Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 660
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Lakari E - - 2001
Hemeoxygenase 1 (HO-1) has been implicated in the protection of lung tissue against exogenous oxidant exposure. However, the expression and cellular distribution of HO-1 in human lung continue to be poorly characterized. The localization of HO-1 was studied in histopathologically healthy lung from nonsmoking patients with a carcinoid or other ...
Kreeftenberg H G HG - - 2001
Several vasculitic syndromes are recognized as paraneoplastic syndromes of an underlying malignant disease. Most frequently small vessel vasculitis of the skin has been reported. We describe the case of a 62-year-old man with a pulmonary mass due to pulmonary vasculitis. After resection of the pulmonary mass, the patient displayed bone ...
Trachana M - - 2001
We report the first case of hepatitis due to Aspergillus terreus in a 13-year-old boy with common variable immunodeficiency that occurred while the patient was receiving secondary prophylaxis with fluconazole after an episode of pulmonary candidosis. The infection subsided after the addition of itraconazole to the combination of liposomal amphotericin ...
Sossai P - - 2001
Mesalamine-induced pulmonary adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the course of therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases are rare events, having been reported in only 21 cases. This response, resembling hypersensitivity pneumonitis, is considered to be immunologically mediated and thus dose-independent. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis ...
Brenner C - - 2001
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) filters are used in cases of documented pulmonary embolism (PE) where anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed. Increasingly, they are being used prophylactically in preoperative patients at high risk of embolism. This latter group includes patients with free-floating caval, iliac or femoral vein thrombi. Filters may ...
Cook V J - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary complications of anorexia nervosa are rarely documented. The case of a patient with anorexia nervosa and pulmonary disease is presented, a new quantitative computed tomography (CT) method for the detection of emphysema is employed, the literature is reviewed and the concept of 'nutritional' emphysema is discussed. RESULTS: ...
Rubin D M - - 2001
Pulmonary edema has been an unreported finding in the evaluation of abused children. We describe 2 cases of pulmonary edema in abused infants, 1 after confessed suffocation and the other after inflicted head injury. A review of the literature regarding postobstructive and neurogenic pulmonary edema suggests useful inferences for the ...
Cohen E S - - 2001
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is characterized by the accumulation of proteinaceous material in the alveoli leading to varying degrees of impairment in gas exchange. Generally, the degree of hypoxemia is mild, and it is rare to have respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. We present a 53-year-old woman with the most severe ...
McMinn P - - 2001
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a frequent cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics associated with severe neurological sequelae in a small proportion of cases. There has been a significant increase in EV71 epidemic activity throughout the Asia-Pacific region since 1997. Recent HFMD epidemics in this region have been ...
Fung M - - 2001
IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerular disease worldwide, but is generally renal limited or associated with a rash. Pulmonary hemorrhage has been very uncommonly associated with IgA nephropathy, although it is frequently seen in other glomerulonephritides. We describe a well-proven case of IgA nephropathy associated with pulmonary hemorrhage, in ...
Saad R S - - 2001
Papillary fibroelastomas are rare and benign cardiac tumors that typically affect the cardiac valves. To the best of our knowledge, the English literature contains only 1 case report of pulmonary valve fibroelastoma diagnosed by echocardiogram and confirmed by surgical resection. There is a paucity of pathology literature on this subject. ...
Ozcan C - - 2001
The current report describes a 13-month-old boy with primary pulmonary rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) that originated within a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). To the best of our knowledge, he is the youngest patient of all primary pulmonary RMS cases reported in the English-language literature. The tumor, localized in left upper lobe, ...
Theerthakarai R - - 2001
Pectus excavatum has never been reported to cause hypercapnic respiratory failure. In this report, we describe the first such case in a young woman with severe pectus excavatum who presented with chronic respiratory acidosis, pulmonary hypertension, and chronic cor pulmonale. An extensive diagnostic workup failed to uncover any other cause ...
Queiro-Silva R - - 2001
We describe a 58-year-old woman who developed interstitial lung disease (ILD), polyarthritis, and anti-Jo-1 antibodies, with no clinical evidence of myositis. Despite successful treatment with corticosteroid and azathioprine for her arthritis and pulmonary condition, she developed deforming arthropathy of the hands, with periarticular calcinosis. The association of anti-Jo-1 antibodies, ILD, ...
Hussain Z - - 2001
Yeast forms of Blastomyces dermatitidis typically range from 8 to 20 microm in largest diameter. We report a rare case of primary pulmonary blastomycosis with an unusual morphology, in which we found significant numbers of large yeast forms ranging from 30 to 35 microm in diameter. To our knowledge, this ...
Jones E G - - 2001
PURPOSE: To present the pathophysiology, differential diagnoses, assessment techniques, and treatment options for hepatic hydrothorax. DATA SOURCES: A case study is presented with supporting material from current medical literature. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic hydrothorax is a pleural effusion caused by the flow of ascitic fluid into the pleural space through an actual ...
Schülin T - - 2001
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, where it can be found in soil and surface water. We report a case of chronic pulmonary melioidosis in a patient with cystic fibrosis who had traveled to an area where B. pseudomallei is endemic.
