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Blitman Netta M - - 2007
Gemella morbillorum and Gemella haemolysans are normal oral flora that can also be pathogenic. We report 2 cases of adolescents with osteosarcoma who developed multiple pulmonary nodules associated with Gemella bacteremia. These nodules mimicked metastatic disease. To our knowledge, this manifestation of Gemella infection has not been previously reported. In ...
Tavil Yusuf - - 2007
Gemcitabine, a pyrimidine analogue, is a cell cycle-specific antineoplastic agent that is structurally related to cytarabine. Major side effects of the treatment with gemcitabine are hepatic dysfunction, myelosuppression, renal impairment and pulmonary toxicity. Development of atrial fibrillation (AF) during gemcitabine treatment is very rare and was reported in only 2 ...
Ge Yimin - - 2007
Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia is an extremely rare pulmonary lesion, with only 39 cases reported in the literature. We report an additional case and review the literature. The patient is a 41-year-old man with a 5-year history of progressive dyspnea, cough, and wheezing. He was initially diagnosed as ...
De A - - 2007
We describe a case of a 19-year-old man who developed traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts after a rollover road traffic crash. These were associated with significant pulmonary haemorrhage requiring a period of mechanical ventilation, but resolved without specific intervention. Review of the literature confirms that this rare complication of blunt chest trauma ...
Rajaratnam R - - 2007
To our knowledge, this is the first report in the British literature documenting the co-occurrence of melanoma and pulmonary carcinoid. The only other report is from America and documents pulmonary carcinoid in association with a parathyroid hormone-producing melanoma. We report two patients with melanoma who presented with nodules on chest ...
Bernard Joan - - 2007
Approximately 2000 patients underwent pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) to date at University of California, San Diego. We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic manifestations of 200 consecutive PTE cases from June 2004 to February 2006 with an emphasis on the histopathologic spectrum of chronic thromboembolic disease. Pathology reports and all histologic sections of ...
Sihoe Alan D L - - 2008
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder in which lipoproteinaceous material is deposited in the alveoli, compromising gaseous exchange. We report the case of a 29-year-old female patient presenting with the most extreme case of PAP yet reported. She successfully managed by aggressive bilateral whole lung lavage (WLL) in ...
Antonini-Canterin Francesco - - 2007
Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is an uncommon and potentially life-threatening complication after rapid expansion of a collapsed lung. Symptom onset (cough, chest pain, dyspnoea) is often sudden and the clinical picture may be dramatic. Pathogenesis is complex and partially unclear. A well-timed intensive therapy allows a better prognosis. To date, only ...
Thapar Ankur - - 2007
The case of a 63-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with epistaxis and haemodynamic instability is reported. Subsequent investigation showed renal failure and multiple pulmonary nodules. A positive proteinase 3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody test supported the diagnosis of fulminant Wegener's granulomatosis, requiring urgent dialysis, plasma exchange and immunosuppression. ...
Bhargava Parul - - 2007
Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) in the lung is a rare occurrence. We describe 5 new cases of this entity, review the literature, and compare pulmonary light chain deposits to pulmonary amyloidosis. In addition, we identified 17 patients with pulmonary LCDD in the literature with sufficient clinical information to allow ...
Etté Hélèn Yapo - - 2007
This is a report on a 30-year-old black man who suddenly died in the worker transportation vehicle in which he had been quietly sitting for thirty minutes. No information about his medical or surgical history or any family history has been obtained. This case is intended to highlight the fact ...
Guber Alexander - - 2006
Glass wool or vitreous fibers are non-crystalline, fibrous inorganic substances (silicates) made primarily from rock, slag, glass, or other processed minerals. They belong to the man-made mineral fibers (MMMFs) group and their respiratory effects are well described by De Vuyst et al. [1995]. The authors pointed out the absence of ...
Sood Akshay - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Human activities associated with aerosol-generating hot water sources are increasingly popular. Recently, a hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP)-like granulomatous lung disease, with non-tuberculous mycobacteria from exposure to hot water aerosols from hot tubs/spas, showers, and indoor swimming pools, has been described in immunocompetent individuals (also called "hot tub lung"). Our objective ...
