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Castillo R A - - 1987
Nine cases of fetuses with pleural effusions are presented in which the diagnosis was made by ultrasound before the thirtieth week of gestation. A ratio of lung span to hemithorax diameter was calculated and ranged from 0.44 to 0.77 (mean 0.60). At autopsy, pulmonary hypoplasia was confirmed in all cases ...
Sullivan J N - - 1987
We describe four cases of active pulmonary tuberculosis with hypercalcemia. The hypercalcemia developed three to eight weeks after the patients were admitted to the hospital, when clinical improvement due to specific drug therapy for the infection was also evident. The abnormality persisted for three to seven weeks and subsided spontaneously. ...
Barber F A - - 1987
While acromioclavicular joint injury is not uncommon, a complete posterior dislocation in which the distal clavicle penetrates and is entrapped by the trapezius muscle is among the most rare. Early open reduction with reconstruction of the periosteal-muscular envelope as well as repair of the coracoclavicular ligaments permitted a rapid and ...
Jimenez J F - - 1987
Pulmonary blastoma (PB) has been considered a very rare primary lung malignant neoplasm. In children, it is one of the rarest cancers reported. To my knowledge, there are only 24 pediatric cases of PB in patients ranging from 2 months to 15 years of age, representing one-fourth of all reported ...
Scharstein R - - 1987
Patients with osteogenic sarcoma are at a very high risk of developing pulmonary metastatic disease. Bleomycin has recently been reported to cause pulmonary nodules mimicking metastatic disease. Our case adds what we believe to be the first report in the pediatric literature and describes new findings that we believe are ...
Volle E - - 1987
Report of two new pediatric cases of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM). PAM is a rare disease of unknown etiology; not more than 38 cases have been reported aged less than 18 years. The essential features of this disease are (1) a characteristic radiographic appearance of a sand-like opacity of both ...
Hurwitz M D - - 1986
Blastomycosis was once thought to be restricted to North America; it has rarely been found in the RSA. The first case reported in the RSA was associated with a diffuse pulmonary infiltrate and cavitation; the patient responded to amphotericin B.
Kaufman D G - - 1986
Cystic fibrosis commonly is regarded as a disease of childhood associated with severe pulmonary and pancreatic pathological conditions. We report on a previously healthy 45-year-old man who was diagnosed as having cystic fibrosis after presentation with primary azoospermia. The literature is reviewed. Although references are made to late presentations of ...
Lemley D E - - 1986
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis, an unusual form of the alveolar hemorrhage syndromes, has been reported in association with several connective tissue disorders. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however, rarely presents in this manner. We discuss a young adult with recent onset RA following idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis, and review the 3 cases previously reported.
Tron V - - 1986
We present a case of slowly progressive Aspergillus infection occurring in a partially immunocompromised host. The histologic pattern mimicked bronchocentric granulomatosis as seen in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, but the clinical history, spread of disease in the face of steroid therapy, peculiar granulomatous response to the organisms, and large numbers of ...
Tucci E - - 1986
A case of progressive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis following adjuvant lomustine (CCNU)-5-fluorouracil therapy for a colon carcinoma is reported. A close relationship between lomustine assumption and lung damage seems to emerge from the clinical, radiologic and histologic findings presented. On the basis of this experience and previous available data from literature, ...
Vanlinthout L - - 1986
Venous air embolism following urethral inflation only scarcely documented: an extensive search of the literature yielded four papers relating to this subject. We report a new case of venous air embolism due to this uncommon etiology. Careful study revealed some common pathogenetic features with previously reported cases. Some important precautions ...
Brandenhoff P - - 1986
Pneumopericardium is a rare condition, most frequently reported in connection with prolonged artificial ventilation in infants with hyaline membrane disease. No reports of pneumopericardium after pulmonary surgery have been published. Two cases of pneumopericardium are reported, one of tension pneumopericardium after pneumonectomy and artificial ventilation and one that followed radical ...
