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Results 251 - 300 of 655
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Musharrafieh U M - - 2004
A case of progressive shock and multisystem organ failure is reported for an 18 year old Lebanese woman, clinically diagnosed as toxic shock syndrome (TSS). The patient developed cough and dyspnea during hospitalization; chest CT angiography revealed thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery. CBC analysis showed leukocytosis with a white cell ...
Copetti Marina V - - 2004
Commercial raising of rheas is currently in expansion in the south of Brazil, and many diseases previously restricted to other avian species are currently emerging on rhea farms, especially as a result of careless management of these animals. The objective of the present article is to report a pulmonary aspergillosis ...
Camus Philippe - - 2004
The amount of literature on amiodarone pulmonary toxicity (APT) peaked in 1983-1984 with several hundred cases reported cumulatively, and declined thereafter. Since the mid-1990s, publications have increased, which suggests that APT remains a current problem in clinical practice. Amiodarone remains difficult to diagnose noninvasively, and although the outcome is good ...
Tsai Tzung-Chieh - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is rarely seen in Taiwan. According to the literature the incidence is one in two million with a male to female ratio of 3 to 1. The pathohistology of PAP is associated with the filling of the alveoli by a proteinaceous material. PAP can be divided ...
Holt Peter D - - 2004
Scimitar vein draining to the left atrium is the rarest of the pulmonary venolobar anomalies with less than a dozen reported cases. A case is reported of a patient whose plain film radiographic findings showed a typical scimitar vein but whose echocardiography showed normal pulmonary venous drainage. Cardiac catheterization confirmed ...
Sodqi Mustapha - - 2004
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an agent of intestinal microsporidiosis leading to chronic diarrhoea in AIDS patients. Pulmonary involvement may occur but remains rare with only 4 cases reported in the literature. We report here the fifth case of pulmonary localization of E. bieneusi in a severe immunocompromized HIV-infected patient with intestinal ...
Conroy S - - 2004
Serum troponin estimation is widely used in the diagnosis and management of coronary syndromes, but it is possible to be misled by a positive result unless it is put carefully into clinical context. The serum troponin can be positive in pulmonary embolus and carries prognostic significance. A case report is ...
Marchetti Nathaniel - - 2004
Hot tub lung is described as an acute pulmonary illness that is characterized by fever, dyspnea and interstitial nodular infiltrates. Although not entirely clear, the etiology may be a hypersensitivity pneumonitis, an infection secondary to Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAC), or possibly both. Herein we describe the most well-characterized physiologic, radiographic, ...
Kamiyama Masafumi - - 2004
Scimitar syndrome, which involves total or partial anomalous venous drainage of the right lung to the inferior vena cava, is relatively rare and often results in pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and right lung infection. We report here the case of a 1-year-old girl who suffered repeated attacks of bronchospasm after ...
Saeki Takako - - 2004
Two cases of hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) associated with pulmonary silicosis in tunnel workers are described. In both cases the myeloperoxidase antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (MPO-ANCA) was positive. Two patients with pulmonary silicosis developed headache and neurological disturbance, and a diagnosis of HP was made. In both cases the serum CRP level ...
Lam Bing - - 2003
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare parenchymal lung disease, which affects young women of childbearing age and is characterized pathologically by proliferation of interstitial smooth muscle and formation of cysts in the lung. While LAM is usually predominantly a respiratory disorder, it can also initially involve other extrapulmonary organs. We report ...
Sweeney Daniel A - - 2003
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is an uncommonly recognized disease of childhood. Among immunocompetent and non-HIV-infected individuals, pulmonary cryptococcosis may be asymptomatic or present with chronic, nondescript symptomatology. In this report we describe a 10-year-old with malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone and a pulmonary nodule secondary to Cryptococcus neoformans. We use this case ...
Cannick Leander L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a unique case of scleroderma (SSc) presenting as multiple keloidal nodules and early-onset osteoarthritis (OA), and to summarize the clinical and serological data for 13 similar patients reported in the English literature since 1966. METHODS: MEDLINE review of the literature over a 35-year period (1966-2002) revealed 13 ...
