is similar to that of actinomycosis; however, various Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria have been implicated in the pathogenesis. We illustrate a rapidly progressive ...
Moya C - - 1994
Eight textile printing factories in Valencia, Spain, with a total workforce of 257 using spraying techniques were investigated as a result of severe interstitial lung disease occurring in three employees, one of whom died. Clinical and radiological data together with biopsy specimens from 71 (27.6%) workers with abnormal respiratory features ...
Grellner W - - 1994
Pulmonary histopathology was studied in a group of 106 fatal strangulations including cases of hanging (n = 55; typical, n = 20; atypical, n = 35), ligature strangulation (n = 12), throttling (n = 15), combinations of throttling and ligature strangulation (n = 7) and other compressing force against neck ...
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