Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 655
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Leung Ying Ying - - 2006
We report a case of pulmonary hypertension presenting with sudden cardiac arrest, hyperthyroidism and fenfluramine usage. This fatal case of pulmonary hypertension and valvular heart disease is associated with the use of an anorectic drug that had been withdrawn from the market more than eight years ago. Clinicians should alert ...
David Gary - - 2006
We report the case of a homosexual, HIV-positive man with typical secondary syphilis and multiple excavated pulmonary subpleural nodules. Syphilis with direct pulmonary involvement was suggested by a positive result of PCR of a bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimen, then confirmed by a positive therapeutic test result. Only 9 reports of ...
Callens Steven F J - - 2006
Sporothrix schenckii is a ubiquitous fungus, causing mostly non life-threatening localized infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissues that can be treated with oral antifungal agents. Meningeal, pulmonary and osteoarticular dissemination occur mainly in immunosuppressed patients. Pulmonary sporotrichosis is rare and responds poorly to treatment. Cases of disseminated sporotrichosis have ...
Singh Soraisham Amuchou - - 2005
Congenital alveolar capillary dysplasia is a rare and fatal cause of pulmonary hypertension in neonates. We report on a term baby with severe pulmonary hypertension unresponsive to high-frequency ventilation and nitric oxide. A diagnosis of alveolar capillary dysplasia was established on autopsy. We review the literature regarding pathophysiology, clinical presentations, ...
Malhotra P - - 2005
The role of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is controversial, in contrast to its well established benefits in other types of respiratory failure, especially acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. We report a case of ARDS caused by Mycoplasma ...
Nayar P M - - 2005
A case of congenital lobar emphysema associated with pulmonary sequestration, presenting with respiratory distress in infancy, is reported. The lobar hyperinflation was managed by emergency lobectomy. The ipsilateral lower lobe affected with vascular sequestration was salvaged by therapeutic embolization, thus avoiding the long-term sequelae of pneumonectomy. The case is reported ...
Habiba Ayman - - 2005
This report presents the case of a 4-month-old male infant with recurrent bouts of haemoptysis for which no cause could be detected after extensive investigation. Literature reports of this condition from other geographic locations around the world are reviewed, together with epidemiologic studies attempting to provide a link with certain ...
Ligero Carmen - - 2006
We report the case of a 41-year-old woman admitted to the hospital due to cardiac tamponade as the first manifestation of a pulmonary neoplasm. The patient developed an early biventricular dysfunction and pulmonary edema after removal of the pericardial effusion, with complete recovery within ten days. Since transient ventricular dysfunction ...
Beyer Jan - - 2005
Over the last 15 years, diagnostic strategies to diagnose deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) have changed significantly. The gold standard for detecting DVT is still venography, but invasivity, radiation, contrast media, and the painful injection in pedal veins are limiting factors for initial and repeat examinations. The ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is a zoonosis that occurs occasionally in humans. The infection is reported in many countries but is most common in eastern Asia. In Thailand, a southeast Asian country, the infection is sporadic. DESIGN: In this study the clinical presentations of human sparganosis cases in Thailand were investigated by ...
Gökhan Güzide Ay┼če - - 2005
Unilateral pulmonary agenesis is a very rare developmental malformation that is often associated with other anomalies. It can be asymptomatic or present with respiratory symptoms. Our case is a female newborn infant who had been taken to the hospital suffering from difficulty in breathing at the first day of birth. ...
Parakh Ujjwal K - - 2005
Chronic necrotising pulmonary aspergillosis (CNPA) is a rare complication of silicosis whose diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion as it mimics tuberculosis. We report a case of a 52-year-old male with a long history of silica dust exposure and progressively increasing dyspnoea for the past eight years, productive cough, ...
Krauze Agnieszka - - 2005
Absidia sp. is a rare etiologic agent responsible for infectious complications in immunosuppressed patients. The authors describe a 4-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia complicated with pleuropneumonia caused by an Absidia infection during the induction of remission. A review of the published reports in current literature is included for comparison. ...
Saracino Annalisa - - 2005
We present a case of an Italian man with a particularly prolonged history of hydatid disease (more than 20 years, with six recurrences) involving both osseus (costal and vertebral) and visceral (pulmonary) sites. The main clinical problems involved in the diagnosis and management of vertebral manifestations of hydatidosis are discussed ...
Haider Ehsan A - - 2005
We report an 11-year-old boy who required inferior vena cava (IVC) filtration for a prolonged period of time. A retrievable IVC filter was placed and repositioned three times, providing a total of 60 days of IVC filtration. The filter was removed when his risk of pulmonary embolus had decreased substantially. ...
Oki Masahide - - 2005
Recently, ultrathin bronchoscopes with a thinner external diameter, greater visual range, improved visibility, and a larger working channel have been developed. The utility of a 2.8-mm diameter ultrathin bronchoscope in diagnosing peripheral pulmonary nodules has been reported by some authors. While the feasibility of approaching peripheral pulmonary lesions is attractive, ...