Fukai Ichiro - - 2003
We report the case of a 59-year-old man who presented with major dyspnea due to saber-sheath malacic trachea associated with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The placement of a temporary tracheal stent alleviated his dyspnea very well; hence the stent was replaced with a Gianturco wire stent (Cook Cardiology, Bloomington, IN). ...
Salama Carlos - - 2003
We report 4 cases of isolated pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection and review the 20 previously reported cases in the human immunodeficiency virus literature. All 4 patients had acquired immune deficiency syndrome, and 3 were believed to have had an immune reconstitution syndrome as a cause of MAC infection. ...
Butnor Kelly J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: A large number of workers in the USA are exposed to chrysotile asbestos through brake repair, yet only a few cases of malignant mesothelioma (MM) have been described in this population. Epidemiologic and industrial hygiene studies have failed to demonstrate an increased risk of MM in brake workers. We ...
Lu Hseuh-Chieh - - 2003
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare idiopathic disease characterized by hamartomatous smooth muscle proliferation of the lymph node, lymphatics, blood vessels as well as airways within the lungs, mediastinum and abdomen. It exclusively affects women during the reproductive period. Though extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported, the initial presentation of LAM as ...
Maragliano Salvatore - - 2003
The authors report a case of bilateral pneumothorax observed in a 25-year-old woman affected by tuberous sclerosis with pulmonary involvement. The singular epidemiological, histopathological, physiopathological, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of the rare pulmonary localisation of this heredofamilial disease are discussed. Finally, they suggest performing a pleurodesis with a videothoracoscopic method. ...
Trobaugh-Lotrario Angela D - - 2003
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare, almost universally fatal complication of chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation with few treatment options. A 19-month-old boy with stage 4 neuroblastoma with fatal PVOD following high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood stem cell rescue is described here. A comprehensive literature review revealed 40 ...
Porras D - - 2003
We report the first known case of supero-inferior ventricles with a superior morphologically left ventricle and an inferior morphologically right ventricle. This 2 1/2-year-old boy also had dextrocardia, double-outlet right ventricle [S,L,L], right-sided mitral atresia, left-sided tricuspid regurgitation, a large conoventricular type of ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary outflow tract ...
Kim Na Rae - - 2003
Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is an uncommon disease that to this point has been known to occur exclusively in reproductive women. To our knowledge, only one case of pulmonary LAM that was proven pathologically has been reported in a genotypical and phenotypical man. Multiple occurrence of hepatic angiomyolipomas is also rare, ...
Piersimoni Claudio - - 2003
Mycobacterium celatum has been shown to cause disease in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of serious pulmonary infection caused by M. celatum in an apparently immunocompetent patient and review the characteristics of two other reported cases. Clinical and radiologic symptoms and signs included cough, malaise, and weight loss associated ...
Yammine Joseph N - - 2003
Splenosis is defined as the autotransplantation of splenic tissue to abnormal locations after splenic injury. Although abdominal splenosis is the most common form and is usually discovered at laparotomy, thoracic splenosis is less common and occurs as an asymptomatic peripheral pulmonary nodule, incidentally discovered on a routine chest radiograph. Given ...
Sherman Scott C - - 2003
This case report illustrates the presentation and course of reexpansion pulmonary edema (REPE) in a young man with spontaneous pneumothorax. REPE is considered relatively uncommon by most accounts, but in certain clinical circumstances the incidence is much higher. Although supportive therapy is the rule, the condition is far from benign ...
Kuhn D M - - 2003
Damp buildings often have a moldy smell or obvious mold growth; some molds are human pathogens. This has caused concern regarding health effects of moldy indoor environments and has resulted in many studies of moisture- and mold-damaged buildings. Recently, there have been reports of severe illness as a result of ...
