Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 654
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Eschenbacher W L - - 1999
A work-related interstitial lung disease has been diagnosed in workers at five nylon flock facilities in three different states and a Canadian province. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health hosted a workshop at which consulting pulmonary pathologists reviewed lung tissue samples from all the cases for which lung ...
Ledson M J - - 1999
Epithelioid haemangioendothelioma is a rare pulmonary neoplasm with less than 40 cases described world wide. We describe the only case to have presented with hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy who has been treated with azathioprine and has remained alive and well with no deterioration in pulmonary function since being diagnosed 16 years ...
Vikram H R - - 1999
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an uncommon cause of community acquired pneumonia in immunocompetent hosts. We report two cases that did well once appropriate and prolonged antimicrobial therapy was initiated. They had no evidence of immune deficiency. The initial consideration was pulmonary tuberculosis in both cases given the subacute presentation, significant weight ...
Ahmed A A - - 1999
Fatal pulmonary tumor embolism is an unusual phenomenon that has only rarely been reported with osteosarcoma. It usually presents with typical symptoms and signs of pulmonary thromboembolism. The authors report the case of a 65-year-old woman with chondroblastic osteosarcoma of the distal femur who suffered a fatal tumor embolism 30 ...
Kim G - - 1999
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is such an extremely rare disease in Korea, that only a few cases have been reported. Meanwhile five cases were experienced at Seoul National University Hospital over ten years since 1987. We summarized the clinical characteristics and courses of them. Seven cases reported in the literature were ...
Shah M K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The dog heartworm Dirofilaria immitis is known to cause solitary pulmonary nodules in humans. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis (HPD) is more prevalent along the coastal regions of the United States, especially along the Mississippi River Valley. Diagnosis is generally made by surgical resection, since HPD is often preoperatively presumed to ...
Baik J J - - 1999
Pulmonary actinomycosis is a chronic pulmonary infection caused by Actinomyces, a Gram-positive, microaerophilic bacterium. Pulmonary involvement, other than cervicofacially or abdominopelvically, is uncommon and often leads to a misdiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis or lung cancer. In order to investigate the clinical, radiological, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of pulmonary actinomycosis, we ...
Minamihaba O - - 1999
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an acute life-threatening condition, characterized by erosion of the mucous membranes, extensive detachment of the epidermis, and severe constitutional symptoms. Pulmonary complications of TEN are reported as rare, but are one of the most common causes of death. Our report focuses on an unusual case ...
Knoell K A - - 1999
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is rarely associated with dermatomyositis and may be resistant to conventional corticosteroid therapy under this circumstance. We present a case of BOOP associated with dermatomyositis that responded to a combination of cyclophosphamide and corticosteroid therapy after corticosteroid treatments, alone, had failed. We believe this case ...
Sandur S - - 1999
Pulmonary manifestations of pheochromocytoma are infrequent and are not well documented. A MEDLINE search in the English language revealed no cases of endobronchial involvement from a pheochromocytoma. We report a case of endobronchial metastases in a 37-year-old woman known to have a recurrent extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma. She presented with symptoms of ...
Maillard N - - 1999
We report the case of a 54-year-old woman with aplastic anemia, who developed transient pulmonary infiltrates following intravenous infusion of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG) for 3 days. There was no other explanation than the infusion of ATG for the infiltrates. Rechallenge with ATG induced the recurrence of opacities on the ...
Engelthaler D M - - 1999
To investigate climatic, spatial, temporal, and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) cases in the Four Corners region, we collected exposure site data for HPS cases that occurred in 1993 to 1995. Cases clustered seasonally and temporally by biome type and geographic location, and exposure sites were most ...
Ost D D Pulmonary Division, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY 11030, - - 1999
Primary pulmonary melanoma is a very rare disease, with only 19 cases previously reported in the English language literature. These cases suggest that melanoma can arise in the lung as a primary tumor, probably from residual melanoblasts. Primary pulmonary melanoma is frequently endobronchial and often manifests with symptoms of cough, ...
Fink S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with pulmonary embolization (PE) often occurs as an unexpected event with fatal consequences. This provides a setting for malpractice claims. METHODS: We reviewed 160 consecutive malpractice claims submitted by attorneys for medical expert review during the 11-year period ending in 1997. Seven cases involved DVT ...
Aboyans V - - 1998
The diagnosis of impending paradoxical embolus by echocardiography is exceptional and its management remains unclear. Through a personal case, we performed an exhaustive review of the medical literature of this rare finding. Since the first report, only 43 cases have ever been reported. The superiority of transesophageal echocardiography is underlined. ...
Sawada M - - 1998
We report a case of fungus ball due to Pseudallescheria boydii (pseudallescherioma) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Direct microscopical examination revealed a fungus with broad septate hyphae resembling Aspergillus and the fungus was identified as P. boydii on culture. Surgical resection was required to control episodes of hemoptysis. Cases of ...