Nondahl S R - - 1986
"Primary" pulmonary histiocytosis X, a well-described entity in young adult males in which pulmonary disease is the overriding site of involvement, is exceedingly rare in children younger than 15 years old. We report a new case in a 2-year-old male and review other reported prepubertal cases. The diagnosis of pulmonary ...
Destro F - - 1985
The correlation between the placental echographic appearances and pulmonary maturity was studied in 32 cases of normal pregnancy between the 29th and 33d weeks. The placental appearance was classified according to Grannum's criteria, and an amniocentesis was performed in each case. Both an L/S ratio and a foam stability (Clements') ...
Town G I - - 1985
Two cases of primary pulmonary cryptococcosis are described. In both cases diagnosis was established using specimens obtained at bronchoscopy and in one case confirmed by detecting cryptococcal antigen. Knowledge of the natural history of the condition allowed rational decisions to be made regarding treatment. Difficulties surrounding the diagnosis and treatment ...
Regan R A - - 1985
In summary, we have described our method of treating phosgene inhalation injury. We have presented two serious cases in detail which demonstrate that survival was associated with aggressive therapy. Several points should be mentioned. The pulmonary edema and resulting fluid and foam production can be so copious as to overwhelm ...
Sawicka E H - - 1985
Two cases of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis, with survival between 12 and 28 years are described. Both were treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate with a slight initial improvement in both lung function and exercise tolerance, and no further deterioration during the period of follow-up of 10-20 months. The results are discussed and other ...
Libby L S - - 1985
Cavitation following bland pulmonary infarction is not commonly considered in the differential diagnosis of cavitary lung disease. In a 4-year period we have found 10 cases of cavitating pulmonary infarction (CPI) by reviewing serial chest radiographs from autopsies with pulmonary infarction and in all cases with positive ventilation-perfusion lung scans. ...
Moreno A J - - 1985
Eight cases of pulmonary embolism were evaluated with Ga-67 citrate scintigraphy. Of the eight patients, all but one showed evidence of abnormal Ga-67 citrate localization within involved regions of the lung as demonstrated by ventilation-perfusion lung scintigraphy. The sole patient who did not demonstrate Ga-67 localization within the lung had ...
Lillo-Gil R - - 1985
We describe a case of pulmonary sarcoma appearing as a cyst in the lower lobe. A review of the literature on cavities and malignancies of the lung shows that lung cavities with a wall thickness of 4 mm or less were benign in 92% of the cases. After investigation, a ...
Spizarny D L - - 1985
One hundred normal posteroanterior chest radiographs were reviewed to determine the frequency of appearance and characteristics of the anterior segmental bronchi of the upper lobes. The bronchus was visible as a sharp circle on the right in 45% of normals, and on the left in 50%. In 90% of normals, ...
Kobayashi H - - 1985
Two cases of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WMG) with principally pulmonary manifestation are presented. The disease in both cases was discovered from abnormal shadow in chest x-ray films, without classic features of the disease such as anemia, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly or visual disturbance. Transbronchial biopsy (case 1) and open lung biopsy (case 2) ...
Kochar A S - - 1985
Three patients with human pulmonary dirofilariasis are presented. The clinical, parasitologic, and pathologic features of this entity are discussed, and the literature is briefly reviewed. A condition that generally has been considered to be an innocuous process can manifest with repeated pulmonary infarctions and multiple pulmonary nodules. At present, there ...
Calder I M - - 1985
Morbid anatomical data have been examined in detail from 13 fatal diving accidents in which the primary cause of death was due to pulmonary damage. In addition, the observations on 6 cases of experimental barotrauma on cadavers are recorded. The information is supplemented by the incidental findings in the respiratory ...
Joseph B - - 1985
The authors report two cases of marked acro-osteolysis. One patient, a 16-year-old boy, had hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy associated with bronchiectasis, clubbing of the digits, synovitis, and osseous changes. The other patient, a 55-year-old man, had pachydermoperiostosis as well as synovial hypertrophy, clubbing of the digits, blepharitis, and a cataract. While ...
Gortenuti G - - 1985
A case of idiopathic disseminated parenchymal pulmonary ossification is presented. Discussion is based on the radiological and pathological findings, taking into consideration the two different forms of presentation (nodular and branching type) of this rather rare condition. The related bibliography is reviewed and discussed with particular emphasis on the aetiology ...
Knight J A - - 1985
We report 2 cases of primary pulmonary hypertension in brothers, 6 and 3 years old. Their lungs contained numerous plexiform vascular lesions. The literature is reviewed involving familial cases, especially those in which siblings were affected. Several of these cases lack the pathological verification necessary for acceptance as examples of ...
Gortenuti G - - 1985
A case of diffuse reversible pulmonary injury, developed during gold salt therapy, is presented. The discussion deals with the difficulty of excluding other diseases capable of mimicking this clinical and radiological picture. The pathogenesis and evolution of this interstitial pneumonitis-like entity is discussed and the related literature is reviewed.
Kilgore T L - - 1984
Pseudolymphomas of the lung are extremely rare with approximately 30 cases reported in the literature. Histologically it may be impossible to distinguish a benign pseudolymphoma from a malignant lymphoma. Immunoperoxidase staining has been proposed to help predict the benign or malignant potential of these conditions. Results thus far have been ...
Stiller R J - - 1984
A pregnancy complicated by cyanotic heart disease due to single ventricle was recently managed at the authors's institution. Review of the literature showed only five previous case reports. The management of this uncommon disorder is presented along with a review of the literature. The presence of pulmonary hypertension appears to ...
Laden S A - - 1984
Although approximately 50 cases of nodular pulmonary amyloidosis have been described in the literature, few of them have involved bilateral confluent disease. An exceptional case with disease extensive enough to cause death by respiratory insufficiency is reported. A remarkable degree of calcification in the subpleural areas, with osseous and chondroid ...
Kanter R K - - 1984
We retrospectively surveyed records of 153 patients with croup or epiglottitis. Thirty-four children required intubation of the trachea to relieve upper airway obstruction. In those requiring intubation, pulmonary edema occurred in four (12%) of 34. Review of 17 previously reported cases, along with our patients, demonstrated that onset of pulmonary ...
Spigelman A - - 1984
Although the literature fails to clearly define the prognosis of isolated congenital pulmonary incompetence (ICPI), there are suggestions that the lesion is not necessarily benign. A case report is presented of pulmonary valve replacement for ICPI which reversed not only symptoms but also electrocardiographic manifestations of right ventricular overload. A ...
Adkins R B RB - - 1984
The canine heart worm, Dirofilaria immitis, can occasionally cause pulmonary granulomas in man. Fewer than 100 such cases have been reported in the United States, mostly from along the Atlantic Seaboard and Gulf Coast. None of these cases have been from the Mississippi Valley states. We have described a patient ...
Tuncel E - - 1984
In chest roentgenograms, the pulmonary meniscus sign is a crescent-shaped inclusion of air surrounded by consolidated lung tissue. The common cause is aspergilloma. A hydatid cyst is, however, the most common cause in endemic areas. In this study, 10 cases with meniscus sign are presented and the pertinent literature is ...
Ueda N - - 1984
The paper presents an autopsy case of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and a review of literature. A 33-year-old woman with Raynaud's phenomenon and dyspnea of one year duration was diagnosed as having MCTD on the basis of a higher titer (1:163,840) of serum antibodies to ...
Satoh K - - 1983
Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from two cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were analyzed for glycosaminoglycans and glycoproteins. The clinical courses of the two cases were entirely different. In one patient, signs and symptoms recurred despite repeated therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavages. In the other patient, three successive bronchoalveolar lavages brought about complete recovery. ...