Kim Jae Hak - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor is an uncommon benign lesion of the lung. In Korea, most literature of the pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor was case reports. METHODS: We collected 28 cases of pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor in Korea. This collective series included 4 cases from our hospital and 24 cases were reviewed from ...
Saggese A - - 2002
Gastric duplications with associated pulmonary sequestration are very infrequent abnormalities. Although often asymptomatic, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of intra-abdominal or retro-peritoneal masses. The authors report the case of a ten-year-old boy who had an occasional finding of poorly symptomatic intra-abdominal mass, recognised at intervention as a ...
Shiota Yutaro - - 2002
A case of a 29-year-old woman with intralobar pulmonary sequestration infected with Mycobacterium intracellulare is presented. A chest CT scan revealed a density in the posterior segment of the left lower lobe, and an acid-fast bacillus sputum culture yielded Mycobacterium intracellulare. After 3 months of treatment with clarithromycin, streptomycin, rifampicin ...
Tan H C - - 2002
The increased bleeding risk associated with the use of abciximab has been well reported. The risk appears to be amplified when abciximab is administered concurrently with a fibrinolytic agent. We report and review the literature on the occurrence of a case of fatal pulmonary haemorrhage, a rare bleeding complication, in ...
Al Rubaish Abdullah Mohammed - - 2002
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as the movement of gastric contents into the esophagus. This material, which may contain acid, pepsin, bile acids and pancreatic enzymes, has the ability to irritate or injure tissues not adapted to the presence of this potentially noxious material. As reflux may proceed more proximal ...
Castellana G - - 2002
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) (MIM 265100) is a rare, autosomal recessive pneumopathy characterized by intra-alveolar formation and accumulation of tiny, roundish corpuscles called "microliths". The name "alveolar microlithiasis" was first used by Puhr in 1933; since then, several reports have appeared, and over 300 individuals with this condition have been ...
Le Pimpec-Arthes Françoise - - 2002
Spontaneous chylothorax is uncommon and may originate from different etiologies either pleural, pulmonary, or mediastinal. Chyloptysis is a still rarer clinical problem and always of pulmonary origin. We report 2 cases: the first, a 63-year-old woman presenting with a chylothorax, and the second, a 28-year-old man with chyloptysis. Both were ...
Ong E L - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: This case report highlights haemoptysis occurring after post-extubation laryngospasm. CLINICAL PICTURE: General anaesthesia using Sanders jet ventilation with a Benjamin tube was administered for a patient undergoing vocal cord biopsy. He developed laryngospasm followed by significant pulmonary haemorrhage and widespread crepitations in the lung. TREATMENT: Laryngospasm was aborted with ...
Huang Hsuan-Ying - - 2002
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma has been well documented in the somatic soft tissue and bone. It is a rare subtype of chondrosarcoma characterized by the presence of islands of chondroid or by less osteoid tissue enmeshed within dense sheets of primitive small blue mesenchymal cells with hemangiopericytoma-like vessels, or by both. The ...
Wang Hanlin L - - 2002
Carcinomatous arteriopathy is a rare and distinct form of pulmonary spread of solid malignant tumors characterized by fibrointimal proliferation of small pulmonary arteries and arterioles initiated by tumor emboli. Although it has been reported in many types of adenocarcinomas, no case of carcinomatous arteriopathy induced by cholangiocarcinoma has been described ...
Kilani Tarek - - 2002
The lung may be infested by a great number of parasites. Hydatidosis is the most frequent parasitic lung disease. Diagnosis of lung hydatidosis is usually easy on chest radiography, ultrasonography, and CT scan, and immunodiagnosis may help in dubious cases. Surgery is necessary in most cases, but it must be ...
Parry S D - - 2002
Sulphasalazine prescribing is on the increase. Pulmonary toxicity and blood dyscrasias are rare side-effects. Numerous case reports have been published implicating sulphasalazine in pulmonary toxicity. The authors searched the literature for cases of sulphasalazine induced lung toxicity and the 50 cases identified are discussed here. All published case reports/letters referring ...