Visvanathan T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Laryngospasm is usually easily detected and managed, but may present atypically and/or be precipitated by factors which are not immediately recognised. If poorly managed, it has the potential to cause morbidity and mortality such as severe hypoxaemia, pulmonary aspiration, and post-obstructive pulmonary oedema. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of ...
Walker R I - - 2005
Pulmonary blastoma is a relatively rare aggressive adult malignancy. The clinical and radiographic features of two cases are described and the literature reviewed. Pulmonary blastoma usually presents radiologically as a well-defined mass lesion on chest radiography, which may be large enough to completely opacify the hemithorax and cause mediastinal shift. ...
Beasley Richard - - 2005
The association between prolonged seated immobility and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is well recognised in relation to travel. In this case series, we report the occurrence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) following prolonged sitting in relation to work and/or recreation. The cases were characterised by the considerable ...
Laursen S B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) following the use of physical restraint in a patient with a diagnosis of acute delusional psychotic disorder. METHOD: A new case report of DVT and PE associated with prolonged physical restraint is presented. The literature on ...
Lara Jonathan F - - 2005
CONTEXT: Dendriform pulmonary ossification (DPO) is an uncommon form of diffuse pulmonary ossification that typically affects the pulmonary interstitium in a setting of interstitial fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and characteristics of DPO and correlate the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features in order to better understand its pathogenesis and ...
Takeshita Tohru - - 2005
We report here a case of pheochromocytoma presenting with noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, which is an unusual first manifestation of pheochromocytoma. Chest radiograph showed diffuse consolitaion and ground-glass opacity on both lungs. Neither pleural effusion nor cardiomegaly was present. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) showed widespread ground-glass opacity with fine intralobular reticular ...
Si Michael W - - 2005
In transbronchial biopsies, Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is difficult to correctly diagnose by H&E staining due to the inherent vascular nature of the lung tissue, coupled with the subtle nature of the changes in early KS. Since KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has been found in all clinical forms of KS, the detection ...
Marras Theodore K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis has been described with exposure to aerosolized Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) in indoor hot tubs (hot tub lung). OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of MAC-associated hypersensitivity pneumonitis-like reaction possibly from showering and review previous hot tub lung reports. METHODS: For the case report, we investigated a patient ...
Cobelli Rocco - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the percentage of cases in which emboli can be detected in unenhanced scans and to identify the cases in which they appear hyperattenuating or hypoattenuating in comparison to the circulating blood. METHOD: An angio-computed tomography (CT) scan was performed before and after contrast injection in 140 consecutive ...
Fujiwara Taiki - - 2005
We report a case of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) with a giant bulla. A 33-year-old woman was referred to our department for treatment of dyspnea. Chest computed tomography showed a giant bulla with many smaller bullae. To obtain a definitive diagnosis and relieve the dyspnea, we performed a lung biopsy and bullectomy, ...
Singh Meenu - - 2005
Brucellosis is a rare disease in children. Lung involvement is an uncommon presentation of brucellosis. The authors are presenting a child with brucellosis, who presented with predominant pulmonary involvement. It was an eight-year-old child who was referred to us a case of non-resolving pneumonia. Brucella agglutination test was suggestive of ...
Jansen Andreas - - 2005
We report a case of pulmonary melioidosis associated bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP). While antibiotic treatment alone did not show any major effect, addition of corticosteroids resulted in rapid clinical improvement. To our knowledge this is the first documented case of melioidosis associated with organising pneumonia. The possible therapeutic ...
Smerz Richard W - - 2005
This report presents a case of concomitant cerebral and coronary gas emboli seen in a sport scuba diver after suffering from pulmonary barotrauma. Except for massive fatal gas embolism, no case of concomitant cerebral and coronary arterial gas emboli has been reported. The 45 year old male diver rapidly surfaced ...
Hara Atsuko - - 2005
Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM), characterized by widespread fibrocellular intimal proliferation of the small pulmonary arteries and arterioles in patients with metastatic carcinomas, has been reported in only few cases. In childhood, gastrointestinal tumors represent less than 5% of pediatric neoplasms, and carcinomas within this subgroup have been very rarely ...
Govaere Elke - - 2005
Bronchitis obliterans is a severe and extremely rare complication of respiratory tract infections in children and is characterized by massive atelectasis and collapse of the affected lung. Of the rare cases reported in the literature all surviving children underwent surgical resection of the collapsed lung. We report an infant with ...
Arzola-Castañer Daniel - - 2004
Myocardial infarction (MI) associated to cocaine use was originally reported in 1982 and cases are being encountered more frequently in our milieu. The literature regarding this diagnosis has included mostly cases of cocaine associated chest pain and MI without serious sequelae. A lesser number of reports however focus on the ...
Singal A K - - 2004
Extralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare pulmonary parenchymal anomaly which rarely may be present in an intra-abdominal location. The authors report a case of intra-abdominal extralobar pulmonary sequestration which presented to us as an antenatally diagnosed suprarenal mass and was worked up as such. The diagnosis was revealed only at ...