Biberstein M - - 1983
A 33-year-old white man with cystic fibrosis and severe chronic pulmonary disease developed nephrotic syndrome and was found to have secondary systemic amyloidosis. Only four such cases have been reported in the English literature. Previously reported cases are reviewed and compared. It is suggested that with increasing longevity in cystic ...
Chahinian A P - - 1983
The diagnosis of Carney's triad requires the coexistence of at least two of three rare disorders, including gastric epithelioid leiomyosarcoma, pulmonary chondroma, and functioning extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Seventeen cases have been reported so far, occurring predominantly in young female patients. We report herein the 18th case of this entity and the ...
Steele R W - - 1983
Ten pediatric patients with systemic blastomycosis in Arkansas are reviewed. No particular age predisposition in childhood is apparent and there has been no change in incidence over the previous 40 years. Six of the 10 cases were male and 8 were black. Organ systems most commonly involved were pulmonary, skeletal ...
Prakash U B - - 1983
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disease of unknown cause in which calcium phosphate microliths are deposited throughout the lungs. These deposits are of sufficient density to be almost diagnostic on chest roentgenograms. The Mayo Clinic experience with 8 patients is added to the approximately 120 cases reported in the ...
Murphy K - - 1983
Unilateral pulmonary edema has been associated with a variety of clinical disorders including post re-expansion of a pneumothorax. We present a case of unilateral pulmonary edema following chest tube drainage of a spontaneous pneumothorax. A literature review of this complication is reported, the pathophysiology explored and therapeutic measures examined.
Herman S J - - 1982
We report a patient with multiple pulmonary kaolin granulomas. The granulomas developed secondary to the use of a liquid kaolin suspension for pleural poudrage to treat recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces. Presumably the kaolin entered the lung through pleuro-alveolar or pleuro-bronchial openings. Kaolin pneumoconiosis is generally regarded as an inhalational pneumoconiosis. However, ...
Demicco W A - - 1982
We present five cases of biopsy proven pulmonary sarcoidosis with initial radiographic localisation of disease to one lung. Four of the cases later demonstrated more typical diffuse bilateral pulmonary infiltrates. Clinical and pulmonary function data of these patients are presented. Although localised pulmonary involvement by Sarcoidosis may not be uncommon, ...
Ball D G - - 1982
A case of Hodgkin's disease occurred with pulmonary involvement as the initial feature. The disease was initially seen clinically and roentgenographically as a diffuse pulmonary infiltrate. To our knowledge, the pattern of diffuse pneumonic involvement without intrathoracic lymphadenopathy at presentation has been reported only in one other case. Differentiation of ...
Rosenfelt F - - 1982
Bleomycin is an effective drug used in the therapy of many malignant diseases. Such toxicities as fever, chills, and pulmonary fibrosis are well known to occur following administration of this drug. A rare fatal hyperpyrexial response has also been noted with this agent. We describe a case of fatal hyperthermia ...
Bernstein M L - - 1982
The most common pulmonary disorder induced by methotrexate is a gradually developing interstitial pneumonitis. The associated clinical manifestations include slowly progressive dyspnea and nonproductive cough, with extensive radiographic changes. One case has been reported following intrathecal methotrexate administration; the remainder occurred after either intravenous or oral therapy. We report two ...
Rosen S E - - 1982
A case of pulmonary cryptococcosis initially diagnosed by cytologic examination of sputum is presented. The cytologic findings are reviewed, with a brief discussion of the clinical settings in which pulmonary cryptococcosis occurs. The role of the cytologist in the early detection of this important and often clinically occult pulmonary mycotic ...
Nagey D A - - 1982
The potential association of intravenous isoxsuprine therapy for premature labor with pulmonary edema and an adult respiratory distress syndrome is demonstrated by 6 patients, 3 of whom became critically ill. While other tocolytic agents have been associated with pulmonary edema, most commonly when used in combination with glucocorticoids, this is ...
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