Fujimura J - - 2001
We report a neonate-boy with pulmonary infiltrates and peripheral blood eosinophilia. He was noted to have abnormal pulmonary infiltrates on a chest X-ray film taken on day 8 after birth when he had vomiting. He had not such symptoms as cough or dyspnea. In routine laboratory studies, eosinophilia was noted. ...
Spencer D - - 2001
There are many rare conditions to be found in textbooks of respiratory paediatrics which are often difficult to place in to any standard form of classification. The expertise of any single paediatrician or centre in the management of such problems is inevitably limited, and so treatment is never "evidence based" ...
Solli P - - 2001
Hydatid disease is a worldwide encountered zoonosis but at present very rare in Europe, liver and lungs being the most frequently involved sites. Bone involvement is very uncommon and the vertebral spine is the most common site of skeletal involvement (less than 1% overall). We report a case of vertebral ...
Chen F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-producing large or giant cell carcinoma of the lung is not uncommon, but primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare entity. Even rarer are cases occurring in males; to date the authors have found only 12 reported cases in the English literature. METHODS: The clinical record ...
Kyrtsonis M C - - 2001
Pulmonary involvement in Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia (WM) occurs in 3-5% of cases, but lung involvement without bone marrow infiltration is extremely rare. We report 2 patients who presented with bilateral consolidations on chest X-ray and non-specific symptoms and were treated for a long period of time for pulmonary infections until the ...
Takayanagi N - - 2001
We encountered an adult patient with dyspnea, eosinophilia and bronchiolitis. He was diagnosed as having diffuse panbronchiolitis, and was treated with erythromycin for 3 years, but his symptoms had gradually worsened. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed marked eosinophilia, and video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy revealed chronic bronchiolitis with associated eosinophilic lung disease (eosinophilic ...
Besbas N - - 2001
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in children. It is a multisystemic disease but pulmonary haemorrhage is extremely rare. We present the case of a 6-year-old boy with Henoch-Schönlein purpura, pulmonary haemorrhage and severe renal involvement. The patient responded to a combination of intravenous methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. A ...
Barvaux V A - - 2001
We describe a 42-year-old man with dermatomyositis and interstitial lung disease who presented with anterior neck pain and dyspnoea. Chest radiographs showed subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum and diffuse reticulonodular infiltration in both lungs. After the administration of high doses of prednisolone, an improvement of pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms was observed ...
Minai O A - - 2000
Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) is a rare, inherited, autosomal recessive, lipid storage disease. The pathognomonic intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin results in the production and accumulation of 'foam cells'. Interstitial lung disease is a rare manifestation of NPD. We present the case of a 48-year-old white female with NPD involving the lungs, ...
Ramakrishna S - - 2000
Adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy, with signs of upper airway obstruction is a common presentation in ENT clinics. Recently it is identified as a major cause of sleep apnea syndrome. Several isolated case reports of pulmonary hypertension and corpulmonale appeared in the literature. The authors report two such children aged less than 2 ...
Skidmore J P - - 2000
Human pulmonary infection due to the dog heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has been reported in the medical literature for many decades. Extrapulmonary infection due to this pathogen is less widely reported, including only nine cases in North America. We report a case of extrapulmonary dirofilariasis manifested as asymptomatic nodular lesions in ...
Litman D A - - 2000
Isolated endobronchial lesions caused by Mycobacterium avium are rare, especially in the pediatric population. We share the case of a 10-month-old boy who, after 1 week of cough and low-grade fever, had a radiographic examination showing endobronchial obstruction. At bronchoscopy, a granuloma of the left bronchus intermedius was found. Histopathologic ...
Chiu C C - - 2000
We report two unique cases of persistent fifth aortic arch with a systemic-to-pulmonary connection. All previously reported cases with such a connection in the literature have either been cases of pulmonary atresia or an aortic arch anomaly, and the existence of a fifth aortic arch was a benefit to the ...
Kawooya M G - - 2000
A 64-year old man presented to the Department of Radiology for evaluation. He had a seven year history of chronic cough. The chest x-ray (CXR) done showed high density diffuse cotton wool parenchymal opacities in both lungs sparing the pleura and broncho vascular bundles. These were also demonstrated on CT. ...
Jacquemont S - - 2000
We report on four cases, three familial and one sporadic, with congenital pulmonary lymphangectasia and facial and lower limb lymphedema. Hydrops fetalis was observed in three cases and death occurred in one of those. This is the third report describing inherited pulmonary lymphangectasia with a clinical phenotype very similar to ...
Heller B J - - 2000
Reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is an unusual complication of thoracentesis. Significant morbidity can result, and death is reported in 20% of cases. It is typically manifested as edema within a lung that has recently been reexpanded. Few reports document contralateral edema formation. We present a case of recurrent left-sided pulmonary ...
Mirarchi F L - - 2000
We present the case of a 74-year-old male with chest pain, dyspnea, and syncope secondary to an acute pulmonary embolism complicated by a patent foramen ovale with straddling thrombus and paradoxical embolization. We review the literature with specific focus on the pathogenesis and acute treatment of this life-threatening occurrence.