Jansen T L - - 1998
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a clinical entity characterized by a distinctive cutaneous rash and inflammatory myopathy. Besides skin and muscle, the disease can also involve other internal organs, especially the lungs. We describe a patient with dermatomyositis and incomplete signs of myositis who developed pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax and massive subcutaneous emphysema. This ...
Sharoni E - - 1998
Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy is a rare, complex malformation with a broad spectrum of clinical expression. Surgery is indicated only in severe cases in which failure to intervene will result in progressive pulmonary damage and eventual death. Conventional surgical techniques for expanding the thoracic cage diameter by sternotomy and the insertion ...
Nicholson A G - - 1998
AIMS: Interstitial pneumonitis in children is very rare and most cases have been classified according to their counterparts in adults, although the term 'chronic pneumonitis of infancy' has recently been proposed for a particular pattern of interstitial lung disease in infants. We reviewed our paediatric cases of interstitial pneumonitis, first, ...
Meissner H H - - 1998
This is the first case of an adult who developed recurrent pulmonary edema as a result of unrecognized chronic upper airway obstruction due to polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The case highlights the importance of considering upper airway involvement in the differential diagnosis of sedentary patients with arthritic joint disease and ...
Sukpanichnant S - - 1998
Despite a high prevalence of canine dirofilariasis, there is no case of pulmonary dirofilariasis reported from Thailand. We herein report a case of multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis who had an incidental pulmonary dirofilariasis found at the time of autopsy as a solitary nodule at the periphery of the right lower ...
Meals L T - - 1998
Histoplasmosis is endemic in certain areas of North, Central, and South America, especially within the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys of the United States. We describe a case of histoplasmosis in a farm-dwelling resident of Kentucky who probably had multiple prior opportunities for exposure. However, during the gathering of topsoil ...
Fadil A - - 1998
We encountered a 47-year-old woman with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) manifested as lung involvement and endobronchial disease, without many of the other features common to the disease. In addition to the unusual aspects of this case, we review the clinical features of other reported cases of pulmonary involvement in WM.
Chien H P - - 1998
A 55-year-old man presented with the suspicion of pulmonary tuberculosis. He was treated with isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampicin and pyrazinamide. However, he developed high fever, skin rash and pulmonary infiltrates following 10 days of treatment. The above-mentioned conditions subsided promptly after stopping ethambutol therapy and reappeared after rechallenge, marking ethambutol as ...
Harmanyeri Y - - 1998
A 57-year-old male patient with advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung, who was administered oral anticoagulant therapy because of pulmonary embolism, developed coumarin necrosis confined to the penis and feet. To our knowledge, this patient showing acral involvement is the seventh case of coumarin-induced penile necrosis reported to date.
Montes M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Blastomyces dermatitidis is a dimorphic fungus; its usual port of entry is the lung. Although any organ system can be secondarily involved, non-pulmonary sites of primary infection have been reported. CASE: This is the first reported case of primary isolated splenic B dermatitidis. The diagnostic value of fine needle ...
Seersholm N - - 1998
It is well documented that the severe hereditary disorder alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (alpha 1ATD) PiZZ is a strong risk factor for emphysema, especially among smokers, but the role of intermediate alpha 1ATD PiMZ and PiSZ in the development of emphysema remains uncertain. In this study, we have evaluated mortality and ...
Fraggetta F - - 1998
A case of intra-abdominal pulmonary sequestration associated with histological features of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung is reported. The lesion consisted of a Stocker type II CCAM in which numerous striated muscle cells were present. A review of the literature of this rare combination of congenital pulmonary ...
Makiya K - - 1997
The human infection with Dirofilaria immitis, was reported for the first time in 1964 from a subcutaneous case, and in 1968 from a pulmonary case in Japan. Since that time, a total of human D. immitis cases amounted to 120 cases up to the first half of 1995. Among these, ...
Sabatine M S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol crystal embolization (CCE) has been documented to affect nearly every organ system. However, CCE involving the lung is distinctly uncommon and has been documented only in the setting of an aortocaval fistula. DESIGN: A case at the Massachusetts General Hospital and a MEDLINE search of English-language medical articles ...
Marcovici I - - 1997
We present the clinical course of a pregnant woman in septic shock. While we were managing this case, an elevated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was found, expressing left ventricular dysfunction. Therefore we question the widely accepted and recommended practice of loading the pregnant women in septic shock with 1 to ...
de Almeida Barbosa A - - 1997
We describe three cases of adiaspiromycosis with acute clinical manifestations and diffuse lung lesions. Sixteen previously reported similar cases are also reviewed. The best designation for this syndrome is acute pulmonary adiaspiromycosis.
Saito K - - 1997
We have experienced an autopsy case of a 20-year-old woman with bronchiolitis obliterans, pemphigus vulgaris, and Castleman's disease. The affected bronchioles showed almost the same histology as previously described. But, the number of the lesions seemed too small to cause her death of respiratory insufficiency. We also wondered whether or ...