Tong A K - - 2002
We report the rare case of an 11-year-old boy who presented with intractable hypoxaemia and a pulmonary mass. Investigations revealed this to be a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. It was entirely confined to the right middle lobe and was successfully treated via a right middle lobectomy. The relevant literature with respect ...
Severo Luiz Carlos - - 2002
Eleven cases of zygomycosis (mucormycosis) observed throughout an eighteen year period (1982-2000) have been reviewed. The most important demographic and clinical data of seven patients were tabulated. The remaining four are related as illustrative cases. Seven patients presented with the pulmonary form of the disease; two patients presented with the ...
Hayashi Shinichiro - - 2002
We report a case of noninvasive pulmonary disease due to Chrysosporium zonatum in an immunocompetent male. The fungus colonized an existing tuberculous cavity and was isolated from transbronchial lavage fluid and from a percutaneous aspiration specimen. The disease was accompanied by the unusual feature of an allergic reaction. The fungus ...
Saha Sibu P - - 2002
Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a rare malignancy, comprising less than 0.3% of all malignant neoplasms of the lung. Since the first report of this tumor by Kika in 1908, approximately 100 cases have been described in the literature. In this report, we present five cases treated by our group over a ...
Al Rubaish Abdullah
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is defined as the movement of gastric contents into the esophagus. This material, which may contain acid, pepsin, bile acids and pancreatic enzymes, has the ability to irritate or injure tissues not adapted to the presence of this potentially noxious material. As reflux may proceed more proximal ...
Kathir K - - 2001
This is the sixteenth reported case of pulmonary botryomycosis, an uncommon suppurative bacterial infection of the lung. We describe the case of a 69-year-old man who presented with a chronic cough and intermittent haemoptysis and on subsequent chest computed tomographic scan imaging was found to have a right lower lobe ...
Lam C L - - 2001
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is a very rare form of pneumonia, which is seldom seen among immunocompetent patients. We report the case of a 36-year-old man who presented with indolent pneumonia that was subsequently diagnosed to be pulmonary cryptococcosis without other systemic involvement. Contrary to formal belief, there was evidence of residual ...
Ramcharan J - - 2001
The case of an eight year old girl with Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT) is described. She presented at seven years of age with gait problems and was found to have the neurological, dermatological and immunological features characteristic of AT along with a history of frequent sino-pulmonary infections. This report highlights the ...
Lakari E - - 2001
Hemeoxygenase 1 (HO-1) has been implicated in the protection of lung tissue against exogenous oxidant exposure. However, the expression and cellular distribution of HO-1 in human lung continue to be poorly characterized. The localization of HO-1 was studied in histopathologically healthy lung from nonsmoking patients with a carcinoid or other ...
Kreeftenberg H G HG - - 2001
Several vasculitic syndromes are recognized as paraneoplastic syndromes of an underlying malignant disease. Most frequently small vessel vasculitis of the skin has been reported. We describe the case of a 62-year-old man with a pulmonary mass due to pulmonary vasculitis. After resection of the pulmonary mass, the patient displayed bone ...
Trachana M - - 2001
We report the first case of hepatitis due to Aspergillus terreus in a 13-year-old boy with common variable immunodeficiency that occurred while the patient was receiving secondary prophylaxis with fluconazole after an episode of pulmonary candidosis. The infection subsided after the addition of itraconazole to the combination of liposomal amphotericin ...
Sossai P - - 2001
Mesalamine-induced pulmonary adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the course of therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases are rare events, having been reported in only 21 cases. This response, resembling hypersensitivity pneumonitis, is considered to be immunologically mediated and thus dose-independent. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis ...
Brenner C - - 2001
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) filters are used in cases of documented pulmonary embolism (PE) where anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed. Increasingly, they are being used prophylactically in preoperative patients at high risk of embolism. This latter group includes patients with free-floating caval, iliac or femoral vein thrombi. Filters may ...
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