Gutierrez C - - 2000
Misalignment of pulmonary vessels with alveolar capillary dysplasia is a rare cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Most of the reported cases have been sporadic. We present two consecutive affected siblings with this disorder. This is the fifth reported family occurrence of this condition. In addition to the ...
Kothari K - - 2000
Two cases of varied forms of Aspergillosis are reported who were being diagnosed and treated on different lines. One case, who was treated on lines of allergic bronchitis, had very high total eosinophil count and, fleeting pulmonary infiltrates over a period of 5 years along with history of cough, fever ...
Mpe M. T. - - 2000
A 32-year-old woman presented with severe pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale in congestive cardiac failure. The diagnosis was established by means of positive anti-schistosomal immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and ultrasonographic evidence of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis with portal hypertension. Extensive investigations revealed no other cause for the pulmonary hypertension, providing proof for ...
Johnson M K - - 2000
The case histories are presented of four men with multiple large upper zone lung bullae but otherwise relatively preserved lung parenchyma. Each had a history of significant exposure to marijuana. In three of the four cases the tobacco smoking load had been relatively small, suggesting a possible causal role for ...
McConkey P P - - 2000
Six cases of post-extubation pulmonary oedema in otherwise healthy patients are reported. All were preceded by an episode of laryngospasm and followed a clinical course similar to that previously documented in cases of post-obstructive pulmonary oedema. Frank haemoptysis was a feature of five of the presentations. One patient was reintubated ...
Grissom C K - - 2000
A case of high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) in a climber who made a rapid ascent on Mt McKinley (Denali), Alaska is described. The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid contained increased numbers of red blood cells and an abundance of haemosiderin laden macrophages consistent with alveolar haemorrhage. The timing of this ...
Coronel B - - 2000
Itraconazole distribution is largely dependent on its high liposolubility. Intrapulmonary lung concentrations remain unknown in haematological patients. We report itraconazole lung concentrations in such patients treated with itraconazole. Itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in concomitant blood samples and lung post-mortem biopsies (three cases) or lung lobectomy ...
Idir M - - 2000
We report here a tricky case of right atrial myxoma with a pulmonary localization mimicking pulmonary thromboembolism. The diagnosis on imaging investigation was delayed because of its atypical appearance. This case report emphasizes the leading role of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in the management of this condition. In autopsy series, ...
Zhu B L - - 2000
We evaluated the usefulness of pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) as a practical diagnostic marker of fatal mechanical asphyxia in forensic autopsy cases. A total of 27 cases of asphyxia were examined histologically and immunohistochemically and compared with a control group consisting of 16 cases of poisoning (n = 9) ...
Song Y H - - 2000
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a clinicopathologic entity of unknown cause characterised by a necrotising granulomatous vasculitis affecting multiple organs, especially the upper and lower respiratory tracts, lung and kidney. The lung is the most frequently, and sometimes the only involved organ. Single or multiple nodules, with or without cavitation, are ...
Murray A D - - 2000
Bismuth subgallate, an agent that initiates clotting via activation of factor XII, has been advocated for use in controlling bleeding during tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Direct aspiration of bismuth has produced pulmonary complications in laboratory animals, but no clinical correlation in humans has been previously described. We report 2 cases of ...
Panzini L - - 1999
Pulmonary hamartoma is a rare lung neoformation, usually symptomless and by chance discovered, of a probable dysontogenetic origin with prevailing cartilaginous tissue and adult, onset age. The Authors report a rare case of a 25-year-old student, symptomless and fortuitously found by means of a radiograph of the chest. Many interesting ...
Chantarojanasiri T - - 1999
Twenty-four children (aged 6-15 years, M:F = 1:11) with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), who had respiratory symptoms, were retrospectively reviewed. Chest radiographs obtained from all patients revealed pleural effusion in 13, alveolar infiltration in 9, pericardial effusion and cardiomegaly in 6, interstitial infiltration in 4, hilar adenopathy in 3, lung ...
Holmes P S - - 1999
Hexachloroethane (HC) smoke, also known as white smoke, is an obscurant used in numerous military situations. Many adverse health effects are associated with the use of white smoke, some of which are potentially life threatening. Inhalation is the most frequent route of injury. Two deaths among U.S. Army personnel resulted ...
Berkenstadt M - - 1999
We present the prenatal diagnosis of a 22-week-gestation fetus with unilateral pulmonary agenesis, diaphragmatic hernia, microphthalmia, pulmonary vessel agenesis, and intrauterine growth retardation. The "association" of pulmonary agenesis, diaphragmatic defect, and microphthalmia was described previously in two patients but the resemblance was not noted by the authors. While each case ...
Murayama S - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to demonstrate the variety of causes of crazy-paving appearance (CPA) on high resolution CT (HRCT). METHOD: To identify cases exhibiting CPA (ground-glass opacity with superimposed interlobular septal thickening and intralobular interstitial thickening) on HRCT, we prospectively searched for them over a period of ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >