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Arnold Christopher J CJ Division of Infectious Disease, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
Haemophilus influenzae is a rare cause of soft tissue infection. In this report, we present a case of multifocal necrotizing fasciitis in a healthy adult patient, secondary to Haemophilus influenzae serotype f infection; and we review literature on this rare cause of necrotizing fasciitis.
Gagneux-Brunon Amandine A Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Universitary Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France; Groupe Immunité des Muqueuses et Agents Pathogènes, EA 3064, Université Jean-Monnet, Université de Lyon, Saint-Etienne, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
We described two cases of acalculous cholecystitis (AAC), due to EBV primary infection in two young caucasian women and we reviewed other reported cases. In contrast with AAC of other etiologies, antibiotics and surgery are not useful in the management of AAC secondary to EBV.
Yan Chen C Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Simultaneous involvement of herpes zoster in multiple dermatomes is uncommon, and even more so in immunocompetent individuals. We report a case wherein a healthy adolescent boy presented with herpes zoster in two distinct dermatomes, raising concern for immunodeficiency, but he was found to be immunocompetent on further testing. A 14-year-old ...
Guo Xue-Ling XL Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease of the Ministry of Health, Wuhan, 430030, China, - - 2014
Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) are an autosomal dominant skeletal disease with wide variations in clinical manifestations among different ethnic groups. This study investigated the epidemiology, clinical presentations, pathogenetic features and treatment strategies of HME in mainland China. We searched and reviewed the related cases published since 1990 by searching electronic ...
Zandian Anthony A Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St. George's University, St. George's, - - 2014
Background: Recent advances in Bell's palsy (BP) were reviewed to assess the current trends in its management and prognosis. Material/Methods: We retrieved the literature on BP using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Key words and phrases used during the search included 'Bell's palsy', 'Bell's phenomenon', ...
Brachet C - - 2013
Background: Ecto/nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (ENPP1) loss-of-function mutations have been described in patients with autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic rickets (HR), in patients with generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) and in several patients with both conditions. Out of more than 50 cases of homozygous or compound heterozygous ENPP1 loss-of-function mutations published so far, ...
Zambito Marsala Sandro - - 2013
Tick borne encephalitis (TBE) is an acute febrile syndrome that can be complicated with neurological symptoms ranging from mild meningitis to severe encephalomyelitis. The causative agent is a virus belonging to the family of flaviviruses. We have collected a series of 89 patients and compared the clinical course with the ...
Radkevich-Brown Olga - - 2013
Bullous dermolysis of the newborn (BDN) is a subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa caused by mutations in type VII collagen resulting in disorganized anchoring fibrils and sublamina densa blister formation. Disease activity is usually confined to the first year of life, with restoration of physiologic type VII collagen localization. We ...
Racis Loretta - - 2013
Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis (IAHSP) is a rare, early-onset autosomal recessive motor neuron disease associated with mutations in ALS2. We studied a 17-year-old boy who had features of IAHSP. We also reviewed the current literature on ALS2-related syndromes. Clinical and neuroimaging studies were performed. Blood DNA analyses were combined ...
Macdonald P - - 2013
An adult (231 mm standard length, LS ; 371 mm total length, LT ), dextral (right-sided) common megrim Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis is reported from the northern North Sea. This is the first recorded occurrence of reversal in this species. Other than its reversed asymmetry, the specimen had morphological and meristic characteristics similar to ...
Chen Yuanyuan - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in different ethnicities has been described in the literature, but few cases in patients of Chinese descent have been reported. Here, we describe the case of a Chinese neonate presenting with HLH carrying novel, compound heterozygous mutations of the UNC13D gene, including [c.2295_2298delGCAG, p.Glu765Aspfs*27] in exon 23, ...
Slone Jeremy S - - 2013
We report 3 pediatric cases of primary/idiopathic myelofibrosis (PMF/IMF). Two cases exhibited clinical courses not typically observed in adult patients in whom this process is much more common. One of these cases exhibited spontaneous clinical and bone marrow resolution, whereas the other case achieved near resolution of myelofibrosis in response ...
