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Results 451 - 500 of 654
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Dykhuizen R S - - 1994
A case of invasive pulmonary mucormycosis complicated by fatal, massive haemoptysis in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia is reported. This patient represents the twelfth reported case of fatal haemoptysis due to mucormycosis. The other 11 cases are reviewed and the aetiology of cavity formation and massive haemoptysis is discussed. ...
Schluger N - - 1994
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common clinical entity, although the signs and symptoms that accompany it are nonspecific. This has led to the development of several diagnostic algorithms for diagnosis of PE. These approaches combine noninvasive tests such as ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scanning, impedance plethysmography, and ultrasound, with invasive techniques ...
Ferré C - - 1994
Lung cavitation in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) has mainly been reported as single case studies. Among 160 episodes of PCP seen in a 1,000 bed teaching hospital and a 600 bed teaching hospital from 1985-1992, we found six cases presenting with ...
Ayabe, Hiroyoshi
Abstract: We report a case of life-threatening reexpansion pulmonary edema following chest tube drainage of spontaneous pneumothorax. Reviewing the literature, pathophysiology, symptoms and therapy of this complication were discussed. Physicians must be aware of the occurrence of reexpansion pulmonary edema following reinflation of the collapsed lung
Mitchell R O - - 1993
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital condition, but because the symptoms usually do not occur until middle age, the diagnosis is often delayed. The authors report on a neonate, diagnosed at 2 weeks of age, who was treated by lobectomy at 35 months of age. This prompted a review ...
Hoff B H - - 1993
The right heart and great veins can be the harbinger of septic and aseptic thromboemboli, which can result in a spectrum of clinical syndromes. This report presents five distinct clinical scenarios of thromboembolization, the occurrence of which in the central circulation resulted in life-threatening sepsis and hemodynamic and pulmonary insufficiency. ...
Shimizu J - - 1993
Primary pulmonary hemangiopericytoma is a very rare tumor. A case of the disease is reported, together with a review of the literature. The patient was a 78-year-old male, who was admitted to hospital with an abnormal shadow on his chest x-ray. A primary tumor, located in the left S4, was ...
Prewitt K C - - 1993
We report a case of fragmentation and embolization to the pulmonary artery of sheared pieces of a recently introduced hydrophilic plastic-coated guidewire. The propensity for this to occur, the lack of initial recognition, and the ability to retrieve the fragments by catheter techniques are emphasized. As these guidewires are more ...
Simons G R - - 1993
We report five cases of OVT and review the literature on this disease. Among our patients OVT was not suspected clinically and was diagnosed by CT scanning or MRI. Ultrasound imaging, utilized in three cases, failed to detect OVT. Although this disease usually occurs after delivery, in two cases it ...
Yu F C - - 1993
The development of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can be associated with a variety of clinical disorders. Pulmonary cryptococcosis occurring in immunocompromised patients has been reported with increasing frequency because of the rapidly rising number of immunocompromised hosts and the improvement in diagnostic techniques. But pulmonary cryptococcosis causing ARDS in ...
Joshi R - - 1993
We have reported the case of a woman who had repeated episodes of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema as the initial clinical manifestation of pheochromocytoma. She had no evidence of heart failure or paroxysmal blood pressure changes. In a review of the English-language literature, we found only five other cases in which ...
Toland K C - - 1993
Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis, well described in the obstetrical literature with an incidence approaching 1 in 2,000 pregnancies, can present as a life-threatening complication. Although infrequent, thrombophlebitis of the ovarian vein may remain unrecognized and result in pulmonary embolism with dire outcome. Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis can present initially as ...
Kambe M - - 1993
Laurel and Eriksson published the first report indicating that alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency predisposed patients to the development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). For the purpose of early detection, disturbances of pulmonary function in alpha 1-antitrypsin mild deficiency cases (PiMZ) were compared with those of normal cases (PiMM) in caucasian ...
Ucan E S - - 1993
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. ...
Sato T - - 1993
We report two autopsy cases of Sjögren's syndrome associated with pulmonary hypertension. The pulmonary muscular arteries of both cases showed concentric fibrocellular intimal proliferation, medial hypertrophy, and plexiform lesions. To determine the significance and pathogenesis of this rare association, we carried out morphometric and immunofluorescent studies and reviewed the seven ...
Krause T - - 1993
A case of Takayasu's arteritis is reported. Ventilation-perfusion lung scans and exercise thallium scintigraphy clearly showed pulmonary and coronary arterial involvement, respectively. Clinical examination and angiography revealed no other abnormal vascular findings. This case points out the difficulty in attempting to diagnose Takayasu's disease if only atypical vascular involvement is ...
Knoll G - - 1993
Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody-mediated disease is usually characterized by a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with or without pulmonary hemorrhage. We report a case of anti-GBM-mediated nephritis that presented with hematuria and proteinuria. There was no evidence of renal insufficiency or pulmonary hemorrhage. Clinicians should be aware of this rare presentation ...
Allen S W - - 1993
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a rare cause of cyanosis in the newborn with nine previously reported cases. Typical signs at presentation include cyanosis, murmur, and congestive heart failure. Abnormality on chest x-ray is common with cardiomegaly, oligemia, and focal pulmonary density. There is a male predominance, unlike older children ...
Candolfi E - - 1993
We report a case of primary pulmonary toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent pregnant woman. Seroconversion did not occur until 2 weeks after detection of the parasite in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. It is suggested that toxoplasma infection should be considered in any atypical pneumonia in which the X-ray shows diffuse pulmonary infiltrates.
Bunai Y - - 1992
Histopathological observation was performed to clarify pathological differences of the lung between SIDS and asphyxia. In regard to pulmonary edema, there was no significant difference between SIDS and asphyxia. Occurrences of microemboli in the pulmonary vessels in cases of SIDS showing aspiration of gastric content into the lung, asphyxia and ...
Kortbeek J B - - 1992
A case of pulmonary artery bullet embolism managed by observation with no complications at 9-month follow-up prompted a review of the literature. We found a total of 32 cases reported since 1966, with no deaths. Fourteen of the patients were managed by observation and five patients were followed with no ...
Shieh C M - - 1992
A 67-year-old man developed non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema after taking a hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) tablet. The symptoms remitted following supportive treatment but recurred after rechallenge. Immunologic studies showed increased immunoglobulin E, negative lymphocyte transformation test when exposed to HCTZ, normal blood lymphocyte subpopulations and complement levels, and negative antinuclear antibodies. We reviewed ...
Prasad K - - 1992
A rare cyanotic heart disease surviving to adulthood with minimal symptoms is presented. The final diagnosis was hypoplastic right ventricle with mild pulmonary stenosis, where the latter was not responsible for the right-to-left shunting across a large atrial septal defect. The differences from cases reported in the literature are highlighted.
Toyoshima M - - 1992
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a congenital heart disease with a reported incidence of autopsied case. The location of the anomalous pulmonary venous return is usually the right atrium, superior vena cava (SVC), and sometimes the brachiocephalic vein, inferior vena cava (IVC) or coronary venous sinus. Recently we ...
Yousem S A - - 1992
Twenty-three transbronchial and open-lung biopsies from patients who had received a lung allograft displayed fibromyxoid plugs of granulation tissue within airways, airspaces, and the interstitium in a patchy distribution. This granulation tissue-like reaction was identified in three clinicopathologic settings. First, 11 cases occurred with acute lung rejection, of which four ...
Lee K S - - 1992
Right atrial thrombi represent pulmonary emboli in transit, and they may be fatal in patients treated conservatively with anticoagulation. This case provides an opportunity to review echocardiographic findings and management decisions in this disease entity. As the literature now favors thrombolytic therapy in suitable patients, we present a case in ...
Bedi R S - - 1992
Sixty-six permanent residents of Punjab, presenting with chest complaints and absolute eosinophil counts (AEC) over 2000 per cumm were investigated to find out the cause of high eosinophilia. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TE) was responsible for high eosinophilia in 27 cases (40.9%), even in this region where filariasis is not endemic. ...
Cordero M - - 1992
Infection by Dirofilaria immitis is a rare cause of solitary pulmonary nodule. We describe the second case of transitory pulmonary nodule found by us in the course of a case-finding study, the third one reported in the literature. The detection of cases of transient pulmonary dirofilariotic nodules suggests that human ...
Yuan A - - 1992
There are four cases of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans pulmonary infections reported in the English literature prior to 1990. We report a case of A actinomycetemcomitans pulmonary infection with invasion of overlying soft tissue, rib, and sternum. This manifestation has not been previously reported. The clinical manifestation is similar to that of ...
Fahy G - - 1992
Primary pulmonary hypertension is a rare disease of unknown case. Functional hyposplenism is characterized by the appearance of abnormal circulating erythrocytes despite the presence of a spleen and is associated with a variety of disease states. A case of primary pulmonary hypertension associated with functional hyposplenism is described in this ...
Cirasino L - - 1992
In this paper we describe a successfully treated case of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non ketotic coma (HHNC). The HHNC was observed in a patient affected by Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, associated with type II diabetes and complicated by pulmonary tuberculosis. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma is a clinical condition with a high mortality rate ...
Linette D C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: This report describes a case of mitomycin-induced pulmonary toxicity and reviews the incidence of this adverse effect, reported patterns of toxicity and associated dosages of the drug, and the use of corticosteroids in the management of pulmonary toxicity. DATA SOURCES: Information about our patient was obtained in part from ...
Garcia M J - - 1992
A 42-year-old white female developed severe respiratory distress 30 minutes following the ingestion of hydrochlorothiazide. On her arrival at the emergency room, pulmonary edema was evident by physical examination and chest radiograph. She presented without evidence of a gallop, jugular venous distention, or history suggesting cardiac disease. Normal electrocardiogram (ECG) ...
Peres L C - - 1992
A case of fulminant disseminated pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is reported. The patient, a 35-year-old black male farm worker, presented with a four-week history of generalized weakness, unproductive cough, evening fever, and a weight loss of 8 kg. He died 12 days after hospitalization of respiratory failure due to granulomatous lung disease. ...
Kovanlikaya A - - 1992
A case of pulmonary blastoma is presented with review of the radiographic, ultrasonographic and CT appearances of this rare malignant tumor of children. Pulmonary blastoma arises from primitive lung mesenchyma and histologically resembles fetal lung. The clinical presentation is usually respiratory distress. The prognosis of the disease is poor even ...
Mesnard R - - 1992
We report a case of lung infection by Pseudallescheria boydii, which appeared during therapeutic aplasia in a patient with acute leukaemia. The association of sudden chest pain and fever with negative blood cultures and haemoptysic expectoration first suggested a diagnosis of pulmonary aspergillosis, in particular because evidence of lung abscesses ...
Stanley M W - - 1992
Cytologic identification of Aspergillus is usually based on recognition of hyphal elements; conidia are rarely seen. We report a case of autopsy-proven pulmonary Aspergillosis which was studied antemortem by bronchoalveolar lavage. This mass arose in the clinical setting of chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis. The specimen contained numerous conidia, some of ...
Chan V - - 1992
We report three infants (26-28 weeks gestational age) in whom selective bronchial intubation was associated with successful decompression of severe localised pulmonary interstitial emphysema, uniquely in two cases this involved intubation of the left main bronchus. Pulmonary interstitial emphysema did not recur despite maintenance of selective intubation for only 48 ...