Husain S J - - 2006
Pulmonary manifestations of Behcet's disease are not very common and usually include pulmonary artery aneurysms, central venous thrombosis, pneumonia and pleurisy. Chylothorax secondary to superior vena caval obstruction is a rare complication and has been reported in only a few cases. We report a case of a 24-year-old man presenting ...
Vahid Bobbak - - 2006
This case report describes a unique presentation of dermatomyositis-associated pneumonitis. A 44-year-old man presented with repeated episodes of fever, dyspnea, and hemoptysis accompanied with pulmonary infiltrates, on chest CT scan. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis was suspected. Further work-up showed clinical and serologic evidence of dermatomyositis-associated pneumonitis. The patient was treated with oral ...
Church G D - - 2006
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is increasingly recognized as a major complication of transfusion therapy; it was the leading cause of transfusion-related fatalities in the United States in 2003. Most cases of TRALI that have been reported are in adult patients. We present two cases of TRALI that occurred in ...
Watve Jayant K - - 2006
Rhinosporidiosis is a disease caused by the organism Rhinosporidium seeberi, which is now believed to be a rare aquatic protistan parasite of fish. Ocular rhinosporidiosis is worldwide in distribution but relatively more common in India and Shrilanka. We report a retrospective case record of isolated lacrimal sac rhinosporidiosis in an ...
Armstrong David J - - 2007
We report the cases of two middle-aged male smokers who presented to the early synovitis clinic with an acute phase response, synovitis of the wrists and ankles and clubbing of the fingers, but no respiratory symptoms. Both proved to have primary lung tumours with hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy, in one case ...
Amezcua-Guerra Luis M - - 2006
The association between microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has seldom been reported. We describe a patient with PBC and MPA who presented with polyarthritis and pulmonary nodules followed by pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis and liver dysfunction. Detection of p-ANCA, antimyeloperoxidase, and antimitochondrial antibodies along with liver and renal ...
Sciortino Carmen - - 2006
We report the first case of mixed pulmonary infection with Strongyloides stercoralis and Blastomyces dermatitidis. Histopathology from the lung biopsy showed structures consistent with B. dermatitidis and S. stercoralis. A parasitology exam from a bronchi alveolar lavage yielded an immature rhabditiform larva and female worm. Fungal cultures grew B. dermatitidis.
Ikeda Haruto - - 2006
Negative-pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is an uncommon but life-threatening complication of acute or chronic upper airway obstruction; however, there are few reports of NPPE after giant goiter resection. We report a case with severe NPPE induced by the resection of a mediastinum thyroid goiter. The patient was successfully treated by ...
Satoh Fumiko - - 2006
We report an autopsy case of sudden death in a 36-year-old craftsman with idiopathic scoliosis. The doctor identified his scoliosis at the age of thirteen, and he was under medical care for three years until he stopped consulting the doctor. He collapsed while walking at the station and was sent ...
Meirelles Gustavo Souza Portes - - 2006
Primary pulmonary meningioma is very rare, with about 30 cases reported in the English literature. These lesions are usually benign, grow slowly, and have an excellent prognosis. However, they can mimic any other pulmonary tumor, as the most common presentation is as a solitary pulmonary nodule. We report a case ...
Iwasaki Teruo - - 2006
Thoracolithiasis is a rare condition with only 12 cases of surgically removed nodules reported in the literature. We report 2 additional cases. Case 1: A 19-year-old male admitted with an abnormal shadow on a chest X-ray. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a nodule in the right lower lung lobe. The material ...
Leroy Piet - - 2006
Invasive aspergillosis is extremely rare in immunocompetent children. Here we describe the clinical, radiologic, and laboratory course of fatal invasive pulmonary and central nervous system aspergillosis in a previously healthy child after a near-drowning incident with submersion in a pond. Findings were compared with data from the literature, which is ...
