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Eseigbe E E - - 2012
Febrile seizure is the most common seizure of childhood and has a good prognosis. However its presentation is fraught with poor management, with grave consequences, in our environment. Thus a review of its current status is important. To review the status of febrile seizures in Kaduna metropolis. A review of ...
Labre Magdala P - - 2012
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease increasingly prevalent in the U.S., particularly among children and certain minority groups. This umbrella review sought to assess and summarize existing systematic reviews of asthma-related interventions that might be carried out or supported by state or community asthma control programs, and to identify gaps ...
Laborde-Castérot Hervé - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Detergents and disinfectants are an emerging cause of work-related rhinitis and asthma. These products may contain ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). The authors report 10 cases of EDTA-related asthma and/or rhinitis. METHODS: Review of the medical charts of patients who presented with work-related rhinitis (alone or with asthma), with a ...
Ren Shaohua - - 2012
A rare case of combined Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA) was presented. A 41-year-old woman was diagnosed with CSS based upon asthma, eosinophilia (23%), chest radiographic findings, paranasal sinusitis, peripheral neuropathy and positive p-ANCA. The diagnosis of ABPA was established on the pathological findings of allegic mucin impaction ...
Ravid Sarit - - 2012
The possible association of pseudotumor cerebri and varicella infection was previously mentioned in a few case reports. In those cases, the history and clinical features of active varicella were obvious, and signs were directly related to the varicella infection. We describe three immunocompetent children with pseudotumor cerebri as the only ...
Natale Claudia - - 2012
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SP) is defined as the presence of free air in mediastinal space without any apparent cause. This rare entity is most likely to occur in young males often related to an episode of vomiting, asthma or sustained physical activity. SP usually resolves spontaneously in few days of treatment ...
Buyukyavuz Behcet Ilker - - 2012
Placement of ventriculoperitoneal(VP) shunt is a worldwide accepted procedure for treatment of hydrocephalus. This procedure have various intra-abdominal complications, of which pseudocyst formation is a rare one. Common presentations of this complication are abdominal mass, abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, and shunt dysfunction. In this paper, we report a case of ...
Gordon Boyd J - - 2012
New onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) is a relatively newly defined disease entity, where otherwise healthy individuals develop unrelenting seizures that do not respond to conventional anticonvulsant therapy and may require months of therapy with anesthetic drugs. We have described a case of NORSE who subsequently developed mesial temporal lobe ...
Prayson Richard A - - 2012
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a well-established, albeit rare cause of medically intractable epilepsy. In a small number of Rasmussen's cases, a second pathology is identified, which independently can cause medically intractable seizures (dual pathology). This paper documents a case of a 13-year-old male who presented with medically intractable epilepsy. The patient ...
Hamdy Dalia A - - 2012
Coadministration of azoles and vincristine has been shown to increase vincristine neurotoxic effects due to the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform 3A4, for which vincristine is a substrate. Despite the absence of any casual relationship between seizure and coadministration of azoles, few case reports of vincristine-induced seizure have been ...
Song Woo-Jung - - 2012
Magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) has been considered as an adjunct therapy for severe and life-threatening asthma exacerbation. The literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding magnesium therapy in acute exacerbation of adult asthma. A total of 16 trials ...
Ivyanskiy Ilya - - 2012
Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the high-affinity Fc receptor of IgE. Omalizumab has been approved for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma; however, there is currently more and more data showing promising results in the management also of chronic urticaria. We present a case series ...
Vichyanond Pakit - - 2012
Asthma has become the most common chronic disease in childhood. Significant advances in epidemiological research as well as in therapy of pediatric asthma have been made over the past 2 decades. In this review, we look at certain aspects therapy of childhood asthma, both in the past and present. Literature ...
Sharifi Sarvi - - 2012
Over 60 Asian and European families with cortical myoclonic tremor and epilepsy have been reported under various names. Cerebellar changes may be part of the syndrome. In this study, we report the neuropathology findings in a new Dutch familial cortical myoclonic tremor with epilepsy case and review the literature on ...
Téllez-Zenteno Jose F - - 2012
Partial-onset epilepsies account for about 60% of all adult epilepsy cases, and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of partial epilepsy referred for epilepsy surgery and often refractory to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Little is known about the epidemiology of TLE, because it requires advanced neuroimaging, positive EEG, ...
Hatch Neal U - - 2011
Reports of intracranial retained foreign bodies are relatively rare in the literature. Such objects can cause numerous complications requiring removal, such as infection, persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, or new-onset seizures. The transnasal endoscopic approach provides an excellent alternative to craniotomy for repairing middle cranial fossa (MCF) defects. We describe ...
Hall D P - - 2011
High altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) is an important and preventable cause of death at high altitudes. However, little is known about the global incidence of HAPE, in part because most cases occur in remote environments where no records are kept. Furthermore, despite international efforts to achieve consensus, there is wide ...
Dunne James V - - 2011
Cardiac tamponade in systemic sclerosis is rare. We report four cases of SSc with hemodynamically significant pericardial effusions associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension, three of whom died, two following pericardiocentesis. Of 26 SSc cases reported in the literature with large pericardial effusions, seven were associated with PAH. Including our series, ...