Nisa Lluís - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Involvement of cranial nerves V, VII, and VIII by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is widely reported in the literature, whereas involvement of cranial nerves IX and X is rarer and therefore poorly characterized. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature through MEDLINE (up to January 2012). ...
Rigamonti Andrea - - 2013
Late relapse of herpes simplex encephalitis, defined as recurrence more than 3 months after the first initial encephalitic episode, is a rare condition. We describe the case of an adult patient who presented a relapse of herpes simplex encephalitis 8 years after the first episode occurred at the age of ...
Pushpanshu K - - 2013
Osteonecrosis following herpes zoster infection is a rare but severe complication, and clinicians' awareness is important for early detection and management of this condition. A case of herpes zoster of the left maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve is reported in a young female having no concurrent predisposing factors, with ...
Camargo Jose F - - 2013
We report a case of MonoMAC syndrome in a patient with a GATA2 mutation and discuss the manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of this novel immunodeficiency disorder.
Hasan Shariful S Shariful Hasan, MBBS, FCNp, Neurology Unit, Institute of Gerontology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, - - 2013
Encephalitis has been included in the causes of optic neuritis, but post encephalitic optic neuritis has been rarely reported. Majority of the cases of optic neuritis are either idiopathic or associated with multiple sclerosis, especially in western countries. This is very important in the Asian population where the incidence and ...
Esselmani Hicham - - 2013
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a rare, hereditary in nature, characterized by an inability of the kidney to concentrate urine, secondary to the manifold resistance to the action of vasopressin. X-linked forms of transmission (90%) are expressed in boys, from the neonatal period in general, by polyuria and polydipsia. Symptomatology ...
Seneviratne K - - 2013
Mycobacterium marinum is a rare non-tuberculous mycobacterium known commonly to cause fish tank granuloma. It is found in aquatic surroundings and is common in healthy individuals. We report a case and review the literature in an immunocompromised HIV-1 individual with a first reported case of a rifampicin-resistant M. marinum organism ...
Pfister Ted - - 2013
Systematic review data demonstrate that 5% of ALS cases are familial (FALS). Causative superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) mutations are identified in 10-20% of FALS. Few reports of FALS epidemiology exist in Canada. We completed a retrospective review of all FALS cases within the province of Alberta between 2002 and 2011. Descriptive ...
Tang Hon - - 2013
The authors present the first reported case of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) precipitated by trigeminal nerve microvascular decompression (MVD). The presentation of this specific case together with the pathogenesis and management of HSE are discussed, with a relevant literature review. This 29-year-old woman with treatment-resistant trigeminal neuralgia underwent a successful ...
Mohan Ravi Prakash Sasankoti - - 2013
Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin and mucosal disease of viral origin, caused by molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) virus of poxvirus family. With the eradication of smallpox, MCV is now the only member of the poxvirus family that causes substantial disease in humans. Though frequently reported, its unusual clinical presentation ...
Popgeorgiev Nikolay - - 2013
Viruses are the most abundant obligate intracellular entities in our body. Until recently, they were only considered to be pathogens that caused a broad array of pathologies, ranging from mild disease to deaths in the most severe cases. However, recent advances in unbiased mass sequencing techniques as well as increasing ...
Mahmood Aatif A Macclesfield District General Hospital, Victoria Road, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 3BL, - - 2013
Professor Grammont revolutionised shoulder surgery with his reverse shoulder arthroplasty design. Patients who had poor results from a conventional shoulder replacement because of cuff deficiency can now be treated effectively. Although designed for cuff tear arthropathy, indications continue to evolve and broaden. The initial results look very promising and the ...
Agiannidis Christos - - 2012
Background:Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare genodermatosis considered a subtype of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and traditionally associated with mutations in the mismatch repair genes.Objective:We describe a 51-year-old male with primary manifestations of recurrent sebaceous adenoma of the upper eyelid, a positive cancer family history, and metachronous occurrence of colorectal ...
