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Childs Lane - - 2008
Rhabdomyosarcomas, malignant neoplasms exhibiting skeletal muscle differentiation, are the most common childhood sarcomas and most commonly arise in the head-and-neck region. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas of the genitourinary tract also occur in children, but are distinctly uncommon in adults. We report a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma arising in the bladder of a ...
Istanbulluoglu Mustafa Okan - - 2008
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are currently one of the most popular reversible contraception methods used world wide. Uterine perforation is a rarely observed complication. The bladder is one of the organs that an IUD can migrate to because of its close proximity to the uterus. There are about 70 cases in ...
Kochar Kunal - - 2008
Liver abscess formation is a rare complication of gall bladder perforation with cholecystohepatic communication. We describe a patient who presented with right upper quadrant pain and progressive confusion, and was found to have an intrahepatic perforation of the gall bladder. We discuss the diagnostic work-up and the management of this ...
Vilke Gary M - - 2008
Acute urinary retention is a common presentation to the Emergency Department and is often simply treated with placement of a Foley catheter. However, various cases will arise when this will not remedy the retention and more aggressive measures will be needed, particularly if emergent urological consultation is not available. This ...
Finnan Ryan P - - 2008
Anterior pelvic ring disruptions are often associated with injuries to the genitourinary structures with the potential for considerable resultant morbidity. Herniation of the bladder into the symphyseal region after injury with subsequent entrapment upon reduction of the symphyseal diastasis has seldom been reported in the literature. We report such a ...
Smith Stephen P SP - - 2008
Past descriptions of vascular lesions often confused vascular malformations and hemangiomas using interchangeable definitions which led to inappropriate treatment and inconsistency in the medical literature. The work of Mulliken and Glowacki systematically delineated the difference between hemangiomas and the multiple varieties of vascular malformations. Hemangiomas are in fact as the ...
Williams Steve - - 2008
Our objective was to present a new case of angiosarcoma of the bladder after therapeutic radiation of the prostate, and discuss the treatment and clinical course of this rare tumor; the role of multimodality treatment is also discussed. We report a case of angiosarcoma of the bladder. Presentation, clinical course, ...
Nigri Giuseppe - - 2008
Cavernous hemangiomas are rare, benign, non-functioning neoplastic lesions that often involve liver and skin. Hemangiomas of the adrenal gland are very uncommon, and usually found accidentally in otherwise asymptomatic patients. This paper reports the only case of a large cavernous hemangioma removed with transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy and reviews the literature.
Galan Anjela - - 2007
Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is a benign malformation characterized by a proliferation of eccrine glands and capillary vessels in the dermis. Hyperplasia of other dermal constituents, such as fat, nerve fibers, pilar structures and dermal mucin, has been reported. EAH typically presents as a painful lesion on the extremities of ...
Kwok-Williams Michelle - - 2007
Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome (KMS) originally referred to a hemangioma associated with life-threatening thrombocytopenia and a consumption coagulopathy. Treatment includes surgery, steroids, and alpha interferon. However response may be unsatisfactory and mortality rates of 10-37% have been reported. We report a case of a 4-month-old male whose disease had not responded to ...
Mou J W C - - 2008
We report a case of pheochromocytoma in the urinary bladder of a 14-year-old girl who presented with headache and palpitation after voiding. This is an extremely rare condition in pediatric age group and thus can be missed easily. This case is the seventh case reported in the reviewed literature.
Horton Elaine S - - 2007
We report the first case of a leiomyoma of the urinary bladder studied by cytogenetics. In comparison with cytogenetic changes of leiomyomas of other sites, the karyotype of the tumor was unusual: 47,XX,+7/89 approximately 93,XXXX,-1,+7,+7,add(12)(q23.4),+add(12)(q23.4),-18,-21,+idic(21)(p11.2),-22.