Jain M - - 2006
Potter's syndrome is a rare entity with an incidence of 1 in 2000 to 1 in 5000 live births. All babies born with this condition are either stillborn or die very early within neonatal period. We present two autopsy cases which presented with abnormal facies, oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia and genitourinary ...
Yamamoto Sohei - - 2006
An extremely rare autopsy case of primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma combined with adenocarcinomatous components in a 77-year-old Japanese man is described. The patient died of rapidly progressive respiratory dysfunction without ante-mortem diagnosis. Autopsy revealed necro-hemorrhagic areas of the primary lung tumor with a typical biphasic pattern of choriocarcinoma. Topographical analysis suggested ...
Froudarakis Marios E - - 2007
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare, heterogeneous diffuse lung disease in childhood. We report a case of an asymptomatic 13-year old girl with PAP. She had radiolographic findings suggesting the diagnosis, which was confirmed by the "milky" bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and the histology of transbronchial biopsy. Total lung lavage ...
DiCaudo David J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coccidioidomycosis may be associated with a reactive generalized cutaneous eruption early in the course of the illness. Detailed descriptions in the literature are scarce. OBSERVATIONS: We describe 3 patients with a florid eruption associated with pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. The exanthem mimicked erythema multiforme clinically but not histologically. In 2 of ...
Astudillo Leonardo - - 2006
Pulmonary involvement in Sweet's syndrome (SS) is rare. We report a case of SS with severe respiratory involvement responding to corticosteroid therapy. A 82-year-old man presented fever of 39 degrees C associated with cough and dyspnea, and crackles in the left lung. The infection work-up was negative. Chest X-ray showed ...
Alexander C P - - 2006
Congenital hepatic arteriovenous malformations are rare anomalies, which typically present in infancy with congestive heart failure, anemia, and hepatomegaly. Morbidity and mortality is high if the condition is not recognized and treated promptly. Hepatic arteriovenous malformation associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn has been reported in two cases ...
Miyoshi Tatsu - - 2006
Human pulmonary dirofilariasis is a rare zoonotic infection caused by the dog heartworm Dirofilaria immitis, which is transmitted via a vector/intermediate host, generally the mosquito. The authors present a case of histologically diagnosed human pulmonary dirofilariasis, in which the lesion was resected using video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). The authors also ...
Suzuki Satoshi - - 2006
We present here a rare case of left-side catamenial pneumothorax, in which endometrial tissue pleura was found on the visceral pleura histologically. A chest roentogenogram confirmed the left pneumothorax, but did not reveal bullae or any associated anomalies, in a 41-year-old woman with three documented episodes of left-side pneumothorax occurring ...
Vera-Alvarez Jesús - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Primary pulmonary botryomycosis is an uncommon suppurative bacterial infection of the lung. Cytologic findings by conventional methods and thin-layer preparations in1 case are presented. CASE: A 45-year-old man had primary pulmonary botryomycosis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Aspiration smears were characterized by densely packed microorganisms surrounded by ...
Kumar Neena - - 2006
In recent years, the reported incidence of nocardiosis, a localized or disseminated infection caused by Nocardia, has been increasing. This increase can be attributed to the improvements in diagnostic capabilities and the higher clinical index of suspicion, as well as the increased prevalence of immunosuppressed patients. We report a case ...
Abe Katsumi - - 2006
Laryngeal papillomatosis is a rare benign disease seen in children and young adults. The spread of laryngeal papillomas throughout the respiratory tract occurs rarely; and involvement of the distal bronchi, bronchioles, and lung parenchyma is very rare. We report a case of pulmonary spread of laryngeal papillomatosis in a 34-year-old ...
Chon Soon-Ho - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts or post-traumatic pneumatocoeles are a relatively rare-encountered condition occurring after trauma and an even rarer talked about subject. Most resolve within a few weeks, but if complicated by hematoma, may persist for months. This study intends to evaluate the resolution times of traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts and ...