Bellou M - - 2012
Investigations of disease outbreaks linked to shellfish consumption have been reported in the scientific literature; however, only few countries systematically collate and report such data through a disease surveillance system. We conducted a systematic review to investigate shellfish-borne viral outbreaks and to explore their distribution in different countries, and to ...
Tiwari Sarika - - 2012
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) causes Japanese encephalitis, which is a leading form of viral encephalitis in Asia, with around 50,000 cases and 10,000 deaths per year in children below 15 years of age. The JEV has shown a tendency to extend to other geographic regions. Case fatality averages 30% and ...
Alsanosi A A - - 2012
Objective: We report deafness occurring as an extremely rare complication of influenza A caused by the H1N1 virus ('swine flu'), in two children. Methods: Case reports and review of the literature concerning influenza A (H1N1) and acquired viral infection causing deafness. Results: Two children with normal hearing developed bilateral deafness ...
Skelly Michael J MJ Department of Infectious Diseases, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, NY, USA. - - 2013
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) is the most common cause of lethal sporadic encephalitis. Despite improved therapy with intraveneous acyclovir, HSV-1 encephalitis is associated with persistent severe neurological deficits. We report three cases of adult patients with HSV-1 encephalitis (HSE), discuss the current accepted guidelines for treatment as published by the ...
Chaudhuri Alex - - 2012
Acute myopericarditis in the developed world is ascribed predominantly to viral infections. Enteroviruses and adenoviruses are commonly implicated but are not routinely tested for, as the condition is self-limiting and has a good prognosis. However, we recently encountered two cases of acute myopericarditis associated with concomitant Streptococcus pyogenes [Group A ...
McElhinney L M - - 2012
Bat rabies cases in Europe are principally attributed to two lyssaviruses, namely European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) and European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2). Between 1977 and 2011, 961 cases of bat rabies were reported to Rabies Bulletin Europe, with the vast majority (>97%) being attributed to EBLV-1. There ...
Ashman Eric J - - 2012
Since our previous editorial,(1) the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has published over 110 therapeutic articles with level of evidence (LOE) statements. This is a significant first step in the AAN's goal of eventually incorporating LOE statements with other types of articles, such as diagnostic, prognostic, causation, and population screening ...
Huang X-F - - 2012
The authors investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of keratocystoma of the parotid gland. Two cases of parotid gland keratocystoma in the files of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital were analysed. These slowly growing parotid gland tumours occurred in two women aged 29 and 49 years. The cut surface showed multilocular cystic lesions filled ...
Ozgur Tumay - - 2011
PURPOSE: Mature cystic teratomas are the most common benign ovarian neoplasms. Our aim is to analyse these cases by pathologic and clinical findings in our centre with the view of updated knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 50 case reports diagnosed as mature cystic teratoma (or dermoid cyst) in ...
Reisman Jonathan S - - 2011
Necrotizing fasciitis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is rare. We report a case of monomicrobial Pseudomonas necrotizing fasciitis and review 37 cases in the literature. The mortality rate was 30%, and most infections occurred in the immunocompromised. Clinicians should consider empiric pseudomonal antibiotic coverage in the severely immunocompromised with potentially necrotizing ...
Hsieh Cheng-Ta - - 2011
Intradural lumbar cystic schwannomas are a very rare entity and only 10 case reports have been reported in the literature. The diagnosis and management remains a challenge for clinical physicians. Herein, we report a 51-year-old female presenting with lower back pain and radiating pain at the left upper thigh. Magnetic ...
Adalberto de Luz Reginaldo - - 2011
This article describes a postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) surveillance system in place in a specialized ophthalmologic center in São Paulo, Brazil. The study involved a review of medical records from 2004-2009, during which a total of 31,999 intraocular surgeries were performed. Nineteen of these cases fulfilled the criteria for POE, for ...