Emad A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To find out the late pulmonary sequelae of sulfur mustard gas inhalation in 197 veterans, 10 years after their exposure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred ninety-seven veterans with a single, heavy exposure to sulfur mustard gas in 1986 and 86 nonexposed veterans as their ...
Severo L C - - 1997
In this study we have compared clinical data obtained from 40 reported cases of pulmonary Aspergillus niger intracavitary colonization in the literature and those of our series 23 cases. Additionaly six of our cases have been summarized. Our findings revealed a similar occurrence of male sex, active tuberculosis, diabetes mellitus, ...
Tetzlaff K - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary barotrauma (PBT) of ascent is a feared complication in compressed air diving. Although certain respiratory conditions are thought to increase the risk of suffering PBT and thus should preclude diving, in most cases of PBT, risk factors are described as not being present. The purpose of our ...
Alshehri M - - 1997
Pulmonary emphysema is very uncommon in children in the first decade of life. The few cases documented in the literature were all due to alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency. We present the case of a 6-year-old white boy with chronic cough and dyspnea on exertion. Lung biopsy showed panacinar type emphysema with patent ...
Mariotta S - - 1997
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the presence of calcific concretions in the alveolar spaces. A familial occurrence is frequently found so that an inherited trait is thought to be involved. The chest X-ray is characterized by a 'sandstrom' picture while the clinical ...
Sporik R - - 1997
The CHARGE association is a multisystem syndrome, with a wide range of phenotypic expression, causing mortality, especially in childhood. We performed a hospital audit, in order to quantify the pulmonary implications, in 28 boys and 19 girls aged 0.02-23 yrs, with a definite diagnosis of CHARGE. A review of the ...
Chen L H - - 1997
We conducted a retrospective analysis of maternal deaths in our hospital from January 1992 to December 1995. Cases of fatal pulmonary embolism were identified and analysed with respect to their past history, antenatal and peripartum progress, clinical presentation and investigation. There were 7 maternal deaths during this period and autopsies ...
Lockett L - - 1997
Ten cases of benign primary pulmonary meningioma have been reported in the English literature. We describe herein an additional case of a benign meningioma arising in the lung showing comparable histologic features of sheets and whorls of epithelioid and meningothelial cells with numerous psammoma bodies. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor ...
Sippel J M - - 1997
Pulmonary sequestration is an uncommon congenital anomaly usually diagnosed in childhood. It frequently presents as a lower lobe mass with symptoms from vascular shunting, anatomic impingements, or associated anatomic defects. This case report describes an adult with asymptomatic extralobar sequestration involving the mediastinum and left upper lobe. The unusual location ...
Kissel D J - - 1997
This report presents a case of angiogram-confirmed pulmonary emboli (PE) from upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UE DVT) in a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome. UE DVT has been rarely reported in the rehabilitation literature and it is not described in many standard references in the field. Risk factors for UE ...
Catanzaro A - - 1997
An increased incidence of fungal pneumonias has been clearly seen in recent years, despite the lack of epidemiologic data. Pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations of blastomycosis, aspergillosis, and histoplasmosis, among others, are reviewed in this paper. The clinical presentation of pulmonary mycosis is influenced by the amount of exposure to the ...
Hood S - - 1997
We report the case of a 65 year old immunocompetent man with a listerial pleural effusion. Infection of the pulmonary parenchyma and pleura with listeria monocytogenes has been reported in small numbers of immunocompromised patients but there have been only two previous reports of pulmonary listeria in non-compromised hosts.
Nuorva K - - 1997
A case of disseminated bilateral pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is reported in a two year old Finnish girl. She recovered from this rare infection after treatment with amphotericin B. She is the first human case of adiaspiromycosis in Scandinavia and she is the youngest child with this disease reported so far. Electron ...
Bartoloni A - - 1997
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) is an unusual manifestation of filarial infection, most commonly found in South-East Asia and caused by immunologic hyperresponsiveness to Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. This report concerns a case of TPE in a 25-year-old Indian male who had been living in Italy for two years and ...
Navío P - - 1997
In 97 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), we analyzed the incidence of atypical roentgenographic locations, roentgenographic patterns, the correlation between the diagnostic yield and the roentgenographic pattern and the usefulness of simple or induced sputum (82 cases), bronchoaspirate (BAS; 29 cases), postfiberoptic bronchoscopy sputum (PFBS; 16 cases) and how the ...
Yalçin S - - 1997
Multiple chondromatous hamartomas are extremely rare and we have not found any bilateral presentation in the literature. We report the case of a 47-year-old woman presenting with a cough, chest pain and dyspnea. Chest x-ray and computed tomography revealed multiple and bilateral pulmonary nodules. A metastatic carcinoma was considered, but ...
Bassil S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of unilateral hydrothorax occurrence after ovarian stimulation for IVF. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 39-year-old female suffering from primary infertility due to a severe male factor. INTERVENTION(S): Thoracocentesis with IV albumin administration for correction of a concomitant hypoalbuminemia. MAIN OUTCOME ...
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