Kluwe Wolfram - - 2007
The variants of bladder exstrophy with duplication of the bladder are extremely rare and associated with further malformations of the genitourinary system. Initially, the clinical appearance is that of a classic exstrophy. In this case a second, regularly configured bladder with a normal supravesical urinary tract was found covered by ...
Tosios K I - - 2008
Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH), also known as spindle cell hemangioendothelioma, is a unique vascular tumor with combined microscopic features of both a cavernous hemangioma and Kaposi sarcoma. It almost exclusively affects the dermis and subcutis of the distal extremities. A review of the literature disclosed only 5 cases of SCH ...
Poindexter Gabriele - - 2007
PHACE is an acronym to describe the association of posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta, cardiac defects, and eye abnormalities. More than 200 cases have been reported. The present report presents the cases of two female infants with PHACE syndrome, both of whom had additional ...
Lacher M - - 2007
Megacystis is a typical prenatal sonographic finding in cases of lower urinary tract obstruction. Urinary bladder perforation represents a rare complication in this condition. We report on a boy with in utero bladder perforation and urinary ascites secondary to posterior urethral valves. The pre- and postnatal therapy is described and ...
Kalorin Carmin M CM Albany Medical Center in Albany, New York, - - 2007
Gunshot wounds to the bladder are not uncommon; however it is unusual that a bullet come to rest within the urinary bladder. Properly performed plain film cystography is trusted as a highly sensitive tool for identifying significant bladder injuries due to both blunt and penetrating trauma. Several reports suggest that ...
Syal Rajan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Primary intraosseous hemangiomas are rare (0.7% of all osseous neoplasms), benign, slow-growing neoplasms. These lesions are usually solitary. We are reporting a case of multicentric intraosseous hemangiomas. Investigation, treatment options, and role of N-butylcyanoacrylate (NBCA) in management will be discussed. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 20-year-old man had multicentric intraosseous ...
Patel Payal D - - 2007
Although they may present with significant morbidity, pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are mainly afflictions that affect quality of life. To appropriately treat these entities, comprehension of the various theories of the pathophysiology is paramount. Utilizing a Medline search, this article reviews recent data concerning intrinsic (i.e., genetics, ...
Leiva Rene - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful treatment of complete retrograde ejaculation by use of a novel, simple, and noninvasive home-based protocol. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private family medicine clinic. PATIENT(S): A couple with primary infertility due to the male's complete retrograde ejaculation due to childhood's bladder surgery. The woman ...
Corroppolo M - - 2007
In the literature it is possible to find many case reports of bladder exstrophy variants, although a thorough classification with all possible associated malformations is not yet available. On the basis of a rare case observed at their Department, the authors studied the embryology of these conditions and their associated ...
Rose Anthony S - - 2008
A 66-year-old man with mitral stenosis on coumadin presents with hemoptysis caused by a capillary hemangioma of the proximal airways. Argon plasma coagulation was utilized to treat the lesions resulting in resolution of hemoptysis. Tracheobronchial capillary hemangiomas are rare in adults, but are easily discovered and treated with bronchoscopic intervention. ...
Gurocak Serhat
Bladder augmentation is an important tool in the management of children requiring reconstructions for urinary incontinence or preserving of the upper urinary tract in congenital malformations. We reviewed the literature and evaluated the long-term results of enterocystoplasty in the pediatric age group and summarized techniques, experimental options and future perspectives ...
Singh Iqbal - - 2007
Transuterine transvesical emigration of an intrauterine contraceptive device is a rare and uncommonly described complication of an intrauterine device. We report and describe the clinical outcome and management of one such case of intravesical intrauterine device that had become calcified leading to the erroneous diagnosis of a vesical calculus. The ...
Grupper Moti - - 2007
Emphysematous cystitis is a rare disease characterized by primary infection of the urinary bladder with gas-producing pathogens. There is a paucity of information on this entity in the English-language literature covering the last 45 years, and the clinical picture is poorly outlined. We carried out a comprehensive, retrospective review of ...