Gupta Shilpi Singh - - 2011
Cystic lymphangiomas are lymphatic malformations rather than true neoplasms. These are mainly childhood lesions. Involvement of the breast is extremely uncommon, and to the best of our knowledge only 17 such cases have been found in the literature. Breast involvement is even rarer in children, as only four of the ...
Xu Guo-Ping - - 2011
Splenic cystic lymphangioma is extremely rare, with very few cases reported until now. Here, we report a case of cystic lymphangioma of the spleen in a young woman who was admitted for evaluation of abdominal pain and a mass lasting for two years. We present this case with emphasis on ...
Ozdemir Halil - - 2011
Neonatal suppurative parotitis (NSP) is an uncommon disease. Information about the etiopathogenesis and management of the disease is very limited. Here, we describe a newborn who developed NSP due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and who was treated successfully with antibiotics.
Yasunaga Masafumi - - 2011
Malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is rare, occurring in approximately 2% of all cases. The most common malignancy arising in mature cystic teratoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Much less frequently, the malignant transformation is represented by sarcomas. Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma usually develops in bone. There has ...
Weber C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of hiatal hernias is incompletely understood. This study systematically reviewed the literature of hiatal hernias to provide an evidence-based explanation of the pathogenetic theories and to identify any risk factors at the molecular and cellular levels. METHODS: A systematic search of the Medline and Pubmed databases on ...
Hsu Y-F - - 2011
Incarcerated inguinal hernia is a common surgical indication in the emergency room. Delayed diagnosis can result in ischemic bowel or bowel perforation. The reported incarcerated contents include bowel loop, mesentery, omentum and, rarely, malignant lesions, such as lymphoma, metastatic tumors etc. We report a new case of primary spermatic cord ...
Antoniou Stavros A - - 2011
During the past few years, biologic meshes, primarily evolved for routine and complex cases of abdominal wall reconstruction, have been evaluated in clinical cases and experimental models. Although there is published experience on the use of small intestine submucosa and human cadaveric dermis in hiatal hernia repair with encouraging results, ...
Doi Hirokazu - - 2011
A parahiatal hernia, that occurs from muscular diaphragmatic defects causing separation from the esophageal hiatus, is rare. We treated a 68-year-old Japanese woman with the symptom of vomiting. Based on imaging studies (upper gastrointestinal studies, gastroscopy, contrast-enhanced computed tomography) we diagnosed parahiatal hernia. On laparoscopic surgery, the hernial orifice was ...
Moore Catherine Porter - - 2011
Torsion of the testicle is a well-recognized urological emergency. Torsion of the cryptorchid testicle, however, is described in the urology literature, but not well recognized in the emergency department. We discuss a case of a torsed cryptorchid testicle and review the pathophysiology, imaging modalities, and prognosis.
Pandey Anand - - 2011
We encountered a patient with a swelling in the left lateral infraumbilical region and a left undescended testis. The appearance of the swelling was suggestive of a spigelian hernia. At operation, the swelling was actually an abdominal ectopic testis with associated inguinal hernia. This unusual finding led us to report ...
Zameer M M - - 2011
Hernia of the umbilical cord is a small omphalocoele with the abdominal defect being less than 4 cm and the small intestine being the usual content. We report a rare case of hernia of the umbilical cord with the whole of the liver herniating through the small defect into the ...
Okada T - - 2011
An indirect inguinal hernia containing the entire uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes is extremely rare in pediatrics. The present report describes the very rare case of a 1-month-old girl with an irreducible indirect inguinal hernia containing the entire uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes, and the successful surgical treatment of simple ...
Roy Mahua - - 2011
Morgagnis hernia is rare in pediatrics, representing 1%-6% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH). We report a young boy presented with obstructive jaundice caused by compression of common bile duct (CBD) due to stretching and rotation of second part of duodenum in right-sided Morgagni hernia. Such presentation is rarely reported ...
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