John L C - - 1991
A case report is described of a 33-years-old male who suffered a bullet pulmonary embolus following an abdominal gunshot injury. The literature of this rare occurrence is discussed together with the role of surgery in its treatment. Operative removal is advocated in all cases and the optimal time for removal ...
Watson J - - 1991
Pulmonary infection with D. immitis is an infrequently reported cause of lung disease in humans. Approximately 80 cases have been reported in the United States, with increasing numbers reported in recent years. The largest single series from one institution is a series of 6 patients from Ochsner Clinic in New ...
Moore B B - - 1991
While chlorine gas inhalation has previously been reported to cause temporary mucous membrane irritation, acute pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and transient bronchospasm, there is controversy about the existence of long-term pulmonary sequelae. We report the case of a 25-year-old man in whom chronic, recurrent asthma developed after exposure to a chlorine ...
Rush W L - - 1991
Discussions regarding the use of monoplace chambers for the treatment of decompression sickness (DCS) have continued for some time. Recently the role of these chambers has been reviewed by Kindwall (12) and critiqued by Moon (13). Various principles and concerns presented in their articles are illustrated by this case presentation ...
Hajduk I - - 1991
The authors describe a case originally assumed to be pneumonia. As a consequence of unsuccessful antibiotic treatment surgical intervention took place. Then histological examination revealed pulmonary lymphogranulomatosis. The authors draw the attention to the responsibility of the GP-s and hospital doctors to include pulmonary lymphogranulomatosis in the range of suspected ...
Kunikane H - - 1991
The case of a 68-year-old woman with pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteriosis, whose chest roentgenograms showed unusual wandering shadows on separate occasions, is presented. Acid-fast bacilli were detected in her sputa and by bronchial washing, and were identified as Mycobacterium chelonae, subspecies abscessus. The findings of computed tomography and transbronchial lung biopsy ...
Randhawa P - - 1991
Diffuse panbronchiolitis is a disease largely restricted geographically to Japan. It is manifested clinically by an insidious onset of dyspnea, cough, and production of mucopurulent sputum. Histologically it is characterized by a suppurative bronchiolitis involving primarily the respiratory and terminal bronchioles with subsequent progression to bronchiolectasis. Pulmonary function tests show ...
Wagle V G - - 1990
A case of neurogenic pulmonary edema due to hydrocephalus, without initial neurological deficit, is described. Computed tomography demonstrated a ring enhancing lesion in the tectum of the mesencephalon obstructing the aqueduct of Sylvius. The lesion, on autopsy, was a rare mesencephalic glioma described in the literature as a "pencil glioma" ...
Dawson W B - - 1990
Pulmonary sclerosing hemangiomas are rare, benign neoplasms, which are usually solitary. The authors describe the computed tomography-pathological correlation in a case of pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma. Computed tomography demonstrated a smoothly marginated, homogeneously enhancing nodule, 1.5 cm in diameter. Pathologically the lesion was well circumscribed, soft and hemorrhagic on its cut ...
Guidry G G - - 1990
A young woman with catamenial hemoptysis and pleuritic chest pain is reported. She had two living children and had undergone three abortions and a tubal ligation followed by menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed no abnormalities, but computed tomograms of the chest revealed bilateral lung densities, which waxed and waned ...
Frontera-Izquierdo P - - 1990
We reviewed 103 cases of isolated complete atrioventricular septal defect. These cases represented 4.4% of the cases of congenital heart disease diagnosed in our hospital by catheterisation and angiography during 1971-88. Most children (n = 76) had Down's syndrome. Banding of the pulmonary artery was performed in seven cases and ...
Narr B J - - 1990
A case of unilateral bronchospasm during pleurodesis in a patient with a history of recurrent pneumothorax and asthma is presented. The etiology of this event is not clear; however, it likely includes reflex parasympathetic bronchoconstriction due to physical stimulation of the pleural surface during pleurodesis. Treatment involved independent lung ventilation, ...
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