Jaffer Usman - - 2006
Severe, acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are a common presentation to emergency departments in the UK. In this group of patients, clinical examination can be unreliable in excluding a pneumothorax. With the increasing role of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in these cases, we present a case report that ...
Sharma Aman - - 2006
Lipoid pneumonia is a rare pulmonary disorder having no classical radiological appearance. We report a 33-year-old male, ex-smoker who was referred to us with history of cough, mild mucoid expectoration and progressively increasing dyspnoea since one year. He was investigated at local hospital and was treated with 30 mg prednisolone ...
Ceviz Naci - - 2006
In this paper, we report on clinical and laboratory findings of pigeon breeder's lung (PBL) in a mother and her 2 children: 2 with the chronic recurrent form, and 1 with the chronic insidious form without any symptoms or signs, who was diagnosed during family screening. The index case was ...
Church Alistair Colin - - 2006
The association between non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease and achalasia, although previously documented in the respiratory literature, is not well recognised generally. We present a case of a female who presents with weight loss, cough and radiological findings of aspiration pneumonia and achalasia. A discussion of mechanisms for this association are ...
Al-Trabolsi Hassan A - - 2006
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) can involve multiple organs. "Primary" or isolated pulmonary LCH is a well-described entity in young adults but is exceedingly rare in children younger than 15 years of age. The authors report a new case in a 2-year-old girl and review other reported cases in the pediatric ...
Aghajanzadeh Manochehr
We report a series of three mentally-retarded patients who presented with dysphagia, cough and recurrent pulmonary infection, adrenal insufficiency and alacrimia. Investigations included ultrasonography and CT scan of the abdomen, in addition to barium swallow, esophageal manometry and esophagoscopy confirming the diagnosis of achalasia. Glucocorticoid therapy was prescribed whereas alacrimia ...
Aghajanzadeh Manochehr - - 2006
We report a series of three mentally-retarded patients who presented with dysphagia, cough and recurrent pulmonary infection, adrenal insufficiency and alacrimia. Investigations included ultrasonography and CT scan of the abdomen, in addition to barium swallow, esophageal manometry and esophagoscopy confirming the diagnosis of achalasia. Glucocorticoid therapy was prescribed whereas alacrimia ...
Bouron-Dal Soglio Dorotheé - - 2006
The association of pleuropulmonary blastoma and cystic nephroma is an uncommon entity, with only 4 cases of such an association in the same patient described in English literature. We report a 5th histologically documented case in a 32-month-old boy. The boy underwent a pulmonary biopsy that showed a pleuropulmonary blastoma ...
deRoux Stephen J - - 2006
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) has previously been reported as a useful finding in the determination of live birth in cases where the birth and death were not attended. Herein, we present the radiographic and gross pathologic features of PIE in such a case. In this instance, in addition to parenchymal ...
Alp Emine - - 2006
Pulmonary nocardiosis is the major clinical manifestation of human nocardiosis and disseminated infection can be seen in immunocompromised patients. N. asteroides is the predominant pathogen associated with disseminated diseases. We report 2 cases of pulmonary nocardiosis admitted with disseminated infection, caused by rare species of Nocardia: Nocardia transvalensis and Nocardia ...
Siret V - - 2006
Fifteen tularaemia cases were identified after a holiday spent at a converted mill in the Vendee region in France, between 9 and 12 August 2004. The mill was visited, and descriptive, retrospective cohort and environmental investigations were conducted. The 39 people who had stayed at the mill between 24 July ...
Ostoros G - - 2006
Fatal lung fibrosis caused by paclitaxel toxicity has not been reported In this report, we describe the case of a 62-year-old woman who received six cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin as combination chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer. Four weeks after the end of the chemotherapy she developed interstitial pneumonitis and ...
Leung Ying Ying - - 2006
We report a case of pulmonary hypertension presenting with sudden cardiac arrest, hyperthyroidism and fenfluramine usage. This fatal case of pulmonary hypertension and valvular heart disease is associated with the use of an anorectic drug that had been withdrawn from the market more than eight years ago. Clinicians should alert ...
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