Kalogeropoulos Andreas S - - 2011
Although several studies did not demonstrate that daptomycin may cause significantly higher rates of pulmonary adverse effects when compared with vancomycin or penicillinase-resistant penicillins, there have been a few case reports of severe pulmonary complications associated with daptomycin administration. A rare case of eosinophilic pneumonia occurring 10 days after daptomycin ...
Janem Waleed - - 2010
Insulinomas are rare tumors with an estimated incidence of one per 250,000 person-years. Most insulinomas are benign with less than 10% demonstrating malignant behavior, the vast majority of which occur in adults. A systemic review of the literature revealed only nine cases of malignant insulinomas occurring in children. Herein, we ...
dos Santos Rubio E J - - 2010
We report the occurrence of a primary intracranial extraosseous Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (EES/pPNET) in the cerebellopontine angle in a child. A 10-year-old girl presented with symptoms and signs of an infratentorial space-occupying lesion that was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and followed up by subtotal surgical resection. Tumor ...
Efesoy Ozan - - 2011
Metastatic malignant melanoma of the bladder is extremely rare in clinical practice with less than 10 cases reported in the last 30 years in the English literature. We report a case of malignant melanoma metastasis into the bladder, and review of the pertinent literature. A 60-year-old woman with a history of ...
Lin Jin-Rong - - 2010
Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma (DDCS) is a rare but highly malignant primary bone neoplasm, which is resistant to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. There remains uncertainly as to the best treatment of this disease and how to improve its prognosis. In this paper we reported a case of DDCS and reviewed the related literatures ...
Córdoba-Fernández Antonio - - 2010
Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma of the soft tissues is a rare low-grade tumor of uncertain origin that most often occurs on the extremities of adults. The tumor predominantly involves the subcutaneous tissues of the hands and feet. Despite being a rare neoplasm, owing to its varied histologic appearance, myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma ...
Ko Myung-Su - - 2010
Myoid hamartoma is an uncommon type of breast hamartoma and its recurrence is very rare. We report the imaging appearance of an unusual case of recurrent myoid hamartoma of the breast mimicking malignancy in a 43-year-old woman. Although the mammographic and ultrasonographic findings have long been described in the literature, ...
Bodhireddy Hari - - 2010
Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus frequently manifest with rare infections as well as neoplasms. We report an unusual and interesting case of an intranodal Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) with coexistent/concurrent granulomatous lymphadenitis secondary to atypical mycobacteria in a groin lymph node. "Mycobacterium pseudotumor" is a nonneoplastic condition and should be ...
Harries Anwen M - - 2011
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is uncommon within the central nervous system. It is a pleomorphic sarcoma originally found in soft tissue( (1) ) and there are few reported cases within the central nervous system, in particular the cerebellum. This tumour is difficult to diagnose and may be difficult to treat. We ...
Kim Sun Young - - 2010
Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare malignancy derived from antigen-presenting cells, with 55 cases reported thus far. A standard treatment modality is still being debated. This report describes a 56-year-old female who presented with right tonsillar enlargement and right submandibular swelling for 6 months. Treatment with empiric ...
Park Jae Seok - - 2010
We experienced a case of primary pulmonary biphasic synovial sarcoma, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and molecular testing of SYT-SSX2 fusion transcripts. The patient was a 61-year-old man who presented with a well-defined mass in the left upper lung field on chest radiography. Left upper lobectomy with lymph node dissection ...
Aslam Muhammad Z - - 2010
We present the case of a 52-year-old man, with a history of malignant melanoma, who presented with a testicular lump. Radical orchidectomy confirmed a metastatic malignant melanoma. We discuss salient features of this disease in the light of the published literature.
Oikawa Fernando - - 2010
Histoplasmosis is a fungal disease caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The spores can be found in soil contaminated with bird, bat or chicken feces. Histoplasmosis occurs worldwide and is one of the most common pulmonary and systemic mycoses. We report here the case of a 37-year-old ...
Kusuma Shashidhar - - 2010
Synovial sarcoma is typically an aggressive malignant tumor of the soft tissues, usually in the extremities, that affects young adults. Tumors of the head and neck are rare. Reported head and neck sites have included the hypopharynx (the most common site), the oropharynx, the larynx, and the soft tissues of ...
Zoeller Garrett K - - 2010
Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) arise from the optic nerves, optic chiasm, and/or hypothalamus and most commonly occur in childhood. Although these tumors can be quite challenging to manage, they are typically low-grade astrocytomas histologically, most commonly pilocytic astrocytomas. The few previously reported cases of malignant degeneration of an OPG occurred ...
Haydu Lauren E - - 2010
AIMS: To evaluate the quality of histopathological reporting for melanoma in a whole population, to assess the influence on quality of the use of a synoptic template and thus to provide an evidence base to guide improvement in reporting melanoma pathology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Histopathology reports of all primary invasive ...