Shi Benkang - - 2007
Aggressive fibromatoses (AF) are locally aggressive neoplasms that do not metastasize but are frequently associated with one or more recurrences and subsequent associated morbidity. AF in the urological system is quite rare and has mainly been described in single case reports or as isolated cases in a large series of ...
Okeke Linus I - - 2007
Dermoid cysts are extremely rare in the urinary bladder and can pose a diagnostic dilemma to both the Urologist and the Histopathologist. Only a few cases were found documented and cited in PubMed. We present a case of dermoid cyst in the urinary bladder presenting as a bladder stone with ...
Young Jennifer L - - 2007
Carcinosarcoma of the prostate is a rare neoplasm with malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. Herein, we report the case of a patient who underwent multiple transurethral resections of the prostate showing adenocarcinoma initially then carcinosarcoma. He underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy, bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection, and ileal conduit urinary ...
Balachandra B - - 2007
Gastrocystoplasty is a form of surgical bladder augmentation or neobladder used to restore bladder capacity and compliance in children and in patients with neurogenic bladder. Other forms of bladder augmentation include ileocystoplasty and colocystoplasty. Reported complications of gastrocystoplasty include post-operative bleeding, haematuria, stricture, metabolic alkalosis and rupture of the gastric ...
Kwok Ching-Ming - - 2007
Amyand's hernia is an extremely rare condition in which the appendix is positioned in the inguinal hernia sac. Acute appendicitis is much less common in this situation and few reports are found in the literature. We report a case of acute appendicitis with the tip of the appendix incarcerated outside ...
Castillo Camilo M - - 2007
To report a case of keratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder treated with radical cystectomy. Case report and discussion of management options. Keratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder is a rare entity that can result from chronic irritative stimuli involving the bladder. It is considered a premalignant condition associated with ...
Rabinowitz C B CB Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2007
The urachus is an embryonic remnant that connects the primitive bladder to the allantois. Multiple urachal anomalies have been described, including the urachal sinus, urachal cyst, patent urachus, and urachal diverticulum. We describe an unusual case in which a patient with urinary tract infection and dysuria was ultimately found to ...
Focarelli B B Department of Paediatric Science, Urodynamic Laboratory, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, - - 2007
Urinary retention is uncommon in children and only one case has been described in literature with loperamide treatment. We report the occurrence of prolonged urinary retention in a 10-years-old girl after receiving oral loperamide for an acute gastroenteritis. The first episode of urinary retention lasted for 24 hours; radiological evaluation ...
Kaya Cevdet - - 2007
Cystitis glandularis is a very rare proliferative disorder of the mucus-producing glands within the mucosa and submucosa of urinary bladder epithelium. We report such a case of glandular cystitis with intestinal metaplasia masquerading as a bladder tumor in a young male patient who presented with severe obstructive urinary symptoms. Cystoscopy ...
Sharma Shree Gopal - - 2006
Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is an uncommon but distinctive lesion seen principally in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The histopathology of this disease is very characteristic, but error in diagnosis is possible on cytopathology. There are very few case reports describing the cytomorphology of this lesion. ...
Kolder Dan - - 2006
Perforation of the gallbladder occurs in 1.6%-2.8% of cases of gallbladder disease. Transhepatic rupture of the gall bladder is rare, with fewer than 20 cases reported in literature. We report a case of transhepatic rupture of the gall bladder with massive hemoperitoneum, which required emergency laparotomy and control of hemorrhage.
White Victoria - - 2007
Urinary ascites is a rare diagnosis usually associated with intra-peritoneal bladder perforation. We present a case of massive urinary ascites in a patient who presented 1 week after a total abdominal hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy. We discuss how the diagnosis was made, the mechanism of biochemical changes associated with urinary ascites ...