- - 2004
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a rare cardiopulmonary disease caused by viruses of the genus Hantavirus, for which rodents are the natural reservoir. Transmission to humans occurs by direct contact with rodents or their excreta or by inhalation of aerosolized infectious material (e.g., dust created by disturbing rodent nests). In ...
Midturi John - - 2004
Hepatitis C is one of the leading causes of liver disease in the United States, and current recommendations for its treatment include the use of interferon (IFN). Pulmonary side effects, although uncommon, have been reported in association with the use of IFN. We report a case of interstitial granulomatous pneumonitis ...
Abrams Matthew E - - 2004
Unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare cause of respiratory distress in the neonate. It is usually secondary to other causes such as diaphragmatic hernia. We present a case of a newborn with primary hypoplasia of the right upper lobe who was later found to also have tracheobronchomalacia. We describe the ...
St Jeor Stephen C - - 2004
Occasionally a case report can provide enormous insight into the pathogenesis of an infectious disease. In this instance, 2 Iowa boys were bitten by the same mouse on May 1, 1999. Three weeks later, both boys developed sin nombre hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Thus, the incubation period of hantavirus infection has ...
Piersimoni Claudio - - 2004
Mycobacterium triplex, a recently described, potentially pathogenic species, caused disease primarily in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of pulmonary infection due to this mycobacterium in an immunocompetent patient and review the characteristics of two other cases. In our experience, Mycobacterium triplex pulmonary infection is unresponsive to antimycobacterial chemotherapy.
Edelstein Evgeny - - 2004
Twenty-two cases of pulmonary plasmacytoma have been reported in the literature and verified by immunohistochemistry or other diagnostic tests. The treatment for this rare tumor has included various combinations of surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. We report a case of a middle-age man who underwent endoscopic debulking followed by ...
Esther Charles R CR - - 2004
Pulmonary lymphangiectasia (PL) is a rare disease characterized by dilation of the normal lung lymphatics. The disease was previously associated with a poor prognosis. However, several recent case reports and case studies indicate that survival is possible in the severe neonatal form of PL, and the prognosis is good for ...
Mariotta Salvatore - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease characterized by intra-alveolar calcium deposits. The etiology of the disease is still unknown and many authors have supposed that an inherited local enzymatic defect is responsible for calcium deposition. The present paper aimed to study the ...
Dahir Kathryn McCrystal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of primary paraganglioma of the lung, which caused the syndrome of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) hypersecretion. METHODS: The clinical, biochemical, and imaging findings in this case are described, and the pathologic features of the resected tumor tissue are depicted. In addition, the related literature ...
Bearz Alessandra - - 2004
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, a rare disease of unknown etiology that is seen almost exclusively in women of childbearing age, generally presents with features of pulmonary involvement. It may be associated with tuberous sclerosis. Its clinical pulmonary manifestations vary from simple cough to the development of recurrent pneumothorax, hemoptysis, and even complicated pleural ...
Patel A L - - 2004
We report here the unusual case of a 64 year old male, who was incidentally found to have a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The patient was asymptomatic. Echocardiography revealed a moderate sized PDA with normal left ventricular function and mild pulmonary hypertension. As the patient was asymptomatic and was not ...
Bhagat Rajesh - - 2004
Noninfectious pulmonary complications are one of the major side effects of hematopoetic stem cell transplant (HSCT); however, the development of pulmonary sarcoidosis post-HSCT is uncommon, with only three cases previously reported. In each of those cases, sarcoidosis was also diagnosed in the stem cell donor. We now report four cases ...
Mihretie Dawit - - 2004
A 39 years old Ethiopian women presented to Tikur Anbessa Hospital with cough, chest pain, haemaptyis and dyspnea and was admitted with the clinical impression of bronchogenic carcinoma. Pneumonectomy was performed and tissue section from the specimen was reported as pulmonary hamartoma. A detailed description of the clinical findings, laboratory ...
Karnak Demet - - 2004
A 20 year-old female, heterozygous for Factor V Leiden mutation (FVLM) is presented. Her personal history was prominent for severe anaemia during her gestation. Aetiology of anaemia was found to be hereditary spherocytosis (HS). Intrauterine foetal death had occurred at 20 weeks of gestational age. Two days after curettage, she ...
Demirci I - - 2004
Vertebral Eosinophilic Granuloma (EG) is a frequently reported disease, but further dissemination rarely occurs when the initial lesion is in the lumbar region. We present a case of EG, initially located in L5 vertebra, which disseminated to the skeletal bones and pulmonary system months after total excision in an adult.
Hasiotou M - - 2004
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare primary malignant pulmonary tumor in pediatric patients. We report the development of PPB in the area of a previous pulmonary cyst in two children, one boy and one girl 5 and 12 years old, respectively. We present the clinical and radiological findings. A short ...
Kim Cheol-Woo - - 2004
Azodicarbonamide is a low molecular weight foaming agent for plastics and rubbers. Azodicarbonamide can elicit acute and chronic health related problems due to its potential for pulmonary and cutaneous sensitization. Some cases of occupational asthma associated with exposure to azodicarbonamide have been reported, of which only a few cases were ...
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