Angurana Shabab L - - 2010
The occurrence of multiple primary malignant neoplasias (MPMN) is a rare but increasingly frequently reported event. Many theories have been proposed to explain MPMNs, but none have been proven. The key risk factors appear to be smoking and family history. While numerous studies have been published on the development of ...
Grover Surbhi - - 2010
To report two cases of persistent epitheliopathy after treatment of conjunctival melanoma and review management options for this condition. Case report and literature review. Persistent epitheliopathy, presumably resulting from limbal stem cell deficiency, is an uncommon complication of treatment of conjunctival malignant melanoma with surgical excision, cryotherapy, and mitomycin C. ...
Jang Jae-Won - - 2010
We recently experienced a case of synovial sarcoma in the posterior neck, which involved adjacent bony structures. Synovial sarcoma is rare, malignant soft tissue tumor that occur predominantly in the lower extremities. Wide surgical excision with involved tissue is the treatment of first choice, because most synovial sarcomas reveal aggressive ...
Corradin Maria Teresa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nevus spilus is characterized by a pigmented patch with scattered flat or maculopapular speckles. Nevus spilus was first described by Burkley in 1842. Since then, this lesion has been widely debated in the literature, particularly for the possible occurrence of melanoma within the lesion. OBJECTIVE: We describe the case ...
Schena Donatella - - 2010
Porokeratosis is a chronic skin disorder characterized by the presence of patches with elevated, thick, keratotic borders histologically featuring cornoid lamella. While porokeratosis usually is clinically defined by a slow onset, an eruptive variant has been reported. We report a 77-year-old woman affected by pancreatic carcinoma with-eruptive disseminated porokeratosis (EDP). ...
Ong Gregory S Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Hypoglycaemia poses a significant management challenge in patients with unresectable functional malignant insulinoma. Novel agents such as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors and radiolabelled peptides may be effective where there is failure of conventional therapy. DESIGN: We present the cases of two men diagnosed with inoperable malignant insulinoma ...
Aquilina Kristian - - 2010
Malignant transformation of craniopharyngioma is a rare event; only 3 cases have been reported in children, all in the Japanese literature. The authors describe 2 additional pediatric cases. Treatment in both of these cases consisted of multiple resections and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Malignant transformation occurred 7 and 8 ...
Kleinerman Rebecca - - 2010
Subungual melanoma is a relatively rare variant of melanoma, accounting for 0.7-3.5% of all melanoma cases in the Caucasian population. Curiously, it occurs in 8-33% of cases in black, Asian, Native American and Hispanic populations, which generally face a substantially lower risk of melanoma. Herein the authors report the case ...
Dainese Emanuele - - 2010
Malignant vascular tumors are uncommon sarcomas that arise from endothelial cells of small blood vessels and may affect every organ. Pleural localization is very exceptional, and only 48 cases have been reported in the English literature to date. Even if etiological factors implicated in the development of vascular sarcomas are ...
Hassiakos D - - 2010
A case of a male embryo aborted at the 20th week of gestation with extensive ascites, hydrothorax, pulmonary lymphangiectasia and pulmonary hypoplasia is presented together with the pathological findings, the etiology, differential diagnosis, course and therapy of this pathologic entity. Also a short review of the literature is discussed.
Dierickx I - - 2010
A 50-year-old female complained of a painless abdominal distension. Histopathologic examination after cystectomy showed a primary poorly differentiated retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma with a sarcoma-like mural nodule. The patient subsequently underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, omentectomy and lymphadenectomy. Adjuvant chemotherapy consisted of 6 times carboplatin (AUC 7) in ...
Seetharamu Nagashree - - 2010
Mucosal melanoma is a rare cancer that is clearly distinct from its cutaneous counterpart in biology, clinical course, and prognosis. Recent studies have shown important differences in the frequencies of various genetic alterations in different subtypes of melanoma. Activating mutations in the c-KIT gene are detected in a significant number ...
Prendergast Brendan - - 2010
Soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) is a histopathologically diverse group of tumors accounting for approximately 10,000 new malignancies in the US each year. The proximal lower extremity is the most common site for STS, accounting for approximately one-third of all cases. Coordinated multimodality management in the form of surgery and radiation is ...
Duan Guang-jie - - 2010
Extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) of the pharyngeal region is a rare malignant tumor recognized in recent years, with approximately 37 cases so far reported in the literature. It is often not considered at the initial evaluation and may be misdiagnosed in a small biopsy specimen. We report 4 ...
Gonzalez-Bosquet E - - 2010
Endometrial stromal sarcomas originate in the endometrial cavity. These tumors represent between 15-27.9% of uterine sarcomas. We present the case of a 41-year-old woman who underwent surgical hysteroscopy for metrorrhagia over a period of one month who had an intrauterine polypoid mass detected by ultrasonography. Histologic analysis of the polypoid ...
Myers Alice - - 2010
A 14-year-old girl had experienced gross peripheral oedema for nearly 2 years. She was under review by several paediatric specialists for a variety of problems. Her local paediatric team were unable to find the cause of her oedema, despite extensive investigations. Eventually, her mother discovered the cause was inhaled fluticasone, ...
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