Khan Z A - - 2006
The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) has been in use for many years as an effective means of birth control. Migration of the device from the uterus to the pelvic cavity is not uncommon and has been reported previously, however intravesical migration and secondary calculus formation is relatively rare. We report ...
Thapar R B - - 2006
The urachus, or median umbilical ligament, is a midline tubular structure that extends upward from the anterior dome of the bladder toward, the umbilicus and represents the vestigial remnant of at least two embryonic structures, the cloaca and the allantois. The tubular urachus normally involutes before birth, remaining as a ...
Roth Christopher C - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The success in the use of the tension-free midurethral sling procedures (tension-free vaginal tape, suprapubic arch, transobturator tape) has dramatically altered the approach to the surgical management of stress urinary incontinence in women and marked a resurgence in the use of mesh. We will analyze the characteristics ...
Bridges Benjamin - - 2006
We report a case of severe hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic transplantation in association with high BK viral load. After failure of aggressive hydration, platelet and blood transfusions, continuous bladder irrigation, and tapering of the immune suppression, we instilled cidofovir into the bladder, which resulted in decreased BK viral load and ...
Chura Justin C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma of the urinary bladder that occurs after urinary diversion is a rare entity. We report a case of an adenocarcinoma arising in a defunctionalized bladder that presented as locally advanced endometrial carcinoma. CASE: A 77-year-old presented with postmenopausal bleeding and mucous vaginal discharge. She had a prior history ...
Sharma J B - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Significant vascular malformations of uterus are rare but can cause serious menorrhagia. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 40-year-old multiparous woman who presented with perimenopausal bleeding due to cavernous hemangiomatous polyp successfully treated by polypectomy. CONCLUSION: Cavernous hemangioma can be a rare cause of perimenopausal bleeding. The ...
Kaplan Mustafa - - 2006
Urethral stones in men are rare clinical entity and most of them migrate from the urinary bladder. Urethral stones are rarely formed primarily in the urethra and are usually associated with urethral strictures or diverticula. We report a 41-year-old man with giant prostatic urethral stone (5.9x3.2x2.8 cm) associated with a ...
Crook T J - - 2006
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a rare benign tumour of the urinary tract and is found most commonly in the bladder. Here are presented four cases of paediatric NA, two bladder and two urethral. Their diagnostic and management features in the context of differential diagnosis and natural history are discussed. A ...
Kumar G Samson Sujit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular cavernous angiomas are very rare. Only few cases of trigonal angiomas have been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report three cases of trigonal cavernous angiomas who presented with raised intracranial pressure or seizures and who underwent total excision with a good recovery. We also review the literature and discuss ...
Suttmann Henrik - - 2006
We present a rare case of mesonephroid adenocarcinoma arising from mesonephroid metaplasia of the urinary bladder. For the first time, the unique histopathologic features in this patient provide evidence for the theory that vesical mesonephroid adenocarcinoma might be a highly aggressive metaplastic variant of urothelial carcinoma that should be treated ...
Karikari Isaac O - - 2006
A 3-month-old boy presented to the pediatric neurosurgery service with central hypotonia. Magnetic resonance images of the brain revealed a homogeneously enhancing dumbbell-shaped mass located in the fourth ventricle and extending into the left cerebellopontine angle (CPA). A suboccipital craniotomy was performed and a gross-total resection of the mass was ...
Hazarika Produl - - 2006
Pyriform fossa hemangioma, especially of the cavernous type, is a rare case and very few such lesions have been encountered in general otolaryngological practice. We report such a lesion in a 36-year-old, middle-aged woman presenting with complaint of foreign body sensation in the throat. Examination revealed a hemangioma in the ...
Lin Han-Ching - - 2006
Mesenchymal tumors of the urinary bladder are rare, and the majority of them are malignant. We report a case of leiomyoma of the urinary bladder presenting with symptoms of voiding dysfunction. We performed surgical resection of the leiomyoma and repair of the bladder. Small capacity of the bladder with right ...
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